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MedWorm.com provides a medical RSS filtering service. Thousands of medical RSS feeds are combined and output via different filters. This feed contains the latest news in Zoology



Last Build Date: Tue, 17 Apr 2018 22:02:10 +0100

 



UC Berkeley's massive egg collection aids project up for Webby

Tue, 17 Apr 2018 04:00:00 +0100

(University of California - Berkeley) Why are bird eggs so varied in shape? Some are elliptical, others asymmetrical. Some are both, some -- like the spherical egg of the hawk-owl -- are neither. A team of designers at Science worked with curators at UC Berkeley's Museum of Vertebrate Zoology to categorize egg from 49,000 photos in the collection. They found that egg length and shape relate to body size and flying habits. Their data visualization is now up for a Webby award. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)

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NSB Announces Public Service Award Winners

Mon, 16 Apr 2018 22:29:55 +0100

The National Science Board (NSB) has announced that Dr. Jane Lubchenco, distinguished university professor and marine studies advisor to the President at Oregon State University, will receive the 2018 Vannevar Bush Award. The award recognizes lifetime achievement for pursuits to improve the welfare of mankind and the nation through public-service activities in science, technology and public policy. Lubchenco is an environmental scientist and marine ecologist with experience in science, academia, as well as government. She has a diverse background in ecology, zoology, marine biology, ocean management, and public policy. Lubchenco’s work has contributed extensively to the field of ecology as well as stimulated public engagement from the scientific community. She served as Under Secret...



Green-haired turtle that breathes through its genitals added to endangered list

Wed, 11 Apr 2018 18:00:09 +0100

With its punky green mohican the striking Mary river turtle joins a new ZSL list of the world ’s most vulnerable reptilesIt sports a green mohican, fleshy finger-like growths under its chin and can breathe through its genitals.The Mary river turtle is one of the most striking creatures on the planet, and it is also one of the most endangered.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)



Happening Tomorrow! Citizen Science in Libraries: Fostering Community Connections on Citizen Science Day and Beyond

Tue, 03 Apr 2018 14:06:21 +0100

Are you interested in citizen science? Are you looking for new ways to engage with your community members, and would you like to encourage science discovery with more of your users? If you answered yes to any of the above, then don’t miss this exciting PSR webinar featuring Darlene Cavalier, professor of practice at Arizona State University and the founder of SciStarter, a citizen science database and platform. Darlene will describe several citizen science projects in public libraries in Arizona that are part of an IMLS grant, and she’ll share resources and information to spark ideas for your library. Citizen science enables people from all walks of life to engage in formal and informal research to advance fields spanning astronomy to zoology. This webinar will provide a general overvi...



Dinosaur footprints found on Skye

Tue, 03 Apr 2018 13:04:10 +0100

Tracks of meat-eating dinosaurs found on Scottish island, shedding light on behaviours during Middle Jurassic periodIt ’s now a windswept island boasting pine martens, red deer and puffins. But 170 million years ago, some very different beasts were leaving their mark on the Isle of Skye.Researchers have unearthed a new site of about 50 tracks, some as big as a car tyre, from dinosaurs that roamed the island during the Middle Jurassic.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)



Argonauts: the Astronauts of the Sea

Tue, 27 Mar 2018 10:00:17 +0100

How argonaut cephalopods evolved their own architecture to return to the open oceanCephalopod molluscs, the group of animals that includes octopuses, nautiluses, bobtail squid and cuttlefish amongst its living members, is a small but highly diverse group of animals. The group boastsocean giants, colour and shape changing octopuses,luminous ink squirters, transparent deep sea squid,aquarium escape artists, animals that mimic other animals, giant eyed vampire squid and they ’ve even conquered the air in species that fly,yes fly (Muramatsu et al. 2013).In short, it ’s really hard to stand out at a cephalopod party without doing something really spectacular and yet there’s one group of octopods, the argonauts, which have a remarkable evolution on a par with the evolution of flight in ver...

