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Preview: EurekAlert! - Education

EurekAlert! - Education

The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Last Build Date: Thu, 17 Aug 2017 13:27:01 EDT

Copyright: Copyright 2017 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.

Scientist emphasizes importance of multi-level thinking

Thu, 17 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences) An unusual paper by Prof. Michael E. McIntyre from University of Cambridge touches on a range of deep questions, including insights into the nature of science itself, and of scientific understanding -- what it means to understand a scientific problem in depth -- and into the communication skills necessary to convey that understanding and to mediate collaboration across specialist disciplines.

Federal snack program does not yield expected impacts, Virginia Tech researchers find

Thu, 17 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Virginia Tech) The research team examined the US Department of Agriculture's Smart Snacks in School regulation. The federal mandate was intended to replace unhealthy school snacks and beverages with more wholesome options, including fruits, vegetables, and packaged treats low in fat, sugar, and sodium.

Gender norms are still important for women's choice of college major

Thu, 17 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Springer) Traditional cultural norms about gendered roles and femininity still matter for women's choice of college major, says Ann Beutel of the University of Oklahoma in the US. Beutel and her colleagues published a study in Springer's journal Gender Issues showing how long-held cultural norms about femininity may contribute to ongoing gender segregation in academia, and to the college majors that women decide to pursue in particular.

Kids learn moral lessons more effectively from stories with humans than human-like animals

Thu, 17 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Toronto) A study by researchers at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education at the University of Toronto found that four to 6-year-olds shared more after listening to books with human characters than books with anthropomorphic (human-like) animals.

Researchers make surprising discovery about how neurons talk to each other

Thu, 17 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences) New findings challenge existing dogma that neurons release fixed amounts of chemical signal at any one time and could have implications for brain disorders including Parkinson's and schizhophrenia.

RIT named a National Center for Academic Excellence in Cyber Defense Research

Wed, 16 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Rochester Institute of Technology) Rochester Institute of Technology has been nationally recognized for its significant contributions in defending America's cyberspace through computing security research. RIT has been designated as a National Center of Academic Excellence in Cyber Defense Research (CAE-R) through the year 2022.

Chapman University publishes research on substance use among transgender students in California

Tue, 15 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Chapman University) Chapman University has published research on substance abuse among transgender students in California. The research looked at students in middle and high schools in nearly every school district in California. Results showed transgender adolescents were more than two times more likely to engage in substance use in their lifetimes. The paper appears in the Journal of School Health.

Why durian is the smelly 'king of fruits' (video)

Tue, 15 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(American Chemical Society) Durian, known as the king of fruits, is eaten all over southeast Asia. But it's also banned from many public spaces due to its powerful odor. Both your genetics and your experience might influence how you react to this thorny delicacy. In this week's Reactions video, the chemistry behind the smell of durian is explained, and features fellow YouTubers from PBS Digital Studios on camera reacting to its unique stink:

Child's home learning environment predicts 5th grade academic skills

Tue, 15 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(New York University) Children whose parents provide them with learning materials like books and toys and engage them in learning activities and meaningful conversations in infancy and toddlerhood are likely to develop early cognitive skills that can cascade into later academic success, finds a new study by NYU's Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development.

ChemRxiv™ Beta open for submissions and powered by Figshare

Tue, 15 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(American Chemical Society) ChemRxiv, a new chemistry preprint server, is now available in a fully functioning Beta version for use. The Beta launch has been undertaken with initial strategic input from not-for profit organizations, as well as scientific publishers and preprint services. The free-of-charge service is managed on behalf of the chemical science community by ACS and is powered by Figshare. Harnessing Figshare's new preprint capabilities, ChemRxiv will facilitate the rapid and open dissemination of important scientific findings.

ACS Publications announces free training resource for peer reviewers

Tue, 15 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(American Chemical Society) Reinforcing its commitment to publishing the best peer-reviewed scientific research, the Publications Division of the American Chemical Society (ACS) today announced the debut of ACS Reviewer Lab, an online course created to help educate researchers on the fundamentals of scholarly peer review. A collaborative effort by ACS Editors, leading chemistry researchers and ACS Publications staff, the course offers scientists practical instruction and challenging exercises designed to hone their peer-reviewing skills.

Lower-income children raised in counties with high upward mobility display fewer behavioral issues

Mon, 14 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs) Children who grow up in urban counties with high upward mobility exhibit fewer behavioral problems and perform better on cognitive tests, according to a study led by Princeton University.

USGS awards $4.9 Million to advance the Shakealert earthquake early warning system

Mon, 14 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(US Geological Survey) The US Geological Survey awarded approximately $4.9 million this week to six universities and a university-governed non-profit, to support transitioning the west coast 'ShakeAlert' earthquake early warning system into a production system.

