Last Build Date: Thu, 27 Oct 2016 13:00:01 EDTCopyright: Copyright 2016 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTMethamphetamine users who described themselves as impulsive were more likely to have started taking the drug at an earlier age, a study of more than 150 users showed.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTResearchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology have developed a system that teaches people Morse code within four hours using a series of vibrations felt near the ear. The findings demonstrate silent, eyes-free text entry on a mobile device without a keyboard.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTA recent Cochrane Review has found evidence from randomized trials, that taking an oral vitamin D supplement in addition to standard asthma medication is likely to reduce severe asthma attacks.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTSince it began operation in 1993, experiments on the C-Mod tokamak produced many new and important results.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTSLU researchers report new findings about how the immune system directs T cells to learn tolerance for the body's own cells.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTA robotic arm and a virtual game were essential tools in a new study from researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine. The study results suggest that while training doesn't change neurological repair in chronic stroke patients, it can indeed help such patients learn new motor skills and achieve more independence in their daily lives.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTAn electric current will not only heat a hybrid metamaterial, but will also trigger it to change state and fade into the background like a chameleon in what may be the proof-of-concept of the first controllable metamaterial device, or metadevice, according to a team of engineers.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTPlasma turbulence can help prevent small magnetic islands from growing and becoming harmful.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTCyclists should be riding at speeds between 12 and 20 kilometers per hour on city roads, while pedestrians should be moving at two to six kilometers per hour to minimize their inhalation of air pollution while still getting the health benefits of exercise, according to new UBC research.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTA slight increase in heating power can reduce the turbulence near the edge of the tokamak and cause the energy to leak much less.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTMany microorganisms produce secondary natural products, the potential antibioticeffects of which are extensively investigated. German scientists have now examined a class of quinone-like substancescontaining an additional epoxide functional group for their antibiotic activities. The compounds can kill problematic Salmonella pathogens, probably by interfering with theirbacterial stress response system.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTPhysics from Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics Lomonosov Moscow State University (SINP MSU) as a part of the team of Russian scientists have studied carbon structures, obtained from the reduced graphene oxide. Bolometer prototype created the on the basis of these structures. The article was published in ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces journal.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTEnzyme is crucial for combating antibiotic-resistant E. coli infections Research by bioscientists at the University of Kent and the University of Queensland is expected to pave the way for new approaches to kill bacteria that no longer respond to conventional antibiotics.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTA coordinated replication effort conducted across 17 labs found no evidence that surreptitiously inducing people to smile or frown affects their emotional state. The findings of the replication project are published as part of a Registered Replication Report (RRR) in Perspectives on Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTThe eerie glow of a dead star, which exploded long ago as a supernova, reveals itself in this NASA Hubble Space Telescope image of the Crab Nebula.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTA study by University at Buffalo researchers has shown that physicians in pediatric intensive care units are not using the newest guidelines to diagnose acute kidney injury (AKI) in critically ill children, a practice that could affect their patients' long-term health.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTPatients could soon be diagnosed with early-stage arthritis several years before the onset of physical and irreversible symptoms, thanks to a new test developed by researchers at the University of Warwick.Led by Dr. Naila Rabbani of Warwick Medical School, the researchers developed a test that can provide an early diagnosis of osteoarthritis (OA) and also distinguish this from early-stage rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and other self-resolving inflammatory joint disease.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTThe article, published recently in Open Chemistry may lead to the development of a process to remove uranium from wastewater at the front-end of the nuclear fuel cycle, or even extracting natural uranium from sea water.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTExperience tells us that a cylindrical glass with liquid empties when turned on its side, but a straw with liquid does not. An investigation led by the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) has studied under what conditions the liquid in question stays or flows, establishing how this depends on both the size and the shape of the tube. The results obtained are both surprising and counter-intuitive and have led to the application for several internationals patents.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTNASA's Aqua satellite passed Hurricane Seymour as it embarked on a fast weakening trend in the Eastern Pacific Ocean.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTSome scientists have an important, if morbid, job: They study the smell of decomposing human bodies. By understanding the chemical makeup of human cadaver smell, as opposed to the smell of other decomposing animals, forensic scientists could improve the training of cadaver dogs and corpse recovery efforts. Find out more about this macabre but meaningful work in the latest Speaking of Chemistry video: https://youtu.be/EffqGKU11qE.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTNew research shows that it is not only the size, but the shape of a tube that determines whether a liquid will spill out of it when tipped over.