Subscribe: EurekAlert! - Technology, Engineering and Computer Science
http://www.eurekalert.org/rss/technology_engineering.xml
Preview: EurekAlert! - Technology, Engineering and Computer Science

EurekAlert! - Technology, Engineering and Computer Science



The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.



Last Build Date: Wed, 18 Oct 2017 03:48:01 EDT

Copyright: Copyright 2017 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.
 



Separating methane and CO2 will become more efficient

Wed, 18 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(KU Leuven) To make natural gas and biogas suitable for use, the methane has to be separated from the CO2. This involves the use of membranes: filters that stop the methane and let the CO2 pass through. Researchers at KU Leuven (University of Leuven), Belgium, have developed a new membrane that makes the separation process much more effective.



Nice ice, maybe: Study finds water-repelling surfaces ease ice removal

Wed, 18 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Nebraska-Lincoln) A new study has discovered that ice grows differently on water-absorbent vs. water-repellent surfaces. The research suggests that applying water-repellent coatings to windshields before winter storms -- or engineering surfaces that inherently repel water -- could enable a strong breeze to handle the burden of ice removal.



TGen develops processing procedures for 'single-cell' sequencing

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(The Translational Genomics Research Institute) The Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen) today announced grant support from the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative (CZI) donor advised fund, an advised fund of the Silicon Valley Community Foundation, that will help revolutionize how researchers identify the genetic source of diseases and how best to treat each patient.



Bridging the terahertz gap

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences) Harvard researchers are exploring the possibility of using an infrared frequency comb to generate elusive terahertz frequencies. These frequencies -- which lie in the electromagnetic spectrum between radio waves and infrared light -- have long promised to transform communications and sensing but are very challenging to source. By harnessing a recently discovered laser state, SEAS researchers have discovered an infrared frequency comb in a quantum cascade laser that offers a new way to generate terahertz frequencies.



Crowdsourced game aims to find solutions to aflatoxin

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of California - Davis) Mars, Inc., UC Davis and partners have launched a crowdsourcing initiative to solve the problem of aflatoxin contamination of crops. A series of aflatoxin puzzles will go online on Foldit, a platform that allows gamers to explore how amino acids are folded together to create proteins. Successful candidates from the computer game will be tested in the laboratory of Justin Siegel, assistant professor of chemistry, biochemistry and molecular medicine at UC Davis.



Navigational view of the brain thanks to powerful X-rays

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Georgia Institute of Technology) Imagine Google Earth with only the street view and a far-away satellite view but not much of a map view. Brain imaging, for the most part, has been missing just that, and a lot of research on how the brain computes happens on that map-like level. New imaging tackles this special view of the brain with the highest-energy X-rays in the country that illuminate thick sections of a mouse brain.



Therapeutic form of arsenic is a potential treatment for deadly type of brain cancer

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(The Translational Genomics Research Institute) In a study led by Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine and the Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen), this anti-cancer agent is being considered for use against glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), the most common and aggressive type of deadly brain tumors. The study was published today in Molecular Cancer Research, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR).



New research opens the door to 'functional cure' for HIV

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Scripps Research Institute) Scientists have for the first time shown that a novel compound effectively suppresses production of the virus in chronically infected cells.



Los Alamos researchers and supercomputers help interpret the latest LIGO findings

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(DOE/Los Alamos National Laboratory) Astrophysicist Chris Fryer was enjoying an evening with friends on Aug. 25, 2017, when he got the news of a gravitational-wave detection by LIGO, the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory.



DuPont Pioneer and Donald Danforth Plant Science Center collaborate

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Donald Danforth Plant Science Center) The Danforth Center is applying CRISPR-Cas technology to staple food crops such as cassava and sorghum to produce planting materials with improved disease resistance, nutritional value and enhanced resilience to biotic stresses.



