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EurekAlert! - Business and Economics



The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.



Last Build Date: Thu, 24 Aug 2017 01:15:01 EDT

Copyright: Copyright 2017 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.
 



Severity of North Pacific storms at highest point in over 1,200 years

Thu, 24 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Dartmouth College) Ice cores from Denali and Mount Logan offer insight into global climate connections and the history on intensifying storms.



Anglers' delight as algal blooms breakthrough highlights innovative science

Wed, 23 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(John Innes Centre) Millions of fish-deaths caused by toxic Prymnesium algal blooms could be prevented with the application of a household chemical best known for bleaching hair, breakthrough research has revealed.



Building an inclusive community of scholars through mentoring and research

Wed, 23 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Massachusetts at Amherst) Two longtime advocates of broadening science education, UMass Amherst biologist Margaret Riley and education professor Elizabeth McEneaney, have received a three-year, $987,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to continue their efforts to increase student participation and success in STEM careers and research.



Low-Income extraverts spend more on status than introverted peers

Wed, 23 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Association for Psychological Science) The types of goods and services that low-income individuals buy may depend, at least in part, on their personality traits, according to new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.



Development of games prevents cognitive decline in elderly people

Wed, 23 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo) Development of games prevents cognitive decline in elderly people. The study involved a control group and a third group of people who learned to play video games.



Labor market effects of trade liberalization

Wed, 23 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Carnegie Mellon University) A new study on the Brazilian labor market found that workers in regions with industries facing increased competition from imports experienced a steady decrease in earnings over time in comparison to other regions.



New guidelines point way toward more effectively addressing hypertension in kids, teens

Wed, 23 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Case Western Reserve University) The first new national guidelines since 2004 on identifying and treating high blood pressure in children and adolescents (aged 3-18 years old) have been published by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), which convened a panel of experts to produce the new recommendations. The AAP report, offers a series of evidence-based recommendations for pediatricians derived from a comprehensive review of nearly 15,000 medical studies published since 2004.



Study of homeless finds women at disadvantage for accessing disability benefits

Wed, 23 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(North Carolina State University) A recent study of homeless adults finds that women are at a significant disadvantage compared to men when it comes to accessing disability benefits. The study also finds that medical records are key to accessing disability benefits, which poses a problem for many homeless adults.



Countries in Europe with the richest biodiversity do not always receive more funding

Wed, 23 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(FECYT - Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology) A recent study, published in the journal Conservation Biology, reveals that the investments and resources allotted for conservation only partially tally with the levels of biodiversity in the European Union. Thus, countries such as Portugal, Slovakia, Greece and the Czech Republic receive less funding than they would be entitled to as per their biodiversity.



Special focus issue of Bioanalysis explores bioanalytical outsourcing strategies

Wed, 23 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Future Science Group) Bioanalysis, a leading MEDLINE-indexed journal for bioanalysts, has published a special focus issue on 'Outsourcing Strategies in Bioanalysis.'



Artificial intelligence helps with earlier detection of skin cancer

Wed, 23 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Waterloo) New technology being developed by researchers at the University of Waterloo and the Sunnybrook Research Institute is using artificial intelligence (AI) to help detect melanoma skin cancer earlier.



More education linked to better cognitive functioning later in life

Wed, 23 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Lumosity) New research from the University of California, Berkeley, analyzed the performance of around 196,000 Lumosity subscribers to quantify the cumulative effect of attending school on cognition, finding that more education is linked to better cognitive functioning later in life.



Personality drives purchasing of luxury goods

Wed, 23 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University College London) People who are extraverted and on low incomes buy more luxury goods than their introverted peers to compensate for the experience of low financial status, finds new UCL research.



When given the chance to pay less, patients choose cheaper prescription drugs

Tue, 22 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of California - Berkeley) As prescription drug spending continues to rise in the United States, along with prices for new and well-established drugs, insurers, employers and patients are searching for ways to cut costs. A new study led by University of California, Berkeley, researchers found that a policy called reference pricing is effective at encouraging patients to spend significantly less on prescription drugs by choosing cheaper drugs over name brand options.



