Last Build Date: Wed, 26 Oct 2016 23:33:01 EDTCopyright: Copyright 2016 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(The Mount Sinai Hospital / Mount Sinai School of Medicine) Alison M. Goate, D.Phil, Professor of Neuroscience, Neurology and Genetic and Genomic Sciences at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, and Lynne D. Richardson, MD, FACEP, Professor of Emergency Medicine and Population Health Science and Policy, have been elected as two of 79 new members to the prestigious National Academy of Medicine (NAM), formerly known as The Institute of Medicine (IOM).
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute) For the first time, NIH researchers have demonstrated in mice that gene therapy may be the best method for correcting the single faulty gene that causes Niemann-Pick disease, type C1 (NPC1), a rare and fatal disorder of the central nervous system.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of Houston) The University of Houston received three Higher Education Excellence in Diversity (HEED) awards from INSIGHT into Diversity Magazine, the oldest and largest diversity-focused publication in higher education. This is the first time an institution has earned three HEED awards in a single year, being presented to the University of Houston, the UH Law Center and the UH School of Nursing and will be featured in the magazine's November 2016 issue.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Columbia University Medical Center) Children from New York City who engaged in vigorous daily exercise had greater exposure to black carbon, a traffic pollutant, than children who were less active, according to Columbia University researchers.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center) The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center's Institute for Applied Cancer Science (IACS) has initiated the first clinical study of a novel drug designed to starve cancer cells, IACS-10759.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of California - Los Angeles) Nanoscience research involves molecules 100 times smaller than cancer cells with the potential to profoundly improve the quality of our health and our lives. Now nine prominent nanoscientists look ahead to what we can expect in the coming decade, and conclude that nanoscience is poised to make important contributions in many areas, including health care, electronics, energy, food and water.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(DOE/Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory) Scientists at the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory have received the 2016 Edison Patent Award for their invention of an on-demand method to create a badly needed isotope used in medical imaging devices to diagnose diseases such as cancer and heart disease.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Mayo Clinic) People diagnosed with multiple myeloma are more likely to live longer if they are treated at a medical center that sees many patients with this blood cancer. Mayo Clinic researchers published these findings today in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Massachusetts General Hospital) The latest study from a Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH)/Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) team investigating the mechanisms underlying general anesthesia finds that stimulating a specific group of neurons in mice produces signs of arousal even as the animals continue to receive the anesthetic drug isoflurane.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center) Dartmouth researchers, led by Christopher Amos, PhD, Dartmouth Professor and Interim Director of Norris Cotton Cancer Center, formed a consortium of multiple institutions, funded by many sources. The consortium has developed approaches for quality control of SNP selection, site selection, and genotyping and ancestry analysis accuracy in order to understand causes of common cancers including genetic and environmental, and their interactions. Details of the consortium's goal and purpose were recently published in Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of Illinois at Chicago) Researchers from the University of Illinois at Chicago and the University of Chicago have received a three-year, $900,000 Defense Department grant to investigate how the gut microbiome -- the trillions of bacteria, viruses and other bugs that make our digestive systems their home -- influences breast cancer.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(American Chemical Society) Halloween is almost here, which means costumes, scary movies and lots of candy. This week, Reactions tackles this spooky hypothetical question: How much Halloween candy would kill you? Find out the answer as we explain the chemistry behind lethal doses, sugar metabolism and candy corn. Trick-or-treaters, beware: https://youtu.be/RNOycTzN-fg.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of Cambridge) Our Facebook status updates, 'likes' and even photos could help researchers better understand mental health disorders with the right ethical safeguards, argue researchers from the University of Cambridge, who suggest that social networks may even be used in future to provide support and interventions, particularly among young people.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(NOAA Headquarters) 2015 was another above-average year for fishing and seafood consumption, with the average American adding nearly an extra pound of seafood to their diet, according to the annual Fisheries of the United States report released today by NOAA.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of Washington) Grasping a cup or brushing hair or cooking a meal requires feedback that has been lost in amputees and individuals with paralysis -- a sense of touch. University of Washington researchers have have used direct stimulation of the human brain surface to provide this basic sensory feedback through artificial electrical signals, enabling a person to control movement while performing a simple task: opening and closing his hand.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of North Carolina Health Care) A UNC School of Medicine dermatologist recently conducted a study to determine if the way a prescription was written -- either traditionally or electronically -- played a role in whether a patient filled and picked up the medication.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München) Researchers from Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich have demonstrated how deregulation of an epigenetic mechanism that is active only in the early phases of neurogenesis triggers the subsequent death of neural cells.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Wayne State University - Office of the Vice President for Research) A team led by Wayne State University School of Medicine researcher Mark Greenwald, Ph.D., will use a four-year, $2,279,723 competitively renewed grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health to explore whether the opioid addiction treatment medication buprenorphine can decrease the magnitude and/or duration of responses to stressors faced by recovering addicts.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(FECYT - Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology) Three Spanish researchers have discovered that bilinguals use different neural networks to read languages that are pronounced as they are written -- such as the Basque language -- from those in which this correspondence does not exist, like English. The results are valuable for teaching reading to adults and children.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Boston University Medical Center) Researchers have identified a gene (CYFIP2) associated with binge eating. This finding represents one of the first examples of a genome-wide significant genetic factor to be identified for binge eating in model organisms or humans. In addition, the researchers discovered a network of downregulated genes involved in myelination (the process of forming a sheath around a nerve fiber to allow nerve impulses to move quickly) that also was associated with binge eating.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of Tennessee at Knoxville) Researchers at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, have identified a set of bacterial genes that may help them find ways to lessen the severity of the disease malaria. Their findings could also aid the research of fellow scientists working in malaria-stricken regions around the world.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(NASA/Johnson Space Center) The Circadian Rhythms investigation examines whether long-term spaceflight throws off circadian rhythm in astronauts and the role of factors such as irregular light and dark cycles, microgravity induced changes in body composition, and reduced physical activity.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(ETH Zurich) Targeted iron supplements in biscuits can achieve a striking reduction in the level of lead in children's blood in regions with high exposure to this toxic heavy metal. This has been demonstrated for the first time by an ETH-led research group in a study of schoolchildren in Morocco.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(InSilico Medicine, Inc.) Insilico Medicine Inc. will present its most recent advances in applying the deep learning techniques to biomarker development and drug discovery at the GPU Technology Conference Washington, D.C.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of Minnesota) A team of researchers, led by the University of Minnesota, has invented a new soap molecule made from renewable sources that could dramatically reduce the number of chemicals in cleaning products and their impact on the environment.