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTFour innovative studies exploring ways to reduce complications related to heart surgery or minimize patient mortality due to risks associated with low blood pressure and surgery were highlighted during the Anesthesiology Major Trials Session held at the ANESTHESIOLOGY® 2016 annual meeting.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTA new study from The University of Texas at Dallas shows that firms are significantly more likely to trade with countries that have large resident populations living near the headquarters.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTA team of researchers from Cardiff University and Monash Biomedicine Discovery Institute has succeeded in creating a 3-D mammary gland model that will pave the way for a better understanding of the mechanisms of breast cancer.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTSalmonella has a unique characteristic that allows the bacteria to penetrate through cell barriers and replicate inside its host. Now, scientists at the Cancer Research Center and the University of Missouri have developed a non-toxic strain of Salmonella to penetrate and target cancer cells. Results from this study could lead to promising new treatments that actively target and control the spread of cancer.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTSmart phone apps could offer patients with type 2 diabetes a highly effective method of self-managing their condition, concludes a study by Cardiff University.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTSex determination, dormancy, water balance: The phytohormone abscisic acid has branched out in the process of evolution. An international research team presents new insights on this subject in the science journal PNAS.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTRecent study into spider individuals collected from across China, Indonesia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam and Madagascar over the past 15 years, revealed the striking number of 43 scaffold web spiders that have stayed hidden from science until now. By describing the new species in a paper published in the open access journal ZooKeys, the scientists increase the number of a scaffold web spider family, known from around the world, with about twenty percents.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTA research team at the University of Montreal Hospital Research Centre (CRCHUM) has discovered that the ABHD6 enzyme in certain brain neurons plays a key role in controlling body weight.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTA new study finds that just a few natural gas wells account for more than half of the total volume of leaked methane gas in the United States.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTResearchers from the University of Granada (UGR) have expanded the genetic information available to date about the migratory locust (Locusta migratoria), an orthopteron responsible for devastating plagues in Africa due to its high mobility, as it is capable of flying at high speed with the wind (up to 20 kilometers per hour).
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTEliminating particulate matter from underground car parks in the city center of Eindhoven can result in local reductions in the concentration of these particles of up to 50 percent. Researchers from Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e) came to this conclusion on the basis of air flow models and computer simulations of the city center.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTMore humans than ever are exposed to higher levels of ionizing radiation from medical equipment, airplanes, etc. A new study suggests that this kind of radiation may be a confounding factor in the neurodegenerative disease Alzheimer's.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTThe ash dieback fungus could spread more quickly and affect more trees than previously expected, according to research at the University of Exeter.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTAn international research team has proved the existence of spin-spirals in a quantum liquid.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTA new analysis reveals unacceptable mortality rates in young US children with chronic liver disease while they are on transplant waiting lists as well as after transplantation.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTFruit flies deprived of specific essential nutrients alter their food choices -- and even the way they search for food. A team of neuroscientists, led by researchers from the Champalimaud Foundation in Lisbon, Portugal, 'dissected' these behaviors, a first step towards identifying the brain mechanisms that are behind these changes in feeding habits.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTResearch led by University of Leicester paves way for developing new treatments.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTHundreds of thousands of times a year in the US, a heart stops suddenly. Only one person in 10 survives a cardiac arrest, but new research shows a huge lack of studies aimed at improving care and survival.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTA new analysis suggests that Medicare should focus more on how well hospitals do at actually keeping patients alive during the first 30 days after a hospitalization, in addition to how well they do at keeping patients from being readmitted.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTThe number of people diagnosed with depression at psychiatric hospitals increases immediately after the transition from daylight saving time to standard time. This is the conclusion of a recent register-based study from Denmark. The study is based on analysis of 185,419 depression diagnoses registered in The Central Psychiatric Research Register between 1995 and 2012.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTMachines make our lives easier in many ways. Whether it's a smart thermostat that learns when to turn the heat on or automatic brakes, machines traffic in the language of classical calculus. Classical calculus is good enough to capture the basic features of biological or mechanical systems and even human behavior, but it paints a grainy picture. To provide a richer description of these systems, experts are turning to fractional calculus.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTTo the naked eye, ancient rocks may look completely inhospitable, but in reality, they can sustain an entire ecosystem of microbial communities in their fracture waters isolated from sunlight for millions, if not billions, of years. New scientific findings discovered the source of the essential energy to sustain the life kilometers below Earth's surface with implications for life not only on our planet but also on Mars.