An AADR perspective on the 'Advancing dental education: Gies in the 21st century' project

Tue, 22 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(International & American Associations for Dental Research) In 1926, William Gies published the seminal report 'Dental Education in the United States and Canada,' however dental education is now challenged by a new set of issues. A national project was created to address these complex modern issues and develop a broad strategic plan for the future of dental education. This project is divided into three phases. AADR's response to the completion of Phase One is published in the September issue of the Journal of Dental Research.



Getting hold of quantum dot biosensors

Tue, 22 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(The Optical Society) Harnessing the nano-tractor-beam like abilities of optical tweezers, researchers from the University of Melbourne, Australia, and Huazhong University of Science and Technology, China, developed an all-silicon nanoantenna to trap individual quantum dots suspended in a microfluidic chamber.



Oropouche virus could emerge and cause a public health problem

Tue, 22 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo) Brazil runs a serious risk of being afflicted by Oropouche, another virus that is widely distributed throughout South and Central America and the Caribbean. An arbovirus transmitted by a mosquito (like Zika and yellow fever), Oropouche causes acute fever and may lead to meningitis and meningoencephalitis (inflammation of the brain and meninges).



Princeton professor calls for federal guarantee of quality education for kids

Tue, 22 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs) American children, no matter where they live or what school they attend, deserve to be guaranteed a quality education, much as we guarantee a safety net for seniors, argued Professor Marta Tienda of Princeton University.



Sales newbies, don't fret -- just go above and beyond

Tue, 22 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Michigan State University) Good news for novice salespeople worried about becoming successful: expressing your gratitude to customers by going above and beyond your job description may be as effective as developing long-term relationships with them, indicates a first-of-its-kind study.



How do international development projects affect property values?

Tue, 22 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences) Home buyers in the US, location typically value properties with access to amenities like schools, parks, and an easy commute. But is that value shared by home buyers in developing countries? University of Illinois economist Hope Michelson looked at property transactions in Kenya near what she assumed would be a highly desirable location and found the real estate mantra, "'ocation, location, location,' wasn't necessarily the guiding principle there.



Mario Draghi inaugurates the 6th Lindau meeting on economic sciences

Tue, 22 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings) The 6th Lindau Meeting on Economic Sciences will be launched tomorrow (Wednesday, Aug. 23) with an opening speech by Mario Draghi, President of the European Central Bank. The participants of the meeting include 17 Nobel Laureates and 350 young economists from 66 countries, who will have the opportunity for in-depth exchange with each other until Saturday, 26 August.



Schools need to encourage broader participation in science learning outside of the classroom

Tue, 22 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Taylor & Francis Group) Schools are failing to offer sufficient opportunities for students from diverse backgrounds to engage in science-based learning outside of the classroom, and should be doing more to open up participation, according to new research.



New meta-analysis finds a plant-based vegetarian diet is associated with lower cholesterol

Tue, 22 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine) A new dietary review of 49 observational and controlled studies finds plant-based vegetarian diets, especially vegan diets, are associated with lower levels of total cholesterol, including lower levels of HDL and LDL cholesterol, compared to omnivorous diets. The meta-analysis appears as an online advance in Nutrition Reviews.



Frontline supervisors use micro-power strategies to cope with middle-manager status

Tue, 22 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Kansas) Probation and parole officers and their frontline supervisors widely differ on their views of the power of the frontline supervisor, according to a new study that includes a University of Kansas researcher.



Hoping to be seen as powerful, consumers prefer wider faces on watches, cars, study finds

Tue, 22 Aug 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Kansas) People are typically averse to wider human faces because they elicit fears of being dominated. However, consumers might like wider faces on some products they buy, such as watches or cars, when they want to be seen in a position of power in certain situations, according to a new study led by a University of Kansas marketing researcher.