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EurekAlert! - Education



The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.



Last Build Date: Sat, 03 Dec 2016 18:27:01 EST

Copyright: Copyright 2016 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.
 



US public divided over food science

Thu, 01 Dec 2016 00:00:00 EST

(Pew Research Center) New Pew Research Center Survey on views about food science, including attitudes about healthy eating, organics and genetically modified foods.



Community college student success may be improved by 1-stop social services, study finds

Wed, 30 Nov 2016 00:00:00 EST

(RAND Corporation) Community colleges across the nation struggle to improve student completion rates. Obstacles to that goal include the financial and social challenges faced by many students. A new study finds that one-stop campus centers at community colleges that give students access to a variety of financial and social services may help improve student outcomes.



New research: Feeling bad has academic benefits

Wed, 30 Nov 2016 00:00:00 EST

(Concordia University) New research shows that the occasional bout of bad feelings can actually improve students' academic success.



College students' use of private loans drops by half

Wed, 30 Nov 2016 00:00:00 EST

(RTI International) A new report by education researchers at RTI International found that the use of private student loans dropped by half between 2008 and 2012.



Overlooked elements of language and literature play a key role

Wed, 30 Nov 2016 00:00:00 EST

(The Henryk Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics Polish Academy of Sciences) Everything is pointing towards success in unravelling the mysteries inherent in every human language, which for nearly 100 years have been an object of intrigue for mathematicians and linguists working on studies into statistics of literature. New analysis of the frequencies of word occurrence in the most famous works of literature, undertaken at the Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Krakow, have shown that our languages are structurally more complex and more exhaustive than they ever before seemed.



Sedentary lifestyle may impair academic performance in boys

Wed, 30 Nov 2016 00:00:00 EST

(University of Eastern Finland) A sedentary lifestyle is linked to poorer reading skills in the first three school years in 6-8 year old boys, according to a new study from Finland.



Just keep going

Wed, 30 Nov 2016 00:00:00 EST

(University of the Witwatersrand) Wits University researchers measured resilience in HIV patients objectively for the first time and found that being more resilient did not associate with being more active or having lower pain intensity.



Springer launches new journal Reviews of Modern Plasma Physics

Wed, 30 Nov 2016 00:00:00 EST

(Springer) Starting in 2017, Springer will publish the journal Reviews of Modern Plasma Physics (RMPP), the official journal of the Division of Plasma Physics at the Association of Asia-Pacific Physical Societies (AAPPS-DPP). Available exclusively online, articles will be published on a continuous basis with full citation information on link.springer.com before being bundled into one electronic issue per year.



New website uses big data to address underrepresentation of women in philosophy

Tue, 29 Nov 2016 00:00:00 EST

(Binghamton University) A new website created by faculty and students at Binghamton University, State University of New York ranks university philosophy departments and academic journals by gender in order to draw attention to the underrepresentation of women in philosophy.



Parents should avoid pressuring young children over grades, ASU study says

Tue, 29 Nov 2016 00:00:00 EST

(Arizona State University) New research from ASU suggests parents shouldn't obsess over grades and extracurricular activities for young schoolchildren, especially if such ambitions come at the expense of social skills and kindness. Doing so, the study says, can work against helping kids become well-adjusted and successful later in life.



Examining the revolutionary rise of online learning

Tue, 29 Nov 2016 00:00:00 EST

(SAGE) While some consider online learning to be the future of education, others question the value of classroom instruction that occurs outside of the traditional classroom setting. How is the growing trend of online learning affecting educational systems globally, and what does it mean for administrators, faculty, and students? Launching today as a three-volume set, The SAGE Encyclopedia of Online Education addresses an array of issues related to online learning with a central focus on the effective education of students.



UH team wins $50,000 to learn how to start innovative food safety business

Tue, 29 Nov 2016 00:00:00 EST

(University of Houston) Moving out of their comfort zone as accomplished researchers to become novice entrepreneurs, a team from the University of Houston just won $50,000 to learn how to start a business. Now they're working to bring innovative smartphone/tablet based food safety training tools to full commercialization.



Can I still eat this? (video)

Tue, 29 Nov 2016 00:00:00 EST

(American Chemical Society) An estimated 133 billion pounds of food gets thrown out every year in the United States, so understanding when your food goes bad is important to help reduce waste. This week, Reactions talks food expiration-date misconceptions and gives you some guidelines to answer that age-old question: can I still eat that? Watch the video here: https://youtu.be/LFKVKshX5tQ.



Carlos Moreno honored by Spring Branch Community Health Center

Tue, 29 Nov 2016 00:00:00 EST

(University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston) Carlos Moreno, M.D., chairman of the Department of Family and Community Medicine at McGovern Medical School at the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, has been recognized for his contributions to community health by Spring Branch Community Health Center.



