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Preview: EurekAlert! - Policy and Ethics

EurekAlert! - Policy and Ethics



The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.



Last Build Date: Mon, 22 May 2017 15:36:02 EDT

Copyright: Copyright 2017 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.
 



ESA announces the recipients of the 2016 Murray F. Buell and E. Lucy Braun Student Awards

Mon, 22 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Ecological Society of America) The Ecological Society of America recognizes Michael J.M. McTavish and Julienne E. NeSmith for outstanding student research presentations at the 101st Annual Meeting of the Society in Fort Lauderdale, Florida in August 2016. ESA will present the awards during the 2017 Annual Meeting in Portland, Oregon. The awards ceremony will take place on Monday, Aug. 7, at 8 AM in the Oregon Ballroom at the Oregon Convention Center.



Obamacare support: When polls mention repeal it seals the deal

Mon, 22 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Cornell University) Does the American public want former President Obama's health care law repealed and replaced? It depends on how you ask the question.



Human-induced deforestation is causing an increase in malaria cases

Mon, 22 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Lehigh University) A new study of 67 less-developed, malaria-endemic nations led by Lehigh University sociologist Dr. Kelly Austin, finds a link between deforestation and increasing malaria rates across developing nations.



Sheffield bioenergy experts collaborate with Egyptian partners to produce drinking water

Mon, 22 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Sheffield) Seawater in Egypt could be turned into drinking water using biomass energy as a source of heat in a new collaborative project from academics at the University of Sheffield UK and Port Said University in Egypt.



Female STEM leaders more likely to back policies aiding women

Mon, 22 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Frontiers) A national study of college and university administrators has found that female department chairs, deans and provosts have different attitudes and beliefs than their male counterparts about how to retain women professors in STEM fields. It also supports the assertion that placing women in administrative roles creates greater emphasis on the importance of enacting policies to attract and retain women in STEM.



Awareness of controversial Arizona immigration law influenced male students' classroom behavior

Mon, 22 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Kansas) US-born Latino male middle school students who had familiarity with a controversial Arizona immigration-enforcement bill had more difficulty exhibiting proper behavior in the classroom, such as following instructions and staying quiet, according to a new study by researchers at Arizona State University and the University of Kansas.



Reimbursement for integrative health care suggests violation of non-discrimination law

Mon, 22 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News) A new study shows that the likelihood of health insurance reimbursement for some common clinical services differs significantly depending on whether they are provided by a complementary healthcare service provider or a primary care physician.



Rise in lung adenocarcinoma linked to 'light' cigarette use

Mon, 22 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center) A new study shows that so-called 'light' cigarettes have no health benefits to smokers and have likely contributed to the rise of a certain form of lung cancer that occurs deep in the lungs.



National study looks at tobacco advertising and susceptibility to use tobacco among youth

Mon, 22 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of California - San Diego) Among 12- to 17-year-olds who have never used tobacco products, nearly half were considered receptive to tobacco marketing if they were able to recall or liked at least one advertisement, report researchers at University of California San Diego Moores Cancer Center and Dartmouth's Norris Cotton Cancer Center, in a new national study. Receptivity to tobacco ads is associated with an increased susceptibility to smoking cigarettes in the future.



Scientists find 7.2-million-year-old pre-human remains in the Balkans

Mon, 22 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Toronto) Scientists analyzing 7.2 million-year-old fossils uncovered in modern-day Greece and Bulgaria suggest a new hypothesis about the origins of humankind, placing it in the Eastern Mediterranean and not -- as customarily assumed -- in Africa, and earlier than currently accepted. The researchers conclude that Graecopithecus freybergi represents the first pre-humans to exist following the split from the last chimpanzee-human common ancestor.



World Scientific's latest titles in agricultural transformation launched by Indian PM

Sun, 21 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(World Scientific) World Scientific's two-part book series entitled 'M.S. Swaminathan: The Quest for a World Without Hunger' was launched by Indian Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, on May 19, 2017. Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Radha Mohan Singh, also participated.



Faster is better when it comes to sepsis care

Sun, 21 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences) An analysis covering nearly 50,000 patients from 149 New York hospitals is the first to offer scientific evidence that a controversial early sepsis care regulation worked. The announcement -- led by the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine -- gives fuel to other states pursuing rapid sepsis care initiatives.



