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Magnetometer calibration

Tue, 05 Jan 2016 08:00:00 EST

A real-time calibration system and method for a mobile device having an onboard magnetometer uses an estimator to estimate magnetometer calibration parameters and a magnetic field external to the mobile device (e.g., the earth magnetic field). The calibration parameters can be used to calibrate uncalibrated magnetometer readings output from the onboard magnetometer. The external magnetic field can be modeled as a weighted combination of a past estimate of the external magnetic field and the asymptotic mean of that magnetic field, perturbed by a random noise (e.g., Gaussian random noise). The weight can be adjusted based on a measure of the statistical uncertainty of the estimated calibration parameters and the estimated external magnetic field. The asymptotic mean of the external magnetic field can be modeled as a time average of the estimated external magnetic field.



Wiring board for electronic parts inspecting device and its manufacturing method

Tue, 27 Oct 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A wiring board for an electronic parts inspecting device that can be designed and produced relatively quickly, inexpensively, and with few jigs is provided. In certain embodiments the wiring board includes a base board made of an insulating material having a front surface and a back surface, the base board including a plurality of first via conductors as well as first terminals on the front surface and outer terminals on the back surface that are connected to the ends of the first via conductors, and a mounting board on the front surface of the base board having a front side that includes, a plurality of probe pads, a plurality of second terminals that are electrically connected to the first terminals of the base board, and front surface wirings that connect the probe pads to the second terminals. Lastly, a method of manufacturing the same is provided.



Rotation angle detection device

Tue, 01 Sep 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A rotation angle calculation unit includes a first rotation angle calculation portion, a second rotation angle calculation portion, a third rotation angle calculation portion, an abnormality monitoring portion, and a final rotation angle calculation portion. The abnormality monitoring portion determines, based on a first output signal, a second output signal, and a third output signal, whether the first to third output signals are each normal or abnormal. The final rotation angle calculation portion calculates a final rotation angle based on the final determination result obtained by the abnormality monitoring portion and the first to third rotation angles calculated by the first to third rotation angle calculation portions, respectively.



Low-power activation circuit with magnetic motion sensor

Tue, 28 Jul 2015 08:00:00 EDT

One embodiment of the present invention relates to a method and apparatus to perform a low power activation of a system by measuring the slope of a digital signal corresponding to a motion sensor measurement value. In one embodiment, a low power activation circuit is coupled to magnetic motion sensor configured to output a magnetic signal proportional to a measured magnetic field. The low power activation circuit may comprise a digital tracking circuit configured to provide a digital signal that tracks the magnetic field and a difference detector configured to detect a difference between a current digital signal and a prior digital signal stored in a digital storage means. If the detected difference is larger than a digital reference level, an activation signal is output to awaken a system from a sleep mode.



Locate transmitter configured to detect out-of-tolerance conditions in connection with underground facility locate operations, and associated methods and systems

Tue, 30 Jun 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A locate transmitter and method for performing a locate operation to detect a presence or absence of an underground facility. An applied signal is generated to be applied along the underground facility. One or more environmental conditions of an environment in which the transmitted is located are detected and compared to a target value or range of values to determine if an out-of-tolerance condition exists.



Magnetic field sensor and method used in a magnetic field sensor that adjusts a sensitivity and/or an offset over temperature

Tue, 09 Jun 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A magnetic field sensor and a method associated with the magnetic field sensor provide gain correction coefficients and/or offset correction coefficients stored in the magnetic field sensor in digital form. The gain correction coefficients and/or offset correction coefficients can be used to generate analog control signals to control a sensitivity and/or an offset of an analog signal path through the magnetic field sensor.



Resolution programmable dynamic IR-drop sensor with peak IR-drop tracking abilities

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A data processing system on an integrated circuit includes a core that performs switching operations responsive to a system clock that draws current from the power supply network. An IR-drop detector includes a resistor ladder having outputs representative of an IR-drop caused by the core during the switching operations. The system further includes a plurality of amplifiers coupled to the outputs indicative of the IR-drop, a plurality of flip-flops coupled to the amplifiers, and a variable clock generator. The variable clock generator outputs a sampling clock comprising a group consisting of a variable phase or a variable frequency to the plurality of flip-flops. The flip-flops are triggered by the sampling clock so that the IR-drop at a time during a clock cycle of the system clock can be detected, and the peak IR-drop value for can be tracked.