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTA group coordinated by SISSA Trieste has built a 3-D computer model of the human genome. The shape of DNA (and its sequence) affects biological processes and is crucial for understanding its function. The study has provided a first 3-D, approximate but realistic, identikit of the human genome. The structural reconstruction based on experimental information and statistical methods obtained will be refined as new experimental data become available. The study is published in Scientific Reports.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTMore than 4,000 children and teens are diagnosed with brain cancer each year and the disease kills more children than any other cancer. Writing this week in the journal Cell Reports, researchers at Huntsman Cancer Institute (HCI) at the University of Utah report they have identified an existing group of drugs that appear to reduce or eliminate a certain subgroup of childhood brain cancers while sparing normal brain tissue.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTNew research from the Annenberg School for Communication at Penn compared different ways that exercise programs motivate people to hit the gym. It found that competition was by far the most effective motivator.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTPeople with higher levels of psychopathic tendencies are more likely to assault their romantic partners. They are also more likely to drink alcohol, a UBC study has found.The study, which was conducted at UBC's Okanagan campus, involved looking at data and police reports involving 700 US civil psychiatric patients in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania as well as 870 students at UBC's campus in Kelowna, BC.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTScientists at Columbia University have identified a factor in liver cells that is responsible for turning AAFLD into a serious disease that can lead to liver failure.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTNational Institutes of Health (NIH) researchers have identified a novel role for a gene known as heat shock protein 60 (Hsp60), finding that it is critical in tissue regeneration and wound healing. The study found that topical treatment of an Hsp60-containing gel dramatically accelerates wound closure in a diabetic mouse mode
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTA team at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering has engineered an instrument that can 'breathe' in and out, actively smoke regular and electronic cigarettes much like a human, and then deliver the smoke to microfluidic organs-on-chips lined by human lung small airway cells isolated from non-smokers or COPD patients. The integrated smoking system enables a better understanding of smoke-related pathological changes in individual smokers, and could facilitate the discovery of more accurate biomarkers and new therapeutic targets.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTThe system, called PREDATOR, distinguishes between legitimate and malicious purchasers of new websites. The system yields important insights into how those two groups behave differently online even before the malicious users have done anything obviously bad or harmful. These early signs could help security professionals take preemptive measures, instead of waiting for a security threat to surface.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT'This study is a good wake-up call that health care personnel need to concentrate on the idea that the health care environment can be contaminated,' said Deverick Anderson, M.D., the study's lead author and associate professor of medicine at Duke University School of Medicine. 'Any type of patient care, or even just entry into a room where care is provided, truly should be considered a chance for interacting with organisms that can cause disease.'
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTMedicaid policies that require patients to go for tobacco-cessation counseling before they get a nicotine patch or some other type of anti- smoking drug actually lead to a reduction in the use of such medication, according to a new study. Medicaid agencies that adopted the policy did so because they thought it would give smokers an edge. But this study suggests that the policy did the opposite -- and actually lowered the use of anti-smoking medication by one-quarter to one-third.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTCrustaceans of the midwater ocean are covered with optical coatings on their legs and bodies that can dampen the reflection of light by 250-fold in some cases and prevent it from bouncing back to a hungry lantern fish's eye, finds a new study from Duke University and the Smithsonian Institution. Weirder still, these coatings appear to be made of living bacteria.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTDoes the location of colon cancer -- left or right side -- matter for survival? A new report published online by JAMA Oncology reviewed medical literature to examine the prognostic role of a primary colon cancer tumor being located on the left vs. right side.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTAmong older women residing in nursing homes, administration of cranberry capsules compared with placebo resulted in no significant difference in presence of bacteriuria plus pyuria (presence of bacteria and white blood cells in the urine, a sign of urinary tract infection), or in the number of episodes of UTIs over one year, according to a study published online by JAMA. The study is being released to coincide with its presentation at IDWeek 2016.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTRegular dental checkups significantly decrease the risk of pneumonia, according to new research being presented at IDWeek.Good oral hygiene reduces the amount of bacteria in the mouth, preventing the microbes from getting accidentally inhaled into the lungs and causing pneumonia, suggest researchers.People who never had dental checkups were 86 percent more likely to get pneumonia than those who saw a dentist twice a year.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTScientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have shown that supplementing healthy mice with a natural compound called NMN can compensate for the loss of energy production typical of the aging process. NMN-supplemented mice showed improved energy metabolism, reducing typical signs of aging such as gradual weight gain, loss of insulin sensitivity and declines in physical activity.