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Last Build Date: Tue, 21 Nov 2017 23:02:38 +0100


Monsanto: Glyphosate Cancer Evidence Is 'Unreliable,' Constitutes 'Junk Science'

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 22:23:09 +0100

SAN FRANCISCO - Monsanto Co. on Nov. 10 filed a brief in the multidistrict litigation for the herbicide Roundup in California federal court, arguing that the evidence offered by the plaintiffs' expert concerning the carcinogenic properties of Roundup's active ingredient glyphosate is "unreliable" and constitutes "junk science" (In re: Roundup Products Liability Litigation, No. 2741 MDL, N.D. Calif.). (Source: LexisNexis® Mealey's™ Emerging Toxic Torts Legal News)

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Sugar Industry Shifted Blame For Heart Disease Onto Fats In The '60s

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 21:29:00 +0100

A new report out today reveals documents showing how the sugar industry influenced scientific research in the 1960s in a way that deflected concerns about the impact of sugar on health. (Source: NPR Health and Science)

Regenerative vessel stent dev Cardiovate raises $1m

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 21:24:29 +0100

Early stage medical device developer Cardiovate has closed a $1 million seed round to help support research and development for a scaffold the company claims can help regenerate vascular tissue, according to an Xconomy report. The Texas-based company, formed in 2012 by a student and two University of Texas in San Antonio, is developing the NeoVessel, designed to replace portion of clogged blood vessels and encourage new tissue regeneration, according to the report. Cardiovate hopes its product will replace other treatments, including synthetic stents and grafts, and claims that its graft also dissolves after encouraging tissue growth, Xconomy reports. “We get cell attachment, we get cell proliferation and then ultimately, we regrow a new blood vessel. That is our goal,” CEO Mar...

Globus sues Stryker, ex-engineer for trade secret theft

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 16:27:06 +0100

Globus Medical (NYSE:GMED) yesterday sued Stryker (NYSE:SYK) and a former Globus engineer, alleging that she took proprietary trade secrets with her when she took a new job at Stryker earlier this month. The lawsuit, filed in the U.S. District Court for New Jersey, alleges that Madeline Davis broke her non-compete and non-disclosure pacts with Globus when she took the job Nov. 1 at Stryker. Hire in 2015 as an associate project engineer and promoted to project engineer in January, Davis worked on the Forge corticocancellous spacer for cervical fusion, according to the complaint. The NCND agreements bar Davis from engaging “in any competitive activity with any competing company,” defined as “participation in, performance of services for, employment by, ownership of any i...

Mysterious object confirmed to be from another solar system

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 15:47:15 +0100

Astronomers have named interstellar object ’Oumuamua and its red colour suggests it carries organic molecules that are building blocks of lifeAstronomers are now certain that the mysterious object detected hurtling past our sun last month is indeed from another solar system. They have named it 1I/2017 U1( ’Oumuamua) and believe it could be one of 10,000 others lurking undetected in our cosmic neighbourhood.The certainty of its interstellar origin comes froman analysis that shows its orbit is almost impossible to achieve from within our solar system.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)

' These Storms Are Just Crazy': Craft Beer Brewers Feel Effects Of Climate Change

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 15:39:12 +0100

In the face of Trump's inaction, dozens sign Brewery Climate Declaration. (Source: Science - The Huffington Post)

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Combination immunotherapy targets cancer resistance

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 14:31:07 +0100

Researchers have identified an experimental antibody that overcomes resistance to treatment by targeting a wider range of immune cells linked to tumor growth. (Source: Yale Science and Health News)

A life saved by genetic sequencing

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 14:20:09 +0100

For years, physicians puzzled over Amanda Gonzalez-Bunster's medical symptoms, until a Yale doctor suggested genetic sequencing which identified the solution. (Source: Yale Science and Health News)

A Mysterious Object Flying Past the Sun Is Our First Confirmed Visitor From Another Solar System

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 13:50:41 +0100

A mysterious asteroid detected speeding past the sun in October has been confirmed by scientists to be a visitor from outside our solar system, the first of its kind to be detected. The interstellar rock is traveling at a speed that raised eyebrows amongst astronomers because it was fast enough to leave the sun’s orbit. Its trajectory is hyperbolic — meaning at a different angle to the plane that most objects orbiting the sun coalesce around. Astronomers confirmed that the object, which they named ‘’Oumuamua’ after a Hawaiian term meaning scout or messenger, does in fact have interstellar origins, after an analysis found its speed would be impossible to achieve within this solar system. They also believe that the object, which is dark — absorbing 96% of ...

Russian radiation leak: everything you need to know

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 13:12:07 +0100

‘Extremely high’ levels of a radioactive isotope were discovered in parts of Russia in September. But where did it come from? And is it dangerous?Russia reports radioactivity 986 times the norm after nuclear accident claimRussia ’s meteorological service has confirmed that “extremely high” concentrations of a radioactive isotope, ruthenium-106, were found in several parts of the country in late September. Ru-106 is a decay product from nuclear reactions: the initial fuel is typically uranium or plutonium, and this spl its into smaller nucleii, which decay through a series of different radioactive elements. Most of the isotopes in the sequence have very short half-lives, meaning they exist for only a few seconds or minutes, but Ru-106 has a half-life of just over a year. That mean...

