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Preview: EurekAlert! - Policy and Ethics

EurekAlert! - Policy and Ethics



The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.



Last Build Date: Tue, 28 Mar 2017 06:36:01 EDT

Copyright: Copyright 2017 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.
 



Study: Dust helps regulate Sierra Nevada ecosystems

Tue, 28 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of California - Merced) A new study released March 28 in the journal Nature Communications indicates it's important to understand how dust helps vegetation thrive, especially in light of the changing climate and land-use intensification.



Asian dust providing key nutrients for California's giant sequoias

Tue, 28 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of California - Riverside) Dust from as far away as the Gobi Desert in Asia is providing more nutrients than previously thought for plants, including giant sequoias, in California's Sierra Nevada mountains, a team of scientists, including several from the University of California, Riverside, have found.



With health insurance at risk, community health centers face cut-backs

Mon, 27 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(George Washington University Milken Institute School of Public Health) Repeal of key provisions of the Affordable Care Act, combined with a failure to renew critical funding streams, would result in catastrophic funding losses for community health centers-forcing these safety net providers to cut back on services, lay off staff or shut down clinical sites, according to a report published today. The report represents the first analysis of the potential effects on medically underserved communities of the types of health insurance losses contained in legislation now pending in Congress.



Paid medical malpractice claims decrease

Mon, 27 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Brigham and Women's Hospital) Researchers report that the overall rate of claims paid on behalf of all physicians dropped by 55.7 percent. Pediatricians had the largest decline, at 75.8 percent, and cardiologists had the smallest, at 13.5 percent. After adjusting for inflation, researchers found that the amount of the payment increased by 23.3 percent and was also dependent on specialty. Neurosurgery had the highest mean payment, and dermatology had the lowest. The percentage of payments exceeding $1 million also increased during the same time period.



Farming becoming riskier under climate change

Mon, 27 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences) Climate change is predicted to impact agriculture, but a new study puts these changes in terms that are directly applicable to farmers. For Illinois, the corn planting window will be split in two to avoid wet conditions in April and May. Each planting window carries increased risk -- the early planting window could be thwarted by frost or heavy precipitation, and the late window cut short by intense late-summer drought.



New collaboration looks for trans-Atlantic common ground in geriatrics

Mon, 27 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(American Geriatrics Society) Top research journals launch international editorial series tackling the latest in geriatrics clinical practice & public policy. Up first: commonalities 'across the pond' for older adults with multimorbidity.



SETAC Europe 27th Annual Meeting

Mon, 27 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry) The Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) Europe 27th Annual Meeting will host 2,000 scientists from more than 60 countries from May 7-11 to Brussels, Belgium, and feature 1,800 presentations over 81 sessions, including 493 platform presentations and 1,291 poster presentations.



'Maria Theresa was a relentlessly strict matriarch'

Mon, 27 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Cluster of Excellence "Religion and Politics") New biography on the occasion of the empress' 300th birthday -- historian Barbara Stollberg-Rilinger refutes clichés about one of the most powerful women in history: prosecution of Protestants and Jews, cruelty against her own children, hypocrisy at the royal court -- book nominated for the Prize of the Leipzig Book Fair.



The skin cancer screening paradigm: Reviewing current guidelines for detecting melanoma

Mon, 27 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Future Science Group) A new perspective piece brings together the opinions of over 50 leading experts in the skin cancer field to assess controversies in current melanoma screening guidelines, as well as provide their own data-derived recommendations.



NUS Pharmacy team develops 'calculator' to predict risk of early hospital readmission

Mon, 27 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(National University of Singapore) A team of researchers from the National University of Singapore has developed a novel web-based tool that predicts a patient's 15-day readmission risk.



Renewable energy has robust future in much of Africa

Mon, 27 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of California - Berkeley) Africa's energy demand is expected to triple by 2030. A new Berkeley study shows that the continent's energy needs can be met with renewable power from wind and solar in a way that reduces reliance on undependable hydroelectric power and imported fossil fuels, while at the same time saving money and providing jobs. Good sites exist for solar and wind farms even if one avoids remote or environmentally sensitive areas.



Requirements for AEDs in US schools need improvement

Mon, 27 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(American College of Cardiology) Automated external defibrillators are associated with increased survival of sudden cardiac arrest when installed in schools, yet only 17 out of 50 US states require AED installation in at least some of their schools, according to an analysis published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.



Children, youth born in Canada at higher risk of unintentional gun injury than immigrants

Mon, 27 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Canadian Medical Association Journal) Children and youth born in Canada are at higher risk of unintentional injury from guns compared with immigrant children and youth, although certain subgroups of immigrants and refugees are at higher risk of assault-related injury, found a study published in CMAJ.



Internists issue recommendations for preventing and treating substance use disorders

Mon, 27 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(American College of Physicians) The American College of Physicians today released a paper with a comprehensive set of public policy recommendations for the prevention and treatment of substance use disorders involving illicit and prescription drugs. The paper is published in Annals of Internal Medicine.



Biodiversity loss shifts flowering phenology at same magnitude as global warming

Fri, 24 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Columbia University) Researchers have revealed that declining plant diversity -- from habitat loss, human use, and other environmental pressures -- causes plants to flower earlier, and that the effects of diversity loss on the timing of flowering are similar in magnitude to the effects of global warming. The finding could have a powerful influence on the way scientists study ecosystem changes and measure the effects of global warming.



Neurosurgical practices must evolve and transform to adapt to rapidly changing healthcare industry

Fri, 24 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Oxford University Press USA) Neurosurgeons hoping to successfully navigate the rapidly changing healthcare industry must advance their strategies and adapt new ways of thinking in order to continue to thrive in an evolving environment.



UTA quantifying coral species' disease susceptibility by examining immune traits

Fri, 24 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Texas at Arlington) A biologist from the University of Texas at Arlington is leading a new study aimed at quantifying how susceptible coral species are to disease by examining their immunity through a series of novel experiments and approaches.



Academics call for Parliament to tackle the privatization of NHS

Fri, 24 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Newcastle University) A bill to prevent the privatisation of NHS services and to reinstate the NHS in England, supported and written by Newcastle University academics, is scheduled to be debated today.



New Stanford study calls for US solar policy reform

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Stanford University) Stanford researchers suggest reforming US solar policies and encourage closer collaboration between the United States and China on solar energy in a new report.



Freestanding emergency departments in Texas deliver costly care, 'sticker shock'

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Rice University) The rapid growth of freestanding emergency departments in Texas has been accompanied by an equal increase in use at relatively high prices that lead to sizable out-of-pocket costs to patients, according to new research by experts at Rice University, Baylor College of Medicine, the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, the Michael E. DeBakey VA Medical Center and Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Texas.



Big-game jitters: Coyotes no match for wolves' hunting prowess

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Nebraska-Lincoln) As wolf populations plummeted, the eastern coyote assumed the role of apex predator in forests along the Atlantic Coast. New research, however, shows that the eastern coyote is no match for the wolf. While the eastern coyote can bring down moose and other large prey, it prefers to attack smaller animals and to scavenge.



New CDISC data standard aids development of therapies for Ebola virus

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Infectious Diseases Data Observatory) The Clinical Data Interchange Standards Consortium (CDISC) and the Infectious Diseases Data Observatory (IDDO) announce the availability of a new standard to assist in the collection, aggregation and analysis of Ebola virus disease (EVD) research data. This standard is for use in EVD trials, leading to potential treatments and public health surveillance for this disease.



Dairy farmers should rethink a cow's curfew, says UBC researchers

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of British Columbia) Dairy cows housed indoors want to break curfew and roam free, suggests new research from the University of British Columbia, published today in Scientific Reports.



Climate change and an 'overlooked' nutrient: Silica

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Boston University) Sugar maples may have far greater silica pumping power than expected, and also may be more profoundly affected by climate change as warmer winters damage their vulnerable roots.



Printable device points toward sensor-laden robot skin

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Massachusetts Institute of Technology) In this age of smartphones and tablet computers, touch-sensitive surfaces are everywhere. They're also brittle, as people with cracked phone screens everywhere can attest. Covering a robot -- or an airplane or a bridge -- with sensors will require a technology that is both flexible and cost-effective to manufacture in bulk. A team of researchers at MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory thinks that 3-D printing could be the answer.