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Preview: EurekAlert! - Technology, Engineering and Computer Science

EurekAlert! - Technology, Engineering and Computer Science



The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.



Last Build Date: Mon, 25 Sep 2017 16:48:01 EDT

Copyright: Copyright 2017 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.
 



Grant supports academically-talented engineering students from low-income backgrounds

Mon, 25 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Illinois at Chicago) The University of Illinois at Chicago College of Engineering has received a grant to provide scholarships, mentoring and internship opportunities to academically-talented, low-income engineering undergraduates.



NJIT students win AECOM grand challenge 'Shark Tank' and $1M for sustainable technology

Mon, 25 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(New Jersey Institute of Technology) AECOM Ventures awarded first prize to the NJIT team consisting of MBA student Parth Dudeja, M.S. in Mechanical and Industrial Engineering student Subash Mannanal and AECOM senior scientist Steven Hall for the use of quantum cascade laser technology to increase production and reduce costs for the semiconductor industry.



Columbia engineers win NSF grant to study NYC storm surge infrastructure resilience

Mon, 25 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science) With so many hurricanes ravaging the Caribbean and the southern US, it has become clear that addressing threats to infrastructure is critical to keeping our communities safe, functional, and healthy. Storm surge has emerged as one of the most destructive forces on infrastructure, especially interconnected structures in cities. To address this issue, Columbia Engineering researchers recently won a NSF grant to study storm surge threats to New York City infrastructure.



DSI professors mine social media to curb gang violence

Mon, 25 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Data Science Institute at Columbia) A team of researchers from the Data Science Institute received a DARPA grant to study how gangs in Chicago use social media. The team will also study how ISIS recruits on social media.



UH researchers begin carbon capture project with Oil India

Mon, 25 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Houston) Researchers from the University of Houston have begun a $1.4 million project to demonstrate using carbon dioxide captured from nearby petrochemical plants to boost oil recovery in a field in the Indian state of Assam, a project which will help to reduce the country's carbon footprint.



UW to host $15.6 million NSF-funded center for innovation, education in materials science

Mon, 25 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Washington) The University of Washington is home to a new national center of excellence for research, education and training in materials science. The Molecular Engineering Materials Center is funded by a $15.6 million, six-year grant from the National Science Foundation as part of its highly competitive Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) program.



Canadian scientist takes HIV self-testing global with HIVSmart!™

Mon, 25 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(McGill University Health Centre) HIV self-testing is getting a global push thanks to a major new partnership between the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre (RI-MUHC), Sympact-X and The International Association of Providers of AIDS Care (IAPAC), a key player in the fight against HIV/AIDS. This partnership with IAPAC will allow the implementation of HIVSmart!™ -- a software and cloud based application that facilitates HIV self-testing, linkages and retention in care -- in high HIV burden Fast-Track Cities worldwide.



Creative use of noise brings bio-inspired electronic improvement

Mon, 25 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(American Institute of Physics) Researchers at Osaka University in Japan are working to exploit stochastic resonance to enhance signal transmission for a new generation of devices, using single-walled carbon nanotubes. They created a summing network SR device that detects subthreshold signals, fabricated to include a self-noise component. The researchers report their findings this week in the journal Applied Physics Letters.



Four elements make 2-D optical platform

Mon, 25 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Rice University) Rice scientists have discovered a two-dimensional, four-component alloy with an optical bandgap that can be tuned by the temperature used to grow it via chemical vapor deposition.



NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP Satellite gets two looks at Hurricane Maria

Mon, 25 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) Hurricane Maria was analyzed in visible and infrared light as NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP passed overhead over two days. NASA's GPM satellite also provided a look at Maria's rainfall rates.



The Mars 2020 Rover features new spectral abilities with its new SuperCam

Mon, 25 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(The Optical Society) Sscientists are building the next generation's ChemCam with impressive upgrades and brand new spectral capabilities for the NASA Mars 2020 rover.



Lee reborn as a tiny zombie hurricane in central Atlantic

Mon, 25 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) Former Tropical Storm Lee was almost forgotten when hurricanes Irma, Jose and Maria struck the US because it weakened to a remnant low pressure area and lingered quietly in the central Atlantic.



