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Preview: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science

EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science



The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.



Last Build Date: Tue, 23 May 2017 12:39:01 EDT

Copyright: Copyright 2017 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.
 



Pope's encyclical boosted his credibility on climate change, especially among liberals

Tue, 23 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Annenberg Public Policy Center of the University of Pennsylvania) The Pope's 2015 encyclical on climate change did not directly influence people's beliefs about the seriousness of climate change or its effect on the poor, a study in Cognition has found. The papal message did, however, indirectly influence people's beliefs about climate change by raising the Pope's credibility on that issue, most strongly among liberals.



Paper: DNA may have only modest impact on sexual assault arrests

Tue, 23 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) Crime labs' DNA testing may influence arrests in just a small number of sexual assault cases, because most arrests occur before crime lab results are available, suggests a new study led by University of Illinois social work senior research specialist Theodore P. Cross.



Study: Street gangs, crime serve as deviant leisure activities for youths

Tue, 23 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) Street gang membership, criminal activities provide deviant leisure activities for at-risk youths, suggests a new study by University of Illinois researchers Liza Berdychevsky, Kim Shinew and Monika Stodolska.



2017 Gutenberg Research Award for Karin Knorr Cetina

Tue, 23 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Johannes Gutenberg Universitaet Mainz) The Gutenberg Research College of Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz granted the 2017 Gutenberg Research Award to Professor Karin Knorr Cetina of the University of Chicago for her pioneering contributions to anthropology, sociology, and interdisciplinary science studies.



Gutenberg Research College welcomes new fellows and presents 2017 Gutenberg Research Award

Tue, 23 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Johannes Gutenberg Universitaet Mainz) The Gutenberg Research College of Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz granted the 2017 Gutenberg Research Award worth EUR 10,000 to sociologist and anthropologist Professor Karin Knorr Cetina of the University of Chicago and welcomed seven new fellows.



Lawson and Western researchers suggest dual gait testing as early predictor of dementia

Tue, 23 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Lawson Health Research Institute) In a new study, researchers at Lawson Health Research Institute and Western University are demonstrating that gait, or motion testing, while simultaneously performing a cognitively demanding task can be an effective predictor of progression to dementia and eventually help with earlier diagnosis.



UT study shows snakes, thought to be solitary eaters, coordinate hunts

Tue, 23 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Tennessee at Knoxville) Snakes, although as social as birds and mammals, have long been thought to be solitary hunters and eaters. A new study from the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, shows that some snakes coordinate their hunts to increase their chances of success.



School choice policies may impact segregation and diversity of public schools

Tue, 23 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Penn State) Despite decades of educational reform and legal efforts, many U.S. schools are experiencing increasing segregation, with 16 percent of public schools serving both minority and high poverty students.



Wiley and CAS collaborate to deliver advanced predictive cheminformatics capabilities to researchers

Tue, 23 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Wiley) John Wiley and Sons Inc. and CAS, a division of the American Chemical Society, today announced a partnership that will accelerate the evolution of predictive synthesis by enriching Wiley's award-winning ChemPlanner technology with the most accurate and complete chemical information from CAS.



Depression risk following natural disaster can be predicted via pupil dilation

Tue, 23 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Binghamton University) Pupil dilation could identify which individuals are at greatest risk for depression following disaster-related stress, and help lead to targeted interventions, according to new research from Binghamton University, State University of New York.



11th Annual Canadian Neuroscience Meeting, Montreal, May 28-31, 2017

Tue, 23 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Canadian Association for Neuroscience) The Canadian Association for Neuroscience is pleased to announce it will hold its eleventh annual meeting in Montreal, Canada, from May 28-31. The meeting will gather neuroscientists from Canada and around the world and offer the chance to share their research on the brain and nervous system. The scope of topics to be presented is wider than ever, ranging from the mechanistic to the clinical.



