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Preview: Brightsurf Science News :: Space Exploration News

Space Exploration Current Events and Space Exploration News from Brightsurf



Space Exploration Current Events and Space Exploration News Events, Discoveries and Articles from Brightsurf



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International team publishes roadmap to enhance radioresistance for space colonization

Wed, 21 Feb 18 00:08:10 -0800

An international team of researchers from NASA Ames Research Center, Environmental and Radiation Health Sciences Directorate at Health Canada, Canadian Nuclear Laboratories, Belgian Nuclear Research Centre, Oxford University, Insilico Medicine, Insilico Medicine Taiwan, the Biogerontology Research Foundation, Boston University, Johns Hopkins University, University of Liverpool, University of Lethbridge, Ghent University, Center for Healthy Aging and many others have published a roadmap toward enhancing human radioresistance for space exploration and colonization.



Snake-inspired robot uses kirigami to move

Wed, 21 Feb 18 00:04:50 -0800

Harvard researchers developed a soft robot inspired by snakeskin that crawls without any rigid components. The soft robotic scales are made using kirigami -- an ancient Japanese paper craft that relies on cuts, rather than origami folds, to change the properties of a material. As the robot stretches, the flat kirigami surface is transformed into a 3-D-textured surface, which grips the ground just like snakeskin.



Pulsating Aurora mysteries uncovered with help from NASA's THEMIS mission

Tue, 20 Feb 18 00:01:20 -0800

The precise mechanism driving pulsating auroras, long unknown, has now been identified with help from NASA's THEMIS mission.



Kepler scientists discover almost 100 new exoplanets

Thu, 15 Feb 18 00:16:00 -0800

Based on data from NASA's K2 mission an international team of scientists have just confirmed nearly 100 new exoplanets, planets located outside our solar system. This brings the total number of new exoplanets found with the K2 mission up to almost 300. The new results are to be published in the Astronomical Journal.



NASA's Aqua satellite finds a wispy Tropical Depression Sanba

Thu, 15 Feb 18 00:02:20 -0800

NASA's Aqua satellite passed over the Sulu Sea as Tropical Depression Sanba continued to weaken.



Hubble sees Neptune's mysterious shrinking storm

Thu, 15 Feb 18 00:06:20 -0800

Three billion miles away on the farthest known major planet in our solar system, an ominous, dark storm - once big enough to stretch across the Atlantic Ocean from Boston to Portugal - is shrinking out of existence as seen in pictures of Neptune taken by NASA's Hubble Space Telescope.



Dance of auroras

Wed, 14 Feb 18 00:07:10 -0800

The shower of electrons bouncing across Earth's magnetosphere -- commonly known as the Northern Lights -- has been directly observed for the first time by an international team of scientists. While the cause of these colorful auroras has long been hypothesized, researchers had never directly observed the underlying mechanism until now.



NASA totals rainfall from destructive Tropical Cyclone Gita

Wed, 14 Feb 18 00:07:20 -0800

Tropical Cyclone Gita dropped a lot of rain as it strengthened into a major hurricane in the South Pacific Ocean. NASA's IMERG calculated totals based on satellite observations that revealed over a foot (305 mm) of rain had fallen in various areas.



Eclipse season starts for NASA's SDO

Tue, 13 Feb 18 00:15:40 -0800

On Sunday, Feb. 11, 2018, NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory, or SDO, saw a total solar eclipse in space when Earth crossed its view of the sun.



Recreating outer space in the lab

Tue, 13 Feb 18 00:16:30 -0800

Thermodynamics provides insight into the internal energy of a system and the energy interaction with its surroundings. This relies on the local thermal equilibrium of a system.



