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EurekAlert! - Atmospheric Science



The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.



Last Build Date: Sun, 23 Apr 2017 17:09:01 EDT

Copyright: Copyright 2017 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.
 



Cold weather & fewer sun hours are associated with increased rates of alcoholic cirrhosis

Sat, 22 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(European Association for the Study of the Liver) New data presented at The International Liver Congress™ 2017 in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, suggests that colder and less sunny regions of the world have higher rates of alcoholic cirrhosis, a disease caused by excessive drinking which results in irreversible scarring of the liver. An international team of scientists found that every increase in temperature of one degree Celsius was linked with a decrease in the alcohol-attributable fraction of cirrhosis of 0.3 percent.



Research sheds new light on forces that threaten sensitive coastlines

Fri, 21 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Indiana University) Wind-driven expansion of marsh ponds on the Mississippi River Delta is a significant factor in the loss of crucial land in the Delta region, according to research published by scientists at Indiana University and North Carolina State University. The study found that 17 percent of land loss in the area resulted from pond expansion, much of it caused by waves that eroded away the edges of the pond.



Penn: 'Atlas for the end of the world' offers a path to protecting biodiversity

Fri, 21 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Pennsylvania) In a forum on global urbanization, biodiversity and policy held at the University of Pennsylvania School of Design April 21, Richard Weller, Martin and Margy Meyerson Chair of Urbanism and Professor and Chair of Landscape Architecture, will present the results of a three-year research project entitled Atlas for the End of the World, which will be published online at http://atlas-for-the-end-of-the-world.com.



NASA and NOAA satellites watch Arlene, first Atlantic Tropical Storm of the season

Fri, 21 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) The first tropical storm of the Atlantic Ocean hurricane season formed 40 days before the official kick off of the season. Tropical Storm Arlene formed in the North Central Atlantic Ocean and NOAA's GOES-East satellite provided forecasters with a look at the storm, swirling far from land areas.



A better way to predict the environmental impacts of agricultural production

Fri, 21 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Stanford University) Many companies want to know how the creation of their products affects the environment. Scientists at Stanford, the University of Minnesota and Unilever have found a way to better predict and quantify environmental impacts.



Economists price BP oil spill damage to natural resources at $17.2 billion

Thu, 20 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of California - San Diego) The BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico was the largest maritime oil spill in US history. Almost seven years to the day after the start of the environmental disaster, researchers have published a price tag of the damage done to natural resources: $17.2 billion.



Summit to examine issues confronting Great Lakes

Thu, 20 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Illinois at Chicago) 'Untrouble the Waters' features Great Lakes mayors, environmental advocates and community leaders who will address critical issues impacting the Great Lakes region.



Application of statistical method shows promise mitigating climate change effects on pine

Thu, 20 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(American Statistical Association) Confronting evidence that the global climate is changing rapidly relative to historical trends, researchers at North Carolina State University have developed a new statistical model that, when applied to the loblolly pine tree populations in the southeastern United States, will benefit forest landowners and the forest industry in future decades. The research, titled 'Optimal Seed Deployment Under Climate Change Using Spatial Models: Application to Loblolly Pine in the Southeastern US' appears in the Journal of The American Statistical Association.



Rising water temperatures endanger health of coastal ecosystems, study finds

Thu, 20 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Georgia) Marine biologists James Hollibaugh and Sylvia Schaefer found that rising water temperatures could disrupt ocean food webs and lead to the release of more greenhouse gases.



NASA sees the formation of early Atlantic Ocean Tropical Depression 1

Thu, 20 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) A low pressure area in the Atlantic Ocean, located southwest of the Azores was designated as Subtropical Depression One on April 19 as NASA examined its rainfall. By April 20 it had become the Atlantic's first tropical depression.



Bacteria used to fight antimicrobial contamination of soil and water

Thu, 20 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Nevada, Reno) A new study at the University of Nevada, Reno has found a potential way to reduce the environmental presence of Triclosan, an antimicrobial that is also linked to problems with antibiotic resistance.



New research unlocks forests' potential in climate change mitigation

Thu, 20 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Clemson University) For the first time, scientists have created a global map measuring the cooling effect forests generate by regulating the exchange of water and energy between the Earth's surface and the atmosphere. The information offers a valuable new tool in efforts to mitigate climate change, according to an article recently published in the journal Nature Climate Change.



