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EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases



The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.



Last Build Date: Thu, 27 Apr 2017 15:57:01 EDT

Copyright: Copyright 2017 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.
 



$9.6 million grant fuels UCI malaria control research in Africa

Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of California - Irvine) A University of California, Irvine study on the impact of environmental changes on malaria in sub-Saharan Africa has been awarded up to $9.6 million over seven years from the National Institute of Allergy & Infectious Diseases, a part of the National Institutes of Health.



Society for Academic Emergency medicine announces Annual Meeting plenary speakers

Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Society for Academic Emergency Medicine) Emergency medicine academicians in six plenary presentations will explore a variety of subjects related to the practice of emergency medicine during a special plenary session to be held on the opening day of SAEM17 -- the annual meeting for the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine (SAEM) and the largest forum for the presentation of original education and research in academic emergency medicine, to be held May 16-19, 2017 at the Hyatt Regency Orlando.



A quarter of nursing home residents are colonized with drug-resistant bacteria

Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Elsevier Health Sciences) The significant presence of multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteria (MDR-GNB), such as E. coli, among nursing home residents demonstrates the need for heightened infection control prevention and control measures in nursing homes, according to a meta-analysis published in the May issue of the American Journal of Infection Control, the official journal of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC).



Using rooster testes to learn how the body fights viruses

Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Rochester Medical Center) Our bodies are constantly under siege by foreign invaders; viruses, bacteria and parasites that want to infiltrate our cells. Using rooster testes, scientists shed light on how germ cells -- sperm and egg -- protect themselves from viruses so that they can pass accurate genetic information to the next generation. The findings could help researchers better fight viruses in chickens and in people.



Spatial epidemiology used to identify 3 key hepatitis C hotspots in Massachusetts

Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Tufts University, Health Sciences Campus) Public health researchers from Tufts and colleagues conducted a spatial epidemiology study to identify hotspot clusters of hepatitis C infections in Massachusetts. The information may help to make the best use of funding for education, prevention, testing, and treatment.



ECDC report shows strong potential of E-health to increase vaccination coverage in Europe

Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) ) Twenty one EU/EEA countries have developed or are in the process of developing systems to digitally record information about vaccination, according to a new 'ECDC survey report on immunization information systems implementation and system characteristics'. Fourteen of these countries already have a system in place, whereas innovative systems are being piloted in 7 countries.



Blood test predicts kids at risk for dengue shock syndrome

Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(PLOS) The most serious, life-threatening complication of dengue infection is dengue shock syndrome (DSS), seen primarily in children. Daily platelet counts in children in the early stages of dengue can predict those most at risk for DSS, researchers report in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases.



New publication highlights the anti-malarial efficacy of exciting new clinical candidate

Wed, 26 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Cape Town) A new paper published today in the prestigious journal Science Translational Medicine describes the discovery, and biological profiling, of an exciting new anti-malarial clinical drug candidate, MMV390048, effective against resistant strains of the malaria parasite, and across the entire parasite lifecycle, with the potential to cure and protect in a single dose. The research was conducted by the University of Cape Town (UCT)'s Drug Discovery and Development Centre, H3D and Medicines for Malaria Venture (MMV), in collaboration with a team of international researchers.



USDA announces $4.8 million available to support food safety outreach program

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(National Institute of Food and Agriculture ) The US Department of Agriculture's (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) today announced $4.8 million in available funding to develop and implement food safety training, education, extension, outreach, and technical assistance projects. This funding, offered through the Food Safety Outreach Program and administered by NIFA, will address the needs of owners and operators of small to mid-sized farms, beginning farmers, socially-disadvantaged farmers, small processors, or small fresh fruit and vegetable merchant wholesalers.



Managing disease spread through accessible modeling

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(DOE/Los Alamos National Laboratory) A new computer modeling study from Los Alamos National Laboratory is aimed at making epidemiological models more accessible and useful for public-health collaborators and improving disease-related decision making.



Novel phage therapy saves patient with multidrug-resistant bacterial infection

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of California - San Diego) Scientists and physicians at University of California San Diego School of Medicine, working with colleagues at the US Navy Medical Research Center -- Biological Defense Research Directorate (NMRC-BDRD), Texas A&M University, a San Diego-based biotech and elsewhere, have successfully used an experimental therapy involving bacteriophages -- viruses that target and consume specific strains of bacteria -- to treat a patient near death from a multidrug-resistant bacterium.



New chlamydia drug targets discovered using CRISPR and stem cells

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute) Scientists at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute and their collaborators at the University of British Columbia have created an innovative technique for studying how chlamydia interacts with the human immune system. The results, reported today (April 25) in Nature Communications, identify novel drug targets for the sexually transmitted disease.



Artificial intelligence may help diagnose tuberculosis in remote areas

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Radiological Society of North America) Researchers are training artificial intelligence models to identify tuberculosis (TB) on chest X-rays, which may help screening and evaluation efforts in TB-prevalent areas with limited access to radiologists, according to a new study.



With synthetic mucus, researchers take aim at antibiotic resistance

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Experimental Biology 2017) The human body produces about a gallon of mucus per day. By studying and replicating mucus' natural ability to control pathogenic bacteria, scientists hope to find new methods for combating infections and antibiotic resistance.



Fighting infections with a silver sword

Tue, 25 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Experimental Biology 2017) Silver has been used to fight infections since ancient times. Today, researchers are using sophisticated techniques such as the gene-editing platform Crispr-Cas9 to take a closer look at how silver poisons pathogens. The work is yielding new insights on how to create effective antimicrobials and avoid the pitfalls of antimicrobial resistance.



Lyme disease researchers seek consensus as number of cases grows

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of California - Santa Cruz) Scientists have built a large body of knowledge about Lyme disease over the past 40 years, yet controversies remain and the number of cases continues to rise. In the United States, reported cases of Lyme disease, which is transmitted from wild animals to humans by tick bites, have tripled in the past 20 years. A multitude of interacting factors are driving the increase in Lyme disease cases, but their relative importance remains unclear.



Patients with drug-resistant malaria cured by plant therapy developed at WPI

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Worcester Polytechnic Institute) When the standard malaria medications failed to help 18 critically ill patients, the attending physician in a Congo clinic acted under the 'compassionate use' doctrine and prescribed a not-yet-approved malaria therapy made only from the dried leaves of the Artemisia annua plant. In just five days, all 18 people fully recovered. This small but stunningly successful trial is detailed in a new paper in Phytomedicine by lead author Pamela Weathers at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI).



Researchers aim to eliminate malaria in southeast Asia

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Penn State) Researchers at Penn State have received more than $1 million in first-year funding from the National Institutes of Health to investigate malaria transmission in Southeast Asia with a goal of working toward the disease's elimination in the region. They will receive up to approximately $9 million over seven years for this project.



Recommendation against inhaled flu vaccine is good -- for now

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences) Recent federal recommendations against offering the inhaled nasal influenza vaccine due to lack of effectiveness could lead to more flu illness in the US if the inhaled vaccine becomes effective again or if not having the choice of the needle-less vaccine substantially reduces immunization rates, according to a new analysis led by University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine scientists.



Measuring immune response could be key to differentiating malaria from other infections

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases) Analyzing a patient's immune response could be key to quickly and accurately diagnosing malaria, according to research presented on World Malaria Day at the 27th European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases.



Malaria sickening thousands in US and racking up millions in healthcare costs, new study finds

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Burness) A new study published today in the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene shows that malaria led to a count of hospitalized patients and deaths that easily eclipsed other travel-related illness and generated about half a billion dollars in healthcare costs in the US over a 15-year period.



New Canadian guideline: No screening for hepatitis C in adults not at increased risk

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Canadian Medical Association Journal) The Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care recommends against screening for chronic hepatitis C virus in adults at low risk in a guideline published in Canadian Medical Association Journal.



Nanosponges lessen severity of streptococcal infections

Mon, 24 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Experimental Biology 2017) In a new study, researchers show that engineered nanosponges can reduce the severity of infections caused by the bacteria responsible for strep throat and flesh-eating disease.



New test can identify dangerous bacteria with resistance to last-resort antibiotic

Sun, 23 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases) New research suggests it is possible to quickly and accurately diagnose some the most dangerous and drug-resistant types of bacterial infections, using equipment already owned by most hospitals.



Conservation not an effective tool for reducing infectious disease in people, study finds

Sun, 23 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Washington) A new study finds that improved human health is not a benefit of conservation -- at least when health is measured through the lens of infectious disease. The paper analyzed the relationship between infectious diseases and their environmental, demographic and economic drivers in dozens of countries over 20 years.