Tropical Cyclone Gita packs heavy rain, warnings now for Tonga and Fiji

Mon, 12 Feb 18 00:03:30 -0800

Hurricane Gita strengthened into a powerful Category 4 hurricane on Feb. 12 and triggered warnings in Tonga and Fiji. NASA's Global Precipitation Measurement Mission or GPM core satellite analyzed Tropical Cyclone Gita and found heavy rainfall occurring within the system. On Feb. 12, Gita was bringing that heavy rain to Tonga and Fiji where warnings were posted. NASA's Terra satellite also provided a visible image of the storm, which had developed an eye.



NASA finds heaviest rainfall in Tropical Cyclone Gita's northern quadrant

Fri, 09 Feb 18 00:06:20 -0800

NASA's GPM core satellite examined rainfall in Tropical Cyclone Gita soon after the storm came together. Tropical Cyclone Gita formed near American Samoa in the Southwestern Pacific Ocean and triggered warnings and watches on Feb. 9. A Tropical Cyclone Warning is in force for Niue.



Antibacterial applications of graphene oxides

Thu, 08 Feb 18 00:15:10 -0800

Graphene oxide (GO) is one of the most widely studied engineered nanomaterials. A review discussed the structure-activity relationships (SARs) involved in GO-induced bacterial killing, the molecular initiating events (MIEs) and biosafety in antibacterial applications (cover articles in Science Bulletin, 2018, 63(2): 133-142).



NASA leverages proven technologies to build agency's first planetary wind lidar

Thu, 08 Feb 18 00:08:50 -0800

NASA scientists have found a way to adapt a handful of recently developed technologies to build a new instrument that could give them what they have yet to obtain: never-before-revealed details about the winds on Mars and ultimately Titan, Saturn's largest moon.



Are you rocky or are you gassy?

Thu, 08 Feb 18 00:09:20 -0800

A star about 100 light years away in the Pisces constellation, GJ 9827, hosts what may be one of the most massive and dense super-Earth planets detected to date according to new research led by Carnegie's Johanna Teske. This new information provides evidence to help astronomers better understand the process by which such planets form.



NASA seeks the gold in Winter Olympics snow

Thu, 08 Feb 18 00:15:40 -0800

NASA engineer Manuel Vega can see one of the Olympic ski jump towers from the rooftop of the South Korean weather office where he is stationed. Vega is not watching skiers take flight, preparing for the 2018 PyeongChang Winter Olympics and Paralympic games. Instead, he's inspecting the SUV-sized radar beside him. The instrument is one of 11 NASA instruments specially transported to the Olympics to measure the quantity and type of snow falling on the slopes, tracks and halfpipes.



WSU researchers build alien ocean to test NASA outer space submarine

Wed, 07 Feb 18 00:06:30 -0800

Building a submarine gets tricky when the temperature drops to -300 Fahrenheit and the ocean is made of methane and ethane. Washington State University researchers are working with NASA to determine how a submarine might work on Titan, the largest of Saturn's many moons and the second largest in the solar system. The space agency plans to launch a real submarine into Titan seas in the next 20 years.



HKU scientist makes key discoveries in the search for life on Mars

Tue, 06 Feb 18 00:10:10 -0800

Dr. Joseph Michalski and his colleagues have published papers recently that cast increased doubt on the idea of surface life evolving on Mars.



Research reveals more about TRAPPIST-1 planets, and the possibility of life

Mon, 05 Feb 18 00:13:10 -0800

A series of four studies have shed new light on the properties of the TRAPPIST-1 planetary system, currently our most optimal hope for evidence of biological life beyond the solar system.



Hubble delivers first insight into atmospheres of potentially habitable TRAPPIST-1 planets

Mon, 05 Feb 18 00:13:20 -0800

An international team of astronomers has used the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope to look for atmospheres around four Earth-sized planets orbiting within or near TRAPPIST-1's habitable zone. The new results further support the terrestrial and potentially habitable nature of three of the studied planets. The results are published in Nature Astronomy.



