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Preview: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science

EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science

The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Last Build Date: Thu, 19 Jan 2017 08:39:01 EST

Copyright: Copyright 2017 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.

Save the date; 3 months to go until The International Liver CongressTM 2017

Thu, 19 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(European Association for the Study of the Liver) With just over three months to go until The International Liver Congress 2017, we invite you to attend the 52nd Annual Congress of The European Association for the Study of the Liver to be held April 19-23, at the RAI Congress Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Actress Kathy Bates to be honored at Research!America's Advocacy Awards Dinner

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Research!America) Kathy Bates, award-winning actress and Lymphatic Education & Research Network (LE&RN) spokesperson, will receive Research!America's Isadore Rosenfeld Award for Impact on Public Opinion for raising the visibility of lymphedema and lymphatic diseases and advocating tirelessly on behalf of the patient community. The Rosenfeld Award is presented to individuals who have worked to effectively deliver medical or other health-related research advocacy messages to the public.

How estrogen modulates fear learning

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Emory Health Sciences) Low estrogen levels may make women more susceptible to the development of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), while high estrogen levels may be protective. New research provides insight into how estrogen changes gene activity in the brain to achieve its protective effects.

One year of sex-inclusive research celebrated at Jan. 25 symposium

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Northwestern University) The Sex Inclusion in Biomedical Research Workshop and Symposium, which celebrates the one-year anniversary of the implementation of the National Institutes of Health's landmark sex-inclusion policy, will take place Jan. 25, 12-6 p.m. at Prentice Women's Hospital, 250 E. Superior Street in Chicago. It is open to the public but attendees must register and pay ($30 for community members, students, residents and postdoctoral fellows, $75 for faculty and staff). Lunch and a celebratory reception are included in the cost.

Professor Andrew Morris wins NEH fellowship

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Union College) Andrew Morris, associate professor of history, has been awarded a prestigious fellowship from the National Endowment for the Humanities.Among the most competitive academic awards in the country, the fellowships support advanced research in the humanities, allowing recipients to produce articles, books, digital materials or other scholarly resources.Morris will use his grant to continue work on a book about Hurricane Camille and the transformation of American disaster relief policy.

Gene that enables memories, sense of direction produces schizophrenia-like symptoms when mutated

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University) Mutations in a gene that should enable memories and a sense of direction instead can result in imprecise communication between neurons that contributes to symptoms of schizophrenia, scientists report.

Mandarin makes you more musical?

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of California - San Diego) Mandarin makes you more musical -- and at a much earlier age than previously thought. That's the suggestion of a new study from the University of California San Diego. But hold on there, overachiever parents, don't' rush just yet to sign your kids up for Chinese lessons instead of piano.

UCSF, Intel join forces to develop deep learning analytics for health care

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of California - San Francisco) UC San Francisco's Center for Digital Health Innovation (CDHI) today announced a collaboration with Intel Corporation to deploy and validate a deep learning analytics platform designed to improve care.

RIT wins NSF grant to transform physics graduate education admissions and retention

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Rochester Institute of Technology) A Rochester Institute of Technology professor won funding from the National Science Foundation to develop an inclusive approach to physics graduate education admission and retention of traditionally underrepresented US citizens. Casey Miller, associate professor and director of RIT's materials science and engineering graduate program, is collaborating with the American Physical Society on a $428,022 NSF Research Traineeship award in Innovations in Graduate Education to increase diversity and physics Ph.D. completion rates among women, African Americans, Hispanic Americans and Native Americans.

Three companies receive seed funds to develop medical devices for children

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Children's Hospital of Philadelphia) The Philadelphia Pediatric Medical Device Consortium has announced seed grants of $50,000 each to three companies developing medical devices for children. The child-sized devices are a powered orthotic arm brace that amplifies weak nerve signals, a hand-operated rapid blood delivery system for emergency situations and a device that gradually corrects deformed ears in babies.

Physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia in the ICU -- experts debate ethical issues

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Wolters Kluwer Health) Physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia is a topic of intense debate in society, not least among critical care medicine specialists, who treat many patients at or near the end of life. Core ethical issues involved in PAS/E will be discussed and debated in a unique panel discussion at the Society of Critical Care Medicine's (SCCM) 46th Critical Care Congress. These issues are also discussed in Critical Care Medicine, SCCM's official journal, published by Wolters Kluwer.

