Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA method for operating a security and/or automation system is described. A sensor may identify when a first person is in a sleep state. The sensor may detect a disturbance in the sleep state, and alert a second person when the detected disturbance satisfies one or more disturbance parameters.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA method for performing flow analysis in a target volume of a moving organ from sequences of a first and a second magnetic resonance volumetric image data sets of such organ, which data sets are timely separated by a certain time interval, wherein the first volumetric image data sets comprise structural information and three-directional velocity information of the target volume and the second volumetric image data sets comprises structural information of the target volume, the method comprising the following steps: a) determining at least one feature of interest in at least one volume data set of the sequence of second volumetric image data sets;b) tracking the feature of interest within one or more volume data sets of the sequence of the second volumetric data sets;c) determining the spatial orientation over time of a plane containing the feature of interest in the sequence of the second volumetric data sets;d) determining the spatial orientation over time of the plane containing the feature of interest in the sequence of the first volumetric data sets;e) reformatting the three-directional velocity information into one-directional velocity information on the plane as determined in step d);f) performing bi-dimensional quantitative flow analysis using the one-directional velocity information. A corresponding apparatus and computer program are also disclosed.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTIn part, the invention relates to optical caps having at least one lensed surface configured to redirect and focus light outside of the cap. The cap is placed over an optical fiber. Optical radiation travels through the fiber and interacts with the optical surface or optical surfaces of the cap, resulting in a beam that is either focused at a distance outside of the cap or substantially collimated. The optical elements such as the elongate caps described herein can be used with various data collection modalities such optical coherence tomography. In part, the invention relates to a lens assembly that includes a micro-lens; a beam director in optical communication with the micro-lens; and a substantially transparent film or cover. The substantially transparent film is capable of bi-directionally transmitting light, and generating a controlled amount of backscatter. The film can surround a portion of the beam director.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn illumination element such as an optical waveguide for illuminating a surgical field in a patient has a light input section, a light transmitting section, and a light output section. The light input section is optically coupled to a proximal section of the light transmitting section and inputs light into the illumination element. The light transmitting section transmits the light preferably by total internal reflection or by other transmission means. The light output section is adjacent a distal section of the light transmitting section which has a light extraction area from which the light exits with an energy density. The light extraction area comprises a bore extending at least partially inward into a distal end of the light output section. A plurality of optical structures is disposed on an inner wall of the bore. The optical structures are configured to extract light from the light output section and direct the extracted light toward the surgical field.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTIn a magnetic resonance apparatus and operating method therefor, movement compensation during raw data acquisition is accomplished by operating the data acquisition scanner to acquire data from a reference navigator volume at a first point in time, using a simultaneous multi-slice technique with a first acceleration factor and a first number of first slice groups, and to acquire data from a navigator volume at a second point in time, also using a simultaneous multi-slice technique, but with a second acceleration factor and a second number of second slice groups, with the first and second acceleration factors being equal. Movement information is determined from the reference navigator volume and the navigator volume, describing movement of the patient occurring between the first and second points in time. Data acquisition parameters of the scanner are set after the second point in time, dependent on the movement information, for acquiring further magnetic resonance data.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTIn a method and magnetic resonance (MR) apparatus for quantitative T1 determination in MR imaging, MR data of the volume section are acquired depending on a contrast agent administered in the examined object, wherein the MR data of the volume section are acquired several times during various phases of the diffusion of the contrast agent in the volume section. First MR data of the volume section are acquired with a first sequence and second MR data of the volume section are acquired with a second sequence, wherein the first sequence is distinguished from the second sequence only by the flip angle of at least one RF pulse in the respective sequences and/or only by the repetition time of the respective sequences. Respective T1 values of each voxel of the volume section are determined depending on the first MR data and the second MR data.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTMRI techniques are widely and successfully applied in medicine and biophysics because MRI provides good contrast between different soft tissues without ionizing radiation. MRI protocols are optimized in four aspects: imaging parameters, k-space strategies, RF system calibration and contrast inhomogeneity correction. The signal intensities of normal and disease tissues are simulated, for example, using Bloch equations for an imaging sequence with tissue MR parameters. The relationships between imaging parameters and tissue contrasts are calculated using the numerically simulated signal intensities. The optimal imaging parameters and/or k-space strategies are determined to maximize image contrast and minimize artifacts with acceptable spatial-temporal resolution based on characterization of the imaging hardware. The RF system is optionally calibrated to improve the accuracy of the imaging parameters and reduce inter-scanner variability. Additionally, contrast-to-noise inhomogeneity caused by transmit field and receive sensitivity is optionally corrected by optimal flip angle and measured receiver sensitivity.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTDisclosed is a scanning device for magnetic resonance imaging for medical diagnostics, more particularly for dental-medical diagnostics or ENT diagnostics, having a main magnet for generating a static main magnetic field having a homogeneous region, and having at least one transmitting and/or receiving coil for emitting and/or receiving a radio-frequency magnetic field. Provision is made, in particular, for the main magnet to be formed by two poles of magnetically opposite polarities at the end side, such that the static main magnetic field generated by the two poles at the end sides thereof, including the homogeneous region, projects beyond the end sides of the poles.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA user-wearable device includes a front facing first light detector and a backside optical sensor, which faces the user's skin and includes a light source and a second light detector. The device also includes a skin tone detector and an ultraviolet (UV) exposure detector. The UV exposure detector is adapted to determine estimate(s) of a user's exposure to UV light in dependence on signal(s) produced using the first light detector, calibrate UV exposure threshold(s) in dependence on a skin tone metric produced using the skin tone detector, compare estimate(s) of a user's exposure to UV light to calibrated UV exposure threshold(s), and selectively trigger an alert in dependence on results of the comparison(s). The second light detector is also used to produce a photoplethysmography (PPG) signal from which measures heart rate (HR), heart rate variability (HRV), respiration rate (RR) or respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) is/are produced.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe present invention provides systems and methods for providing physical therapy exercise regimens and detecting electromagnetic radiation associated with movement and physiology.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTMethods and system for facilitating rapid radiation treatments are provided herein and relate in particular to radiation generation and delivery, electron source design, beam control and shaping/intensity-modulation. The methods and systems described herein are particularly advantageous when used with a compact high-gradient, very high energy electron (VHEE) accelerator and delivery system (and related processes) capable of treating patients from multiple beam directions with great speed, using all-electromagnetic or radiofrequency deflection steering is provided; or when used with a high-current electron accelerator system of energy range more conventionally used in photon radiation therapy to produce much faster delivery of intensity-modulated photon radiation therapy, that can in both cases deliver an entire dose or fraction of high-dose radiation therapy sufficiently fast to freeze physiologic motion, yet with a equal or better degree of dose conformity or sculpting compared to conventional photon therapy.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA computer program product, method, system and device that acquires, by a radiation detector, exit radiation measurement information during delivery of patient treatment. Patient anatomy information is also received and a radiation detector response calibration is determined utilizing at least the exit radiation measurement information, the patient anatomy information, and at least a portion of a radiation treatment plan.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA radiation therapy delivery system (10) includes an ultrasound imaging unit (26), a radiation therapy delivery mechanism (12, 56, 70, 88), a plurality of fiducials (22, 90) located internal to the subject, an image fusion unit (40), and a delivery evaluation unit (38). The ultrasound imaging unit (26) includes a transducer (30) that emits ultrasonic sound waves to image in real-time an anatomic portion of a subject (16) in a first coordinate system. The radiation therapy delivery mechanism (12, 56, 70, 88) delivers amounts of therapeutic radiation in the anatomic portion of the subject in a second coordinate system. The fiducials (22, 90) include implants or a trans-rectal ultrasound probe (80). The image fusion unit (40) registers locations of the plurality of fiducials to at least one of the first and the second coordinate system and tracks the locations of the fiducials in real-time. The delivery evaluation unit (38) identifies locations and the amounts of delivered therapeutic radiation relative to the imaged real-time anatomic portion of the subject.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTBrachytherapy oncology treatment systems and methods are provided. One such system and method employs a catheter or tandem and a mobile balloon device having an enclosed inner volume and an internal surface with an internal perimeter size larger than the external surface perimeter size and adequate to allow sliding longitudinal movement between the catheter or tandem and the mobile balloon device. The mobile balloon device has a radiation dose delivery tube that is at or moves by inflation to a strategic radiation dose delivery location for brachytherapy. An embodiment allows for a multi-part catheter or tandem having a detachable distal section suitable for retaining within a body cavity such as the uterus, both during radiation treatment and during recovery time between radiation treatments. This distal portion can be intended for single-patient use and be disposed of after completion of a radiation treatment session having multiple radiation dose treatment times. One or both of real time in vivo detection and monitoring and hypertherapy features can be included.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn apparatus includes a handle assembly, a guide assembly, and a dilation catheter. The guide assembly extends distally from the handle assembly. The guide assembly includes a malleable guide member and a flexible guide member. The distal end of the flexible guide member is distal to the distal end of the malleable guide member. The flexible guide member is positioned about the malleable guide member and is slidable along the malleable guide member. The dilation catheter is slidably disposed about the flexible guide member.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTIn various embodiments, provided herein are devices, systems and methods using two, three or more pigtails for precisely imaging an aortic valve complex with minimal contrast and/or for advancing an instrument, such as a wire, or device, such as a transcatheter valve, across an aortic valve. In various embodiments, these devices, systems and methods may be used to diagnose and/or treat patients with aortic stenosis, other valvular heart disease or other cardiovascular or non cardiovascular disease, facilitating precise contrast or drug or device delivery, precise pressure measurement and/or precise drainage or sampling. In some embodiments, each of the multiple pigtails of the device may be advanced independently of one another in multiple directions and at multiple lengths of deployment to optimize position.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTDream stage enhancement uses a headband with EEG-EOG sensors, onboard processors, memory, coarse and fine time REM waveform detection modules, LEDs and an audio playback unit. After normalization to the user's EEG waveforms, the user's EEG-EOG signals are processed, REM and NREM stages detected and light, sound or AV stimuli are presented to the user based upon user-supplied light-sound-AV stimuli commands. To provide a reality check control (“RCC”), the head unit has a user actuatable RC interface whereby during sleep, RC stimuli are presented when the user depresses the RCC control which plays back the user supplied stimulus. In a “learning mode,” the user selects “Recall” or “No Recall” (“NR”) after the sleep period. If NR, then the system changes the color of light stimuli, light intensity, flash, audio sound type, audio intensity, and AV. If “Recall” the user supplied stimuli commands are carried out.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTSystems and methods for providing sensory stimuli induce and/or enhance sleep and/or slow wave neural activity of a subject during sleep. Operation of the systems and methods is based on measured information related to cardiac attributes and/or respiratory attributes of the subject, and corresponding cardiac parameters and/or respiratory parameters based thereon. Attributes may be measured and/or monitored via one or more sensors, e.g. worn on an extremity of the subject and/or placed at a distance from the subject. Sensory stimulation delivered to the subject during specific targeted periods of sleep may enhance slow wave neural activity.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA manometer with a cadence indicator includes a housing and a gas pressure indicator interfaced to the housing. An input port of the housing is for connecting the manometer to a source of gas pressure, such that the gas pressure at the input port is reflected in the gas pressure indicator, providing a pressure reading. A cadence module is interfaced to the housing such that cadence is provided concurrently with the local of the gas pressure indicator in two cadence pulse frequencies, one for timing of chest compressions and one for timing of administration of breaths. Cadence is provided visually or audibly.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA method of performing bariatric surgery includes inserting a gastrectomy device into a stomach of a patient, positioning the gastrectomy device in a selected location in the stomach, transecting a portion of the stomach thereby reducing a size of the stomach, and applying a reinforcement scaffold to an outer surface of the stomach. The reinforcement scaffold is configured to maintain the reduced size of the stomach.