Robert Winston wins fourth Royal Society young people's book prize

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 12:04:16 +0100

TV academic ’s Home Lab, a collection of scientific experiments that can be carried out at home, won over jury of young readersTV professor Robert Winston has proved he has the winning formula as a science writer for children by scooping the prestigious Royal Society young people ’s book prize for the fourth time with Home Lab, a collection of scientific experiments that can be done at home.Voted for by young readers, the book was described as “really cool” by six-year-old judge Mohammed, and “brilliant” by eight-year-old judge Faith. It was given the ultimate stamp of approval by 10-year-old judge Ella: “I liked it so much that I went out and bought a copy of my own with my pocket money,” she said.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)

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Mental Health Mobile Apps Are Effective Self-Help Tools

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 11:00:00 +0100

When it comes to strengthening your mental or emotional health, would you trust an app? A trio of Brigham Young University health science researchers has published new research that says the answer is yes. The group was looking to identify what it is about health apps that influences users' behavior. Over three studies, they surveyed roughly 600 people who had used diet, physical activity or mental health apps in the past six months. (Source: eHealth News EU)

The vinyl frontier: why do we keep sending music to outer space?

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 09:30:54 +0100

S ónar festival is beaming cutting-edge dance music to an exoplanet 12 light years from Earth. But can such experiments ever be more than hubris?What item would you choose to sum up humanity if you were, like Captain James T Kirk of the Starship Enterprise, seeking out new life and new civilisations? A “five items or less” sign from a supermarket, with a note explaining why it should be “fewer”? Maybe a selection of press cuttings about theGreggs sausage roll Jesus controversy, summing up both humanity ’s silliness and its capacity for overreaction?Of course you wouldn ’t. You’d do what the Barcelona electronic music festival Sónar has done to mark its 25th anniversary: send out 33 separate 10-second clips of music by electronic artists such as Autechre, Richie Hawtin andHo...

Finance trumps patients at every level – UK healthcare needs an inquiry | Aseem Malhotra

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 09:25:38 +0100

The healthcare system faces a crisis of trust; ill-informed doctors and poor research are harming patientsThe healthcare system is facing failure, rooted in an epidemic of misinformed doctors and patients.During a recent keynote lecture at theBritish Association for Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation annual conference, I gave the example of a man who had had a heart attack and been given statins and whose months of disabling muscle pain resolved within a week of stopping taking them. His elation was cut short when his GP told him he must never stop his statin or he could die. When the audience was asked to guess what his risk of death was from stopping the pill for two weeks, the first response was 25%. There were gasps when I revealed it was actually between zero and one in 10,0...

Megafauna mega-find: the extraordinary discoveries at Diamond Valley Lake

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 07:45:52 +0100

Construction of a huge Californian reservoir had just begun when bones started to emerge – and turned out to be a vast treasure trove of Pleistocene fossilsIn the early 1990s,the Eastside Reservoir project– eventually simply referred to as Diamond Valley Lake – was announced. Planners intended to create an enormous reservoir to act as Southern California’s emergency water supply. It would require a huge excavation, and accordingly, an Environmental Impact Report (EIR), a requisite before constr uction could commence, was commissioned.When complete, the EIR indicated there would be few fossils of any significant scientific value; should any fossils be found, they would be fragmentary at best. Construction was therefore given the green light, and theheavy machinery moved in.Continue ...

The consensus is clear: there is no upside to a nuclear Brexit | Clare Moody

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 07:00:52 +0100

This government must heed the warnings – leaving the treaty on nuclear energy, safety and research is complicated and the potential consequences disastrousCabinet resignations, a government with no majority in the Commons, a make-or break-budget for the chancellor and a fast-approaching Brexit negotiating deadline means it is easy for issues to slip out of the public consciousness. Against this backdrop, Euratom and the UK ’s future nuclear safeguarding regime risk being forgotten.As the nuclear safeguards bill - one of the “Brexit bills” announced in the Queen’s speech – makes its way through the parliamentary process, nuclear experts were called to present evidence to MPs. The message from experts is unequivocal – there is no upside to the UK leaving the Euratom treaty.Cont...

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Trade in Dead Sea Scrolls awash with suspected forgeries, experts warn

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 06:00:50 +0100

Two experts say a significant number of fragments bought in multimillion-dollar trade are suspected fakesA multimillion-dollar trade in fragments of the Dead Sea Scrolls fuelled by a surge in interest from wealthy evangelicals in the US includes a significant number of suspected forgeries, two prominent experts have said.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)

As World Turns More Slowly, We Face Earthquake Boom, Scientists Warn

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 05:15:09 +0100

The number of severe quakes could triple next year. (Source: Science - The Huffington Post)

Illegal building 'played central role' in floods that killed 20 in Athens

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 05:00:49 +0100

Uncontrolled construction in Greek capital has led to many streams being concreted over, leaving rivers no outlet to the seaChaotic urban planning and illegal construction in Athens played a central role in thedeadly flash floods that killed 20 people last week, experts in Greece have claimed as authorities pledged emergency funding for victimsmade homeless by the disaster.About 1,000 owners of homes and businesses are eligible for the assistance, according to government engineers dispatched to inspect the buildings.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)

Diabetes-related mortality in Germany higher than expected

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(Deutsches Zentrum fuer Diabetesforschung DZD) In Germany, nationwide data on mortality attributable to diagnosed diabetes are not available. Researchers at the German Diabetes Center (DDZ) in D ü sseldorf have now calculated that a total of around 175,000 deaths were associated with diabetes in 2010. The result of the analysis shows that far more people in Germany die from diabetes and its complications than is stated in the official statistics on cause of death. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)

Good fellows

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(University of California - Santa Barbara) A half dozen UCSB professors are named 2017 fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)

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Climate changes triggered immigration to America in the 19th century

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(European Geosciences Union) From Trump to Heinz, some of America's most famous family names and brands trace their origins back to Germans who emigrated to the country in the 19th century. Researchers from the University of Freiburg have now found that climate was a major factor in driving migration from Southwest Germany to North America during the 19th century. The results are published today in Climate of the Past, a journal of the European Geosciences Union. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)

Male triathletes may be putting their heart health at risk

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(Radiological Society of North America) Competitive male triathletes face a higher risk of a potentially harmful heart condition called myocardial fibrosis, according to new research. The increased risk, which was not evident in female triathletes, was directly associated with the athletes' amount of exercise. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)

Greater government responsiveness is paramount to maintaining stable societies

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(Springer) In a new study published in EPJ B, Claudius Gros from Goethe University Frankfurt, Germany has shown that over time, the stability of our democracies can only be preserved by findings ways to reduce the time span governments typically need to respond to the wishes of citizens, particularly when confronted with external shocks. This means that drastic changes in modes of governance may be required in order to keep democratic societies stable. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)

Researchers reveal new details on aged brain, Alzheimer's and dementia

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(Allen Institute) In a comprehensive analysis of samples from 107 aged human brains, researchers at the Allen Institute for Brain Science, UW Medicine and Kaiser Permanente Washington Health Research Institute have discovered details that will help researchers better understand the biological bases for Alzheimer's disease and dementia in older populations. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)

Meet 'Oumuamua, the interstellar asteroid, before it's gone for good

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 01:15:00 +0100

Astronomers have spotted an unprecedented interplanetary traveler: an asteroid-like object that came from far beyond our own solar system.The discovery of ‘Oumuamua,described in the journal Nature, marks the first time that researchers have identified an interstellar object — and it could mean... (Source: Los Angeles Times - Science)

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For opiate addiction, study finds drug-assisted treatment is more effective than detox

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 01:00:00 +0100

Say you ’re a publicly-insured Californian with an addiction to heroin, fentanyl or prescription narcotics, and you want to quit.New research suggests you can do it the way most treatment-seeking addicts in the state do — by undergoing a medically-supervised “detoxification” that’s difficult, expensive... (Source: Los Angeles Times - Science)

Popular Surgery To Ease Chronic Shoulder Pain Called Into Question

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 00:44:51 +0100

U.K. scientists say arthroscopic surgery to remove bone spurs or bits of ragged tissue in sore shoulders offered no more pain relief than than sham surgery in their randomized test.(Image credit: Michele Constantini/Getty Images/PhotoAlto) (Source: NPR Health and Science)

Vitamin D may help prevent rheumatoid arthritis, suggests study

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 00:01:43 +0100

Higher doses may be needed, or possibly new treatment that bypasses or corrects vitamin D insensitivity, authors sayMaintaining sufficient vitamin D levels may help to prevent rheumatoid arthritis, according to researchers.A study led by the University of Birmingham compared the ability of immune cells in blood from inflamed joints in people with rheumatoid arthritis to respond to the so-called sunshine vitamin.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)

David T. Richardson Named President and CEO of Neuronetrix

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 00:00:00 +0100

Richardson Completes Management Team that Includes Founder and Chief Technology Officer, KC Fadem, Chief Science Officer, Marco Cecchi and Chief Business Development Officer, Matt Ullum(PRWeb November 21, 2017)Read the full story at (Source: PRWeb: Medical Pharmaceuticals)

Making science sexy for teenagers

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 00:00:00 +0100

With demand for science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) graduates far outstripping supply in Europe, the EU-funded STEM4youth project is taking these subjects back to the classroom, along with a dose of fun, to show teenagers that science can be sexy, and that it is central to many careers, from marketing analyst to ethics expert and zoologist. (Source: EUROPA - Research Information Centre)

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Science News » NIMH Director Joshua Gordon Elected to Rank of AAAS Fellow

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 23:45:44 +0100

American Association of the Advancement of Science (AAAS) to induct Dr. Gordon and other recipients in February ceremony. (Source: National Institute of Mental Health)

Dog Owners Have Lower Risk Of Cardiovascular Disease, Swedish Data Suggest

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 23:27:16 +0100

Researchers looked at hospital visits in Sweden's public health care system and checked them against dog registration records. They found dog owners had lower rates of heart disease. (Image credit: Robyn Beck/AFP/Getty Images) (Source: NPR Health and Science)

Scientists Glimpse Houston's Flooded Future In Updated Rainfall Data

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 21:55:00 +0100

Hurricane Harvey's deluge left some homeowners and politicians wondering whether the whole system for predicting floods is any good. Scientists are hoping better data can lead to better flood maps.(Image credit: Erich Schlegel/Getty Images) (Source: NPR Health and Science)

Healthy Native Youth

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 21:00:25 +0100, produced in collaboration by the Northwest Portland Area Indian Health Board, the Alaska Native Tribal Health Consortium, the Inter Tribal Council of Arizona, Inc., and the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, provides resources for culturally-appropriate sexual health programs to AI/AN youth.  Stakeholders from adolescent health and Indian Country were consulted to build connections, offer input and provide insight. The site can be used by tribal health educators, teachers and parents. It’s designed to provide the training and tools needed to promote age appropriate education. The available curriculum includes sexual risk reduction, HIV, STD and pregnancy prevention programs, safer sex instruction, and healthy relationships training. Sea...

