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Preview: Growing Orchids For Beginners

Growing Orchids For Beginners



Growing Orchids For Beginners. Growing orchids at home, growing orchids in doors and in greenhouses. Find all the information you need to succeed in growing orchids.



Updated: 2018-03-06T19:25:51.674+00:00

 



Epidendrum Ibaguense

2010-11-12T16:12:46.679+00:00

Epidendrum ibaguense:

Native habitat: This orchid originates from Mexico and throughout the tropical South American countries where it is found growing in soil and on rocks.

Description: In its natural environment, the stems or canes grow to a staggering 10m, but under greenhouse conditions, more commonly to 1m. It produces and abundance of flowers which form into a tight bloom, up to 4cm in diameter, and is available in a range of colours including magenta, yellow, orange and even white. The leaves are fleshy and grow to 10cm long. Aerial roots and new growths appear from the leaf joints.

Flowering season: This plant flowers throughout the year and a specimen plant can be in perpetual bloom.

Cultivation: A medium range compost, full sun and cultivation in a wide rang of growing conditions is acceptable. This is a really adaptive orchid to grow.

Synonyms: Epidendrum pratense, Epidendrum radicans, Epidendrum rhizophorum, Epidendrum calanthum, Epidendrum decipens and Epidendrum fulgens.



Encyclia Radiata

2010-11-12T16:03:24.549+00:00

Encyclia radiata:

Native habitat: This orchid can be found in a number of South American countries, including Hondurus, Costa Rica, Guatemala and Mexico where it grows in mixed forest at altitudes of 200 to 2,000m.

Description: Each flower spike contains four to eight thickly textured, fragrant flowers. The sepals and petals are ivory and the lip is ivory with dark red veins radiating from the centre. Like other members of the encyclia family, the pseudobulbs are club shaped in appearance. They grow to 10cm in height and each produces two leaves from the top of the bulb which grow to 25cm long.

Flowering season: The flowering season is summer to Autumn when an inflorescence up to 17.5cm long appears from the top of the pseudobulb.

Cultivation: A medium grade compost and light shade are required.

Synonyms: Epidendrum radiatum and Epidendrum marginatum



Encyclia Pentotis

2010-11-12T15:53:51.020+00:00

(image) Encyclia pentotis:

Native habitat: This orchid thrives in the region stretching from Mexico to Columbia.

Description: The sepals and petals are ivory white while the lip is also white with dark red or purple veins radiating from the centre. The flowers are up to 7.5cm in diameter, have virtually no stem and are very fragrant. The pseudobulbs form into a slight club shape and grow up to 40cm long. Each produces two rather tough leaves from the top, measuring up to 30cm long.

Flowering season: The flowering season is late spring to early summer when two flowers appear, back to back, from the top of the pseudobulbs.

Cultivation: A medium grade bark compost and light to medium shade. This orchid is unusually accommodating and thrives in a cool, intermediate or warm house. Its long, narrow shape is ideally suited to growth in a wooden basket suspended from the roof of your greenhouse. It needs a semi dry rest in Winter.

Synonyms: Epidendrum baculus, Epidendrum fragrans, Epidendrum acuminatum, Epidendrum beyrodtianum, Epidendrum confusm and Encyclia baculus.



Oncidium Incurvum

2010-11-12T15:40:12.012+00:00

Oncidium incurvum:

Native habitat: This orchid is a native of Mexico where it grows at altitudes of 1,000 to 1,500m.

Description: This plant produces several inflorescence's, each up to 1.5m long. The flowers are white striped with bars of violet, up to 2.5m in diameter with twisted sepals and petals. The flowers on this plant are very slow to open, they can take up to a year to bloom from the appearance of the inflorescence. The pseudobulbs are up to 10cm high and, with age, tend to form surface indentations. They produce two leaves, each up to 40cm long from the top of the bulb and several additional leaves from the base of the bulb.

Flowering season: Autumn.

Cultivation: A fine to medium grade compost, light shade and cultivation in an intermediate house are required. The plant will need to be well watered in summer and given little in winter. It grows well indoors and makes an ideal houseplant.



Oncidium Flexuosum

2010-11-12T15:28:12.522+00:00

Oncidium flexuosum:

Native habitat: This orchid is a native of Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina and Uruguay.