$3.7 million grant to fund research on novel drug targeting heart diseases

Mon, 14 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center) The Exscien Corporation of Louisville, Ky., in conjunction with LSU Health New Orleans Cardiovascular Center of Excellence, has been awarded an SBIR Fast-Track grant in the amount of $3.7 million over three years by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. The funding will be used to study the company's first in a new class of drugs that repairs DNA damage to reduce cardiac tissue injury and improve outcomes in cardiovascular diseases.

How did the Franklin expedition crew die? U-M professor analyzes sailors' mouths for clues

Mon, 14 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Michigan) A University of Michigan dentistry professor drew upon his expertise in oral health in developing a new theory to help explain the deaths of the famed Franklin naval expedition crew, a mystery that has captivated historians for more than 150 years.

Ohio Supercomputer Center to host fifth meeting of the MVAPICH Users Group

Mon, 14 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Ohio Supercomputer Center) A broad array of system administrators, developers, researchers and students who share an interest in the MVAPICH open-source library for high performance computing will gather at the Ohio Supercomputer Center (OSC) Aug. 14-16 for the fifth meeting of the MVAPICH Users Group (MUG).

Cognitive abilities seem to reinforce each other in adolescence

Mon, 14 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Association for Psychological Science) One of the most striking findings in psychology is that almost all cognitive abilities are positively related, which allows researchers to summarize people's skills on a wide range of domains as one factor, known as 'g' or 'general intelligence.' Despite this, the mechanisms underlying 'g' remain somewhat mysterious. In a new study, scientists from Cambridge, London, and Berlin use longitudinal data to directly compare different proposed explanations for the phenomenon of 'g.'

Academic biomedical research community should take action to build resilience to disasters

Thu, 10 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine) The academic biomedical research community should improve its ability to mitigate and recover from the impacts of disasters, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The consequences of recent disasters, from hurricanes to cyberattacks, have shown that the investments of the U.S. federal government and other research sponsors -- which total about $27 billion annually -- are not uniformly secure.

Rotavirus vaccines continue to reduce diarrhea hospitalizations, medical costs in US kids

Thu, 10 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society) Following the introduction of routine childhood vaccination against rotavirus, a common cause of diarrheal illness, more than 380,000 children avoided hospitalization for diarrhea from 2008 to 2013 in the US, thus saving an estimated $1.2 billion in direct medical costs. The estimates, from a new study published in the Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society, provide additional evidence for the substantial impact of routine rotavirus vaccination.

Belief in neuromyths is extremely common

Thu, 10 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Frontiers) Neuromyths are common misconceptions about brain research, many of which relate to learning and education. Researchers have surveyed educators, the public and people who have completed neuroscience courses, to assess their belief in neuromyths. The survey revealed that neuromyth beliefs are remarkably prevalent. Training in education and neuroscience helped reduce but did not eliminate belief in neuromyths.

Research to advance disease therapies, understand cosmic rays among cargo headed to ISS

Wed, 09 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(NASA/Johnson Space Center) The SpaceX Dragon cargo spacecraft is targeted for launch August 14 from Kennedy Space Center for its twelfth commercial resupply (CRS-12) mission to the International Space Station.

More veterans have enrolled in college with post-9/11 G.I. bill

Wed, 09 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(New York University) The Post-9/11 G.I. Bill, which covers educational costs for veterans beyond tuition, has boosted college enrollment rates among veterans by 3 percentage points compared with the earlier G.I. Bill, finds a new study by NYU's Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development. However, the increase in enrollment was much larger immediately after the bill's adoption and has waned in recent years.

Leibniz Prize finally presented to Britta Nestler

Wed, 09 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT) ) The German Research Foundation has fully exculpated Professor Britta Nestler of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology and Karlsruhe University of Applied Sciences from alleged scientific misconduct. Today, the Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize 2017 will be conferred belatedly upon Nestler. The awarding of the most important German research prize had been halted in March after anonymous hints in conjunction with Nestler's research work had been disclosed to DFG at extremely short notice prior to the ceremony.

Classmates could spur 'contagious' interest in STEM

Wed, 09 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(American Association for the Advancement of Science) College students who thought their high school classmates were interested in science classes were more likely to intend to pursue STEM careers, a new study reports.

NYITCOM researcher discovers potential cancer treatment breakthrough

Tue, 08 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(New York Institute of Technology) In a July issue of the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), Dong Zhang Ph.D., associate professor of Biomedical Sciences at New York Institute of Technology College of Osteopathic Medicine (NYITCOM) and a team of researchers detail findings that suggest new synthetic lethal interactions could inhibit the growth of tumors in mesenchymal cells, cells that develop into connective tissue such as those found in bones, soft tissues, and the central nervous system.