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Preview: Scitizen Biotechnology

Scitizen Biotechnology



Biotechnology : a collaborative news publishing initiative by scientists, for everyone.



Copyright: Copyright 2008, Take part Media, Inc.
 



Made-to-Measure Medicines

2008-12-08 21:38:52

The concept of pharmacogenomics has been around for decades but only now in the age of the genome is true progress being made in its application. Pharmacogenomics is an understanding of the connections between our genetic make-up and our response to medication...



Neste Moves Forward with Green Diesel

2008-06-18 16:46:24

I have written periodically on 'green diesel', which should not be confused with biodiesel. Neste, Petrobras, and ConocoPhillips (in a venture with Tyson foods), have all entered the green diesel arena.



DNA Markers and Computer Science Methodology Can be Used to Trace Individual Ancestry

2007-10-01 12:57:19

Genetic markers (variations in the DNA among individuals) can be used to infer population structure, a task that remains a central challenge in many areas of genetics such as the study of population history and the search of susceptibility genes for common disorders. In such settings,...



Junk DNA: Let me Say it One More Time

2007-09-24 15:58:54

The term "junk DNA" was not coined on the basis of not knowing what it does. It was not a cop-out or a surrender. Susumu Ohno coined the term in 1972 in reference to a specific mechanism of non-coding DNA formation that he thought accounted for the discrepancies in genome size among species: gene duplication...



A Bio-Based Society?

2007-09-21 12:32:53

Biotechnology may not be the first thing people think of when asked for a solution to the major issues of our time such as pollution, global warming or the depletion of fossil resources. But here?s an interesting idea: what if we could step away from fossil fuels and started making products from renewable...



A Public Scientist in the Biotechnology Debate?

2007-09-14 13:02:36

Science and technology play an increasingly prominent and often controversial role in modern human society. From biotechnology and genetic engineering to computers, cell phones and nanotechnology, ordinary citizens encounter and even depend on science and technology in their daily lives. Yet most people...



Watson's Genome, Venter's Genome, What's the Difference?

2007-09-11 11:25:27

"Come quickly, Watson," said Sherlock Holmes, "I've been asked to review a mysterious sequence, whose importance I'm only now beginning to comprehend."



Mosquito Immunity ? Combating the Resurgence of Malaria and Dengue

2007-08-17 11:41:42

The sequencing of the second mosquito genome, that of the dengue and yellow fever transmitting mosquito, Aedes aegypti, has enabled comprehensive comparative genomic studies with the malaria transmitting mosquito, Anopheles gambiae, whose genome was sequenced in 2002...



Maize Streak Virus-Resistant Transgenic Maize: an African solution to an African Problem

2007-08-07 11:58:20

Maize is not native to Africa; however, since being introduced by Portuguese traders in the 16th century, maize has replaced traditional African crops such as sorghum and millet as the continent?s most important staple food crop.



I Didn't Notice I Lost a Gene

2007-07-27 09:49:41

In the year 2000, at around the time that the first human genome sequence was completed, an inventory of the genetic material of the small mustard plant Arabidopsis was published. Remarkably, although the total amount of genetic material in this small plant is only a fraction of that in humans, the...



Improve Upon Nature: Genetically Encoding Unnatural Amino Acids

2007-07-27 09:49:36

The building blocks of proteins in nearly all organisms are limited to 20 amino acids. It might be perfect for nature, but not ideal for scientists. We have developed a novel strategy to genetically encode unnatural amino acids in mammalian cells, including neurons,...



Are You Listening as Well as You?re Hearing?

2007-07-26 19:03:41

When we listen, we do more than just hear. We make sense of a complex sound environment. We?re so good at it that we take our auditory processing skills for granted ? until there?s a problem.



4 275

2007-07-25 17:49:00

The number of public and private biotech enterprises in the world, among which 1 621 are in Europe and 1 452 in the United States (Ernst&Young).



70 billion USD

2007-07-25 17:39:00

The historical record that the revenues of public companies exceeded in 2006 (Ernst&Young).



Biotechnology, A Science at Stake

2007-07-25 12:06:05

The 21st century could be the century of the sciences of the living organisms and of biotechnologies. They represent the seeds of a real revolution in the fields of medicine, food, industrial production and even environmental protection.



Genes and the development of obesity

2007-07-06 13:36:08

Obesity is one of the main health problems of our times, and it is estimated that it concerns nearly 300 million people in the world. Furthermore, the number of obese people is increasing. In the United States alone, the number of obese adults has increased by 10% in the last 10 years.