Computer-based method for real-time three-dimensional geological model calculation and reservoir navigation

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A method of calculating a 3-D geologic model in real time using, as input, 2-D geologic data. The 3-D is used for conducting further drilling operations. The model may be updated in real time using additional measurements obtained during drilling operations.



Maximum depth of investigation of measurements in a formation

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The present disclosure relates to a method to determine a volume of clearance surrounding a wellbore. A logging tool is provided. The logging tool may be disposed on a wireline, a drill string, or a wired drill pipe. A formation property is obtained using the logging tool. The formation property may include a voltage, a bulk resistivity, a horizontal resistivity, a vertical resistivity, a porosity, a permeability, a fluid saturation, an NMR relaxation time, a borehole size, a borehole shape, a borehole fluid composition, an MWD parameter, or an LWD parameter. The maximum depth of investigation into the subsurface formation is determined using a model response and a noise level, and the volume of clearance is determined using the determined maximum depth of investigation. The maximum depth of investigation and volume of clearance may be determined even though no boundary layers are detected.



System and method for arc detection and intervention in solar energy systems

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

An arc detection and intervention system for a solar energy system. One or more arc detectors are strategically located among strings of solar panels. In conjunction with local management units (LMUs), arcs can be isolated and affected panels disconnected from the solar energy system.



Method and apparatus for determining linear position using multiple magnetic field sensors

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The linear position of an object is estimated using multiple magnetic field sensors and a magnet. The multiple magnetic field sensors are held in fixed relation to one another and in moving relation with respect to the magnet. Readings of the first and second magnetic field sensors and the fixed distance between the first and second magnetic field sensors may be used to estimate the linear position. In some embodiments, an estimated frequency of an approximately sinusoidal field versus position characteristic is also used as part of the estimation.



Charge pump redundancy in a memory

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

An integrated circuit includes a circuit block to utilize a load current at a load voltage from a power input and two or more charge pump arrays. The outputs of the charge pump arrays are coupled to the power input of the circuit block. The integrated circuit includes one or more modifiable elements to disable one or more of the two or more charge pump arrays.



Sensor substrate, method of manufacturing the same and sensing display panel having the same

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A sensor substrate includes a blocking pattern disposed on a base substrate, a first electrode disposed on the base substrate and overlapping the blocking pattern, the first electrode including a plurality of first unit parts arranged in a first direction, each of the first unit parts including a plurality of lines connected to each other in a mesh-type arrangement, a color filter layer disposed on the base substrate, a plurality of contact holes defined in the color filter layer and exposing the first unit parts, and a bridge line between and connected to first unit parts adjacent to each other in the first direction, through the contact holes.



Testing a digital-to-analog converter

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Testing a digital-to-analog converter (DAC), where the test is carried out iteratively for a plurality of digital test signal values, includes: providing the digital test signal to a DAC under test and to a servo; providing, by the DAC under test to a summer, an analog test signal, including converting the digital test signal to the analog test signal; providing, by the summer to an observation latch, a summed signal, including summing the analog test signal and an analog offset signal, the analog offset signal received from a second DAC; providing, by the observation latch to the servo, a sample of the summed signal; providing, by the servo to the second DAC in dependence upon the sample and the digital test signal, a digital offset signal, where the second DAC converts the digital offset signal to the analog offset signal; and storing, as a digital observation, the digital offset signal.



Low noise amplifier for multiple channels

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

An amplifier system has an amplifier for amplifying a plurality of input signals from a plurality of different channels, and a plurality of demodulators each operatively coupled with the amplifier for receiving amplified input signals from the amplifier. Each demodulator is configured to demodulate a single amplified input channel signal from a single channel of the plurality of different channels. The system thus also has a plurality of filters, coupled with each of the demodulators, for mitigating the noise.



Default current test method of impulse voltage mixed high voltage direct current converter valve

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The present invention provides to a default current testing method of the high voltage direct current converter valve composited by impulse voltage. The technical scheme of the invention composites the symmetrical positive and negative voltage and the impulse into asymmetric positive and negative high voltage, it makes the test valve voltage accurately achieve required peak value at the set time. The test circuit is simple relatively; the high voltage source of the default current test circuit is instead by surge generators. The test method is flexible, safe, and suitable for different DC project converter valves.



