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EurekAlert! - Business and Economics



The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.



Last Build Date: Sat, 22 Jul 2017 22:15:01 EDT

Copyright: Copyright 2017 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.
 



6.5 million pounds (25 billion-pesos) to kick-start Colombian bioeconomy

Fri, 21 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Earlham Institute) A four-year investment from RCUK's Global Challenges Research Fund is set to stimulate the bioeconomy by increasing knowledge of Colombia's greatest treasure: its biodiversity



University of Cincinnati creates new model to support workers with disabilities

Fri, 21 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Cincinnati) The University of Cincinnati's Advancement and Transition Services trained Aramark dining services employees on evidence-based practices used by job coaches to support workers with intellectual and developmental disabilities, or I/DD. The result: the independence levels and social capital of workers with I/DD drastically improved over the course of a semester. The new model of support could help workers with I/DD in other workplaces.



Offer of $100 boosts rates of colon cancer screenings

Fri, 21 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine) Offering $100 to patients eligible for a preventive colonoscopy screening more than doubled the rate of screening when compared to a simple emailed request, according to new research from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania.



New 3-D scanning service for applications in the naval sector

Fri, 21 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Elhuyar Fundazioa) Tecnalia has set up a new 3-D Laser Scanning Service for applications in the naval sector; it allows companies in the sector to obtain mass measurements of large-sized volumes with great accuracy and resolution.



Socioeconomic factors and severity of coronary artery disease

Fri, 21 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Bentham Science Publishers) Historically, from the 1930's to the 1950's, the rate of cardiovascular disease in high-income countries was high. Since the mid-1970's, the rate of cardiovascular disease has declined in high income countries, possibly due to socioeconomic inequalities and better management of risk factors for coronary heart disease among the wealthy.



Francis Crick Institute to train top African scientists

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(The Francis Crick Institute) The Francis Crick Institute and five partner institutes in Africa have today announced a fellowship program to train African researchers to tackle infectious diseases in their home countries. The program, called the Crick African Network, is supported by a £6 million grant from the Global Challenges Research Fund, a five-year initiative led by the UK Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy to address problems faced by developing countries.



Art inspiring ecological science, inspiring art

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Ecological Society of America) Art and Science in dialog: sessions at the 2017 Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society of America in Portland, Ore., feature 5-minute presentations on collaborative projects that fuse contemporary art and ecological science to make new work that's not possible within each discipline alone. Explore artwork created by the session speakers in the Art:Sci Gallery.



North American monsoon storms fewer but more extreme

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Arizona) The North American Monsoon now brings more extreme wind and rain to central and southwestern Arizona than in the past. Although there are now fewer storms, the largest monsoon thunderstorms bring heavier rain and stronger winds than did the monsoon storms of 60 years ago, according to new research. The dust storms, wind, flash flooding and microbursts that accompany monsoon storms can be a severe threat to people and property in Arizona.



Study finds gene variant increases risk for depression

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Central Florida) A University of Central Florida study has found that a gene variant, thought to be carried by nearly 25 percent of the population, increases the odds of developing depression.People with apolipoprotein-E4, called ApoE4 for short, have a 20 percent greater chance of developing clinically significant depressive symptoms later in life compared to those who don't have the gene variant, said Rosanna Scott, lead author of the study published in The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.



Sunny, rainy, or cloudy: New study shows how weather impacts response to mobile ads

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences) Among the many factors that impact digital marketing and online advertising strategy, a new study in the INFORMS journal Marketing Science provides insight to a growing trend among firms and big brands ... weather-based advertising. According to the study, certain weather conditions are more amenable for consumer responses to mobile marketing efforts, while the tone of your ad content can either help or hurt such response depending on the current local weather.



Examining the forces behind political conduct: The SAGE Encyclopedia of Political Behavior

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(SAGE) What fuels government leaders and constituents into political action, such as attacking the media or marching and protesting, and how do these acts influence political outcomes and public policy debates? What makes democracy appealing to one society and socialism appealing to the country next door? As political passions and polarization escalate, The SAGE Encyclopedia of Political Behavior launches an exploration into the intersections of psychology, political science, sociology, and human behavior.



Hiring risk executives to protect US banks backfired, contributing to 2008 crash

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Toronto) Why did America's biggest banks become heavily exposed to high-risk derivatives in the lead-up to the recent credit crisis? Researchers found the trend wasn't just driven by banks' enthusiasm for profits. Instead, government efforts to dampen bank risk-taking backfired by putting champions of risk into power. Chief Risk Officers put in place to oversee risk management encouraged banks to increase their exposure to the riskiest kinds of derivatives in the years ahead of the crisis.