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The week in wildlife – in pictures

Fri, 23 Mar 2018 14:18:12 +0100

A thirsty wolf, an albatross chick and a family of capybaras are among this week ’s pick of images from the natural worldContinue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)



Fantastic beasts: everything you need to know about conservation studies

Wed, 21 Mar 2018 00:01:14 +0100

The conservation sector requires postgrads with passion, curiosity and a commitment to scienceGiving a new tamarin monkey a health check or investigating why a gemsbok died are some of the more hands-on activities on theMSc in wild animal health at the Institute of Zoology, Zoological Society of London (ZSL). Wild animal care and conservation are fiercely competitive areas and a postgraduate course combined with volunteering in the field will boost your career chances no end, say course leaders.As awareness of the fragility of ecosystems grows, universities around the country are seeing a rise in interest in conservation-focused postgraduate degrees.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)



Archaeopteryx 'flew in bursts like a pheasant', scientists say

Tue, 13 Mar 2018 21:33:40 +0100

The winged Late Jurassic creature would take to the air in frenetic, flapping bounds, fossil x-rays showArchaeopteryx, one of life on Earth ’s first stabs at building a bird, evaded predators and cleared obstacles on the ground by bursting into flight like a startled pheasant, a new analysis suggests.High-resolution x-ray images of the creature ’s skeleton reveal tell-tale similarities with the bones of birds that cannot glide or soar but instead take to the air in frenetic, flapping bounds, scientists say.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)



ZooKeys special: Proceedings of the 17th International Congress of Myriapodology, Thailand

Thu, 08 Mar 2018 05:00:00 +0100

(Pensoft Publishers) For the third consecutive time, a special issue in the open access zoological journal ZooKeys is hosting a collection of the research findings presented at the International Congress of Myriapodology. The contemporary myriapod research presented at the 17th International Congress of Myriapodology, held in July 2017 in Krabi, Thailand, contains 13 novel research papers by 35 authors from across the world. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)



UGR scientist developed 3-D scans of beetles for Blade Runner 2049

Tue, 27 Feb 2018 05:00:00 +0100

(University of Granada) One of the main visual effects companies behind Blade Runner 2049, BUF, sought the collaboration of Javier Alba-Tercedor, a Professor of Zoology at the University of Granada, to obtain scans of different species of beetles used in the film's visual effects. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)

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Zoo Tinder – how technology is helping animals hook up

Mon, 26 Feb 2018 15:45:19 +0100

The Zoological Information Management System takes the guesswork out of animal attraction and helps promote genetic varietyName: Zoological Information Management System.Age: Eight.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)



The terrifying phenomenon that is pushing species towards extinction

Sun, 25 Feb 2018 08:00:04 +0100

Scientists are alarmed by a rise in mass mortality events – when species die in their thousands. Is it all down to climate change?There was almost something biblical about the scene of devastation that lay before Richard Kock as he stood in the wilderness of the Kazakhstan steppe. Dotted across the grassy plain, as far as the eye could see, were the corpses of thousands upon thousands of saiga antelopes. All appeared to have fallen where they were feeding.Some were mothers that had travelled to this remote wilderness for the annual calving season, while others were their offspring, just a few days old. Each had died in just a few hours from blood poisoning. In the 30C heat of a May day, the air around each of the rotting hulks was thick with flies.Continue reading... (Source: Guardi...



