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Design Methodology and Method and Apparatus for Signaling with Capacity Optimized Constellations

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Communication systems are described that use geometrically shaped constellations that have increased capacity compared to conventional constellations operating within a similar SNR band. In several embodiments, the geometrically shaped is optimized based upon a capacity measure such as parallel decoding capacity or joint capacity. In many embodiments, a capacity optimized geometrically shaped constellation can be used to replace a conventional constellation as part of a firmware upgrade to transmitters and receivers within a communication system. In a number of embodiments, the geometrically shaped constellation is optimized for an Additive White Gaussian Noise channel or a fading channel. In numerous embodiments, the communication uses adaptive rate encoding and the location of points within the geometrically shaped constellation changes as the code rate changes. One embodiment of the invention includes a transmitter configured to transmit signals to a receiver via a communication channel, wherein the transmitter, includes a coder configured to receive user bits and output encoded bits at an expanded output encoded bit rate, a mapper configured to map encoded bits to symbols in a symbol constellation, a modulator configured to generate a signal for transmission via the communication channel using symbols generated by the mapper. In addition, the receiver includes a demodulator configured to demodulate the received signal via the communication channel, a demapper configured to estimate likelihoods from the demodulated signal, a decoder that is configured to estimate decoded bits from the likelihoods generated by the demapper. Furthermore, the symbol constellation is a capacity optimized geometrically spaced symbol constellation that provides a given capacity at a reduced signal-to-noise ratio compared to a signal constellation that maximizes dmin.



INHERITANCE IN SAMPLE ARRAY MULTITREE SUBDIVISION

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A better compromise between encoding complexity and achievable rate distortion ratio, and/or to achieve a better rate distortion ratio is achieved by using multitree sub-divisioning not only in order to subdivide a continuous area, namely the sample array, into leaf regions, but using the intermediate regions also to share coding parameters among the corresponding collocated leaf blocks. By this measure, coding procedures performed in tiles—leaf regions—locally, may be associated with coding parameters individually without having to, however, explicitly transmit the whole coding parameters for each leaf region separately. Rather, similarities may effectively exploited by using the multitree subdivision.



REDUCING LATENCY IN VIDEO ENCODING AND DECODING

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Techniques and tools for reducing latency in video encoding and decoding by constraining latency due to reordering of video frames, and by indicating the constraint on frame reordering latency with one or more syntax elements that accompany encoded data for the video frames. For example, a real-time communication tool with a video encoder sets a syntax element that indicates a constraint on frame reordering latency, which is consistent with inter-frame dependencies between multiple frames of a video sequence, then outputs the syntax element. A corresponding real-time communication tool with a video decoder receives the syntax element that indicates the constraint on frame reordering latency, determines the constraint on frame reordering latency based on the syntax element, and uses the constraint on frame reordering latency to determine when a reconstructed frame is ready for output (in terms of output order).



SIGNALING LAYER IDENTIFIERS FOR OPERATION POINTS IN VIDEO CODING

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Techniques described herein are related to coding layer identifiers for operation points in video coding. In one example, a method of decoding video data is provided. The method comprises decoding syntax elements in a video parameter set (VPS) within a conforming bitstream indicating a first operation point having a first set of content. The method further comprises decoding, if present, syntax elements in the VPS within the conforming bitstream indicating hypothetical reference decoder (HRD) parameter information having a second set of content for the first operation point, wherein the conforming bitstream does not include syntax elements in the VPS that duplicate at least one of the first or second set of content for a second operation point, and wherein decoding syntax elements comprises decoding the syntax elements indicating the first operation point and the HRD parameter information only within conforming bitstreams.



Resource Efficient Video Processing via Prediction Error Computational Adjustments

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A video processing system dynamically adjusts video processing prediction error reduction computations in accordance with the amount of motion represented in a set of image data and/or available memory resources to store compressed video data. In at least one embodiment, video processing system adjusts utilization of prediction error computational resources based on the size of a prediction error between a first set of image data, such as current set of image data being processed, and a reference set of image data relative to an amount of motion in a current set of image data. Additionally, in at least one embodiment, the video processing adjusts utilization of prediction error computation resources based upon a fullness level of a data buffer relative to the amount of motion in the current set of image data.



