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Preview: EurekAlert! - Business and Economics

EurekAlert! - Business and Economics

The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Last Build Date: Tue, 25 Oct 2016 07:15:01 EDT

Copyright: Copyright 2016 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.

Women & infants to participate in project to reduce primary cesareans

Mon, 24 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(Care New England ) Women & Infants Hospital of Rhode Island, a Care New England hospital, has been accepted into the American College of Nurse-Midwives (ACNM) Reducing Primary Cesareans Project. Women & Infants is working with other hospitals from across the United States and ACNM to improve healthy outcomes for mothers and families by focusing on reducing the incidence of first cesarean sections in low-risk women who have never given birth.

'Speaking my language': Method helps prepare teachers of dual language learners

Mon, 24 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(Lehigh University) Researchers at Lehigh University, led by L. Brook Sawyer and Patricia H. Manz, assistant and associate professors in the College of Education, have developed a method to bring parents and teachers of preschool dual language learners together, which they call Project TAPP (Teachers and Parents as Partners). The framework is detailed in a new book called Family Involvement in Early Education and Child Care (Emerald Group Publishing, Ltd.).

Look-alike smart snacks: Are they benefiting student nutrition or brand marketing?

Mon, 24 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News) When smart snacks sold in schools -- reformulated versions of less nutritious snacks sold in stores -- are packaged to look like their commercial counterparts, consumer confusion is likely, compromising dietary health gains and affecting perceptions about both brands and schools, according to an article in Childhood Obesity.

New effort aims to prevent surgery-related opioid addiction

Mon, 24 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Michigan Health System) A new initiative aims to boost the safety of opioid painkiller medication prescribing by surgical teams in Michigan, as a way of reducing the risk of addiction and overdose among surgery patients.

Dr. Robert C. Speth receives Provost's Research and Scholarship Award from NSU

Mon, 24 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(Nova Southeastern University) In recognition of his significant contributions to Nova Southeastern University, Robert C. Speth, Ph.D., was named the recipient of the Sixth Annual Provost's Research and Scholarship Award. Dr. Speth is a researcher and professor of pharmaceutical sciences in NSU's College of Pharmacy.

Conclusions based on PISA results deserve further attention

Mon, 24 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(National Research University Higher School of Economics) The tests results of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), which often informs the development of academic policies in various countries, often receive rather simplified interpretations. As such, analysis of PISA data does not reflect the entire 'package' of school students' knowledge in one key area -- mathematics. This is the opinion of researchers from National Research University Higher School of Economics, Stanford University, and Michigan State University.

Kent study recommends solution to end unsustainable agricultural practices

Mon, 24 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Kent) A University of Kent study has suggested that rural areas can provide for both people and wildlife in biodiversity-rich tropical countries such as Colombia if agriculture is administered in the right way.

Study: People can tell if they are voting on a secure system

Mon, 24 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(Rice University) 'Rigged' election rhetoric in the headlines aims to cast doubt about the security of the American voting system; however, people have a sense of whether a voting system is secure, according to new research from Rice University.

Weather forecasts for the past

Mon, 24 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Helsinki) Analysis of mammal teeth can reveal local environmental conditions. A new study employs data collected from Kenyan national parks over the past 60 years, combined with traits of the teeth of herbivorous mammals. The results were recently published in the journal PNAS.

New research characterizes pediatric injuries onboard commercial airline flights

Mon, 24 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center) Researchers at Rainbow Babies & Children's in Cleveland found lap infants may be at greater risk for injury on a commercial airline flight than older children traveling in their own seats. The study analyzed in-flight medical events on flights worldwide and found 35 percent of all pediatric in-flight injuries occurred in passengers under the age of 2, and most common mechanism of injury was scalding burns from hot beverages or soups spilled on a child.

Canada Health Act needs bite: CMAJ urges federal government to strengthen Act and punish violations

Mon, 24 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(Canadian Medical Association Journal) A new health accord between federal and provincial governments must uphold the universality, equity and quality of our current system, rather than introduce two-tiered health care, argues an editorial in CMAJ.

Research shows physical activity does not improve after hip replacement

Sun, 23 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(University of East Anglia) New research from the University of East Anglia (UEA) shows that, surprisingly, patients' physical activity does not increase following hip replacement surgery.

