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Preview: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health

EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health

The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Last Build Date: Fri, 09 Sep 2016 03:33:00 EDT

Copyright: Copyright 2016 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.

Novel heart valve replacement offers hope for thousands with rheumatic heart disease

Fri, 09 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(European Society of Cardiology) A novel heart valve replacement method is revealed today that offers hope for the thousands of patients with rheumatic heart disease who need the procedure each year. The research is being presented at the SA Heart Congress 2016.

Better chemistry through...chemistry

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(University of California - Santa Barbara) Award-winning UCSB professor Bruce Lipshutz is out to make organic chemistry better for the planet

Healthy ageing. Three days reality check.

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(Biogerontology Research Foundation) The Eurosymposium on Healthy Ageing (EHA) is an international event that provides a unique opportunity for researchers, government officials, biotech executives, entrepreneurs, and non-governmental institutions from around the world to meet, network, and forge new scientific collaborations.

Patient advocacy groups, industry and individuals join groundbreaking public-private partnership to continue advancing critical Alzheimer's disease research

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(Rubenstein Associates, Inc.) The Foundation for the National Institutes of Health (FNIH) announces that patient advocacy groups, private foundations, companies and individual donors have again united in the fight against Alzheimer's disease by donating more than $14 million to launch the third phase of the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI3).

Employees of medical centers report high stress and negative health behaviors

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(Mayo Clinic) Several national surveys have found that approximately 15 to 20 percent of adults in the US will report high levels of stress.

Global DS Foundation funds research showing impact of trisomy 21 on interferon signaling

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(Global Down Syndrome Foundation) Renowned Crnic Institute scientist, Dr. Espinosa, has found the interferon response is constantly activated in people with Down syndrome causing the body to fight a viral infection when such infection doesn't exist. Constant immune system activation would likely cause damaging side-effects and may explain cognitive deficit, increased prevalence of autoimmune disorders, higher risk of Alzheimer's disease, and protection against solid tumors. Testing FDA-approved drugs that block the interferon response could be an important next step.

Gladstone investigator receives $5.8M career grant

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(Gladstone Institutes) Gladstone senior investigator Katerina Akassoglou, PhD, was awarded a prestigious multi-year, multi-million dollar grant from the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). Akassgolou will use the award to advance her research on the intersection of the brain, immune, and vascular systems, and their role in neurological diseases.

Book highlights differences in preterm births in America and other countries

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Alabama at Birmingham) Clinical and epidemiological data are combined with sociology and anthropology to better understand preterm birth in the United States compared to Canada, the United Kingdom and other Western European countries.

How do shark teeth bite? Reciprocating saw, glue provide answers

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Washington) A recent University of Washington study sought to understand why shark teeth are shaped differently and what biological advantages various shapes have by testing their performance under realistic conditions. The results appeared in August in the journal Royal Society Open Science.

Linking RNA structure and function

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(Massachusetts Institute of Technology) MIT biologists have discovered how an enigmatic type of RNA helps to control cell fate.

UC study looks at the influence of fat when gut bacteria is reduced by antibioticsm

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center) A study led by University of Cincinnati (UC) lipid metabolism researchers lends additional insight into how bacteria in the gut, or lack thereof, influences intestinal mast cells (MMC) activation and perhaps fat absorption.

Mouse model points to potential drug target for increasing social interaction in autism

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine) A study of a new mouse model identifies a drug target that has the potential to increase social interaction in individuals with some forms of autism spectrum disorder.

Experts urge a defensive stance in efforts against antimicrobial resistance

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(Burness) In a Comment in Nature, CDDEP Director Ramanan Laxminarayan and other experts in antimicrobial resistance suggest that the United Nations should reframe global efforts against antimicrobial resistance by adopting a defensive stance. The suggested focus should be in building the resilience of society and maintaining diversity in the 'global microbiome'-- only a fraction of which causes human or animal disease.

IU and Regenstrief's OPTIMISTIC named one of 20 top geriatric studies of 21st century

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(Indiana University) The OPTIMISTIC study, an innovative program developed and implemented by clinician-researchers from the Indiana University Center for Aging Research and the Regenstrief Institute to prevent unnecessary hospitalizations of long stay nursing home residents, has been recognized by the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society as one of 20 articles published from 2000 to 2015 that have shaped the field of geriatrics.

New vaccination strategies coach immune system to make HIV-neutralizing antibodies

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(International AIDS Vaccine Initiative) New approaches that could spur the human body to produce HIV-blocking antibodies have been successful in mice mimicking the human immune system, according to five studies published today in the research journals Cell, Immunity and Science.

New insights into tumor-infiltrating T cells

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(Brigham and Women's Hospital) Investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital have identified a distinct gene module for T cell dysfunction distinct from activation in tumor-infiltrating T cells, thus paving the way for the development of new precision therapeutics.

Reactive oxygen species switch immune cells from migratory to murderous

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Illinois at Chicago) Neutrophils use ROS concentration to determine when to stop migrating and start killing.

Life after Fitbit: Appealing to those who feel guilty vs. free

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Washington) Is life better or worse after sticking your Fitbit in a drawer? UW researchers surveyed hundreds of people who had abandoned self-tracking tools and found emotions ranged from guilt to indifference to relief that the tracking experience was over.

Diabetes drug focus of new clinical trial for Parkinson's disease

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(Van Andel Research Institute) Type 2 diabetes and Parkinson's disease may not appear to have much in common but a look below the surface reveals important molecular similarities that provide a potential target for fighting Parkinson's.

Linking perception to action

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(University of California - Santa Barbara) A neuroscientist maps brain cell activity that occurs during the delay between sensation and action.

Can an integrative medicine approach help prevent medical errors?

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News) Medical errors are the third leading cause of death in the US according to a published estimate, but many could be prevented with a shift in the medical industry from a production-driven to an integrative model of healthcare. The emphasis should be on value-based decision-making that takes into account the whole patient, says Editor-in-Chief John Weeks in an editorial in the Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine.

How effective is a smartphone app in teaching sexual health to teen girls?

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(Care New England ) New research has been published that suggests that a smartphone application vs. traditional methods can potentially connect teenage girls to more information about sexual health.

Sharing stories synchronizes group memories

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs) People synchronize what they remember and what they forget after sharing memories with one another, according to Princeton University-led research. The findings, published in PNAS, have an applied scope: policymakers could use them to bust myths about certain topics, like how Zika virus is spread.

Newly discovered infectious prion structure shines light on mad cow disease

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Alberta Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry) Groundbreaking research from the University of Alberta has identified the structure of the infectious prion protein, the cause of 'mad cow disease' or BSE, chronic wasting disease in deer and elk and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in humans, which has long remained a mystery.

TSRI and IAVI researchers harness antibody evolution on the path to an AIDS vaccine

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(Scripps Research Institute) A series of new studies led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute and the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative describe a potential vaccination strategy to jump-start the selection and evolution of broadly effective antibodies to prevent HIV infection. The researchers plan to test this strategy in an upcoming human clinical trial.