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EurekAlert! - Technology, Engineering and Computer Science



The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.



Last Build Date: Fri, 09 Sep 2016 03:48:00 EDT

Copyright: Copyright 2016 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.
 



Application of the mathematics of harmony -- Golden non-Euclidean geometry in modern math

Fri, 09 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(World Scientific) A masterful exploration of history and the essence of mathematical reasoning to the future development of modern science and mathematics.



New vaccination strategies coach immune system to make HIV-neutralizing antibodies

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(International AIDS Vaccine Initiative) New approaches that could spur the human body to produce HIV-blocking antibodies have been successful in mice mimicking the human immune system, according to five studies published today in the research journals Cell, Immunity and Science.



Life after Fitbit: Appealing to those who feel guilty vs. free

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Washington) Is life better or worse after sticking your Fitbit in a drawer? UW researchers surveyed hundreds of people who had abandoned self-tracking tools and found emotions ranged from guilt to indifference to relief that the tracking experience was over.



European Research Council awards €1.5 million to arm cereals against pathogens and diseases

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(Earlham Institute) Announced today by the European Research Council, Dr. Ksenia Krasileva, Group Leader at the Earlham Institute and the Sainsbury Laboratory has been awarded a €1.5 million Starting Grant (over five years) to investigate the immune system of our most important crops. Her research into plants' immune system could create new genetic solutions for protecting plant health and future sustainable crop production.



NASA sees remnants of Tropical Cyclone Newton over Southwestern US

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) NASA's Aqua satellite passed over the US Southwest and captured infrared data on the clouds associated with former Tropical Cyclone Newton.



NASA takes parting look at Hermine

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) Satellite imagery showed that Post-Tropical Cyclone Hermine was just a swirl of clouds with no rainfall off the coast of southeastern Massachusetts on Thursday, Sept. 8. Just two days earlier, the GPM satellite saw that Hermine was still generating some rainfall.



NIST and Navy tests suggest telecom networks could back up GPS time signals

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)) The National Institute of Standards and Technology and the US Naval Observatory, which operate US civilian and military time standards, respectively, have worked with two companies -- Monroe, Louisiana-based CenturyLink, and Aliso Viejo, California-based Microsemi -- to identify a practical GPS backup possibility: commercial fiber-optic telecommunications networks.



Social networks enable smart household appliances to make better recommendations

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(University of the Basque Country ) In his Ph.D. thesis, David Nuñez, a UPV/EHU computer engineer, has improved the tools for predicting the trust that a user will place in another in his/her social environment and has come up with a new algorithm that selects in less time the minimum set of users of a social network capable of influencing the maximum possible number of users of the network.



UBC research could help local governments plan together

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(University of British Columbia Okanagan campus) A new approach to modelling land use change developed at UBC could help cities and towns better coordinate their land-use planning efforts.The approach can enhance existing computer planning models, better enabling planners to consider how the land-use patterns of their neighbors could impact planning in their own communities.



Negative experiences on Facebook linked to increased depression risk in young adults

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(Brown University) A unique new study of young adults finds that negative experiences on Facebook may increase the risk of depressive symptoms, suggesting that online social interactions have important consequences for mental health.



ERC Starting Grants: €485 million in grants to 325 top researchers across Europe

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(European Research Council) The European Research Council (ERC) has announced today the awarding of its Starting Grants to 325 early-career researchers throughout Europe. The funding, worth in total €485 million and up to €1.5 million per grant, will enable them to set up their own research teams and pursue ground-breaking ideas.



Carnegie Mellon algorithm detects online fraudsters

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(Carnegie Mellon University) An algorithm developed at Carnegie Mellon University makes it easier to determine if someone has faked an Amazon or Yelp review or if a politician with a suspiciously large number of Twitter followers might have bought and paid for that popularity.



Kymouse success in steps to developing HIV vaccine

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(Don Powell Associates Ltd) Kymab, the Scripps Research Institute, and the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative show that a novel approach using Kymouse, a modified mouse that mimics human antibody responses, and an immunogen of HIV-protein nanoparticles is an effective platform for discovering and testing possible HIV vaccines. Immunized mice produced human antibodies against the virus protein, the first proof of principle that this strategy can work, triggering the response required to test components of a future vaccine.