Subsidized housing works better for some kids than others

Tue, 29 Nov 2016 00:00:00 EST

(Johns Hopkins University) Living in subsidized housing seems to give a boost to children with high standardized test scores and few behavior problems, but it has the opposite effect on students who score poorly and have behavioral issues, a new study finds.



Toddlers may know when you are not telling the truth, say Singapore and US experts

Tue, 29 Nov 2016 00:00:00 EST

(Nanyang Technological University) A new study has shown that toddlers as young as two-and-a-half years old can understand when others have different thoughts from them -- much earlier than the age of 4 as traditionally thought. This suggests that children may know when adults are lying or pretending.



How crop load density affects apple juice, hard cider quality

Mon, 28 Nov 2016 00:00:00 EST

(American Society for Horticultural Science) 'York' apple trees were hand-thinned to different crop loads to assess the impact on hard cider chemistry. Total polyphenol content in juice did not differ among fruits at harvest, but, after fermentation, medium crop load had 27 percent, and high crop load had 37 percent greater total polyphenol content than low crop load. Yeast assimilable nitrogen concentration in juice from low crop load was 18 percent and 22 percent greater than the medium and high crop load, respectively.



Compost establishes growing media pH similar to limestone

Mon, 28 Nov 2016 00:00:00 EST

(American Society for Horticultural Science) Researchers determined the resulting substrate pH when using a range of compost and limestone rates, and compared the pH buffering capacity of substrates that had the pH established by the addition of compost, limestone, or a combination of both. Results demonstrated that compost can be used to establish horticultural growing substrate pH similar to limestone with little to no effect on pH buffering capacity.



Handheld, mobile data technologies compared for turfgrass

Mon, 28 Nov 2016 00:00:00 EST

(American Society for Horticultural Science) Researchers compared handheld and mobile data acquisitions of soil moisture, soil compaction, and turfgrass vigor of four natural turfgrass sports fields using two sampling grid sizes. Differences between the grid sizes were minimal, indicating that sampling with handheld devices using a 4.8 x 9.6-m grid would achieve results similar to the smaller grid size. Minimal differences were observed between devices when measuring soil moisture and turfgrass vigor, and both technologies had demonstrated advantages.



Optimizing fertilizer rates for wild blueberry

Mon, 28 Nov 2016 00:00:00 EST

(American Society for Horticultural Science) Researchers examined effects of soil-applied fertilizers [nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K)] in a 12-year field experiment. The study recommends optimum rates for improved growth and harvestable yield of wild blueberry. The authors said the study could contribute toward better farm profitability in areas with similar growing conditions, and also recommend modifications to existing fertilizer rates for wild blueberry in central Nova Scotia.



Diane Spatz receives Lifetime Achievement Award from National Assoc. of Neonatal Nurses

Mon, 28 Nov 2016 00:00:00 EST

(University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing) Diane L. Spatz, Ph.D., R.N.-B.C., F.A.A.N., Professor of Perinatal Nursing and the Helen M. Shearer Term Professor of Nutrition at the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing recently received the Lifetime Achievement Award from the National Association of Neonatal Nurses. The award honors longstanding and profound impact on neonatal nursing.



Cultivation technologies benefit ultradwarf bermudagrass

Mon, 28 Nov 2016 00:00:00 EST

(American Society for Horticultural Science) Experiments determined the best combination of dry-injection (DI) cultivation technology with modified hollow-tine (HT) aerification programs for ultradwarf bermudagrass putting greens. The researchers recommended DI used in combination with HT 1.3- or 0.6-cm-diameter tine sizes to improve soil physical properties. The results showed that the DI + HT 0.6-cm-diameter tine size treatment resulted in minimum surface disruption while still improving soil physical properties compared with the noncultivated control.



UT professor develops algorithm to improve online mapping of disaster areas

Mon, 28 Nov 2016 00:00:00 EST

(University of Tennessee at Knoxville) Yingjie Hu, UT assistant professor of geography, has developed an algorithm to improve online mapping of disaster areas.



Bullying rates remain higher for children with disabilities, even as they mature

Mon, 28 Nov 2016 00:00:00 EST

(University of Missouri-Columbia) A University of Missouri researcher and bullying expert has determined that children with disabilities are victimized by bullying at a much higher rate over time than their peers without disabilities.



Engineering success

Mon, 28 Nov 2016 00:00:00 EST

(University of California - Santa Barbara) Academically strong, low-income would-be engineers get the boost they need to complete their undergraduate degrees.