Detecting circuit for pixel electrode voltage of flat panel display device

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A detecting circuit for pixel electrode voltage of a flat panel display device, the flat panel display device having a plurality of scanning lines and a plurality of data lines crossing with the plurality of scanning lines, the plurality of scanning lines and data lines define a plurality of pixel units, and each of the pixel units including a pixel switching element and a pixel electrode. The detecting circuit for pixel electrode voltage includes at least one detecting sub-circuit for pixel electrode voltage. The detecting sub-circuit for pixel electrode voltage includes: a signal amplifying unit connected with the pixel electrode in the pixel unit, for amplifying a voltage signal of the pixel electrode; and a signal detecting unit connected with the signal amplifying unit, for detecting the voltage signal of the pixel electrode that has been amplified by the signal amplifying unit, and outputting a variation in the voltage signal of the pixel electrode with time. Compared with the prior art, the present invention has advantages of simple detecting circuit structure and accurate detection result.



Interface and apparatus for inspecting electrical characteristics of wafer

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The wafer inspection interface 18 includes a probe card 20 having a multiple number of probes 25; a fixing ring 21 configured to hold the probe card 20; a chuck top 23 disposed to face the probe card 20 with a wafer W therebetween; an outer seal ring 24 provided to hermetically seal an outer space 27 surrounded by the fixing ring 21, the probe card 20 and the chuck top 23; an outer depressurization path 29 through which the outer space 27 is depressurized; an inner seal ring 26 provided to hermetically seal an inner space 28 surrounded by the probe card 20 and the wafer W; and an inner depressurization path 30 through which the inner space 28 is depressurized. Further, the inner space 28 may be surrounded by the outer space 27, and the wafer W is disposed within the inner space 28.



Semiconductor apparatus and testing method thereof

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A semiconductor apparatus includes a through via and a comparison unit. The through via is electrically connected with another chip. The comparison unit includes a reference capacitor, and compares a capacitance value of the through via and a capacitance value of the reference capacitor in response to a test start signal and a reset signal and generates a comparison result.



Circuit arrangement with a plurality of on-chip monitor circuits and a control circuit and corresponding methods

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Implementations are presented herein that include a plurality of on-chip monitor circuits and a controller. Each of the plurality of on-chip monitor circuits is configured to measure a parameter of a semiconductor chip. The controller is coupled to the plurality of on-chip monitor circuits. The controller is configured to receive a measurement result from at least one of the plurality of on-chip monitor circuits and to control a calibration of another one of the plurality of on-chip monitor circuits in accordance with the measurement result.



IC, circuitry, and RF BIST system

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

An IC, a circuitry, and an RF BIST system are provided. The RF BIST system includes a test equipment, a module circuitry, and an IC. The IC is arranged to communicate with the module circuitry by an RF signal in response to a command signal from the test equipment, determine a test result by the RF signal, and report the test result to the test equipment, wherein the module circuitry is external to the IC and the test equipment.



Systems and methods for characterizing a molecule

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Techniques for characterizing a molecule are described herein. In one example, a portion of the molecule is trapped in a nanopore, a variable voltage is applied across the nanopore until the trapped portion of molecule is moved within the nanopore, and the molecule is characterized based on the electrical stimulus required to affect movement of at least a portion of the trapped portion of the molecule within the nanopore.



Thermally activated magnetic and resistive aging

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Examples of the present invention include apparatus and methods for monitoring aging of an item. A solid-state structure is located within, adjacent to, or otherwise proximate the item, the solid-state structure including nanostructures. The electrical resistance and/or magnetization of the solid-state structure is determined to determine the degree of aging of the item. In representative examples, the solid-state structure includes nanostructures of a metal, such as a ferromagnetic metal, within a non-magnetic matrix, such as a semimetal, semiconductor, or insulator.



Input device with force sensing

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Devices and methods are provided that facilitate improved input device performance. The devices and methods utilize a first substrate with proximity sensor electrodes and at least a first force sensor electrode disposed on the first substrate. A second substrate is physically coupled to the first substrate, where the second substrate comprises a spring feature and an electrode component. The electrode component at least partially overlaps the first force sensor electrode to define a variable capacitance between the first force sensor electrode and the electrode component. The spring feature is configured to facilitate deflection of the electrode component relative to the first force sensor electrode to change the variable capacitance. A measure of the variable capacitance may be calculated and used to determine force information regarding the force biasing the input device.



