Subscribe: Animal Behavior Podcasts
http://web.uconn.edu/millerd/AnimalBehavior.xml
Preview: Animal Behavior Podcasts

Animal Behavior Screencasts



Screencasts (video podcasts) hosted by Dr. David B. Miller Professor Emeritus at The University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, U.S.A. These screencasts were formerly used in Dr. Miller's Animal Behavior course from 2009 to 2017, prior to his retirement.



Published: Wed, 13 Dec 2017 09:06:19 -0500

Last Build Date: Wed, 13 Dec 2017 09:06:19 -0500

Copyright: (c) 2017 David B. Miller
 



Evolution & Adaptation: Episode 1: Evolution Scorecard

Wed, 13 Dec 2017 09:06:18 -0500

Evolution's scorecard in terms of its coverage in schools in the United States. Also, a brief look at how creationism may have played a role in undermining the public's understanding of evolution. Finally, a look at
Darwin's "missing evidence"—industrial melanism.


Media Files:
http://icube.uconn.edu/01%20Evolution%20Scorecard.mp4




Ethological Concepts: Episode 4: Innate & Instinctive Behavior

Thu, 30 Nov 2017 13:56:33 -0500

The distinction between innate and instinctive behavior. Also, an examination of fixed action patterns, consummatory acts, action-specific energy, and Konrad Lorenz’s model of instinctive behavior.


Media Files:
http://icube.uconn.edu/04%20Innate%20and%20Instinctive%20Behavior.mp4




Ethological Concepts: Episode 3: Behaviors

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 12:15:19 -0500

Examples across a wide range of species of threat displays, courtship displays, distraction displays, appeasement displays, intention movements, vacuum activity, displacement activity, redirected activity, and simultaneous & successive ambivalent behaviors.


Media Files:
http://icube.uconn.edu/03%20Behaviors.mp4




Ethological Concepts: Episode 2: Ritualization

Tue, 14 Nov 2017 08:49:17 -0500

Sir Julian Huxley's concept of ritualization describing 3 mechanisms by which non-communicative behaviors evolve into displays that take on communicative functions.


Media Files:
http://icube.uconn.edu/02%20Ritualization.mp4




Ethological Concepts: Episode 1: Stimuli

Mon, 06 Nov 2017 09:34:36 -0500

Ethograms, sign stimuli, configurational sign stimuli, releasers, supernormal stimuli, and innate releasing mechanisms.


Media Files:
http://icube.uconn.edu/01%20Stimuli.mp4




Contemporary Issues: Episode 7: Animal Welfare & Animal Rights

Tue, 31 Oct 2017 08:06:13 -0400

An examination of animal welfare and animal rights, including regulations, alternatives, and illegal activities by extremists.


Media Files:
http://icube.uconn.edu/07%20Animal%20Rights.mp4




Contemporary Issues: Episode 6: Camouflage

Mon, 23 Oct 2017 12:20:14 -0400

Numerous examples of how nonhuman organisms conceal themselves with various forms of camouflage for the purposes of predation and hiding from prey.


Media Files:
http://icube.uconn.edu/06%20Camouflage.mp4




Contemporary Issues: Episode 5: Mimicry

Sat, 14 Oct 2017 08:16:59 -0400

Mimicry is an extraordinary evolutionary adaptation, typically involved in predator-prey relationships. Here, we examine both Batesian and Müllerian mimicry.


Media Files:
http://icube.uconn.edu/05%20Mimicry.mp4




Contemporary Issues: Episode 4: Homologous vs. Analogous Traits

Tue, 10 Oct 2017 08:50:29 -0400

An examination of the difference between homologous traits (traits found in different species traceable to a common ancestor) and analogous traits (traits that appear to be similar but have no common descent).


Media Files:
http://icube.uconn.edu/04%20Homology%20vs.%20Analogy.mp4




Contemporary Issues: Episode 3: Phylogeny: Tree vs. Scale

Thu, 05 Oct 2017 11:55:01 -0400

An examination of the phylogenetic tree (which reconstructs evolutionary relationships based on homologous data) and the phylogenetic scale (which is a non-evolutionary ordering usually based on degree of presumed complexity).


Media Files:
http://icube.uconn.edu/03%20Tree%20vs.%20Scale.mp4




Contemporary Issues: Episode 2: Cognition

Wed, 27 Sep 2017 09:03:46 -0400

An examination of the cognitive capabilities of a wide range of animal species, including dung beetles, assassin bugs, ants, archer fish, chimps, African Grey Parrots, New Caledonian Crows, and dogs, the latter including fMRI brain scans.


Media Files:
http://icube.uconn.edu/02%20Cognition.mp4




Contemporary Issues: Episode 1: Generalization

Tue, 19 Sep 2017 14:22:13 -0400

The ability to generalize is important in animal behavior. Here, we explore 6 dimensions of generalization: species, domestication, context, behaviors, rewards, & sensory modalities. Dangers of sloppy generalization are also discussed.