Greece Was Hit By Storm Some Called A 'Medicane.' What's That?

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 20:47:39 +0100

European weather sites posted imagery showing the swirling wind patterns and a waterspout over the Mediterranean. The low pressure system shared characteristics of tropical cyclones.(Image credit: Angelos Tzortzinis/AFP/Getty Images) (Source: NPR Health and Science)

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How Much Hotter Is It In The Slums?

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 20:44:40 +0100

Researchers took temperature readings in Nairobi's biggest slum during the summer and compared it to readings from a weather station half a mile away. There definitely was a difference.(Image credit: Herbert Misiani) (Source: NPR Health and Science)

NSF-funded scientists to present on long-term ecological research findings at AGU fall meeting

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 20:05:05 +0100

Find related stories on NSF's Long-Term Ecological Research Program at this link. Hurricanes Harvey, Irma and Maria this fall. Wildfires that raged across California and British Columbia this summer. Unseasonable cold snaps in South Florida in past winters. How do such events shape and re-shape ecosystems? And how do events from past decades affect the ways in which ... More at This is an NSF News item. (Source: NSF News)

Babies may be able to link certain words and concepts, research suggests

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 20:04:58 +0100

Study indicates infants as young as six months old may realise certain words are related – and that interaction with adults boosts understandingBabies as young as six months old may have an inkling that certain words and concepts are related to each other, say scientists in research that sheds new light on how infants learn.The study also found that babies who weremore often exposed to adults talking to them about items in their vicinity did better at identifying a picture of an object when the item was said out loud.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)

Interstellar object confirmed to be from another solar system

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 19:59:13 +0100

Astronomers have named interstellar asteroid ’Oumuamua and found it to be rich in organic moleculesAstronomers are now certain that the mysterious object detected hurtling past our sun last month is indeed from another solar system. They have named it 1I/2017 U1( ’Oumuamua) and believe it could be one of 10,000 others lurking undetected in our cosmic neighbourhood.The certainty of its extraterrestrial origin comes froman analysis that shows its orbit is almost impossible to achieve from within our Solar System.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)

Can Science Explain The Human Mind?

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 19:53:39 +0100

Science will one day explain visual perception and memory loss. But will it also explain romantic love and morality? Tania Lombrozo considers people's beliefs about what science can and can't explain.(Image credit: monsitj/Getty Images/iStockphoto) (Source: NPR Health and Science)

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Spit Test May Diagnose, Predict Duration Of Concussion In Kids

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 19:00:17 +0100

By Susan Scutti, CNN (CNN) — A saliva test may someday be able to diagnose a concussion and predict how long symptoms last, according to a study published Monday in the JAMA Pediatrics. A concussion is one type of traumatic brain injury caused by a bump, blow or jolt to either the head or the body. Though not life-threatening, these injuries to the brain can be serious and cause symptoms of headache (or “pressure” in the head), nausea, vomiting, dizziness, balance problems, double or blurry vision, sluggishness, confusion, memory problems and difficulty concentrating. In their study, Penn State College of Medicine researchers found five small molecules called microRNAs in saliva with real potential for identifying concussive symptoms in children, teens and young adults. M...

Keystone XL Pipeline Gets Regulators' OK In Nebraska, Clearing Key Hurdle

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 17:55:40 +0100

The Nebraska Public Service Commission voted 3-2 on Monday to approve the controversial pipeline — albeit not on the route preferred by TransCanada, the company behind the Keystone XL.(Image credit: Andrew Burton/Getty Images) (Source: NPR Health and Science)

Scientists Predict 2018 Will Be a Bad Year for Earthquakes. Here ’s Why

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 17:47:13 +0100

There is no natural disaster sneakier than an earthquake. Hurricanes can be predicted and tracked weeks in advance, and even tornados, monsoons and blizzards at least have seasons. But earthquakes strike entirely without warning. Now, however, a new study suggests that we may want to brace for a surge of quakes in the year ahead, and the reason for the danger is an unlikely one: the rotation of the Earth has slowed slightly. While accurately forecasting earthquakes is impossible, a backward look through the seismic record allows geologists to detect some distinct patterns. In the new study — which was presented at the annual meeting of the Geological Society of America, in Seattle, and published in Geophysical Research Letters — geologists Roger Bilham of the University of Colo...

On a roll: blue whales switch 'handedness' when rolling to scoop food

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 17:00:35 +0100

Blue whales show ‘lateralisation’ – like handedness in humans – when rolling, choosing left or right depending on depth and type of rollThey are the largest animals on Earth, can live to around 90 years old and have a tongue that weighs as much as an elephant. Now scientists have revealed another insight into blue whales: how they roll.A study has found that blue whales have a tendency to roll to one side or the other when lunging for prey, with the preference apparently down to the depth of the water and the type of roll they execute.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)

Joseph Banks: botanical work on Cook's voyage finally makes it to print

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 17:00:35 +0100

Life-size prints of hundreds of plant specimens collected by the British naturalist come together in FlorilegiumThe publishing deadline was missed by more than 200 years, but finally the work of one of the great men of the Enlightenment has been printed and distributed, sharing with the world the detailed botanical work of Joseph Banks on his journey aboard James Cook ’s Endeavour.Cook ’s mission when he left England in 1768 was ostensibly to chart the transit of Venus – a measurement that would allow the estimation of the distance from the Earth to the sun, which would aid navigation. However, Cook had been instructed to attempt the “discovery of the southern continent so o ften mentioned”.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)

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Did you solve it? This apple teaser is hard core!

