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The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.



Last Build Date: Thu, 25 May 2017 14:15:01 EDT

Copyright: Copyright 2017 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.
 



The best teams of the engineering competition 'Capture the Flag' were awarded

Thu, 25 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Peter the Great Saint-Petersburg Polytechnic University) On May 24, at the plenary session of the International Polytechnic Week, the winners of the students' competition 'Capture the Flag' organized by Siemens LLC with the support of Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, were awarded. More than 60 students from various universities of St. Petersburg participated in the competition. Altogether, 11 teams competed in the framework of the event, eight of them successfully reached the finals.



Aggressive care at end of life for advanced lung cancer patients linked to poorer outcomes

Thu, 25 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing) For patients with advanced cancer, aggressive care -- chemotherapy, mechanical ventilation, acute hospitalizations and intensive care unit admissions -- at the end of life is commonplace. Yet until now, little is known about the relationship between patients' and families' satisfaction with this aggressive care within the last 30 days of life.



eLearning Stakeholders and Researchers Summit 2017 is held in Moscow for the first time

Thu, 25 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(National Research University Higher School of Economics) National Research University Higher School of Economics, in cooperation with the global online learning platform Coursera, is holding eLearning Stakeholders and Researchers Summit 2017 (eSTARS) -- the international conference focused on scientific and practical aspects of online education on Oct. 10-11, 2017, in Moscow.



New research proves the 'migrant work ethic' exists, in the short term

Thu, 25 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Bath) The research shows that migrant workers are over three times less likely to be absent from work than native UK workers, a measure which economists equate with work ethic. The enhanced migrant work effort was found to be a temporary phenomenon lasting for approximately two years from their arrival in the UK, after which migrant workers' absence converged with levels recorded by native UK workers.



Elsevier adds ClinicalKey to Research4Life access program for developing countries

Thu, 25 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Elsevier) Elsevier, the information analytics company specializing in science and health, will add ClinicalKey to its global research and health resources available through Research4Life starting in June 2017. The expansion of the Research4Life access program with ClinicalKey benefits healthcare professionals in under-resourced, low- and middle-income communities around the globe.



Regenerative medicine researcher's startup companies give hope to patients

Wed, 24 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Virginia Tech) Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute scientist takes commercial route to develop new treatments for wound healing and cancer.



South Sudan wildlife surviving civil war, but poaching and trafficking threats increase

Wed, 24 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Wildlife Conservation Society) The first aerial assessment of the impact of South Sudan's current civil war on the country's wildlife and other natural resources shows that significant wildlife populations have so far survived, but poaching and commercial wildlife trafficking are increasing, as well as illegal mining, timber harvesting and charcoal production, the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) said in a report issued today.



MSU doctor to help eradicate malaria in Malawi with $8.5 million grant

Wed, 24 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Michigan State University) Terrie Taylor, Michigan State University Distinguished Professor of internal medicine and an osteopathic physician, will use a 7-year, $8.5 million federal grant to study why previous malaria prevention and eradication methods in Malawi Africa have been unsuccessful and how progress can be made.



New study finds $1 million-per-mile economic impact of TVA reservoirs

Wed, 24 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture) UTIA researchers conducted in-depth surveys of visitors and property owners along three of TVA's 49 reservoirs -- Norris, Watts Bar and Chickamauga -- during Summer 2016. The study determined that the combination of aquatic recreation and waterfront property along the Tennessee Valley Authority's managed river system creates $11.9 billion of annual economic impact to the region -- the equivalent of $1 million per shoreline mile.



Nearly 500 supporters joined ATS rally on Capitol Hill: Lab coats for lungs

Wed, 24 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(American Thoracic Society) In an ATS 2017 International Conference first, respiratory health professionals and patients joined other conference attendees at a rally near the Capitol on Tuesday, May 23 to voice their concerns about recent policies that threaten to undermine many of the ATS's advocacy priorities including: research funding, tobacco regulation, affordable health care, and clean air. Also participating in the rally was US senators Edward Markey (D-MA) and Tom Carper (D-DE).



National Science Foundation presents FY 2018 budget request

Wed, 24 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(National Science Foundation) National Science Foundation Director France A. Córdova today publicly presented President Donald J. Trump's Fiscal Year 2018 NSF budget request to Congress.



