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The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.



Last Build Date: Sat, 25 Mar 2017 05:15:01 EDT

Copyright: Copyright 2017 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.
 



Neurosurgical practices must evolve and transform to adapt to rapidly changing healthcare industry

Fri, 24 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Oxford University Press USA) Neurosurgeons hoping to successfully navigate the rapidly changing healthcare industry must advance their strategies and adapt new ways of thinking in order to continue to thrive in an evolving environment.



Most Lithuanians still emigrate for economic reasons

Fri, 24 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Kaunas University of Technology) Independent research, initiated and carried out by Kaunas University of Technology (KTU) interdisciplinary migration research cluster shows that introduction of Euro in Lithuania coincides with the fourth wave of emigration. In 2015, more than 40 thousand people left Lithuania, and in 2016 -- around 50 thousand.



Research results in AI for drug discovery to be presented at the BioDataWorld West in San Francisco

Fri, 24 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(InSilico Medicine, Inc.) Insilico Medicine, a Big Data analytics company applying deep learning techniques to drug discovery, biomarker development and human longevity research will present new research applying generative adversarial networks to developing new molecular structures for leads in oncology and other diseases at the BioDataWorld West, San Francisco, April 26-27.



Most remaining smokers in US have low socioeconomic status

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus) After decades of declining US smoking rates overall, most remaining smokers have low income, no college education, no health insurance or a disability. About 15 percent of US adults -- more than 36 million -- continue to smoke cigarettes. Half to three-fourths of them have one or more low-socioeconomic disadvantages, and the lowest socioeconomic categories have the highest smoking rates. The study concludes that continuing tobacco use is now concentrated among the least advantaged portion of society.



Building a market for renewable thermal technologies

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies ) A Yale-led analysis concludes that renewable thermal technologies have significant market potential in the state if supported by appropriate public policy and financing tools.



Study: Oregon high schools lacking 'best practices' for athletic emergencies

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Oregon State University) A survey of Oregon high school athletic directors on their school's preparedness for a catastrophic injury or health event found that only 11 percent of those responding had implemented three primary 'best-practice' recommendations for treating their student-athletes.



Community champions: Collaborating with communities strengthens nursing and leadership skills

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing) Service learning is a pedagogical approach that has proven valuable in helping undergraduate nursing students better understand specific needs of diverse populations and gives them opportunities to apply their knowledge to meet those needs. The University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing has provided its students with dynamic service learning opportunities since 2014 though a unique student-established program called Community Champions, featured in a recent article published online in the Journal of Nursing Education and Practice.



Freestanding emergency departments in Texas deliver costly care, 'sticker shock'

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Rice University) The rapid growth of freestanding emergency departments in Texas has been accompanied by an equal increase in use at relatively high prices that lead to sizable out-of-pocket costs to patients, according to new research by experts at Rice University, Baylor College of Medicine, the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, the Michael E. DeBakey VA Medical Center and Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Texas.



Research consortium develops evidence-based diagnostic model for mental illness

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University at Buffalo) Researchers haves has developed a new, evidence-based alternative to the mental health field's long-established diagnostic tools for the classification, treatment, and research of mental disorders. The Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology (HiTOP) addresses what the authors say are limitations to the reliability and validity of traditional models.



Plenaries at American Chemical Society meeting focus on energy, materials, partnerships

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(American Chemical Society) Scientists, in four plenary talks, will explore a variety of subjects related to the 'Advanced Materials, Technologies, Systems & Processes' theme of the 253rd National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society. The meeting will take place April 2 to 6 in San Francisco.



Survey may reduce rates of malnutrition in hospitals

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Waterloo) University of Waterloo researchers have created a tool aimed at decreasing the rate of malnutrition in hospitals.The tool, known as the Mealtime Audit Tool (MAT), will help dietitians, doctors and nurses identify why a third of patients in acute care settings don't eat the food on their trays.



EBSCO Information Services and the American Association for the Advancement of Science announce new, expanded agreement

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(American Association for the Advancement of Science) EBSCO Information Services (EBSCO) and the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) have reached an expanded distribution agreement allowing EBSCO to sell AAAS journals, including Science, via the AAAS platform. The arrangement will also allow libraries to purchase Science through Flipster®, EBSCO's digital newsstand.



