Last Build Date: Fri, 28 Oct 2016 15:39:02 EDTCopyright: Copyright 2016 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.
Fri, 28 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University at Buffalo) Celebrity news reports over the past four decades appear to have contributed to the changing makeup of the traditional American family by helping to destigmatize out-of-wedlock childbirths in the United States, according to a study by a University at Buffalo sociologist.
Fri, 28 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory) The gap between the computational science and open source software communities just got smaller -- thanks to an international collaboration among national laboratories, universities and industry.
Fri, 28 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of Delaware) A new study from the University of Delaware found when given the choice, people prefer to invest their money in conservation, such as protecting key areas of a watershed -- also referred to as green infrastructure -- than traditional water treatment plants -- also referred to as gray infrastructure.
Fri, 28 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Children's Hospital of Philadelphia) Pediatric researchers report that children with ASD may mistakenly be diagnosed with ADHD because they have autism-related social impairments rather than problems with attention. This is important for understanding what are the right services and treatments for a child.
Fri, 28 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(PLOS) Children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder have greater numbers of harmful mutations in their mitochondrial DNA than family members, report Zhenglong Gu of Cornell University in Ithaca, New York, and colleagues, in a study published Oct. 28, 2016, in PLOS Genetics.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of Oregon) Climate patterns, including the El Nino Southern Oscillation, likely were known to long-ago Pacific Ocean seafarers and may have helped their exploration and settlement of islands in Remote Oceania, concludes a research team that included University of Oregon anthropologist Scott Fitzpatrick.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Rice University) The contradictory approach of United States policy toward the US-Mexico border could lead to a rise in anti-American sentiment in residents of Mexico and squelch any hopes of a North American community bound by a strong economic relationship in a peaceful and democratic region, according to an expert at Rice University's Baker Institute for Public Policy.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Wiley) Researchers have found that many teens and young adults with chronic liver conditions suffer from depression and anxiety, which can have considerable impacts on their emotional and physical health. The findings, which are published in Liver Transplantation, indicate that greater attention should be directed to the mental health of these young patients.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Portland State University) Across the country, it is now common that 15 percent or less of eligible citizens vote in elections for mayor, city council and important civic issues, researchers find.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Oregon State University) Methamphetamine users who described themselves as impulsive were more likely to have started taking the drug at an earlier age, a study of more than 150 users showed.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of British Columbia) Cyclists should be riding at speeds between 12 and 20 kilometers per hour on city roads, while pedestrians should be moving at two to six kilometers per hour to minimize their inhalation of air pollution while still getting the health benefits of exercise, according to new UBC research.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Association for Psychological Science) A coordinated replication effort conducted across 17 labs found no evidence that surreptitiously inducing people to smile or frown affects their emotional state. The findings of the replication project are published as part of a Registered Replication Report (RRR) in Perspectives on Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of Texas at Dallas) A new study from The University of Texas at Dallas shows that firms are significantly more likely to trade with countries that have large resident populations living near the headquarters.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Alliance for Aging Research) The Alliance for Aging Research will create a first-ever Senior Patient and Family Caregiver Network to find ways to address the significant under-representation of older adults and their family caregivers in patient-centered outcomes research (PCOR) and comparative effectiveness research (CER).
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of Southern Denmark) More humans than ever are exposed to higher levels of ionizing radiation from medical equipment, airplanes, etc. A new study suggests that this kind of radiation may be a confounding factor in the neurodegenerative disease Alzheimer's.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(JLM&A, SA ) Fruit flies deprived of specific essential nutrients alter their food choices -- and even the way they search for food. A team of neuroscientists, led by researchers from the Champalimaud Foundation in Lisbon, Portugal, 'dissected' these behaviors, a first step towards identifying the brain mechanisms that are behind these changes in feeding habits.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of Michigan Health System) Hundreds of thousands of times a year in the US, a heart stops suddenly. Only one person in 10 survives a cardiac arrest, but new research shows a huge lack of studies aimed at improving care and survival.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of Michigan Health System) A new analysis suggests that Medicare should focus more on how well hospitals do at actually keeping patients alive during the first 30 days after a hospitalization, in addition to how well they do at keeping patients from being readmitted.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Aarhus University) The number of people diagnosed with depression at psychiatric hospitals increases immediately after the transition from daylight saving time to standard time. This is the conclusion of a recent register-based study from Denmark. The study is based on analysis of 185,419 depression diagnoses registered in The Central Psychiatric Research Register between 1995 and 2012.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of Pennsylvania) New research from the Annenberg School for Communication at Penn compared different ways that exercise programs motivate people to hit the gym. It found that competition was by far the most effective motivator.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of British Columbia Okanagan campus) People with higher levels of psychopathic tendencies are more likely to assault their romantic partners. They are also more likely to drink alcohol, a UBC study has found.The study, which was conducted at UBC's Okanagan campus, involved looking at data and police reports involving 700 US civil psychiatric patients in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania as well as 870 students at UBC's campus in Kelowna, BC.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Northwestern University) Scientists have identified for the first time the region in the brain responsible for the placebo effect in pain relief. Pinpointing the sweet spot of the pain killing placebo effect could result in the design of more personalized medicine by enabling targeted pain medication based on how an individual's brain responds to a drug. The finding also will lead to more accurate clinical trials for pain medications by eliminating individuals with high placebo response before trials.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(George Washington University Milken Institute School of Public Health) Medicaid policies that require patients to go for tobacco-cessation counseling before they get a nicotine patch or some other type of anti- smoking drug actually lead to a reduction in the use of such medication, according to a new study. Medicaid agencies that adopted the policy did so because they thought it would give smokers an edge. But this study suggests that the policy did the opposite -- and actually lowered the use of anti-smoking medication by one-quarter to one-third.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(The Endocrine Society) Men can take birth control shots to prevent pregnancy in their female partners, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of Utah Health Sciences) In the past decade, ophthalmologists have been prescribing nutritional supplements to be taken daily to prevent or slow vision loss from age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Now, using nutritional supplements for eye health has become more common. But does increasing the recommended dose increase protection? A case report appearing online in JAMA Ophthalmology from the Moran Eye Center at the University of Utah reveals what can happen when a patient takes more of a supplement than their body needs.