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EurekAlert! - Business and Economics



The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.



Last Build Date: Tue, 23 Jan 2018 05:15:02 EST

Copyright: Copyright 2018 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.
 



Civic engagement in adolescence and young adulthood beneficial for adult development

Tue, 23 Jan 2018 00:00:00 EST

(Society for Research in Child Development) A new study sought to determine whether civic engagement during adolescence and young adulthood promotes better health, education, and income over the course of adulthood. The study found a pattern of positive associations of voting and volunteering with these important aspects of adult development, but a mix of positive and negative outcomes in adulthood for activism as a form of civic engagement.



Children view people's behavior, psychological characteristics as shaped by environments

Tue, 23 Jan 2018 00:00:00 EST

(Society for Research in Child Development) A new study has found that 5- to 6-year-olds view people's environments, not their skin color, as the most important determinant of their behavior and psychological characteristics. These findings contradict the idea that views of race that are known to lead to prejudice such as believing that race naturally divides the world into distinct kinds of people's inevitably develop early in childhood.



Hungry for solutions: New research tackles college hunger

Mon, 22 Jan 2018 00:00:00 EST

(University of Houston) If you're too hungry to study, can you learn? University of Houston's Daphne Hernandez launches a study of hunger among college students and evaluates a local intervention, food scholarships.



Prescription drug abuse prevention at CU Anschutz receives $1.5 million

Mon, 22 Jan 2018 00:00:00 EST

(University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus) The Colorado Health Foundation has invested more than $1.5 million to advance Colorado's efforts to fight substance abuse and the opioid epidemic plaguing the state.



European science on the map at Davos summit

Mon, 22 Jan 2018 00:00:00 EST

(European Research Council) The European Research Council (ERC) will bring cutting-edge science to the forefront at the Annual Meeting of the World Economic Forum (WEF) from 23 to 26 January in Davos, Switzerland. Using ideas arising from this year's meeting theme: 'Creating a shared future in a fractured world', the ERC's President, Professor Jean-Pierre Bourguignon, and eleven remarkable scientists and scholars will feed into the debate, via fourteen sessions.



Small hydroelectric dams increase globally with little research, regulations

Mon, 22 Jan 2018 00:00:00 EST

(University of Washington) University of Washington researchers have published the first major assessment of small hydropower dams around the world -- including their potential for growth -- and highlight the incredibly variability in how dams of varying sizes are categorized, regulated and studied.



Blavatnik Family Foundation provides $10 million to promote engineering innovations in health

Mon, 22 Jan 2018 00:00:00 EST

(Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science) Columbia Engineering announces a $10 million grant from the Blavatnik Family Foundation to fund innovative research at the intersection of engineering and health and to expedite the development, application, and commercialization of breakthrough discoveries. The gift supports the Blavatnik Fund for Engineering Innovations in Health, which will invest in attracting graduate student talent, promote early-stage interdisciplinary research, and accelerate the translation of research from the laboratory to applications in the marketplace to improve people's lives.



Paul Farmer to receive National Academy of Sciences' most prestigious award

Mon, 22 Jan 2018 00:00:00 EST

(National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine) The National Academy of Sciences is presenting its 2018 Public Welfare Medal to physician, anthropologist, and humanitarian Paul Farmer for 'pioneering enduring, community-based treatment strategies that demonstrate the delivery of high-quality health care in resource-poor settings in the US and other countries.'



Vandana Gopikumar to receive 2018 Penn Nursing Renfield Award for Global Women's Health

Mon, 22 Jan 2018 00:00:00 EST

(University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing) Vandana Gopikumar, PhD, Co-Founder of The Banyan and The Banyan Academy of Leadership in Mental Health will receive the 2018 Penn Nursing Renfield Foundation Award for Global Women's Health for her work in helping women with mental health problems in India. She co-founded both organizations with Vaishnavi Jayakumar. Gopikumar will receive the award - which comes with a $100,000 cash prize - during an event at the University of Pennsylvania on March 21, 2018.



Swansea University research helps break ground to clean up land

Mon, 22 Jan 2018 00:00:00 EST

(Swansea University) Researchers at Swansea University's Complex Flow Lab have been exploring the intricate shapes that emerge when air is injected into soil. Published in Physical Review Applied, these findings could one day be used to speed up the decontamination of industrial brownfield sites?which the United Kingdom currently has over 400,000 hectares of.



Artificial intelligence predicts corruption

Mon, 22 Jan 2018 00:00:00 EST

(FECYT - Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology) Researchers from the University of Valladolid (Spain) have created a computer model based on neural networks which provides in which Spanish provinces cases of corruption can appear with greater probability, as well as the conditions that favor their appearance. This alert system confirms that the probabilities increase when the same party stays in government more years.



Forest fire risk assessment using hotspot analysis in GIS

Mon, 22 Jan 2018 00:00:00 EST

(Bentham Science Publishers) This research identified and prioritized forest fire hotspots, highlighted the shortage of fire stations within the identified hotspots and suggested the suitable locations for new fire stations in Brunei Muara district.