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 17:00:35 +0100

The solution to today ’s puzzleOn my puzzle blog earlier today I set you the following puzzle:You and your two friends Pip and Blossom are captured by an evil gang of logicians. In order to gain your freedom, the gang ’s chief, Kurt, sets you this fearsome challenge. The three of you are put in adjacent cells. In each cell is a quantity of apples. Each of you can count the number of apples in your own cell, but not in anyone else’s. You are told that each cell has at least one apple, and at most nine apples, and no two cells have the same number of apples.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)

Spit Test May Help Reveal Concussion Severity

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 16:46:00 +0100

When a child suffers a concussion, it's very hard to tell if the brain injury will cause long-term problems. An experimental test that looks for bits of genetic material in spit might help.(Image credit: Getty Images/Hero Images) (Source: NPR Health and Science)

London Info International 2017 conference opens its doors in just 2 weeks.

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 16:44:08 +0100

Confirming our latest opening keynote: 6th December Danny Kingsley, Deputy Director of Scholarly Communication University Library, University of Cambridge, Head of Scholarly Communications, University of Cambridge So did it work? Considering the impact of Finch 5 years on Looking at different open access policies it becomes clear that the institutions and funders behind them ‘believe’ that open access will benefit research and society. With the publication of the Finch Report in 2012, the UK embarked on one of the most expensive open access experiments in the world with the RCUK Open Access Policy. This was with the goal of increasing access to UK research and acting as a transition for journals ‘flipping’ to an open access model. So how has it gone? Certainly more UK research is ...

Wind energy project receives a boost with £ 1.2 million award

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 16:32:00 +0100

A collaboration between University of Bristol engineers and a company founded by Bristol graduates has been awarded a £ 1.2 million to develop a surface inspection system for offshore wind turbines using drones. (Source: University of Bristol news)

LivaNova to deal CRM biz to MicroPort for $190m

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 16:02:21 +0100

LivaNova (NSDQ:LIVN) said today that it inked a deal to sell its cardiac rhythm management business to China’s MicroPort Scientific (HK:00853) for $190 million in cash. The companies, which are already partners in a CRM join venture in the People’s Republic, said the sale for LivaNova’s 900-worker CRM business is slated to close during the second quarter next year. LivaNova, formed by the $2.7 billion merger of Italy’s Sorin and Cyberonics in October 2015, said in September that it was putting the CRM business on the auction block. The business pulled in sales of $249 million last year. “The CRM business franchise is a global business and strong regional player with attractive assets, a robust pipeline and growth potential. Its strong position in Europe comp...

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Zika-related nerve damage caused by immune response to the virus

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 16:00:00 +0100

The immune system ’s response to the Zika virus may be responsible for nerve-related complications of infection, according to a Yale study. (Source: Yale Science and Health News)

Three UCLA professors named fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 16:00:00 +0100

Two  doctors and a dentist from UCLA have been selected as 2017 fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. They are among 396 members awarded this honor by the AAAS for their scientifically or socially distinguished efforts to advance science or its applications.New fellows will be presented with an official certificate and a gold and blue rosette pin, representing science and engineering, on Feb. 17, 2018, at the association ’s annual meeting in Austin, Texas, and formally announced in the “AAAS News and Notes” section of the journal Science on Nov. 24.UCLA ’s newest AAAS fellows are:Dr. Ichiro Nishimura, a professor in the UCLA School of Dentistry. Nishimura is being recognized  for his contributions in the field of oral and craniofacial disease proce...

Blue Planet II: what have we learned so far?

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 15:50:45 +0100

The documentary ’s marvels are not just new to television – many are new to science as well. From hyper-intelligent fish to the origin of life itself, we round up the series’s biggest discoveriesIt is testament to the number of spectacles packed into Blue Planet II that the strategic change of gender a giant wrasse is – scientifically speaking, at least – one of the least remarkable. Changing gender, or sequential hermaphroditism, is a fact of life for more than 400 species of fish, andhas already been widely studied.But many of the programme ’s marvels are new not just to television but to science itself. Some have only been published within the past half-decade; others existed only anecdotally until now. Here we track some of the most astonishing findings of the series so far...