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn implant is disclosed. The implant includes a reinforcement component attached to a sheet component. The sheet component is formed as a porous and fibrous material. The implant is adapted to be implanted on an area of a penis having Peyronie's plaques excised. The implant will elongate during erection of the penis and contract when the penis returns to a flaccid state. The reinforcement component includes a longitudinal rod and a transverse connector, with the longitudinal rod providing column strength to the implant and the sheet component providing support for penile tissue.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTDescribed are devices, implants, kits, and related methods for treating pelvic conditions such as urinary in incontinence, in a male or a female patient. The invention includes, in one embodiment, a multi-piece implant, including a tissue support piece, extension portion, and one or more self-fixating tips. The device may be employed through a medial incision in the pelvic region of the patient.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn implant or sling sheath system having an overlapping sheath material is provided. The sheath can include two telescoping or overlapping sections. The overlapping sections can include at least one release feature to eliminate or reduce sticking of the overlapping sections together during use.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTHearing protection combined with head motion tracking for magnetic resonance (MR) procedures is provided. Trackable earplugs include an MR-visible sample combined with a passive resonant circuit. The trackable earplugs act as wireless markers for the MR system. A third wireless MR marker can be disposed on the forehead of the subject to facilitate motion tracking in six degrees of freedom (i.e., 3 rotations, 3 translations). Preferably, the coordinate system for motion tracking is rotated relative to standard MR coordinates to ensure distinct tracking peaks from the two trackable earplugs.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTAt an imaging site an imaging device (14) generates an image of a subject (4) and an imaging light markers generation device (6) generates light markers at locations on a surface of the subject before an interventional procedure is performed. At an interventional site an interventional light markers generation device (17) generates light markers at the locations on the surface of the subject (4) and a localization device (25, 27) determines the position of a catheter during the interventional procedure. A position determination unit (29) then determines the position of the catheter within the pre-interventional image based on the position of the catheter determined by the localization device and provided spatial relations between the devices used for generating the image and the light markers and for localizing the catheter. This allows showing the position of the catheter within the pre-interventional image without necessarily using x-rays.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA display may display a region of an anatomy that is not within the field of effect of an instrument. The additional views may assist in determining a location and orientation of an instrument. The instrument may be tracked with a tracking system to make the determination of image date to display
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA method of generating a patient-specific prosthetic includes receiving anatomic imaging data representative of a portion of a patient's anatomy. A first digital representation of the anatomic imaging data is defined. The first digital representation of the anatomic imaging data is modified. A second digital representation of the portion of the patient's anatomy is defined based on the modifying of the first digital representation of the anatomic imaging data. A patient-specific prosthetic template of the portion of the patient's anatomy is generated based at least in part on the second digital representation of the anatomic imaging data.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA method and system for performing a biopsy guided by a 3D image of the object obtained from digital tomosynthesis is performed. The method includes applying a compression paddle to an object; performing a tomosynthesis scan; reconstructing at least a portion of the scan; locating a lesion using a displayed or reprojected marker to determine a location of the lesion; correlating the location of the lesion in the scan to a marker on the compression paddle or tool holder; and proposing a needle entry point of a biopsy tool based off of the correlation so that a needle or penetration device will effectively reach the lesion or target if it is inserted at the proposed entry point. A system for performing a biopsy is further disclosed. In one embodiment, the system comprises: a tomosynthesis imaging apparatus for performing a tomosynthesis scan comprising an x-ray source and an x-ray detector; at least one marker; a compression paddle; a controller; and a display screen for displaying at least a portion of a reproduction of a tomosynthesis scan generated by the imaging apparatus, wherein (i) the at least one marker is displayed on the reproduction, the marker being used to determine a lesion location or target, and (ii) the controller correlates the lesion location or target with the at least one marker and generates a proposed needle entry point based on the correlation so that a needle or penetration device will effectively reach the lesion or target if it is inserted at the proposed entry point.