RIT awarded grant to study a globally coordinated vaccine market

Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(Rochester Institute of Technology) Rochester Institute of Technology received a three-year, $374,949 grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation for faculty-researcher Rubén Proaño to study and help design a coordinated decision-support system for the global procurement of vaccines.

Focusing on pleasure of eating makes people choose smaller portions

Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(INSEAD) New research has found that people can be encouraged to choose smaller, healthier portions, without compromising on enjoyment in a win for public health, business and consumers.

Free migrant farmworkers clinic program awarded grant

Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center El Paso) Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center El Paso has received a $351,721 continuing grant from the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board (THECB). This highly competitive grant, awarded through the THECB's Primary Care Innovation Grant program, recognizes innovative medical school programs that focus on increasing the number of primary care physicians in Texas.

Pharmaceutical companies are profiting from rare diseases

Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(Bangor University) Incentives intended to stimulate the development of more treatments for rare diseases are being exploited to boost the profits of pharmaceutical companies, new research led by Bangor University shows.

The fight against deforestation: Why are Congolese farmers clearing forest?

Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(KU Leuven) Only a small share of Congolese villagers is the driving force behind most of the deforestation. They're not felling trees to feed their families, but to increase their quality of life. These findings are based on fieldwork by bioscience engineer Pieter Moonen from KU Leuven (University of Leuven), Belgium. They indicate that international programmes aiming to slow down tropical deforestation are not sufficiently taking local farmers into account.

Pediatricians update digital media recommendations for kids

Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Michigan Health System) New AAP guidelines say parents not only need to pay attention to the amount of time children spend on digital media -- but also how, when and where they use it.

Child death rates from motor vehicle crashes vary widely between states

Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(American Academy of Pediatrics) Motor vehicle crashes are a leading cause of death among children in the United States, but a new study highlights how widely pediatric crash-related death rates vary from state to state. Researchers discovered annual mortality rates ranging from 0.25 deaths per 100,000 children in Massachusetts to 3.20 deaths per 100,000 children in Mississippi, with factors such as child seat-restraint use and state traffic laws playing a role in regional variation.

More time on digital devices means kids less likely to finish homework

Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(American Academy of Pediatrics) A new study finds that the more time children spend using digital devices, the less likely they are to finish their homework. Children who spent two to four hours a day using digital devices outside of schoolwork had 23 percent lower odds of always or usually finishing their homework, compared to children who spent less than two hours consuming digital media. An abstract of the study will be presented at the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) 2016 National Conference & Exhibition in San Francisco.

Study examines suicides publicized on social media and teens' ER visits

Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(American Academy of Pediatrics) Suicide is the second leading cause of death among teens and young adults in Canada and the United States. New research questions whether there is a link between adolescent suicide highly publicized on social media with an increase in emergency departments visits by teens for suicidal thoughts and attempts.

Visits to pediatric emergency departments for headache pain in children are on the rise

Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(American Academy of Pediatrics) Evidence shows pediatric emergency departments are seeing a steady increase in the number of children going to the hospital for headaches, and new research to be presented at the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) 2016 National Conference & Exhibition in San Francisco supports this worrisome trend.

Adverse events affect children's development, physical health and biology

Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(American Academy of Pediatrics) Researchers already knew that adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) carry over into adult life, but a new study looked at the effect of these experiences in the childhood years. Study abstract authors, who will present their findings at the American Academy of Pediatrics 2016 National Conference & Exhibition in San Francisco, found that household dysfunction affects children's weight early in childhood, for example, and children exposed to early adversity also have increased risk for asthma, infection, somatic complaints and sleep disruption.

Uninsured children more often transferred from ERs than those with private insurance

Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(American Academy of Pediatrics) New research being presented at the American Academy of Pediatrics 2016 National Conference & Exhibition found that uninsured children in emergency departments had almost four times the odds of being transferred to another facility for admission compared to patients with private insurance.

Texas A&M professor proposes new way to analyze impediments to leisure activities

Thu, 20 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT

(Texas A&M AgriLife Communications) For decades, behavioral scientists have been interested in understanding why people don't participate in leisure activities, but there has been no consistent method for measuring these factors, said a Texas A&M AgriLife Research scientist whose paper recently earned a top award from the Journal of Leisure Research.