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Preview: EurekAlert! - Atmospheric Science

EurekAlert! - Atmospheric Science



The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.



Last Build Date: Fri, 22 Sep 2017 18:09:01 EDT

Copyright: Copyright 2017 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.
 



Fires in Australia pop up in places already burned

Fri, 22 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) Fires that span across the Northern Territory and Western Australia appear to have broken out in areas that have already been burned in previous fires.



NASA tracking Hurricane Maria on Bahamas approach

Fri, 22 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite provided a look at Maria's temperatures to find the strongest sides of the storm, while NOAA's GOES satellite revealed the extent of the storm in a visible image as it moved toward the Bahamas.



NASA's Terra satellite sees a very stubborn post-Tropical Cyclone Jose

Fri, 22 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) Jose continues to bring tropical storm conditions to southern New England although the storm has become post-tropical. NASA's Terra satellite caught a view of the storm sitting almost stationary about 100 miles from Nantucket Island, Mass.



A global perspective: Can humans mitigate risks associated with natural disasters?

Fri, 22 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(World Scientific) 'The Handbook of Disaster Risk Reduction & Management' explores climate change and its association with socio-economic development and cultures, particularly in vulnerable communities, and investigates how resilience to disasters can be built. As its title suggests, the focus is on mitigation strategies and policies to reduce and manage the consequences of natural disasters. The handbook covers pre- to post-disaster occurrences from a wide range of perspectives, such as gender and country.



Winter cold extremes linked to high-altitude polar vortex weakening

Fri, 22 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK)) When the strong winds that circle the Arctic slacken, cold polar air can escape and cause extreme winter chills in parts of the Northern hemisphere. A new study finds that these weak states have become more persistent over the past four decades and can be linked to cold winters in Russia and Europe.



Tackling air pollution in Sub-Saharan Africa

Fri, 22 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Portsmouth) The University of Portsmouth is helping to tackle air pollution and its harmful effects in Sub-Saharan Africa.



QUT creates Australia's first lithium-ion battery

Fri, 22 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Queensland University of Technology) QUT researchers have produced Australia's first lithium-ion battery after establishing the country's only facility capable of such manufacturing.



Positive, negative or neutral, it all matters: NASA explains space radiation

Fri, 22 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(NASA/Johnson Space Center) Charged particles may be small, but they matter to astronauts. NASA's Human Research Program (HRP) is investigating these particles to solve one of its biggest challenges for a human journey to Mars: space radiation and its effects on the human body.



Yale announces collaboration with WBCSD to improve corporate reporting

Fri, 22 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies ) The Yale Initiative on Sustainable Finance will provide high-quality research on the flow of capital into sustainability-oriented projects and sustainable companies.



New technique spots warning signs of extreme events

Fri, 22 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Massachusetts Institute of Technology) Engineers at MIT have devised a framework for identifying key patterns that precede an extreme event. The framework can be applied to a wide range of complicated, multidimensional systems to pick out the warning signs that are most likely to occur in the real world.



Overcoming obstacles to measure nitrous oxide emissions

Fri, 22 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(American Society of Agronomy) 'Indirect' emissions of nitrous oxide (N2O) represent a large and very uncertain component of the greenhouse gas budget of agricultural cropping systems, but quantifying and reducing indirect N2O emissions have proven to be very challenging. The symposium, 'How Can We Improve Our Estimates of Indirect N2O Emissions,' planned at the Managing Global Resources for a Secure Future ASA, CSSA, SSSA International Annual Meeting in Tampa, FL, will address this important topic.



Politically driven: How today's advances in science & technology come about

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(World Scientific) The 1980s witnessed technologies focus on reducing costs and improving performance. However, at the turn of 21st century, there appeared to have been a paradigm shift; moving scientific and technological innovation into the age of 'Politico-Engineering' (i.e. politically initiated engineering), with an emphasis on sustainable and crisis-managing technologies.