Noncontact determination of interface trap density for semiconductor-dielectric interface structures

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Embodiments of the subject method and apparatus relate to a sequence of noncontact Corona-Kelvin Metrology, C-KM, that allows the determination and monitoring of interface properties in dielectric/wide band gap semiconductor structures. The technique involves the incremental application of precise and measured quantities of corona charge, QC, onto the dielectric surface followed by determination of the contact potential difference, VCPD, as the material structure response. The V-Q characteristics obtained are used to extract the surface barrier, VSB, response related to the applied corona charge. The metrology method presented determines an intersection of the VCPD-QC characteristic obtained in the dark with the VOX-QC characteristic representing the dielectric response. The specific VSB-QC dependence surrounding the reference VFB value is obtained from this method and allows the noncontact determination of the dielectric interface trap density and its spectrum. Application of embodiments of the subject metrology method to thermal oxide on n-type 4H—SiC demonstrates the modification of the Dit distribution by Fowler-Nordheim stress. In addition, an ability to quantify and separate trapped charge components is provided.



Physical property sensor with active electronic circuit and wireless power and data transmission

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Wireless sensors configured to record and transmit data as well as sense and, optionally, actuate to monitor physical properties of an environment and, optionally, effect changes within that environment. In one aspect, the wireless sensor can have a power harvesting unit; a voltage regulation unit, a transducing oscillator unit, and a transmitting coil. The voltage regulation unit is electrically coupled to the power harvesting unit and is configured to actuate at a minimum voltage level. The transducing oscillator unit is electrically coupled to the voltage regulation unit and is configured to convert a sensed physical property into an electrical signal. Also, the transmitting coil is configured to receive the electrical signal and to transmit the electrical signal to an external antenna.



Waveguide, method of manufacturing the same, and electromagnetic wave analysis apparatus

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Provided is a waveguide for guiding an electromagnetic wave between a first conductor layer and a second conductor layer each having a negative dielectric constant real part for the electromagnetic wave, the waveguide including a tapered structure in a part of the waveguide at which the electromagnetic wave exits or enters, in which a spatial profile of the tapered structure perpendicular to an optical axis extends to both sides with respect to the optical axis at least in one direction orthogonal to the optical axis as being closer to an opening plane at an outermost part of the tapered structure.



Differential signal transmission cable property evaluating mechanism and evaluating method therefor

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A differential signal transmission cable property evaluating mechanism includes a substrate having a signal line pad to be connected with a signal line conductor of a differential signal transmission cable and a ground pad to be connected with a shield conductor of the differential signal transmission cable, a pressing member for pressing the signal line conductor to the signal line pad, a shield conductor holding sheet including an elastic insulating sheet and a metal foil provided over one side of the elastic insulating sheet, the shield conductor holding sheet provided for indirectly connecting the shield conductor and the ground pad to each other by contacting the metal foil with the shield conductor and the ground pad, and a clip for fixing the shield conductor holding sheet.



Electric leakage detection apparatus

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

An electric leakage detection apparatus may quickly detect an electric leakage. An electric leakage detection apparatus includes a pulse generator that supplies a pulse to a coupling capacitor, a voltage detector that detects a voltage at the coupling capacitor, an electric leakage determination unit that compares the voltage detected by the voltage detector to a first threshold and determines presence or absence of the electric leakage of a DC power supply based on a comparison result. The electric leakage detection apparatus also includes a discharge determination unit that compares the voltage detected by the voltage detector to a second threshold lower than the first threshold and determines whether the detection voltage becomes lower than the second threshold by a discharge of the coupling capacitor. The pulse generator generates a new pulse when the discharge determination unit determines that the detection voltage becomes lower than the second threshold.



Methods of testing a connection between speakers and a power amplifier and devices therefor

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

The present disclosure provides methods and devices for testing a connection between speakers and a power amplifier. The disclosed methods and devices solve a problem that, upon a connection test for a power amplifier which has a booster power source, when a midpoint potential of the power amplifier and the voltage of the speaker connection terminal are compared, and it is determined that short-circuiting occurs on a ground side when the potential of the speaker connection terminal is lower than the midpoint potential, a wrong test is conducted if a midpoint potential is higher than a battery voltage.



