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Downloadable data about Europe's environment.


Natura 2000 data - the European network of protected sites

Tue, 03 Apr 2018 09:50:00 GMT

Natura 2000 is the key instrument to protect biodiversity in the European Union. It is an ecological network of protected areas, set up to ensure the survival of Europe's most valuable species and habitats. Natura 2000 is based on the 1979 Birds Directive and the 1992 Habitats Directive. This version covers the reporting in 2017.

EUNIS habitat classification

Fri, 09 Feb 2018 00:00:00 GMT

The EUNIS habitat classification is a comprehensive pan-European system to facilitate the harmonised description and collection of data across Europe through the use of criteria for habitat identification. It is hierarchical and covers all types of habitat from natural to artificial, from terrestrial to freshwater and marine.

Monitoring of CO2 emissions from vans – Regulation 510/2011

Thu, 18 Jan 2018 11:32:46 GMT

The Regulation (EU) No 510/2011 requires Member States to record information for each new van registered in its territory. Every year, each Member State shall submit to the Commission all the information related to their new registrations. In particular, the following details are required for each new van registered: manufacturer name, type approval number, type, variant, version, make and commercial name, specific emissions of CO2, mass of the vehicle, wheel base, track width, fuel type and fuel mode. Additional information, such as engine power and engine capacity were also submitted.

Waterbase - UWWTD: Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive – reported data

Thu, 14 Dec 2017 16:50:00 GMT

Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive concerns the collection, treatment and discharge of urban waste water and the treatment and discharge of waste water from certain industrial sectors. The objective of the Directive is to protect the environment from the adverse effects of the above mentioned waste water discharges.

Estimated effects of increased RES consumption since 2005 on fossil fuels and GHG emissions

Wed, 13 Dec 2017 15:23:18 GMT

Directive 2009/28/EC on the promotion and use of energy from renewable sources commits the EU to achieving a 20 % share of renewable energy sources (RES) in its gross final energy consumption by 2020 and a 10 % share of renewable energy in transport energy consumption by the same year. Article 22 of the directive requires Member States to report on national progress in the promotion and use of energy from renewable sources, biennially, starting with 31 December 2011. It specifies that the national reports shall contain, inter alia, the estimated net GHG emission savings due to the use of energy from renewable sources. Information regarding the specific methodologies used by the countries for producing the above estimates of net GHG emission savings is not always available. To that end, the EEA and its European Topic Centre for Air Pollution and Climate Change Mitigation (ETC/ACM) produce each year a consistent set of estimated co-benefits, at the Member State and EU level, concerning the impact on fossil fuels and GHG emissions due to the increase in RES consumption since 2005. For 2016, these estimated co-benefits are based on the EEA 2016 RES share proxies and the EEA 2016 proxies on primary and final energy consumption.

European Red Lists of species

Tue, 12 Dec 2017 10:24:46 GMT

The European Red Lists of species is a review of the conservation status of more than 10 000 European species (mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, freshwater and marine fishes, butterflies, dragonflies, freshwater molluscs, selected groups of beetles, terrestrial molluscs, vascular plants including medicinal plants, bees, grasshoppers, locusts and crickets, lycopods and ferns), according to IUCN regional Red Listing guidelines applied to the EU28 and to the Pan-European level. New in the 2017 version of the database is the inclusion of European Red List of lycopods and ferns.

The European Pollutant Release and Transfer Register (E-PRTR), Member States reporting under Article 7 of Regulation (EC) No 166/2006

Mon, 11 Dec 2017 17:45:00 GMT

The European Pollutant Release and Transfer Register (E-PRTR) is a web-based register established by Regulation (EC) No 166/2006 which implements the UNECE PRTR Protocol, signed in May 2003 in Kiev.

Copernicus aggregated Imperviousness change information 2009-2012

Mon, 11 Dec 2017 11:55:00 GMT

Copernicus aggregated Imperviousness change information 2009-2012 for EEA Indicator on Imperviousness & Imperviousness change

Greenhouse gas emissions under the Effort Sharing Decision (ESD)

Mon, 11 Dec 2017 10:52:32 GMT

The Effort Sharing Decision (ESD) No 406/2009/EC establishes annual greenhouse gas emission targets for Member States for the period 2013–2020. These targets concern emissions from most sectors not included in the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS), such as transport, buildings, agriculture and waste. Emissions from land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF) and international shipping are not included. The EEA coordinates every year the review of Member States’ greenhouse gas inventories, so that the European Commission can determine compliance with the annual ESD targets on the basis of accurate, reliable and verified emission data. Review reports and final ESD emissions are published by the European Commission. ESD emissions for the period 2005–2012 and for the latest year ("Y-1") are estimated by EEA on the basis of national GHG inventory data and ETS emissions.

Copernicus 10 km grid

Mon, 11 Dec 2017 10:37:55 GMT

Hosted on The data used for the European overview maps as part of the indicator publication, are based on the same original 100m Imperviousness change products, aggregated first to 1km, then to 10km grid size for overview map production.

Copernicus Land Monitoring Service - Corine Land Cover

Fri, 08 Dec 2017 11:25:00 GMT

The CORINE Land Cover (CLC) inventory was initiated in 1985 (reference year 1990) to standardize data collection on land in Europe to support environmental policy development. Updates were produced in 2000, 2006, and 2012. Change layers were produced for 2000, 2006 and 2012.

Copernicus Land Monitoring Service - EU-Hydro

Thu, 07 Dec 2017 15:56:28 GMT

EU-Hydro for all EEA member and cooperating countries provides 1) a photo-interpreted river network, consisting of surface interpretation of water bodies (lakes and wide rivers) and 2) a modelled drainage network with catchments and drainage lines (derived from EU-DEM v1.0). EU-Hydro public beta version replaces EU-Hydro beta version (available only internally at the EEA) which was created in the frame of GMES RDA Preparatory action 2009-2012.

Copernicus Land Monitoring Service - EU-DEM

Thu, 07 Dec 2017 15:19:19 GMT

EU-DEM is a digital surface model (DSM) of EEA member and cooperating countries representing the first surface as illuminated by the sensors. It is a hybrid product based on SRTM and ASTER GDEM data fused by a weighted averaging approach.

Copernicus Land Monitoring Service - Natura 2000

Thu, 07 Dec 2017 13:05:00 GMT

Natura 2000 (an EU-wide network of nature protection areas established under the 1992 Habitats Directive) is the centrepiece of EU nature & biodiversity policy. The aim of the network is to assure the long-term survival of Europe's most valuable and threatened species and habitats. A selection of Natura 2000 grassland-rich sites (5 grassland habitats types 6210, 6240, 6250, 6510 and 6520, including a 2km buffer and covering approx. 160.000 km2) sites was mapped in order to assess their actual area, their condition and their development over time. The sites were analysed for the 2006 and 2012 reference years and a change analysis was performed. The mapping also included a 2 km buffer zone where an analysis of pressures and threats was conducted.

Copernicus Land Monitoring Service - Riparian Zones

Thu, 07 Dec 2017 12:50:00 GMT

Riparian zones represent transitional areas occurring between land and freshwater ecosystems, characterised by distinctive hydrology, soil and biotic conditions and strongly influenced by the stream water. They provide a wide range of riparian functions (e.g. chemical filtration, flood control, bank stabilization, aquatic life and riparian wildlife support, etc.) and ecosystem services. Three complementary product groups provide detailed information on the state and characteristics of riparian zones across the EEA member and cooperating countries: Land Cover / Land Use (LCLU), Delineation of Riparian Zones (DRZ), Green Linear Elements (GLE).