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTFor the nearly 400,000 individuals around the world with hemophilia A and hemophilia B, relief may someday come from a treatment with similarities to another blood disorder, known as factor V Leiden.In a study published online today in Blood, the Journal of the American Society of Hematology, researchers report that they have developed a new therapy that gives the clotting process more time to produce thrombin, an enzyme needed for clotting.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTICU nurses' scrubs often are contaminated by bad bugs spread from the patient or surfaces in the room, finds an IDWeek 2016 study.Researchers identified a variety of bad bacteria, including MRSA, Klebsiella pneumoniae and others resistant to antibiotics.To reduce the spread of bad bugs in the hospital, hospitals need to be sure to closely follow infection control practices.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTThe common swift flies 10 months on end without landing. The hypothesis on these birds' life in the air was presented by British researcher Ron Lockley back in 1970, but it is only now that researchers at Lund University in Sweden have managed to prove the extreme lifestyle of the species. No other bird species remains in the air for as long without landing.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTA blood test that has shown promise in predicting how cancer will progress and what treatments will be most effective for a given patient may not be reliable for either, according to a new Penn Medicine study published this week in Cancer, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTA new method to determine how effectively immune cells kill their targets could help personalize immune therapies.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTUnderstanding how cells within tumors respond to drugs is a critical issue in anticancer drug development. In an article published in Cell Chemical Biology researchers from Uppsala University report a new approach to study cancer cells' reactions to treatments and present how it can be used to find new promising drug combinations.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTA newly discovered protein from a fungus is able to suppress the innate immune system of plants. This has been reported by research teams from Cologne and Würzburg in the journal Nature Communications.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTIn the past decade, ophthalmologists have been prescribing nutritional supplements to be taken daily to prevent or slow vision loss from age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Now, using nutritional supplements for eye health has become more common. But does increasing the recommended dose increase protection? A case report appearing online in JAMA Ophthalmology from the Moran Eye Center at the University of Utah reveals what can happen when a patient takes more of a supplement than their body needs.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTWhile developing, avian embryos draw calcium from the inner most layer of their eggshell, which in turn thins the eggshell and facilitates hatching. Yet, parasitic cuckoos, which lay their eggs in nests of other species, must maintain thick eggshells to avoid pecking and ejection by their foster parents. A new study shows that cuckoo eggs undergo degrees embryonic eggshell thinning similar to their host, thus maintaining thick-shelled eggs at all developmental stages.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTBy developing an atomic-scale picture of how the cancer-linked enzyme PP2A binds to other proteins, Brown University researchers have developed a new list of nearly 100 of its potential partners.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTWhat happens in intestinal epithelial cells during a chronic illness? Basic research conducted at the Technical University of Munich addressed this question by generating a new model system. Functioning mitochondria play a decisive role in cellular homeostasis, but what happens when an important player of the anti-stress program in mitochondria is switched off? On one hand, this leads to the loss of stem cells, but on the other, it sets healing processes in motion.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTBeginning in early elementary school, boys outperform girls in math -- especially among the highest achievers -- continuing a troubling pattern found in the late 1990s, finds a new analysis led by NYU's Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTResearchers have identified the cause of chronic, and currently untreatable, pain in those with amputations and severe nerve damage, as well as a potential treatment which relies on engineering instead of drugs.
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTResearchers have developed an airway-on-a-chip that supports living small-airway-lining cells from normal or diseased human lungs and an instrument that 'breathes' cigarette smoke in and out over these chips. Using this technology, researchers from the Wyss Institute at Harvard University recreated and analyzed the effects of smoking at the molecular, cellular, and tissue level to understand the damage occurring in normal lung and in engineered lung tissues from patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTCommon swifts are known for their impressive aerial abilities, capturing food and nest material while in flight. Now, by attaching data loggers to the birds, researchers reporting in the Cell Press journal Current Biology on Oct. 27 have confirmed what some had suspected: common swifts can go for most of the year (10 months!) without ever coming down.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTThe first direct observation of rotation and steps of the archaellum in a swimming archaeon use a novel 'cross-kymography' visualization method.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTA QUT report has found Australian schools could be more open to the use of YouTube and other social media platforms to embrace new trends in 'edutainment.' Hundreds of teachers, students, industry representatives and content providers were interviewed over a two year period for the report which found YouTube is by far the single most often used resource by time-poor teachers.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTResearchers at QUT have warned about the rising popularity of Do-It-Yourself (DIY) culture after a steep rise in the number of people falling from ladders.The new study into ladder-related falls over a decade has shown a 47 percent increase in the number of people being admitted to hospital.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTHigh levels of uric acid in the blood can accompany obesity, hypertension, and metabolic disorders, and have been linked to cognitive and memory deficits. In a new study in rats, researchers find a diet high in uric acid triggers inflammation in the hippocampus, an area of the brain critical for learning and memory. Blocking a specific protein pathway protects against inflammation in the hippocampus and cognitive dysfunction.