Last Build Date: Thu, 27 Apr 2017 20:21:01 EDTCopyright: Copyright 2017 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTIndividuals with a slender lower face are about 25 percent more likely to be left-handed. This unexpected finding was identified in 13,536 individuals who participated in three national surveys conducted in the United States. This association may shed new light on the origins of left-handedness, as slender jaws have also been associated with susceptibility to tuberculosis, a disease that has shaped human evolution and which today affects 2 billion people.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTClimate change may be putting cyanobacteria that are crucial to the functioning of the ocean at risk as the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere increases and the acidity of ocean water changes.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTFood insecurity (FI) affects nearly 795 million people worldwide. Although a complex phenomenon encompassing food availability, affordability, utilization, and even the social norms that define acceptable ways to acquire food, FI can affect people's health beyond its impact on nutrition. A new study published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine determined that FI was associated with poorer mental health and specific psychosocial stressors across global regions (149 countries), independent of individuals' socioeconomic status.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTRice University scientists discover a method to rapidly trigger the universal tagging of proteins being produced by a cell. The tagging can be turned on like a switch, which enables researchers to acquire a snapshot of proteins being produced by a cell at a given time.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTReading supportive comments, 'likes' and private messages from social media friends prior to taking a test may help college students who have high levels of test-anxiety significantly reduce their nervousness and improve their scores, a new study by University of Illinois computer science researchers suggests.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTDr. Gary Vercruysse, a UA-Banner burn surgeon, and his colleagues are seeing a rise in burns from electronic cigarettes. Their study appears in the May 2017 issue of the journal Burns and points to lithium ion battery failure as the culprit.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTResearchers at NRL have developed a breakthrough alternative to fire-prone lithium-ion batteries.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTAlthough people living in consumer-based cultures such as the US often believe that they will be happier if they acquire more money, the findings of a newly published paper by a University at Buffalo research team suggest that there may be downsides to this pursuit.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTIn an Allina Health study, the LifeCourse care model improved patient experience and reduced costs for people with serious illnesses. Researchers say the model is ready for replication.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTElderly patients with early-stage esophageal cancer that received treatment had an increased 5-year overall survival when compared to patients who received observation with no treatment.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTResearchers hope to one day use stem cells to heal burns, patch damaged heart tissue, even grow kidneys and other transplantable organs from scratch.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTVertical wind shear can weaken a tropical cyclone and that's what's happening to the now weaker Tropical Depression Muifa in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean. NASA gathered rainfall information about the storm as wind shear continued to weaken it.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTExpectant mothers need not be concerned that they are more prone to develop melanoma, or will have a worse prognosis if they do get this serious skin cancer, than women who are not pregnant, according to study results published online as an 'article in press' on the Journal of the American College of Surgeons website ahead of print publication.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTIce cores drilled from a glacier in a cave in Transylvania offer new evidence of how Europe's winter weather and climate patterns fluctuated during the last 10,000 years, known as the Holocene period.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTGirls start believing they aren't good at math, science and even computers at a young age -- but providing fun STEM activities at school and home may spark interest and inspire confidence. A study from the University of Washington's Institute for Learning & Brain Sciences (I-LABS) finds that, when exposed to a computer-programming activity, 6-year-old girls expressed greater interest in technology and more positive attitudes about their own skills and abilities than girls who didn't try the activity.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTTropical Storm Frances has formed in the Beagle Gulf, east of the Timor Sea near Darwin, Australia, and NASA's Aqua satellite captured a clear image of the storm.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTAn analysis just published online has broken new ground by finding gender differences in both symptoms and diagnoses of depression appearing at age 12.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTLegal marijuana shops are linked to higher levels of property crime in nearby areas, according to a nearly three-year study in Denver.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTChildren in low-income families have an increased chance of thriving when their caregiver relationships include certain positive characteristics, according to new research. Using data from more than 2,200 low-income families surveyed as part of the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, researchers found that school-age children who reported high levels of parent involvement and supervision were more likely to report behaviors associated with positive emotional development and social growth.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTWorry -- it does a body good. And, the mind as well. A new paper by Kate Sweeny, psychology professor at the University of California, Riverside, argues there's an upside to worrying.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTInvestigators report that an ingestible electronic capsule, complete with a capsule-sized antenna capable of receiving a radio signal wirelessly, can safely power a device in the gastrointestinal tract in preclinical models.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTLutein and zeaxanthin isomers -- known as the macular carotenoids -- are traditionally associated with eye health, but researchers at the University of Georgia found an interesting connection to their function in brain health, showing that they improved psychological stress levels and reduced serum cortisol. The LAMA II (an acronym for Lutein, Vision and Mental Acuity II) study was the subject of a recent paper, which was published in the journal Nutritional Neuroscience, 2017 (Stringham, et al.).