What humans and primates both know when it comes to numbers

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of Rochester) University of Rochester researchers have found that adults and children in the US, adults from a 'low numeracy' tribe in Bolivia and rhesus monkeys ALL possessed the ability to distinguish between large and small quantities of objects, regardless of the surface area they occupy. This ability is likely a shared evolutionary trait, according to a study published in Nature Communications. The nonverbal visual tests could be used in assessing early math education in young children.

Affordable Care Act made cancer screening more accessible for millions, study finds

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of Virginia Health System) From 2011 to 2013, the ACA resulted in an 8 percent increase in the diagnoses of early-stage colorectal cancer among US seniors aged 65 and older.

New SAGE Publishing text examines war through the lens of the social sciences

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(SAGE) SAGE Publishing is pleased to announce the release of the four-volume set, The SAGE Encyclopedia of War: Social Science Perspectives. Unlike traditional war encyclopedias that focus on military science and history, The SAGE Encyclopedia of War: Social Science Perspectives also covers the effect of wars on culture, trade, societies, and more.

Gestational diabetes increases risk for postpartum depression

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine) Researchers from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and the Karolinska Institutet have found that gestational diabetes raises the risk of postpartum depression in first-time mothers.

Protein involved in blood clotting stimulates liver repair

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Michigan State University) A team of Michigan State University researchers, led by James Luyendyk in the College of Veterinary Medicine, has uncovered a new pathway in the body that stimulates liver repair.Using an experimental model of high-dosage acetaminophen, the team found that liver injury activated blood clotting, which then stimulated liver repair.The study is published online in the Journal of Hepatology.

Virtual renaissance

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Friedrich-Schiller-Universitaet Jena) In a research project science historian Dr. Andreas Christoph of Friedrich Schiller University Jena together with IT specialists, physicists, culture and museum experts, aims to establish a new form of documentation. The project, 'Digital Culture and Collection Management in 3-D,' will be supported over the next three years with funding totaling almost €1 million from the European Fund for Regional Development, the Free State of Thuringia and Friedrich Schiller University Jena.

Mothers of socially anxious children take involvement to the next level

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Springer) When mothers of children with social anxiety disorder try to support their children, it often backfires. The results of an experiment involving building difficult puzzles indicate that, even at home, mothers of children with the disorder are more involved with their offspring than mothers of healthy control children. These findings indicate behavioral control on the part of the mother, says Julia Asbrand of the Institute of Psychology in Freiburg, Germany, in Springer's journal Cognitive Therapy and Research.

UVA slashes opioid use while improving pain scores, study finds

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of Virginia Health System) A study of more than 100,000 surgical cases at University of Virginia Health System found patients' pain scores improved even as doctors gave fewer opioids. As health officials across the US look for ways to combat a opioid addiction crisis, UVA researchers believe their findings highlight one way to address the problem.

New avenue for anti-depressant therapy discovered

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Academy of Finland) Researchers have made a ground-breaking discovery revealing new molecular information on how the brain regulates depression and anxiety. In so doing, they identified a new molecule that alleviates anxiety and depressive behavior in rodents.

Finding ways to fix the climate before it's too late

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Norwegian University of Science and Technology) Scientists and policymakers rely on complex computer simulations called Integrated Assessment Models to figure out how to address climate change. But these models need tinkering to make them more accurate.

Mars and Venus on the therapist's couch

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(British Psychological Society) That is one of the findings of a study by Katie Holloway from the University of Portsmouth and colleagues being presented today, Thursday Jan. 19, 2017, to the annual conference of the British Psychological Society's Division of Clinical Psychology in Liverpool.

Delirium could accelerate dementia-related mental decline

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University College London) When hospitalized, people can become acutely confused and disorientated. This condition, known as delirium, affects one-quarter of older patients and new research by UCL and University of Cambridge shows it may have long-lasting consequences, including accelerating the dementia process.

Heavy alcohol use in adolescence alters brain electrical activity

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of Eastern Finland) Long-term heavy use of alcohol in adolescence alters cortical excitability and functional connectivity in the brain, according to a new study from the University of Eastern Finland and Kuopio University Hospital. These alterations were observed in physically and mentally healthy but heavy-drinking adolescents, who nevertheless did not fulfill the diagnostic criteria for a substance abuse disorder. The findings were published in Addiction Biology.

Killer debt: Study shows link between debt and mortality rates

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of Colorado Denver) A new study from the University of Colorado Denver shows a direct link between financial strain and increased risk of death, a finding with potentially major implications for both economic and health care policy.