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Preview: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science

EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science



The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.



Last Build Date: Thu, 21 Sep 2017 15:39:01 EDT

Copyright: Copyright 2017 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.
 



Smoking negatively impacts long-term survival after breast cancer

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Oxford University Press USA) A new study published in JNCI Cancer Spectrum finds that smoking negatively impacts long-term survival after breast cancer. Quitting smoking after diagnosis may reduce the risk of dying from breast cancer.



New Wayne State research findings offers hope to people with fibromyalgia

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Wayne State University - Office of the Vice President for Research) A novel psychological therapy that encourages addressing emotional experiences related to trauma, conflict and relationship problems has been found helpful for people with the chronic pain condition fibromyalgia. A research team led by Mark A. Lumley, Ph.D., distinguished professor of psychology at Wayne State University, has released the results of its research in the prestigious journal, PAIN.



New technique accurately digitizes transparent objects

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(The Optical Society) A new imaging technique makes it possible to precisely digitize clear objects and their surroundings, an achievement that has eluded current state-of-the-art 3-D rendering methods.



IUPUI study links juveniles' views of police with likelihood of aggressive behavior

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis School of Science) A new Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis study of juvenile offenders finds that when youth perceive police injustice, it affects not only how they view the justice system, but also their rates of aggression.



Babies can learn that hard work pays off

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Massachusetts Institute of Technology) A study from MIT reveals babies as young as 15 months can learn the value of hard work. Researchers found babies who watched an adult struggle to reach two different goals before succeeding tried harder at their own difficult task than babies who saw an adult succeed effortlessly.



NAM special publication on how health clinicians can counter opioid epidemic

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine) Halting the opioid epidemic requires aggressive action across multiple dimensions, including informed, active, and determined front-line leadership from health clinicians working in every setting throughout the nation, says a new National Academy of Medicine (NAM) special publication developed at the request of the National Governors Association to assist the nation's governors as they work with clinicians to counter the opioid crisis.



WWF and UCF study wildlife rangers, what motivates them?

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Central Florida) Wildlife rangers are on the front lines protecting our most iconic species -- tigers, elephants, gorillas and many others. But their challenges involve more than confrontations with wild animals and poachers.



Study links brain inflammation to suicidal thinking in depression

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Elsevier) Patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) have increased brain levels of a marker of microglial activation, a sign of inflammation, according to a new study in Biological Psychiatry by researchers at the University of Manchester. Dr. Talbot and colleagues found that the increase in the inflammatory marker was present specifically in patients with MDD who were experiencing suicidal thoughts, pinning the role of inflammation to suicidality rather than a diagnosis of MDD itself.



18 additional chairs for TU Dresden

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Technische Universität Dresden) TUD has been granted funding for all 18 proposed tenure track chairs as part of the Federal and State government programme for the promotion of young researchers.



Cannabis, 'Spice' -- better think twice

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Tsukuba) Marijuana is the most commonly abused drug in the world, and the advent of synthetic cannabinoids creates additional challenges to the society because of their higher potency and ability to escape drug detection screenings. Scientists from Japanese sleep institute have a warning for the society about a danger coming from cannabinoid abuse.



Rapid hepatitis C testing may help better screen young adults

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Boston Medical Center) Routine and rapid hepatitis C virus testing among young adults who use injection drugs improves life expectancy and may provide a good use of limited resources, according to new research out of Boston Medical Center, in partnership with the Boston Public Health Commission. The findings are published online ahead of print in the journal Clinical Infectious Diseases.



Springer and Graz University Press enter new co-publishing agreement

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Springer) Springer and Graz University Press have signed a new co-publishing agreement to publish co-branded books in English. Through this cooperation, the University of Graz Press will be able to provide its authors with international distribution via SpringerLink, where all content is made available electronically in a digital format. Springer will benefit from the addition of further influential titles to its comprehensive book program.



Obese dogs helped by 'effective' weight loss trials

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Liverpool) On average overweight dogs lose an average of 11 percent of their body weight when enrolled on a weight loss trial according to researchers who have conducted the largest international multi-center weight study.



How the views of liberals evolved from the 19th century to the present day

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(RUDN University) Scientists from the RUDN University have analyzed historical sources and revealed the foreign policy views of Russian liberals from the 1850s to the early 1890s. The researchers came to the conclusion that the views of modern liberals have nothing to do with the views of their predecessors. The study is published in The International History Review.



Premature births cost health plans $6 billion annually

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Utah) A new study estimates employer-sponsored health plans spent at least $6 billion extra on infants born prematurely in 2013 and a substantial portion of that sum was spent on infants with major birth defects.



We must accelerate transitions for sustainability and climate change, experts say

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Sussex) We must move faster towards a low-carbon world if we are to limit global warming to 2 degrees C this century, experts have warned.



Why poison frogs don't poison themselves

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Texas at Austin) Poison frogs harbor some of the most potent neurotoxins we know, yet scientists have long wondered -- how do these frogs keep from poisoning themselves? With a new paper published in the journal Science, scientists are a step closer to resolving that head-scratcher. And the answer has potential consequences for the fight against pain and addiction.



If at first adults don't succeed, babies are more likely to try, try again

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(American Association for the Advancement of Science) Babies who observe adults push through failure and repeatedly attempt to achieve a goal are more likely to persist when faced with their own difficult tests, scientists report.



Neandertal skeleton reveals the growth pattern of our extinct cousins

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(American Association for the Advancement of Science) A new analysis of a well-preserved Neandertal child's skeleton reveals that Neandertals may have had extended period of brain growth compared to modern humans.



The surprising, ancient behavior of jellyfish

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(California Institute of Technology) The discovery that primitive jellyfish sleep suggests that sleep is an ancient, evolutionarily conserved behavior.



Many YouTube videos glorify alcohol

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs) YouTube videos featuring alcohol are heavily viewed and nearly always promote the 'fun' side of drinking. That's the finding of a study in September issue of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.



Ancient DNA data fills in thousands of years of human prehistory in Africa

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Cell Press) By sequencing the ancient genomes of 15 individuals from different parts of Africa, researchers reporting in the journal Cell on Sept. 21 have reconstructed the prehistory of humans on the continent, going back thousands of years. The findings shed light on which human populations lived in eastern and southern Africa between 8,000 and 1,000 years ago, the researchers say.



Restoring wetlands and our environment

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(American Society of Agronomy) Wetlands, including the Everglades, are important to the health of the environment. Restoring their ability to process water is the topic of several talks at a scientific meeting.



Palau ocean sustainability linked to tourist consumption of reef fish

Wed, 20 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Nippon Foundation-Nereus Program) Reducing tourist consumption of reef fish is critical for Palau's ocean sustainability, finds a new Nippon Foundation-UBC Nereus Program study published today in Marine Policy. While climate change is expected to lead to sharp declines in Palau's reefs, the best tourism management strategy includes a more than 70 per cent reduction in reef fish consumption by visitors. These findings are highly relevant for sustainable development in small island developing states under climate change.



Study: US women report diverse preferences related to sexual pleasure

Wed, 20 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Indiana University) A recently published paper in the Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy finds that US women report a diversity of preferences related to sexual pleasure and orgasm.