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Preview: EurekAlert! - Policy and Ethics

EurekAlert! - Policy and Ethics



The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.



Last Build Date: Mon, 25 Sep 2017 14:36:01 EDT

Copyright: Copyright 2017 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.
 



Violent crime increases during warmer weather, no matter the season, study finds

Mon, 25 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Drexel University) A study analyzing crime data in Philadelphia for 10 years found that rates of violent crime and disorderly conduct are higher when the weather is warmer and more pleasant, even rising sharply during warmer-than-typical winter days.



Goodbye, login. Hello, heart scan.

Mon, 25 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University at Buffalo) Forget fingerprint computer identification or retinal scanning. A University at Buffalo-led team has developed a computer security system using the dimensions of your heart as your identifier.The system uses low-level Doppler radar to measure your heart, and then continually monitors your heart to make sure no one else has stepped in to run your computer. The technology will be presented next month at the 23rd MobiCom conference.



People are reluctant to use public defibrillators to treat cardiac arrests

Mon, 25 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Warwick) A study led the University of Warwick suggests that people are reluctant to use public-access defibrillators to treat cardiac arrests.



Neuro Kinetics awarded patents for eye testing and I-PAS™ virtual reality for medical diagnostics

Mon, 25 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Neuro Kinetics, Inc.) Among three new US patents awarded to Neuro Kinetics is protection for its I-PAS™ design, a highly portable device for oculomotor testing using clinically sensitive eye tracking. Looking similar to a virtual reality headset, the I-PAS is just as easy to put on. After years of I-PAS use for clinical investigations, FDA clearance is now pending for commercial use as a nystamograph. Concussion-related testing will still be investigational. NKI's patent count now reaches 22.



UC research shows ticks are even tougher and nastier than you thought

Mon, 25 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Cincinnati) Studies by the University of Cincinnati are showing how ticks can survive drought and cold northern winters. UC is working with county parks on a surveillance program.



Climate insurance is rarely well thought out in agriculture

Mon, 25 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ) Internationally subsidised agricultural insurance is intended to protect farmers in developing countries from the effects of climate change. However, it can also lead to undesirable ecological and social side effects, as UFZ researchers and their colleagues at the University of Oregon have explained in Global Environmental Change. The article also contains recommendations for improved insurance schemes which in future should also take account of ecological and social aspects in addition to economic issues.



Minority public managers prefer integrating social equity, traditional public values

Mon, 25 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Kansas) Minority public managers place more emphasis on both traditional values, like efficiency and effectiveness, and social equity when compared with their white counterparts, according to a new study that includes a University of Kansas researcher and two fellow KU alumni.



Study: There is almost no research on what distinguishes potential terrorists

Mon, 25 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(North Carolina State University) A recent analysis of the existing research on factors associated with an individual's risk for engaging in terrorist activity highlights how little we know about these factors and the need for additional research in this area.



Getting the measure of mud

Mon, 25 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(St John's College, University of Cambridge) For the first time, researchers have been able to use mud deposited on the depths of the ocean floor to measure changes in the speed of deep-sea currents. Using mud as a current meter could help scientists to identify fluctuating patterns in ocean current speeds stretching back into prehistory, enabling climate change researchers to get a better sense of how currents behave over time.



Emergency contraception not as accessible as it should be, says CU Anschutz study

Fri, 22 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus) Efforts to remove barriers to accessing emergency contraception (EC) scored victories in 2013, when the US Food and Drug Administration removed age restrictions on over-the-counter sales of the levonogestrel drug Plan B.



A global perspective: Can humans mitigate risks associated with natural disasters?

Fri, 22 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(World Scientific) 'The Handbook of Disaster Risk Reduction & Management' explores climate change and its association with socio-economic development and cultures, particularly in vulnerable communities, and investigates how resilience to disasters can be built. As its title suggests, the focus is on mitigation strategies and policies to reduce and manage the consequences of natural disasters. The handbook covers pre- to post-disaster occurrences from a wide range of perspectives, such as gender and country.



Ultrafast 5G mobile broadband thanks to millimeter-wave band technology

Fri, 22 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(IMDEA Networks Institute) The great ambition of the networked society is to connect everything, everywhere, all the time. But the ideal of seamless communications poses fundamental challenges to legacy networks that the new 5G communication networks currently under development need to solve. One of such challenges is supporting the significant growth of traffic demands. Next generation services such as mobile cloud service, gaming, social-networking applications and 3-D immersive applications require massive capacity and higher data rates than current 4G networks are unable to sustain.



