Last Build Date: Fri, 28 Oct 2016 10:36:01 EDTCopyright: Copyright 2016 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Rice University) The contradictory approach of United States policy toward the US-Mexico border could lead to a rise in anti-American sentiment in residents of Mexico and squelch any hopes of a North American community bound by a strong economic relationship in a peaceful and democratic region, according to an expert at Rice University's Baker Institute for Public Policy.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of British Columbia) The Pacific spiny dogfish shark is a master at recycling the ocean's toxic ammonia and converting it into useful urea, according to new research from University of British Columbia zoologists. Animals typically eat protein in order to grow, but sharks also require protein to continually replenish urea in their tissues. The urea keeps the fish from drying out in salty seawater.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Portland State University) Across the country, it is now common that 15 percent or less of eligible citizens vote in elections for mayor, city council and important civic issues, researchers find.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Oxford University Press USA) Oxford University Press (OUP) is pleased to announce its partnership with BGI. Beginning January 2017, Oxford University Press (OUP) is the proud publisher of the prestigious, open-access, open-data journal, GigaScience. The journal has an international and multidisciplinary editorial board led by Laurie Goodman Ph.D. as Editor-in-Chief and Scott Edmunds Ph.D. as Executive Editor.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of Southern Denmark) More humans than ever are exposed to higher levels of ionizing radiation from medical equipment, airplanes, etc. A new study suggests that this kind of radiation may be a confounding factor in the neurodegenerative disease Alzheimer's.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of Michigan Health System) A new analysis suggests that Medicare should focus more on how well hospitals do at actually keeping patients alive during the first 30 days after a hospitalization, in addition to how well they do at keeping patients from being readmitted.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Washington University in St. Louis) In a serendipitous moment, scientists studying light sensing molecules in plants have discovered that they are also temperature sensors.The discovery may eventually allow them to design crop varieties that are better able to cope with a warming world.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of British Columbia Okanagan campus) People with higher levels of psychopathic tendencies are more likely to assault their romantic partners. They are also more likely to drink alcohol, a UBC study has found.The study, which was conducted at UBC's Okanagan campus, involved looking at data and police reports involving 700 US civil psychiatric patients in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania as well as 870 students at UBC's campus in Kelowna, BC.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of Cambridge) A photoreceptor molecule in plant cells has been found to moonlight as a thermometer after dark -- allowing plants to read seasonal temperature changes. Scientists say the discovery could help breed crops that are more resilient to the temperatures expected to result from climate change.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of Houston) The University of Houston received three Higher Education Excellence in Diversity (HEED) awards from INSIGHT into Diversity Magazine, the oldest and largest diversity-focused publication in higher education. This is the first time an institution has earned three HEED awards in a single year, being presented to the University of Houston, the UH Law Center and the UH School of Nursing and will be featured in the magazine's November 2016 issue.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of Utah) Biologists at the University of Utah recently used light-weight geolocation technology to follow a species of songbird on its 10,000-kilometer migration from the Middle East to sub-Saharan Africa.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of Missouri-Columbia) A new study from Cory Koedel, associate professor of economics and public policy in the College of Arts and Science and the Truman School of Public Affairs at the University of Missouri, found that pension enhancements may not be a cost-effective or productive way to increase employee retention. Koedel says that these findings will be useful for informing pension policy as states attempt to address pension shortfalls while retaining effective teachers.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of Minnesota) A team of researchers, led by the University of Minnesota, has invented a new soap molecule made from renewable sources that could dramatically reduce the number of chemicals in cleaning products and their impact on the environment.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(American Chemical Society) The House of Representatives Science, Space & Technology Committee has been operating in lockstep with the combative political climate this election season. Since last year, the committee chair has issued more than 25 subpoenas to investigate science agencies and others. But rather than bring misdeeds to light, some scientists say the efforts are having a chilling effect, according to an article in Chemical & Engineering News, the weekly news magazine of the American Chemical Society.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Springer) By 2099 the nature of democratic politics could change in costly ways for politicians because of climate change, says Nick Obradovich of Harvard University in a paper in Springer's journal Climatic Change. He predicts that voters' disgruntlement about the societal effects of climatic extremes and weather-related disasters they experience will translate into more frequent turnover of political parties elected in and out of office.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Springer) Which would provide more accurate diagnosis and better treatment -- a human doctor, an intelligent machine, or some combination of the two? In Social Machines, authors James Hendler and Alice Mulvehill aim to help readers navigate the partnership between humans and AI. This is not a book about robots, but about the cognitive aspects of AI.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Springer) Both college men and women focus primarily on a photographed woman's nonverbal emotional cues when making snap decisions about whether she is expressing sexual interest at a particular moment in time. Physical attractiveness plays a much larger role in how college men than women make these quick judgments. This is according to a study in the journal Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, published by Springer.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Nanyang Technological University) Nanyang Technological University is building the region's first offshore system that will integrate multiple renewable energy sources such as solar, wind, tidal, diesel, and power-to-gas technologies.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health) An in-depth analysis of results from 14 national public opinion polls that looked at how Republican and Democratic likely voters in the 2016 presidential election view the health policy issues raised during the election campaign shows that the two parties' voters have markedly different values, priorities, and beliefs about the future of health policy.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of Texas at Austin) Areas of the Arctic play a larger role than previously thought in the global nitrogen cycle -- the process responsible for keeping a critical element necessary for life flowing between the atmosphere, the land and oceans. The finding is reported in a new study of the continental shelf in the Arctic Ocean published Wednesday in the journal Nature Communications.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of Cambridge) A combination of historical and genetic research reveals the error and hype that led to the coining of the term 'Patient Zero' and the blaming of one man for the spread of HIV across North America.
Tue, 25 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Queensland University of Technology) Nutrition professionals need to step up to the plate and gain a larger portion of influence on food policy in Australia to dilute the heavy concentration of 'food industry' representatives with direct links to food policy decision makers.
Tue, 25 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(INSEAD) The extent to which companies orient themselves around their customers contributes to their adoption of environmental management practices and hence their capacity for environmental innovation.
Tue, 25 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Wayne State University - Office of the Vice President for Research) Five Wayne State University research teams were recently awarded funding from Wayne State's Michigan Translational Research and Commercialization (MTRAC) program. The goal is to accelerate the translation and commercialization of their innovative biomedical technologies by providing the resources to validate technical and market opportunities. The MTRAC program is supported by a $1.07 million award from the Michigan Strategic Fund, which is administered by the Michigan Economic Development Corporation, with matching funds from Wayne State.
Tue, 25 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Duke University) Samples of smoke particles emanating from burning roadside trash piles in India have shown that their chemical composition and toxicity are very bad for human health. A person standing next to one of these fires might inhale a dose of toxins 1,000 times greater than that found in the ambient air -- reaching getting a daily dose limit in just one minute. Variation found between sites offers insights on mitigating the worst effects.