Last Build Date: Sat, 22 Oct 2016 07:48:02 EDTCopyright: Copyright 2016 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Princeton University) Researchers at Princeton University and the University of Texas-Austin found that electrons, when kept at very low temperatures where their quantum behaviors emerge, can spontaneously begin to travel in elliptical paths on the surface of a crystal of bismuth. The strange elliptical orbits correspond to the electrons being in different "valleys" of possible states created by the crystal. The findings could inform further research on a forward-looking strategy for electronics called "valleytronics."
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Medical University of South Carolina) Researchers at the Medical University of South Carolina Hollings Cancer Center have discovered a mechanism that confers resistance to drugs used to treat certain types of acute myeloid leukemia. Targeting this pathway with a novel lipid-based therapeutic showed efficacy in a preclinical model of AML. These findings were reported in an article published in the Oct. 13, 2016 issue of Blood.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Rochester Institute of Technology) Rochester Institute of Technology received a three-year, $374,949 grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation for faculty-researcher Rubén Proaño to study and help design a coordinated decision-support system for the global procurement of vaccines.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(City College of New York) As the countdown continues to the Presidential election, new analytical tools by physicists at The City College of New York promise a quicker and remarkably accurate method of predicting election trends with Twitter.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) A largely unrecognized field called photonics may provide solutions to some of NASA's most pressing challenges in future spaceflight.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Heidelberg Laureate Forum Foundation) For one week, the recipients of the Abel Prize, the ACM A.M. Turing Award, the Fields Medal, and the Nevanlinna Prize engage in a cross-generational scientific dialogue with young researchers in Heidelberg, Germany. Young computer scientists and mathematicians from all over the world are encouraged to apply for one of the 200 coveted spots to participate in Heidelberg Laureate Forum (HLF), an annual networking event.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Colorado State University) Colorado State University, home to some of the world's top researchers on methane emissions, will lead a Department of Energy-supported project to analyze emissions from a specific part of the natural gas supply chain: compressor stations. The new project will help scientists develop a more complete picture of overall emissions.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Massachusetts Institute of Technology) Algorithms for labeling and segmenting data could reduce the time required for big-data analysis from months to days.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Goethe University Frankfurt) Chemists at Goethe University have now developed a new catalyst for the activation of hydrogen by introducing boron atoms into a common organic molecule. The process, which was described in the Angewandte Chemie journal, requires only an electron source in addition and should therefore be usable on a broad scale in future.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Earlham Institute) The Earlham Institue establishes the first UK dedicated high-performance computing (HPC) cluster for international data portal 'CyVerse' -- providing free, open-source genome analysis for big data research.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München) Physicists at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich have developed a novel nanotool that provides a facile means of characterizing the mechanical properties of biomolecules.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology) Scientists found that treating an ordinary polymer based detector with UV light during manufacturing could turn it into a high bandwidth device with an external quantum efficiency of up to 140,000 percent, as compared to the 30 percent measured before UV treatment.The proposed procedure is cheap, quick, and efficient, and has potential applications in a wide range of systems and devices -- from smartphones to space stations, from environmental monitoring to defense sensing.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of Southampton) A team of scientists, led by the University of Southampton, have produced a fast nanoscale optical transistor using gold nanoantenna assisted phase transition.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Aarhus University) A Danish research team has developed a new method for studying how a tracer is distributed in a cancer tumor via its extensive vascular network.The method can be used for studying closely the effect of medical treatment using cancer inhibitors.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Kumamoto University) Pancreatic cancer is one of the most lethal forms of cancer. Early detection is essential to improve prognoses. Working toward that goal, a collaboration of researchers in Japan has discovered proteins in the blood which improve the detection of pancreatic cancer. When used in combination with conventional pancreatic cancer biomarkers, it enables the diagnosis of early stage pancreatic cancer, which was previously thought to be difficult.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Griffith University) Griffith University is undertaking a major international project to help address community conflict and disruption over wind farms and their implementation in Korea.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Princeton University, Engineering School) Engineers and biologists have for the first time revealed the mechanics of how bacteria build up slimy masses called biofilms, cell by cell. When encased in biofilms in the human body, bacteria are a thousand times less susceptible to antibiotics, making certain infections, such as pneumonia, difficult to treat and potentially lethal.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of Zurich) Saturday, a parabolic flight is set to take off from Swiss soil for the second time. It will be carrying experiments from various Swiss universities on board to research the effects of zero gravity on biological and physical processes, and test technologies. With this flight, the second from the air force base in Dübendorf within one year, the Swiss Research Station for Zero Gravity initiated by the University of Zurich has got off to a flying start.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of Virginia) University of Virginia researchers have discovered ways to markedly expand the stable range of HOIP solar cells during temperature changes.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne) Scientists at EPFL and PSI have discovered a new class of materials that can prove ideal for the implementation of spintronics.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of Liverpool) New research led by the University of Liverpool aims to improve the administration and availability of drug therapies to HIV patients through the use of nanotechnology.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(North Carolina State University) Researchers have found an unexpected way to control the thermal conductivity of two-dimensional (2-D) materials, which will allow electronics designers to dissipate heat in electronic devices that use these materials.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(American Academy of Pediatrics) A new study finds that the more time children spend using digital devices, the less likely they are to finish their homework. Children who spent two to four hours a day using digital devices outside of schoolwork had 23 percent lower odds of always or usually finishing their homework, compared to children who spent less than two hours consuming digital media. An abstract of the study will be presented at the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) 2016 National Conference & Exhibition in San Francisco.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(American Academy of Pediatrics) Suicide is the second leading cause of death among teens and young adults in Canada and the United States. New research questions whether there is a link between adolescent suicide highly publicized on social media with an increase in emergency departments visits by teens for suicidal thoughts and attempts.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(American Academy of Pediatrics) Parents who post on social media often create their children's first digital footprints, which will follow them into adulthood. The situation creates new and often unanticipated risks, according to new research being presented at the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) 2016 National Conference & Exhibition in San Francisco on Friday, Oct. 21. Authors of the abstract being presented, a pediatrician and a law professor, will outline their findings and offer healthy rules of thumb about online disclosures about children.