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA catheter and handle assembly for use in treating tissue. More specifically, the invention relates to a catheter assembly having an elongate shaft, ablation assembly coupled to one end of the shaft, and a handle coupled to the other end of the shaft. The handle facilitates both axial and circumferential positioning of the ablation assembly via the shaft in an airway, conduit, or vessel for treatment of the tissue. Embodiments include the use of a handle to facilitate the axial and circumferential positioning of the shaft and ablation assembly through and independent of a working channel of a bronchoscope during treatment for pulmonary disease like COPD and asthma.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTEmbodiments of the present invention provide a device and a method for treating at least one of hypertension, pulmonary arteries, diabetes, obesity, heart failure, end-stage renal disease, digestive disease, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, urological disease, cancers, tumors, pain, asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease by delivering an effective amount of a formulation to a tissue. In embodiments of the present invention, the formulation may include at least one of a gas, a vapor, a liquid, a solution, an emulsion, or a suspensions of one or more ingredients. In embodiments of the present invention, amounts of the formulation and or energy are effective to injure or damage tissue, nerves, and nerve endings in order to relieve disease symptoms.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTHeadache treatment methods are described and include providing, an energy delivery device; locating a secondary or higher-order branch of a postganglionic nerve that provides innervation for a patient's head, by identifying a target region of the patient's head that includes the nerve branch; positioning, within the target region, a portion of the energy delivery device; and applying, from the positioned portion of the energy delivery device to the target region, an amount of energy effective to result in a stimulation activity of the nerve branch; and, after observing the stimulated nerve branch activity, delivering, from the energy delivery device to the nerve branch, energy in an amount effective to reduce a headache severity in the patient.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTMethods of applying a locking cap to a bone anchor assembly. The bone anchor assembly includes a bone anchor and an elongate rod. The bone anchor includes a body that defines a channel and has a tissue retractor coupled thereto that defines a partial pathway to the channel.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA needle for invasive medical use includes a long extended cylindrical needle shaft having an axis and an outer surface area, with a short shaft end at a first end of the shaft with a beveled tip with a pointed end, and a needle hub attached to a second end of the shaft including a device to indicate the location of the shaft end during use inside a body. The needle has a flexible joint with a notch within the shaft at the beginning of the shaft end. The device is a displacement sensor for detecting a displacement of the shaft end relative to the rest of the shaft resulted from a force applied to the shaft end when the needle hub is moved and a signal conductor to transmit the detected signals. The invention further describes a needle assembly comprising such a needle and a syringe attached to said needle hub, whereas an evaluation unit is connected to the signal conductor.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA method of forming an access opening through a psoas muscle to a patient's spine includes laterally inserting a stimulating dilator into the psoas muscle. The stimulating dilator has a stimulation channel formed in an outer surface thereof. An electrical pulse is transmitted via an EMG into the stimulating dilator to locate a position of a nerve in the patient's psoas muscle. The stimulating dilator is laterally inserted through the psoas muscle and toward the patient's spine in a way that avoids the nerve. A stimulating probe is inserted into the stimulation channel along the outer surface of the stimulating dilator while transmitting an electrical pulse via the EMG into the stimulating probe to verify the position of the nerve.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn illuminated surgical retractor embodiment includes a blade, a handle, a curved section and an illumination assembly. The blade has a top surface and a bottom surface. The handle extends at an angle from a proximal end of the blade. The curved section connects the handle to the blade. The illumination assembly includes at least one light source, at least one battery and an activation device for energizing the light source. In an embodiment, the blade, handle, and curved section are molded from a radiolucent polymer.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn illuminated surgical retractor embodiment includes a blade, a handle, a curved section and an illumination assembly. The blade has a top surface and a bottom surface. The handle extends at an angle from a proximal end of the blade. The curved section connects the handle to the blade. The illumination assembly includes at least one light source, at least one battery and an activation device for energizing the light source. In an embodiment, the blade, handle, and curved section are molded from a glass-fiber reinforced polymer.