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EurekAlert! - Business and Economics



The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.



Last Build Date: Mon, 20 Nov 2017 00:15:01 EST

Copyright: Copyright 2017 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.
 



National cooperative group trial seeks to cut in half early mortality rates for rare leukemia

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University) A national cooperative group trial is making a handful of the country's experts in a rare leukemia available around the clock, with the goal of cutting by more than half the high mortality rates that occur in the difficult first few weeks of treatment.Induction mortality for treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia, or APL, can be as high as 30 percent, but for patients who survive those first few weeks, survival rates can soar beyond 90 percent, making it the most curable leukemia.



Professor publishes archaeological research on social inequality

Fri, 17 Nov 2017 00:00:00 EST

(The University of Montana) The origins of social inequality might lie in the remnants of ancient Eurasia's agricultural societies, according to an article recently published in the major science journal Nature.



A walk at the mall or the park? New study shows, for moms and daughters, a walk in the park is best

Fri, 17 Nov 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences) University of Illinois family studies researchers believed that if the attention restoration theory, which describes how interaction with natural environments can reduce mental fatigue and restore attention, worked for individuals it might also work for families to help facilitate more positive family interactions and family cohesion. They tested their theory by looking at sets of moms and daughters who were asked to take a walk together in nature and a walk in a mall.



Hibernating ground squirrels provide clues to new stroke treatments

Fri, 17 Nov 2017 00:00:00 EST

(NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke) In the fight against brain damage caused by stroke, researchers have turned to an unlikely source of inspiration: hibernating ground squirrels. While the animals' brains experience dramatically reduced blood flow during hibernation, just like human patients after a certain type of stroke, the squirrels emerge from their extended naps suffering no ill effects. Now, a team of NIH-funded scientists has identified a potential drug that could grant the same resilience to stroke patients.



Small changes to organ procurement system could lead to more life-saving transplants

Fri, 17 Nov 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Indiana University) Slight changes to the system for allocating deceased-donor kidneys could result in higher rates of organ procurement and lead to more kidney transplants across the country, according to new research co-authored by an Indiana University Kelley School of Business professor.



Rheumatology leaders urge support for graduate student exemption & continuous health coverage

Fri, 17 Nov 2017 00:00:00 EST

(American College of Rheumatology) The American College of Rheumatology (ACR) today expressed concerns with a provision of the House tax bill passed on Nov. 16 that would repeal the tax-exempt status for graduate student tuition waivers, and a provision included in the Senate tax bill that would repeal the individual health insurance mandate.



Age and gut bacteria contribute to MS disease progression, according to Rutgers

Fri, 17 Nov 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Rutgers University) Gut bacteria at a young age can contribute to multiple sclerosis disease onset and progression.



UTSA researchers receive $147,000 grant to train school psychologists in deaf education

Fri, 17 Nov 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of Texas at San Antonio) Educational psychology researchers from UTSA received a grant for a new program that integrates educational psychology and deaf education.



Springer Nature launches a pilot with PaperHive

Fri, 17 Nov 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Springer) Springer Nature has launched a one-year pilot with PaperHive, a market-leading annotation system and copyright-compliant collaborative research platform. The partnership focuses on increasing reader engagement of university students with academic literature in various fields including biomedicine, mathematics, physics, and chemistry. The pilot phase comprises books and textbooks from Springer and Springer Spektrum, the leading publisher for classical and digital educational media in the field of natural sciences and mathematics in the German-speaking region.



New interdisciplinary research program in biomedical innovation law

Fri, 17 Nov 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of Copenhagen, Faculty of Law) The Novo Nordisk Foundation has awarded a grant of DKK 35 million to Timo Minssen, Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Copenhagen for establishing a Collaborative Research Programme in Biomedical Innova-tion Law (CeBIL).The aim of CeBIL is to analyse the most important legal obstacles to pharmaceutical innovation and thereby contribute to translating innova-tive biomedical research into new effective, affordable and easily acces-sible forms of treatment.



Link between obesity and cancer is not widely recognized

Fri, 17 Nov 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Oxford University Press USA) A new study published in the Journal of Public Health has shown that the majority of people in the United Kingdom do not understand the connection between weight issues and cancer. Obesity is associated with thirteen types of cancer, including those of the breast, kidney, bowel, and womb. However, after surveying 3,293 adults, taken as representative of the UK population, researchers found that only a quarter of respondents were aware of the link between obesity and cancer.



Performance appraisal success depends on frequent feedback and good standard setting

Fri, 17 Nov 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of Leicester) Appraisal of employees often gets a bad press, but recent research suggests if it involves frequent feedback between the formal appraisal and good prior planning and communication of standards then it can be successful and appreciated by employees.



