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EurekAlert! - Business and Economics

The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Last Build Date: Mon, 23 Jan 2017 05:15:01 EST

Copyright: Copyright 2017 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.

Sepsis trumps CMS's 4 medical conditions tracked for readmission rates

Sun, 22 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences) Sepsis accounts for considerably more hospital readmissions and associated costs than any of the four medical conditions tracked by the federal government to measure quality of care and guide pay-for-performance reimbursements.

For health and happiness, share good news

Sat, 21 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Society for Personality and Social Psychology) Service members, including both active and recently separated, have been called upon to fight overseas and to assist during natural disasters at home. They can face unique challenges when they return in both the workplace and at home. New research, focused on these service member couples in Oregon, confirms supportive, responsive partners provide a buffer to loneliness and sleep deficits among military couples.

IT network upgrades support LSUHealthNO research enterprise

Thu, 19 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center) The Department of Information Technology at LSU Health New Orleans successfully competed for its first National Science Foundation grant. The $499,640 grant will support a complete cyberinfrastructure overhaul in two key research buildings to create a science demilitarized zone (DMZ) and a high-speed science network for LSU Health New Orleans researchers.

Oregon faces obstacles expanding health insurance to all residents, study finds

Thu, 19 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(RAND Corporation) Creating a Medicare-like public insurance option for residents of Oregon may be the easiest system to extend health coverage to more people in the state, but other proposals such as single-payer plan or a system to provide limited private insurance to all residents would eventually cover more people, according to a new study. Both proposals to create universal coverage would face substantial hurdles in obtaining needed federal waivers.

Treated carbon pulls radioactive elements from water

Thu, 19 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Rice University) Scientists at Rice University and Kazan Federal University in Russia have developed inexpensive, oxidized carbon particles that extract radioactive metals from water. They said their materials may help purify contaminated waters stored after the Fukushima nuclear power plant accident.

Your 'anonmyized' web browsing history may not be anonymous

Thu, 19 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Princeton University, Engineering School) Researchers wrote computer programs that found patterns among anonymized data about web traffic and used those patterns to identify individual users. The researchers note web users with active social media are vulnerable to the attack. 'Given a history with 30 links originating from Twitter, we can deduce the corresponding Twitter profile more than 50 percent of the time.'

Caves in central China show history of natural flood patterns

Thu, 19 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of Minnesota) Researchers at the University of Minnesota have found that major flooding and large amounts of precipitation occur on 500-year cycles in central China. These findings shed light on the forecasting of future floods and improve understanding of climate change over time and the potential mechanism of strong precipitation in monsoon regions.

Study: Technological progress alone won't stem resource use

Thu, 19 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Massachusetts Institute of Technology) While some scientists believe that the world can achieve significant dematerialization through improvements in technology, a new MIT-led study finds that technological advances alone will not bring about dematerialization and, ultimately, a sustainable world. The researchers found that no matter how much more efficient and compact a product is made, consumers will only demand more of that product and in the long run increase the total amount of materials used in making that product.

UTA works with Boeing, NASA, MIT to improve online students' completion rates

Thu, 19 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of Texas at Arlington) Researchers at The University of Texas at Arlington are working with Boeing, NASA and Massachusetts Institute of Technology to better understand the role that social networks play in the completion rates and academic performance of students taking online courses.

Trump presidency to affect the quality of financial reporting information

Thu, 19 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of Bath) The number of companies using 'creative accounting techniques' can be expected to increase in Republican-governed states and decrease in Democrat-governed states when Donald Trump becomes US President tomorrow, according to new research from the University of Bath.

Employee wages not just linked to skills, but quality of co-workers

Thu, 19 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of York) The presence of high-performing co-workers can improve an individual's earnings, research at the University of York has shown.

Brief interventions help online learners persist with coursework, Stanford research finds

Thu, 19 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Stanford University) New research shows people in underdeveloped parts of the world are not as likely to complete massive open online courses, or MOOCs. But small psychological activities could help motivate them, closing the global achievement gap.

Americans in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) have higher mortality

Thu, 19 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Tufts University, Health Sciences Campus) An analysis of health data from almost half-a-million US adults over the span of a decade finds higher all-cause and cardiometabolic mortality among individuals participating in the federal Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), compared to nonparticipants with the same income levels.