Streamlined process opens drug development to a new class of steroids

Mon, 25 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Dartmouth College) Researchers at Dartmouth College have developed a technique to produce synthetic steroids that could pave the way for a cascade of new drug discoveries, significantly reducing the expense and time needed to develop therapeutics from an underexplored collection of molecules.



NASA catches Tropical Depression Pilar hugging and soaking Mexico's coast

Mon, 25 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) Tropical Storm Pilar formed near the southwestern coast of Mexico on Saturday, Sept. 23, and continued hugging the coast when NASA's Terra and Aqua satellites passed overhead. Pilar weakened to a tropical depression during the late morning on Sept. 25.



Filter may be a match for fracking water

Mon, 25 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Swansea University) A new superhydrophilic filter has proven able to remove greater than 90 percent of hydrocarbons, as well as all bacteria and particulates from contaminated water produced by hydraulic fracturing (fracking) operations at shale oil and gas wells, according to researchers at the Energy Safety Research Institute at Swansea University in collaboration with researchers at Rice University.



Goodbye, login. Hello, heart scan

Mon, 25 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University at Buffalo) Forget fingerprint computer identification or retinal scanning. A University at Buffalo-led team has developed a computer security system using the dimensions of your heart as your identifier.The system uses low-level Doppler radar to measure your heart, and then continually monitors your heart to make sure no one else has stepped in to run your computer. The technology will be presented next month at the 23rd MobiCom conference.



NASA sees short-lived Tropical Depression 22W make landfall

Mon, 25 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) NASA's Terra satellite captured the landfall of Tropical Depression 22W in northern Vietnam. The Depression only existed for two days before it made landfall and began dissipating.



Bone marrow concentrate improves joint transplants

Mon, 25 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Missouri-Columbia) Biologic joint restoration using donor tissue instead of traditional metal and plastic may be an option for active patients with joint defects. Researchers at the University of Missouri School of Medicine found in a group of patients that treating donor grafts with bone marrow aspirate concentrate before surgery improves bone integration and speeds recovery.



Click beetles inspire design of self-righting robots

Mon, 25 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) Robots perform many tasks that humans can't or don't want to perform, getting around on intricately designed wheels and limbs. If they tip over, however, they are rendered almost useless. A team of University of Illinois mechanical engineers and entomologists are looking to click beetles, who can right themselves without the use of their legs, to solve this robotics challenge.



Holograms for molecules

Mon, 25 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(ETH Zurich) Scientists at ETH Zurich and Roche have developed a completely new method for the analysis of molecules in liquids on a chip. The possible applications of this technology are immense. It has the potential, inter alia, to revolutionize medical diagnostics.



Neuro Kinetics awarded patents for eye testing and I-PAS™ virtual reality for medical diagnostics

Mon, 25 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Neuro Kinetics, Inc.) Among three new US patents awarded to Neuro Kinetics is protection for its I-PAS™ design, a highly portable device for oculomotor testing using clinically sensitive eye tracking. Looking similar to a virtual reality headset, the I-PAS is just as easy to put on. After years of I-PAS use for clinical investigations, FDA clearance is now pending for commercial use as a nystamograph. Concussion-related testing will still be investigational. NKI's patent count now reaches 22.



Georgia State makes massive NASA solar dataset available to researchers

Mon, 25 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Georgia State University) Georgia State University researchers have compiled a large solar dataset from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, making several hundred thousand solar events found on high-resolution solar images available to the public.



High-fidelity recording of molecular geometry with DNA 'nanoscopy'

Mon, 25 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard) A team at Harvard's Wyss Institute of Biologically Inspired Engineering led by core faculty member Peng Yin, Ph.D., has now developed a DNA nanotechnology-based method that allows for repeated, non-destructive recording of uniquely barcoded molecular pairings, rendering a detailed view of their components and geometries. In the future, the approach could help researchers understand how changes in molecular complexes control biological processes in living cells.



UNH receives NIH grant to advance its biomedical research to the bedside

Mon, 25 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of New Hampshire) The University of New Hampshire has been awarded a five-year, $10 million National Institutes of Health Center of Biomedical Research Excellence grant to accelerate the translation of its basic biomedical and bioengineering research.



Filter may be a match for fracking water

Mon, 25 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Rice University) A superhydrophilic filter produced by Rice University scientists has proven able to remove more than 90 percent of contaminants from water used in hydraulic fracturing operations at shale oil and gas wells.