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Preview: EurekAlert! - Technology, Engineering and Computer Science

EurekAlert! - Technology, Engineering and Computer Science



The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.



Last Build Date: Sun, 04 Dec 2016 16:48:02 EST

Copyright: Copyright 2016 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.
 



Overcoming the limitations of optical microscopy

Fri, 02 Dec 2016 00:00:00 EST

(Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin) A research group led by Professor Dr. Benjamin Judkewitz at Charité -- Universitätsmedizin Berlin is planning to overcome the limitations of optical microscopy and produce images of deeper tissue layers. The laboratory's endeavors are being funded by the European Research Council, which has allocated a total of €1.49 million over a period of five years.



Open-source tools accelerate plant breeding in developing countries

Fri, 02 Dec 2016 00:00:00 EST

(Boyce Thompson Institute) The GOBII Project has developed new software to help plant breeders in developing countries to pick the best parent varieties for adding new traits into existing high-yield crops.



An open harbor for research data

Fri, 02 Dec 2016 00:00:00 EST

(Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT) ) Large-scale experiments and simulations in science supply an increasing amount of data. The way from data to knowledge, however, also needs a new quality of memory and analysis options. The Helmholtz Association now assumes a pioneer role in the permanent, secure, and usable storage of data. For managing big data in science, it has established the Helmholtz Data Federation coordinated by KIT.



Superconductivity of pure Bismuth crystal at 0.00053 K

Fri, 02 Dec 2016 00:00:00 EST

(Tata Institute of Fundamental Research) Scientists at TIFR Mumbai have discovered superconductivity of pure Bismuth crystal. A new mechanism is at play as existing theories cannot explain this discovery. This paves the way for the discovery of a new class of superconductors.



Shape matters when light meets atom

Fri, 02 Dec 2016 00:00:00 EST

(Centre for Quantum Technologies at the National University of Singapore) Scientists at the Centre for Quantum Technologies at the National University of Singapore have shown that a photon's shape affects how it is absorbed by a single atom. The experiment involved infrared photons some 4 meters long and Rubidium atoms less than a nanometer wide.



Construction of practical quantum computers radically simplified

Fri, 02 Dec 2016 00:00:00 EST

(University of Sussex) Scientists at the University of Sussex have invented a ground-breaking new method that puts the construction of large-scale quantum computers within reach of current technology.



Dresden-based carbon concrete scientists win the Deutsche Zukunftspreis 2016

Fri, 02 Dec 2016 00:00:00 EST

(Technische Universität Dresden) TU Dresden's professors Manfred Curbach, Chokri Cherif, and Peter Offermann are the winners of the 'Deutscher Zukunftspreis 2016' (German Future Award). On Nov. 30, Germany's Federal President Joachim Gauck presented the award endowed with €250,000 in Berlin.



'Chariot' on course to deliver healthier homes and lower energy bills

Fri, 02 Dec 2016 00:00:00 EST

(Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council) Successful trials of Chariot, a unique new system that simultaneously records temperature, humidity and energy use in the home, have opened the way for low-income households to save money while reducing risks to their health. Harnessing Internet of Things technology, the system generates easy-to-use data that can help local authorities, housing associations, energy suppliers, health authorities and others to target and tailor the energy advice they give to vulnerable people.



Cement made from steel production byproduct can lead to a huge CO2 reduction

Fri, 02 Dec 2016 00:00:00 EST

(Eindhoven University of Technology) Steel production generates some hundred million tons of steel slag worldwide each year. Professor of building materials, Jos Brouwers, will be working with industrial partners to investigate whether he can make cement out of it. If he succeeds, more CO2 emissions can be cut than is yearly produced by all the traffic in the Netherlands.



Faster, noninvasive method to determine the severity of a heart failure

Fri, 02 Dec 2016 00:00:00 EST

(Eindhoven University of Technology) Researchers at Eindhoven University of Technology and the Catharina Hospital in Eindhoven have developed a method that is very quick, noninvasive, cost-effective and can be performed at the hospital bedside. Moreover, this method appears to have a predictive value for whether or not a double pacemaker will be successful.



High-precision magnetic field sensing

Fri, 02 Dec 2016 00:00:00 EST

(ETH Zurich) Scientists have developed a highly sensitive sensor to detect tiny changes in strong magnetic fields. The sensor may find widespread use in medicine and other areas.



Student's award-winning graphene battery could slash electric-car charging times

Fri, 02 Dec 2016 00:00:00 EST

(University of Sussex) A student engineer from the University of Sussex in the UK has won a car industry award for designing a new battery that could revolutionize electric vehicles.



More than 100,000 people challenge Einstein in a unique worldwide quantum physics experiment

Fri, 02 Dec 2016 00:00:00 EST

(ICFO-The Institute of Photonic Sciences) On Nov. 30, more than 100,000 people participated in the BIG Bell Test, a global experiment to test the laws of quantum physics. Participants were able to complete more than half a million levels of the video game that generated more than 90 million bits, a number that tripled the initial expectations of the scientific team leading the project.