IMAGE PROCESSING APPARATUS AND METHOD

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

There is provided an image processing apparatus which includes a division unit dividing an image into a plurality of images in a bit depth direction, and an encoding unit encoding respectively some or all of the plurality of images acquired by dividing the image in the bit depth direction by the division unit.



Video Encoding Method, Video Decoding Method, Video Encoding Apparatus, Video Decoding Apparatus, Video Encoding Program, And Video Decoding Program

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A video encoding apparatus is a video encoding apparatus which, when encoding an encoding target picture which is one frame of a multi-view video including videos of a plurality of different views, performs encoding while performing prediction between different views, for each of encoding target areas which are areas into which the encoding target picture is divided, using a reference view picture which is a picture for a reference view different from a view of the encoding target picture and a depth map for an object in the multi-view video, and includes a representative depth setting unit which sets a representative depth from the depth map, a transformation matrix setting unit which sets a transformation matrix that transforms a position on the encoding target picture into a position on the reference view picture based on the representative depth, a representative position setting unit which sets a representative position from a position within each of the encoding target areas, a disparity information setting unit which sets disparity information between the view of the encoding target and the reference view for each of the encoding target areas using the representative position and the transformation matrix, and a prediction picture generation unit which generates a prediction picture for each of the encoding target areas using the disparity information.



METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ENCODING/DECODING VIDEO USING HIGH-PRECISION FILTER

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A video decoding apparatus includes: a decoder to extract motion information on a current block to be decoded and a quantized frequency-transformed block from a bitstream; an inverse quantizer to reconstruct a frequency-transformed block based on inversely quantizing the quantized frequency-transformed block; an inverse transformer to reconstruct a residual block based on inversely transforming the frequency-transformed block; a predictor to determine a motion vector of the current block based on the extracted motion information, and generate a prediction block based on interpolating chroma sub-samples of a reference block referenced by the motion vector of the current block; and an adder to reconstruct the current block based on adding the reconstructed residual block and the prediction block.



IMAGE PROCESSING DEVICE AND METHOD

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

The present technique relates to an image processing device and method for preventing increases in the processing load of image encoding and decoding. The image processing device includes: a temporal prediction control unit that controls, in a prediction of a motion vector, whether a temporal prediction is to be performed to predict the motion vector by using the motion vector of a neighbor region temporally adjacent to the current region being processed; and a motion vector encoding unit that predicts the motion vector of the current region by performing only a spatial prediction to predict the motion vector from the motion vector of a neighbor region spatially adjacent to the current region or performing both the spatial prediction and the temporal prediction under the control of the temporal prediction control unit, and encodes the motion vector of the current region by using the predicted value. This disclosure can be applied to image processing devices.



MERGE CANDIDATE DERIVATION DEVICE, IMAGE DECODING DEVICE, AND IMAGE CODING DEVICE

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Since complexity is high in derivation of an enhancement merge candidate which is a scalable merge candidate, a problem may arise in that a processing amount is large when the enhancement merge candidate is used in a case where a prediction unit in which it is necessary to derive many merge candidates is small. In a merge candidate derivation section including an enhancement merge candidate section that derives a merge candidate referring to an inter-layer picture and a base merge candidate derivation section that derives a merge candidate not referring to an inter-layer picture (referring to the temporary picture or the adjacent block of the same layer), the merge candidate derived from the base merge candidate and the merge candidate derived from the enhancement merge candidate are added to a merge candidate list in a case where the size of a prediction unit is greater than a predetermined size. The merge candidate derived from the base merge candidate is added to the merge candidate list in a case where the size of the prediction unit is equal to or less than the predetermined size.



VIDEO ENCODER MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Innovations in how a host application and video encoder share information and use shared information during video encoding are described. The innovations can help the video encoder perform certain encoding operations and/or help the host application control overall encoding quality and performance. For example, the host application provides regional motion information to the video encoder, which the video encoder can use to speed up motion estimation operations for units of a current picture and more generally improve the accuracy and quality of motion estimation. Or, as another example, the video encoder provides information about the results of encoding the current picture to the host application, which the host application can use to determine when to start a new group of pictures at a scene change boundary. By sharing information in this way, the host application and the video encoder can improve encoding performance, especially for real-time communication scenarios.