Description: The inflorescence has an arching habit, grows to 1m and produces an abundance of flowers. The flowers are tiny, only 2.5cm in diameter. The small sepals and petals are golden yellow with reddish brown markings, while the comparatively large lip is yellow with reddish brown markings towards the centre. The pseudobulbs are up to 7.5cm high and produce two leaves, each up to 30cm long, at the top of the bulb.

Flowering season: Autumn and Winter.

Cultivation: A medium grade compost, dappled shade and cultivation in an intermediate house environment are required.

Synonyms: Oncidium haematochrysum, Oncidium haematoxanthum and Epidendrum lineatum.



Dendrobiumm Bellatulum

2010-11-12T12:23:43.082+00:00

Dendrobiumm bellatulum:

Native habitat: This orchid is native of Burma, China, Thailand and Vietnam where it grows at altitudes of 1,000 to 1,500m.

Description: The flowers are fragrant and up to 3cm in diameter. The sepals and petals are white and the lip is yellow with a deep red smudge near the centre. The canes are up to 6cm tall with two leaves protruding from the top which are up to 5cm long and covered in short, black hairs.

Flowering season: The flowering season is in spring when one to three appear on the short inflorescence from nodes near the top of the cane.

Cultivation: A medium to coarse grade compost, light shade and cultivation in an intermediate house environment are required. This plant can be successfully grown on cork bark.



Coelogyne Mooreana 'Craggwood'

2010-11-12T12:16:44.185+00:00

Coelogyne mooreana:

Native habitat: This orchid is a native of Vietnam where it grows at altitudes of 1,200m.

History: It was named after F.W More of the Glasnevin Botanic Gardens in Dublin.

Description: The inflorescence is up to 50cm tall and produces four to eight fragrant flowers, each up to 10cm in diameter. The sepals and petals are transparent white and the lip is white with a yellow and orange smudge in the centre. The pseudobulbs are up to 7.5cm high which, with age, tend to form surface indentations. They produce two thick, glossy leaves, each up to 40cm long and 2.5cm in diameter, which protrude from the top of the bulbs.

Flowering season: Spring and Summer.

Cultivation: A medium to coarse grade compost, light to dappled light is needed with cultivation in an intermediate house environment is required.



Aspasia Lunata

2010-11-12T11:51:33.504+00:00

Aspasia lunata:

Native habitat: This epiphytic orchid originates from Brazil where it grows on trees from sea level to over 1,000m.

Description: The inflorescence is up to 7.5cm tall and produces one or two flowers which are fragrant, long lasting and up to 4cm in height. The sepals and petals are light green with purplish brown mottling, while the lip is white with a violet stain towards the centre. The pseudobulbs are up to 5cm in height, and produce one or two leaves up to 20cm long from the top of the bulb.

Flowering season: Spring.

Cultivation: A medium grade compost, dappled shade and cultivation in a intermediate house is needed.

Synonyms: Odontoglossum lunatum and Trophianthus zonatus.



Vanda Cristata

2010-11-12T11:45:44.710+00:00

Vanda cristata:

Native habitat: This orchid is a native of Nepal, Bhutan and India (Sikkim) where it grows at high latitudes.

Description: The flowers are long lasting, fragrant, up to 5cm in diameter and have yellow green sepals and petals, a white lip and dark red marking. The stems are up to 15cm tall, with stiff, leathery leaves each up to 15cm long.

Cultivation: A medium grade compost is needed and cultivation in a cool to intermediate house is needed. This orchid is ideally suited to growing in a wooden basket or on a bark slab.

Synonyms: Vanda striata and Aerides cristatum.



Thunia Marshalliana

2010-11-12T11:38:20.700+00:00

Thunia marshalliana:

Native habitat: This orchid is a native of Burma, China and Thailand.

Description: The flowers are up to 10cm in diameter. The sepals and petals are white and the fringed lip is white with an orange red centre. The stems are up to 1.2m tall with pale glaucous leaves which emerge from joints along the centre length. Offsets appear at the top of the stems and, once these have roots, they can be severed and potted to increase stocks of the plant.

Flowering season: Summer when the inflorescence appears from the top of the stems and produces up to ten flowers.