PolyU and Huawei jointly set up the first lab in optical communication and advanced computing system in Hong Kong

Fri, 02 Dec 2016 00:00:00 EST

(The Hong Kong Polytechnic University ) The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU) is proud to unveil the plaque today for the 'PolyU-Huawei Joint Laboratory for Optical Interconnection Network and Advanced Computing System' (Joint Lab). This is the first joint laboratory of high-capacity optical communications and advanced computing systems in Hong Kong.



Physicists decipher electronic properties of materials in work that may change transistors

Fri, 02 Dec 2016 00:00:00 EST

(University of Texas at Dallas) University of Texas at Dallas physicists have published new findings examining the electrical properties of materials that could be harnessed for next-generation transistors and electronics. Dr. Fan Zhang, assistant professor of physics, and senior physics student Armin Khamoshi recently published their research on transition metal dichalcogenides, or TMDs, in the journal Nature Communications.



New aspect of atom mimicry for nanotechnology applications

Fri, 02 Dec 2016 00:00:00 EST

(Tokyo Institute of Technology) Tokyo Tech researchers show dendrimers that mimic the electron valency of atoms can also mimic polymerisation yielding controlled one and two-dimensional arrays of nanocontainers.



A radiation-free approach to imaging molecules in the brain

Fri, 02 Dec 2016 00:00:00 EST

(Massachusetts Institute of Technology) Scientists hoping to see molecules that control brain activity have devised a probe that lets them image such molecules without using chemical or radioactive labels. The sensors consist of proteins that detect a particular target, which causes them to dilate blood vessels, producing a change in blood flow that can be imaged with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or other techniques.



China's pristine parks get more merit

Thu, 01 Dec 2016 00:00:00 EST

(Griffith University) A first of its kind study has measured how parks in China have been affected by human impact, and found the most pristine areas are in Tibet and neighboring provinces.Researchers from Griffith University and Beijing's Chinese Academy of Sciences mapped and analyzed the Human Footprint Index for 1834 terrestrial Nature Reserves of mainland China.



UTA CAPPA student wins statewide bullet train station design competition

Thu, 01 Dec 2016 00:00:00 EST

(University of Texas at Arlington) A University of Texas at Arlington student has won a statewide design competition for her Dallas station design for the Texas Central Partners' bullet train that is planned to run between Houston and Dallas by the early 2020s.



UTSA study describes new minimally invasive device to treat cancer and other illnesses

Thu, 01 Dec 2016 00:00:00 EST

(University of Texas at San Antonio) A new study by Lyle Hood, assistant professor of mechanical engineering at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), describes a new device that could revolutionize the delivery of medicine to treat cancer as well as a host of other diseases and ailments. Hood developed the device in partnership with Alessandro Grattoni, chair of the Department of Nanomedicine at Houston Methodist Research Institute.



Monell Center receives grant to develop technologies to improve taste of lifesaving drugs

Thu, 01 Dec 2016 00:00:00 EST

(Monell Chemical Senses Center) The Monell Center announced today that it has received a $345,000 grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. The grant supports an innovative global health research project titled, 'Developing Novel Pediatric Formulation Technologies for Global Health: Human Taste Assays.'



Plasma-zapping process could yield trans fat-free soybean oil product

Thu, 01 Dec 2016 00:00:00 EST

(Purdue University) Purdue University researchers have developed a hydrogenation process that could solidify soybean oil for food processing without creating trans fats, which have been linked to heart disease and stroke.



DOE project to evaluate safety of transporting used nuclear fuel

Thu, 01 Dec 2016 00:00:00 EST

(University of Houston) With more than 74,000 metric tons of used nuclear fuel stored at locations around the United States, ensuring the safety of moving it to more secure disposal sites is a top federal priority. A University of Houston engineer will lead a $3 million, multi-institution effort to develop monitoring techniques to ensure the nuclear materials remain stable during transit.



For the first time, scientists catch water molecules passing the proton baton

Thu, 01 Dec 2016 00:00:00 EST

(University of Washington) Water conducts electricity, but the process by which this familiar fluid passes along positive charges has puzzled scientists for decades. But in a paper published in the Dec. 2 in issue of the journal Science, an international team of researchers has finally caught water in the act -- showing how water molecules pass along excess charges and, in the process, conduct electricity.



New police training draws from science of deadly force

Thu, 01 Dec 2016 00:00:00 EST

(Washington State University) A portable use-of-force simulator aimed at launching a new era in police training is being rolled out by Washington State University. The Counter Bias Training Simulation is the only simulation technology using interactive video scenarios derived from extensive research of actual police-involved shootings over 30 years in the US. Developed by WSU researchers in Spokane, the device is being offered as a science-driven training tool at a time when shootings involving police are under intense public scrutiny.