Compression of Light Field Images

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

RAW images and/or light field images may be compressed through the use of specialized techniques. The color depth of a light field image may be reduced through the use of a bit reduction algorithm such as a K-means algorithm. The image may then be retiled to group pixels of similar intensities and/or colors. The retiled image may be padded with extra pixel rows and/or pixel columns as needed, and compressed through the use of an image compression algorithm. The compressed image may be assembled with metadata pertinent to the manner in which compression was done to form a compressed image file. The compressed image file may be decompressed by following the compression method in reverse.



Image Compression Device, Image Compression Method, Image Extension Device, and Image Extension Method

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

An image compression device includes a basic unit setting unit configured to set a basic unit of compression by using each of a plurality of color elements forming colors of pixels of image data independently or combining the plurality of color elements arbitrarily and a compression process unit configured to compress a value of the set basic unit according to an encoding process base on a predetermined rule. A complex process is not executed differently from a video codec or a still image codec according to the related art and the compression is performed by a simple process for encoding values of basic units set for the plurality of color elements forming the colors of the individual pixels, on the basis of the predetermined rule. As a result, a process load of the extension can be reduced as compared with the related art.



Encoding/Transcoding Based on Subjective Video Quality Preferences

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Approaches for encoding/transcoding of digital video based on subjective video quality preferences or display device characteristics or capabilities. A set of esthetic digital video preferences are received from a user via a user interface. The user may be associated with a supplier or provider of digital video or may be a viewer of the digital video. A video quality profile that describes the set of esthetic digital video preferences or the characteristics or capabilities of a display device is created and stored. Upon determining that a video quality profile is associated with a compressed digital video bit stream, a final rate of compression for the compressed digital video bit stream is determined using one or more video quality profiles. In this way, a user's subjective video quality preferences or the characteristics or capabilities of a display device can be considered in encoding/transcoding digital video.



SCALABLE VIDEO CODING SYSTEM WITH PARAMETER SIGNALING

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A method is provided for encoding a digital video to provide for improved color mapping. The digital video has values in a first color space, and the method includes performing a color mapping operation on values in each sub-picture to convert the values in the first color space to values in a second, narrower, color space, wherein the color mapping operation is adapted based on the content of each sub-picture, encoding the values in the second color space into a base layer, performing a reverse color mapping operation on decoded values from the base layer in the second color space in each sub-picture to generate a reconstructed reference frame having values in the first color space, encoding values in the first color space into an enhancement layer based at least in part on the reconstructed reference frame, combining the base layer and the enhancement layer into a bitstream, sending the bitstream to a decoder, and sending one or more parameters to the decoder that describe the adaption of the reverse color mapping operation for at least some sub-pictures.



IMPROVED ENCODING PROCESS USING A PALETTE MODE

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

The present invention is related to video coding and decoding, in particular HEVC RExt that define a palette coding mode dedicated to the coding of screen contents. In improved palette coding modes according to the invention, when building a palette, each time a new pixel is added to the class a palette entry defines, the palette entry is modified to take the means value of the pixels belonging to such class. In other improved palette coding modes, a built palette is post-processed to substitute a palette entry with a close entry of a palette predictor PRED. In yet other embodiments, palette coding modes having different threshold values to drive the building of their respective palettes are successively tested to use the best one in terms of rate-distortion criterion.



Palette Prediction and Sharing in Video Coding

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A method and apparatus for palette prediction and sharing according to the present invention are disclosed. A method incorporating an embodiment of the present invention determines one or more palette sharing flags for the current block. A set of current palettes corresponding to the set of color components is generated according to the palette sharing flags. If a first palette sharing flag is asserted, one or more current palettes indicated by the first palette sharing flag are copied entirely from one or more reference palettes of a set of reference palettes. If the first palette sharing flag is not asserted, one or more current palettes indicated by the first palette sharing flag are derived from a bitstream associated with the video data. Encoding or decoding is then applied to the current block according to the set of current palettes.



