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Preview: EurekAlert! - Biology

EurekAlert! - Biology



The premier online source for science news since 1996. A service of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.



Last Build Date: Thu, 27 Apr 2017 02:12:01 EDT

Copyright: Copyright 2017 American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS); All rights reserved.
 



Ocean warming to cancel increased CO2-driven productivity

Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Adelaide) University of Adelaide researchers have constructed a marine food web to show how climate change could affect our future fish supplies and marine biodiversity.



Unification could be good for North Korea, RAND report asserts

Thu, 27 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(RAND Corporation) A new RAND report identifies the likely concerns of North Korean elites about their possible fates under various unification scenarios and recommends actions that the Republic of Korea (ROK), also known as South Korea, could take now to help North Korean elites feel more positive about, or at least less resistant to, unification.



UF receives up to $8.4 million from DoD to study brain training using electric stimulation

Wed, 26 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Florida) The US Defense Department is looking for ways to speed up cognitive skills training -- the types of skills useful for specialists such as linguists, intelligence analysts and cryptographers -- and is awarding University of Florida engineers and neuroscientists up to $8.4 million over the next four years to investigate how to do that by applying electrical stimulation to peripheral nerves as a means of strengthening neuronal connections in the brain.



A chicken-egg question: Where do baby genes come from?

Wed, 26 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Arizona) New genes are more likely to emerge full-fledged from a genome's 'junk' DNA than many scientists would have expected, according to new research by UA evolutionary biologists.



Wasps and wine: Paper wasps contribute to sour rot disease, a scourge of wine industry

Wed, 26 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Tufts University) New research led by Tufts University shows that the invasive European paper wasp, Polistes dominulus, plays a role in facilitating sour rot disease in the absence of other insects.



Want to better comply with dietary guidelines, and save money? Cook dinner at home

Wed, 26 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Oregon State University) The best culinary paths to better health are not always paved with cash, new research shows, and cooking at home can provide the best bang-for-the-buck nutritionally as well as financially.



Headless dinosaur reunited with its skull, one century later

Wed, 26 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Alberta) Researchers at the University of Alberta have matched the headless skeleton to a Corythosaurus skull from the university's Paleontology Museum that had been collected in 1920 by George Sternberg to the headless dinosaur.



2017 Pediatric Academic Societies Meeting to showcase new discoveries in children's health

Wed, 26 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(American Academy of Pediatrics) The 2017 Pediatric Academic Societies 2017 Meeting takes place May 6-9 in San Francisco, giving thousands of researchers from across globe an opportunity to share and discuss their latest findings.



Researchers identify genes that help trout find their way home

Wed, 26 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Duke University) In the spring when water temperatures start to rise, rainbow trout that have spent several years at sea traveling hundreds of miles from home manage, without maps or GPS, to find their way back to the rivers and streams where they were born for spawning. Researchers have identified genes that enable the fish to perform this extraordinary homing feat with help from Earth's magnetic field.



Researchers to provide chronic heart failure patients easy access to their own data

Wed, 26 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Indiana University) A team of researchers is creating new information technology to help older adults with chronic heart failure. For the first time, researchers are capturing and working to empower individuals with their own heart health data. This will enable quick and preventative action to protect those suffering with chronic heart failure.



CSHL, Chan Zuckerberg Initiative collaborate to boost sharing of scientific research

Wed, 26 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory) CSHL announced a collaboration with the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative to help accelerate the understanding of life science for the benefit of human health and disease. New funding from CZI will support the development and expansion of CSHL's bioRxiv preprint service, a free platform that enables life science researchers to quickly and easily share drafts of papers before they are published in peer-reviewed research journals.



Barley genome sequenced

Wed, 26 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of California - Riverside) Looking for a better beer or single malt Scotch whiskey? A team of researchers at the University of California, Riverside may have you covered. They are among a group of 77 scientists worldwide who have sequenced the complete genome of barley, a key ingredient in beer and single malt Scotch. The research, 10 years in the making, was just published in the journal Nature.



Bare bones: Making bones transparent

Wed, 26 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(California Institute of Technology) A new bone clearing technique is a breakthrough for testing osteoporosis drugs.



JNeurosci: Highlights from the April 26 issue

Wed, 26 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Society for Neuroscience) Check out these newsworthy studies from the April 26, 2017, issue of JNeurosci. Media interested in obtaining the full text of the studies should contact media@sfn.org.