BfR supports EFSA and ECHA with the development of European guidelines for the health assessment of endocrine disruptors

Fri, 17 Nov 2017 00:00:00 EST

(BfR Federal Institute for Risk Assessment) On behalf of the European Food Safety Authority, the German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment hosted a hearing of experts on the practicability of hormone measurements in toxicological studies in Berlin on Oct. 18-19, 2017.



First-graders fitter than expected

Fri, 17 Nov 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Technical University of Munich (TUM)) Childhood obesity is often attributed to a lack of exercise. So what about sports among elementary school students? A team from the Technical University of Munich pursued this question and collected the results of fitness tests for first-year students over a period of one decade. Their study shows that students did not lose their strength. Speed or balance even increased over the time of 10 years. One change was in the boys, whose endurance decreased compared to the girls of the same age.



Noninvasive brain imaging shows readiness of trainees to perform operations

Thu, 16 Nov 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute) While simulation platforms have been used to train surgeons before they enter an actual operating room (OR), few studies have evaluated how well trainees transfer those skills from the simulator to the OR. Now, a study led by Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute that used noninvasive brain imaging to evaluate brain activity has found that simulator-trained medical students successfully transferred those skills to operating on cadavers and were faster than peers who had no simulator training.



American Water Works Association and Wiley confirm new publishing partnership

Thu, 16 Nov 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Wiley) John Wiley and Sons Inc., (NYSE:JW-A) (NYSE:JW-B) and the American Water Works Association (AWWA) announced today that they have agreed to become publishing partners for the AWWA periodicals, Journal -- American Water Works Association (JAWWA) and Opflow.



Hot and bothered

Thu, 16 Nov 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of California - Santa Barbara) Environmental economists predict climate change will bring big manufacturing losses to China by mid-21st century.



NIFA invests in programs to increase productivity, profitability, stewardship of 3 crops

Thu, 16 Nov 2017 00:00:00 EST

(National Institute of Food and Agriculture ) The US Department of Agriculture's (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) today announced support for research to increase the productivity, profitability, and natural resources stewardship of canola, potato, and alfalfa production systems. The grants are funded through three NIFA programs: Alfalfa and Forage Research, Supplemental and Alternative Crops, and Potato Breeding Research.



Study says homeowners shouldn't count on property appreciation creating wealth

Thu, 16 Nov 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Florida Atlantic University) The American Dream of homeownership as the path to creating wealth may be due for a revision. A new study by faculty at Florida Atlantic University, Florida International University and the University of Wyoming finds that the property appreciation most homeowners expect when buying a home may be relatively meaningless in terms of building wealth.



British historian Daniel Beer wins US$75,000 International Cundill History prize

Thu, 16 Nov 2017 00:00:00 EST

(McGill University) The international Cundill History Prize today announced the British historian Daniel Beer as the 2017 winner of the US$75,000 prize - the richest in non-fiction for a single work in English. The London-based historian was awarded for his ground-breaking study of Siberian penal colonies, The House of the Dead: Siberian Exile Under the Tsars (Allen Lane).



One Health researchers identify hot spots of tick-borne diseases in Mongolia

Thu, 16 Nov 2017 00:00:00 EST

(George Mason University) Given the critical role livestock play in Mongolia, transmission of tick-borne diseases can have very real health and economic implications for livestock and herders. George Mason University's Dr. Michael von Fricken and colleagues explored the interaction between nomadic herders, the livestock they own, and the tick-borne diseases they are exposed to.



Women-run start-ups hampered by bias among male investors, Caltech study finds

Thu, 16 Nov 2017 00:00:00 EST

(California Institute of Technology) Michael Ewens of Caltech and Richard Townsend of UC San Diego examined data for nearly 18,000 start-ups and found that companies started by women have a harder time finding funding because male investors prefer companies started by men.



Lehigh engineering professor Yaling Liu named ASME fellow

Thu, 16 Nov 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Lehigh University) Yaling Liu has been named a fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, one of the top honors in his field.



Computer program finds new uses for old drugs

Thu, 16 Nov 2017 00:00:00 EST

(Case Western Reserve University) Researchers at the Case Comprehensive Cancer Center at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine have developed a computer program to find new indications for old drugs. The computer program, called DrugPredict, matches existing data about FDA-approved drugs to diseases, and predicts potential drug efficacy. In a recent study published in Oncogene, the researchers successfully translated DrugPredict results into the laboratory, and showed common pain medications--like aspirin--can kill patient-derived epithelial ovarian cancer cells.



Helping children with ADHD thrive in the classroom

Thu, 16 Nov 2017 00:00:00 EST

(University of Kentucky) Nearly 15 percent of Kentucky children are currently diagnosed with ADHD, the highest rate in the nation. While medicine alone doesn't necessarily lead to improved academic performance in the long run, a new intervention developed by UK professors is aiming to do just that.