CODING OF SIGNIFICANCE MAPS AND TRANSFORM COEFFICIENT BLOCKS

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A higher coding efficiency for coding a significance map indicating positions of significant transform coefficients within a transform coefficient block is achieved by the scan order by which the sequentially extracted syntax elements indicating, for associated positions within the transform coefficient block, as to whether at the respective position a significant or insignificant transform coefficient is situated, are sequentially associated to the positions of the transform coefficient block, among the positions of the transform coefficient block depends on the positions of the significant transform coefficients indicated by previously associated syntax elements. Alternatively, the first-type elements may be context-adaptively entropy decoded using contexts which are individually selected for each of the syntax elements dependent on a number of significant transform coefficients in a neighborhood of the respective syntax element, indicated as being significant by any of the preceding syntax elements.



Video Data Coding and Decoding Methods and Apparatuses

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A decoding method which includes determining a first to-be-decoded information group in a to-be-decoded bitstream, where the first to-be-decoded information group includes data information, attribute information, and location information of the first to-be-decoded information group, determining a reference information group set in a case in which the attribute information represents that the first to-be-decoded information group is a redundant information group, and discarding the first to-be-decoded information group when location information of at least one reference information group in the reference information group set is same as the location information of the first to-be-decoded information group, or parsing the data information when location information of all reference information groups in the reference information group set is different from the location information of the first to-be-decoded information group.



METHOD FOR DECODING IMAGE AND APPARATUS USING SAME

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A method of decoding a image according to an embodiment of the present invention, which supports a plurality of layers, may comprise the steps of: receiving information on a reference layer used to decode a current picture for inter-layer prediction; inducing the number of valid reference layer pictures used to decode the current picture on the basis of the information on the reference layer; and performing inter-layer prediction on the basis of the number of valid reference layer pictures.



METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR COEFFICIENT SCAN BASED ON PARTITION MODE OF PREDICTION UNIT

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Provided are a method and an apparatus for coefficient scan on the base of a partition mode of a prediction unit. The method comprises the steps of: determining a scan method on the basis of a partition mode of a prediction unit; and encoding the information about the scan method, wherein the scan method is determined, on the basis of RDO (Rate Distortion optimization), from among the extracted candidate scan methods which have been extracted with consideration of the shapes of the partitions of the partition mode.



METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR COEFFICIENT SCAN BASED ON PARTITION MODE OF PREDICTION UNIT

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Provided are a method and an apparatus for coefficient scan on the base of a partition mode of a prediction unit. The method comprises the steps of: determining a scan method on the basis of a partition mode of a prediction unit; and encoding the information about the scan method, wherein the scan method is determined, on the basis of RDO (Rate Distortion optimization), from among the extracted candidate scan methods which have been extracted with consideration of the shapes of the partitions of the partition mode.



ADAPTIVE PERCEPTUAL MAPPING AND SIGNALING FOR VIDEO CODING

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A method is provided for encoding a digital video to improve perceptual quality. The method includes receiving a digital video at a video encoder, providing a perceptual quantizer function defined by PQ(L)=(c1+c2Lm11+c3Lm1)m2, wherein L is a luminance value, c1, c2, c3, and m1 are parameters with fixed values, and m2 is a parameter with a variable value, adapting the perceptual quantizer function by adjusting the value of the m2 parameter based on different luminance value ranges found within a coding level of the digital video, encoding the digital video into a bitstream using, in part, the perceptual quantizer function, transmitting the bitstream to a decoder, and transmitting the value of the m2 parameter to the decoder for each luminance value range in the coding level.



CONTROL AND USE OF CHROMA QUANTIZATION PARAMETER VALUES

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Innovations in control and use of chroma quantization parameter (“QP”) values that depend on luma QP values. More generally, the innovations relate to control and use of QP values for a secondary color component that depend on QP values for a primary color component. For example, during encoding, an encoder determines a QP index from a primary component QP and secondary component QP offset. The encoder maps the QP index to a secondary component QP, which has an extended range. The encoder outputs at least part of a bitstream including the encoded content. A corresponding decoder receives at least part of a bitstream including encoded content. During decoding, the decoder determines a QP index from a primary component QP and secondary component QP offset, then maps the QP index to a secondary component QP, which has an extended range.



