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EurekAlert! - Agriculture

The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Last Build Date: Tue, 27 Jun 2017 05:03:02 EDT

Copyright: Copyright 2017 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.

UC Riverside molecular biochemist named to German National Academy of Sciences

Mon, 26 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of California - Riverside) Katayoon Dehesh, director of the Institute for Integrative Genome Biology and the Ernst and Helen Leibacher Endowed Chair in Botany and Plant Sciences at the University of California, Riverside, has been elected to the Leopoldina, the German National Academy of Sciences. Founded in 1652, the Leopoldina is one of the oldest academies of science in the world, with a membership that has included such luminaries as Marie Curie, Charles Darwin, Albert Einstein, and Max Planck.

Ten million tons of fish wasted every year despite declining fish stocks

Mon, 26 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of British Columbia) Industrial fishing fleets dump nearly 10 million tons of good fish back into the ocean every year, according to Sea Around Us research.

New method to rapidly map the 'social networks' of proteins

Mon, 26 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Salk Institute) Salk scientists improved upon a classic approach to mapping the interactions between proteins.

The beach time capsule

Mon, 26 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of California - Santa Barbara) And to think it was all right there in her garage.A load of boxes pulled from biologist Dale Straughan's home yielded a veritable treasure trove for UC Santa Barbara researchers studying the impact of climate change on coastal biodiversity in California.

Predicting future outcomes in the natural world

Mon, 26 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Miami) When pesticides and intentional fires fail to eradicate an invasive plant species, declaring biological war may be the best option.

UT-ORNL to shepherd US-China Transdisciplinary Environmental Research Network

Mon, 26 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture) A new grant sponsored by the National Science Foundation will support a research network designed to identify transdisciplinary research opportunities for scientists in the United States and China working to achieve sustainable use of natural resources for food, energy and water systems. The project is expected to add new conduits for information exchange, student training opportunities, and collaborative efforts between US and Chinese researchers in the broad sustainability and environmental change arena.

Hot cities spell bad news for bees

Mon, 26 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(North Carolina State University) A new study from North Carolina State University finds that common wild bee species decline as urban temperatures increase.

Panda love spreads to benefit the planet

Mon, 26 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Michigan State University) Loving pandas isn't just a feel-good activity. Recent Michigan State University (MSU) work shows China's decades of defending panda turf have been good not just for the beloved bears, but also protects habitat for other valuable plants and animals, boosts biodiversity and fights climate change.

Latest advances in malaria research in free eBook by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press

Mon, 26 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory) Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press (CSHLP) today announced a grant from the J.C. Flowers Foundation (JCFF) to support the free eBook distribution of the research monograph, Malaria: Biology in the Era of Eradication. JCFF funding enables this newly published title to reach scientists, clinicians and care-givers throughout malaria-endemic areas such as Africa, Southeast Asia, and South America.

Could humans ever regenerate a heart? A new study suggests the answer is 'yes'

Mon, 26 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Florida) A new study's findings point to potential for tweaking communication between human genes and advancing our ability to treat heart conditions and stimulate regenerative healing.

Monitoring changes in wetland extent can help predict the rate of climate change

Mon, 26 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Exeter) Monitoring changes to the amount of wetlands in regions where permafrost is thawing should be at the forefront of efforts to predict future rates of climate change, new research shows.

Vinegar: A cheap and simple way to help plants fight drought

Mon, 26 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(RIKEN) Researchers at the RIKEN Center for Sustainable Resource Science (CSRS) have discovered a new, yet simple, way to increase drought tolerance in a wide range of plants. Published in Nature Plants, the study reports a newly discovered biological pathway that is activated in times of drought. By working out the details of this pathway, scientists were able to induce greater tolerance for drought-like conditions simply by growing plants in vinegar.

Biodiversity loss from deep-sea mining will be unavoidable

Mon, 26 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Duke University) Biodiversity losses from deep-sea mining are unavoidable and possibly irrevocable, an international team of scientists, economists and lawyers argue. They say the International Seabed Authority, which is responsible for regulating undersea mining in areas outside national jurisdictions, must recognize the risk and communicate it clearly to member states and the public to spur discussions as to whether deep-seabed mining should proceed, and if so, what safeguards are needed to minimize biodiversity loss.

Steelhead trout population declines linked with poor survival of young fish in the ocean

Mon, 26 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Canadian Science Publishing) Researchers find declining survival of juvenile steelhead trout in the ocean is strongly coupled with significant declines in populations of wild and hatchery steelhead in the Pacific Northwest

Peanut family secret for making chemical building blocks revealed

Mon, 26 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Wisconsin-Madison) The peanut and its kin -- legumes -- have not one, but two ways to make the amino acid tyrosine. That might seem small, but why this plant family has a unique way to make such an important chemical building block is a mystery that extends back to the 1960s and is one that has captured the attention of Hiroshi Maeda, a professor of botany at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Pulling the tablecloth out from under essential metabolism

Mon, 26 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Washington University in St. Louis) Most organisms share the biosynthetic pathways for making crucial nutrients because it is is dangerous to tinker with them. But now a collaborative team of scientists has caught plants in the process of altering where and how cells make an essential amino acid.

Lending plants a hand to survive drought

Sun, 25 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Australian National University) A research team led by the Australian National University has found a new way to help plants better survive drought by enhancing their natural ability to preserve water.

New 3-D model predicts best planting practices for farmers

Fri, 23 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) The University of Illinois and the Partner Institute for Computational Biology in Shanghai developed a computer model to predict the yield of different crop cultivars in a multitude of planting conditions. Published in BioEnergy Research, the model depicts the growth of 3-D plants, incorporating models of the biochemical and biophysical processes that underlie productivity.

Dune ecosystem modelling

Fri, 23 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Freiburg) Using the acacia as an example, researchers show that the location has an effect on interaction with other species.

Sweet bribes for ants are key to crops bearing fruit, study shows

Fri, 23 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Edinburgh) Some flowering crops, such as beans and cotton, carefully manage the amount and sweetness of nectar produced on their flowers and leaves, to recruit colonising ants which deter herbivores. This strategy balances their needs for defence and reproduction.

NUS study: Plants sacrifice 'daughters' to survive chilly weather

Fri, 23 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(National University of Singapore) A new study by a team of plant biologists from the National University of Singapore found that some plants may selectively kill part of their roots to survive under cold weather conditions.

New research reveals impact of seismic surveys on zooplankton

Fri, 23 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Tasmania - Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies) Marine seismic surveys used in petroleum exploration could cause a two to three-fold increase in mortality of adult and larval zooplankton, new research published in leading science journal Nature Ecology and Evolution has found. Scientists from IMAS and the Centre for Marine Science and Technology (CMST) at Curtin University studied the impact of commercial seismic surveys on zooplankton populations by carrying out tests using seismic air guns in the ocean off Southern Tasmania.

Turtle go-slow zone extensions needed

Thu, 22 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(James Cook University) James Cook University marine scientists are calling for an extension of go-slow zones in turtle habitats to reduce boat strikes on the threatened creatures.

Bacterial organizational complexities revealed

Thu, 22 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Michigan State University) For the first time, scientists have visualized the fine details of bacterial microcompartment shells -- the organisms' submicroscopic nanoreactors, which are comprised completely of protein.

A rising star

Thu, 22 Jun 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of California - Santa Barbara) It's a tiny marine invertebrate, no more than 3 millimeters in size. But closely related to humans, Botryllus schlosseri might hold the key to new treatments for cancer and a host of vascular diseases.