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Preview: EurekAlert! - Technology, Engineering and Computer Science

EurekAlert! - Technology, Engineering and Computer Science



The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.



Last Build Date: Sun, 19 Feb 2017 20:48:01 EST

Copyright: Copyright 2017 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.
 



GBSI reports encouraging progress toward improved research reproducibility by year 2020

Sun, 19 Feb 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Global Biological Standards Institute) One year after Global Biological Standards Institute issued its Reproducibility2020 challenge and action plan for the biomedical research community, the organization reports encouraging progress toward the goal to significantly improve the quality of preclinical biological research by year 2020. The Report is the first comprehensive review of community-led action and impact to improve life sciences research reproducibility since the issue became more widely known in 2012, and it outlines priorities going forward.



Save the bees? There's an app for that

Sun, 19 Feb 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of Vermont) A new mobile app can calculate the crop productivity and pollination benefits of supporting endangered bees.



How to build a bio-bot: Researchers share design and development of biological machines

Sat, 18 Feb 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) Creating tiny muscle-powered robots that can walk or swim by themselves -- or better yet, when prompted -- is more complicated than it looks. Rashid Bashir and Taher Saif of the University of Illinois will speak on the design and development of walking and swimming bio-bots at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.



NASA examines Ex-Tropical Cyclone Dineo's rainfall

Fri, 17 Feb 2017 00:00:00 EST

(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) NASA examined the heavy rainfall generated by Tropical Cyclone Dineo as it made landfall in Mozambique and NASA's Terra satellite spotted the storm's remnants over four countries.



Satellite views storm system affecting Southern California

Fri, 17 Feb 2017 00:00:00 EST

(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) Satellite imagery captured the beginning of a chain of Eastern Pacific Ocean storms forecast to affect the US West Coast. A close-up satellite view show from Feb. 17 shows a large storm system affecting southern California, while a wider satellite view revealed a second storm system in the Central Pacific Ocean headed toward the east.



New research examines patients' satisfaction with their radiologists

Fri, 17 Feb 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Harvey L. Neiman Health Policy Institute) New research reports that most US radiologists receive favorable satisfaction scores from their patients. The study, supported by research grants from the Harvey L. Neiman Health Policy Institute, is published online in the American Journal of Roentgenology (AJR).



PPPL-led fusion code selected for all 3 pre-exascale supercomputers

Fri, 17 Feb 2017 00:00:00 EST

(DOE/Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory) Description of PPPL-led fusion code selected to run on all three pre-exascale supercomputers.



UConn to speed human limb growth

Fri, 17 Feb 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of Connecticut) The University of Connecticut has joined the Advanced Regenerative Manufacturing Institute as a partner for the purpose of sharing its revolutionary human tissue and limb regeneration technologies.



Egg-free surrogate chickens produced in bid to save rare breeds

Fri, 17 Feb 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of Edinburgh) Hens that do not produce their own chicks have been developed for use as surrogates to lay eggs from rare breeds. The advance -- using gene-editing techniques -- could help to boost breeding of endangered birds, as well as improving production of commercial hens, researchers say.



System automatically detects cracks in nuclear power plants

Fri, 17 Feb 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Purdue University) A new automated system detects cracks in the steel components of nuclear power plants and has been shown to be more accurate than other automated systems.



Efficient power converter for internet of things

Fri, 17 Feb 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Massachusetts Institute of Technology) At the International Solid-State Circuits Conference, researchers from MIT's Microsystems Technologies Laboratories (MTL) presented a new power converter that maintains its efficiency at currents ranging from 500 picoamps to 1 milliamp, a span that encompasses a 200,000-fold increase in current levels.



Developing a catalytic conveyor belt

Fri, 17 Feb 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of Pittsburgh) Capitalizing on previous studies in self-powered chemo-mechanical movement, researchers at the University of Pittsburgh's Swanson School of Engineering and Penn State University's Department of Chemistry have developed a novel method of transporting particles that utilizes chemical reactions to drive fluid flow within microfluidic devices.