FDA Investigates Pattern of Contamination in Certain Raw Pet Foods Made by Arrow Reliance Inc., Including Darwin ’ s Natural Pet Products and ZooLogics Pet Food

Tue, 13 Feb 2018 23:25:00 +0100

The FDA is alerting pet owners to a history of four recalls of and multiple complaints associated with Darwin ’ s Natural and ZooLogics pet foods, manufactured by Arrow Reliance Inc., dba Darwin ’ s Natural Pet Products, over the period from October 17, 2016 to February 10, 2018. In each instance, the company recalled these products after being alerted to positive findings of Salmonella and/or Listeria monocytogenes in samples of their raw pet food products. (Source: Food and Drug Administration)



FDA Announcement of Certain Raw Pet Foods Made by Arrow Reliance Inc., Including Darwin ’s Natural Pet Products and ZooLogics Pet Food

Tue, 13 Feb 2018 23:25:00 +0100

The FDA is alerting pet owners to a history of four recalls of and multiple complaints associated with Darwin ’s Natural and ZooLogics pet foods, manufactured by Arrow Reliance Inc., dba Darwin’s Natural Pet Products, over the period from October 17, 2016 to February 10, 2018. In each instance, the company recalled these products after being alerted to positive findings of Salmonella and/or Listeria mon ocytogenes in samples of their raw pet food products. (Source: Food and Drug Administration)



FDA Announcement of Certain Raw Pet Foods Made by Arrow Reliance Inc., Including Darwin ’ s Natural Pet Products and ZooLogics Pet Food

Tue, 13 Feb 2018 23:25:00 +0100

The FDA is alerting pet owners to a history of four recalls of and multiple complaints associated with Darwin ’ s Natural and ZooLogics pet foods, manufactured by Arrow Reliance Inc., dba Darwin ’ s Natural Pet Products, over the period from October 17, 2016 to February 10, 2018. In each instance, the company recalled these products after being alerted to positive findings of Salmonella and/or Listeria monocytogenes in samples of their raw pet food products. (Source: Food and Drug Administration)

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Scientists capture exploding beetles' amazing escapes from toads' stomachs

Wed, 07 Feb 2018 00:01:50 +0100

Bombardier beetles observed causing audible toxic explosions inside toads stomachs causing them to vomit their lunch to freedomThe toad ’s reaction to the explosion deep in its stomach is not instantaneous. But in time the body shakes, the mouth opens, and the culprit is expelled: a mucus-covered beetle that will live to fight another day.Japanese scientists captured footage of the great escape during lab tests that pitted thewalking powder kegs that are bombardier beetles against hungry toads of different species and sizes. So effective were the beetle ’s defences against being eaten alive that even the researchers were taken aback.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)



Whale and shark species at increasing risk from microplastic pollution – study

Mon, 05 Feb 2018 06:01:48 +0100

Large filter feeders, such as baleen whales and basking sharks, could be particularly at risk from ingesting the tiny plastic particles, say scientistsWhales, some sharks and other marine species such as rays are increasingly at risk from microplastics in the oceans, anew study suggests.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)



Novel body structure likely tied to mating in new extinct insect species

Thu, 25 Jan 2018 05:00:00 +0100

(Chinese Academy of Sciences Headquarters) Based on 2-D and 3-D data of several morphological features, researchers scanned all specimens with differentμ-Ct devices at Institute of Zoology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Facility (BSRF) and Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility (SSRF). (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)



Two new snout moth genera and three new species discovered in southern China

Thu, 25 Jan 2018 05:00:00 +0100

(Pensoft Publishers) New members have joined the ranks of the snout moths -- one of the largest groups within the insect order known formally as Lepidoptera, comprising all moths and butterflies. Recently, a team of four taxonomists from the Institute of Zoology at the Chinese Academy of Sciences described two genera and three species previously unknown to science. Their study is published in the open access journal ZooKeys. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)



Wild Sri Lankan elephants retreat from the sound of disturbed Asian honey bees

Mon, 22 Jan 2018 05:00:00 +0100

(University of Oxford) A new study using playbacks, has for the first time shown that Asian elephants in Sri Lanka are scared of honey bees, much like their African counterparts.The study, led by Dr. Lucy King, a Research Associate with the Department of Zoology at Oxford University, showed that Asian elephants responded with alarm to the bee simulations. They also retreated significantly further away and vocalized more in response to the bee sounds compared to controls. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)

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Tiny dinosaur that roamed ‘lost world’ between Australia and Antarctica identified