Belgian Ph.D. student decodes DNA, wins a Bitcoin

Mon, 22 Jan 2018 00:00:00 EST

(European Molecular Biology Laboratory - European Bioinformatics Institute) DNA Storage scientist Nick Goldman issued the Bitcoin Challenge at World Economic Forum meeting in Davos, January 2015. One week before the Jan. 21, 2018, deadline, Ph.D. student Sander Wuyts of the University of Antwerp is the first to decode the Bitcoin, and so takes ownership. The decryption of encoded information in the DNA sample demonstrates that the digital storage method is practical. The initiative of the bioengineering Ph.D. student inspires future research.



Researchers find latent HIV reservoirs inherently resistant to elimination by CD8+ T-cells

Mon, 22 Jan 2018 00:00:00 EST

(George Washington University) A research team at GW School of Medicine and Health Sciences found that latent HIV reservoirs exhibit resistance to elimination by CD8+ T-cells.



Overall in-hospital cardiac arrest survival improves, lower survival on nights, weekends

Mon, 22 Jan 2018 00:00:00 EST

(American College of Cardiology) Overall survival has improved for the approximately 200,000 patients experiencing in-hospital cardiac arrest in the US each year, but patients who arrest during nights or weekends continue to experience lower survival compared to patients who arrest during daytime hours. Survival to discharge in patients who arrested during 'off-hours' was an absolute 3.8 percent lower compared to patients who arrested during 'on-hours,' according to a study published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.



New study: Industry conservation ethic proves critical to Gulf of Maine lobster fishery

Mon, 22 Jan 2018 00:00:00 EST

(Gulf of Maine Research Institute) A new study demonstrates how conservation practices championed by Maine lobstermen help make the lobster fishery resilient to climate change.



Want a healthier population? Spend less on health care and more on social services

Mon, 22 Jan 2018 00:00:00 EST

(Canadian Medical Association Journal) Increased social spending was associated with health improvements at the population level, while health spending increases did not have the same effect, according to a large new Canadian study in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).



Human smugglers operate as 'independent traders,' study finds

Sun, 21 Jan 2018 00:00:00 EST

(University of Cambridge) First study to model the organizations behind trade in illegal border crossings shows no 'Mafia-like' monopoly of routes from Africa into Europe. Instead, myriad independent smugglers compete in open markets that have emerged at every stage of the journey.



USDA's NIFA invests in fighting citrus greening disease

Fri, 19 Jan 2018 00:00:00 EST

(National Institute of Food and Agriculture ) The US Department of Agriculture's (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) today announced awards to combat citrus greening disease. The funding to support research and extension programs is made through the emergency Citrus Disease Research and Extension Program (CDRE). CDRE was authorized as part of the 2014 Farm Bill.



City lights setting traps for migrating birds

Fri, 19 Jan 2018 00:00:00 EST

(University of Delaware) A University of Delaware study has examined how light pollution lures birds into urban areas during fall migration, a trend that poses risk for the fowl that often fly into buildings and has increased with the addition of brighter LED lights. The researchers were interested in seeing what factors shape the birds' distributions and why they occur in certain areas.



Avangrid, UMass Lowell to collaborate on clean energy

Fri, 19 Jan 2018 00:00:00 EST

(University of Massachusetts Lowell) A new research partnership between Avangrid, its subsidiary Central Maine Power and UMass Lowell will expand the use of clean-energy technology -- in hydropower, wind energy, power grids, energy storage, data science and more -- benefiting consumers, students and the environment.



National school lunch program aces safety test

Fri, 19 Jan 2018 00:00:00 EST

(University of Connecticut) The National School Lunch Program's (NSLP) strict safety standards work, according to a new University of Connecticut study that found food safety standards for ground beef supplied to the program are highly effective in keeping harmful bacteria out of school lunches nationwide. However, ground beef that fails NSLP inspection can be sold to other vendors, eventually making its way onto consumers' plates, meaning ground beef sold to schools may be the safest on the market.



Conserving our biodiversity: Priorities for well-connected protected areas

Fri, 19 Jan 2018 00:00:00 EST

(European Commission Joint Research Centre) The Joint Research Centre (JRC), the European Commission's science and knowledge service, has measured progress and shortfalls in the connectivity of protected areas in countries across the world, identifying the main priorities to sustain or improve connectivity in each country.



Climate change linked to more flowery forests, FSU study shows

Fri, 19 Jan 2018 00:00:00 EST

(Florida State University) New research from a Florida State University scientist has revealed a surprising relationship between surging atmospheric carbon dioxide and flower blooms in a remote tropical forest.



Algorithm increases employment opportunities for refugees

Fri, 19 Jan 2018 00:00:00 EST

(ETH Zurich) A data-driven approach could help increase employment levels for asylum seekers in Switzerland from 15 to 26 percent. Social scientists from Switzerland and the US, in collaboration with ETH's Public Policy Group, reached this conclusion in the journal Science.