Subscribe: EurekAlert! - Policy and Ethics
http://www.eurekalert.org/rss/policy_ethics.xml
Added By: Feedage Forager Feedage Grade A rated
Language: English
Tags:
climate change  institute  journal  new research  new study  new  people  published  research  science  study  university  women 
Rate this Feed
Rate this feedRate this feedRate this feedRate this feedRate this feed
Rate this feed 1 starRate this feed 2 starRate this feed 3 starRate this feed 4 starRate this feed 5 star

Comments (0)

Feed Details and Statistics Feed Statistics
Preview: EurekAlert! - Policy and Ethics

EurekAlert! - Policy and Ethics



The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.



Last Build Date: Sun, 22 Apr 2018 23:36:01 EDT

Copyright: Copyright 2018 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.
 



How social networking sites may discriminate against women

Fri, 20 Apr 2018 00:00:00 EDT

(Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science) Using the photo-sharing site Instagram as a test case, Columbia researchers demonstrate how two common recommendation algorithms amplify a network effect known as homophily in which similar or like-minded people cluster together. They further show how algorithms turned loose on a network with homophily effectively make women less visible; they found that the women in their dataset, whose photos were slightly less likely to be 'liked' or commented on, became even less popular once recommendation algorithms were introduced.



Grassland plants react unexpectedly to high levels of carbon dioxide

Fri, 20 Apr 2018 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Minnesota) Plants are responding in unexpected ways to increased carbon dioxide in the air, according to a 20-year study conducted by researchers at the University of Minnesota.



Business in Key Biodiversity Areas: Minimizing the risk to nature

Fri, 20 Apr 2018 00:00:00 EDT

(International Union for Conservation of Nature) A roadmap for businesses operating in some of the most biologically significant places on the planet has been issued this week by the Key Biodiversity Area Partnership involving 12 of the world's leading conservation organizations -- including IUCN, International Union for Conservation of Nature.



Wayne Stater receives NSF funding to explore constraints on policy learni

Thu, 19 Apr 2018 00:00:00 EDT

(Wayne State University - Office of the Vice President for Research) With the help of a $55,000 grant from the National Science Foundation, Kristin O'Donovan, Ph.D., assistant professor of political science in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences at Wayne State University, will explore the limits on policy learning about disaster mitigation after a community has experienced a disaster. O'Donovan will also seek to understand why one community may be more vulnerable to a disaster than its neighbor.



Integrating optical components into existing chip designs

Thu, 19 Apr 2018 00:00:00 EDT

(Massachusetts Institute of Technology) A new technique co-developed at MIT can assemble optical and electronic components separately on the surface of a computer chip, enabling the addition of optical components to existing chips with little design modification.



Algorithm tool works to silence online chatroom sex predators

Thu, 19 Apr 2018 00:00:00 EDT

(Purdue University) An algorithm tool developed by Purdue Polytechnic Institute faculty will help law enforcement filter out and focus on sex offenders most likely to set up face-to-face meetings with child victims.



When going green is not black and white

Thu, 19 Apr 2018 00:00:00 EDT

(Massachusetts Institute of Technology) When exactly should companies pursue sustainability measures -- and when is it in their interest to hold off? That is the question Sheffi explores in the new book, 'Balancing Green: When to Embrace Sustainability in a Business (and When Not To),' just published by the MIT Press.



Penn Medicine's Carl June named one of Time Magazine's most influential people

Thu, 19 Apr 2018 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine) TIME named University of Pennsylvania cancer and HIV gene therapy pioneer Carl June, MD, to the 2018 TIME 100, its annual list of the 100 most influential people in the world.



For nuclear weapons reduction, a way to verify without revealing

Thu, 19 Apr 2018 00:00:00 EDT

(Massachusetts Institute of Technology) MIT researchers have found a new way of verifying nuclear weapons reduction agreements without revealing secret information, using a physical cryptographic key and nuclear resonant phenomena.



'Rip Van Winkle' plants hide underground for up to 20 years

Thu, 19 Apr 2018 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Sussex) Scores of plant species are capable of living dormant under the soil for up to 20 years, enabling them to survive through difficult times, a new study has found.



Study: Judges as susceptible to gender bias as laypeople -- and sometimes more so

Thu, 19 Apr 2018 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) A new study of trial court judges suggests these arbiters of the law sometimes let their personal ideas about gender roles influence their decision-making. The findings, which are part of a broader study of judicial behavior, revealed that the judges were just as likely as laypeople to discriminate -- in ways that harmed both men and women -- in decisions involving child custody or workplace discrimination cases related to family caregiving duties.



'Peace agreements have always only succeeded with genuine trust'

Thu, 19 Apr 2018 00:00:00 EDT

(Cluster of Excellence "Religion and Politics") Gifts, peace banquets and reconciliation rituals: according to historians, peace agreements have historically been reached if, above all, specific trust could be established between opponents.