20 Canadian ideas to improve child health win Grand Challenges funding

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 15:13:50 +0100

Twenty Canadian projects have won Grand Challenges funding, among them an Uber-like connection that can help get pregnant women in Kenya to health care; a 3D printer project to provide orthotic devices for Nepali children with clubfoot and scoliosis; and a microchip that can figure out what pathogen is causing diarrhea in children in Bangladesh. (Source: CBC | Health)

Yale engineering team developing a tiny device to improve global health

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 14:45:18 +0100

Yale engineers are working to develop a novel method that could dramatically change how tuberculosis is diagnosed and treated. (Source: Yale Science and Health News)

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How politics are affecting health care spending

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 14:14:04 +0100

Yale researchers have found that the close link between health care policy and politics is dramatically increasing health care spending. (Source: Yale Science and Health News)

A gold star for the nurseries that have stopped being glitter bugs | Jules Howard

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 10:00:26 +0100

As well as polluting our seas with microplastics, the devilish dandruff turns up all over my house and about my person – I applaud those schools banning itWhat will the rocks record about the lives we lead? What might a future palaeontologist, human or otherwise, make of the structures that will come to signify these moments in which you and I live our lives? They will notice extinctions, of course. Fossils of mammals ’ tusks and horns will abound in the rocks, only to disappear when we humans turn up. They will come across our mines – enormous trace fossils, perhaps the largest ever to have existed. They will see, by studying fossil pollen, that the climate changed. They will find our discarded KFC bones and they will wonder how the world supported so many chickens. And there, among...

How Tulsa Became A Model For Preventing Floods

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 09:54:00 +0100

For decades, Tulsa planned carefully and imposed regulations to prevent the kind of devastating floods that used to make national headlines. Now other cities are noticing.(Image credit: Austin Hellwig Collection/Tulsa City-County Library) (Source: NPR Health and Science)

Can you solve it? This apple teaser is hard core!

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 07:10:23 +0100

The logic puzzle that has a peelHi guzzlers,What ’s the similarity between a logic puzzle and an apple? Deduce! Sorry ... let’s begin.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)

The spray's the thing: how actors use perfumes to get into character

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 06:00:21 +0100

Playing Thatcher? Dab on Bluebell. Got a part in Hairspray? Reach for the Madame Rochas. We lift the lid on how actors use smells – from the finest fragrances to cheap tinned mackerel – to nail a roleBefore I go on stage, says Michael Ball, I ask myself a question: “Do I smell nice for all the ladies and gentlemen?” The actor chooses a signature scent for each of his roles, from bay rum for the vengeful barberSweeney Todd to his mum ’s favourite Madame Rochas forHairspray’s Edna Turnblad.Ball ’s not alone in deploying scent to to get beneath a character’s skin. Anne-Marie Duff has a fragrance for each role too. “If ever I smell that perfume on somebody else,”she has said, “it will remind me of a story I’ve told.” Nikki Amuka-Bird, meanwhile, says she “uses aroma...

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Homes should not be abandoned after a big nuclear accident

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 06:00:00 +0100

New research suggests that few people, if any, should be asked to leave their homes after a big nuclear accident, which is what happened in March 2011 following the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster. (Source: University of Bristol news)

Two out of 3 parents struggle finding childcare that meets their health, safety standards

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan) The search for the best preschool or childcare option is often a challenging experience -- and many parents aren't sure if the one they pick is safe and healthy for their child. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)

Four Penn professors among 2017 Class of AAAS fellows

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(University of Pennsylvania) Four members of the University of Pennsylvania faculty have been named Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Election as a AAAS Fellow is an honor bestowed upon members of AAAS, the world's largest general scientific society, by their peers. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)

Special Focus Issue of Future Oncology highlights advances in image guided therapy

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(Future Science Group) The Future Science Group (FSG) published journal, Future Oncology, has released a special focus issue that examines the field of image guided therapy in oncology, highlighting the latest advancements in image guided therapy and the application of several techniques in a number of cancer types. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)

Materialists collect Facebook friends and spend more time on social media

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(Elsevier) If you're materialistic, you're likely to use Facebook more frequently and intensely. A new paper in Heliyon reveals that materialistic people see and treat their Facebook friends as 'digital objects,' and have significantly more friends than people who are less interested in possessions. It also shows that materialists have a greater need to compare themselves with others on Facebook. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)

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Can social media users prevent use of online information to characterize and target them?

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News) A new study examines how organizations use information people disclose on social network sites (SNS) to predict their personal characteristics and whether SNS users can successfully block certain information (and how much) to better protect their privacy. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)

Michael J. Tarr named 2017 AAAS Fellow

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(Carnegie Mellon University) Tarr is being recognized for outstanding contributions to research on face, object and scene perception, on computational and artificial vision systems and on the nature of perceptual expertise. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)

How emancipation contributes to trust in strangers

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(National Research University Higher School of Economics) In many countries, human empowerment -- including freedom of expression and action -- tends to increase people's generalised trust in other people, particularly strangers. However, such an increase is usually gradual, reaching its peak in affluent, modernised democracies. In contrast, in countries with below-average levels of development, people, especially educated ones, often demonstrate a lack of trust in strangers, according to researchers of the Higher School of Economics. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)

Scientific research on disasters represents 0.22 percent of global scholarly output, shows Elsevier report

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(Elsevier) Despite loss of life and economic devastation worldwide due to increasingly frequent natural and man-made disasters, scientific research on disasters represents a small percentage of scholarly output, a study by Elsevier, the global information analytics business specializing in science and health, shows. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)

HKU PhD graduate wins best PhD thesis on urban mobility in developing countries

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(The University of Hong Kong) Dr Muhammad Adeel, a PhD graduate at the Department of Urban Planning and Design of the Faculty of Architecture, the University of Hong Kong, won the CODATU Prize for the best PhD thesis on urban mobility in cities of developing countries with his thesis 'Transportation Disadvantage and Social Exclusion in Pakistan'. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)

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Smiling human faces are attractive to dogs -- thanks to oxytocin