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTThe significant presence of multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteria (MDR-GNB), such as E. coli, among nursing home residents demonstrates the need for heightened infection control prevention and control measures in nursing homes, according to a meta-analysis published in the May issue of the American Journal of Infection Control, the official journal of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC).
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTPutting a turbo engine into an old car gives it an entirely new life -- suddenly it can go further, faster. That same idea is now being applied to neuroscience, with a software wrapper that can be used on existing neuron tracing algorithms to boost their ability to handle not just big, but enormous sets of data. The wrapper, called UltraTracer, is highlighted this month in Nature Methods.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTAn annual survey led by researchers at the Virginia Institute of Marine Science shows the abundance of underwater grasses in Chesapeake Bay increased 8 percent between 2015 and 2016, continuing an upward trend initiated in 2012.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTTackling complex biomedical research increasingly requires the development of new approaches to facilitate innovative, creative and impactful discoveries. A group of scientists from Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) show that a team science approach is critical to solving complex biomedical problems and advancing discoveries in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of human disease.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTOur bodies are constantly under siege by foreign invaders; viruses, bacteria and parasites that want to infiltrate our cells. Using rooster testes, scientists shed light on how germ cells -- sperm and egg -- protect themselves from viruses so that they can pass accurate genetic information to the next generation. The findings could help researchers better fight viruses in chickens and in people.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTThe molecule CD103 is key to the long-term residence of T cells in the skin and to their anti-tumor function, report a collaborative team of researchers at the Medical University of South Carolina and Dartmouth In the April 14, 2017 Science Immunology. This finding supplements the ground-breaking discovery by the Dartmouth researchers that T cells residing in the skin are responsible for a potent anti-tumor response against melanoma.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTp38α is a protein involved in chronic inflammatory diseases and cancer, among other pathological conditions.Published in the journal eLife, the study provides a deeper understanding of the structure of this protein, thereby paving the way for the development of more effective inhibitors.These findings are the result of combining fundamental biological data using computational techniques.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTResearchers at Lawson Health Research Institute, Western University and Brescia University College found that women who used marijuana while pregnant were almost three times more likely to have an infant with low birth weight. It is the first large-scale study in Canada to show this association between maternal marijuana use and low birth weight infants.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTResearchers are beginning to gain a clearer understanding of how the immune system responds, in both a reactive and tolerant way, to gene therapy delivered using what has become the preferred gene delivery vector, adeno-associated viruses (AAV). A new review that takes a comprehensive look at both the AAV-mediated immune reactivation response to gene transfer and the role that regulatory and exhausted T cells play in the development of tolerance to AAV.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTPublic health researchers from Tufts and colleagues conducted a spatial epidemiology study to identify hotspot clusters of hepatitis C infections in Massachusetts. The information may help to make the best use of funding for education, prevention, testing, and treatment.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTAnimals can match their background to avoid detection by predators. For instance, numerous species have evolved color patterns that help them blend into their surroundings and avoid predators -- a phenomenon called crypsis. A new experimental study found that ghost crabs in the Solomon Islands may achieve crypsis by actively choosing to live in sand background that matches their body color.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTLittle is known about which specific areas of the brain contribute to a patient's epileptic network or the roles these different areas play. As a group of researchers in Germany now reports this week in Chaos, one way to get closer to the complex wiring of the human brain is by merging concepts from a timed-based synchronization theory and space-based network theory to construct functional brain networks.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTNew research from the National Institutes of Health found that pairing the antidepressant amitriptyline with drugs designed to treat central nervous system diseases, enhances drug delivery to the brain by inhibiting the blood-brain barrier in rats. The blood-brain barrier serves as a natural, protective boundary, preventing most drugs from entering the brain. The research, performed in rats, appeared online April 27 in the Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTIn 'Minority Report,' the protagonist uses gloves that give him the power of virtual manipulation. The light seems to allow him to control the screen as if it were a touchscreen, but he's touching nothing but air. That technology is still science fiction, but a new study may bring it closer to reality. Researchers report in Applied Physics Letters that they have discovered the photodielectric effect, which could lead to laser-controlled touch displays.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTHow has thermal comfort changed in recent decades over China against the background of the global warming? Scientists carried out an investigation over the Chinese mainland using the index of effective temperature (ET), which combines the effects of temperature, humidity and wind speed.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTThe use of human hair-derived keratin biomaterials to regenerate skeletal muscle has shown promise in new research that documents significant increases in both new muscle tissue formation and muscle function among mouse models of volumetric muscle loss.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTThe ability of some Western conifer forests to recover after severe fire may become increasingly limited as the climate continues to warm, scientists from the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute (SCBI) and Harvard Forest found in a new study published today in Global Change Biology.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTResearchers at University College London (UCL) and the Western Eye Hospital have developed a simple, inexpensive diagnostic tool DARC (Detection of Apoptosing Retinal Cells). In clinical trials it allowed for the first time visualization of individual nerve cell death in patients with glaucoma. Early detection means doctors can start treatments before sight loss begins. Initial clinical trials will be published in BRAIN. Ongoing trials are investigating the potential of the test for other neurodegenerative conditions.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTLess than half of Americans can recognize anxiety. Most people don't know what to do about depression even when they spot it. And nearly 8 in 10 don't recognize prescription drug abuse as a treatable problem.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTA systematic review of the published literature on yoga practice and common menstrual disorders found that all of the studies evaluated reported a beneficial effect and reduced symptoms.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTIn a special issue of Biological Psychiatry titled 'Cortical Excitation-Inhibition Balance and Dysfunction in Psychiatric Disorders', guest editors Dr. Alan Anticevic and Dr. John Murray, both of Yale University, bring together seven reviews that highlight advancements in understanding the balance of excitatory and inhibitory signaling in the brain, and what might happen when it goes awry.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTThe sediments forming the layers or strata at archaeological sites can be very rich in bone remains, but until now their possible fossil DNA content had not attracted the attention of paleoanthropologists. Now, a new technique developed by an international team, in which the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) has participated, allows the remains of groups of hominids in these sediments to be traced, even in caves or in strata which have no skeletal remains. The results are published in the latest issue of Science.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTEvery year, worldwide wine industry suffers losses of more than ten billion US dollars from damaged assets, production losses, and lost profits due to extreme weather events and natural disasters. A multidisciplinary European-Australian team of researchers led by Dr. James Daniell of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) examines the extent to which regions are affected by the risks and how climate change influences wine industry.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTA new study shows that, ironically, wanting to have more self-control could actually be an obstacle to achieving it. It appears that the mere existence of a desire for self-control undermines one's confidence and brings one to disengage from self-control challenges (regardless of one's actual level of self-control).
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT11.5 percent of bullying victims have extreme desire to have cosmetic surgery, as well as 3.4 percent of bullies and 8.8 percent of teenagers who both bully and are bullied -- compared with less than 1 percent of those who are unaffected by bullying.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTSome mushrooms produce long-chain unsaturated carboxylic acids as their chemical defense against insect larvae. The biosynthesis of these polyenes relies on only one enzyme, as German scientists have now discovered. In the journal Angewandte Chemie, they report the unprecedented multiple double-bond-shifting activity by the enzyme, which is representative of a yet uncharacterized phylogenetic clade of polyketide synthases.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTTwo new species of African mole-rat have been discovered by researchers at Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), together with colleagues in Tanzania and at the University of Pretoria.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTThe study may hold implications in future clinical applications concerning more efficient vaccine development or treatment of autoimmune diseases.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTIn a theoretical study supervised by MIPT's Prof. Vladimir Volkov, Zhanna Devizorova, a Ph.D. student at MIPT solved the system of Weyl's equations for two valleys "by hand" taking into account the derived boundary conditions, thus analytically finding the shape of Fermi arcs. In effect, they offered a quantitative as well as qualitative description of experimental data and proved that Fermi arc formation is mainly driven by strong intervalley interaction under Weyl fermion scattering on crystal surface.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTInternational action is needed to tackle a global shortage of medicine in Western nations which could hinder the ability of doctors to treat diphtheria, experts have warned.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTResearch led by University of Leicester and University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust reveals 'transformative outcomes' for patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTIn sparrowhawks diversity in frailty and robustness helps females live longer.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTA new study found no evidence that a commercially available e-cigarette vapor promotes the development of cancer in laboratory cells. In contrast, smoke from a reference cigarette was positive for cancer-promoting activity at very low concentrations.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTLeave campaigners were not only victorious in the June 2016 Brexit vote but also in the battle of the twittersphere, a new study in the British Journal of Politics and International Relations reports.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTThe cold-water coral Lophelia pertusa is able to counteract negative effects of ocean acidification under controlled laboratory conditions when water temperature rises by a few degrees at the same time. Whether this will also be possible in the natural habitat depends on the degree of change in environmental conditions, researchers from GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel argue in a publication in the journal Frontiers in Marine Science.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTPhotocatalysis induced by light absorption of metal nanoparticles (NPs) has emerged as a promising strategy for exploiting efficient visible-light-responsive composites for solar-energy conversion. Lequan Liu et al. from the TU-NIMS International Collaboration Laboratory, Tianjin University, reviewed the mechanisms proposed, its application and possible strategies in promoting catalytic activity of metal-induced photocatalysis (MIP). This work, entitled 'Metal nanoparticles induced photocatalysis,' was published in National Science Review.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTA clinical trial funded by Arthritis Research UK and the National Institute for Health Research led by professors from the universities of Liverpool and Bristol has discovered a drug combination that could help thousands of children with arthritis.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTResearchers have developed a new theoretical framework to identify computations that occupy the 'quantum frontier' -- the boundary at which problems become impossible for today's computers and can only be solved by a quantum computer. The team, whose work was highlighted in the first edition of Quantum journal this week, demonstrate that these computations can be performed with near-term, intermediate, quantum computers.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTAn international consortium, with the participation of the Helmholtz Zentrum München, Plant Genome and Systems Biology Department (PGSB), has published methodologically significant data on the barley genome. Their findings are contributing to the development of resistant varieties. The publication appeared in Nature.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTThe Iranian-Tibetan Plateaus have both dynamic and thermal influences on Asian climate and global circulation. Scientists have been puzzled the mechanism of the influence. Now researchers in Beijing have identified the interactions and feedbacks among the heating over the two plateaus and circulation as well as the associated impacts of such interactions on Asian summer monsoon.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTNew research in Frontiers in Psychology demonstrated through an extensive series of EEG measurements and statistical tests that mental practice of the dynamic Qigong technique Wu Qin Xi has the same effect on EEG brain activity as physical training of Qigong.