Scientists aim to create the world's largest sickle cell disease stem cell library

Thu, 19 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Boston University Medical Center) Scientists at the Center for Regenerative Medicine at Boston Medical Center and Boston University School of Medicine are creating an induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-based research library that opens the door to invaluable sickle cell disease research and novel therapy development.

Number of women who take maternity leave has stalled

Thu, 19 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Ohio State University) The number of US women taking maternity leave has not changed in 22 years despite factors that suggest it should be increasing, a new study found. During the same time, the number of fathers taking paternity leave more than tripled.

Actress Kathy Bates to be honored at Research!America's Advocacy Awards Dinner

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Research!America) Kathy Bates, award-winning actress and Lymphatic Education & Research Network (LE&RN) spokesperson, will receive Research!America's Isadore Rosenfeld Award for Impact on Public Opinion for raising the visibility of lymphedema and lymphatic diseases and advocating tirelessly on behalf of the patient community. The Rosenfeld Award is presented to individuals who have worked to effectively deliver medical or other health-related research advocacy messages to the public.

PPMD awards $600,000 to NJIT and Talem for Duchenne muscular dystrophy exoskeleton

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(New Jersey Institute of Technology) Parent Project Muscular Dystrophy (PPMD), a nonprofit organization leading the fight to end Duchenne muscular dystrophy (Duchenne), today announced a $600,000 grant to be awarded to the New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT) and Talem Technologies (Talem) as part of the organization's ongoing exploration of robotic technology to assist people living with Duchenne.

Rice's Baker Institute releases policy recommendations for the Trump administration

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Rice University) Rice University's Baker Institute for Public Policy has released policy recommendations for President-elect Donald Trump's administration, which includes science and health care.

Mandarin makes you more musical?

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of California - San Diego) Mandarin makes you more musical -- and at a much earlier age than previously thought. That's the suggestion of a new study from the University of California San Diego. But hold on there, overachiever parents, don't' rush just yet to sign your kids up for Chinese lessons instead of piano.

UCSF, Intel join forces to develop deep learning analytics for health care

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of California - San Francisco) UC San Francisco's Center for Digital Health Innovation (CDHI) today announced a collaboration with Intel Corporation to deploy and validate a deep learning analytics platform designed to improve care.

RIT engineer researches the impact of shear stress on cell circulation

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Rochester Institute of Technology) Jiandi Wan, an assistant professor of microsystems engineering in Rochester Institute of Technology's Kate Gleason College of Engineering, recently received a $476,505 award from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation for his work using fluid dynamics and mechano-biology strategies to better understand blood flow and how cells moving through blood vessels are affected by shear stress

RIT wins NSF grant to transform physics graduate education admissions and retention

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Rochester Institute of Technology) A Rochester Institute of Technology professor won funding from the National Science Foundation to develop an inclusive approach to physics graduate education admission and retention of traditionally underrepresented US citizens. Casey Miller, associate professor and director of RIT's materials science and engineering graduate program, is collaborating with the American Physical Society on a $428,022 NSF Research Traineeship award in Innovations in Graduate Education to increase diversity and physics Ph.D. completion rates among women, African Americans, Hispanic Americans and Native Americans.

$5M foundation gift to help support US-China energy center at Berkeley Lab

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) In 2015, Berkeley Lab, UC Berkeley, and Tsinghua University in Beijing formed the Berkeley Tsinghua Joint Research Center on Energy and Climate Change to develop scientifically based clean energy solutions and the next generation of leaders to champion those solutions. Now, that effort has received welcome support from Jim and Marilyn Simons in the amount of a $5 million donation.

Affordable Care Act made cancer screening more accessible for millions, study finds

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of Virginia Health System) From 2011 to 2013, the ACA resulted in an 8 percent increase in the diagnoses of early-stage colorectal cancer among US seniors aged 65 and older.

New SAGE Publishing text examines war through the lens of the social sciences

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 00:00:00 EST

(SAGE) SAGE Publishing is pleased to announce the release of the four-volume set, The SAGE Encyclopedia of War: Social Science Perspectives. Unlike traditional war encyclopedias that focus on military science and history, The SAGE Encyclopedia of War: Social Science Perspectives also covers the effect of wars on culture, trade, societies, and more.