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Preview: EurekAlert! - Earth Science

EurekAlert! - Earth Science



The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.



Last Build Date: Fri, 09 Sep 2016 03:24:00 EDT

Copyright: Copyright 2016 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.
 



Voracious Asian jumping worms strip forest floor and flood soil with nutrients

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Wisconsin-Madison) New research from the University of Wisconsin-Madison shows that Asian jumping worms, an invasive species first found in Wisconsin in 2013, may do their work too well, speeding up the exit of nutrients from the soil before plants can process them.



Researchers name a new species of reptile from 212 million years ago

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(Virginia Tech) An extinct reptile related to crocodiles that lived 212 million years ago in present day New Mexico has been named as a new species, Vivaron haydeni, in a paper published this week by Virginia Tech's Department of Geosciences researchers.



NASA sees remnants of Tropical Cyclone Newton over Southwestern US

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) NASA's Aqua satellite passed over the US Southwest and captured infrared data on the clouds associated with former Tropical Cyclone Newton.



NASA takes parting look at Hermine

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) Satellite imagery showed that Post-Tropical Cyclone Hermine was just a swirl of clouds with no rainfall off the coast of southeastern Massachusetts on Thursday, Sept. 8. Just two days earlier, the GPM satellite saw that Hermine was still generating some rainfall.



Living together in mud: New bivalve species dwelling on a sea cucumber discovered in Japan

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(Pensoft Publishers) Most bivalves live in sand or mud or attached to rock surface. However, a new bivalve species described from Japan lives on a sea cucumber that burrows in mudflats. This species is attached to the host by thin threads and uses host burrows as shelter from predators. This species, published in the open-access journal ZooKeys, is one of the smallest species in the genus, which is probably an adaptation to a narrow host burrow.



US should act to support innovation in increasingly clean electric power technologies

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine) A new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine urges Congress, federal and state agencies, and regulatory institutions to significantly increase their support for innovation for what the report's study committee calls 'increasingly clean' electric power technologies -- nuclear power, carbon capture and storage, and renewables such as solar and wind.



Curious travelers: Your pictures can help preserve world heritage

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Bradford) Archaeologists from the UK are calling on members of the public to help them preserve the legacy of some of the world's most important monuments and historic sites, including those most at risk in Syria and Libya.



Induced climate change 'tug of war' keeps scientists guessing on storm tracks

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Exeter) The effects of man-made climate change can hamper scientific projections of how key global weather patterns will act in the future, a new study has revealed.



Yellow or black, large or small? Ant color and body size respond strongly to environment

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Liverpool) A University of Liverpool study of ants across three continents has revealed that their color and size is strongly influenced by their environment, and that the dominant color and average body size can change from year to year as temperatures vary. This finding has implications for how ant communities will cope with rising global temperatures.



NTU Singapore documentary on earthquakes bags multiple international awards

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(Nanyang Technological University) A documentary by Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) on its ground-breaking earthquake research in Nepal has bagged several top international film awards.



UBC research could help local governments plan together

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(University of British Columbia Okanagan campus) A new approach to modelling land use change developed at UBC could help cities and towns better coordinate their land-use planning efforts.The approach can enhance existing computer planning models, better enabling planners to consider how the land-use patterns of their neighbors could impact planning in their own communities.



Forecasting climate change's effects on biodiversity hindered by lack of data

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(Purdue University) An international group of biologists is calling for data collection on a global scale to improve forecasts of how climate change affects animals and plants.



10 new projects to be supported under Joint DOE user facility initiative

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(DOE/Joint Genome Institute) The US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute and the Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory have accepted 10 projects submitted during the 2017 call for proposals for their joint 'Facilities Integrating Collaborations for User Science' (FICUS) initiative. The accepted proposals will begin on Oct. 1, 2016 and fall under the following focused topic areas: Plant-Microbe Interactions, Biofuels and Bioproducts, and Biogeochemistry of Select Inorganics.



How hot is too hot for Earth-style life?

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(Deep Carbon Observatory) Mission seeks to answer key questions: How deep is Earth's habitable zone? How deep is the deep subseafloor biosphere? How does the deep biosphere affect life at the surface? Could life have originated deep and moved upward?



Soils and landscapes of the Southwestern United States topic of symposium

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(American Society of Agronomy) Range of climate, soil forming factors and geologic history created arid southwest.



Study finds earthquakes can trigger near-instantaneous aftershocks on different faults

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(University of California - San Diego) According to a new study by scientists at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego, a large earthquake on one fault can trigger large aftershocks on separate faults within just a few minutes. These findings have important implications for earthquake hazard prone regions like California where ruptures on complex fault systems may cascade and lead to mega-earthquakes.



A cinematic approach to drug resistance

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(Harvard Medical School) In a creative stroke inspired by Hollywood wizardry, scientists from Harvard Medical School and Technion-Israel Institute of Technology have designed a simple way to observe how bacteria move as they become impervious to drugs.



Critical information needed in fight to save wildlife

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Connecticut) An international group of 22 scientists is calling for a coordinated global effort to gather important species information that is urgently needed to improve predictions for the impact of climate change on future biodiversity.



Genetic analysis uncovers 4 species of giraffe, not just 1

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(Cell Press) Up until now, scientists had only recognized a single species of giraffe made up of several subspecies. But, according to the most inclusive genetic analysis of giraffe relationships to date, giraffes actually aren't one species, but four. The unexpected findings reported in Current Biology on Sept. 8 highlight the urgent need for further study of the four genetically isolated species and for greater conservation efforts for the world's tallest mammal, the researchers say.



The history of beer yeast

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(Cell Press) Today's industrial yeast strains are used to make beer, wine, bread, biofuels, and more, but their evolutionary history is not well studied. In a Cell paper publishing Sept. 8, researchers describe a family tree of these microbes with an emphasis on beer yeast. The resulting genetic relationships reveal clues as to when yeast was first domesticated, who the earliest beer brewers were, and how humans have shaped this organism's development.



One-tenth of the world's wilderness lost in 2 decades

Wed, 07 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(James Cook University) A research team including Professor William Laurance from James Cook University has discovered there has been a catastrophic decline in global wilderness areas during the past 20 years.



Calculating the role of lakes in global warming

Wed, 07 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute) Lakes bury more carbon than all the world's oceans combined. How will they respond to global warming?



Fuel cell membrane patented by Sandia outperforms market

Wed, 07 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(DOE/Sandia National Laboratories) Industrial interest is expected in a vehicular fuel cell membrane able to excrete protons at the most effective temperature ranges, allowing electrons to form an unimpeded electric current.



NASA sees a much weaker Tropical Storm Lester

Wed, 07 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) NASA's Aqua satellite provided an infrared view of Tropical Storm Lester that showed a lack of thunderstorm development around its center of circulation.



NASA sees 2 landfalls for Hurricane Newton in Mexico

Wed, 07 Sep 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) NASA's Terra and Aqua satellites caught Hurricane Newton's two landfalls in Mexico.