NASA sees the end of ex-Tropical Cyclone 02W

Thu, 20 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite spotted the remnants of Tropical Cyclone 02W southeast of Taiwan in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean as the system was dissipating.



New research at Clemson University could help reduce fine-particle engine emissions

Thu, 20 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Clemson University) Simona Onori, an assistant professor, is working to reduce fine-particle emissions in gasoline direct injection engines. She has received a $500,000 CAREER award from the National Science Foundation.



AGU journal commentaries highlight importance of Earth and space science research

Thu, 20 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(American Geophysical Union) The American Geophysical Union (AGU) today published a collection of 27 essays as commentaries in its scientific journals highlighting the important role Earth and space science research plays in society.



Antarctica's biodiversity is under threat

Thu, 20 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Concordia University) A unique international study has debunked the popular view that Antarctica and the Southern Ocean are in much better ecological shape than the rest of the world.



Recovering species must be celebrated or we risk reversing progress, says leading expert

Thu, 20 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Cambridge) A failure to celebrate conservation successes means we miss vital opportunities to convince the public of 'real and practical solutions' they can engage with. Cambridge conservationists will unite with colleagues across the globe to champion environmental victories and show there is cause for hope -- the decisive component in the fight to save disappearing biodiversity.



5G enables precision road weather services and provides robot cars with the ability to hear

Thu, 20 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland) VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland is coordinating the 5G-Safe project, which aims to reduce traffic accidents. This involves the development of new vehicular network solutions and the local road weather and safety services they enable, in support of drivers, road operators and autonomous vehicle management systems.



BP oil spill did $17.2 billion in damage to natural resources, scientists find

Thu, 20 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Virginia Tech) The 2010 BP Deepwater Horizon oil spill did $17.2 billion in damage to the natural resources in the Gulf of Mexico, a team of scientists recently found after a six-year study of the impact of the largest oil spill in US history.



Coral reefs struggle to keep up with rising seas, leave coastal communities at risk

Thu, 20 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(European Geosciences Union) In the first ecosystem-wide study of changing sea depths at five large coral reef tracts in Florida, the Caribbean and Hawai'i, researchers found the sea floor is eroding in all five places, and the reefs cannot keep pace with sea level rise. As a result, coastal communities protected by the reefs are facing increased risks from storms, waves and erosion. The study, by the US Geological Survey (USGS), is published today in Biogeosciences.



Indigenous peoples mobilize to assert role in alleviating climate change; new policy brief

Thu, 20 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Rights and Resources Initiative) Indigenous Peoples, local communities from 30 different countries are demanding respect for their land rights. Despite clear evidence that communities are the best guardians of their lands and the world's forests -- highlighted in a new policy brief -- governments are giving the go-ahead to dams, coal mines, palm oil plantations, and other projects that rob the forests' customary owners of their homes and livelihoods, and threaten the climate and resources we all depend on.



Stink bug traps perform poorly during winter invasions

Thu, 20 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Entomological Society of America) Score one for the brown marmorated stink bug, again. Since the pernicious pest arrived in the United States nearly 20 years ago, it has proven difficult to fend off, attacking crops in the summer and invading homes in the fall and winter. And, as a team of researchers has recently found, one of the leading monitoring methods for the stink bug may only be effective for half of the year.



Climatic effect of irrigation over the Yellow River basin

Wed, 19 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences) The agricultural irrigation affects the regional climate mainly through changing the surface water process. Using water resources in the Yellow River basin is challenging due to the drought and increasing water consumption. The agriculture irrigation will also lead to a greater probability of cloud formation which then impacted the spatial distribution of surface sir temperature and precipitation.



EPA methane emission policy likely to cost less, miss 2025 targets

Wed, 19 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Stanford's School of Earth, Energy & Environmental Sciences ) Stanford research shows plugging methane leaks will cost about a third less than the EPA estimates, further underscoring the cost-effectiveness of emissions mitigation -- but the agency will also likely fall short of its 2025 reduction targets.



Science is core to saving wildlife

Wed, 19 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Wildlife Conservation Society) The following statement was issued today by Wildlife Conservation Society President and CEO Cristian Samper on the importance of science to wildlife conservation: