Last Build Date: Sun, 23 Apr 2017 17:09:01 EDTCopyright: Copyright 2017 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.
Sat, 22 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(European Association for the Study of the Liver) New data presented at The International Liver Congress 2017 in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, suggests that colder and less sunny regions of the world have higher rates of alcoholic cirrhosis, a disease caused by excessive drinking which results in irreversible scarring of the liver. An international team of scientists found that every increase in temperature of one degree Celsius was linked with a decrease in the alcohol-attributable fraction of cirrhosis of 0.3 percent.
Fri, 21 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(Indiana University) Wind-driven expansion of marsh ponds on the Mississippi River Delta is a significant factor in the loss of crucial land in the Delta region, according to research published by scientists at Indiana University and North Carolina State University. The study found that 17 percent of land loss in the area resulted from pond expansion, much of it caused by waves that eroded away the edges of the pond.
Fri, 21 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(University of Pennsylvania) In a forum on global urbanization, biodiversity and policy held at the University of Pennsylvania School of Design April 21, Richard Weller, Martin and Margy Meyerson Chair of Urbanism and Professor and Chair of Landscape Architecture, will present the results of a three-year research project entitled Atlas for the End of the World, which will be published online at http://atlas-for-the-end-of-the-world.com.
Fri, 21 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) The first tropical storm of the Atlantic Ocean hurricane season formed 40 days before the official kick off of the season. Tropical Storm Arlene formed in the North Central Atlantic Ocean and NOAA's GOES-East satellite provided forecasters with a look at the storm, swirling far from land areas.
Fri, 21 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(Stanford University) Many companies want to know how the creation of their products affects the environment. Scientists at Stanford, the University of Minnesota and Unilever have found a way to better predict and quantify environmental impacts.
Thu, 20 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(University of California - San Diego) The BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico was the largest maritime oil spill in US history. Almost seven years to the day after the start of the environmental disaster, researchers have published a price tag of the damage done to natural resources: $17.2 billion.
Thu, 20 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(University of Illinois at Chicago) 'Untrouble the Waters' features Great Lakes mayors, environmental advocates and community leaders who will address critical issues impacting the Great Lakes region.
Thu, 20 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(American Statistical Association) Confronting evidence that the global climate is changing rapidly relative to historical trends, researchers at North Carolina State University have developed a new statistical model that, when applied to the loblolly pine tree populations in the southeastern United States, will benefit forest landowners and the forest industry in future decades. The research, titled 'Optimal Seed Deployment Under Climate Change Using Spatial Models: Application to Loblolly Pine in the Southeastern US' appears in the Journal of The American Statistical Association.
Thu, 20 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(University of Georgia) Marine biologists James Hollibaugh and Sylvia Schaefer found that rising water temperatures could disrupt ocean food webs and lead to the release of more greenhouse gases.
Thu, 20 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) A low pressure area in the Atlantic Ocean, located southwest of the Azores was designated as Subtropical Depression One on April 19 as NASA examined its rainfall. By April 20 it had become the Atlantic's first tropical depression.
Thu, 20 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(University of Nevada, Reno) A new study at the University of Nevada, Reno has found a potential way to reduce the environmental presence of Triclosan, an antimicrobial that is also linked to problems with antibiotic resistance.
Thu, 20 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(Clemson University) For the first time, scientists have created a global map measuring the cooling effect forests generate by regulating the exchange of water and energy between the Earth's surface and the atmosphere. The information offers a valuable new tool in efforts to mitigate climate change, according to an article recently published in the journal Nature Climate Change.
Thu, 20 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center) NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite spotted the remnants of Tropical Cyclone 02W southeast of Taiwan in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean as the system was dissipating.
Thu, 20 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(Clemson University) Simona Onori, an assistant professor, is working to reduce fine-particle emissions in gasoline direct injection engines. She has received a $500,000 CAREER award from the National Science Foundation.
Thu, 20 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(American Geophysical Union) The American Geophysical Union (AGU) today published a collection of 27 essays as commentaries in its scientific journals highlighting the important role Earth and space science research plays in society.
Thu, 20 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(Concordia University) A unique international study has debunked the popular view that Antarctica and the Southern Ocean are in much better ecological shape than the rest of the world.
Thu, 20 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(University of Cambridge) A failure to celebrate conservation successes means we miss vital opportunities to convince the public of 'real and practical solutions' they can engage with. Cambridge conservationists will unite with colleagues across the globe to champion environmental victories and show there is cause for hope -- the decisive component in the fight to save disappearing biodiversity.
Thu, 20 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland) VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland is coordinating the 5G-Safe project, which aims to reduce traffic accidents. This involves the development of new vehicular network solutions and the local road weather and safety services they enable, in support of drivers, road operators and autonomous vehicle management systems.
Thu, 20 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(Virginia Tech) The 2010 BP Deepwater Horizon oil spill did $17.2 billion in damage to the natural resources in the Gulf of Mexico, a team of scientists recently found after a six-year study of the impact of the largest oil spill in US history.
Thu, 20 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(European Geosciences Union) In the first ecosystem-wide study of changing sea depths at five large coral reef tracts in Florida, the Caribbean and Hawai'i, researchers found the sea floor is eroding in all five places, and the reefs cannot keep pace with sea level rise. As a result, coastal communities protected by the reefs are facing increased risks from storms, waves and erosion. The study, by the US Geological Survey (USGS), is published today in Biogeosciences.
Thu, 20 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(Rights and Resources Initiative) Indigenous Peoples, local communities from 30 different countries are demanding respect for their land rights. Despite clear evidence that communities are the best guardians of their lands and the world's forests -- highlighted in a new policy brief -- governments are giving the go-ahead to dams, coal mines, palm oil plantations, and other projects that rob the forests' customary owners of their homes and livelihoods, and threaten the climate and resources we all depend on.
Thu, 20 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(Entomological Society of America) Score one for the brown marmorated stink bug, again. Since the pernicious pest arrived in the United States nearly 20 years ago, it has proven difficult to fend off, attacking crops in the summer and invading homes in the fall and winter. And, as a team of researchers has recently found, one of the leading monitoring methods for the stink bug may only be effective for half of the year.
Wed, 19 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences) The agricultural irrigation affects the regional climate mainly through changing the surface water process. Using water resources in the Yellow River basin is challenging due to the drought and increasing water consumption. The agriculture irrigation will also lead to a greater probability of cloud formation which then impacted the spatial distribution of surface sir temperature and precipitation.
Wed, 19 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(Stanford's School of Earth, Energy & Environmental Sciences ) Stanford research shows plugging methane leaks will cost about a third less than the EPA estimates, further underscoring the cost-effectiveness of emissions mitigation -- but the agency will also likely fall short of its 2025 reduction targets.
Wed, 19 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT(Wildlife Conservation Society) The following statement was issued today by Wildlife Conservation Society President and CEO Cristian Samper on the importance of science to wildlife conservation: