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Preview: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science

EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science



The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.



Last Build Date: Fri, 23 Jun 2017 19:39:01 EDT

Copyright: Copyright 2017 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.
 



Rheumatology leaders applaud re-introduction of Patients' Access to Treatment Act

Fri, 23 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(American College of Rheumatology) The American College of Rheumatology (ACR) today applauded the leadership of Rep. David McKinley (R-WV) and Rep. G.K. Butterfield (D-NC) in reintroducing H.R. 2999, the Patients' Access to Treatment Act (PATA). The bipartisan legislation would limit cost-sharing requirements for medications placed on specialty insurance tiers and make innovative and necessary therapies more accessible to Americans living with rheumatic diseases by reducing excessive out-of-pocket expenses.



Chatter in the deep brain spurs empathy in rats

Fri, 23 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Duke University) By combining electrical monitoring of neural activity with machine learning, a team of Duke and Stanford University neuroscientists has tuned into the brain chatter of rats engaged in helping other rats. The results clarify earlier conflicting findings on the role of specific brain regions, such as the insula, in guiding antisocial and psychopathic behavior, and may shed light on how to encourage altruistic behavior in humans.



Improving knowledge and data on migration -- new migration profile of Mali

Fri, 23 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(European Commission Joint Research Centre) One year from its conception, the European Commission's Knowledge Centre on Migration and Demography is publishing a new migration profile of Mali.



More democracy through mathematics

Fri, 23 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Technical University of Munich (TUM)) For democratic elections to be fair, voting districts must have similar sizes. When populations shift, districts need to be redistributed -- a complex and, in many countries, controversial task when political parties attempt to influence redistricting. Mathematicians at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have now developed a method that allows the efficient calculation of optimally sized voting districts.



Senate health reform proposal jeopardizes care for us all as we age, AGS experts

Fri, 23 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(American Geriatrics Society) Newest proposal in a line of legislation to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act will harm access to key health services for older Americans, families, caregivers, and healthcare professionals, the AGS has said in a statement.



ESC Congress 2017 -- Press schedule

Fri, 23 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(European Society of Cardiology) The press schedule for ESC Congress 2017 is announced today. Journalists are invited to attend 6 hot line session press conferences including a Clinical Trial Update and a Late Breaking Registry Results and 3 press conferences with the themes:* Cardiac Interventions - Expanding Applications* Living Longer - Tips and Tricks * Cholesterol Lowering - Reality Check and New Directions



Research investigates causes of sea level falls in Dead Sea

Fri, 23 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Plymouth) The causes of falling sea levels in the Dead Sea, which have significant impacts on the environment and the economy, are to be investigated in new research led by the University of Plymouth.



Is it okay for children to count on their fingers?

Fri, 23 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Frontiers) Is it OK for children to count on their fingers? Generations of pupils have been discouraged by their teachers from using their hands when learning maths. But a new research article shows using fingers may be a much more important part of maths learning than previously thought.



Following a friend leads to unsafe driving behavior

Fri, 23 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Frontiers) A new study inspired by a court case involving a driver seriously hurt in an accident when following another car to a destination, provides evidence to show that the car behind makes risky driving maneuvers. Driving faster, more erratically, closer to the car in front and jumping traffic lights are all blamed on a fear of getting lost. Drivers are advised to provide the follower with a map or navigational guide before setting off.



Don't leave baby boomers behind when designing wearable technology

Fri, 23 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Human Factors and Ergonomics Society) Accounting for age-related cognitive and physical challenges can increase adoption rates for older users who need help managing their health.



Putting others first can cost lives in emergencies

Fri, 23 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Waterloo) Selfless heroism isn't the best strategy in life-and-death disaster situations involving groups of people, a new study from the University of Waterloo suggests.



Additional funding for prisoner mental health collaboration

Fri, 23 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Plymouth) A national collaboration investigating a cross-agency 'joined up' approach to the needs of prisoners with mental health needs on and immediately after release, has received additional funding of almost £290,000 to continue its work for another 10 months. Follow up will now be extended from six to 12 months and a more comprehensive economic analysis will be carried out.



Public health guidelines aim to lower health risks of cannabis use

Thu, 22 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Centre for Addiction and Mental Health) Canada's Lower-Risk Cannabis Use Guidelines, released today with the endorsement of key medical and public health organizations, provide 10 science-based recommendations to enable cannabis users to reduce their health risks. The guidelines, based on a scientific review by an international team of experts, are published in the American Journal of Public Health.



ACP expresses 'strongest opposition' to Better Care Reconciliation Act of 2017

Thu, 22 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(American College of Physicians) The American College of Physicians (ACP) expresses our strongest possible opposition to the Better Care Reconciliation Act (BCRA) of 2017, legislation to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act (ACA).



Child safety or parental duty: New study maps out core concepts in the vaccination debate

Thu, 22 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Virginia Tech) 'A single phrase can conjure up completely different images in our minds, depending on how that concept is organized in our mental models,' said Samarth Swarup, a research assistant professor at Virginia Tech.



New report examines evidence on interventions to prevent cognitive decline, dementia

Thu, 22 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine) Cognitive training, blood pressure management for people with hypertension, and increased physical activity all show modest but inconclusive evidence that they can help prevent cognitive decline and dementia, but there is insufficient evidence to support a public health campaign encouraging their adoption, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.



Researchers show first evidence of using cortical targets to improve motor function

Thu, 22 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Miami Miller School of Medicine) University of Miami Miller School of Medicine's Dr. Monica A. Perez, Associate Professor, Department of Neurological Surgery and The Miami Project, and colleagues, recently published 'A novel cortical target to enhance hand motor output in humans with spinal cord injury' in the June issue of Brain that provides the first evidence that cortical targets could represent a novel therapeutic site for improving motor function in humans paralyzed by spinal cord injury.



ACR acknowledges CMS efforts to increase flexibility and reduce regulatory burdens

Thu, 22 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(American College of Rheumatology) The American College of Rheumatology (ACR) today welcomed components of a new proposed rule from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) regarding the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act of 2015 (MACRA) Quality Payment Program (QPP) as containing several positive developments for rheumatology providers.



Tourette Syndrome risk increases in people with genetic copy variations

Thu, 22 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Purdue University) An international team that just conducted the largest study of Tourette Syndrome has identified genetic abnormalities that are the first definitive risk genes for the disorder.



Research suggests sexual appeals in ads don't sell brands, products

Thu, 22 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) Ads with sexual appeals are more likely to be remembered but don't sell the brand or product, according to a meta-analysis of nearly 80 advertising studies, published online this week by the International Journal of Advertising. Researchers found no positive effect on study participants' ability to remember the brands featured in such ads or on their intention to buy the product. The research was led by University of Illinois advertising professor John Wirtz.



Mouse study suggests how hearing a warning sound turns into fearing it over time

Thu, 22 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Emory Health Sciences) An adult mouse model reveals that changes in lattice-like structures in the brain known as perineuronal nets are necessary to 'capture' an auditory fear association and 'haul' it in as a longer-term memory.



Study examines gun policy preferences across racial groups

Thu, 22 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Illinois at Chicago) Support for all forms of gun control is stronger among Latinos and blacks than whites, according to researchers from the University of Illinois at Chicago.



Proton pump inhibitors do not contribute to dementia or Alzheimer's disease

Thu, 22 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(American Geriatrics Society) Noting that the prescription of proton pump inhibitors is on the rise among middle-aged and older adults, a team of researchers designed a new study to examine PPIs and the risk of dementia, mild cognitive impairment, and Alzheimer's disease. They published their study in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.



Popular prostate drug linked to serious side effects

Thu, 22 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Boston University Medical Center) Treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) with the commonly prescribed Avodart (Dutsteride) may put men at an increased risk for diabetes, elevated cholesterol levels, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and worsening erectile dysfunction.



Science sets sail

Thu, 22 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Erlangen-Nuremberg) FAU explores new research horizons with voyage of scientific discovery on the Baltic Sea