Understanding the dance to save the dance

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Botanical Society of America) Plant-pollinator relationships are vital to our natural and agricultural ecosystems, with an incredible amount of food crops worldwide dependent on plant-pollinator interaction success. But the advancement of climate change is disrupting plant-pollinator relationships. A special issue of Applications in Plant Sciences -- Studying Plant-Pollinator Interactions Facing Climate Change and Changing Environments -- explores the creative methods being used by researchers to study the effects of climate change on plant-pollinator relationships.



NASA measures Hurricane Maria's torrential rainfall, sees eye re-open

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) Hurricane Maria has caused catastrophic flooding in Puerto Rico and left a wake of heavy rainfall that NASA measured using a fleet of satellites in space. NASA satellite imagery also saw Maria's eye close up as it tracked across Puerto Rico and re-open after its exit.



Ozark grasslands experience major increase in trees and shrubs

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of California - Davis) Woody vegetation, such as trees and shrubs, has increased dramatically in Ozark grasslands over the past 75 years, according to a study published this week in the journal Landscape Ecology. If these ecosystems continue to favor woody vegetation, will it be possible to maintain open grasslands for the foreseeable future?



Arctic science panel presentation and discussion with journalists: Global lessons from the thawing Arctic, Sept. 27

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(American Association for the Advancement of Science) The Study of Environmental Arctic Change (SEARCH) is organizing a panel of Arctic scientists at AAAS Headquarters on Sep. 27 (3:00-5:00pm EDT) to discuss global lessons from a thawing Arctic.



NASA sees large Tropical Storm Jose doing a 'sit and spin' off the Massachusetts coast

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) Tropical Storm Jose continued to spin south of Massachusetts when NASA's Aqua satellite flew overhead from space and captured an image of the large storm that hasn't moved much.



Going diving in the tropics? Don't eat the reef fish!

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of British Columbia) Reducing tourist consumption of reef fish is critical for Palau's ocean sustainability, finds a new UBC study that suggests other small island nations might also consider adopting this strategy.



Higher manganese levels in children correlate with lower IQ scores, UC study finds

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center) A study led by environmental health researchers at the University of Cincinnati (UC) College of Medicine finds that children in East Liverpool, Ohio with higher levels of Manganese (Mn) had lower IQ scores. The research appears online in the journal NeuroToxicology.



We must accelerate transitions for sustainability and climate change, experts say

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Sussex) We must move faster towards a low-carbon world if we are to limit global warming to 2 degrees C this century, experts have warned.



Breathing dirty air may harm kidneys

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Washington University in St. Louis) Outdoor air pollution may increase the risk of chronic kidney disease and contribute to kidney failure, according to researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and the Veterans Affairs (VA) St. Louis Health Care System. Scientists used VA data to evaluate the effects of air pollution and kidney disease on nearly 2.5 million people and compared it to air-quality levels collected by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).



Broad swath of US deemed environmentally suitable for mosquitoes that transmit disease

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Entomological Society of America) Three-quarters of counties in the contiguous United States present suitable environmental conditions for at least part of the year for either Aedes aegypti or Aedes albopictus mosquitoes to survive if introduced, according to researchers at the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The two mosquito species can transmit viruses that cause Zika, dengue, chikungunya, and yellow fever.



Restoring wetlands and our environment

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(American Society of Agronomy) Wetlands, including the Everglades, are important to the health of the environment. Restoring their ability to process water is the topic of several talks at a scientific meeting.



Research to breed more climate-friendly cattle selected for PLOS Genetics Research Prize

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(PLOS) A study that identified a genetic link between host animals, the microbial community in their digestive tract, and the methane that they produce, has won the PLOS Genetics Research Prize for 2017. The winning research, a collaboration between Scotland's Rural College, The University of Edinburgh and The University of Aberdeen, UK was reported last year in PLOS Genetics.



Palau ocean sustainability linked to tourist consumption of reef fish

Wed, 20 Sep 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Nippon Foundation-Nereus Program) Reducing tourist consumption of reef fish is critical for Palau's ocean sustainability, finds a new Nippon Foundation-UBC Nereus Program study published today in Marine Policy. While climate change is expected to lead to sharp declines in Palau's reefs, the best tourism management strategy includes a more than 70 per cent reduction in reef fish consumption by visitors. These findings are highly relevant for sustainable development in small island developing states under climate change.