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Preview: EurekAlert! - Education

EurekAlert! - Education

The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Last Build Date: Sun, 10 Dec 2017 23:27:01 EST

Copyright: Copyright 2017 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.

USDA's National Institute of Food and Agriculture invests in the safety, health of farmers

Fri, 08 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(National Institute of Food and Agriculture ) The US Department of Agriculture's (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) today announced $836,494 in support for farmer safety and health. Through education, this support aims to help prevent fatalities and serious injuries associated with the farming profession, and provide assistance to those in need.

Wiley and World Federation of Science Journalists (WFSJ) partner to deliver science research and training to journalists

Thu, 07 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Wiley) John Wiley and Sons Inc., (NYSE:JW-A) (NYSE:JW-B) and the World Federation of Science Journalists (WFSJ) are pleased to announce a new partnership that provides access to scientific evidence to 57 member associations representing 10,000 journalists from around the world.

Hands in the stars: The first international comparative list of astronomical words in sign languages

Thu, 07 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(International Astronomical Union) The first international comparative list of astronomical words in sign languages is now available. As part of this proposal, the Encyclopedic Dictionary of Astronomy for Sign Languages has been translated into English and Spanish and is now available online. This is the result of a long-term project developed by the IAU Commission C1 Education and Development of Astronomy and its WG3 Astronomy for Equity and Inclusion. The new list currently includes 47 words most commonly used in education.

5G set to revolutionize communications and to transform industry

Thu, 07 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(IMDEA Networks Institute) The new generation of 5G mobile networks is the future of the Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) sector -- a true technological revolution that will deliver the Internet of Things and is being driven by R&D+i initiatives like '5TONIC,' Spain's leading 5G innovation laboratory.

Mining electronic medical records could help depression patients find the right treatment

Thu, 07 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(American College of Neuropsychopharmacology) Personalized medicine has been one of the most promising medical developments in recent years. To personalize treatment for patients, some doctors have turned to predictive models to help determine which patients will benefit from different treatments. A new study from Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard University finds that using data from electronic medical records in those models could hold a lot of promise.

Next generation electronic monitoring of parolees in development

Wed, 06 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of Massachusetts Lowell) Using smartphones, GPS and sensor technology, UMas Lowell researcher are developing a new approach to electronic monitoring of parolees that not only tracks their whereabouts but also rewards positive actions that can bolster success on probation by promoting behavior change rather than simply focusing on negative behavior and punishment.

Genetics study adds further evidence that education reduces risk of Alzheimer's disease

Wed, 06 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of Cambridge) The theory that education protects against Alzheimer's disease has been given further weight by new research from the University of Cambridge, funded by the European Union. The study is published today in The BMJ.

Wheat gets boost from purified nanotubes

Wed, 06 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Rice University) Rice University researchers test the effects of carbon nanotubes on the growth of wheatgrass. While some showed no effect, purified single-walled nanotubes dispersed in water enhanced the plants' growth, while the same nanotubes in an organic solvent retarded their development.

Robert Witzburg, MD, honored for physician excellence with Jerome Klein Award

Wed, 06 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Boston Medical Center) Robert Witzburg, MD, a general internal medicine physician at Boston Medical Center (BMC), has been named the 2017 recipient of the Jerome Klein Award for Physician Excellence. Witzburg is also associate dean and director of admissions and professor of medicine at Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM), and professor of health policy and management at BU School of Public Health (BUSPH).

A new law to tackle contract cheating and essay mills?

Wed, 06 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Swansea University) Swansea University academics have designed a new law to specifically target the inappropriate activities of companies who offer to write student assignments for a fee; also known as 'essay mills.'

US and Norwegian trials compare treatment options for opioid dependence

Wed, 06 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(American College of Neuropsychopharmacology) The current opioid epidemic is destroying lives, families, and communities. Medication is widely considered to be the most effective treatment, but far too few people who could benefit are actually treated.

New hope for waitlisted patients addicted to opioids

Wed, 06 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(American College of Neuropsychopharmacology) As the opioid crisis continues to escalate, the number of people who need treatment for their dependency on heroin or prescription pain killers far exceeds the capacity of available treatment programs. People seeking treatment can wait months or even years for spots in clinics or with certified doctors -- and while they wait, they risk becoming infected with HIV or hepatitis, as well as dying from an overdose.

