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Prevent Heart Attack



A blog from the 'Healthy Hearts Project'



Updated: 2018-03-06T09:49:31.064-08:00

 



Prevent Heart Attacks With Email Autoresponders

2014-06-29T03:14:52.913-07:00

Stress is a leading cause of stroke and heart attack.

Business automation tools help lower the stress levels of business owners.  An email autoresponder can help reduce stress to the point when it can prevent heart attacks.

Here are 39 powerful ways in which email autoresponders can help you.



Heart Attack - Why Are Women So Superior?

2005-06-18T10:08:23.023-07:00

This is one of the most fascinating questions clinical
epidemiologists are asking themselves.

There is a well-defined gender gap when it comes to an analysis of
risks, diagnosis and treatment of coronary heart disease. This
article will attempt to reconstruct the factors responsible for this
gender gap, and provide some hints on preventing heart disease for
both sexes.

What are the causes of the gender gap for heart attack?

"Men are from Mars, Women from Venus" - Gray JM

Traditionally, men and women have played different roles in society.
These roles result in exposure to a different set of influences.
These in turn act on the organ systems in different ways.

Unhealthy behaviour patterns

Men have been exposed to a higher risk of unhealthy patterns in their
lifestyles. Smoking, alcohol consumption, eating a lot of red meat
and less of fruits and vegetables are more commonly seen in males.
These factors however are only contributory, and not causative, of
coronary disease.

Work outside home

While it has been suggested that work stresses are in a large part
responsible for coronary heart disease, recent studies focussed on
working women draw different conclusions. For instance, the heart
disease risk has been shown to be higher only in subordinate,
clerical posts. Successful working women are NOT at a higher risk.




Women And Heart Attack Risk

2005-06-16T10:09:09.950-07:00

One special aspect of heart disease preventive intervention is
specific to post-menopausal women and involves replacement of
estrogens.

At menopause, due to atrophy of the glands called ovaries, the level
of the female hormone estrogen decreases. This leads to several
effects that collectively produce the post-menopausal syndrome.
Estrogens are also partly responsible for the lower risk that women
have for heart disease as compared to men.

Estrogen replacement therapy is considered in postmenopausal women,
especially in those with multiple risk factors for coronary artery
disease, such as elevated LDL. Recommendations are individualized in
accordance with other health risks.




Heart Attack - What's Your Atherosclerosis Risk?

2005-05-13T10:17:46.776-07:00

What are the risk factors for atherosclerosis ?

No one is quite sure why exactly some people develop atheromas at a very young age and others don't. There are some well defined risk factors that predispose to atheroma.

Some of these factors are "permanent" - that is, they cannot be modified. These permanent or non-modifiable risk factors are:

age
gender
genetics
Anyone is at a higher risk for atherosclerosis as age advances. Males are at a significantly higher risk than women for a variety of reasons. Similarly, those whose family members suffer from atherosclerotic complications are more likely to become victims of atherosclerosis than others who have no such genetic predisposition..

In addition, there are some factors that can be modified by lifestyle changes. These are:

smoking
high blood pressure or hypertension
high cholesterol
sedentary lifestyle
high stress
overweight and obesity
Cigarette smoking, and other forms of tobacco consumption has been incriminated in atheroma formation, as has diabetes and uncontrolled high blood pressure. High serum cholesterol levels can predispose to fat deposition in plaques.

Some "weak factors" that are less closely associated with atherosclerosis include lack of exercise, stress, obesity and a high carbohydrate diet.




Women Are Superior... When It Comes To Heart Attack Risk!

2005-05-12T10:08:26.110-07:00

WHY ARE WOMEN SO SUPERIOR - When it comes to Heart Attack Risk ?

This is one of the most fascinating questions clinical epidemiologists are asking themselves. There is a well-defined gender gap when it comes to an analysis of risks, diagnosis and treatment of coronary heart disease. This article will attempt to reconstruct the factors responsible for this gender gap, and provide some hints on preventing heart disease for both sexes.

What are the causes of the gender gap ?

"Men are from Mars, Women from Venus" - Gray JM

Traditionally, men and women have played different roles in society. These roles result in exposure to a different set of influences. These in turn act on the organ systems in different ways.

Unhealthy behaviour patterns

Men have been exposed to a higher risk of unhealthy patterns in their lifestyles. Smoking, alcohol consumption, eating a lot of red meat and less of fruits and vegetables are more commonly seen in males. These factors however are only contributory, and not causative, of coronary disease.

Work outside home

While it has been suggested that work stresses are in a large part responsible for coronary heart disease, recent studies focussed on working women draw different conclusions. For instance, the heart disease risk has been shown to be higher only in subordinate, clerical posts. Successful working women are NOT at a higher risk.

Social supports and Community style

Men and women have differing socialization needs and skills. Men have a lesser propensity to share feelings, and the resultant inner anger releases increased amounts of stress hormones that accelerate the development of atherosclerosis. Men also have fewer social supports, and are more likely to name their spouse as their favorite confidant. Social supports are cardio-protective.

Coronary prone behaviour

The prototype of a behaviour pattern that is at high risk for coronary disease is more likely seen in males. The so called "type A" personality has aggressiveness, competitiveness, hostility, time urgency and is associated with coronary heart disease in both sexes.

Does the way studies are conducted have anything to do ?

Certainly there has been a bias involved in most studies published on coronary heart disease comparisons between the sexes. For instance, exercise has been reported not to benefit women as much as men. However, these studies that are based on questionnaires focussed on sports, and ignored energy expenditure in household work. Vacuuming a two storey house is as energy intensive as playing nine holes of golf !

Are hormones responsible for this gender gap ?

Hormones might have an effect, but it is as yet unproven. Dehydro-epi androsterone (DHEA) is a masculinizing hormone. Increased levels of DHEA have been shown to protect against coronary heart disease - but only in men ! The mechanism of this is unclear.

Another is estrogen, the feminizing hormone. Pharmacologic doses of estrogen have been shown to improve exercise tolerance levels in post-menopausal women. Perhaps a sex-specific estrogen receptor in the inner lining of coronary arteries responds to estrogens. This might explain the selective benefit for women over men.

More evidence for the protective nature of estrogen comes from the observation that men universally have higher risks of coronary artery disease and that, in women who have early menopause, the female advantage is lost. The cardioprotective action of estrogen may be due to its effect on the lipid profile (reduced LDL cholesterol levels).