Subscribe: EurekAlert! - Policy and Ethics
http://www.eurekalert.org/rss/policy_ethics.xml
Preview: EurekAlert! - Policy and Ethics

EurekAlert! - Policy and Ethics



The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.



Last Build Date: Thu, 22 Feb 2018 16:36:01 EST

Copyright: Copyright 2018 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.
 



Age and gender matter behind the wheel -- but not how you might expect

Thu, 22 Feb 2018 00:00:00 EST

(University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences) A UCLA study explored the relationship between new drivers' skills and age, gender, organized sports and video gaming. The results suggest that mandatory training should be required for all novice drivers, not just teenagers.



Frontiers in precision medicine III: Will personalized medicine improve population health?

Thu, 22 Feb 2018 00:00:00 EST

(University of Utah Health) Join us for this full-day symposium at which nationally-renowned experts in personalized medicine, genomics, epidemiology, health disparities, regulatory science and bioethics will wrestle with the question whether and how personalized medicine can improve population health.



How the 'I approve' tagline boosts nasty political ads

Thu, 22 Feb 2018 00:00:00 EST

(University of California - Berkeley Haas School of Business) New research by Berkeley Haas Assoc. Prof. Clayton Critcher finds that adding the required 'I approve this message' tagline to negative campaign ads makes them more credible.



The successful launch of Falcon Heavy prompts a roadmap for radioresistant astronauts

Thu, 22 Feb 2018 00:00:00 EST

(InSilico Medicine, Inc.) This massively-collaborative research proposes the roadmap for making humans more resistant to radiation and multiple other forms of stress- and age-associated damage.



Seasonal patterns in the Amazon explained

Thu, 22 Feb 2018 00:00:00 EST

(DOE/Brookhaven National Laboratory) Environmental scientists at Brookhaven National Laboratory have led an international collaboration to improve satellite observations of tropical forests. With the help of professional tree climbers, the scientists collected field data on three factors that affect canopy 'greenness.'



Study debunks claim that medical marijuana laws increase recreational pot use for US teens

Thu, 22 Feb 2018 00:00:00 EST

(Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health) Legalizing medical marijuana has not increased recreational use of the substance among US adolescents, according to a new study. For now, there appears to be no basis for the argument that legalizing medical marijuana has increased teens' use of the drug. The researchers analyzed the results of eleven separate studies dating back to 1991. No significant changes, increases or decreases, occurred in adolescent recreational use following enactment of medical marijuana laws.



Debunking claims about medical marijuana: More teen recreational use, fewer opioid deaths

Thu, 22 Feb 2018 00:00:00 EST

(Society for the Study of Addiction) Two papers published today look at the current evidence of the effects of medical marijuana laws and conclude there is little support that such laws increase recreational marijuana use among adolescents or reduce opioid overdose deaths.



Animal diversity improves reproducibility of pre-clinical research

Thu, 22 Feb 2018 00:00:00 EST

(PLOS) Pre-clinical animal research is typically based on single laboratory studies conducted under highly standardized conditions. But in a new PLOS Biology study publishing Feb. 22, researchers from the Universities of Bern and Edinburgh show that this near-universal practice may actually help to explain the poor reproducibility of pre-clinical animal research. Instead of standardized conditions, diversity may be better.



Smartphones are bad for some teens, not all

Wed, 21 Feb 2018 00:00:00 EST

(Canadian Institute for Advanced Research) In a commentary published today in Nature's special issue on the science of adolescence, Candice Odgers argues that smartphones should not be seen as universally bad. Her piece highlights research on how teens use online tools to build up relationships and arrange activities in real life. However, she also examines evidence that vulnerable teens are experiencing greater negative effects of life online.



Tropical trees use unique method to resist drought

Wed, 21 Feb 2018 00:00:00 EST

(University of California - Riverside) Tropical trees in the Amazon Rainforest may be more drought resistant than previously thought, according to a new study by researchers at the University of California, Riverside.That's good news, since the Amazon stores about 20 percent of all carbon in the Earth's biomass, which helps reduce global warming by lowering the planet's greenhouse gas levels.The study was published Monday in the journal New Phytologist.



First evidence of surprising ocean warming around Galápagos corals

Wed, 21 Feb 2018 00:00:00 EST

(University of Arizona) A new analysis of the natural temperature archives stored in coral reefs shows the ocean around the Galápagos Islands has been warming since the 1970s. The finding surprised the research team, because the sparse instrumental records for sea surface temperature for that part of the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean did not show warming. Scientists thought strong upwelling of colder deep waters spared the region from the warming seen in other parts of the Pacific.