Lack of sleep could cause mood disorders in teens

Wed, 06 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(American College of Neuropsychopharmacology) Chronic sleep deprivation -- which can involve staying up late, and waking up early for work or school -- has become a way of life for both kids and adults, especially with the increasing use of phones and tablets late into the night. But this social jet lag poses some serious health and mental health risks: new research finds that for teenagers, even a short period of sleep restriction could, over the long-term, raise their risk for depression and addiction.

Research finds new ways to fight the opioid crisis

Wed, 06 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(American College of Neuropsychopharmacology) In the US alone, more than 2 million people struggle with opioid use disorders. Opioids, often prescribed as pain medications, have now become the country's leading cause of drug overdose. But scientists are identifying ways to help combat the epidemic, which include getting people treatment faster, developing safer opioids, and helping patients choose appropriate treatment. A number of recent breakthroughs are being presented at the upcoming conference of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology.

UTA researchers show that sexual harassment on the job still carries large impact

Tue, 05 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of Texas at Arlington) Two University of Texas at Arlington researchers have revisited workplace sexual harassment issues after the initial study was done nearly 20 years ago.

MSU receives $1.2 million for program that supports underrepresented students

Tue, 05 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Montana State University) The grant will provide funding for the McNair Scholars Program, which is designed to support undergraduates who are minorities or who are first-generation and low-income students.

National experts map out AYA cancer Rresearch agenda

Tue, 05 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Case Western Reserve University) Researchers at the Case Comprehensive Cancer Center at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, are focusing their efforts on adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer research. More than 50 leaders from top cancer research institutions will gather this Friday, December 8, in Atlanta to identify a strategic plan for combating AYA cancer for the next three to five years.

Pregnant women with PTSD have higher levels of stress hormone cortisol

Tue, 05 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of Michigan) Research has shown that a woman's emotional and physical health during pregnancy impacts a developing fetus. However, less is known about the effect of past stressors and posttraumatic stress disorder on an expectant woman.

Student-led protests for inclusive campuses are more likely at selective universities

Tue, 05 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Southern Methodist University) A diverse student body on campus isn't sufficient to deflect student criticism that a campus feels oppressive. A new study from Southern Methodist University, Dallas, found that students from marginalized groups -- either by race, gender, sexual orientation or income -- are more likely to initiate activist campaigns such as 'I, Too, Am Harvard' at public universities that are highly selective and where there are fewer students receiving financial aid.

USDA's NIFA announces support for tribal extension and research programs

Tue, 05 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(National Institute of Food and Agriculture ) The US Department of Agriculture's (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) today announced grants to fund programs that promote learning, opportunity, and health within the American Indian community. The funding is made possible through two NIFA programs: the Federally-Recognized Tribes Extension Program and the Tribal Colleges Research Grants Program.

MIT Portugal students took over the Innovative Ideas Competition by Instituto Superior Téc

Tue, 05 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(MIT Portugal Program) Three projects developed by PhD students from the MIT Portugal Program (MPP) have just been named winners of TecInnov Thales, a contest sponsored by the Instituto Superior Técnico (IST), from the Lisbon University. TecInnov supports the most innovative projects developed by IST students. The proposals submitted by MPP students Pedro Fraga, Carlos Henriques and Paulo Cambra were awarded with funding to develop the projects.

Preschool program helps boost skills necessary for academic achievement

Tue, 05 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Penn State) Children growing up in poverty face many challenges, but a preschool program that aims to improve social and emotional skills may help increase their focus and improve learning in the classroom, according to researchers.

How Xanax works (video)

Tue, 05 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(American Chemical Society) Whether or not you have anxiety, you've probably heard of Xanax. But what's in this popular and widely prescribed drug, and how does it work? This new video from Reactions describes how Xanax works in the anxious brain:

How can colleges better predict when a person's radical beliefs will turn to violence?

Tue, 05 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News) In a new study researchers reviewed numerous cases of extremist violence or terrorism and the published literature to develop a set of tools for colleges to use to assess the risk and reduce the potential for acts of violent extremism.

Safer opioid drugs could treat pain and save lives

Tue, 05 Dec 2017 00:00:00 EST

(American College of Neuropsychopharmacology) Opioid drugs are the most widely prescribed and effective type of pain medication. But they are highly addictive and have some unpleasant and potentially deadly side effects. Now a group of researchers, led by Dr. Laura Bohn at The Scripps Research Institute, may have found a way to make opioids safer by separating the drugs' pain relieving effects from their most dangerous side effect, respiratory suppression, which, in very severe cases, causes patients to stop breathing and to die.