Preservation for the (digital) ages

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center) Researchers from the Texas Advanced Computing Center, working with classicists and computer scientists from The University of Texas at Austin, developed a method to preserve digital humanities databases. The preservation strategy allows scholars to re-launch a database application in a variety of environments -- from individual computers, to virtual machines, to future web servers -- without compromising its interactive features. They presented the work at the 2017 ACM/IEEE Joint Conference on Digital Libraries (JCDL).



Flexible 'skin' can help robots, prosthetics perform everyday tasks by sensing shear force

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Washington) UW and UCLA engineers have developed a flexible sensor 'skin' that can be stretched over any part of a robot's body or prosthetic to accurately convey information about shear forces and vibration, which are critical to tasks ranging from cooking an egg to dismantling a bomb.



Wearables to boost security of voice-based log-in

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Michigan) A security-token necklace, ear buds or eyeglasses developed at the University of Michigan could eliminate vulnerabilities in voice authentication -- the practice of logging in to a device or service with your voice alone.



NASA finds Tropical Storm Lan strengthening

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) Infrared imagery from NASA's Aqua satellite revealed that Tropical Storm Lan was getting stronger as it moved through the Northwestern Pacific Ocean.



UB spinoff company For-Robin moves one step closer to human clinical trials

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University at Buffalo) Scientists from For-Robin Inc., a University at Buffalo biotechnology spinoff, have published new scientific results showing that the company's cancer-fighting antibody can target, penetrate and kill human tumor cells effectively. The findings bring the company closer to human clinical trials.



USDA invests in research on next generation of agricultural technology

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(National Institute of Food and Agriculture ) The US Department of Agriculture's (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) today announced 17 grants for research on the next generation of agricultural technologies and systems to meet the growing demand for food, fuel, and fiber. The grants are funded through NIFA's Agriculture and Food Research Initiative (AFRI), authorized by the 2014 Farm Bill.



Assessment shows metagenomics software has much room for improvement

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Oregon State University) A recent critical assessment of software tools represents a key step toward taming the 'Wild West' nature of the burgeoning field of metagenomics.



A new way to harness wasted methane

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Massachusetts Institute of Technology) An MIT team has identified a process that could be used to harness methane that is now wasted by being burned off at wellheads.



Loops of liquid metal can improve future fusion power plants, scientists say

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(DOE/Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory) This article describes innovative liquid lithium loop to address needs of future fusion power plants.



Scientists create most powerful micro-scale bio-solar cell yet

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Binghamton University) Researchers at Binghamton University, State University of New York have created a micro-scale biological solar cell that generates a higher power density for longer than any existing cell of its kind.



New frontiers for Graphene

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Graphene Flagship) The Graphene Flagship's international workshops aim to promote stong global links in graphene research. To strengthen trans-Atlantic relationships in graphene and related materials (GRMs) research, researchers from the US and Europe will meet in Arlington, Va. between 23-25 October for the US-EU 2D Workshop. Co-organized by the US National Science Foundation (NSF) and the European research initiative Graphene Flagship, this meeting is a platform for discussion of common challenges and opportunities for new collaborations.



New imaging approach maps whole-brain changes from Alzheimer's disease in mice

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(The Optical Society) A new imaging system that offers a better way to monitor the brain changes indicative of Alzheimer's in mouse models of the disease could help speed new drug development.



Predicting how healthy your heart will be years down the road

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Kentucky) Testing and targeting treatment on a patient's virtual heart could lead to longer and healthier lives, especially for the 5.7 million adults with heart failure. Two University of Kentucky researchers are working to make this a reality.



Using satellite data to respond to environmental disasters in Malaysia, Ethiopia and Kenya

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Oxford) The challenge of providing a rapid response to environmental disasters as varied as flooding, drought, illegal logging and oil spills is the focus of two new projects in which the University of Oxford is a key partner.



Resolving traffic jams in human ALS motor neurons

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(VIB (the Flanders Institute for Biotechnology)) A team of researchers at VIB and KU Leuven used stem cell technology to generate motor neurons from ALS patients carrying mutations in FUS. They found disturbed axonal transport in these motor neurons, but also identified genetic and pharmacological strategies that mitigate this defect.