Last Build Date: Mon, 24 Apr 2017 08:48:01 EDTCopyright: Copyright 2017 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.
Mon, 24 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(RMIT University) Australian researchers have successfully completed phase one human trials of ingestible capsules that have the potential to revolutionise the prevention and diagnosis of gut disorders and diseases.
Mon, 24 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(Diamond Light Source) Scientists have utilised Diamond Light Source to develop a new method to extract previously hidden information from the X-ray diffraction data that are measured when resolving the three-dimensional (3-D) atomic structures of proteins and other biological molecules.
Mon, 24 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(University of Bath) Vaccines and antibodies could be transported and stored without refrigeration by capturing them in tiny silica 'cages', a discovery which could make getting vital medicines to patients much easier, cheaper and safer.
Fri, 21 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(Indiana University) Wind-driven expansion of marsh ponds on the Mississippi River Delta is a significant factor in the loss of crucial land in the Delta region, according to research published by scientists at Indiana University and North Carolina State University. The study found that 17 percent of land loss in the area resulted from pond expansion, much of it caused by waves that eroded away the edges of the pond.
Fri, 21 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(University of Illinois College of Engineering) Reflecting the structure of composites found in nature and the ancient world, researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have synthesized thin carbon nanotube (CNT) textiles that exhibit both high electrical conductivity and a level of toughness that is about fifty times higher than copper films, currently used in electronics.
Fri, 21 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(University of Maryland School of Medicine) The University of Maryland School of Medicine has been awarded a $9 million seven-year grant to develop new tools against drug-resistant malaria in Southeast Asia.
Fri, 21 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(University of Oxford) After extensive research scientists from the Department of Chemistry at the University of Oxford have found experimental evidence of melting in two-dimensional substances. Findings from the study could be used to support technological improvements to thin film materials such as graphene.
Fri, 21 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(American Thoracic Society) Better medical responses to the accidental or intentional release of inhaled toxic chemicals are being developed, but the field faces considerable challenges, according to a new report by an international panel of experts.The report, 'Chemical Inhalation Disasters: Biology of Lung Injury, Development of Novel Therapeutics, and Medical Preparedness,' has been published online in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.
Fri, 21 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(University of Cincinnati) A UC geography professor built the most detailed map of racial diversity yet to study the way America's neighborhoods are changing.
Fri, 21 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(NORC at the University of Chicago) A new nationally representative survey of American teenagers age 13-17 finds that teens have shifted their favored social media platforms and are now most likely to use Instagram and Snapchat. The study by The Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research also found that while almost all teens -- 91 percent -- use the regular text messaging tool on their mobile phones, 40 percent of teens also use messaging applications like Kik, WhatsApp, or Line on a smartphone.
Fri, 21 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) The first tropical storm of the Atlantic Ocean hurricane season formed 40 days before the official kick off of the season. Tropical Storm Arlene formed in the North Central Atlantic Ocean and NOAA's GOES-East satellite provided forecasters with a look at the storm, swirling far from land areas.
Fri, 21 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(Northeastern University) Northeastern researchers Yung Joon Jung and Swastik Kar have developed a way to detect nuclear materials that far outpaces any existing method.
Fri, 21 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(Saarland University) Digital images and videos require enormous amounts of storage. Researchers are constantly working to improve data compression techniques. One of these researchers is Joachim Weickert, who has recently been awarded an ERC Advanced Grant -- the most lucrative and prestigious research prize bestowed by the European Union. His method follows the same rules as those governing the propagation of heat. For the period 2017 to 2022, Weickert will receive up to 2.46 million.
Fri, 21 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(Bentham Science Publishers) Monoclonal antibody (mAb) based-therapies have revolutionized treatments of cancer and autoimmune diseases because of their specificity and limited toxicity.
Fri, 21 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(Springer) Cryptocurrencies are on the rise, and blockchain protocols are taking the world by storm. Ethereum is an open-source public blockchain featuring smart contracts which uses the Turing-complete scripting language Solidity. The open source Ethereum protocol was first proposed in 2013, along with its native cryptocurrency ether. 'Introducing Ethereum and Solidity,' written by Chris Dannen and published by Apress, compiles basic technical principles and situates the project within the existing world of hardware and software.
Fri, 21 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(World Scientific) Based on a course taught at Princeton University over the past 15 years, this book guides readers from first principles to implementable algorithms. The intensive, code-centric approach adopted in this book aims to actively develop critical thinking skills to assess the performance of commercial analysis packages and explore advanced literature on the subject.
Fri, 21 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(World Scientific) Professors Mortell and Seymour give a step-by-step synopsis of their forty-five years of research on nonlinear waves. This is the first book to systematically address propagation and reflection of nonlinear hyperbolic and dispersive waves in bounded and stratified media. Acoustic oscillations in shaped resonators and the sloshing of fluids in tanks are important physical problems examined in detail.
Fri, 21 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(World Scientific) Pre-lithiated multiwalled carbon nanotubes and activated carbon (AC) materials were used as anode and cathode respectively for Lithium-ion capacitors (LICs). The pre-lithiatiation was performed using internal short circuit approach (ISC). The LIC showed excellent supercapacitor performance. The pre-lithiated MWCNTs have a potential application as anode for high performance Lithium-ion capacitors.
Fri, 21 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(Pohang University of Science & Technology (POSTECH)) Research conducted by Professor Junsuk Rho's team at POSTECH, South Korea, has demonstrated a scalable and reliable fabrication process of a large scale hyperlens device based on direct pattern transfer techniques. The research team's new cost-effective fabrication method can be used to proliferate practical far-field and real-time super-resolution imaging devices that can be widely used in optics, biology, medical science, nanotechnology, and other related interdisciplinary fields. This achievement has been published in Scientific Reports.
Fri, 21 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(European Association for the Study of the Liver) The European Association for the Study of the Liver (EASL) today announced that ALIVER will be unveiled at The International Liver Congress in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. The 7.8 million project is funded by the EU Horizon 2020 research program. Work started on ALIVER on Jan. 1, 2017 and will end on Sept. 30, 2020.
Fri, 21 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(DGIST (Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology)) DGIST's research team develops technology which is 20 times faster than the existing biosensors using micromagnetic pattern of spider web.The technology can be used for early diagnosis and recurrence diagnosis of diseases such as cancer.
Fri, 21 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(Stanford's School of Earth, Energy & Environmental Sciences ) New Stanford study describes a model for designing novel materials used in electrical storage devices, such as car batteries and capacitors. This approach may dramatically accelerate discovery of new materials that provide cheap and efficient ways to store energy.
Thu, 20 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(Nemours) New findings released today by Nemours Children's Health System show 64 percent of parents polled have used or plan to use telemedicine within the next year for their child. The survey, Telemedicine in America 2017: Parents Use of Virtual Visits, found that only 15 percent of parents have tried these services, but a strong majority is receptive to online doctor visits for common childhood ailments and routine well-child visits.
Thu, 20 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(Institute of Transformative Bio-Molecules (ITbM), Nagoya University) Plant biologists discovered for the first time on how factors arising from the mother and father in flowering plants cooperate to develop the shape of their child. Until now, it has been unknown whether paternal factors cooperate or conflict with each other to bring about zygote asymmetry. The outcome of this discovery is expected to shed light on the exact mechanism of plant body shape formation and possibly lead to the generation of new hybrid plants.
Thu, 20 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(NASA/Johnson Space Center) Research into crystal growth in microgravity was one of the earliest investigations conducted aboard the International Space Station and is continued to this day. The unique microgravity environment of space provides an ideal setting for producing crystals that are more perfect than their terrestrial-grown counterparts. The Crystal Growth of Cs2LiYCl6:Ce Scintillators in Microgravity (CLYC-Crystal Growth), a Center for the Advancement of Science in Space (CASIS)-sponsored investigation, will study the potential benefits of growing the CYLC crystal in microgravity.