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTHigh blood pressure in middle age can lead to impaired cognition and is a potential risk factor for Alzheimer's disease.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTNewly published data from the Long-Term Oxygen Treatment Trial (LOTT) show that oxygen use is not beneficial for most people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and moderately low levels of blood oxygen. It neither boosted their survival nor reduced hospital admissions for study participants. Previous research showed that long-term oxygen treatment improves survival in those with COPD and severely low levels of blood oxygen.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTScientists have detected high levels of a toxin produced by freshwater algae in mussels from San Francisco Bay. Although shellfish harvested from California's coastal waters are monitored for toxins produced by marine algae, they are not routinely tested for this freshwater toxin, called microcystin.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTAsthma caused by adult exposure to cockroach detritus is blocked in mice that were vaccinated as newborns with a particular bacteria, Enterobacter that expresses alpha-1,3-glucan molecules on its surface. Previous studies by the same lead investigator, published in 2012 and 2015, showed that neonatal vaccination of mice with Streptococcus pyogenes and Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria prevented adult asthma after exposure to the fungal allergen Aspergillus fumigatus and house dust mites, respectively.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTIn a remarkable 'two for one' discovery, scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have illuminated a key molecular player in the addictive effects of morphine in animal models.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTFor the first time, NIH researchers have demonstrated in mice that gene therapy may be the best method for correcting the single faulty gene that causes Niemann-Pick disease, type C1 (NPC1), a rare and fatal disorder of the central nervous system.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTChildren from New York City who engaged in vigorous daily exercise had greater exposure to black carbon, a traffic pollutant, than children who were less active, according to Columbia University researchers.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTYes, money can lead to happiness, but how much debt one has should also be considered in the money-happiness equation, according to a new a study from Purdue University.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTA new species of dragonfly with a bluish waxy body coating has been described by Brazilian researchers, that are investigating whether the wax serves as a kind of sunscreen to protect the male's body from solar radiation since the insect is exposed to sunlight for many hours every day.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTTropical Cyclone 3B, now named Kyant continued to move in a westerly direction across the Bay of Bengal, Northern Indian Ocean, as NASA's Terra satellite captured an image of the storm.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTIn all parts of the United States, the number of neighborhoods that sustain a mix of black, white, Asian and Hispanic residents over time is growing quickly, a new study finds.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTNew research identifies four organizational and administrative factors that can decrease teacher turnover and lift student test scores in math
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTNanoscience research involves molecules 100 times smaller than cancer cells with the potential to profoundly improve the quality of our health and our lives. Now nine prominent nanoscientists look ahead to what we can expect in the coming decade, and conclude that nanoscience is poised to make important contributions in many areas, including health care, electronics, energy, food and water.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTResearchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center's Hamon Center for Regenerative Science and Medicine have identified a pathway essential to heart formation and, in the process, unveiled a mechanism that may explain how some previously puzzling segments of the genome work.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTOne of the biggest surprises about rising income inequality in the United States may be that economic factors aren't the biggest cause, a new study suggests.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTPsychologist Brenda Major identifies what may be a key factor in many white Americans' support for Donald Trump.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTBetter communication about how educational research can impact public policy may improve educational equity, according to a new paper from Rice University.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTBiologists at the University of Utah recently used light-weight geolocation technology to follow a species of songbird on its 10,000-kilometer migration from the Middle East to sub-Saharan Africa.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTA research group led by the American Museum of Natural History and global wild cat conservation organization Panthera has published the largest gene-based survey of its kind on wild jaguar populations in Mesoamerica. The analysis is based on nearly 450 jaguar scat samples collected in Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, and Mexico. This work identifies areas of conservation concern for Mesoamerican jaguars and underscores the importance of large-scale genetic monitoring efforts for this near-threatened, and elusive, carnivore species.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTPeople diagnosed with multiple myeloma are more likely to live longer if they are treated at a medical center that sees many patients with this blood cancer. Mayo Clinic researchers published these findings today in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTThe latest study from a Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH)/Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) team investigating the mechanisms underlying general anesthesia finds that stimulating a specific group of neurons in mice produces signs of arousal even as the animals continue to receive the anesthetic drug isoflurane.
Wed, 26 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDTA rare triple-star system surrounded by a disk with a spiral structure has been discovered by a University of Oklahoma-led research team.