Chemists devise revolutionary 3-D bone-scanning technique

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(Trinity College Dublin) Chemists from Trinity College Dublin have devised a scanning technique for bones that does not expose patients to X-ray radiation but provides exceptional 3-D images from which diagnoses and prognoses can be made. Their technique now provides information on bone quality as well as quantity.



Containing our 'electromagnetic pollution'

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(Drexel University) Electromagnetic radiation is everywhere -- that's been the case since the beginning of the universe. But the proliferation of electronics in recent decades has contributed both to the volume of radiation generated on our planet and its noticeability. A group of researchers at Drexel University and the Korea Institute of Science & Technology is working on cleaning up this electromagnetic pollution by containing the emissions with a thin coating of a nanomaterial called MXene.



New 'Trojan horse' antibody strategy shows promise against all Ebola viruses

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(Albert Einstein College of Medicine) In research published in Science, a team of scientists describe a new therapeutic strategy to target a hidden Achilles' heel shared by all known types of Ebola virus. Two antibodies developed with this strategy blocked the invasion of human cells by all five ebolaviruses. The team included scientists from Albert Einstein College of Medicine, US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Integrated Biotherapeutics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, and The Scripps Research Institute.



Beer yeasts are dogs, wine yeasts are cats

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(VIB (the Flanders Institute for Biotechnology)) People have been enjoying the ability of yeasts to produce beer and wine since the dawn of civilization. Researchers from VIB, KU Leuven, Ghent University found that yeasts used for beer and winemaking have been domesticated in the 16th century, around 100 years before the discovery of microbes. With a US research team, the Belgian teams analyzed genomes and fermentation characteristics of more than 150 industrial yeasts used to produce different beers, wines and bread.



One-tenth of the world's wilderness lost in 2 decades

Wed, 07 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(James Cook University) A research team including Professor William Laurance from James Cook University has discovered there has been a catastrophic decline in global wilderness areas during the past 20 years.



New material to revolutionize water proofing

Wed, 07 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(Australian National University) Scientists at The Australian National University (ANU) have developed a new spray-on material with a remarkable ability to repel water.The new protective coating could eventually be used to waterproof mobile phones, prevent ice from forming on airplanes or protect boat hulls from corroding.



Stealth pig cells may hold the key to treating diabetes in humans

Wed, 07 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Alabama at Birmingham) University of Alabama at Birmingham researchers are exploring ways to wrap pig tissue with a protective coating to ultimately fight diabetes in humans. The nano-thin bilayers of protective material are meant to deter or prevent immune rejection. The ultimate goal: transplant insulin-producing cell-clusters from pigs into humans to treat Type 1 diabetes.



The Exascale Computing Project announces $39.8 million in first-round development awards

Wed, 07 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(DOE/US Department of Energy) The Department of Energy's Exascale Computing Project (ECP) today announced its first round of funding with the selection of 15 application development proposals for full funding and seven proposals for seed funding, representing teams from 45 research and academic organizations.



UAlberta mechanical engineering in hot pursuit of creeping bacteria

Wed, 07 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Alberta) The growth of bacterial biofilm is problematic when you think of all the liquid flowing through all those miles of tubing at your local hospital or Medi-Centre. The movement of bacteria with flow can lead to the spread of infection. Mechanical engineering professor Aloke Kumar's lab set out to study the formation of the filaments, as well as the conditions under which they begin to break down and finally break off.



Oberg Industries partners with Pitt's Swanson School to advance additive manufacturing

Wed, 07 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Pittsburgh) To solve some of industry's most difficult additive manufacturing problems, Oberg Industries and the University of Pittsburgh's Swanson School of Engineering have partnered to combine Oberg expertise in manufacturing complex tooling and precision machined or stamped metal components with Pitt's ANSYS Additive Manufacturing Research Laboratory (AMRL).



Brilliant at any age: ONR researchers, robots and MIT

Wed, 07 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(Office of Naval Research) Three researchers sponsored by the Office of Naval Research are being recognized as outstanding innovators by the MIT Technology Review-which is published by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology to show how the world is being dramatically shaped by new technology.



The perfect car, according to science

Wed, 07 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(University of California - Riverside) What does the ideal car look like?University of California, Riverside professor Subramanian 'Bala' Balachander and his collaborators explored that question in a study that is forthcoming in the Journal of Marketing.