Last Build Date: Sat, 22 Oct 2016 11:45:02 EDTCopyright: Copyright 2016 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) A largely unrecognized field called photonics may provide solutions to some of NASA's most pressing challenges in future spaceflight.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Carnegie Institution for Science) A group of citizen scientists and professional astronomers, including Carnegie's Jonathan Gagné, joined forces to discover an unusual hunting ground for exoplanets. They found a star surrounded by the oldest known circumstellar disk -- a primordial ring of gas and dust that orbits around a young star and from which planets can form as the material collides and aggregates.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) Two powerful typhoons have hit the Philippines in less than a week. Sarika was followed by Typhoon Haima. Using satellite data, NASA estimated the intense rainfall generated by these two typhoons.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of Oxford) Five years ago, the Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to three astronomers for their discovery, in the late 1990s, that the universe is expanding at an accelerating pace.Now, a team of scientists led by Professor Subir Sarkar of Oxford University's Department of Physics has cast doubt on this standard cosmological concept.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of Zurich) Saturday, a parabolic flight is set to take off from Swiss soil for the second time. It will be carrying experiments from various Swiss universities on board to research the effects of zero gravity on biological and physical processes, and test technologies. With this flight, the second from the air force base in Dübendorf within one year, the Swiss Research Station for Zero Gravity initiated by the University of Zurich has got off to a flying start.
Thu, 20 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Lehigh University) On Monday, October 31, Lehigh University is hosting a symposium to advance the understanding and usage of probabilistic modeling in science and engineering academia, especially across in the U.S. Midlantic region. Probabilistic modeling provides essential tools for analyzing vast amounts of data that have become available in science, scholarship, and everyday life; increasingly, it is becoming an important skillset for all scientists and engineers.
Thu, 20 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) For the first time, researchers have tracked a particular kind of solar wave as it swept upward from the sun's surface through its atmosphere.
Thu, 20 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of Florida) Everything we know about the formation of solar systems might be wrong, says University of Florida astronomy professor Jian Ge and his postdoc, Bo Ma. They've discovered the first 'binary-binary' -- two massive companions around one star in a close binary system, one so-called giant planet and one brown dwarf, or 'failed star.' The first, called MARVELS-7a, is 12 times the mass of Jupiter, while the second, MARVELS-7b, has 57 times the mass of Jupiter.
Thu, 20 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Clemson University) With $3.4 M NSF grant, Clemson will increase women and underrepresented minorities in STEM, and increase diversity and inclusion across campus.
Thu, 20 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of California - Berkeley) UC Berkeley astronomers who have been tracking volcanic activity on Io at high frequency since 2013 using adaptive optics on the Keck and Gemini telescopes published their first 29 months of observations. The 100 separate images over that period show more than 400 hot spot events, ranging from eruptions to lava flows old and new. Some of the eruptions appeared to progress across the surface over time, as if one triggered another 500 kilometers away.
Wed, 19 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(American Statistical Association) Prominent British statistician Sir David Cox has been named the inaugural recipient of the International Prize in Statistics. Like the acclaimed Fields Medal, Abel Prize, Turing Award and Nobel Prize, the International Prize in Statistics is considered the highest honor in its field. It will be bestowed every other year to an individual or team for major achievements using statistics to advance science, technology and human welfare.
Wed, 19 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(California Institute of Technology) 'Planet Nine,' which may lurk beyond Neptune, may be the reason that the solar system's planets orbit at a six-degree angle with respect to the sun.
Wed, 19 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of Massachusetts at Amherst) New discoveries in star formation, galaxy cluster physics, ultra-deep galactic exploration and magnetic field surveys of the universe are coming soon, say a team of astronomers led by Grant Wilson at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, who are building the next-generation, most sensitive millimeter-wavelength polarimetric camera on Earth for studying the heavens.
Wed, 19 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) Tropical Depression Sarika made landfall early on Oct. 19 as NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite passed overhead and provided an image of the storm.
Wed, 19 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) NASA satellite data provided a look at Super Typhoon Haima in visible and infrared light to show the extent and strength of the storm.The Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite instrument aboard the NASA-NOAA Suomi NPP satellite provided an infrared image of Haima on Oct. 18 and a visible image on Oct. 19.
Wed, 19 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) MAVEN has determined that Mars's escaping water does not always go gently into space.
Wed, 19 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Goethe University Frankfurt) After the first direct detection of gravitational waves that was announced last February by the LIGO Scientific Collaboration and made news all over the world, Luciano Rezzolla (Goethe University Frankfurt, Germany) and Cecilia Chirenti (Federal University of ABC inSanto André, Brazil) set out to test whether the observed signal couldhave been a gravastar or not. The results were recently presented in a paper published on Physical Review D.
Wed, 19 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Australian National University) Australian scientists have worked with researchers in Germany to create the most detailed map of the Milky Way, using the world's largest radio telescopes.
Wed, 19 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Trinity College Dublin) These are the first ever images to show the collision between two winds on a star. This data helps astronomers understand how stars evolve and die in our galaxy.
Wed, 19 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(ESO) Astronomers have used the Very Large Telescope Interferometer to image the Eta Carinae star system in the greatest detail ever achieved. They found new and unexpected structures within the binary system, including in the area between the two stars where extremely high velocity stellar winds are colliding. These new insights into this enigmatic star system could lead to a better understanding of the evolution of very massive stars.
Wed, 19 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research) Scientists have created a detailed map of the Milky Way using two of the world's largest fully steerable radio telescopes in Germany and Australia.
Tue, 18 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Vanderbilt University) Two Vanderbilt physicists, Keivan Stassun and Kalman Varga, have been elected fellows of the American Physical Society.
Tue, 18 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Southwest Research Institute) The principal investigator and team behind NASA's New Horizons mission to Pluto received the Cosmos Award for Outstanding Public Presentation of Science. The Planetary Society presented the award last night at the joint meeting of the American Astronomical Society Division for Planetary Sciences and the European Planetary Science Congress in Pasadena, Calif. Dr. Alan Stern, associate vice president of the Southwest Research Institute Space Science and Engineering Division, serves as the New Horizons mission principal investigator.
Tue, 18 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) Supertyphoon Haima continues to move toward the Philippines and NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite provided a visible image of the storm that revealed a clear eye.
Tue, 18 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) As Tropical Storm Sarika moved over Hainan Island, China, NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite captured a visible picture of the storm as it made a direct hit.On Oct. 18 at 1:55 a.m. EDT (0555 UTC) the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) instrument aboard NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite provided a visible-light image of the storm. The image showed the center of circulation covered by clouds.