Rethinking exercise: Replace punishing workouts with movement that makes you happy

Tue, 23 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Michigan) Many women start fitness programs to lose weight, and when they don't, they feel like failures and stop exercising



Do consent decrees adequately address police misconduct?

Tue, 23 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Wiley) In recent years, the US Department of Justice has forced reform in police departments through the consent decree process, in which departments have agreed to take specific actions without admitting fault or guilt.



What will happen to European criminal law after Brexit?

Tue, 23 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Springer) Britain will not be able to select which sections of the European Union criminal law system it abides by, as was previously the case. This is according to Valsamis Mitsilegas of Queen Mary University of London in the UK, author of an article in Springer's journal Criminal Law Forum.



You don't see what I see?

Tue, 23 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Kyoto University) Kyoto University researchers shows that an ability to perceive differences between similar images depends on the cultural background of the viewer.



NTU partners with Danish consortium to develop green technologies

Tue, 23 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Nanyang Technological University) NTU Singapore and the Smart City World Labs, a Danish consortium, are collaborating to develop technologies to improve the sustainability and livability of cities.



Despite partisanship surrounding voter ID, most voters don't believe it suppresses turnout

Tue, 23 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Kansas) Most Americans -- even average Democrats -- do not accept the argument that voter identification laws can suppress voter turnout, according to a new study that includes a University of Kansas professor.



Strategic brain training positively affects neural connectivity for individuals with TBI

Tue, 23 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Center for BrainHealth ) A study from the Center for BrainHealth at The University of Texas at Dallas shows that a specific instructor-led brain training protocol can stimulate structural changes in the brain and neural connections even years after a traumatic brain injury (TBI). The findings, published in Brain and Behavior, further suggest that changes in cortical thickness and neural network connectivity may prove an effective way to quantitatively measure treatment efficacy, an ability that has not previously existed.



New study examines child death rates in motor vehicle crashes by state

Tue, 23 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Brigham and Women's Hospital) New research finds that an estimated 1,100 pediatric deaths could be averted over five years with an absolute 10 percent improvement in child restraint use.



Flight delay? Lost luggage? Don't blame airline mergers, Indiana University research shows

Tue, 23 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Indiana University) An analysis of 15 years of US Department of Transportation statistics found that airline consolidation has had little negative impact on on-time performance.



Mortality rates at teaching hospitals lower compared with non-teaching hospitals

Tue, 23 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health) Patients admitted to major teaching hospitals are less likely to die compared with patients admitted to minor teaching or non-teaching hospitals, according to a large national study from Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.



US child welfare system could save $12 billion, improve outcomes

Tue, 23 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(RAND Corporation) Improving prevention and treatment services are realistic reforms to the child welfare system that could improve long-term outcomes for children while cutting $12 billion in costs. RAND developed a quantitative model to reach its recommendations. The model is the first-ever attempt to integrate risk of maltreatment, detection, paths through the system and consequences to predict the impact of policy changes.



Just one alcoholic drink a day increases breast cancer risk, exercise lowers risk

Tue, 23 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(American Institute for Cancer Research) A new report that analyzed the global scientific research on how diet, weight and exercise affect breast cancer risk finds there are steps women can take to lower their risk. The report finds that daily alcohol consumption and adult weight gain increase risk; physical activity and breastfeeding lower risk. The report also reveals, for the first time, that vigorous exercise decreases the risk of both pre- and post-menopausal breast cancers.



Scientists develop test to identify best treatment for gonorrhea

Mon, 22 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences) Researchers from UCLA have developed a laboratory test that helps physicians determine which people with gonorrhea may be more treatable with an antibiotic that has not been recommended since 2007 because of concerns that the resistance to the drug was growing.



Cultural backgrounds of media organizations affect international news coverage

Mon, 22 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Missouri-Columbia) Researchers examined the photographic news coverage of a visit Pope Francis made to Cuba to determine how major media outlets from different countries covered the international event. They found that the cultural values of the photojournalists' home countries affected the ways in which the pope's visit was framed by each media outlet.