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Preview: EurekAlert! - Technology, Engineering and Computer Science

EurekAlert! - Technology, Engineering and Computer Science



The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.



Last Build Date: Fri, 15 Dec 2017 22:48:01 EST

Copyright: Copyright 2017 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.
 



W. M. Keck Observatory awarded NSF grant to boost performance of adaptive optics system

Fri, 15 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(W. M. Keck Observatory) The National Science Foundation has awarded funding to the W. M. Keck Observatory on Maunakea, Hawaii, for a significant enhancement of the performance of the Adaptive Optics system on the Keck II telescope.



Single-photon detector can count to 4

Fri, 15 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Duke University) Engineers have shown that a widely used method of detecting single photons can also count the presence of at least four photons at a time. The researchers say this discovery will unlock new capabilities in physics labs working in quantum information science around the world, while providing easier paths to developing quantum-based technologies.



UTA civil engineer patents integrated sensor and algorithm to monitor stiffness in soils

Fri, 15 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of Texas at Arlington) Anand Puppala, associate dean for research in the College of Engineering at the University of Texas at Arlington and a civil engineering professor, recently was awarded a patent for developing a sensor system with an algorithm that will expedite field assessment of stabilization of high sulfate soils near bridges and roads.



UTA discovery could reduce cost, energy for high-speed Internet connections

Fri, 15 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of Texas at Arlington) UTA and University of Vermont researchers developed an optical medium in which multiple beams of light can autocorrect their properties without affecting other beams. This could lead to a dramatic reduction in the cost and energy consumption of high-speed internet communications.



UTA leads Texas universities for NAI Fellows

Fri, 15 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of Texas at Arlington) The election of Dereje Agonafer, Jenkins Garrett Professor in the Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Department at the University of Texas at Arlington, to the National Academy of Inventors brings the number of NAI Fellows at UTA to 12. This marks the highest number of NAI Fellows at any university in Texas.



Journal of Biomedical Optics and Neurophotonics to become fully open-access journals

Fri, 15 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(SPIE--International Society for Optics and Photonics) Two journals published by SPIE, the international society for optics and photonics, will become fully open access in January 2019, the society has announced. Both the Journal of Biomedical Optics and Neurophotonics will transition beginning with submissions received as of July 2018.



BIDMC researchers use artificial intelligence to identify bacteria quickly and accurately

Fri, 15 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center) Microscopes enhanced with artificial intelligence (AI) could help clinical microbiologists diagnose potentially deadly blood infections and improve patients' odds of survival, according to microbiologists at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC).



Amber-tinted glasses may provide relief for insomnia

Fri, 15 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Columbia University Medical Center) Researchers from Columbia University Medical Center tested a method to reduce the adverse effects of evening ambient light exposure, while still allowing use of blue light-emitting devices.



What does hair loss have to teach us about cancer metastasis?

Fri, 15 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Medical University of South Carolina) Researchers at the Medical University of South Carolina have identified a signaling pathway regulating cell migration and metastasis. Unexpected hair loss in a preclinical model helped them to identify the pathway. When cells within the skin that maintain hair follicles migrate too often, hair follicle maintenance is disrupted. Researchers speculated that this pathway might also play a role in cancer cell migration. Indeed, they showed that disrupting this pathway in preclinical models increased metastasis.



The conversational intelligence challenge finals

Fri, 15 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology) On Dec. 8 the Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS) hosted the finals of Conversational Intelligence Challenge. The challenge was organized within the collaboration of AI research universities.



Could a new app help cure loneliness?

Fri, 15 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Lancaster University) Researchers from Lancaster University are exploring whether technology could be the key to tackling the UK's loneliness epidemic by better connecting older adults with their communities.



Error-free into the quantum computer age

Fri, 15 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Swansea University) A study led by physicists at Swansea University in Wales, carried out by an international team of researchers and published in the journal Physical Review X shows that ion-trap technologies available today are suitable for building large-scale quantum computers. The scientists introduce trapped-ion quantum error correction protocols that detect and correct processing errors.



