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To which mixtures are French pregnant women mainly exposed? A combination of the second French total diet study with the EDEN and ELFE cohort studies.
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To which mixtures are French pregnant women mainly exposed? A combination of the second French total diet study with the EDEN and ELFE cohort studies.

Food Chem Toxicol. 2017 Nov 11;:

Authors: Traoré T, Forhan A, Sirot V, Kadawathagedara M, Heude B, Hulin M, de Lauzon-Guillain B, Botton J, Charles MA, Crépet A

Abstract
Pregnant women and their unborn child are exposed to a large number of substances during pregnancy. Some of these substances may cross the placenta, resulting in exposure of the foetus. There is growing evidence that certain substances could interact to produce a mixture effect. It is therefore essential to identify the main mixtures mothers are exposed to. This study aimed to identify the major mixtures French pregnant women included in EDEN and ELFE cohorts were exposed to, on the basis of the 441 substances analysed in the second French total diet study. Exposure systems and the composition of substances were identified from co-exposures using sparse non-negative matrix under-approximation to generate the main mixtures. Individuals were clustered to define clusters with similar co-exposure profiles. Six clusters associated with eight mixtures were identified. For example in ELFE, cluster 2 comprising 10% of the population was characterised by mixtures "Pest-1" mainly contains pesticides and "TE-F-PAH″ contains trace elements, furans and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Five other clusters were also described with their associated mixtures. Similar results were observed for EDEN. This study helps to prioritise mixtures for which it is crucial to investigate possible toxicological effects and to recommend epidemiological studies concerning health effects.

PMID: 29138022 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]