Sun, 14 Jan 2018 03:27:30 +0100

Fossils found in 113-million-year-old rocks in Victoria lead to discovery of turkey-sized herbivore which lived in rift valleyMore than 10 years after fossils were discovered sticking out of a rock platform in Victoria ’s remote south-west, scientists have identified a new dinosaur that once roamed the “lost world” between Australia and Antarctica.Foot and tail fossils found in 113-million-year-old rocks near Cape Otway in 2005 have led to the discovery of a turkey-sized herbivore which lived in the Australian-Antarctic rift valley.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)



Fossil evidence reveals butterflies and moths lived 50m years earlier than thought

Wed, 10 Jan 2018 19:00:21 +0100

Earliest fossil evidence shows the winged insects were alive 200m years ago alongside the early dinosaursThe earliest known fossil evidence of butterflies and moths has been found in Germany, showing they lived at least 50m years earlier than previously believed and challenging one of the most popular beliefs about their evolution.Scales from the wings of at least seven species were found in a sample of just 10g of sediment – the weight of a UK pound coin – and researchers believe there are “many, many more” to be identified.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)



Two Hundred Researchers Take Part in Science Advocacy Event

Sat, 23 Dec 2017 01:05:31 +0100

Science took center stage in recent interactions between researchers and policymakers. Across the nation, biological scientists and educators met with their lawmakers as part of the Biological Sciences Congressional District Visits event, an initiative organized by the American Institute of Biological Sciences (AIBS). More than 200 scientists registered to participate in the event. This nationwide event provides a platform for meetings between scientists and their elected officials in their local area rather than in Washington, DC or a state capital, and allows lawmakers to learn first-hand about the science and research facilities in their district. “This annual event is an excellent opportunity for biologists to help inform public policy related to our science,” said Dr. R...



Evolutionary Systematics joins Pensoft's portfolio of open access scholarly journals

Fri, 22 Dec 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(Pensoft Publishers) Launched in 1884 and 1912, respectively, University of Hamburg's journal Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut and Entomologische Mitteilungen are now resurrected under the name of Evolutionary Systematics. Having joined the lines of the open access titles published on the Pensoft-developed technologically advanced journal publishing platform ARPHA, the journal remains devoted to whole-organism biology with a focus on collection-related research. The first issue of Evolutionary Systematics is live on the journal's new website. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)



Lost species of bee-mimicking moth rediscovered after 130 years

Fri, 15 Dec 2017 15:59:53 +0100

The rare oriental blue clearwing, that disguises itself as a bee, was spotted in the Malaysian rainforestA moth that disguises itself as a bee and was previously only identified by a single damaged specimen collected in 1887 has been rediscovered in the Malaysian rainforest by a lepidopterist from Poland.The oriental blue clearwing (Heterosphecia tawonoides) was seen “mud-puddling” – collecting salts and minerals from damp areas with its tongue-like proboscis – on the banks of a river in Malaysia’s lowland rainforest, one of the most wildlife-rich – and threatened – regions on Earth.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)

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A genetic mutation in the evolution helps to explain the origin of some human organs

Thu, 14 Dec 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(Center for Genomic Regulation) A genetic mutation that occurred over 700 million years ago may have contributed to the development of certain organs in human beings and other vertebrates. This change, a random error in the evolutionary process, facilitated the connection of the gene networks involved in animal embryogenesis. The study, published in the journal Nature Communications, was participated in by experts from the Centre for Genomic Regulation, the Department of Genetics from the University of Barcelona Institute of Biomedicine, and the Anton Dohrn Zoological Station in Italy. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)



4 Winter Solstice Rituals From Around the World

Wed, 13 Dec 2017 22:08:50 +0100

Thousands of people around the globe will herald the winter solstice, the shortest day of the year in the Northern Hemisphere, with centuries-old rituals like soaking in fruit-filled baths and dressing up as a devilish folklore legend that punishes naughty children around Christmas. The solstice, which falls on Dec. 21 this year, marks the first day of winter. It starts the moment the Northern Hemisphere is pointed at its farthest distance from the sun. The winter solstice is considered a turning point in the year in many cultures. The sacred day is also called Yule to pagans celebrating the birth of the new solar year, according to Circle Sanctuary, a prominent pagan group in America. Dozens of pagans and druids head to Stonehenge, an iconic site in England, to pay tribute to the sun duri...



