Last Build Date: Fri, 21 Oct 2016 14:12:02 EDTCopyright: Copyright 2016 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of Exeter) Fish farms may hold key to studying the impact of rising CO2 on marine life, and if fish could adapt to climate change.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Society for Neuroscience) Check out these newsworthy studies from the Oct. 19, 2016, issue of JNeurosci.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Colorado State University) Colorado State University, home to some of the world's top researchers on methane emissions, will lead a Department of Energy-supported project to analyze emissions from a specific part of the natural gas supply chain: compressor stations. The new project will help scientists develop a more complete picture of overall emissions.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Kent State University) A $450,000 grant from the National Institutes of Health will help biology professor Colleen Novak, Ph.D., from Kent State University's College of Arts and Sciences better understand how the body allocates energy and burns fat.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Earlham Institute) The Earlham Institue establishes the first UK dedicated high-performance computing (HPC) cluster for international data portal 'CyVerse' -- providing free, open-source genome analysis for big data research.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of Liverpool) New research from the University of Liverpool highlights problems impacting on the cognitive development of children in sub-Saharan Africa.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Springer) Two new papers published in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes [EASD]) reveal the importance of both the amount and timing of physical activity in reducing the risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D), as well as aiding the management of the disease in existing T2D patients.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Technische Universität Dresden) The research team of Dr. Caghan Kizil at the DFG-Center for Regenerative Therapies Dresden -- Cluster of Excellence at the TU Dresden, achieved a major advance in Alzheimer's research. They showed how a diseased vertebrate brain can naturally react to Alzheimer's pathology by forming more neurons.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Springer) In 1937, US physicist Isidor Rabi introduced a simple model to describe how atoms emit and absorb particles of light. Until now, this model had still not been completely explained. In a recent paper, physicists have used an exact numerical technique. These findings were recently published in EPJ D by Dr Flottat from the Nice -Sophia Antipolis Non Linear Institute (INLN) in France and colleagues. They confirm previous results obtained with approximate simulation methods.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Aarhus University) A Danish research team has developed a new method for studying how a tracer is distributed in a cancer tumor via its extensive vascular network.The method can be used for studying closely the effect of medical treatment using cancer inhibitors.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Helmholtz Zentrum München - German Research Center for Environmental Health) In type 1 diabetes, the body attacks its own insulin-producing cells. Scientists at Helmholtz Zentrum München, partner in the German Center for Diabetes Research, and their colleagues at Technical University of Munich have now reported in the journal 'PNAS' about a mechanism used by the immune system to prepare for this attack. They were able to inhibit this process through targeted intervention and are now hoping this will lead to new possibilities for treatment.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(National University of Singapore) Researchers from the Mechanobiology Institute at the National University of Singapore have revealed the molecular events leading to the regulation of cell growth and proliferation in response to stiffness of the extracellular matrix that surrounds them.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin) Pathogen epitopes are fragments of bacterial or viral proteins. Nearly a third of all existing human epitopes consist of two different fragments. Known as 'spliced epitopes', these types of epitopes have long been regarded as rare. The fact that they are so highly prevalent might, among other things, explain why the immune system is so highly flexible. Results from this study have been published in the current issue of the journal Science.*
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Queensland University of Technology) A QUT professor has become the first Australian since Professor Ian Frazer to receive the prestigious West Lake Friendship award.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Kumamoto University) Pancreatic cancer is one of the most lethal forms of cancer. Early detection is essential to improve prognoses. Working toward that goal, a collaboration of researchers in Japan has discovered proteins in the blood which improve the detection of pancreatic cancer. When used in combination with conventional pancreatic cancer biomarkers, it enables the diagnosis of early stage pancreatic cancer, which was previously thought to be difficult.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of Arizona Health Sciences) Why do more women than men get Alzheimer's disease? In their quest to find the answer, neuroscientist Roberta Diaz Brinton, Ph.D., and her colleagues in the Center for Innovation in Brain Science at the University of Arizona Health Sciences, have been awarded a $10.3 million five-year Program Project Grant from the National Institute on Aging.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology (OIST) Graduate University) When treated with an anti-cancer drug, ICRF-193, fission yeast produce an 'arched and snapped' phenotype that may be used to screen for other cancer drugs.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Princeton University, Engineering School) Engineers and biologists have for the first time revealed the mechanics of how bacteria build up slimy masses called biofilms, cell by cell. When encased in biofilms in the human body, bacteria are a thousand times less susceptible to antibiotics, making certain infections, such as pneumonia, difficult to treat and potentially lethal.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(KU Leuven) Only a small share of Congolese villagers is the driving force behind most of the deforestation. They're not felling trees to feed their families, but to increase their quality of life. These findings are based on fieldwork by bioscience engineer Pieter Moonen from KU Leuven (University of Leuven), Belgium. They indicate that international programmes aiming to slow down tropical deforestation are not sufficiently taking local farmers into account.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(University of Zurich) Saturday, a parabolic flight is set to take off from Swiss soil for the second time. It will be carrying experiments from various Swiss universities on board to research the effects of zero gravity on biological and physical processes, and test technologies. With this flight, the second from the air force base in Dübendorf within one year, the Swiss Research Station for Zero Gravity initiated by the University of Zurich has got off to a flying start.
Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(John Innes Centre) A new paper from scientists at the John Innes Centre in Norwich explains why plant breeders have found it difficult to produce wheat varieties which combine high yield and good resistance to Septoria, a disease in wheat which can cut yield losses by up to 50 percent. It traces the problem back to decisions made nearly 60 years ago.
Thu, 20 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Cedars-Sinai Medical Center) Cedars-Sinai regenerative medicine investigators have received approval from the US Food and Drug Administration to test a combination stem cell-gene therapy they developed to stall the progression of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. The approval allows 18 ALS patients to receive a new investigational drug in a few months when the study begins. It will be the first clinical trial to test the safety of this type of therapy. Enrollment could begin by the end of this year.
Thu, 20 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Griffith University) Griffith University researchers have discovered a potential way to create an antimicrobial drug that would stop one of the world's most prevalent foodborne bugs causing gastroenteritis in humans.
Thu, 20 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(RIKEN) In research published today in Science, an international team of researchers led by scientists at the RIKEN Center for Sustainable Resource Science in Japan, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, China, and the University of California, Los Angeles, have uncovered the mechanisms through which cryptochrome 2 -- a key photoreceptor that allows plants to respond to blue light -- is switched on and off, allowing plants to remain responsive to light.
Thu, 20 Oct 2016 00:00:00 EDT(Walter and Eliza Hall Institute) A new compound, discovered jointly by international pharmaceutical company Servier, headquartered in France, and Vernalis (R&D), a company based in the UK, has been shown by researchers at the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute and Servier to block a protein that is essential for the sustained growth of up to a quarter of all cancers.