American Psychological Association conference on technology, mind and society

Wed, 21 Feb 2018 00:00:00 EST

(American Psychological Association) The conference will focus on efforts to understand and shape the interactions of human beings and technology. Topics to be presented include whether humans are ready for self-driving cars, how social media can help identify mental illness, how robots can help people with dementia and the effect on young children of growing up in a digital environment.



Social media and internet not cause of political polarization, (new research suggests)

Wed, 21 Feb 2018 00:00:00 EST

(University of Oxford) New Oxford University research suggests that social media and the internet are not the root of today's fragmented society, and echo chambers may not be the threat they are perceived to be. In fact most people use multiple media outlets and social media platforms, meaning that only a small proportion of the population, at most, is influenced by echo chambers.



Engage with the world's most talented mathematicians and computer scientists in Heidelberg!

Wed, 21 Feb 2018 00:00:00 EST

(Heidelberg Laureate Forum Foundation) This September, recipients of the Abel Prize, ACM A.M. Turing Award, ACM Prize in Computing, Fields Medal, and the Nevanlinna Prize are invited to gather in Heidelberg to meet with 200 young researchers from all over the world at the 6th Heidelberg Laureate Forum (HLF). In order to reach a broader, more international audience, the Heidelberg Laureate Forum Foundation (HLFF) encourages journalists to cover the event and affords the chance to interact with the preeminent scientists of mathematics and computer science.



'Chameleon' ocean bacteria can shift their colors

Wed, 21 Feb 2018 00:00:00 EST

(University of Warwick) Cyanobacteria -- which propel the ocean engine and help sustain marine life -- can shift their color like chameleons to match different colored light across the world's seas, according to research by an international collaboration including the University of Warwick.



Perceptions of God make Democrats more conservative, Republicans more liberal in some ways

Wed, 21 Feb 2018 00:00:00 EST

(Baylor University) Republicans who believe that God is highly engaged with humanity are like Democrats -- more liberal -- when it comes to social and economic justice issues, according to a Baylor University study analyzing data from the Baylor Religion Survey.



Study shows age doesn't affect survival in patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma after HCT

Wed, 21 Feb 2018 00:00:00 EST

(Be The Match) Results from a retrospective study presented at the 2018 BMT Tandem Meetings dispute age as a limiting factor to transplant eligibility, showing no differences in 4-year outcomes for patients older or younger than age 65.



Climate change, evolution, and what happens when researchers are also friends

Tue, 20 Feb 2018 00:00:00 EST

(Colorado State University) A new study in Trends in Ecology and Evolution, which addresses how climate change is affecting the evolution of organisms, underscores the need for evolutionary, ecosystem and climate scientists to work together to better understand eco-evolutionary feedback dynamics.



Governance of emerging technologies: Aligning policy analysis with the public's values

Tue, 20 Feb 2018 00:00:00 EST

(The Hastings Center) A new special report examines how we can make wise policy decisions about emerging technologies.



As climate changes, so could the genes of the Eastern tiger swallowtail butterfly

Tue, 20 Feb 2018 00:00:00 EST

(University of Notre Dame) Researchers warn climate change can not only influence the geographic distribution of a species in response to changing conditions -- it could also affect the evolutionary trajectories of interbreeding species.



'Demographic compensation' may not save plants facing changing climate

Tue, 20 Feb 2018 00:00:00 EST

(North Carolina State University) A large-scale study shows mixed results for hypothesis on how plants deal with climate change.



Beluga whales dive deeper, longer to find food in Arctic

Tue, 20 Feb 2018 00:00:00 EST

(University of Washington) Beluga whales that spend summers feeding in the Arctic are diving deeper and longer to find food than in earlier years, when sea ice covered more of the ocean for longer periods, according to a new analysis led by University of Washington researchers



New study aims to measure how PTSD affects police officers

Tue, 20 Feb 2018 00:00:00 EST

(University at Buffalo) Researchers are working with a sample of members of the Buffalo Police Department on a three-year $814,000 study being funded by the US Department of Justice's National Institute of Justice.



Using a laser to wirelessly charge a smartphone safely across a room

Tue, 20 Feb 2018 00:00:00 EST

(University of Washington) Engineers at the University of Washington have for the first time developed a method to safely charge a smartphone wirelessly using a laser.



Guidelines for fluoride intake -- Are they appropriate?

Tue, 20 Feb 2018 00:00:00 EST

(International & American Associations for Dental Research) The appropriate use of fluoride has transformed oral health over the past 70 years, in part due to the guidelines created for fluoride intake. Recently, researchers are questioning these longstanding guidelines which served as advisory recommendations for decades. This issue of Advances in Dental Research, an e-Supplement to the Journal of Dental Research (JDR), presents the proceedings of a symposium at the 95th General Session of IADR in San Francisco, USA and includes reviews that critically examine the current guidelines for fluoride intake.