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Preview: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science

EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science



The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.



Last Build Date: Sun, 10 Dec 2017 23:39:02 EST

Copyright: Copyright 2017 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.
 



For leukemia patients, transfusion needs may delay hospice care

Sat, 09 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Brown University) Researchers report that thousands of leukemia patients who received frequent transfusions had very short stays in hospice at the end of life, suggesting that transfusion dependence presents a barrier to making meaningful use of palliative care.



Industrial Revolution left a damaging psychological 'imprint' on today's populations

Fri, 08 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of Cambridge) Study finds people in UK and US areas historically reliant on coal-based industries have more 'negative' personality traits. Psychologists suggest this cognitive die may well have been cast at the dawn of the industrial age.



USC researchers develop method to ensure human rights in public health services

Fri, 08 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of Southern California) When measuring the success of public health work -- from immunizations to family planning services -- experts rely on sets of standardized indicators. But these indicators often neglect the voices and human rights of people who use the services, according to USC researchers. The USC Program on Global Health & Human Rights and the World Health Organization developed a new method to determine the extent to which commonly used public health indicators capture human rights concerns.



What's in a name? How Taking a spouse's surname can define power in marriage

Fri, 08 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of Nevada, Las Vegas) A new study led by a UNLV psychology professor shows that a wife's choice of surnames may influence perceptions of her husband's personality and the distribution of power in the marriage.



USDA's National Institute of Food and Agriculture invests in the safety, health of farmers

Fri, 08 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(National Institute of Food and Agriculture ) The US Department of Agriculture's (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) today announced $836,494 in support for farmer safety and health. Through education, this support aims to help prevent fatalities and serious injuries associated with the farming profession, and provide assistance to those in need.



Study reveals Viagra to be 'ineffective' for fetal growth restriction

Fri, 08 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of Liverpool) A University of Liverpool led international clinical trial has found an anti-impotence drug to be ineffective at improving outcomes for pregnancies complicated by fetal growth restriction.



nTIDE November 2017 Jobs Report: Ongoing job gains bode well for Americans with disabilities

Fri, 08 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Kessler Foundation) The job outlook remained positive for Americans with disabilities, with yet another month of gains in the major economic indicators, according to today's National Trends in Disability Employment -- Monthly Update (nTIDE), issued by Kessler Foundation and the University of New Hampshire's Institute on Disability (UNH-IOD). This upward trend now extends to 20 consecutive months of gains in the labor market for people with disabilities.



How individuals with schizophrenia view their experiences and confidence in judgments may influence treatment targets

Fri, 08 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine) A schizophrenia patient's own perceptions of their experiences -- and confidence in their judgments -- may be factors that can help them overcome challenges to get the life they wish, suggests a new paper published in Clinical Psychological Science from researchers at Penn Medicine's Aaron T. Beck Psychopathology Research Center.



Children bear the brunt of secondhand smoke in Bangladesh

Fri, 08 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of York) Children in Bangladesh are being exposed to high levels of secondhand smoke despite laws banning smoking in public spaces, a study carried out by the University of York suggests.



Data center platform on private equity funds levels reliability on investment decision

Fri, 08 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo) A solution developed by Pebay, a Brazilian firm, aggregates information on cash flow, returns and investor moves from all the 500-plus funds in Brazil, providing investors with comparative analysis.



Paper heralds new science collaboration with Middle East

Fri, 08 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology (OIST) Graduate University) A new science initiative aims to connect Western and Middle Eastern communities.



New study shows HIV-infected women not using statins as recommended

Fri, 08 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News) A new study has shown that HIV-infected women do not use statins as recommended by the most recent guidelines.



Research leads to call for lung health screening at top football clubs

Fri, 08 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of Kent) New research from the University of Kent has discovered that nearly three in 10 elite footballers at top clubs in England have undetected lung and airway problems that could impair their on-field performance.The findings of this study will be presented at a British Thoracic Society meeting on Dec. 8 by lead researcher Anna Jackson, who will also call for all top football clubs to implement a lung health screening program.



How a seahorse-shaped brain structure may help us recognize others

Fri, 08 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Harvard Medical School) Study in mice reveals an oxytocin-sensitive brain circuit that regulates social memory formation, recognitionResults shed light on brain's ability to sort out confusion by reconciling conflicting social stimuliScientists map the neural pathway that relays social memories throughout various brain regionsFindings propel understanding of anomalies in social behavior seen in neurodevelopmental, neurologic and psychiatric disorders.



Study sheds light on the voices in our head

Thu, 07 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of New South Wales) As far our brain is concerned, talking to ourselves in our heads may be fundamentally the same as speaking our thoughts out loud, new research shows. The findings may have important implications for understanding why people with mental illnesses such as schizophrenia hear voices.



Virtual reality makes journalism immersive, realism makes it credible

Thu, 07 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Penn State) Virtual reality technology may help journalists pull an audience into their stories, but they should avoid being too flashy, or their credibility could suffer, according to a team of researchers.



Screen time before bed linked with less sleep, higher BMIs in kids

Thu, 07 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Penn State) It may be tempting to let your kids stay up late playing games on their smartphones, but using digital devices before bed may contribute to sleep and nutrition problems in children, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers.



Understanding mental disorder through a scientific lens

Thu, 07 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Association for Psychological Science) As science reveals more about the origins and development of mental disorder, it also raises more questions. A team of clinical scientists delves into these complexities in a comprehensive new report, taking an in-depth look at three systems used for understanding mental-health disorders: the International Classification of Diseases (ICD), the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), and the Research Domain Criteria Project (RDoC).



International collaboration could reduce smoking prevalence, MU researchers find

Thu, 07 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of Missouri-Columbia) In a new study comparing smoking rates and regulations between the US and Turkey, Mansoo Yu, associate professor of social work at the University of Missouri, found the rate of current smoking is higher in Turkey at 27 percent compared to the US at 18 percent.



Mindful yoga can reduce risky behaviors in troubled youth, says UC research

Thu, 07 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of Cincinnati) Study shows a marked reduction in risky sex and substance abuse in troubled 18- to 24-year-olds after several months of participating in mindful yoga and positive coping strategies.



Learning from Mr. Spock: Gunderman examines sci-fi as social commentary

Thu, 07 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of Tennessee at Knoxville) What if science fiction like the Star Trek series could teach us how to better understand and engage with the real world around us? That is the premise of a collection of scholarly articles written by five cultural researchers from around the country, including UT's Hannah Gunderman, a doctoral student in the Department of Geography.



New mapping technique can help fight extreme poverty

Thu, 07 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University at Buffalo) A new mapping technique, described in the Nov. 14 issue of the Proceedings of the National Academies of Sciences, shows how researchers are developing computational tools that combine cellphone records with data from satellites and geographic information systems to create timely and incredibly detailed poverty maps. Unlike surveys or censuses, which can take years and cost millions of dollars, these maps can be generated quickly and cost-efficiently.



How we learn: Mastering the features around you rather than learning about individual objects

Thu, 07 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Dartmouth College) A Dartmouth-led study on how we learn finds that humans tend to rely on learning about the features of an object, rather than on the individual object itself. The research published in Nature Communications examines how the brain evaluates choices in relation to reward feedback.



New Stanford study analyzes recent research on causes of gun violence

Thu, 07 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Stanford University) Consensus is growing in recent research evaluating the impact of right-to-carry concealed handgun laws, showing that they increase violent crime, despite what older research says.



Money-saving health plans do little to curb spending on unnecessary medical services

Thu, 07 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of Southern California) Claims for unnecessary medical services remain steady, despite changes in the insurance market designed to place more spending decisions in consumers' hands.