Genome Transplantation - Coming to a Bacteria Near You

2007-07-06 13:36:00

Well, I was interviewed yesterday by the AP (see the AP article here*) relating to an article in Science on Genome Transplantation by John Glass, Craig Venter, and crew and the Venter Institute. Their article is coming out in tomorrow's Science...



Deafness Research Has a Sound Future

2007-06-29 15:15:27

The inner ear contains six sensory organs, one auditory organ and five vestibular organs that subserve our sense of balance. The central players in all six organs are the mechanosensory hair cells which convert the mechanical stimuli of sound and head movements into electrical signals that are transmitted...



It?s All In the Packaging

2007-06-25 16:43:31

Remember how the best chefs pay as much attention to the packaging and presentation of a dish as the food itself. It turns out that the human genome believes as much in its packaging. Our DNA does not lie naked in the cell, but is wrapped up in proteins that constitute the packaging called chromatin...



American bees mysteriously dying off

2007-06-21 11:33:12

This is BBC news on the so called Colony Collapse: how bees in north America are mysteriously dying at an alarming rate, threatening the pollination industry and production of commercial honey in the United States.



GM Food With Consumer Benefits Proves Popular Choice

2007-06-19 14:28:48

Many food-producing countries have been dissuaded from planting genetically modified (GM) crops because of a widely-held fear that consumers in rich countries ? particularly in Europe ? will reject GM food, and also conventional food products from countries that adopt GM technology...



Bio Art

2007-06-19 14:28:29

Shawn Bailey and Jennifer Willet are Canada's leading practitioners of "Bio Art," an emerging form that uses the tools of biology to create works of art. The goal is to draw attention to the field of biotechnology and its impact on society. The video was released on VisionTV' as part of the Gemini award...



Antibodies, Malaria and Mice: the Beginning of a Wonderful Friendship

2007-06-18 12:49:23

Malaria is a parasitic disease transmitted by female Anopheles mosquitoes. It is widespread in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world; however, 90% of all cases are in sub-Saharan Africa. Malaria, which now rivals HIV/AIDS as the world?s most deadly infection,...



Bioinformatician Interactions in Bioinformatics Support

2007-06-18 12:48:06

There was a call from Bioinformatics Zen a couple of weeks ago for a kind of ?special edition? for Bio::Blogs. The call requested: ?What would be your best piece of advice you would offer someone starting out in bioinformatics? Databases, coding, organisation?? As I do bioinformatics support, I...



Pilot of the Encyclopedia of DNA Elements Released Today

2007-06-13 19:00:05

After scientists revealed the map of the entire human genome in 2001, the ENCyclopedia Of DNA Elements (ENCODE) project was launched in September 2003 with the aim of identifying all the functional elements in the human genome sequence. The results of the pilot phase which focused on 1% of the human...



"It Inevitably Raises the Question of Sex Selection"

2007-06-11 19:10:12

The British company DNA Worldwide raised a controversy last month by launching on the internet a home test called ?Pink or Blue? that tells the sex of the baby just six weeks into pregnancy. Dr Jean-Marc Costa, a specialist of prenatal diagnoses, answers our questions.



GM Crops? Ecological Effects?

2007-06-07 20:00:21

Researchers at Santa Clara University in California have investigated the effects of genetically modified crops on insects. The study is published in the June, 8 issue of Science. Interview with Michelle Marvier, lead author of the report.



Scientists Decipher Rhesus Macaque Genome

2007-06-05 15:15:54

In the 13 April 2007 issue, Science unveiled the genome sequence of one of biology's most important model organisms: the rhesus macaque monkey (Macaca mulatta). Researchers from the Macaque Sequencing Consortium detail here the biomedical evolutionary insights gained from the macaque genome,...



You and the 00 Genome ? Part II: The International HapMap Project

2007-06-04 12:25:38

In Part I of the ?You and the 00 Genome? series we examined the Archon X PRIZE for Genomics, a million purse for the group that can sequence 100 genomes in 10 days for no more than ,000/genome with an error rate below 0.001%. With today?s technology this goal is still a few years away.



The Science of Transgenic Technology

2007-06-04 12:25:22

What do humans, flies, and worms have in common? More than you might think. See how transgenic organisms are engineered, and how they enable researchers to study genetic diseases. This is a program by Howards Hughes Medical Institute.