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Preview: JERUSALEM_FUTURE HUB

JERUSALEM_FUTURE HUB



ARCHITECTURE+ART+PHOTOGRAPHY



Updated: 2014-10-02T21:00:16.047-07:00

 



PROJECT: ABSTRACT AND INTENT

2008-01-19T18:09:15.013-08:00

(image)
JERUSALEM is a pivotal city that has attracted people from all over the world from different races, religions and practices. Now this city is being divided by a Wall that separates Israel and Palestine. In recent years the construction of the Wall has set both countries on an economic decline. Israel has lost 6.5 Billion dollars on the construction and loss of tourism within
3 years. Palestine has lost more than half of its labor force and 2/3 of the businesses that cater to tourism. A solution called “The ARC” is an infrastructure that has been rendered as an answer to both countries by providing critical resources to Palestine and, at the same time, providing a quick transportation for tourist and citizens that come from Israel.
This infrastructure would encounter the wall and the train station only once, and that would be in the city of Jerusalem. By placing this encounter here, the city would develop as the central hub for Israel and Palestine. In turn this strategic placement would minimize the amount of terrorism that occurs along the border due to trade. The boost of trade that would result in Jerusalem, and throughout both countries, would then create a movement of development along the wall and essentially render the wall obsolete. This project investigates the effects that a wall has on a city and what can be done to make the division temporary. By placing a train station as a segment of the wall, the wall becomes an intricate transportation hub upon which many other businesses can be integrated with and rely on. Here the wall becomes a place to travel to and not away from; here…WALL BECOMES CITY.





PROJECT: ANALYSIS

2008-01-19T18:10:26.374-08:00

GEOPOLITICS: WHY JERUSALEM?Geographically:Jerusalem is located at the center of theconflict between Israel and Palestine.Politically:Jerusalem is a city that is run bytwo different governments.Capitols:Jerusalem is currently considered to bethe capitol of both Israel and Palestine.Both sides refuse to change that since itis a city that is a key symbol of their faith.Tourism:Jerusalem is the main attraction for touristsKey City:Jerusalem would be the only place wherethe ARC would meet with The Wall.INFRASTRUCTURE: THE ARC AND LINEAR CITIESRecently the RAND Corp. (a think tank company) employedDoug Suisman, an urban planner from Santa Monica,to figure out a relief for the people in the West Bankand Gaza. Suisman figured that with a well plannedinfrastructure to travel from the north of the West Bankto the Gaza Strip, the Palestinian people would be able tobe self-sufficient by creating jobs and distributing wellneeded resources to the cities of Palestine. By placing theTrain Stations outside of the historical centers, the citieswould grow in a imear fashion in order to promote acontrolled density and preservation of historical monuments. ECONOMIESPALESTINE IS LOSINGTOURISM IS MEASUREDTHROUGH 3 KEY FACTORS:Bed Nights in HotelsTransportationTour Operators, ie. gift shopsTRANSPORTATION2000 - 230 tourist coaches18 tourist transportation companies480 employees2001 - $8 million lost2006 - 80 coaches150 employeesTOUR OPERATORSLost 90% of income2000 - 442 shops with 900 employees2004 - 300 shops with 500 employeesMajor foreign currency generatorof East Jerusalem:2000 - 3,500 direct jobs2005 - less than 1,800 jobs leftHOTELS51% of Hotels are competely orpartially closed remainderrooms are rented out.West Jerusalem -Number of Bed Nights in Hotels Dropped 52%[ 2.85 million (2000) to 1.36 million (2001) ]East Jerusalem -Number of Bed Nights in Hotels Dropped 82%[ 600,000 (2000) to 104,500 (2001)THE MOST IMPORTANT ROLE: ARC INFRASTRUCTURE, THE TRAIN STATION, AND THE CITY OF JERUSALEM WORKING AS ONECurrently the only way to travel fromthe West Bank to Israel is to travelby highway across check points thatare located along the wall.These checkpoints are the locationsfor much of the violence that happensbetween Israelis and Palestinians.The vectors show an East - West movementthat the mass population uses to cross intoand out of the West Bank and Israel.HOW DO YOU DIFFUSE THIS TENSION...?BY ROTATING THE AXIS OF TRAFFIC.By rotating the axis of movement toNorth - South and making one city the centerfor this exchange it will begin to diffuse the tensionbetween Israelis and Palestinians.This would allow for one city to become the hub forthe ARC - infrastructure. There is only one city thatposseses the conditions for this shift.... Jerusalem[...]



