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EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health



The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.



Last Build Date: Sun, 28 May 2017 20:33:01 EDT

Copyright: Copyright 2017 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.
 



New genomic analysis promises benefit in female urinary incontinence

Sun, 28 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(European Society of Human Genetics) Urinary incontinence in women is common, with almost 50 percent of adult women experiencing leakage at least occasionally. Genetic or heritable factors are known to contribute to half of all cases, but until now studies had failed to identify the genetic variants associated with the condition.



Obesity can cause cardiovascular ill-health, even in the young

Sat, 27 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(European Society of Human Genetics) Higher than normal body mass index (BMI) is known to lead to cardiovascular ill-health in mid-to-late life, but there has been limited investigation of its effect in young, apparently healthy, adults. Researchers have now shown that having a higher BMI can cause worse cardiovascular health in those aged as young as 17.



Chemical array draws out malignant cells to guide individualized cancer treatment

Fri, 26 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) Melanoma is a particularly difficult cancer to treat once it has metastasized, spreading throughout the body. University of Illinois researchers are using chemistry to find the deadly, elusive malignant cells within a melanoma tumor that hold the potential to spread. Once found, the stemlike metastatic cells can be cultured and screened for their response to a variety of anti-cancer drugs, providing the patient with an individualized treatment plan based on their own cells.



Increased facial and head injuries after motorcycle helmet law change in Michigan

Fri, 26 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Wolters Kluwer Health) Skull fractures and other head and facial injuries from motorcycle trauma in Michigan have doubled since that state relaxed its motorcycle helmet laws, reports a study in the June issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS). The new study is one of the first to focus on how helmet laws affect CMF trauma rates.



Total abdominal wall transplantation for complex transplant cases -- experts outline technique

Fri, 26 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Wolters Kluwer Health) For some patients undergoing intestinal or multi-organ transplantation, closing the abdominal wall poses a difficult surgical challenge. Total abdominal wall transplantation provides an alternative for abdominal closure in these complex cases, according to a state-of-the-art approach presented in the June issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons.



HIV patients sticking with therapy longer, Medicaid data show

Fri, 26 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Brown University) A large new study based on Medicaid data identifies a clear trend of people staying on their HIV medications longer than they used to.



Alzheimer's Association calls for new strategies against dementia in Scientific American

Fri, 26 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Alzheimer's Association) The time has come for advancing combination therapies against Alzheimer's disease, explains James A. Hendrix, Ph.D., Alzheimer's Association director of global science initiatives, in a new post appearing this week on Scientific American's 'Observations' blog.



High levels of PFOA found in mid-Ohio River Valley residents from 1991 to 2013

Fri, 26 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center) New research from the University of Cincinnati reveals that residents of the mid-Ohio River Valley had higher than normal levels of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) based on serum samples collected over a 22-year span. The exposure source was likely from drinking water contaminated by industrial discharges upriver. This is the first study of PFOA serum concentrations in US residents in the 1990s.



Scientists jump hurdle in HIV vaccine design

Fri, 26 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Scripps Research Institute) Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have made another important advance in HIV vaccine design.



New £3.5 million microscope and ion accelerator now operational

Fri, 26 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Huddersfield) THE completion of a £3.5 million research facility means that the University of Huddersfield is established as one of Europe's leading centres for the use of ion beams as a tool for the investigation of issues ranging from nuclear technology and nanoparticles to semiconductors and the effects of radiation exposure on materials in space.



Coroners unable to agree on what caused a person's death

Fri, 26 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Huddersfield) A FORMER top detective turned University of Huddersfield researcher has published his findings that coroners in England and Wales are seemingly unable to agree on what caused a person's death or whether it merits an inquest, even when faced with identical case information.



University, medical foundations partner to create Brown Physicians, Inc.

Fri, 26 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Brown University) By bringing together Brown's Warren Alpert Medical School and six medical practices employing more than 500 doctors, BPI will enable a new level of coordination for research, teaching and clinical care in southern New England.



Methicillin resistance among clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus in Egypt

Fri, 26 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Bentham Science Publishers) In this article that appeared in Infectious Disorders - Drug Targets, Dr. AlaaAbouelfetouh, Associate Professor of Microbiology at the Faculty of Pharmacy, Alexandria University, is gathering the published data describing methicillin resistance in S. aureus (MRSA) in Egypt.



Millions in funding for TU Dresden

Fri, 26 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Technische Universität Dresden) The German Research Foundation approves three Collaborative Research Centres -- a new CRC in Humanities explores the phenomena of vituperations and insults.



Vitamin D in pregnancy may help prevent childhood asthma

Fri, 26 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(King's College London) A new study published today in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology has found that taking Vitamin D supplements in pregnancy can positively modify the immune system of the newborn baby, which could help to protect against asthma and respiratory infections, a known risk factor for developing asthma in childhood.



Penn Medicine's Irene Hurford receives Exemplary Psychiatrist Award

Fri, 26 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine) Irene Hurford, MD, an assistant professor in the department of Psychiatry, has received a 2017 Exemplary Psychiatrist Award from the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI).



Penn study finds gray matter density increases during adolescence

Fri, 26 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine) A new study published by Penn Medicine researchers this month and featured on the cover of the Journal of Neuroscience may help resolve this puzzle, revealing that while volume indeed decreases from childhood to young adulthood, gray matter density actually increases.



Isolated Greek villages reveal genetic secrets that protect against heart disease

Fri, 26 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute) A genetic variant that protects the heart against cardiovascular disease has been discovered by researchers at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute and their collaborators. Reported today in Nature Communications, the cardioprotective variant was found in an isolated Greek population, who are known to live long and healthy lives despite having a diet rich in animal fat.



Open-access genetic screening for hereditary breast cancer is feasible and effective

Fri, 26 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(European Society of Human Genetics) Offering open-access genetic testing for the inherited breast cancers BRCA1 and 2 to Ashkenazi women unaffected by cancer, regardless of their family history, enables the identification of carriers who would otherwise have been missed.



Losing sleep over climate change

Fri, 26 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of California - San Diego) UC San Diego study of US data suggests a sleep-deprived planet by century's end. Researchers show that unusually warm nights can harm human sleep and that the poor and elderly are most affected. Rising temperatures will make sleep loss more severe.



Mind-controlled device helps stroke patients retrain brains to move paralyzed hands

Fri, 26 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Washington University School of Medicine) Stroke patients who learned to use their minds to open and close a plastic brace fitted over their paralyzed hands gained some ability to control their own hands when they were not wearing the brace, according to a new study from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. The participants, all of whom had moderate to severe paralysis, showed significant improvement in grasping objects.



Penn State DNA ladders: Inexpensive molecular rulers for DNA research

Fri, 26 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Penn State) New license-free tools will allow researchers to estimate the size of DNA fragments for a fraction of the cost of currently available methods. The tools, called a DNA ladders, can gauge DNA fragments ranging from about 50 to 5,000 base pairs in length.



Statins associated with improved heart structure and function

Fri, 26 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(European Society of Cardiology) Statins are associated with improved heart structure and function, according to research presented today at EuroCMR 2017. The benefits were above and beyond the cholesterol lowering effect of statins.



New drug reduces transplant and mortality rates significantly in patients with hepatitis C

Fri, 26 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Intermountain Medical Center) Patients with hepatitis C who suffer from advanced stages of liver disease have renewed hope, thanks to findings by researchers who have discovered that a new drug significantly reduces their risk of death and need for transplantation.



Designer viruses stimulate the immune system to fight cancer

Fri, 26 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Université de Genève) Swiss scientists from the University of Geneva, Switzerland, and the University of Basel have created artificial viruses that can be used to target cancer. These designer viruses alert the immune system and cause it to send killer cells to help fight the tumor. The results, published in the journal Nature Communications, provide a basis for innovative cancer treatments.