Tel Aviv University study links cannabis use in adolescence to schizophrenia

Wed, 26 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(American Friends of Tel Aviv University) A new Tel Aviv University study points to cannabis as a trigger for schizophrenia. The research finds that smoking pot or using cannabis in other ways during adolescence may serve as a catalyst for schizophrenia in individuals already susceptible to the disorder.



New study deems dairy 'excellent' source of protein for children

Wed, 26 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences) Researchers at the University of Illinois are using pigs as a model to study the best way of evaluating protein quality in foods eaten by children, a method that was proposed by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations in 2011.



Sequencing the station: Investigation aims to identify unknown microbes in space

Wed, 26 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(NASA/Johnson Space Center) Building on the ability to sequence DNA in space and previous investigations, Genes in Space-3 is a collaboration to prepare, sequence and identify unknown organisms, entirely from space.



Digital life project uses 3-D to document endangered frogs

Wed, 26 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Massachusetts at Amherst) The Digital Life team at UMass Amherst led by evolutionary biologist Duncan Irschick has unveiled an online set of 15 three-dimensional (3-D) models of live frogs, including several endangered species, to promote conservation, education and science by showcasing their extraordinary beauty and vulnerability to ecological threats. 'Frogs of the World' represents the first use of 3-D technology to preserve accurate, high-resolution models of some of the most endangered frog species on the planet.



Scientists using high tech microscope find clues to an autoimmune disease

Wed, 26 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus) Using a unique microscope capable of illuminating living cell structures in great detail, researchers at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus have found clues into how a destructive autoimmune disease works, setting the stage for more discoveries in the future.



New studies refocus attention on the genotoxicity of AAV vectors in gene therapy

Wed, 26 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News) A growing number of preclinical studies in mice suggests that therapeutic gene delivery using recombinant adeno-associated viral vectors (rAAVs) can cause insertional mutagenesis and increase the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma. Despite the apparent safety of rAAV-mediated gene therapy in human clinical applications, the data emerging from some mouse studies emphasize the need to carefully reconsider the potential risk of genotoxicity, according to the authors of a provocative article published in Human Gene Therapy.



Boston Medical Center unveils $15 million cogeneration plant to increase energy efficiency

Wed, 26 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Boston University Medical Center) Boston Medical Center is now generating much of its own electricity and heat through a natural gas-fired, 2 megawatt combined heat and power plant. The $15 million cogen plant was made possible by a $3.7 million grant from the Massachusetts Department of Energy Resources' Community Clean Energy Resiliency Initiative. The Boston Public Health Commission partnered with BMC in securing the grant.



Several EPA programs face possible elimination under Trump proposal

Wed, 26 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(American Chemical Society) The Trump administration's proposed plan for the US Environmental Protection Agency includes completely defunding several programs related to climate change, public health and pollution, according to an internal agency memo that was leaked to the media last month. An article in Chemical & Engineering News (C&EN), the weekly newsmagazine of the American Chemical Society, runs through the numbers.



Howard Hughes Medical Institute research award a first for Virginia Tech Carilion

Wed, 26 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Virginia Tech) A Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine has been awarded a highly competitive Howard Hughes Medical Institute fellowship to devote a year to in-depth, mentored biomedical research at the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute.



Biogerontology Research Foundation CSO to chair Pharma AI track at BioDataWorld West 2017

Wed, 26 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Biogerontology Research Foundation) BioDataWorld West is a conference focused on the intersection of big data and precision medicine, and this year marks the introduction of a new AI track organized in partnership with Merck, one of the largest pharmaceutical companies in the world. The conference will feature executives and department heads from many outstanding institutions including the FDA, NIH, Google, Merck, and SENS Research Foundation, as well as researchers and professors from Stanford University, UCSF, Ohio State University and Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory.



Larger schooling fish found to have stronger attraction forces

Wed, 26 Apr 2017 00:00:00 EDT

(Uppsala University) In schooling fish, collective movement emerges as a result of multiple social interactions between individuals. In a new study led by researchers at Uppsala University, larger individuals have been found to display stronger attraction forces to one another than smaller individuals. Short range repulsion forces, on the other hand, are the same regardless of fish size.