Age at immigration influences occupational skill development

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Duke University) Future occupations of US immigrant children are influenced by how similar their native language is to English, according to a new study from scholars at Duke University and the US Naval Postgraduate School. 'The more difficult it is for the child to learn English, the more likely they will invest in math/logic and physical skills over communications skills,' said co-author Marcos Rangel, assistant professor of public policy at Duke's Sanford School of Public Policy.



Republicans less likely to be critical about Obamacare when thinking of their own medical needs

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Exeter) US Republican voters are less likely to be critical about the performance of the controversial 'Obamacare' health reforms when they are reminded about their own medical needs, new research shows.



Southeast National Marine Renewable Energy Center receives $360,000 NSF grant

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Florida Atlantic University) FAU's Southeast National Marine Renewable Energy Center (SNMREC), a US Department of Energy designated center, is focused on advancing science and technology to recover energy from the oceans' renewable resources with special emphasis on those resources available to the southeastern US, initially focusing on ocean currents and thermal resources.



Physicians committee hosts CME conference to help providers prescribe a plant-based diet

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine) Diet-related risk factors account for nearly half, more than 300,000, cardiometabolic deaths each year related to heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. Eight-six percent of doctors feel uncomfortable talking to patients about diet and health. Dietary risks remain the leading cause of death and disability in the United States. Neal Barnard, M.D., F.A.C.C., president of the nonprofit Physicians Committee, aims to change this and brings the fifth-annual International Conference on Nutrition in Medicine (ICNM) to international health care providers and medical students on July 28 to 29, 2017, at the Grand Hyatt in Washington, D.C.



New tools to spy on raiding baboons in suburbs of Cape Town, South Africa

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Swansea University) Scientists from Swansea University's (Wales, UK) College of Science are part of an international team attempting to better understand the human-baboon conflict in Cape Town, South Africa.



A 'carbon law' offers pathway to halve emissions every decade, say researchers

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Stockholm Resilience Centre) On the eve of Earth Hour, researchers propose a solution in the journal Science for the global economy to rapidly reduce carbon emissions. The authors argue a carbon roadmap, driven by a simple rule of thumb or 'carbon law' of halving emissions every decade, could catalyze disruptive innovation. They observe that for a decade the energy sector has been doubling renewable capacity every five-six years. Continuing at this pace leads to 100 percent renewables before 2050.



Asian-American students have strong academic support -- but is it too much?

Thu, 23 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(New York University) Despite having the strongest academic support from parents, teachers, and friends, second-generation Asian-American adolescents benefit much less from these supports than others, finds a study by NYU's Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development.



Canada funds $125 million Pan-Canadian Artificial Intelligence Strategy

Wed, 22 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Canadian Institute for Advanced Research) The Government of Canada is funding a Pan-Canadian Artificial Intelligence Strategy for research and talent that will cement Canada's position as a world leader in AI.



UTIA student fellows to tackle sustainable agriculture in the Rainforest

Wed, 22 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture) Producing sustainable yields in harmony with conserving the rainforest: a win-win for the people of Belize and the world. As part of the highly competitive Agriculture and Food Research Initiative, faculty with the University of Tennessee Department of Forestry, Wildlife and Fisheries, the College of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources and the UTIA Office of International Programs will recruit 14 undergraduate Research and Extension Fellows over three years to explore agro-ecological farming.



Too much structured knowledge hurts creativity, shows Rotman study

Wed, 22 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Toronto, Rotman School of Management) Structure organizes human activities and help us understand the world with less effort, but it can be the killer of creativity, concludes a study from the University of Toronto's Rotman School of Management.



Charitable giving: How do power and beliefs about equality impact donations?

Wed, 22 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Journal of Consumer Research) Are powerful, well-to-do people more charitable? It depends. According to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research, wealthier people are more likely to donate to charity if they endorse social inequality while less wealthy people are more likely to make donations if they endorse greater equality.



Feeling out of control: Do consumers make practical purchases or luxury buys?

Wed, 22 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Journal of Consumer Research) The common assumption about retail therapy is that it's all about indulging in things like pricey designer duds or the latest gadgets. But according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research, consumers are actually more likely to make practical purchases than splurge on luxury items when they feel less in control.



Paying for pain: What motivates tough mudders and other weekend warriors?

Wed, 22 Mar 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Journal of Consumer Research) Why do people pay for experiences deliberately marketed as painful? According to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research, consumers will pay big money for extraordinary -- even painful -- experiences to offset the physical malaise resulting from today's sedentary lifestyles.