METHOD AND DEVICE FOR ENCODING A HIGH-DYNAMIC RANGE IMAGE

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

The present disclosure generally relates to a method and device for encoding an image block, characterized in that it comprises: obtaining (101) a low-spatial-frequency version (Llf) of a luminance component of the image block, said the obtained luminance component of the image block; obtaining a quantized luminance component (Lif,Q) of the image block by quantizing (102) the obtained luminance component (Llf) of the image block; obtaining (103) a differential luminance component (Lr) by calculating the difference between the luminance component (L) of the image block and either the quantized luminance component (Lif,Q) of the image block or a decoded version (Lif,Q) of the encoded quantized luminance component of the image block; encoding (104) the quantized luminance component (L,if,Q of the image block using at least one frequency coefficient of a set of frequency coefficients which is usually obtained from a block-based spatial-to-frequency transform for encoding the luminance component of the image block; and encoding (105) the differential luminance component (Lr) using the remaining frequency coefficients of said set of frequency coefficients.



METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR IMAGE COMPRESSION USING IMAGE BLOCK CHARACTERISTICS

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Method and system for adaptive image compression using block characteristics are provided. For adaptive image compression, blocks in an image are quantized and compressed using a quantization table that was used in quantization of the blocks. An image compression system checks a block-characteristics quantization table corresponding to a specific block in the image to be compressed in order to quantize the specific block, and performs calculation using a value of a first element of the quantization table corresponding to a specific element of the specific block and a value of a second element of the checked block-characteristics quantization table corresponding to the specific element in order to quantize the specific element.



ADAPTIVE PRE-FILTERING BASED ON VIDEO COMPLEXITY AND OUTPUT BIT RATE

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Approaches for dynamic pre-filtering of digital video based on video complexity and output bit rate. An adaptive video preprocessor determines a current video complexity of the digital video and an output bit rate. Thereafter, the adaptive video preprocessor dynamically updates the strength of one or more preprocessing filters based on the current video complexity and the output bit rate for the digital video. The adaptive video preprocessor may update the strength of a preprocessing filter based, at least in part, upon selected values of a video quality preference category. A video quality preference category may be assigned natural language values which may each be translated into a particular strength value for at least one of the one or more preprocessing filters.



IMAGE DECODING APPARATUS AND METHOD

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

According to an embodiment, an image decoding apparatus includes a memory, a decoder and a first filter. The memory stores reference pixels based on pixels included in a decoded pixel block. The decoder decodes encoded data in units of pixel blocks using the reference pixels to generate a first decoded pixel block, the first decoded pixel block being adjacent to the reference pixels. The first filter performs a first filtering on only the first decoded pixel block using the first decoded pixel block and part of the reference pixels perpendicularly adjacent to the first decoded pixel block in a scan direction of image decoding processing.



METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ENCODING/DECODING INTRA PREDICTION MODE

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

An image decoding method, according to the present invention, includes the steps of: deriving an MPM candidate mode from neighboring blocks adjacent to a target block to be decoded; generating an MPM list using the MPM candidate mode derived from the neighboring blocks; and deriving an intra prediction mode for the target block to be decoded using the generated MPM list. According to the present invention, image compression efficiency can be improved.



SIGNALING OF SIMPLIFIED DEPTH CODING (SDC) FOR DEPTH INTRA- AND INTER-PREDICTION MODES IN 3D VIDEO CODING

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

This disclosure describes techniques for signaling and processing information indicating simplified depth coding (SDC) for depth intra-prediction and depth inter-prediction modes in a 3D video coding process, such as a process defined by the 3D-HEVC extension to HEVC. In some examples, the disclosure describes techniques for unifying the signaling of SDC for depth intra-prediction and depth inter-prediction modes in 3D video coding. The signaling of SDC can be unified so that a video encoder or video decoder uses the same syntax element for signaling SDC for both the depth intra-prediction mode and the depth inter-prediction mode. Also, in some examples, a video coder may and/or process a residual value generated in the SDC mode using the same syntax structure, or same type of syntax structure, for both the depth intra-prediction mode and depth inter-prediction mode.



Method and Apparatus for Palette Table Prediction

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A method for palette coding is disclosed. In an encoder side, the method determines whether a first block is coded using a palette coding mode or a non-palette coding. If the first block is coded using the non-palette coding mode, a first color table for the first block is derived based on one or more color tables associated with one or more previously processed blocks. If the first block is coded using the palette coding mode, the first color table is derived from the first block. A second block coded after the first block may use the first color table as a palette prediction. At the decoder side, if the current block is coded using the palette coding mode, a first color table based on a previous coded block is derived and the current block is decoded using a first color table as a palette predictor.