Media Files:
http://icube.uconn.edu/01%20Generalization.mp4




Ethological Methods: Episode 8: Instrumentation

Wed, 13 Sep 2017 08:41:24 -0400

An examination of technological innovations, old and new, that enable scientists to study animal behavior, including the use of blinds, video & audio aids, fiber optics, micro cameras, and telemetry.


Media Files:
http://icube.uconn.edu/08%20Instrumentation.mp4




Ethological Methods: Episode 7: Experimental Manipulation in Field and Lab

Fri, 08 Sep 2017 11:11:02 -0400

In order to identify actual causal mechanisms of behavior, one must manipulate variables and measure the effects of those manipulations, using proper experimental design. We'll explore how this has been done in both the field and laboratory, including the use of robotics.


Media Files:
http://icube.uconn.edu/07%20Experimental%20Manipulation.mp4




Ethological Methods: Episode 6: Sampling

Mon, 04 Sep 2017 18:11:37 -0400

When collecting a lot of data, especially in field research, one has to choose a sampling technique because it is not feasible to report all of the raw data points. There are 2 types of sampling: Subject Sampling and Event Sampling. Forms of each of these are discussed in this screencast.


Media Files:
http://icube.uconn.edu/06%20Sampling.mp4




Ethological Methods: Episode 5: Sequential Analysis

Wed, 30 Aug 2017 16:37:26 -0400

Behaviors typically occur in sequences rather than in isolation. Here, we examine how to look at behavioral sequences using a transition matrix, calculating conditional probabilities, and constructing flow diagrams of the sequences.


Media Files:
http://icube.uconn.edu/05%20Sequential%20Analysis.mp4




Ethological Methods: Episode 4: Levels of Analysis of Behavior

Sat, 26 Aug 2017 10:53:11 -0400

An examination of "lumping" (whole-grain behavioral analysis) versus "splitting" (finer-grain analysis of individual components of a whole behavior pattern), with examples of each.


Media Files:
http://icube.uconn.edu/04%20Level%20of%20Analysis.mp4




Ethological Methods: Episode 3: Field-to-Laboratory Continuum

Tue, 15 Aug 2017 08:05:25 -0400

An examination of animal behavior observational research settings based on the degree of control by the investigator, with five points along the continuum and examples of each.


Media Files:
http://icube.uconn.edu/03%20Field-Lab%20Continuum.mp4




Ethological Methods: Episode 2: Pros & Cons of Field & Lab Research

Thu, 10 Aug 2017 16:58:47 -0400

An intensive examination of problems associated with field research, based on personal experience in doing field work in North Carolina, as well as issues involving laboratory research.


Media Files:
http://icube.uconn.edu/02%20Pros%20and%20Cons%20of%20Field%20and%20Lab.mp4




Ethological Methods: Episode 1: Naturalistic Observation

Sun, 06 Aug 2017 16:56:24 -0400

An examination of the importance of context on animal behavior, and five roles of naturalistic observation in better understanding animal behavior.


Media Files:
http://icube.uconn.edu/01%20Naturalistic%20Observation.mp4




History of Animal Behavior: Episode 9: Recent Trends

Fri, 04 Aug 2017 11:23:26 -0400

This final "history" episode examines neuroethology, including scanning technology, optogenetics, and behavioral ecology.


Media Files:
http://icube.uconn.edu/09%20Recent%20Trends.mp4




History of Animal Behavior: Episode 8: 20th Century Influences

Fri, 04 Aug 2017 10:58:46 -0400

Significant influences on the study of animal behavior from Zing-Yang Kuo, T. C. Schneirla, Daniel S. Lehrman, Douglas Spalding, Jakob von Uexküll, Konrad Lorenz, Nikolaas Tinbergen, and Karl von Frisch.


Media Files:
http://icube.uconn.edu/08%2020th%20Century.mp4




History of Animal Behavior: Episode 7: The Modern Experimental Movement

Fri, 21 Jul 2017 08:14:13 -0400

Contributions by C. Lloyd Morgan, Edward Thorndike, Willard Small, Wolfgang Köhler, John B. Watson, and Karl Lashley, in relation to general principles of animal behavior and later studies.


Media Files:
http://icube.uconn.edu/07%20The%20Modern%20Experimental%20Movement.mp4




History of Animal Behavior: Episode 6: Post-Darwin 19th Century

Thu, 13 Jul 2017 17:49:46 -0400

An examination of Ernst Haeckel's "biogenetic law" (ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny) and Wilhelm Preyer's contribution to behavioral embryology.


Media Files:
http://icube.uconn.edu/06%20Post-Darwin%2019th%20Century.mp4




History of Animal Behavior: Episode 5: 18th Century & Darwin

Sun, 09 Jul 2017 15:43:59 -0400

How Erasmus Darwin, Lamarck, Herbert Spencer, R. A. Fisher, and especially Charles Darwin influenced the development of animal behavior, with special consideration on the theory of evolution and expression of emotions in man and animals.