Chemical Safety Board faces uncertain future

Wed, 24 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(American Chemical Society) Under President Donald Trump's proposed 2018 budget, the world's only independent body dedicated to investigating chemical-related industrial accidents would be abolished. A story in Chemical & Engineering News, the weekly news magazine of the American Chemical Society, revisits why the US Chemical Safety & Hazard Investigation Board was initially created, its accomplishments, and what experts say about its potential demise.



Half of mayoral elections in 6 US states are unopposed

Wed, 24 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Rice University) Approximately half of mayoral elections in six US states are unopposed, and unopposed elections are on the rise, according to a report from Houston's Rice University.



Grifols strengthens its Procleix portfolio

Wed, 24 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Grifols) Blood banks in countries that accept the CE Mark can now use this test to screen blood donations to detect the presence of the Zika virus, a measure that will increase the safety of blood transfusions.



Can parents' tech obsessions contribute to a child's bad behavior?

Wed, 24 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan) About half of parents reported that technology interrupted time with their children three or more times on a typical day.



Wiley announces WileyPLUS Student Partner of the Year Award

Wed, 24 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Wiley) John Wiley and Sons Inc. announces Jonathan Montano of San Bernardino Valley College, the winner of the WileyPLUS Student Partner of the Year Award.



$100M gift establishes Duchossois Family Institute to develop 'new science of wellness'

Wed, 24 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Chicago Medical Center) A Chicago-area family with a deep commitment to supporting science and medicine is giving $100 million to establish The Duchossois Family Institute at the University of Chicago Medicine, which seeks to accelerate research and interventions based on how the human immune system, microbiome and genetics interact to maintain health.



Korea's Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute partners with Wiley

Wed, 24 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Wiley) John Wiley and Sons, Inc. (NYSE: JWa and JWb) and Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute (ETRI) announced today plans to collaborate on the publication of ETRI Journal.



Canada's largest hospital reports on year of medically assisted dying

Wed, 24 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University Health Network) Today, in the New England Journal of Medicine, the team from University Health Network in Toronto that developed the organization's protocol for medical assistance in dying (MAiD) describes UHN's approach and experience. This comes a year after Canada decriminalized medically assisted dying throughout the country.



Large market share for non-quality-assured malaria medicines in Africa

Wed, 24 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Infectious Diseases Data Observatory) A new study of malaria medicine quality in eight sub-Saharan African countries has found a large and potentially growing market for non-quality-assured (QA) malaria treatments -- medicines not pre-approved by global health organizations -- as much as 20 percent of the private-sector market in Kenya, and 42 percent in the Democratic Republic of Congo.



Countries most affected by weather disasters do not spend more on weather services

Wed, 24 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(American Association for the Advancement of Science) Countries hit hardest by weather-related disasters do not necessarily spend more on commercial weather and climate information services that assist in preparing for these events, a new study finds. Identifying countries for which this is true and improving the design and delivery of weather and climate services in these locations could lead to better decision-making regarding risks and challenges, ultimately helping to save lives, protect infrastructure, and move people out of poverty.



New Anaesthesia Workforce Map shows huge shortages impacting 5 billion people worldwide

Wed, 24 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(World Federation of Societies of Anaesthesiologists) More than 70 countries reported a total anesthesia provider number of less than five per 100,000 population. All except one were low- and middle-income countries.There is a 50-fold difference between the anesthesia provider workforce density in the United States compared with Indonesia despite comparable population sizes.The Lancet Commission on Global Surgery suggests that 2.28 million additional anesthesiologists, surgeons and obstetricians will be needed globally by 2030.



Parent training on ADHD using volunteers can help meet growing treatment needs

Wed, 24 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(New York University) Using volunteers to train parents concerned about attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in their children can improve capacity to meet increasing ADHD treatment needs, finds a new study by NYU's Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development.



Amazingly flexible: Learning to read in your 30s profoundly transforms the brain

Wed, 24 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics) Reading is such a modern cultural invention that there is no specific area in the brain dedicated to it. Scientists from two Max Planck Institutes have found that learning to read as an adult reconfigures evolutionarily ancient brain structures hitherto assigned to different skills. These findings were obtained in a large-scale study in India in which completely illiterate women learned how to read and write for six months. They are now published in Science Advances.



Border walls may pose big challenges to biodiversity -- but smaller ones to humans

Wed, 24 May 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(American Institute of Biological Sciences) Walls such as the proposed barrier along the US-Mexico border lead to habitat fragmentation and can close off animal populations by impeding movement.