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTResearch from The Australian National University (ANU) has cast doubt on a method used in forensic science to determine whether skeletal remains are of a person who has given birth.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTJohns Hopkins researchers report that an analysis of survey responses and health records of more than 10,000 American adults for nearly 20 years suggests a 'synergistic' link between exercise and good vitamin D levels in reducing the risk of heart attacks and strokes.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTFor the first time, researchers have measured the force that draws tiny crystals together and visualized how they swivel and align. Called van der Waals forces, the attraction provides insights into how crystals self-assemble, an activity that occurs in a wide range of cases in nature, from rocks to shells to bones.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTAfter some serious number crunching, a UBC researcher has come up with a mathematical model for a viable time machine.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTThe results of the study show that the medical history of a pregnant woman's mother and aunts should also be taken into account when considering the risk of pregnancy complications such as premature birth.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTEPFL scientists have combined 3-D-printing with electroplating to easily produce high-quality metal electrodes that can be used as a molecular beam-splitter.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTA team of researchers has discovered that many Canadian lakes can provide new insights into ancient oceans, and their findings could advance research about greenhouse gas emissions, harmful algal blooms, and early life forms.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTUsing CRISPR technology, a team of researchers led by Farshid Guilak, Ph.D., at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, rewired stem cells' genetic circuits to produce an anti-inflammatory arthritis drug when the cells encounter inflammation. The technique eventually could act as a vaccine for arthritis and other chronic conditions.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTExplorers planning to settle on Mars might be able to turn the planet's soil into bricks without needing to use an oven or additional ingredients. Instead, they would need to apply pressure to compact the soil--the equivalent of a blow from a hammer. These are findings of a study published in Nature Scientific Reports on April 27, 2017. The study was authored by a team of engineers at the University of California San Diego.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTResearchers have developed a new method to retrieve hominin DNA from cave sediments -- even in the absence of skeletal remains.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTPatients at risk of developing bowel cancer can significantly benefit from a follow-up colonoscopy, finds research published today in Lancet Oncology.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTAnalysis of the drugs that were approved for use by the NHS Cancer Drugs Fund (CDF) in England has shown that the fund was not good value for patients and society and may have resulted in patients suffering unnecessarily from toxic side effects of the drugs. The review by Professor Richard Sullivan and Dr. Ajay Aggarwal is published in Annals of Oncology with an accompanying editorial by Dr. Kapil Dhingra.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTApproximately 25 percent of eyes deemed to be normal based on dilated eye examination by a primary eye care ophthalmologist or optometrist had macular characteristics that indicated age-related macular degeneration (AMD), according to a study published by JAMA Ophthalmology.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTA collaborative Cleveland Clinic, University of Oxford and Moffitt Cancer Center team of researchers has proven the theory that, while resistance to targeted treatment in cancer is truly a moving target, there are opportunities to overcome the resistance that develops.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTThe majority of women suffering with pain when urinating, or needing to urinate often or urgently probably do have a bacterial infection, even when nothing is detected by standard urine testing.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTUniversity of Adelaide researchers have constructed a marine food web to show how climate change could affect our future fish supplies and marine biodiversity.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTA new RAND report identifies the likely concerns of North Korean elites about their possible fates under various unification scenarios and recommends actions that the Republic of Korea (ROK), also known as South Korea, could take now to help North Korean elites feel more positive about, or at least less resistant to, unification.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTA team of astronomers has made the first measurements of small-scale ripples in primeval hydrogen gas using rare double quasars.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTMellitus, LLC reports publication of results from a prospective, investigator-initiated study conducted at Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) demonstrating the potential clinical utility of glycated CD59 (GCD59) as a novel biomarker for the screening and diagnosis of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTCommunity college students who borrow up to $1,999 in student loans during their first two years of community college complete 17 percent fewer academic credits in that same time period than their peers who take out $2,000 to $3,999 in loans or do not take out any loans at all. This finding and more were published in a new study out today in The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science (a SAGE Publishing journal).
