Subscribe: EurekAlert! - Policy and Ethics
http://www.eurekalert.org/rss/policy_ethics.xml
Added By: Feedage Forager Feedage Grade A rated
Language: English
Tags:
american  care  data  genomic data  health  institute  new research  new  public  research  researchers  study  technologies  university 
Rate this Feed
Rate this feedRate this feedRate this feedRate this feedRate this feed
Rate this feed 1 starRate this feed 2 starRate this feed 3 starRate this feed 4 starRate this feed 5 star

Comments (0)

Feed Details and Statistics Feed Statistics
Preview: EurekAlert! - Policy and Ethics

EurekAlert! - Policy and Ethics



The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.



Last Build Date: Wed, 18 Oct 2017 03:36:01 EDT

Copyright: Copyright 2017 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.
 



Study links chocolate production to increased deforestation in poor nations

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Lehigh University) In newly published research, Mark Noble, visiting assistant professor of sociology and anthropology at Lehigh, focuses on the link between cocoa exports and deforestation in developing nations.



Fighting fires before they spark

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of New Mexico) With warm, dry summers comes a deadly caveat for the western United States: wildfires. Scientists say the hot, dry climates found west of the Mississippi, along with decades of fire suppression efforts, are creating a devastating and destructive combination -- leading to fires like the ones currently burning in California. Now, new research from The University of New Mexico is giving forest and fire management teams across the country the upper hand in reducing the severity of these events.



Los Alamos researchers and supercomputers help interpret the latest LIGO findings

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(DOE/Los Alamos National Laboratory) Astrophysicist Chris Fryer was enjoying an evening with friends on Aug. 25, 2017, when he got the news of a gravitational-wave detection by LIGO, the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory.



DuPont Pioneer and Donald Danforth Plant Science Center collaborate

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Donald Danforth Plant Science Center) The Danforth Center is applying CRISPR-Cas technology to staple food crops such as cassava and sorghum to produce planting materials with improved disease resistance, nutritional value and enhanced resilience to biotic stresses.



Experts devise plan to slash unnecessary medical testing

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Virginia Health System) Researchers at top hospitals in the US and Canada have developed an ambitious plan to eliminate unnecessary medical testing, with the goal of reducing medical bills while improving patient outcomes, safety and satisfaction.



A new way to harness wasted methane

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Massachusetts Institute of Technology) An MIT team has identified a process that could be used to harness methane that is now wasted by being burned off at wellheads.



Tropical beetles face extinction threat

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of York) Climate change is putting many tropical high altitude beetles at risk of extinction, warn an international team of scientists.



New techniques boost performance of non-volatile memory systems

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(North Carolina State University) Computer engineering researchers have developed new software and hardware designs that should limit programming errors and improve system performance in devices that use non-volatile memory technologies.



'Revising the image of Islamic law'

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Cluster of Excellence "Religion and Politics") Scholar of Islamic studies Norbert Oberauer explores the unknown legal genre of the 'maxims' - Study sheds new light on the legal history of Islam: far more alterations from the Middle Ages to the modern age than expected -- Formulas of the maxims systematized the law, an innovative step in history that had long been overlooked.



GA4GH strikes formal collaborations with 15 international genomic data initiatives

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Global Alliance for Genomics and Health) GA4GH has struck formal collaborations with 15 international genomic data initiatives as 2017 Driver Projects as part of GA4GH Connect, a new phase of the organization focused on driving uptake of standards and frameworks for genomic data sharing within the research and healthcare communities in order to enable responsible sharing of clinical-grade genomic data by 2022.



Study reshapes understanding of climate change's impact on early societies

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Yale University) A new study linking paleoclimatology -- the reconstruction of past global climates --with historical analysis by researchers at Yale and other institutions shows a link between environmental stress and its impact on the economy, political stability, and war-fighting capacity of ancient Egypt.



'Mystery clients' reveal weaknesses of tuberculosis care in rural China

Tue, 17 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(PLOS) Many health care providers in China -- especially those at village clinics and township health centers -- fail to correctly manage tuberculosis (TB) cases, according to a study involving standardized patients published this week in PLOS Medicine by Sean Sylvia of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA, Chengchao Zhou of Shangdong University, China, and colleagues at the World Bank, McGill University, Stanford University and other institutions in China.



Toward efficient high-pressure desalination

Mon, 16 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Massachusetts Institute of Technology) One of the biggest operational challenges for desalination plants is the fouling of membranes by microbes. New research from MIT suggests a novel approach to reducing the rate of fouling, and thus improving desalination plant efficiency.