Testing of an integrated circuit that contains secret information

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

An integrated circuit (10) comprises a functional circuit (12a-c) that contain information that must be secured against unauthorized access. The integrated circuit comprises a test access circuit (14, 16) coupled to the functional circuit (12a-c), and a plurality of fuse elements (18) coupled to the test access circuit (14, 16). The fuse elements (18) are connected in a circuit configuration that makes the functional circuit (12a-c) consistently accessible via the test access circuit (14, 16) only when first fuse elements (18) of the plurality are in a blown state and second fuse elements (18) of the plurality are in a not-blown state. As a result the integrated circuit can be tested after selectively blowing all of the first fuse elements (18). After testing at least part of the second fuse elements (18) is blown. As a result, a person that does not know which fuse elements are first fuse elements and which are second fuse elements is presented with difficulties to restore the integrated circuit to a state where test access with the danger of access to the secured information is possible.



Wind turbine blade with lightning protection system

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A wind turbine blade with a lightning protection for a blade with a shell body has at least one lightning receptor arranged freely accessible in or on a surface of the shell body surface, and a lightning down conductor electrically connected to the lightning receptor and comprising an inner conductor made of electrically conductive material imbedded in a bedding insulation made of an electrically non-conductive material. The lightning down conductor further includes a first conductive layer having a resistance in the range of 10 to 10,000 Mega Ohm per meter (MΩ/m). The first conductive layer is located in a transverse distance from the inner conductor and being electrically isolated from the inner conductor.



Localization of failure in high density test structure

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

An integrated circuit structure can include a plurality of solder bumps coupled in series forming a chain and a plurality of diodes, wherein each diode is coupled to one of the plurality of solder bumps. The integrated circuit structure also can include a first pad coupled to the solder bump of the plurality of solder bumps at an end of the chain. The first pad can be configured to provide a test current responsive to application of a forward bias voltage to each diode of the plurality of diodes.



Removable surface-wave networks for in-situ material health monitoring

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A system for measuring properties of a surface under test with surface waves includes a surface wave network including a dielectric substrate, a reactive grid of a plurality of metallic patches on a first surface of the dielectric substrate, a plurality of electronic nodes on the first surface of the dielectric substrate, and a ground plane on a second surface of the dielectric substrate permeable to RF fields of the surface waves, and a controller configured for causing a respective one of the electronic nodes to transmit at least one surface wave and configured for collecting data for signals received by at least one other of the plurality of electronic nodes.



Oscillation circuit and test circuit

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

Disclosed herein is an oscillation circuit including: a control transistor changing an electric potential at an output terminal thereof by proceeding to one of a conduction state and a non-conduction state in accordance with an electric potential at an input terminal thereof; a transistor as an object of a measurement having a polarity of a channel identical to that of the control transistor, and connected in series with the control transistor between a power source and a ground; a capacitor delaying the change in the electric potential at the output terminal in accordance with a value of a leakage current leaked from the transistor as an object of a measurement when the control transistor proceeds from the conduction state to the non-conduction state; and an inversion circuit inverting the electric potential at the output terminal, thereby feeding the inverted electric potential back to the input terminal.



Insulation deterioration detection apparatus

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

An apparatus capable of detecting reduction in insulation resistance between a vehicle body and a high-voltage circuit. In the apparatus, a filter for removing noise included in a potential to ground at a terminal of a coupling capacitor includes a digital filter and an aliasing suppression circuit for suppressing aliasing in the digital filter. In addition, a protection circuit, which protects the digital filter and a determiner operable to detect the reduction in insulation resistance from high-voltage noise generated in the high-voltage circuit, is electrically disposed between a resistor of the aliasing suppression circuit and a signal input of the digital filter, where a potential at a junction between the resistor of the aliasing suppression circuit and the signal input of the digital filter is lower than a potential at the terminal of the coupling capacitor upon application of the high-voltage noise to the apparatus.



Condition estimation device and method of generating open circuit voltage characteristic

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A condition estimation device includes a voltage measurement circuit, memory, and a controller. The voltage measurement circuit measures an open circuit voltage (OCV) of an electric storage device. The memory is configured to store first information on a correlation between a positive electrode potential and an electric storage capacity and second information on a correlation between a negative electrode potential and an electric storage capacity. The controller is configured to: measure an OCV under charge or discharge; calculate an electric storage capacity of the electric storage device having the OCV equal to a reference voltage; correct at least one of the first information and the second information such that a potential difference at the calculated capacity is equal to the reference voltage; and generate an OCV characteristic based on the first and the second information after the at least one of the first and the second information is corrected.



Electric power storage system

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

When a continuous short circuit occurs between both terminals of a battery pack, fault, destruction and rupture of the battery can occur. Further, when a momentary short circuit occurs, a user may continue to use, without knowing thermal and electrical damage to the batteries, and reliability for the batteries is impaired, To overcome the problem, in a battery pack configured by connecting a plurality of storage batteries in series, at least one first storage battery is included which has a low capacity compared to second storage batteries during high-rate discharge, and the first storage battery undergoes polarity inversion during external short circuit, thereby preventing the other batteries from becoming damaged. There are also included a detector that detects voltage of the first storage battery, and a fault signal generator that generates an output fault signal when a voltage detected by the detector inverses.



Electrical storage module

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

An electrical storage module includes: a plurality of electrical storage units; electrical storage unit connecting conductors electrically connecting the plurality of electrical storage units; and a voltage detection line unit electrically connected to the plurality of electrical storage units for detecting a voltage of each of the plurality of the electrical storage units, wherein: the voltage detection line unit is unitized with the electrical storage unit connecting conductors, includes voltage detection lines for each detecting the voltage of one of the plurality of the electrical storage units, and is configured such that, when the electrical storage unit connecting conductors are mechanically connected to the plurality of electrical storage units, the voltage detection lines are electrically connected to the electrical storage units.



Detecting an abnormality of a switch in a high voltage electrical substation

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

There is provided a method for determining an abnormality during operation of a high voltage disconnect switch, the method comprising: determining a current position of an arm of the high voltage disconnect switch operatively connected to a motor, the motor being operated for driving the arm of the high voltage disconnect switch; determining a torque of the motor corresponding to the current position of the arm; comparing the torque of the motor to a torque threshold for the current position of the arm; and outputting an abnormality signal based on the comparison.



Detector with a telescopic anti-twist carrier/guide rod

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A detector with a telescopic carrier/guide rod on which at one end a measuring probe is disposed, whereby the carrier/guide rod comprises at least two anti-twist tubes longitudinally movable and lockable in one another, which form an outer tube and an inner tube, whereby the tubes comprise a linear sliding guide as an anti-twist lock relative to one another. The linear sliding guide comprises at least one longitudinal rib extending inside over the entire length of the outer tube and at least one rib guide extending outside over a partial length of the inner tube on the insertion side of tube end with a recess with which the longitudinal rib engages. The rib guide is formed by a guide sleeve, which is divided in a circumferential direction.



Compact 3D direction finder

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

An apparatus that includes two non-coinciding arrangements disposed in an two axes Cartesian coordinate system such that each arrangement having a non-zero projection on a respective axis from among the two axes. Each one of the arrangements includes a pair of oppositely directed, spaced apart, co-axial radiating-capable elements, each of the elements being hollow with internal space, and being slotted throughout its entire extent. A first circuitry coupled to the arrangement and being configured to sense an electric field projection along the axis and to convey it to a first feeding terminal. A second circuitry coupled to a slot of the arrangement and being configured to sense a magnetic field's projection along said axis and to convey it to a first feeding terminal.



Helical gradient coil for magnetic resonance imaging apparatus

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A gradient coil is provided. The gradient coil comprises: a first layer comprised of a first plurality of turns of wires; and a second layer of coil comprised of a second plurality of turns of wires. Each turn of wire in the first and second plurality of turns of wires circles along the side walls of a cylindrical substrate and each turn of wire in the first and second plurality of turns of wires include a first portion wound along the inner side wall of the substrate and a second portion wound along the outer side wall of the substrate.