Yale announces collaboration with WBCSD to improve corporate reporting

Fri, 22 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies ) The Yale Initiative on Sustainable Finance will provide high-quality research on the flow of capital into sustainability-oriented projects and sustainable companies.



The math of doughnuts: 'Moonshine' sheds light on elliptic curves

Fri, 22 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Emory Health Sciences) Mathematicians have opened a new chapter in the theory of moonshine, one which begins to harness the power of the pariahs -- sporadic simple groups that previously had no known application.



A University of Manchester-worthy guide on Component-Based Software Development

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(World Scientific) With documentary evidence tracing its origin to 1968, component-based development concerns constructing systems from pre-built software components in the field of software engineering. Fast forward almost 50 years, there remains various views on exactly what components are and how they are composed. With software becoming more pervasive and complicated, an even more important question arises: Is Component-Based Software Development still relevant?



Politically driven: How today's advances in science & technology come about

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(World Scientific) The 1980s witnessed technologies focus on reducing costs and improving performance. However, at the turn of 21st century, there appeared to have been a paradigm shift; moving scientific and technological innovation into the age of 'Politico-Engineering' (i.e. politically initiated engineering), with an emphasis on sustainable and crisis-managing technologies.



Understanding the dance to save the dance

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Botanical Society of America) Plant-pollinator relationships are vital to our natural and agricultural ecosystems, with an incredible amount of food crops worldwide dependent on plant-pollinator interaction success. But the advancement of climate change is disrupting plant-pollinator relationships. A special issue of Applications in Plant Sciences -- Studying Plant-Pollinator Interactions Facing Climate Change and Changing Environments -- explores the creative methods being used by researchers to study the effects of climate change on plant-pollinator relationships.



PPPL physicist Francesca Poli named ITER Scientist Fellow

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(DOE/Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory) Physicist Francesca Poli of the U.S. Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) has been appointed an ITER Scientist Fellow. She will join a network of researchers who have achieved international recognition and will work closely with ITER, an international tokamak under construction in France, to develop the scientific program to be carried out during the fusion device's lifetime.



Strong alcohol policies help reduce alcohol-involved homicides

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Boston Medical Center) Stronger alcohol policies, including taxes and sales restrictions, have been shown to reduce the likelihood of alcohol involvement among homicide victims, according to a new study from Boston Medical Center (BMC) and Boston University.



New technique accurately digitizes transparent objects

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(The Optical Society) A new imaging technique makes it possible to precisely digitize clear objects and their surroundings, an achievement that has eluded current state-of-the-art 3-D rendering methods.



Ozark grasslands experience major increase in trees and shrubs

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of California - Davis) Woody vegetation, such as trees and shrubs, has increased dramatically in Ozark grasslands over the past 75 years, according to a study published this week in the journal Landscape Ecology. If these ecosystems continue to favor woody vegetation, will it be possible to maintain open grasslands for the foreseeable future?



NAM special publication on how health clinicians can counter opioid epidemic

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine) Halting the opioid epidemic requires aggressive action across multiple dimensions, including informed, active, and determined front-line leadership from health clinicians working in every setting throughout the nation, says a new National Academy of Medicine (NAM) special publication developed at the request of the National Governors Association to assist the nation's governors as they work with clinicians to counter the opioid crisis.



Cannabis, 'Spice' -- better think twice

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Tsukuba) Marijuana is the most commonly abused drug in the world, and the advent of synthetic cannabinoids creates additional challenges to the society because of their higher potency and ability to escape drug detection screenings. Scientists from Japanese sleep institute have a warning for the society about a danger coming from cannabinoid abuse.



Going diving in the tropics? Don't eat the reef fish!

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of British Columbia) Reducing tourist consumption of reef fish is critical for Palau's ocean sustainability, finds a new UBC study that suggests other small island nations might also consider adopting this strategy.



We must accelerate transitions for sustainability and climate change, experts say

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Sussex) We must move faster towards a low-carbon world if we are to limit global warming to 2 degrees C this century, experts have warned.