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(University of Helsinki) Researchers in the University of Helsinki's Canine Mind research project found that oxytocin made dogs interested in smiling human faces. It also made them see angry faces as less threatening. Associated with affection and trust, the hormone oxytocin is probably a key factor in the interaction between dogs and humans. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)

Baylor researchers recognized with prestigious AAAS honor

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(Baylor College of Medicine) Two Baylor College of Medicine researchers have been named 2017 Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)

Realistic rodent model of drug addiction

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(Society for Neuroscience) Drug addiction may not require a habitual relationship with a substance, suggests findings from a new model of cocaine administration in rats that better captures the human experience of obtaining and using drugs. The research, published in JNeurosci, represents a step towards a translational animal model of addiction that challenges widely held views about drug users. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)

MRI uncovers brain abnormalities in people with depression and anxiety

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(Radiological Society of North America) Researchers using MRI have discovered a common pattern of structural abnormalities in the brains of people with depression and social anxiety, according to a new study. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)

Cultural values can be a strong predictor of alcohol consumption

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(Frontiers) New research shows that countries with populations that value autonomy and harmony tend to have higher average levels of alcohol consumption than countries with more traditional values, such as hierarchy and being part of a collective. The findings have implications for tackling problems associated with alcohol consumption. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)

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HKU Professor Kenneth Leung conferred as a Fellow SETAC

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(The University of Hong Kong) Professor Kenneth Leung Mei-yee of the Swire Institute of Marine Science and School of Biological Sciences of the University of Hong Kong (HKU) has been conferred as a Fellow of the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) which currently has about 6500 professional members from over 100 countries. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)

BGRF scientists co-publish research paper on blockchain & AI for biomedical applications

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(Biogerontology Research Foundation) Biogerontology Research Foundation Chief Science Officer (CSO) co-authored the landmark paper in the journal Oncotarget on the convergence of blockchain and AI to decentralize and galvanize healthcare and biomedical research. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)

Forsyth Institute researcher Floyd Dewhirst named as AAAS Fellow

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(Forsyth Institute) The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) today announced Forsyth Institute senior member of the staff, Floyd Dewhirst, DDS, PhD, as an AAAS Fellow in the Dentistry and Oral Health Sciences field. Dewhirst was elected a Fellow by his peers for his distinguished contributions in the field of molecular microbiology, particularly using molecular methods for the identification and classification of the human oral microbiome. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)

Rice University scientists named AAAS Fellows

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(Rice University) Rice University professors Janet Braam and Jos é Onuchic have been named fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the world's largest general scientific society. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)

PSU researchers design survey to tap students' motivation in STEM

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(Portland State University) Researchers at Portland State University are learning more about undergraduates' experience in science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) classes and sharing a set of survey questions that will help researchers and educators at other universities do the same. This survey was developed by a team of researchers in PSU's STEM Equity and Education Institute with the help of instructors in chemistry, biology and physics. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)

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Six researchers from MD Anderson elected as AAAS Fellows

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center) In recognition of their contributions to basic, translational, and clinical research, six faculty members from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center have been named Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)

Salk scientist Gerald Joyce named 2017 AAAS Fellow for contributions to science

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(Salk Institute) Salk Professor Gerald Joyce has been a named a 2017 Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), the world's largest general scientific society. He earned the recognition for his distinguished research, which has had a profound impact on the scientific understanding of Darwinian evolution at the molecular level, especially pertaining to the evolution of RNA. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)

UTSA researcher studies evolution of climate change activism

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(University of Texas at San Antonio) Climate change is a topic that is debated, doubted and covered by news outlets across the world. Luis Hestres, in the Department of Communication at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), is researching the evolution of climate change activism and how advocacy groups use digital platforms to mobilize. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)

Study: Non-fearful social withdrawal linked positively to creativity

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(University at Buffalo) Spending too much time alone can be unhealthy and there is growing evidence that the psychosocial effects of too much solitude can last a lifetime.But newly published research by a University at Buffalo psychologist suggests that not all forms of social withdrawal are detrimental. In fact, the research findings published in the journal Personality and Individual Differences suggest that one form of social withdrawal, referred to as unsociability, is not only unrelated to negative outcomes, but linked positively to creativity. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)

Why rural coal families are less likely to divorce

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(Ohio State University) Rural coal-mining families show resilience against divorce when faced with the economic downturns common in the industry, a new study suggests. Researchers found that rural counties with higher levels of coal jobs had lower divorce rates compared with similar counties with fewer coal jobs during the 1990s, when the coal industry was losing jobs. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)

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Eight Los Alamos innovations win R & D 100 Awards

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(DOE/Los Alamos National Laboratory) Eight Los Alamos National Laboratory technologies won R&D 100 Awards last week at R&D Magazine's annual ceremony in Orlando, Florida. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)

Young scientist wins PETA Science Consortium Award for Commitment to Animal-Free Research

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals) The results are in for the PETA International Science Consortium's contest to send one early-career scientist to the annual four-day workshop at the prestigious Institute for In Vitro Sciences. University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill toxicology doctoral student Brett Winters is the winner. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)

Ten UCI researchers named AAAS fellows

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(University of California - Irvine) Ten University of California, Irvine researchers in areas ranging from engineering and computer science to evolutionary biology and physical sciences have been named fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the world's largest general scientific society. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)