Majority overestimates US gay population, could influence gay rights policies

Mon, 16 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Kansas) The public tends to overestimate the American gay and lesbian population, and those who do so are less likely to support equal rights measures, according to a new study by two University of Kansas political scientists.



Report identifies factors associated with harassment, abuse in academic fieldwork

Mon, 16 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) College students considering careers in fields like archaeology or geology that require extensive work at remote field sites might want to find out how potential supervisors and advisers conduct themselves in the field. Do they establish clear ground rules for the behavior of everyone on the team? Are the rules consistently enforced? According to a new report, such factors likely influence whether students will witness or experience harassment while working far from home.



Decoding the origin of heavy elements in the light from a neutron star merger

Mon, 16 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) On Aug. 17, scientists around the globe were treated to near-simultaneous observations by separate instruments: One set of Earth-based detectors measured the signature of a cataclysmic event sending ripples through the fabric of space-time, and a space-based detector measured the gamma-ray signature of a high-energy outburst emanating from the same region of the sky.



Women in science ask fewer questions than men, according to new research

Mon, 16 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Oxford) Stereotypes suggest that women love to talk, with some studies even finding that women say three times as much as men. But, new research from a team from the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge, shows there is an exception to this rule: professional STEM events, which could be indicative of the wider problem of gender inequality in the field.



Doctors urged to make a public commitment to talk to their patients about guns

Mon, 16 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(American College of Physicians) In the wake of the Las Vegas mass shooting, Garen Wintemute, MD, MPH, from the Violence Prevention Program at UC Davis, says that if Congress and the White House won't do anything to stop gun violence, then doctors must take action. In a pointed editorial published in Annals of Internal Medicine, Dr. Wintemute urges physicians to make a public commitment (go.annals.org/commit-now) to talk to their patients about firearms.



Following Presidential action, AGS renews call for bipartisan collaboration

Fri, 13 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(American Geriatrics Society) Presidential action to alter current law risks undermining progress made by Congress, the American people, and a cadre of healthcare stakeholders to improve care access, care quality, and care costs for us all as we age, so say experts at the American Geriatrics Society (AGS) evaluating recent orders by the Trump Administration. In light of these concerns, the AGS continues to call for stakeholder input, public hearings, and ample opportunities for feedback on health reform from the American public.



Insight into the challenges and contributions of nurse bioethicists

Fri, 13 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing) Nurse bioethicists are a small but special subset of the nursing profession and bioethics community, focusing on the moral complexities that arise in clinical care, research, and health policy.



ACM Multimedia Conference celebrates 25th anniversary with blockbuster program

Fri, 13 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Association for Computing Machinery) The Association for Computing Machinery's Special Interest Group on Multimedia (ACM SIGMM) is pleased to announce that ACM MM 2017 will be held from October 23-27, 2017 at the renowned Computer History Museum in Mountain View, California. The annual conference, now in its 25th year, will bring together promising start-ups, researchers and industry leaders in multimedia, computer vision and machine learning to discuss the latest advancements and applications in these technologies.



Milimeter-wave technologies, the promise of 5G wireless communications

Fri, 13 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(IMDEA Networks Institute) IMDEA Networks and Huawei Technologies have recently launched a joint research project to explore the synergies of two distinctive wireless technologies, which are both key components of the present and future of mobile communications. Their combination is crucial to enable the evolution of mobile networks, one of the most impactful technologies driving change and progress toward the 'network society'.



DISTRO: Saarbrücken researchers create digital objects from incomplete 3-D data

Fri, 13 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Saarland University) Using special cameras, it is now possible to capture real objects digitally. Nonetheless, they run into trouble if for example some parts are hidden by others. Computer scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Informatics, together with colleagues from the US semiconductor manufacturer Intel and the Intel Visual Computing Institute at Saarland University, have developed a method that can reconstruct a digital object even from incomplete images.



Climate Risk Insurance Initiative wins Momentum for Change Award

Thu, 12 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(United Nations University) A climate risk insurance initiative, hosted by the United Nations University in Bonn, was recognized today as an innovative, scaleable and practical example of real action to solve climate change.



NIFA honors land-grant university partners, announces hall of fame inductees

Thu, 12 Oct 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(National Institute of Food and Agriculture ) The US Department of Agriculture's (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) today honored several land-grant university partners during its annual Day of Appreciation ceremony. Those honored were recognized for supporting NIFA's mission to advance agricultural research, education, and extension to solve significant societal challenges.