PROJECT: SETTLEMENTS + DESIGN CONCEPTS

2008-01-19T20:22:54.326-08:00

SETTLEMENTS

(image) ISRAEL + PALESTINE + ISRAEL

(image) JEWISH + MUSLIM + JEWISH

(image) DESIGN CONCEPTS


Circulation becomes screen

(image) Structure becomes screen:

Both Jews and Muslims use the same principals for designing the geometries of their patterns.
By taking these same principals of design and using them to define the structural elements of the train station; the architecture begins to speak the language of the city.




PROJECT: URBAN PLANNING

2008-01-19T20:37:07.601-08:00

(image) The current situation of the area has the wall partially built on the north and south ends, eventually meeting at the highway / checkpoint intersection.


(image) By placing the train station in the path of the wall; the train station becomes part of the wall.

(image) The train station becomes the only place where the ARC infrastructure, the WALL, and the city of Jerusalem meet.

(image) As the ARC infrastructure passes through the station, it splits the building in half and as a result makes two platforms.

(image) As a result, the train station attracts commerce and travel, which in turn, brings people from both countries towards the wall/train station.

(image) With more buisnesses springing up around the wall/train station, more residences will follow as well as more tourists. Eventually, with both countries flourishing, tension will decrease and the need for the wall will cease to exist.









PROJECT: ARCHITECTURE

2008-01-19T18:47:47.318-08:00

(image) AERIAL VIEW OF TRAIN STATION WITH MAJOR HIGHWAYS AND WALL
(image) VIEW OF TRAIN STATION FROM EXTERIOR

(image) VIEW OF TRAIN PLATFORMS ON SECOND FLOOR

(image) VIEW OF MAJOR HIGHWAYS CROSSING WITHIN BUILDING
(image) INTERIOR VIEW OF MAIN ENTRANCE

(image) INTERIOR VIEW LOOKING ONTO TRAIN PLATFORM

(image) PLAN

(image) SECTION












PROJECT: GENESIS

2008-01-19T20:21:17.591-08:00

The Jerusalem project was started soon after the steel competition project, ARC Transportation Hub. This project won first prize in the National ACSA/AISC Steel Design Competition and brought along alot of questions reguarding the middle east and how well placed infrastructure can effect a country. However, the destination of this project was misplaced; it was situated next to an airport that no longer exists due to terrorist and was more than 2 miles away from Rafah City, Gaza Strip. In any case, the project brought on alot of culture study and reasoning into how the design of architecture can resemble the culture of a people.


(image)




PROJECT: PHOTOGRAPHS

2008-01-19T20:34:44.942-08:00

The photographs posted in this entire blog are all originals and were not taken from anywhere else but Jerusalem and the neighboring villages. Please respect the photographers by not pirating the photos found here.

(image) VIEW OF SEPERATION WALL FROM ABU-DIS [PALESTINE]

(image) COTTON MERCHANT'S MARKET [MUSLIM QUARTER, OLD CITY]

(image) DAVID STREET, ARMENIAN QUARTER


(image) HOLOCAUST HISTORY MUSEUM [ARCHITECT: MOSHE SAFDIE]







PROJECT: BIBLIOGRAPHY

2008-01-21T22:36:35.579-08:00

The books posted are in the order of most relevence. Yet all have contribtuted, in one way or another, to the rendering of the Jerusalem and Gaza projects posted above.The ARC: A Formal Structure for A Palestinian StateWritten by Doug Suisman Against the WallWritten by Various WritersEdited by Michael SorkinThe Next JerusalemWritten by Various WritersEdited by Michael SorkinCity Of CollisionWritten by Philip Misselwitz and Tim Rieniets War and ArchitecturePamphlet Architecture #15Written by Lebbeus WoodsWall: Documentary FilmFilm by Simone BittonThe Road Map To NowhereWritten by Tanya ReinhartThe Iron WallWritten by Avi ShlaimWar Without EndWritten by Anton La Guardia [...]