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Preview: EurekAlert! - Policy and Ethics

EurekAlert! - Policy and Ethics



The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.



Last Build Date: Sat, 19 Aug 2017 02:36:01 EDT

Copyright: Copyright 2017 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.
 



ASTRO supports US Nuclear Regulatory Commission final rule

Fri, 18 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(American Society for Radiation Oncology) The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) applauds the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission for yesterday's announcement of a final rule that updates the definition of medical events for permanent implant brachytherapy and protects patients' access to this treatment.



GA4GH 5th Plenary Meeting

Fri, 18 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Global Alliance for Genomics and Health) Francis Collins and Harold Varmus will discuss the importance of international open science in a joint keynote address at the 5GA4GH 5th Plenary Meeting in Orlando, Florida, USA on Oct. 17, 2017. The event is an official ASHG ancillary meeting and will afford attendees the opportunity to learn more about important changes to GA4GH that aim to enable responsible, real-world genomic data sharing by 2022.



Right kind of collaboration is key to solving environmental problems

Fri, 18 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Stockholm University) Society's ability to solve environmental problems is tied to how different actors collaborate and the shape and form of the networks they create, says a new study from researchers at Stockholm Resilience Centre which is published in the journal Science.



Climate change and habitat conversion combine to homogenize nature

Fri, 18 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of California - Davis) Climate change and habitat conversion to agriculture are working together to homogenize nature, indicates a study in the journal Global Change Biology led by the University of California, Davis. In other words, the more things change, the more they are the same.



UMass Amherst computer scientists offer new techniques to measure social bias in software

Thu, 17 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Massachusetts at Amherst) Brun says, "Unchecked, biases in data and software run the risk of perpetuating biases in society. For example, prior work has demonstrated that racial bias exists in online advertising delivery systems, where online searches for traditionally-minority names were more likely to yield ads related to arrest records. Such software behavior can contribute to racial stereotypes and other grave societal consequences."



Experiences of stroke survivors with visual impairments examined

Thu, 17 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Liverpool) A new University of Liverpool study, published in Brain and Behaviour, identifies simple measures that could substantially improve the quality of life of stroke survivors with visual impairments.



ECS OpenCon 2017 explores ideas for next generation research

Thu, 17 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(The Electrochemical Society) The Electrochemical Society (ECS) will host its first OpenCon event on Sunday, October 1 at the Gaylord National Conference Center in National Harbor, Md., bringing together some of the top advocates in open access and open science to explore new avenues in the dissemination of next generation research.



In search of Edwards' pheasant

Thu, 17 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Newcastle University) Scientists from Newcastle University, UK, say we need to improve our information about little-known species to reduce the risk of one going extinct just because no-one is interested in looking for it.



Study calls for action to help adolescents with diabetes transition to adult care

Wed, 16 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(McGill University Health Centre) Adolescence can be turbulent period of life, with struggles to establish autonomy, identity issues and risk-taking behaviours. For young adults with a chronic illness such as type 1 diabetes, this transition phase also means they must assume an increased responsibility for their overall health. A study from the McGill University Health Centre sheds light on gaps in transition care practice in Quebec, pointing out a lack of standardized policies across pediatric diabetes centers.



Computer scientists use music to covertly track body movements, activity

Wed, 16 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Washington) Researchers at the University of Washington have demonstrated how it is possible to transform a smart device into a surveillance tool that can collect information about the body position and movements of the user, as well as other people in the device's immediate vicinity.



UW professor Franziska Roesner named one of world's top innovators under 35

Wed, 16 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Washington) MIT Technology Review has named University of Washington professor Franziska Roesner one of 35 'Innovators Under 35' for 2017.



Moving beyond nudges to improve health and health care policies

Wed, 16 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Carnegie Mellon University) With countries around the world struggling to deliver quality health care and contain costs, a team of behavioral economists led by Carnegie Mellon University's George Loewenstein believes it's time to apply recent insights on human behavior to inform and reform health policy.



Domestic abuse 'workshops' reduce repeat offending and harm to public -- study

Wed, 16 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Cambridge) First UK experiment on policing domestic abuse finds 35 percent fewer men reoffending against partners -- and reoffenders causing less harm to victims -- when mandated to attend charity-run discussion course. Researchers call on Government to approve rollout of program across England and Wales.



