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Preview: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science

EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science



The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.



Last Build Date: Fri, 28 Jul 2017 02:39:01 EDT

Copyright: Copyright 2017 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.
 



2 methods to de-identify large patient datasets greatly reduced risk of re-identification

Fri, 28 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(American Association for Cancer Research) Two de-identification methods, k-anonymization and adding a 'fuzzy factor,' significantly reduced the risk of re-identification of patients in a dataset of 5 million patient records from a large cervical cancer screening program in Norway.



Poll: Partisan politics sway Americans' support for Constitutional rights

Thu, 27 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Massachusetts Lowell) Americans are willing to sacrifice their support for basic Constitutional rights -- including freedoms of speech, assembly and the press -- when such beliefs are tested by people with opposing political views, according to a new national poll from the UMass Lowell Center for Public Opinion.



Researchers crack the smile, describing 3 types by muscle movement

Thu, 27 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Wisconsin-Madison) The smile may be the most common and flexible expression, used to reveal some emotions, cover others and manage social interactions that have kept communities secure and organized for millennia.But how do we tell one kind of smile from another?



Research finds increased risk of dementia in patients who experience delirium after surgery

Thu, 27 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Oxford University Press USA) Delirium is common in elderly hospitalized patients, affecting an estimated 14-56 percent of patients. It frequently manifests as a sudden change in behavior, with patients suffering acute confusion, inattention, disorganized thinking and fluctuating mental status.



ACP says transgender individuals should not be barred from military

Thu, 27 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(American College of Physicians) The American College of Physicians (ACP) strongly opposes President Trump's decision to ban transgender individuals from military service. ACP supports inclusive policies that benefit the overall health and well-being of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals and opposes those that reinforce social stigma, marginalization, or discrimination.



Trauma-informed, mindfulness-based intervention significantly improves parenting among mothers in op

Thu, 27 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Thomas Jefferson University) Researchers at Jefferson's Maternal Addiction Treatment Education & Research (MATER) program found significant improvement in the quality of parenting among mothers who participated in a trauma-informed, mindfulness-based parenting intervention while also in medication-assisted treatment for opioid use disorder. Results of the study, the first to scientifically test a mindfulness-based parenting intervention with this population, were published July 27 in the Journal of Addiction Medicine.



DREAMers at greater risk for mental health distress

Thu, 27 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Rice University) Immigrants who came to the United States illegally as small children and who meet the requirements of the Development Relief and Education for Alien Minors Act, more commonly known as DREAMers, are at risk for mental health distress



Simulations signal early success for fractal-based retinal implants

Thu, 27 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Oregon) Computer simulations of electrical charges sent to retinal implants based on fractal geometry have University of Oregon researchers moving forward with their eyes focused on biological testing.



Academies announce winners of 2017 Communication Awards

Thu, 27 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine) The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine announced today the recipients of the 2017 Communication Awards. Supported by the W.M. Keck Foundation since 2003 as part of the Keck Futures Initiative, these prestigious awards -- each of which includes a $20,000 prize -- recognize excellence in reporting and communicating science, engineering, and medicine to the general public. The winners will be honored during a ceremony on Sept. 13 in Washington, D.C.



Even babies can tell who's the boss, UW research says

Thu, 27 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Washington) Social dominance, and the dynamic it creates, may be so naturally ingrained, University of Washington researchers say, that toddlers as young as 17 months old not only can perceive who is dominant, but also anticipate that the dominant person will receive more rewards.



UTA professor receives grant to develop device to fight osteoporosis

Thu, 27 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Texas at Arlington) A faculty member at the University of Texas Arlington's College of Nursing and Health Innovation has received a $250,000 National Science Foundation grant to design a revolutionary device that could stimulate bone growth and ultimately be used as a weapon against osteoporosis.



Study: Very preterm birth not associated with mood, anxiety disorders

Thu, 27 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Tennessee at Knoxville) Do very-preterm or very-low-weight babies develop anxiety and mood disorders later in life? Julia Jaekel, assistant professor of child and family studies at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, and Dieter Wolke, professor of psychology at the University of Warwick, co-authored a study to answer this question.