Sequestering blue carbon through better management of coastal ecosystems

Fri, 19 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Utah State University) Focusing on the management of carbon stores within vegetated coastal habitats provides an opportunity to mitigate some aspects of global warming.



Caution urged in using PRP or stem cells to treat young athletes' injuries

Fri, 19 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Miami Miller School of Medicine) Physicians, parents and coaches should be cautious when considering treating injured young athletes with platelet rich plasma (PRP), stem cells or other types of regenerative medicine, says a nationally recognized sports medicine clinician and researcher at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine and UHealth Sports Medicine Institute.



GU licenses use of tyrosine kinase inhibitors for treatment of neurodegenerative diseases

Fri, 19 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Georgetown University Medical Center) Georgetown University today announces it has exclusively licensed worldwide intellectual property (IP) rights to develop and commercialize uses of tyrosine kinase (TK) inhibitors for the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases to Axovant Sciences GmbH.



New study opens case on emotional stress of senior police investigators in child homicide

Fri, 19 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Huddersfield) Child homicide can shatter families and communities. But what emotional effect does it have on detectives who might have to investigate such crimes repeatedly during their careers? University of Huddersfield psychologists are carrying out research into the subject, aiming to build up knowledge that could help ensure the mental well-being of police officers and lead to improved training guidelines.



ESF lists Top 10 new species for 2017

Fri, 19 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry) A spider and an ant with names drawn from popular books, a pink katydid and an omnivorous rat made the College of Environmental Science and Forestry's list of the Top 10 New Species for 2017. Also listed: a freshwater stingray, a bush tomato that appears to 'bleed,' a devilish-looking orchid, a millipede with more than 400 legs, an amphibious centipede and a marine worm.



Study: Consumers see much greater risk than reward in online ads

Thu, 18 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) The risks far outweigh the benefits for most consumers in their response to personalized online ads, known as online behavioral advertising, suggests a study by University of Illinois advertising professor Chang-Dae Ham. The perception of risk drives consumers to greater privacy concerns and to avoid the advertising. The ad industry may want to reconsider its approach as a result, he said. The study appears in the May issue of the International Journal of Advertising.



Predators are real lowlifes

Thu, 18 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute) By deploying green clay caterpillar models across six continents, researchers unmasked an important global pattern. Their discovery that predation is most intense near sea level in the tropics provides a foundation for understanding biological processes from crop protection and carbon storage to the effects of climate change on biodiversity.



How GMOs are, or are not, regulated (video)

Thu, 18 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(American Chemical Society) Though most scientists say GMOs are safe, the products still face fierce opposition from critics. But what about the federal agencies that can approve or shoot down modified crops headed for consumers? Where do they stand? The answer may surprise you. Find out more about how GMOs are regulated in the latest Speaking of Chemistry video: https://youtu.be/0sR5GHi19HU.



Water efficiency in rural areas is getting worse, even as it improves in urban centers

Thu, 18 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(North Carolina State University) A nationwide analysis of water use over the past 30 years finds that there is a disconnect between rural and urban areas, with most urban areas becoming more water efficient and most rural areas becoming less and less efficient over time.



Among Wall Street analysts, men benefit more from their networks than women

Thu, 18 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(INSEAD) Male analysts on Wall Street benefit more from their networks than women. Men are perceived as more accurate and are forgiven more easily than women for making mistakes.



Climate stabilization: Planting trees cannot replace cutting CO2 emissions

Thu, 18 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK)) Growing plants and then storing the CO2 they have taken up from the atmosphere is no viable option to counteract unmitigated emissions from fossil fuel burning, a new study shows. The plantations would need to be so large, they would eliminate most natural ecosystems or reduce food production if implemented as a late-regret option in the case of substantial failure to reduce emissions.



Gang members, domestic extremists vastly different, says CU Boulder study

Thu, 18 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Colorado at Boulder) Domestic extremists tend to be much older, better educated, more affluent, more religious, and are more likely to be white than street gang members, according to a sweeping new University of Colorado Boulder study that systematically compares the groups for the first time.



Stanford scientists use nanotechnology to boost the performance of key industrial catalyst

Thu, 18 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Stanford University) Nanoscale stretching or compressing significantly boost the performance of ceria, a material widely used in catalytic converters and clean-energy technologies, Stanford scientists report.