Follow the Bitcoin to find victims of human trafficking

Wed, 16 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(NYU Tandon School of Engineering) A team of university researchers has devised the first automated techniques to identify ads potentially tied to human trafficking rings and link them to public information from Bitcoin -- the primary payment method for online sex ads. They found they could identify groups of ads with a common author. They then tested an automated system that utilizes publicly available information from the Bitcoin mempool and blockchain to find connections between ads.



Popular sungazer lizards under threat from poaching

Wed, 16 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of the Witwatersrand) The sungazer (Smaug giganteus), a dragon-like lizard species endemic to the Highveld regions of South Africa, is facing an assault on two fronts as farming and industrialization encroaches on its natural habitat -- which already consist of only a several hundred square kilometers globally -- while the illegal global pet trade is adding pressure on pushing the species into extinction.



Mosses used to evaluate atmospheric conditions in urban areas

Wed, 16 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Hokkaido University) Researchers have developed a method to evaluate atmospheric conditions using mosses (bryophytes) in urban areas, a development that could facilitate broader evaluations of atmospheric environments.



Poll: Senate ACA replacement bill failure related to divisions among Republicans and parties

Wed, 16 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health) A new analysis of 27 national public opinion polls by 12 survey organizations finds the failure of the recent US Senate debate over proposals to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act (ACA) relates to deep divisions among Republicans, and between Republicans and Democrats, on the future of the ACA. The analysis suggests the debate outcome was influenced by a substantial growth in public support for the principle that the federal government should ensure that all Americans have health insurance coverage.



Why the definition of polycystic ovary syndrome harms women

Wed, 16 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Sydney) The changed definition of polycystic ovary syndrome harms women and brings no clear benefit, say Australian scientists in today's British Medical Journal.



Study reveals the evolutionary history of imperiled salmon stocks

Wed, 16 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of California - Davis) New technologies for analyzing DNA may transform how imperiled species are considered and managed for conservation protection, according to a study published today in the journal Science Advances and led by the University of California, Davis. These technologies can be applied to a wide range of species around the world -- from mushrooms to walruses -- but the study focuses on two iconic species of Pacific salmon: steelhead and chinook.



UMass Amherst Biogeographer leads study on wildfire risk related to invasive grasses

Tue, 15 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Massachusetts at Amherst) Bradley says, "This study builds on our work with cheatgrass, which strongly increases risk of wildfire. But, ecologists and managers have reported suspected links between invasive grasses and fire for at least 30 additional species in the continental US Our analysis will test whether we can see similar increases in fire associated with these other invasive grass species."



Detecting a concealed weapon or threat is not easy, even for experienced police officers

Tue, 15 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Iowa State University) Terrorist attacks and bombings at concerts, sporting events and airports underscore the need for accurate and reliable threat detection. However, the likelihood of a police officer identifying someone concealing a gun or bomb is only slightly better than chance, according to new research from Iowa State University.



Climate change projected to significantly increase harmful algal blooms in US freshwaters

Tue, 15 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Tufts University) Harmful algal blooms known to pose risks to human and environmental health in large freshwater reservoirs and lakes are projected to increase because of climate change, according to a team of researchers led by a Tufts University scientist.



'Organismic learning' mimics some aspects of human thought

Tue, 15 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Purdue University) A new computing technology called 'organismoids' mimics some aspects of human thought by learning how to forget unimportant memories while retaining more vital ones.



Lutheranism has provided the foundations of the Nordic welfare state

Tue, 15 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Helsinki) Martin Luther's theological thinking, as it worked to shape the Lutheran world in the centuries following the Reformation, has had a decisive impact on the creation of the Nordic social-democratic system in the twentieth century, argues Professor Robert H. Nelson in his new book.



Artificial intelligence and blockchain companies partner to advance healthcare research

Tue, 15 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(InSilico Medicine, Inc.) Insilico Medicine, Inc, announced a research collaboration with the Bitfury Group, the world's leading full-service blockchain technology conglomerate, to develop novel solutions for healthcare applications. The companies signed a memorandum of understanding to collaborate in the academic and commercial settings to develop AI on Blockchain solutions for the healthcare industry.