TRAPPIST-1: Findings show exoplanets made of rock and water

Mon, 05 Feb 18 00:01:00 -0800

In 2016, a team of researchers led by EU-funded astronomer Michael Gillon at the University of Liege, Belgium, discovered three temperate Earth-sized planets orbiting TRAPPIST-1, an ultra-cool dwarf star just 40 light years from Earth. A few months later, Gillon surprised the world with the discovery of a whole planetary system made of a total of seven planets around this star. A set of new studies reveals today the nature and composition of the planets, shedding light on their potential habitability.



OU astrophysicists discover planets in extragalactic galaxies using microlensing

Fri, 02 Feb 18 00:15:20 -0800

A University of Oklahoma astrophysics team has discovered for the first time a population of planets beyond the Milky Way galaxy. Using microlensing--an astronomical phenomenon and the only known method capable of discovering planets at truly great distances from the Earth among other detection techniques--OU researchers were able to detect objects in extragalactic galaxies that range from the mass of the Moon to the mass of Jupiter.



NASA's newly rediscovered IMAGE mission provided key aurora research

Fri, 02 Feb 18 00:15:50 -0800

A long-lost NASA satellite, IMAGE, has recently been rediscovered. The mission's nearly six years in operation provided robust research about the space around Earth that continue to guide science to this day.



NASA measured rainfall from Fehi's remnants in New Zealand

Fri, 02 Feb 18 00:16:20 -0800

The remnants of Tropical Cyclone Fehi brought rain to New Zealand before it fizzled out. NASA and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency's GPM core satellite provided a look at the rainfall from its vantage point in space.



Natural telescope sets new magnification record

Fri, 02 Feb 18 00:01:40 -0800

An international team of astronomers, led by Harald Ebeling of the Institute for Astronomy at the University of Hawaii at Manoa, has discovered one of the most extreme instances of magnification by gravitational lensing. Using the Hubble Space Telescope to survey a sample of huge clusters of galaxies, the team found a distant galaxy, eMACSJ1341-QG-1, that is magnified 30 times thanks to the distortion of space-time created by the massive galaxy cluster dubbed eMACSJ1341.9-2441.



NASA finds Extra-Tropical Cyclone Fehi sheared

Wed, 31 Jan 18 00:01:10 -0800

Tropical Cyclone Fehi has transitioned into an extra-tropical cyclone was wind shear pushed the bulk of clouds and thunderstorms south of its center. NASA's Terra satellite and the NASA and Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency's GPM satellite confirmed the effect of wind shear as the storm triggered warnings in New Zealand.



NASA confirms re-discovered IMAGE satellite

Wed, 31 Jan 18 00:04:50 -0800

The identity of the satellite re-discovered on Jan. 20, 2018, has been confirmed as NASA's IMAGE satellite.



Newborns or survivors? The unexpected matter found in hostile black hole winds

Tue, 30 Jan 18 00:00:40 -0800

A new theory from researchers at Northwestern University predicts the molecules are born in the winds with unique properties that enable them to adapt to and thrive in the hostile environment.



Stellar magnetism: What's behind the most brilliant lights in the sky?

Tue, 30 Jan 18 00:03:10 -0800

Space physicists at University of Wisconsin-Madison have just released unprecedented detail on a bizarre phenomenon that powers the northern lights, solar flares and coronal mass ejections (the biggest explosions in our solar system).



Astrochemists reveal the magnetic secrets of methanol

Mon, 29 Jan 18 00:15:40 -0800

A team of scientists, led by Boy Lankhaar at Chalmers University of Technology, has solved an important puzzle in astrochemistry: how to measure magnetic fields in space using methanol, the simplest form of alcohol. Their results, published in the journal Nature Astronomy, give astronomers a new way of investigating how massive stars are born.



'Sodium-scooter' delivers
A 'sodium-scooter', namely Na2Te, transports tellurium to molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) and tungsten disulfide (WS2) monolayers. With the help of the scooter, sulfur atoms were replaced with tellurium. The process occurs at 525