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA biopsy device includes a needle extending distally from a body. The needle includes a transverse aperture, a first lumen, and a second lumen. A cutter is movable within the first lumen to sever tissue protruding through the transverse aperture. A valve assembly is operable to change the pneumatic state of the second lumen. The valve assembly includes a valve body and a translating member slidably disposed in a bore of the valve body. The valve body includes a first port and a second port. The first port is in fluid communication with the second lumen of the needle. The second port is in fluid communication with atmospheric air. The translating member selectively couples the first port with the second port based on the longitudinal position of the translating member within the bore. The translating member translates relative to the valve body based on the position of the cutter.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTWith the Quantified Self movement becoming prevalent, more people are looking to incorporate technology to acquire data regarding aspects of a person's daily life in terms of inputs (e.g. food consumed, quality of surrounding air), states (e.g. blood oxygen levels, body temperature), and/or performance. This self-monitoring concept combines wearable sensors with computing devices to produce an output to improve daily functioning. Disclosed is a device that senses and measures the created cavity temperature (CCT) within an artificial cavity in the wearer's body. This current device provides a wearable thermometer that measures temperature for a convenient, comfortable method of continuously tracking the wearer's temperature.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA method and an apparatus for adjusting an ultrasound image setting are are provided. A method and an apparatus for adjusting an ultrasound image setting provide an interface configured to apply or adjust an image parameter related to an ultrasound image such that a plurality of image parameters (for example, a frame rate, an image quality, and so on) related to the ultrasound image can be simultaneously adjusted by only one operation (a single input signal).
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTFor mixed mode imaging, the ultrasound scanner distinguishes between times when different modes of imaging are appropriate based on motion or transducer usage. Any switching between modes, such as between B-mode and mixed mode imaging, occurs automatically based on the detection by the ultrasound scanner of motion, alleviating the need for sonographer manual selection.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTDisclosed herein is an ultrasonic imaging apparatus. The ultrasonic imaging apparatus includes an image restoration unit to perform image restoration on at least one beamformed ultrasound image, an image restoration performance estimation unit to estimate an image restoration performance based on the beamformed ultrasound image and setting information regarding ultrasound image acquisition, and an adaptive postprocessing unit to perform adaptive postprocessing on a result image acquired by the image restoration based on the estimated image restoration performance and thus resolution of a restored image and signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) may be enhanced.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTSound detecting devices are disclosed. Methods of using sound detecting devices are also disclosed.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTA method and system for automatic non-invasive estimation of shear modulus and viscosity of biological tissue from shear-wave imaging is disclosed. Shear-wave images are acquired to evaluate the mechanical properties of an organ of a patient. Shear-wave propagation in the tissue in the shear-wave images is simulated based on shear modulus and viscosity values for the tissue using a computational model of shear-wave propagation. The simulated shear-wave propagation is compared to observed shear-wave propagation in the shear-wave images of the tissue using a cost function. Patient-specific shear modulus and viscosity values for the tissue are estimated to optimize the cost function comparing the simulated shear-wave propagation to the observed shear-wave propagation.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTProvided is a non-invasive imaging apparatus of acquiring an image of a region of interest of an object, including: a laser supplying a laser beam; a fiber bundle transmitting the laser beam to the region of interest of the object; a transducer detecting an ultrasound signal output from the region of interest of the object corresponding to the laser beam supplied from the fiber bundle and generating and outputting an ultrasound detection signal; and an ultrasound device generating and outputting a photoacoustic image by using the ultrasound detection signal output from the transducer, wherein the region of interest of the object is a gastrointestinal track of an animal, wherein the transducer detects the ultrasound signal of the gastrointestinal track of the animal into which a contrast agent is injected, and wherein the photoacoustic image is an image of the region of interest into which the contrast agent is injected.