Last Build Date: Sat, 22 Oct 2016 05:03:01 EDTCopyright: Copyright 2016 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of Exeter) Fish farms may hold key to studying the impact of rising CO2 on marine life, and if fish could adapt to climate change.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(INSEAD) New research has found that people can be encouraged to choose smaller, healthier portions, without compromising on enjoyment in a win for public health, business and consumers.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center El Paso) Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center El Paso has received a $351,721 continuing grant from the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board (THECB). This highly competitive grant, awarded through the THECB's Primary Care Innovation Grant program, recognizes innovative medical school programs that focus on increasing the number of primary care physicians in Texas.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Earlham Institute) The Earlham Institue establishes the first UK dedicated high-performance computing (HPC) cluster for international data portal 'CyVerse' -- providing free, open-source genome analysis for big data research.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(KU Leuven) Only a small share of Congolese villagers is the driving force behind most of the deforestation. They're not felling trees to feed their families, but to increase their quality of life. These findings are based on fieldwork by bioscience engineer Pieter Moonen from KU Leuven (University of Leuven), Belgium. They indicate that international programmes aiming to slow down tropical deforestation are not sufficiently taking local farmers into account.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(John Innes Centre) A new paper from scientists at the John Innes Centre in Norwich explains why plant breeders have found it difficult to produce wheat varieties which combine high yield and good resistance to Septoria, a disease in wheat which can cut yield losses by up to 50 percent. It traces the problem back to decisions made nearly 60 years ago.
Thu, 20 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(RIKEN) In research published today in Science, an international team of researchers led by scientists at the RIKEN Center for Sustainable Resource Science in Japan, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, China, and the University of California, Los Angeles, have uncovered the mechanisms through which cryptochrome 2 -- a key photoreceptor that allows plants to respond to blue light -- is switched on and off, allowing plants to remain responsive to light.
Thu, 20 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of California - Berkeley) The common laboratory frog Xenopus laevis has puzzled researchers because it has twice the normal number of genes. A newly published genome sequence shows why: between 15 and 20 million years ago, two different species interbred and produced a hybrid, which then mated with its parent species to eventually form a new organism with a doubled genome. The frog has since adapted to the excess by losing or disabling many of these genes.
Thu, 20 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of California - Los Angeles) A UCLA-led international team of life scientists reports the discovery of new mechanisms regulating plant growth that quite possibly provide new insights into how the mammalian biological clock affects human health.
Thu, 20 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture) A paper coauthored by Carlos Trejo-Pech, assistant professor of agribusiness finance in the University of Tennessee Institute of Agriculture Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, has received the 2016 Best Paper Award in academic research from the Financial Education Association (FEA). 'Assessing the CFA University Recognition Program: A Survey Based Analysis,' was coauthored with Terrance Grieb and Magdy Noguera from the University of Idaho.
Thu, 20 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Drexel University) Ordering an Italian main course? According to a Drexel University food science researcher, if you want to be certain you'll enjoy your meal, you should probably get the spring rolls to start. Jacob Lahne, Ph,D,, an assistant professor in the Center for Hospitality and Sport Management, recently found that a categorical mismatch of cuisine could result in an overall more enjoyable meal.
Thu, 20 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(American Society of Agronomy) Variety of topics available for media registration.
Thu, 20 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution) A new multiyear study has shown for the first time how changes in ocean temperature affect a key species of phytoplankton. The study tracked levels of Synechococcus -- a tiny bacterium common in marine ecosystems -- near the coast of Massachusetts over a 13-year period. As ocean temperatures increased during that time, annual blooms of Synechococcus occurred up to four weeks earlier than usual because cells divide faster in warmer conditions, the study found.
Thu, 20 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Cell Press) In 2015, a Nobel Prize was awarded in part for the discovery of artemisinin, a plant-derived compound that's proven to be a lifesaver in treating malaria. Yet many people who need the drug are not able to access it, in part because it's difficult to grow the plant that's the compound's source. Now, research has shown that tobacco plants can be engineered to manufacture the drug at therapeutic levels. The study appears in Molecular Plant.
Wed, 19 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of East Anglia) A study into freshwater lake management along the Amazon's most meandering river has demonstrated astounding benefits to local livelihoods in replenishing vitally important fish stocks -- a source of much-needed food and income.
Wed, 19 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Oregon State University) Populations of coral reef fish in shallower, more vulnerable habitats likely owe at least some of their sustainability to the prodigious reproductive abilities of large, old counterparts that dwell at greater depths, a recent study suggests.
Wed, 19 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Ruhr-University Bochum) Rockcress of the Arabidopsis halleri species is known to possess the capability of settling on hostile, heavy metal-contaminated soil. It stores extraordinary high concentrations of certain toxic heavy metals in its leaves: a rare property. Researchers from Bochum and Bayreuth have analysed approx. 2,000 specimens of this species from 165 locations throughout Europe. In this process, they identified overwhelming diversity that has arisen among plants of the same species over the course of evolution.
Wed, 19 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Institute of Food Technologists) A review article published in Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety summarized the functional properties of grain vinegars and fruit vinegars and compared the functional ingredients, sources, and formation mechanisms of grain and fruit vinegars.
Wed, 19 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Institute of Food Technologists) A study published in the Journal of Food Science found that adding a small amount of Chardonnay grape seed pomace, a waste stream of wine production, to coffee may augment the antioxidant capacity of the beverage without significantly altering the appearance, taste or aroma.
Wed, 19 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Institute of Food Technologists) A new scientific study shows that eating cheese may actually increase how much someone likes the wine they are drinking. The study, published in the October issue of the Journal of Food Science, used a new sensory evaluation method and found consuming cheese while drinking wine impacted the description and preference of different wines.
Wed, 19 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Cornell Food & Brand Lab) Facebook and Pinterest love infographics. But what makes an infographic effective? A new study published in the American Journal of Health Behavior identified four key features that make infographics memorable and effective in promoting healthy changes.
Wed, 19 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(National Institute of Food and Agriculture ) The US Department of Agriculture's National Institute of Food and Agriculture today announced more than $4.7 million in grants for food safety education, training and technical assistance projects for producers who are impacted by the new food safety guidelines established by the Food and Drug Administration under the Food Safety Modernization Act.
Wed, 19 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(American Society for Horticultural Science) Researchers used low-dose applications of a surfactant film coating (SFC) in experiments with two species of turfgrass. Perennial ryegrass density, cover, and aboveground biomass from the SFC were ≈47%, 48%, and 46% greater than untreated seed, respectively. Tall fescue density, cover, and aboveground biomass from the SFC seeds were ≈22%, 23%, and 28% greater than untreated seed, respectively. The study demonstrated that SFC can promote seed germination and enhance turfgrass establishment under deficit irrigation.
Wed, 19 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(American Society for Horticultural Science) In analyses of 13 flowering pear triploids, relative female fertility was significantly reduced, ranging from 0.0% to 33.6%. Five accessions had a relative fertility of <2%. Cytometric analysis of seeds and seedlings from triploid maternal parents showed that they were predominantly abnormal aneuploids, typically resulting in seedlings with reduced fitness and fertility. The results indicate that selection of infertile cultivars can be a viable approach to reducing unwanted reseeding in flowering pear.
Wed, 19 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences) Hydrogen fuel cells produce electricity, we are increasingly thinking about hydrogen as the successor of crude oil. But where will the hydrogen come from? Its ecologically cleanest source could be industrial -- or even domestic! -- bioreactors with green algae. Their future construction will be possible thanks to an international team of researchers, who have for the first time precisely described the chemical reactions responsible for the stability of hydrogen generation in an aerobic environment by algal enzymes.