Cultivation: A fine to medium grade compost, medium shade and cultivation in a cool to intermediate house is required. This plant should be given to a hard rest from the time the leaves drop until new growth appears.



Symphyglossum Sanguineum

2010-11-12T11:31:32.833+00:00

Symphyglossum sanguineum:

Native habitat: This orchid is a native of Equador.

Description: The inflorescence grows to 50cm long and produces abundant flowers from several branches. The long lasting flowers grow to a mere 2cm in diameter and are bright red. The lip has white markings at the top. The flowers do no fully open so the lip is often partially obscured by the sepals and petals. The pseudobulbs grow to 5cm high and produce one or two leaves up to 20cm long.

Flowering season: Autumn and Spring.

Cultivation: A fine to medium grade compost is needed with dappled shade and cultivation in a cool to intermediate house environment is required.

Synonyms: Mesopinidium cochliodum and Cochlioda sanguinea.



Rossioglossum Grande

2010-11-12T11:20:00.914+00:00

Rossioglossum grande:

Native habitat: This orchid is a native of Mexico and Guatemala where it grow at altitudes of over 2,700m.

History: It was discovered in 1839 by George Ure Skinner, a professional plant hunter, who sent samples to plant collector, James Bateman. If first flowered in Britain in 1841 at Woburn Abbey.

Description: The flower spikes appear from the base of the bulb in summer and can grow to a height of 30cm. They each produce two to six flowers which grow to 15cm in diameter and have a waxy, artificial appearance. The petals are reddish brown at the centre fading to yellow at the tips. The pseudobulbs grow to 10cm high and produce two or three thick, dark green leaves up to 30cm long from the top of the bulb. The underside of the leaves are speckled light brown which can be mistaken for red spider mite damage.

Flowering season: In ideal conditions it flowers twice a year, but if it flowers only once it is in Autumn.

Cultivation: This plant requires a less humid environment than other orchids and also appreciates lots of light, therefore, in summer it should be grown in a cool to intermediate house, and positioned in light shade. In Winter it should have no shade at all. Ideally, it should be potted in coarse grade bark compost in a wooden basket to accommodate its thick roots and suspended from the roof of the greenhouse in order to gain the best light and drier air. It should receive a dry rest in winter. It is ideally suited to growing indoors as a houseplant.

Synonym: The very centre of the flower contorts to affect a shape and character not unlike that of a clown, which explains its common name: Clown Orchid.



Paphiopedilum Villosum

2010-11-12T11:07:33.481+00:00

Paphiopedilum villosum:

Native habitat: This orchid is a native of India, Thailand and Burma and grows at altitudes of 1,000m and above.

Description: The inflorescence grows to 17.5cm high and is covered with long, dark purple hairs. It produces flowers up to 15cm in diameter which have a glossy, varnished appearance. The dorsal sepal is green with white edges and brown markings. The petals are light brown and the pouch is a light brown and orange yellow on the inside. The flowers normally last as long as eight weeks. New growth appears in Autumn, producing leaves up to 40cm long.

Flowering season: Winter.

Cultivation: A fine to medium grade compost is needed, with dappled to heavy shade and cultivation in a cool to intermediate house is ideal. This variety of Paphiopedillums is very easy to cultivate and is, therefore, a good variety for beginners to orchid growing.

Synonym: Cypripedium villosum.



Osmoglossum Pulchellum

2010-11-11T12:27:44.629+00:00

Osmoglossum pulchellum:

Native habitat: This orchid is a native of several South American countries including Guatemala, Cost Rica, Mexico and El Salvador, where it grows at altitudes of 2,500m.

Description: The flower spikes appear from the base of the bulb in winter. They grow to 50cm long and produce six to ten flowers. The flowers are up to 2cm in diameter and are white with a yellow smudge at the uppermost part of the lip. The pseudobulbs grow to 10cm tall and produce two leaves, each measuring to 30cm long, from the top of the bulb.

Flowering season: Spring.

Cultivation: A fine grade compost, with dappled shade and cultivation in a cool to intermediate house environment is required.

Synonym: Odontoglossum pulchellum.

Points of interest: This orchid is often called the 'Lily of the Valley orchid' because of its powerful scent.



Oncidium Tigrinum

2010-11-11T11:41:05.147+00:00

Oncidium tigrinum:

Native habitat: This orchid is a native of Mexico where it grows at altitudes of 2,000 to 2,500m.

Description: Several inflorescence's grow to 90cm high and produce abundant flowers. The flowers grow to 7.5cm long and are very fragrant. The sepals and petals are yellow striped with bars of brown and the larger lip is bright yellow. The pseudobulbs grow to 10cm high and produce two or three leaves from the top of the bulb, each of which grows to 40cm long.

Flowering season: Autumn.

Cultivation: A medium grade compost, light shade and cultivation in a cool to intermediate house environment is needed. It should be given a rest in Winter months.



Oncidium Raniferum

2010-11-11T11:13:53.800+00:00

Oncidium raniferum:

Native habitat: This orchid is a native of Brazil.

Description: The inflorescence, which grows to 30cm high, has several branches and produces abundant flowers. The flowers are 1.5cm long, bright yellow with orange red markings at the top of the lip. The pseudobulbs grow to 5cm high and produce two leaves, each up to 15cm long, from the top of the bulb. With age, they tend to form surface indentations.

Flowering season: Spring.

Cultivation: A fine to medium grade compost, light shade and cultivation in a cool to intermediate house environment is required. Although the flowers are tiny, they grow in abundance making this a very attractive plant for the greenhouse and an ideal houseplant.



Oncidium Ornithorynchum

2010-11-11T10:39:18.154+00:00

Oncidium ornithorynchum:

Native habitat: This orchid is a native of several South American countries including Guatemala, El Salvador, Costa Rica and Mexico.

Description: Each pseudobulb produces at least two inflorescence's. These grow to 30cm long and have many branches which produce abundant flowers. The flowers are fragrant, approximately 2cm long and are lilac with yellow marking marking at the top of the lip. The pseudobulbs grow to 6cm and produce two leaves, each up to 20cm long, from the top of the bulb.

Flowering season: Autumn.

Cultivation: A fine grade compost is needed, with light shade and cultivation in a cool to intermediate house is needed. It needs a short rest in Winter.



Oncidium Longipes

2010-11-11T10:18:19.400+00:00

Oncidium longipes:

Native habitat: This orchid is a native of Brazil.

Description: The inflorescence can grow to 15cm long. Each spike produces three to five long lasting flowers, each measuring up to 3.5cm in diameter. The sepals and petals are yellow green and the lip is yellow with reddish brown markings. The pseudobulbs are up to 2.5cm high and with age tend to form surface indentations. They produce two leaves, each measuring up to 15cm long, from the top of the bulb.

Flowering season: Spring.

Cultivation: A fine grade compost, light shade and cultivation in a cool to intermediate house are needed. This plant is ideally suited to growing on a bark slab where it quickly becomes a specimen plant.



Odontoglossum Stellatum

2010-11-11T10:10:30.722+00:00

Odontoglossum stellatum:

Native habitat: This orchid is a native of Guatemala and Mexico where it grows on the tree moss.

Description: The inflorescence grows to 15cm tall and produces one or two star shaped flowers, each approximately 4cm in diameter. The sepals and petals are light brown with yellow edges while the lip is dark lilac graduating to pale lilac at the edge. The pseudobulbs grow to 5cm in height and produce a single leaf, up to 15cm long, from the top of the bulb.

Flowering season: Winter.

Cultivation: A fine grade compost is needed, with dappled shade and cultivation in a cool to intermediate house environment.

Synonyms: Odontoglussum erosum and Oncidium ersoum.



Odontoglossum Rossii

2010-11-11T10:18:32.635+00:00

Odontoglossum rossii:

Native habitat: This orchid is a native of Guatemala, Mexico, Honduras and Nicaragua where it grows at altitudes of 3,000m.

Description: The inflorescence grows to 20cm high and produces two to five flowers, each of which grows to 7.5cm in diameter. The petals and lip are white, while the sepals are white with brown spotting. With specific varieties, the lip can also be pink. The pseudobulbs grow to 5cm in height and produce a single leaf, up to 20cm long, from the top.

Flowering season: Winter.

Cultivation: It is relatively easy to grow this variety into a specimen plant.

Synonyms: Odontoglossum caerulescens, Odontoglossum rubescens, Odontoglossum Warnerianum, Odontoglossum Youngii and Odontoglossum Dawsonianum.



