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Preview: EurekAlert! - Technology, Engineering and Computer Science

EurekAlert! - Technology, Engineering and Computer Science



The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.



Last Build Date: Sun, 25 Jun 2017 09:48:01 EDT

Copyright: Copyright 2017 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.
 



Research accelerates quest for quicker, longer-lasting electronics

Fri, 23 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of California - Riverside) In the world of electronics, where the quest is always for smaller and faster units with infinite battery life, topological insulators (TI) have tantalizing potential.In a paper published today in 'Science Advances,' Jing Shi, a professor of physics and astronomy at UC Riverside and colleagues MIT and Arizona State University report they have created a TI film just 25 atoms thick that adheres to an insulating magnetic film, creating a 'heterostructure.'



NASA adds up Tropical Storm Cindy's rainfall

Fri, 23 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) Tropical storm Cindy was downgraded to a tropical depression after moving onshore near the Texas and Louisiana Border on Thursday June 22, 2017 and bringing a lot of rain with it. That rainfall was measured by NASA using satellite data.



Cut US commercial building energy use 29 percent with widespread controls

Fri, 23 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory) The US could slash its energy use by the equivalent of what is currently used by 12 to 15 million Americans if commercial buildings fully used energy-efficiency controls nationwide.



Bioengineers create more durable, versatile wearable for diabetes monitoring

Fri, 23 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Texas at Dallas) Researchers at The University of Texas at Dallas are getting more out of the sweat they've put into their work on a wearable diagnostic tool that measures three diabetes-related compounds in microscopic amounts of perspiration. In a study published recently in Nature Scientific Reports, the team describes their wearable diagnostic biosensor that can detect three interconnected compounds - cortisol, glucose and interleukin-6 - in perspired sweat for up to a week without loss of signal integrity.



NIST/CU team launches 'comb and copter' system to map atmospheric gases

Fri, 23 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)) Researchers from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Colorado Boulder have demonstrated a new mobile, ground-based system that could scan and map atmospheric gas plumes over kilometer distances.



Algorithm generates origami folding patterns for any shape

Fri, 23 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Massachusetts Institute of Technology) A new algorithm generates practical paper-folding patterns to produce any 3-D structure.



Pitt's Chris Wilmer captures AIChE Young Investigator Award

Fri, 23 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Pittsburgh) The American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE) selected Christopher Wilmer, assistant professor of chemical and petroleum engineering at the University of Pittsburgh, as its 2017 recipient of the Young Investigator Award for Modeling and Simulation. According to AIChE, the award recognizes 'outstanding research in computational molecular science and engineering, encompassing both methods and applications.'



MRI without contrast agents? Yes, with sugar!

Fri, 23 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(German Cancer Research Center (Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, DKFZ)) Scientists from the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), in collaboration with colleagues from Heidelberg University Hospital, have been able to visualize brain cancer using a novel MRI method. They use a simple sugar solution instead of conventional contrast agents, which can have side effects in the body.



Equipping form with function

Fri, 23 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Institute of Science and Technology Austria) Mechanical structures in steerable cars are optimized to fit exactly one particular shape of the toy. If designers want to reuse such a mechanism with different shapes, the necessary adjustments to the components were often unmanageable for non-experts. Scientists at IST Austria have developed an interactive design tool that allows users to easily adjust a mechanical template to the shape of their choice. The tool will be presented at this year's prestigious "SIGGRAPH" conference.



UK Robotics Week to demonstrate the nation's world-leading robotics and AI research

Fri, 23 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council) The UK's world-leading robotics research will be showcased at the second UK Robotics Week, which begins on Saturday, 24 June, 2017 and runs until Friday, 30 June.A week-long program of events will take place across the country, showcasing the latest research in areas such as surgery, social care and disaster relief, and will culminate in the International Robotics Showcase, which takes place on 30 June.



Protein mingling under blue light

Fri, 23 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Institute for Basic Science) IBS scientists developed a new faster and more efficient optogenetic tool to manipulate protein clusters under blue light.



Don't leave baby boomers behind when designing wearable technology

Fri, 23 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Human Factors and Ergonomics Society) Accounting for age-related cognitive and physical challenges can increase adoption rates for older users who need help managing their health.



Putting others first can cost lives in emergencies

Fri, 23 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Waterloo) Selfless heroism isn't the best strategy in life-and-death disaster situations involving groups of people, a new study from the University of Waterloo suggests.



Researchers design sounds that can be recorded by microphones but inaudible to humans

Thu, 22 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Illinois College of Engineering) Researchers at the University of Illinois have designed a sound that is completely inaudible to humans (40 kHz or above) yet is audible to any microphone. The sound combines multiple tones that, when interacting with the microphone's mechanics, create what researchers call a 'shadow,' which is a sound that the microphones can detect.



Child safety or parental duty: New study maps out core concepts in the vaccination debate

Thu, 22 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Virginia Tech) 'A single phrase can conjure up completely different images in our minds, depending on how that concept is organized in our mental models,' said Samarth Swarup, a research assistant professor at Virginia Tech.



Walden elected fellow of the American Society for Engineering Education

Thu, 22 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Oklahoma) A University of Oklahoma research associate professor and director, Susan E. Walden, has been elected to the Academy of Fellows for the American Society for Engineering Education. Walden, the first ASEE awardee from OU, has made significant individual contributions to her body of work related to diversity and inclusion in engineering education within the P-16 initiative. The fellow designation honors her scholarship and service for improving engineering education, especially in pre-college settings.



Pitt names Minking Chyu Distinguished Service Professor

Thu, 22 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Pittsburgh) In honor of significant contributions to the University of Pittsburgh, most significantly his work toward establishing the Sichuan University - Pittsburgh Institute, Pitt Chancellor Patrick Gallagher appointed Minking Chyu as Distinguished Service Professor.



New design improves performance of flexible wearable electronics

Thu, 22 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(North Carolina State University) In a proof-of-concept study, North Carolina State University engineers have designed a flexible thermoelectric energy harvester that has the potential to rival the effectiveness of existing power wearable electronic devices using body heat as the only source of energy.



A rising star

Thu, 22 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of California - Santa Barbara) It's a tiny marine invertebrate, no more than 3 millimeters in size. But closely related to humans, Botryllus schlosseri might hold the key to new treatments for cancer and a host of vascular diseases.



Tiny nanoparticles offer significant potential in detecting/treating disease new review of work on exosomes

Thu, 22 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Swansea University) Exosomes - tiny biological nanoparticles which transfer information between cells - offer significant potential in detecting and treating disease, the most comprehensive overview so far of research in the field has concluded. Areas which could benefit include cancer treatment and regenerative medicine.



How pythons regenerate their organs and other secrets of the snake genome

Thu, 22 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center) Snakes exhibit incredible evolutionary adaptations, including the ability to rapidly regenerate their organs and produce venom. The Castoe group at the University of Texas at Arlington studied these adaptations using genetic sequencing and advanced computing. Supercomputers of the Texas Advanced Computing Center helped the team identify a number of genes associated with organ growth in Burmese pythons, study secondary contact in related rattlesnake species, and develop tools to recognize evolutionary changes caused by natural selection.



UTA to develop solution ensuring better user experience with data center optimization

Thu, 22 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Texas at Arlington) Hao Che, a professor in the Department of Computer Science and Engineering at The University of Texas at Arlington, and Hong Jiang, the Wendell H. Nedderman Professor and department chair of CSE, believe they have a mathematical solution that will allow outstanding user experiences while balancing computing and network resource allocation.



NASA's infrared and radar eyes in space cast on Tropical Storm Cindy

Thu, 22 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) NASA's Aqua satellite analyzed Tropical Storm Cindy in infrared light to identify areas of strongest storms and the Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM satellite found locations of heaviest rainfall as Cindy was making landfall along the US Gulf Coast states.



NASA's Webb telescope gets freezing summertime lodging in Houston

Thu, 22 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) NASA's James Webb Space Telescope was placed in Johnson Space Center's historic Chamber A on June 20, 2017, to prepare for its final three months of testing in a cryogenic vacuum that mimics temperatures in space.



Holey pattern boosts coherence of nanomechanical membrane vibrations

Thu, 22 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Faculty of Science - University of Copenhagen) Researchers at the Niels Bohr Institute have introduced a new type of nanomechanical resonator, in which a pattern of holes localizes vibrations to a small region in a 30 nm thick membrane. The pattern dramatically suppresses coupling to random fluctuations in the environment, boosting the vibrations' coherence. The researchers' quantitative understanding and numerical models provide a versatile blueprint for ultracoherent nanomechanical devices. Among others, this enables a new generation of nanomechanical sensors to probe quantum limits of mechanical measurements, and more sensitive force microscopy.