Zero-Intermediate Frequency Correction Method, Apparatus, and Device

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A signal receiving apparatus receives a radio frequency signal sent by a signal transmitting apparatus, where the radio frequency signal includes a transmit end image component. The signal receiving apparatus generates a receive end image component after performing down-conversion processing on the radio frequency signal. The signal receiving apparatus separately removes the receive end image component and the transmit end image component by performing quadrature modulation compensation twice.



QUADRATURE AMPLITUDE MODULATION FOR TIME-REVERSAL SYSTEMS

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Time-reversal wireless communication includes: at a base station, receiving a probe signal from a terminal device; generating a signature waveform that is based on a time-reversed signal of a channel response signal derived from the probe signal; performing quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) on a transmit signal to generate a quadrature amplitude modulated signal; and generating a transmission signal based on the quadrature amplitude modulated signal and the signature waveform.



EXPANDING A CAPACITY OF A SINGLE RADIO CHANNEL

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A method of expanding a capacity of a single radio channel, and a radio. The method includes receiving a primary signal and a secondary signal. The method also includes a transmitter modulating the primary signal and the secondary signal. The method further includes the transmitter scaling a power of the secondary signal below a power of the primary signal to create a power differential. The method also includes the transmitter offsetting a carrier frequency of the secondary signal from a carrier frequency of the primary signal to create a carrier frequency offset. The method further includes the transmitter combining the primary signal and the secondary signal to generate a composite signal. The method also includes the transmitter transmitting the composite signal within the single radio channel via an antenna. The antenna is coupled to the transmitter.



SOFTWARE PROGRAMMABLE, MULTI-SEGMENT CAPTURE BANDWIDTH, DELTA-SIGMA MODULATORS FOR FLEXIBLE RADIO COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A cellular radio architecture that includes a multiplexer coupled to an antenna structure and including multiple signal paths, where each signal path includes a bandpass filter that passes a different frequency band than the other bandpass filters and a circulator that provides signal isolation between the transmit signals and the receive signals. The architecture also includes a receiver module having a separate signal channel for each of the signal paths in the multiplexer, where each signal channel in the receiver module includes a receiver delta-sigma modulator that converts analog receive signals to a representative digital signal. The delta-sigma modulator includes an LC filter having a plurality of LC resonator circuits, a plurality of transconductance amplifiers and a plurality of integrator circuits, where a combination of one resonator circuit, transconductance amplifier and integrator circuit represents a two-order stage of the LC filter.



Scrambling Method and Scrambling Apparatus

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

In a scenario of a flexible Ethernet, the number of Ethernet frame streams received by an Ethernet interface of a receiver and a bit width of each Ethernet frame stream may need to be adjusted. A corresponding scrambling circuit is disposed for each data segment in the Ethernet frame streams, so as to separately perform scrambling on each data segment, where the number of bits of each data segment is M. Furthermore, X scrambling circuits corresponding to X data segments in a first Ethernet frame stream may separately calculate scrambling results of the X data segments. Therefore, if an adjusted bit width of each Ethernet frame stream is an integral multiple of M, a corresponding number of scrambling circuits may be reconfigured to perform scrambling on each adjusted Ethernet frame stream.



METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SOFT DETECTION OF HIGH ORDER QAM SYMBOLS IN MIMO CHANNELS

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Methods and apparatus for soft MIMO detection of high order QAM with initial candidate reduction are described. A method includes receiving a plurality of signals including Q-order QAM symbols; determining a reduced candidate set including C potential candidates, where C is less than Q; calculating Euclidean distances (EDs) based on the reduced candidate set; and generating LLR information based on the calculated EDs.



METHODS AND DEVICES FOR CHANNEL ESTIMATION AND OFDM RECEIVER

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A method (200) for channel estimation includes receiving (201) a receive symbol (206) comprising: a plurality of interfering transmissions from: a first transmit symbol (202), the first transmit symbol (202) comprising a plurality of unknown modulated symbols interleaved with a plurality of known modulated symbols and a second transmit symbol (204), the second transmit symbol (204) comprising a plurality of unknown modulated symbols interleaved with a plurality of known modulated symbols, wherein the plurality of transmissions from the first transmit symbol (202) and the second transmit symbol (204) are a plurality of transmissions of different time instances; and estimating (203) a channel based on the receive symbol (206) and a plurality of estimates of the first transmit symbol (202) and the second transmit symbol (204).