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTIn order to obtain a high-resolution ultrasound diagnostic image while reducing the back side reflection of a ultrasound irradiated to the side opposite to the ultrasound transmission direction of an ultrasound transmission/reception device, disclosed is an ultrasound probe, wherein a substrate is provided thereon with a cavity, insulation layers having the cavity therebetween, and an upper layer electrode and a lower layer electrode having the cavity and the insulation layers therebetween, so as to form an ultrasound vibration element, the substrate is held by a backing with a low-modulus member therebetween, and a direct voltage and a alternating voltage are applied between the electrodes to vibrate the ultrasound vibration element, and wherein a mechanical impedance by the substrate and the low-modulus member has a substantially equal value as an acoustic impedance of the backing.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTProvided are an ultrasound probe, an element circuit thereof, and an ultrasound diagnostic device, whereby high image quality is possible and reduced size and lower cost are made possible. Provided is an ultrasound probe, comprising: a 2-D array transducer wherein a plurality of transducers are arrayed two-dimensionally; and a 2-D array IC in which are formed, upon an IC substrate, drive circuits which are disposed upon each of the transducers of the 2-D array transducer to drive each of the transducers at different timings with a prescribed delay quantity, and common current sources which supply drive current to the transducers of the 2-D array transducer. The number n of the common current sources which are formed upon the IC substrate is fewer than the number N of the drive circuits which are formed upon the IC substrate.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTAn ultrasonic medical monitoring device may include: at least one ultrasonic probe attached to a body surface of a subject to scan the body surface and acquire an echo signal; a blood pressure measuring module to measure a blood pressure parameter of the subject; a processing module to receive the echo signal and process the echo signal into a blood flow parameter, the processing module being further configured to calculate a myocardial mechanic parameter according to the blood flow parameter and the blood pressure parameter; and a display module coupled to the processing module to display the blood pressure parameter, the blood flow parameter, and the myocardial mechanic parameter. The present device and method acquire the blood pressure parameter and the blood flow parameter using ultrasound and a blood pressure synchronous detection technique, and the myocardial mechanics parameters such as the systolic maximum elastance are calculated by a computer.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTThe present invention relates to the field of biomedical signal processing, specifically, a device and method of implementation for enhancing the accuracy of fetal heart rate acceleration data recognition. The present invention comprises: collecting fetal heart rate data in a pre-configured period so as to obtain a fetal heart rate data sequence, H(n); performing baseline identification on the fetal heart rate sequence, H(n), to obtain a fetal heart rate baseline data sequence, B(n); pre-processing the fetal heart rate data sequence, H(n), to obtain a pre-processed fetal heart rate data sequence, C(n); performing acceleration recognition on the pre-processed fetal heart rate data sequence, C(n), according to pre-configured acceleration determination criteria and the fetal heart rate baseline data sequence, B(n), to obtain acceleration data segments; calculating an acceleration attribute value for each of the acceleration data segments, and outputting each acceleration data segment and the acceleration attribute value calculation result thereof. The technical solution provided by the present invention effectively distinguishes the variations between the accelerations and the baseline, accurately recognizes each acceleration in continuous accelerations, and avoids the situations of the detected number of fetal heart rate data accelerations being lower than the actual number or being mistaken due to current methods, thereby enhancing the accuracy in recognizing fetal heart rate curve accelerations.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTDisclosed is an ultrasound image display apparatus and method which provides a user with a 3D image enabling a tubular tissue to be easily diagnosed, thereby easily diagnosing whether a disease occurs in the tubular tissue. The ultrasound image display apparatus includes an image processor that generates a first image three-dimensionally representing a surface constituting a tubular tissue on a reference plane, based on ultrasound data corresponding to an object including the tubular tissue and a display that displays the first image.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDTSystems and methods are disclosed for determining individual-specific blood flow characteristics. One method includes acquiring, for each of a plurality of individuals, individual-specific anatomic data and blood flow characteristics of at least part of the individual's vascular system; executing a machine learning algorithm on the individual-specific anatomic data and blood flow characteristics for each of the plurality of individuals; relating, based on the executed machine learning algorithm, each individual's individual-specific anatomic data to functional estimates of blood flow characteristics; acquiring, for an individual and individual-specific anatomic data of at least part of the individual's vascular system; and for at least one point in the individual's individual-specific anatomic data, determining a blood flow characteristic of the individual, using relations from the step of relating individual-specific anatomic data to functional estimates of blood flow characteristics.