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTScientists from the University of Bristol have looked at all 14,500 participants in Children of the 90s and found that if a girl's maternal grandmother smoked during pregnancy, the girl is 67 percent more likely to display certain traits linked to autism, such as poor social communication skills and repetitive behaviors.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTPrice peaks of wheat on the world market are mainly caused by production shocks such as induced for example by droughts, researchers found. These shocks get exacerbated by low storage levels as well as protective trade policies, the analysis of global data deriving from the US Department of Agriculture shows. In contrast to widespread assumptions, neither speculation across stock or commodity markets nor land-use for biofuel production were decisive for annual wheat price changes in the past four decades.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTA new study published in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes [EASD]) reveals that overweight and obese individuals with early stage type 2 diabetes (T2D) had more severe and progressive abnormalities in brain structure and cognition compared to normal-weight study participants.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTIDIBELL scientists have recreated and characterized the process of acquisition of resistance to chemotherapy in orthotopic animal models of breast cancer, unveiling the possibility of reversing this resistance after a period of rest from the treatment.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTResearchers have found that a single measurement of GCD59, a novel biomarker for diabetes, at weeks 24-28 of gestation identified, with high sensitivity and specificity, women who failed the glucose challenge test as well as women with gestational diabetes. It was also associated with the probability of delivering a large-for-gestational-age newborn.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTSubstances produced by a harmful bacterium in the lungs of cystic fibrosis patients may enhance the growth of other bacteria that, in turn, inhibit the harmful bacterium's biofilm, according to new research published in PLOS Pathogens.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTTwenty one EU/EEA countries have developed or are in the process of developing systems to digitally record information about vaccination, according to a new 'ECDC survey report on immunization information systems implementation and system characteristics'. Fourteen of these countries already have a system in place, whereas innovative systems are being piloted in 7 countries.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTWhile increased carbon dioxide levels theoretically boost the productivity of nitrogen-fixing bacteria in the world's oceans, because of its 'fertilizing' effect, a new study reveals how increasingly acidic seawater featuring higher levels of this gas can overwhelm these benefits, hampering the essential service these bacteria provide for marine life.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTAnalyses of 14 ancient horse genomes reveal the significant selective pressures domestication put on these animals, and highlight a relatively recent loss in their genetic diversity.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTIn cave sediments lacking skeletal remains, scientists report having found DNA from ancient humans.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTResearchers have developed a risk calculator that estimates the risk of kidney failure after donation. Overall risk was low, but black race and male sex were associated with increased risks of developing kidney failure in living kidney donors. Older age was associated with greater kidney failure risk in nonblack donors, but not in in black donors. Higher BMI and a close biological relationship to the recipient were also associated with increased risks of kidney failure.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTGlucoracle is a new app for people with type 2 diabetes that uses a personalized algorithm to predict the impact of particular foods on blood sugar levels.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTIn an important step toward endoscopic diagnosis of cancer, researchers have developed a handheld fiber optic probe that can be used to perform multiple nonlinear imaging techniques without the need for tissue staining.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTColumbia scientists have identified a gene that allows neurons that release serotonin to evenly spread their branches throughout the brain. Without this gene, these branches become entangled, leading to haphazard serotonin distribution, and signs of depression in mice. These observations shed light on how neuronal wiring is critical to overall brain health, while also revealing a promising new research focus for psychiatric disorders associated with serotonin imbalance -- such as depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and autism.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTA new study led by Professor Ludovic Orlando and published in Science unveils the secrets of horse breeding by Iron Age Scythian nomads. The genomes reconstructed from 14 archaeological horses also provide important insights into the process of animal domestication, supporting changes in the neural crest development pathway as key to the emergence of common domestic traits and revealing major changes in breeding practice during the last 2,300 years.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTPotentially preventable hospital acquired complications were associated with increased risks of dying while hospitalized or within 90 days of discharge, as well as with a greater likelihood of staying longer in the hospital and needing to be readmitted. The magnitude of these associations was larger in patients with chronic kidney disease than in those with normal kidney function.
Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDTThe synchronization of brainwaves among students during class reflects how much they like the class and each other, a team of neuroscientists has found.