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Preview: CiteULike: Tag rdf-schema

CiteULike: Tag rdf-schema

CiteULike: Tag rdf-schema


A Fuzzy Semantics for the Resource Description Framework


In URSW 2005--2007, Vol. 5327 (2008), pp. 244-261

Semantic Web languages cannot currently represent vague or uncertain information. However, their crisp model-theoretic semantics can be extended to represent uncertainty in much the same way first-order logic was extended to fuzzy logic. We show how the interpretation of an RDF graph (or an RDF Schema ontology) can be a matter of values, addressing a common problem in real-life knowledge management. While unmodified RDF triples can be interpreted according to the new semantics, an extended syntax is needed in order to store fuzzy membership values within the statements. We give conditions an extended interpretation must meet to be a model of an extended graph. Reasoning in the resulting fuzzy languages can be implemented by current inferencers with minimal adaptations.
M Mazzieri, AF Dragoni

Using RDF to Model the Structure and Process of Systems


(15 Oct 2007)

Many systems can be described in terms of networks of discrete elements and their various relationships to one another. A semantic network, or multi-relational network, is a directed labeled graph consisting of a heterogeneous set of entities connected by a heterogeneous set of relationships. Semantic networks serve as a promising general-purpose modeling substrate for complex systems. Various standardized formats and tools are now available to support practical, large-scale semantic network models. First, the Resource Description Framework (RDF) offers a standardized semantic network data model that can be further formalized by ontology modeling languages such as RDF Schema (RDFS) and the Web Ontology Language (OWL). Second, the recent introduction of highly performant triple-stores (i.e. semantic network databases) allows semantic network models on the order of $10^9$ edges to be efficiently stored and manipulated. RDF and its related technologies are currently used extensively in the domains of computer science, digital library science, and the biological sciences. This article will provide an introduction to RDF/RDFS/OWL and an examination of its suitability to model discrete element complex systems.
Marko Rodriguez, Jennifer Watkins, Johan Bollen, Carlos Gershenson

A Semantic Web Primer (Cooperative Information Systems)


(01 April 2004)

The development of the Semantic Web, with machine-readable content, has the potential to revolutionize the World Wide Web and its use. 'A Semantic Web Primer' provides an introduction and guide to this emerging field, describing its key ideas, languages, and technologies. Suitable for use as a textbook or for self-study by professionals, it concentrates on undergraduate-level fundamental concepts and techniques that will enable readers to proceed with building applications on their own. It includes exercises, project descriptions, and annotated references to relevant online materials. A Semantic Web Primer is the only available book on the Semantic Web to include a systematic treatment of the different languages (XML, RDF, OWL, and rules) and technologies (explicit metadata, ontologies, and logic and inference) that are central to Semantic Web development. The book also examines such crucial related topics as ontology engineering and application scenarios. After an introductory chapter, topics covered in succeeding chapters include XML and related technologies that support semantic interoperability; RDF and RDF Schema, the standard data model for machine-processable semantics; and OWL, the W3C-approved standard for a Web ontology language more extensive than RDF Schema; rules, both monotonic and nonmonotonic, in the framework of the Semantic Web; selected application domains and how the Semantic Web would benefit them; the development of ontology-based systems; and current debates on key issues and predictions for the future.
Grigoris Antoniou, Frank van Harmelen