Engaging Islamic religious leaders to improve African-American Muslim women's attitudes towards breastfeeding

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing) While research has demonstrated the positive impact a woman's social support network and faith community can have on influencing decisions to breastfeed, little is known regarding the influence of Islamic traditions on the breastfeeding beliefs and practices of African-American Muslims.



Moody's raises NJIT's bond rating

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(New Jersey Institute of Technology) Moody's Investor Services improved their financial outlook on New Jersey Institute of Technology to A-1 stable based on the expectations of continued strong student demand in the science, technology, engineering and mathematics fields driving good operating performance and debt service coverage over the next two years.



AGU announces recipients of the 2017 Union Medals, Awards and Prizes

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(American Geophysical Union) The American Geophysical Union (AGU) has selected its 2017 class of medalists, awardees, and prize recipients. Twenty-nine individuals are recognized this year for their dedication to science for the benefit of humanity and their achievements in Earth and space science.



High-dose influenza vaccine leads to lower hospitalizations in nursing home residents

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center) In the largest nursing home study to date on the effect of a high-dose flu vaccine, researchers found that vaccines with four times the antigen of standard flu vaccines significantly reduced the risk of respiratory and all-cause hospitalization during flu season. The study found a 12.7 percent relative reduction in the incidence of hospitalization for respiratory illness and an 8.5 percent reduction of all-cause hospitalizations.



Individual personal pensions fare worse than group pensions, shows research

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Bath) People who take out an individual personal pension can expect lower returns than those who invest in a group personal pension plan, suggests new research from the University of Bath.



A super-algae to save our seas

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Frontiers) Solutions to climate change, and particularly its effects on the ocean, are needed now more than ever. Coral bleaching caused by climate change is a huge threat to coral reefs. Recent extreme bleaching events have already killed corals worldwide and permanent destruction of reefs is projected within the century if immediate action is not taken. However, genetically engineering a group of microalgae found in corals may enhance their stress tolerance to ocean warming and save coral reefs.



Shifting storms to bring extreme waves, seaside damage to once placid areas

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of New South Wales) The world's most extensive study of a major stormfront striking the coast has revealed a previously unrecognised danger from climate change: as storm patterns fluctuate, waterfront areas once thought safe are likely to be hammered and damaged as never before.



A mission without borders

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(NASA/Johnson Space Center) Originally designed to address the growing 21st-century concern regarding pediatric obesity, the program has evolved into a platform of international communication that has grown past merely health and fitness. This year alone, 38 countries have united under the Mission X banner.



Paying farmers not to cut down trees in Uganda helps fight climate change, new study shows

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Innovations for Poverty Action) An interdisciplinary team of researchers found that they could slow deforestation and preserve endangered chimpanzee habitats by paying poor landowners in Uganda not to cut down trees on their property. The system of small payments effectively cut deforestation in half, keeping the average equivalent of 3,000 metric tons of CO2 out of the air for every village who participated. The program was also cost-effective: it was 10 to 50 times cheaper than many pollution-fighting measures in the US.



Insurance approval rates for clinical trial participation rose under Affordable Care Act

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(American Association for Cancer Research) Approval rates for privately insured patients seeking to enroll in oncology clinical trials increased after the passage of the Affordable Care Act.



Curbing deforestation

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Northwestern University) A new Northwestern University study suggests that paying people to conserve their trees could be a highly cost-effective way to reduce deforestation and carbon emissions and should be a key part of the global strategy to fight climate change. The study, led by Seema Jayachandran, associate professor of economics in the Weinberg College of Arts and Sciences at Northwestern, sought to evaluate how effective 'Payments for Ecosystems' (PES) is at reducing deforestation.



Payments to protect forests are worth it

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(American Association for the Advancement of Science) Trees play a critical role in mitigating global carbon emissions and now a new study in Uganda shows that the cost of giving landowners a modest fee to refrain from cutting down their trees is substantially lower than the carbon-related costs that are incurred when trees are lost.



3-D printing sweeps toy manufacturing off the shelves

Thu, 20 Jul 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Michigan Technological University) People have scoffed that 3-D printers are simply toys themselves. But they probably didn't realize how much money is made off playthings. Do-it-yourself manufacturing -- making goods at home with a 3-D printer using open source designs from a free online repository -- has a multi-million-dollar impact on the overall toy industry.