A TRANSMITTER FOR TRANSMITTING A HIGH-RATE DATA TRANSMISSION THROUGH DIRECT EXCITATION

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

One aspect is a circuit for tuning a resonance frequency of an electrically small antenna and directly exciting the electrically small antenna. The circuit includes a first source configured for providing a constant voltage. The circuit also includes an antenna and a switched capacitor configured for being alternatively alternately coupled to the first source to be charged thereby and to the antenna for exciting the antenna. Another aspect is a transmitter for transmitting a wireless signal using an antenna without using a variable voltage source to excite the antenna. The transmitter includes a first source configured for providing a constant voltage. The transmitter further includes an antenna and a switched capacitor configured for being alternately coupled to the first source to be charged thereby and to the antenna for exciting the antenna and for tuning a resonance frequency of the antenna.



Digital system for estimating signal non-energy parameters using a digital Phase Locked Loop

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A digital system of measuring parameters of the signal (phase, frequency and frequency derivative) received in additive mixture with Gaussian noise. The system is based on the use of variables of a PLL for calculating preliminary estimates of parameters and calculating the corrections for these estimates when there is a spurt frequency caused by a receiver motion with a jerk. A jerk is determined if the low pass filtered signal of the discriminator exceeds a certain threshold. The jerk-correction decreases the dynamic errors. Another embodiment includes a tracking filter for obtaining preliminary estimates of parameters to reduce the fluctuation errors. Estimates are taken from the tracking filter when there is no jerk and from the block of jerk-corrections when there is a jerk.



TRANSMISSION METHOD,TRANSMISSION DEVICE, RECEIVING METHOD, AND RECEIVING DEVICE

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A transmitting device and a receiving device wherein, on the transmitting side, a signal creation unit creates, as its output, a signal generated adding up the signals assuming that different data has passed through multiple virtual channels and, on the receiving side, oversampling is performed, the sampled data is distributed, and signals are detected assuming that the distributed data is the output of multiple virtual reception antennas.



Method for Acquiring Channel Information, Apparatus, and System

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Embodiments of the present disclosure provide a method for acquiring channel information, an apparatus, and a system, relate to the communications field, and can reduce overhead of pilot signals in a process of acquiring channel state information. In various embodiments, a base station selects first preset antennas from an antenna array, maps the first preset antennas to pilot signals, and sends the pilot signals and antenna configuration information to a terminal, and the terminal obtains channel state information of second preset antennas by means of calculation according to the pilot signals and the antenna configuration information. The present disclosure can be applied for acquiring channel state information.



BEAMFORMING APPARATUS, METHOD AND COMPUTER PROGRAM FOR A TRANSCEIVER

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Embodiments provide an apparatus, a method and a computer program for the transceiver of a mobile communication system. The apparatus (10) is operable in a first transceiver (100) of a mobile communication system. The apparatus (10) comprises a transceiver module (12) comprising interfaces to a plurality of transmit antennas (15). The transceiver module (12) is operable to subdivide the plurality of transmit antennas (15) in a plurality of subgroups using the interfaces, and to form a set of first beam patterns (16) using one or more transmit antennas of a subgroup. The apparatus (10) further comprises a control module (14) operable to determine information related to a quality of a radio link between the first transceiver (100) and the second transceiver (200). The control module (14) is further operable to determine a second beam pattern (18) for communicating with the second transceiver (200) using two or more beam patterns from the set of first beam patterns (16). A number of first beam patterns used to determine the second beam pattern (18) is based on the information related to the quality of the radio link between the first transceiver (100) and the second transceiver (200). The control module (14) is further operable to communicate with the second transceiver (200) using the second beam pattern (18) and the transceiver module (12).



BEAMFORMING USING BASE AND DIFFERENTIAL CODEBOOKS

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Embodiments of methods and apparatus for determining and/or quantizing a beamforming matrix are disclosed. In some embodiments, the determining and/or quantizing of the beamforming matrix may include the use of a base codebook and a differential codebook. Additional variants and embodiments are also disclosed.



DIGITAL BEAM-FORMING NETWORK HAVING A REDUCED COMPLEXITY AND ARRAY ANTENNA COMPRISING THE SAME

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

A digital beam-forming network (DBF) for an array antenna having N>1 antenna ports (EP), to be associated to respective antenna elements (RE), and M≧1 beam ports (BP), corresponding to respective antenna beams (AB), said digital beam-forming network comprising a plurality of complex weighting elements (CWE-SE, CWE-SB, CWE-SESB) interconnected through summing nodes (SN); wherein at least one of said complex weighting element is connected to either two antenna ports, to be associated to respective antenna elements which are arranged symmetrically with respect to said symmetry axis, or two beam ports corresponding to respective antenna beams pointing toward directions which are symmetrical with respect to said symmetry axis, or both. An array antenna comprising N antenna elements, NS of which are arranged according to an array pattern having a symmetry axis, NS being an even integer different from zero, and such a digital beam-forming network.



AUTOMATIC ANTENNA SECTOR-LEVEL SWEEP IN AN IEEE 802.11AD SYSTEM

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Techniques for performing automatic antenna sector-level sweep switching are described herein. According to an embodiment, an apparatus comprises a lookup table for storing a set of antenna configuration entries and a sector-level sweep (SLS) controller implemented in hardware that is communicatively coupled to the lookup table. The SLS sweep controller is operative to read an antenna configuration entry from the set of antenna configuration entries stored in the lookup table and output control signals to configure a set of one or more antennas based on the antenna configuration entry. The SLS controller is further operative to switch between different antenna configuration entries in the set of antenna configuration entries stored in the lookup table in response to a signal from a timing source thereby periodically changing the configuration of the set of one or more antennas.



SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING SELECTION OF NETWORK DEVICES FOR BEAMFORMING

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

According to one embodiment of the invention, a network device comprises a plurality of antenna elements, one or more hardware processors, and a memory communicatively coupled to the one or more hardware processors. The memory comprises selective beamforming grouping logic that, upon execution by the one or more processors, aggregates a plurality of beamforming-enabled client devices within a coverage area of the network device. Furthermore, the selective beamforming grouping logic further categorizes the plurality of beamforming-enabled client devices into a plurality of groups based on a data transfer rate level supported by each of the plurality of beamforming-enabled client devices, determines a subset of client devices within a first group of the plurality of groups associated with a lowest data transfer rate level, and applies transmit beamforming simultaneously or at least concurrently for each client device of the subset of client devices.



INTERACTIVE METHOD FOR COMMUNICATION WITH SMART MOBILE DEVICE AND INTERACTIVE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM USING THE SAME

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

An interactive method for communication with a smart mobile device and an interactive communication system using the same are provided. The interactive communication system comprises an external device and a smart mobile device. The external device comprises a microprocessor circuit and an AC magnetic emitter. The microprocessor circuit is for encoding specific data into an encoded signal. The AC magnetic emitter is for converting the encoded signal into an AC magnetic signal. The smart mobile device comprises an E-compass sensor. In addition, the smart mobile device stores a specific application program for acquiring a magnetic variation of the E-compass sensor. When the magnetic variation of the E-compass sensor is greater than a threshold variation, the AC magnetic signal is decoded through the specific application program to obtain the specific data.



PASSIVE ELECTRICAL COUPLING DEVICE AND METHODS FOR USE THEREWITH

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Aspects of the subject disclosure may include, for example, a coupling device includes a circuit that receives a signal. At least one passive electrical circuit element generates an electromagnetic field in response to the signal. A portion of the electromagnetic field is guided by a surface of a transmission medium to propagate as a guided electromagnetic wave longitudinally along the transmission medium. Other embodiments are disclosed.



PASSIVE ELECTRICAL COUPLING DEVICE AND METHODS FOR USE THEREWITH

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 08:00:00 EDT

Aspects of the subject disclosure may include, for example, a coupling device includes a circuit that receives a signal. At least one passive electrical circuit element generates an electromagnetic field in response to the signal. A portion of the electromagnetic field is guided by a surface of a transmission medium to propagate as a guided electromagnetic wave longitudinally along the transmission medium. Other embodiments are disclosed.