Unclear CEO expectations often lead chief marketing officers toward revolving door

Thu, 27 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Indiana University) Nearly three-quarters of chief marketing officers believe their jobs aren't designed to let them have the greatest impact on their companies, according to a new survey.



Food banks respond to hunger needs in rural America

Thu, 27 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences) University of Illinois economist Craig Gundersen's recent research sheds light on hunger-relief efforts in rural America. According to his research, Feeding America has a substantial presence in rural communities, providing food assistance through member food banks and the food pantries with which they partner.



How is communication research evolving in the digital age?

Thu, 27 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(SAGE) How do technologies such as social media, blogging, and texting affect the way communication and media research is conducted? Launching as a four-volume set, The SAGE Encyclopedia of Communication Research Methods covers a range of theories and methodologies used in communication research as well as trends influencing the future of the field.



Research examines benefits of promoting competing retail websites

Thu, 27 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Texas at Dallas) A new study from the Naveen Jindal School of Management examines how retailers can benefit by showing ads from competing companies on their websites.



Child abuse and neglect linked to gender inequality

Thu, 27 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Springer) Children growing up in societies that experience high levels of gender inequality -- irrespective of whether these are developed or developing countries -- are more likely to be maltreated. This is according to a cross-national analysis of data from 57 countries worldwide, conducted by Joanne Klevens and Katie Ports of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the US. The results are published in Springer's Journal of Family Violence.



Self-efficacy boosts physical activity in osteoarthritis patients

Thu, 27 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Penn State) Osteoarthritis patients that are more confident in their abilities in the morning go on to be more physically active throughout the day, according to a team of Penn State researchers.



E-cigarette use may encourage experimentation with tobacco, study finds

Thu, 27 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Stirling) Young people who have tried an e-cigarette may be more likely to go on to smoke cigarettes compared with those who have not, a study led by University of Stirling researchers has suggested.



Spain and Portugal organize international summit on Alzheimer's Disease in Lisbon

Thu, 27 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(JLM&A, SA ) 80 experts in research and health care in the field of Alzheimer's disease and other neurodegenerative conditions will meet in Lisbon at the Global Summit Alzheimer's Research & Care Lisbon 2017, which will be held at the Champalimaud Centre for the Unknown. The meeting will be presided by Her Majesty the Queen Sofia of Spain and by Leonor Beleza, president of the Champalimaud Foundation and former Minister of Health of Portugal.



The Danish reference genome

Thu, 27 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Copenhagen The Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences) After close to 5 years of work, the GenomeDenmark consortium has now finalized the efforts to establish a Danish Reference genome. The result is a reference of unrivalled quality and information depth, as compared to other similar international references and studies. Due to the unique and high quality approach, the consortium consisting of three Danish universities and the genomics company BGI Europe has been able to analyze otherwise intractable genomics regions for the first time.



Use of potentially inappropriate medications may increase hospitalization risk

Thu, 27 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Wiley) Potentially inappropriate medication use was linked with a 16 percent increased risk of hospitalization in a population-based study of elderly individuals.



Ketamine for depression encouraging, but questions remain around long-term use

Thu, 27 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of New South Wales) A world-first systematic review into the safety of ketamine as a treatment for depression, published in the prestigious Lancet Psychiatry, shows the risks of long-term ketamine treatment remain unclear.



First molecules discovered by next-generation artificial intelligence to be developed into drugs

Thu, 27 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(InSilico Medicine, Inc.) Insilico Medicine signed a multi-year drug development agreement with the biotechnology company Juvenescence AI Limited. Juvenescence AI will develop the first compounds generated by Insilico's deep-learned drug discovery engines, which trained over structural, functional, and phenotypic data in order to predict the biological activity of compounds. Insilico's platforms incorporate new AI techniques such as Generative Adversarial Networks in order to generate novel compounds with desired pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties.  



Using tweets to decrypt the personality of Donald Trump and other powerful people

Thu, 27 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Queensland University of Technology) A detailed, QUT-led study examining the tweets of US President Donald Trump reveal an 'emotionally unstable innovator' using social media as a political tool.