Designing new materials from 'small' data

Fri, 17 Feb 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Northwestern University) A Northwestern and Los Alamos team developed a novel workflow combining machine learning and density functional theory calculations to create design guidelines for new materials that exhibit useful electronic properties, such as ferroelectricity and piezoelectricity.



Breakthrough with a chain of gold atoms

Fri, 17 Feb 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of Konstanz) The precise control of electron transport in microelectronics makes complex logic circuits possible that are in daily use in smartphones and laptops.



Researchers replicate nature's ability to reflect light to develop innovative ma

Fri, 17 Feb 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of Surrey) Researchers from the University of Surrey have developed an innovative new technique to mimic one of nature's greatest achievements -- natural structural color.



Molecular phenomenon discovered by advanced NMR facility

Fri, 17 Feb 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of Warwick) Cutting edge technology has shown a molecule self-assembling into different forms when passing between solution state to solid state, and back again -- a curious phenomenon in science -- says research by the University of Warwick.



Future trends for top materials by Mario J F Calvete

Fri, 17 Feb 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Bentham Science Publishers) In the last four decades materials science has evolved and developed into a very diverse range of highly specialized family of compounds -- from what were once essentially esoteric, often topical, basic research specialties -- into what one would clearly class today as one of the most significant and important industrial fields and specializations of our modern era.



Researchers are first to see DNA 'blink'

Fri, 17 Feb 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Northwestern University) Northwestern University biomedical engineers have developed imaging technology that is the first to see DNA 'blink,' or fluoresce. The tool enables researchers to study individual biomolecules (DNA, chromatin, proteins) as well as important global patterns of gene expression, which could yield insights into cancer. Vadim Backman will discuss the technology and its applications -- including the new concept of macrogenomics, a technology aiming to regulate the global patterns of gene expression without gene editing -- at the 2017 AAAS annual meeting.



'Lossless' metamaterial could boost efficiency of lasers and other light-based devices

Fri, 17 Feb 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of California - San Diego) Engineers at the University of California San Diego have developed a material that could reduce signal losses in photonic devices. The advance has the potential to boost the efficiency of various light-based technologies including fiber optic communication systems, lasers and photovoltaics.



Six-legged robots faster than nature-inspired gait

Fri, 17 Feb 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne) Researchers at EPFL and UNIL have discovered a faster and more efficient gait, never observed in nature, for six-legged robots walking on flat ground. Bio-inspired gaits -- less efficient for robots -- are used by real insects since they have adhesive pads to walk in three dimensions. The results provide novel approaches for roboticists and new information to biologists.



Particles from outer space are wreaking low-grade havoc on personal electronics

Fri, 17 Feb 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Vanderbilt University) Alien subatomic particles raining down from outer space are wreaking low-grade havoc on your smartphones, computers and other personal electronic devices.



NIST quest for climate-friendly refrigerants finds complicated choices

Fri, 17 Feb 2017 00:00:00 EST

(National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)) Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have just completed a multiyear study to identify the 'best' candidates for future use as air conditioning refrigerants that will have the lowest impact on the climate.



DNA computer brings 'intelligent drugs' a step closer

Fri, 17 Feb 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Eindhoven University of Technology) Researchers at Eindhoven University of Technology present a new method that should enable controlled drug delivery into the bloodstream using DNA computers. Led by biomedical engineer Maarten Merkx the team developed the first DNA computer capable of detecting several antibodies in the blood and performing subsequent calculations based on this input. This is an important step towards the development of smart, 'intelligent' drugs that may allow better control of medication with fewer side-effects and at lower cost.



Liquid metal nano printing set to revolutionize electronics

Fri, 17 Feb 2017 00:00:00 EST

(RMIT University) New technique uses liquid metals to create large wafers around 1.5 nanometres in depth to produce integrated circuits.



Gene drives: Science, ethics, and public engagement

Fri, 17 Feb 2017 00:00:00 EST

(The Hastings Center) Hastings Center research scholar assesses benefits and harms of genetically modifying mosquitos and other organisms in session at AAAS annual meeting on Friday, Feb. 17.