Odontoglossum Laeve

2010-11-11T09:50:34.371+00:00

Odontoglossum laeve:

Native habitat: This orchid is a native of Mexico and Guatemala where it grows at altitudes as high as 1,600m.

Description: The inflorescence grows to 1m in height and produces many branches. The flowers are scented and grow to 7.5cm in diameter. The sepals and petals are yellow green delicately striped with purplish brown bars while the lip is dark lilac graduating to pale lilac at the bottom. The pseudobulbs grow to 10cm high and produce two leaves, each up to 45cm from the top of the bulb. This plant requires a hard rest, i.e no water, when the bulbs are fully grown to ensure a successful flowering season. With age, they tend to form surface indentations.

Flowering season: Spring.

Cultivation: A medium grade compost, dappled shade and cultivation in a cool house is required.



Odontoglossum Cordatum

2010-11-11T09:42:46.681+00:00

Odontoglossum cordatum:

Native habitat: This orchid originates from Mexico and many other parts of Central America.

Description: The flower spike blossom in the spring following its appearance from the base of the newly grown pseudobulb the previous Autumn. The inflorescence is up to 60cm long and has an arching habit. It produces up to twelve flowers, each of which grows to 7.5cm in diameter. The flowers are yellow with heavy brown markings, while the lip has white markings near the top. The pseudobulbs are up to 7.5cm high and produces up to six bright green leaves approximately 30cm long, one to two protruding from the top of the bulb. Each pseudobulb grows slightly higher than its predecessor making this plant ideal for cultivating on bark or in a wooden basket.

Flowering season: Spring.

Cultivation: The plants thick roots, some of which are aerial, require a medium to coarse grade compost, light to medium shade and cultivation in a cool to intermediate house.



Odontoglossum Cervantesii

2010-11-11T09:43:01.378+00:00

Odontoglossum cervantesii:

Native habitat: This orchid is native of Mexico and Guatemala where it grows at altitudes of 1,500 to 3,000m.

History: It was named after Vincentio Cervantes, the Mexican botanist who discovered it.

Description: Flower spikes to 30cm long, each producing up to five flowers. The flowers are up to 5cm in diameter and have white sepals. The petals are also white with brown rings around the centre. The lip is white with with a golden yellow smudge at the top. Each pseudobulb grows to 6cm and produces a single leaf up to 15cm in length from the top of the bulb. This plant grows and flowers well indoors.

Flowering season: Winter and Spring.

Cultivation: Medium shade, fine to medium grade compost and cultivation in a cool to intermediate house environment is required.



Odontoglossum Bictoniense

2010-11-10T10:00:00.045+00:00

Odontoglossum bictoniense:

Native habitat: This orchid is a native of Mexico, El Salvador and Guatemala where it grows at altitudes of 1,500 to 3,200m.

History: It first flowered in Britain at Bicton in Devon as part of the collection of Lord Rolle and was subsequently named after the estate.

Description: Flower spikes grow to 1m high, each producing up to forty flowers, 5cm in diameter. The sepals and petals are green with brown markings and the lip can be a range of colours, from white to cerise. The pseudobulbs grow to 15cm high, each producing up to seven leaves which are 40cm long.

Flowering season: Summer and Autumn.

Cultivation: A coarse grade compost, light to medium shade and cultivation in a cool to intermediate house environment are required. The variety 'alba' has paler leaves and is not so vigorous. It willingly flowers indoors, making it a popular orchid to grow as a houseplant.

Propagation: New growths often appear from old bulbs giving multiple leads, which means that a specimen plant is easy to cultivate.



Masdevallia Amabilis

2010-11-10T09:42:53.110+00:00

Masdevallia amabilis:

Native habitat: This orchid is native to Peru where it grows in the Andes at high altitudes.

Description: The flowers are up to 2.5cm in diameter, 5cm in length, and are magenta with red veins and orange yellow tails. It produces leathery leaves up to15cm long. It produces no pseudobulbs and should, therefore, never be allowed to dry out.

Flowering season: The flowering season is winter when single flowered spikes up to 25cm long appear from the base of the leaves.

Cultivation: A medium grade compost, light shade and cultivation in a cool to intermediate house environment are required.