Space station research explorer on NASA.gov launches phase one

Fri, 15 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(NASA/Johnson Space Center) Researchers, prospective partners, media professionals, students, and space enthusiasts now have more space station science at their fingertips with Space Station Research Explorer on NASA.gov (SSRE on NASA.gov). The new information exploration tool enables researchers, practiced and amateur alike, to stay up-to-date with the science being conducted aboard the International Space Station.



Graphene in zero G promises success in space

Fri, 15 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Graphene Flagship) In a successful collaboration between the Graphene Flagship and the European Space Agency, experiments testing graphene for two different space-related applications have shown extremely promising results. Based on these results, the Flagship are continuing to develop graphene devices for use in space.



A new theory to describe widely used material

Fri, 15 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Linköping University) LiU researcher Klas Tybrandt has put forward a theoretical model that explains the coupling between ions and electrons in the widely used conducting polymer PEDOT:PSS. The model has profound implications for applications in printed electronics, energy storage in paper, and bioelectronics.



NASA sees Tropical Storm Kai-Tak moving over the Philippines

Fri, 15 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) NASA's Aqua satellite provided infrared imagery of Tropical Storm Kai-Tak that revealed the western side of storm had moved into the southern and central Philippines. Infrared data revealed very cold cloud top temperatures with the potential for heavy rainfall.



A shoe-box-sized chemical detector

Fri, 15 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of Michigan) A chemical sensor prototype developed at the University of Michigan will be able to detect 'single-fingerprint quantities' of substances from a distance of more than 100 feet away, and its developers are working to shrink it to the size of a shoebox.



Quantum memory with record-breaking capacity based on laser-cooled atoms

Fri, 15 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Faculty of Physics University of Warsaw) The emerging domain of parallelized quantum information processing opens up new possibilities for precise measurements, communication and imaging. Precise control of multiple stored photons allows efficient handling of this subtle information in large amounts. In the Quantum Memories Laboratory at Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw a group of laser-cooled atoms has been used as a memory which can store simultaneously up to 665 quantum states of light. The experimental results have been published in a prestigious Nature Communications journal.



3-D nanoscale imaging made possible

Fri, 15 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(De Gruyter Open) In a research article '3D Nano-scale Imaging by Plasmonic Brownian Microscopy' published today in Nanophotonics, the team around Prof. Xiang Zhang from the University of California in Berkeley demonstrate a method for meeting this challenge with stunning properties.



Martti is the first Finnish robot car to challenge snow and ice

Fri, 15 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland) Martti, the robot car developed by VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, is the first automated car to have driven fully autonomously on a real snow-covered road.



More electronic materials opened up with new metal-organic framework

Fri, 15 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of Warwick) More materials for electronic applications could be identified, thanks to the discovery of a new metal-organic framework (MOF) that displays electrical semiconduction with a record high photoresponsivity, by a global research collaboration involving the University of Warwick.



Russian scientists developed a new technology of energy generation from bituminous coal

Fri, 15 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Ural Federal University) A team from Ural Federal University (UrFU) developed a new efficient technology of electrical power generation from bituminous coal. The results of the study were published in International Journal of Hydrogen Energy.



Record high photoconductivity for new metal-organic framework material

Fri, 15 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of Surrey) An international team of scientists, from the University of Surrey, University of São Paulo (Brazil), the University of Warwick and the University of Grenoble-Alpes (France), has created a new metal-organic framework (MOF) that has shown record-high photo-conductivity levels for a material of its type.



Kenneth Holmberg wins the highest international award in the field

Fri, 15 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland) The Tribology Trust will present VTT's Professor Kenneth Holmberg with the most highly prized award in the field, the Tribology Gold Medal Award, for his long-standing, major achievements in material and friction research.



KAIST team develops technology to find optimum drug target for cancer

Fri, 15 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(The Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST)) A KAIST research team led by Professor Kwang-Hyun Cho of the Department of Bio and Brain Engineering developed technology to find the optimum drug target according to the type of cancer cell. The team used systems biology to analyze molecular network dynamics that reflect genetic mutations in cancer cells and to predict drug response. The technology could contribute greatly to future anti-cancer drug development.