Five Mizzou faculty members named as Fellows of the AAAS

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(University of Missouri-Columbia) Five faculty members from the University of Missouri have been named fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). The MU faculty members elected as fellows are David Braun, Patrick Delafontaine, David Emerich, J. Chris Pires and Thomas Edward Spencer. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)

Ancient barley took high road to China

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(Washington University in St. Louis) First domesticated 10,000 years ago in the Fertile Crescent of the Middle East, wheat and barley took vastly different routes to China, with barley switching from a winter to both a winter and summer crop during a thousand-year detour along the southern Tibetan Plateau, suggests new research from Washington University in St. Louis. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)

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BIDMC's Pier Paolo Pandolfi, MD, PhD, named AAAS 2017 fellow

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center) Pier Paolo Pandolfi, MD, PhD, Director of the Cancer Center and Cancer Research Institute at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC), has been named a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)

Breastmilk: The gift that keeps on giving... Babies who were exclusively breastfed have less than half the risk of eczema as teenagers than those that were not

Sun, 19 Nov 2017 22:20:41 +0100

(Natural News) Adding to the wealth of evidence that prove the benefits of beast milk, a new study finds that breastfeeding could lower the risk of eczema in children by half, as reported by the Science Daily. A team of researchers from King’s College London, Harvard University, University of Bristol, and McGill University assessed whether prolonged... (Source:

Brain tree: why we replenish only some of our cells | Daniel Glaser

Sun, 19 Nov 2017 09:30:01 +0100

Many of the body ’s cells regenerate - but not the brain’s, explains Daniel GlaserWe are being treated to a spectacular display of autumn colour this year, but it isn ’t only trees that share this pattern for periodic shedding and regrowth. Our own skin cells, for example, are renewed every month or so, but we replenish less than 10% of our bone each year. Certain types of human cells do not seem to regenerate at all and this includes brain cells. With a few ex ceptions (such as the hippocampus), we are born with all the brain we’ll ever have. Over childhood and into adolescence, extensive pruning of the connections between cells takes place. This neural topiary shapes all the systems of the brain. But once into adulthood, although some new connections a re formed, the main structu...

On my radar: Alexei Sayle ’s cultural highlights

Sun, 19 Nov 2017 09:00:00 +0100

The writer, actor and comedian on the joys of cheap restaurants, Otto Dix and that single seat under the stairs on London busesBorn in Anfield, Liverpool, Alexei Sayle studied art before training to be a further-education teacher. When London ’s Comedy Store opened in 1979, he became its first MC and, over the following decade, became a central figure in the alternative comedy movement. He has starred in a number of TV shows includingThe Young Ones (1982-4) and the Emmy-winningAlexei Sayle ’s Stuff (1988-1991). His credits also include theatre (The Tempest, Old Vic, 1988), film (Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, 1989) and radio (the award-winningAlexei Sayle and the Fish People). His bookAlexei Sayle ’s Imaginary Sandwich Bar is out now, while the second series of his BBC radio pro...

How a DNA revolution has decoded the origins of our humanity

Sun, 19 Nov 2017 00:05:46 +0100

Mapping the genomes of our ancestors has allowed scientists to uncover secrets and discover new mysteries in our evolutionScientists made a remarkable discovery at Trou Al ’Wesse in Belgium earlier this year. Inside a cave that overlooks the Hoyoux river they found clear evidence it had been occupied by Neanderthals tens of thousands of years ago. Yet the cave contained no skull fragments, no teeth – nor any other skeletal remains of this extinct species of human being.The team, from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, were sure of their ground, however. Their genetic analysis of soil samples, scraped from the cave floor, had pinpointed the presence of Neanderthals through that most definitive of biological markers: their DNA.Continue reading... (Source: ...

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To Save Their Water Supply, Colorado Farmers Taxed Themselves

Sat, 18 Nov 2017 22:43:14 +0100

The recent drought in the West forced people to take a hard look at how they use water. In Colorado, some farmers tried an experiment: make their water more expensive without hurting business.(Image credit: Luke Runyon/KUNC) (Source: NPR Health and Science)

Upsurge in big earthquakes predicted for 2018 as Earth rotation slows

Sat, 18 Nov 2017 22:00:43 +0100

Scientists say number of severe quakes is likely to rise strongly next year because of a periodic slowing of the Earth ’s rotationScientists have warned there could be a big increase in numbers of devastatingearthquakes around the world next year. They believe variations in the speed of Earth ’s rotation could trigger intense seismic activity, particularly in heavily populated tropical regions.Although such fluctuations in rotation are small – changing the length of the day by a millisecond – they could still be implicated in the release of vast amounts of underground energy, it is argued.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)

Modern Toss – cartoon

Sat, 18 Nov 2017 13:00:32 +0100

It ’s Evolution Day on 24 November! Feed those brains we’ve been shaping all this time by hitting up anexhibitionContinue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)

By knowing how abusers like Kevin Spacey work, we can root them out | Deborah Orr

Sat, 18 Nov 2017 05:59:24 +0100

Predators hunt out their victims, like pigs sniffing out truffles. Knowing what narcissistic behaviour to look out for can preempt dangerTwenty people have now madeallegations of inappropriate behaviour against Kevin Spacey, the majority from his time as the Old Vic ’s artistic director. Fourteen of the allegations are so serious that complainants have been advised to go to the police.Managers at the Old Vic say they are sorry they did not create an environment in which people felt they could speak out if they were receiving unwanted attention. This failure has been put down to a “cult of personality” around the actor.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)