Media Files:
http://icube.uconn.edu/05%2018th%20Century%20Darwin.mp4




History of Animal Behavior: Episode 4: 16th to 18th Century Contributions

Mon, 03 Jul 2017 16:34:52 -0400

Hans Bol's mobbing engravings, Descartes' mechanistic views, Leeuwenhoek's microscope coupled with preformation vs. epigenesis, Linneaus, C. F. Wolff, and Karl von Baer contributed to the history of animal behavior.


Media Files:
http://icube.uconn.edu/04%2016th-18th%20Century.mp4




History of Animal Behavior: Episode 3: Later Greek and Roman Contributions

Tue, 27 Jun 2017 11:28:44 -0400

A brief examination of contributions to the study of animal behavior by Aristotle, Ptolemy II, Zeno, Pliny the Elder, and the Man-Brute Dichotomy of Albertus Magnus and St. Thomas Aquinas.


Media Files:
http://icube.uconn.edu/03%20Later%20Greek%20&%20Roman%20Thinkers.mp4




History of Animal Behavior: Episode 2: Early Historical Figures

Thu, 22 Jun 2017 12:58:43 -0400

How Empedocles and Xenophon made important contribution to evolutionary theory and predator avoidance, respectively; and, how those have influenced contemporary research, especially in the area of predator avoidance.


Media Files:
http://icube.uconn.edu/02%20Early%20Historical%20Figures.mp4




History of Animal Behavior: Episode 1: Cave Art & Beyond

Sat, 17 Jun 2017 13:59:35 -0400

Observations of animal behavior date back to at least the cave art of Cro Magnons. Grotte Cauvet added new insights into a keen awareness of animal behavior, along with some of the early civilizations that worshipped animals.


Media Files:
http://icube.uconn.edu/01%20Cave%20Art%20&%20Beyond.mp4




Introduction to Animal Behavior: Episode 7: Tinbergen's Four Questions

Thu, 15 Jun 2017 18:32:19 -0400

Nobel Prize winner Niko Tinbergen is known for his four questions about which investigators might orient as they pursue their research on animal behavior: Causation, Function, Phylogeny, Ontogeny. Each is considered here, as well as one of many possible reorganizations of these questions.


Media Files:
http://icube.uconn.edu/06%20Tinbergen's%204%20Questions.mp4




Introduction to Animal Behavior: Episode 6: Exploitative Uses of Animals

Sat, 03 Jun 2017 07:12:13 -0400

Examples of how humans have exploited abilities of nonhuman organisms, for better or worse, including entertainment, earthquake prediction, warfare, and helping people in a variety of ways.


Media Files:
http://icube.uconn.edu/05%20Exploitative%20Use%20of%20Animals.mp4




Introduction to Animal Behavior: Episode 5: Who Studies Animals & Why, Part 2

Mon, 29 May 2017 08:44:09 -0400

Ecologists are hugely invested in the study of animal behavior for a variety of reasons, such as imbalances of ecosystems due to introduced and/or invasive species, as well as conservation issues.


Media Files:
http://icube.uconn.edu/04%20Who%20Studies%20Animals%20&%20Why,%20Part%202.mp4




Introduction to Animal Behavior: Episode 4: Who Studies Animals & Why, Part 1

Sat, 20 May 2017 18:00:36 -0400

Scientists as well as hobbyists and enthusiasts from a variety of fields and interests have been interested in animal behavior. These include agricultural scientists, wildlife biologists, conservationists, and other scientists from a variety of disciplines.


Media Files:
http://icube.uconn.edu/04a%20Who%20Studies%20Animals%20&%20Why,%20Part%201.mp4




Introduction to Animal Behavior: Episode 3: Levels of Studying Animal Behavior

Fri, 12 May 2017 09:19:53 -0400

An examination of how anecdotes and anthropomorphism influences the study of animal behavior, as well as the scientific approaches involving observation & description, experimentation, and using nonhuman organisms as models for humans.


Media Files:
http://icube.uconn.edu/03%20Levels%20of%20Studying%20Animal%20Behavior.mp4




Introduction to Animal Behavior: Episode 2: Anthropocentrism

Mon, 08 May 2017 09:17:42 -0400

Anthropocentrism refers to viewing the behavior of nonhuman organisms from a human perspective. In other words, we often deem animals as "clever" because they do things similarly to the way we do things. For better or worse, we tend to make value judgments about animal behavior based on our own behavioral capabilities.


Media Files:
http://icube.uconn.edu/02%20Clever%20&%20Anthropocentrism.mp4




About This Animal Behavior Screencasts Series

Sat, 06 May 2017 14:10:52 -0400

A brief introduction describing what this screencast series is about.


Media Files:
http://icube.uconn.edu/About_This_Series.mp4




Introduction to Animal Behavior: Episode 1: Typical Contacts

Sat, 06 May 2017 14:23:48 -0400

Humans come into contact with nonhuman organisms in a variety of daily contexts. This episode describes some of this common situations.


Media Files:
http://icube.uconn.edu/01%20Typical%20Contacts.mp4