RF antenna for MRI with a removable conductor

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

An RF transmit and/or receive antenna is disclosed, especially in the form of a coil structure or coil or loop arrangement, having one or more removable conductors, especially for use in a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system or a magnetic resonance (MR) scanner, for transmitting RF excitation signals (Bi field) for exciting nuclear magnetic resonances (NMR), and/or for receiving NMR relaxation signals. The RF antenna is provided such that it can be adapted in an easy way according to an application which either requires a large opening through the RF antenna or a parallel imaging capability.



Radio frequency (RF) body coil assembly for dual-modality imaging

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A radio frequency (RF) body coil assembly includes a coil support structure including an inner tubular member, an outer tubular member disposed radially outwardly from the inner tubular member, and a structural material disposed between the inner and outer tubular members, an RF coil mounted to an inner surface of the coil support structure, and a positron emission tomography (PET) detector assembly mounted to an outer surface of the coil support structure. A dual-modality imaging system is also described.



Dynamic B0 field detection by magnetic resonance navigators, and correction for multichannel reception and/or transmission RF coil configurations

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

In a method for calculating a B0 field map (a map of the basic magnetic field) in a magnetic resonance apparatus, a navigator pulse is emitted and navigator response resulting from the navigator pulse are detected in at least some channels of a multichannel RF coil array. Each channel of the multichannel RF coil array includes an RF coil and spatial information regarding the respective positions of the individual RF coils is made available to a processor, together with the multiple navigator signals. Using the spatial information obtained from the position of the RF coils that respectively detected the navigator response signals, a B0 field map is generated, without the need for spatial encoding the respective navigator response signals.



MRI method of calculating and generating spatially-tailored parallel radio frequency saturation fields

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A method for producing magnetic resonance images of a subject in which artifacts resulting from a localized source, such as from pulsatile blood flow, are substantially mitigated is provided. The location of an artifact source, at which spins corresponding to flowing blood are located, is identified. Using this identified artifact source location, a region-of-saturation is calculated. A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system is then directed to perform a pulse sequence that results in the generation of a radio frequency (RF) saturation field being produced by an array of RF transmission coils. The RF saturation field is sized and shaped according to the calculated region-of-saturation. Images are reconstructed from image data acquired after application of the RF saturation field, and artifacts related to motion of the spins at the identified location of the artifact source are substantially mitigated in these images.



Magnetic resonance imaging apparatus executing phase-corrected imaging pulse sequence based on data obtained from multiple pulse sub-sequences executed without readout direction gradients but instead using phase or slice encoding direction gradients during readout

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A magnetic resonance imaging apparatus according to an embodiment includes an executing unit, a calculating unit, and a correcting unit. The executing unit executes a first pre-scan in which a readout gradient magnetic field and a phase encoding gradient magnetic field are not applied and sampling gradient magnetic fields is applied in a phase encoding direction and a second pre-scan in which the readout gradient magnetic field is not applied, the sampling gradient magnetic field is applied at the same echo signal as that in the first pre-scan, and a representative phase encoding gradient magnetic field in a main scan. The calculating unit calculates the amount of correction from phase differences between the echo signals collected by the first pre-scan and between the echo signals collected by the second pre-scan. The correcting unit corrects the pulse sequence for the main scan on the basis of the calculated amount of correction.



Interleaved single magnetic resonance sequence for MR quantification

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

A magnetic resonance sequence includes an interleaved slice-selective pre-pulse and a slice-selective multi-echo acquisition. This sequence is repeated with different delays between the pre-pulse and the acquisition resulting in a matrix of complex images. Based on this matrix T1 and T2 relaxations, proton density and the B1 field can be estimated. These quantified parameters enable synthetic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and form a robust input for tissue segmentation in computer aided diagnosis for MRI.



Current sensor

Tue, 26 May 2015 08:00:00 EDT

There is provided a current sensor capable of performing malfunction determination with high accuracy even under the influence of an adscititious magnetic field. A current sensor includes first and second current sensor units, a computation unit, a storage unit, and a determination processing unit. The first current sensor unit measures a target current. The first and second current sensor units have almost the same sensitivity. The computation unit calculates and outputs an addition value and a difference value of outputs of the first and second current sensor units. In the storage unit, the addition and difference values output from the computation unit are stored. The determination processing unit determines whether a malfunction has occurred by using the addition and difference values stored in the storage unit. The determination processing unit determines that a malfunction has occurred, in a case where there is a correlation between the addition and difference values.