Study calls for industry legislation to build a better future in developing countries

Thu, 19 Apr 2018 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Portsmouth) New research from the University of Portsmouth has called for stronger industry legislation in developing countries to help fight business monopolies reducing competition.



Study shows rapid rise in mass school shootings in the US

Thu, 19 Apr 2018 00:00:00 EDT

(Springer) More people have died or been injured in mass school shootings in the US in the past 18 years than in the entire 20th century. In a new study published in Springer's Journal of Child and Family Studies, researchers have reviewed the history of mass school shootings in the US and found some alarming trends.



New study investigates whether Hans Asperger actively assisted the Nazi euthanasia program

Thu, 19 Apr 2018 00:00:00 EDT

(BioMed Central) Pediatrician Hans Asperger, after whom the condition of Asperger syndrome was named, actively cooperated with the Nazi regime, according to a study published in the open-access journal Molecular Autism.



Boosting livelihoods and conservation practices among small-scale fishermen

Thu, 19 Apr 2018 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Plymouth) A donation from Superdry co-founder Julian Dunkerton is enabling a new project from the Blue Marine Foundation and the University of Plymouth Marine Institute which aims to improve the conservation of fish and the incomes of fishermen in UK coastal waters.



Media alert: New articles in The CRISPR Journal

Thu, 19 Apr 2018 00:00:00 EDT

(Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News) This press release is issued on behalf of The CRISPR Journal, a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert Inc. delivering outstanding research and commentary on all aspects of CRISPR and gene editing research. The Journal is dedicated to validating and publishing research in CRISPR biology, technology and genome editing, and providing a forum for commentary and debate of key policy, regulatory, and ethical issues affecting the field.



New research could literally squeeze more power out of solar cells

Thu, 19 Apr 2018 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Warwick) Physicists at the University of Warwick have published new research in the journal Science April 19, 2018, (via the Journal's First Release pages) that could literally squeeze more power out of solar cells by physically deforming each of the crystals in the semiconductors used by photovoltaic cells.



Your grandchildren may retire before we achieve gender equality in STEMM

Thu, 19 Apr 2018 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Melbourne) New research has calculated that without further interventions, the gender gap for women working in STEMM is very likely to persist for generations, particularly in surgery, computer science, physics and maths.



Great Barrier Reef coral predicted to last at least 100 years before extinction from climate change

Thu, 19 Apr 2018 00:00:00 EDT

(PLOS) A common Great Barrier Reef coral species has enough genetic diversity to survive at least 100 years before succumbing to global warming predicts Mikhail Matz of the University of Texas at Austin and colleagues. They report these findings in a new study published April 19, 2018, in PLOS Genetics.



Thousands of tons of e-waste is shipped illegally to Nigeria inside used vehicles

Thu, 19 Apr 2018 00:00:00 EDT

(Terry Collins Assoc) A study into used electrical and electronic equipment sent to Nigeria, mostly from Europe, reveals a continuing 'severe problem' of non-compliance with rules governing such shipments. Of roughly 60,000 metric tons sent from other countries in 2015 and 2016, at least 15,400 tons was non-functioning e-waste, exports/imports of which are illegal.Almost 70 percent -- 41,500 tons -- arrived inside vehicles destined for Nigeria's secondhand auto market, thus avoiding normal inspections.



New research seeks to optimize space travel efficiency

Wed, 18 Apr 2018 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Illinois College of Engineering) Sending a human into space and doing it efficiently presents a galaxy of challenges. Koki Ho, University of Illinois assistant professor in the Department of Aerospace Engineering, and his graduate students, Hao Chen and Bindu Jagannatha, explored ways to integrate the logistics of space travel by looking at a campaign of lunar missions, spacecraft design, and conducting research, published today in the Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets, to create a framework to optimize fuel and other resources.



Green digitization: Botanical collections data answer real-world questions

Wed, 18 Apr 2018 00:00:00 EDT

(Botanical Society of America) Scientists are digitizing the wealth of data attached to herbarium specimens and using those data to address questions ranging from species identification to global climate change. This special issue explores methods, challenges, and applications of these collections data, with articles addressing topics including globally unique identifiers, deep learning and computer recognition, and citizen science initiatives.



Republicans more persuasive than scientists on climate change

Wed, 18 Apr 2018 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Connecticut) Regardless of political affiliation, people are more likely to believe facts about climate change when they come from Republicans speaking against what has become a partisan interest in this country, says a new UConn study.



Portable device to sniff out trapped humans

Wed, 18 Apr 2018 00:00:00 EDT

(American Chemical Society) The first step after buildings collapse from an earthquake, bombing or other disaster is to rescue people who could be trapped in the rubble. But finding entrapped humans among the ruins can be challenging. Scientists now report in the ACS journal Analytical Chemistry the development of an inexpensive, selective sensor that is light and portable enough for first responders to hold in their hands or for drones to carry on a search for survivors.