Meet Dracula, the bloodsucking tick which feasted on dinosaurs 99m years ago

Wed, 13 Dec 2017 00:09:16 +0100

An Anglo-Spanish team of fossil hunters has found several perfectly preserved ticks amongst the remains of a feathered dinosaur nestAs if the dinosaurs didn ’t have enough to look out for with volcanic eruptions, fearsome predators stalking the land and a huge, unstoppable asteroid hurtling across space to ruin their day.Now scientists have found that the prehistoric beasts also hadblood-sucking ticks to contend with, having spotted carcasses of the parasites lodged in 99million-year-old lumps of Burmese amber along with material left over from dinosaurs and their nests.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)



Blue Planet II: from octopus v shark to fish that crawl, the series ’s biggest discoveries

Sun, 10 Dec 2017 11:25:13 +0100

The documentary ’s marvels are not just new to television – many are new to science as well. From hyper-intelligent fish to the origin of life itself, we round up the series’s breakthrough momentsIt is testament to the number of spectacles packed into Blue Planet II that a giant wrasse ’s strategetic change of gender is – scientifically speaking, at least – one of the least remarkable. Changing gender, or sequential hermaphroditism, is a fact of life for more than 400 species of fish, andhas already been widely studied.But many of the programme ’s marvels are new not just to television but to science itself. Some have only been published within the past half-decade; others existed only anecdotally until now. Here we track some of the most astonishing findings of the series.Co...



Insights on fast cockroaches can help teach robots to walk

Fri, 08 Dec 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(University of Cologne) A study scientists from the University of Cologne have published in Frontiers in Zoology shows for the first time that fast insects can change their gait -- like a mammal's transition from trot to gallop. These new insights could contribute to making the locomotion of robots more energy efficient. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)

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DNA sampling exposes nine 'yeti specimens' as eight bears and a dog

Wed, 29 Nov 2017 07:15:28 +0100

Although it has not revealed the existence of the abominable snowman, DNA analysis has shed light on the evolutionary ‘family tree’ of bears, scientists sayHuge, ape-like and hairy, the yeti has roamed its way into legend, tantalising explorers, mountaineers and locals with curious footprints and fleeting appearances. Now researchers say the elusive inhabitant of the Himalayas and Tibetan plateau has been unmasked.Scientists studying nine samples – including hair and teeth – supposedly from yetis, say the samples are not from a huge hominin but in fact mostly belonged to bears.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)



Bacteria as pacemaker for the intestine

Wed, 22 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(Kiel University) For the first time, a research team from the Cell and Developmental Biology (Bosch AG) working group at the Zoological Institute at Kiel University (CAU) has been able to prove that the bacterial colonisation of the intestine plays an important role in controlling peristaltic functions. The scientists published their results yesterday -- derived from the example of freshwater polyps Hydra -- in the latest issue of Scientific Reports. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)



Making science sexy for teenagers

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 00:00:00 +0100

With demand for science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) graduates far outstripping supply in Europe, the EU-funded STEM4youth project is taking these subjects back to the classroom, along with a dose of fun, to show teenagers that science can be sexy, and that it is central to many careers, from marketing analyst to ethics expert and zoologist. (Source: EUROPA - Research Information Centre)



Chester Zoo successfully breeds rare Catalan newt

Fri, 17 Nov 2017 15:06:52 +0100

Twelve Montseny newts – one of world’s rarest amphibians - hatched as part of joint breeding project with Catalan authoritiesConservationists at Chester Zoo have successfully bred one of the world ’s rarest amphibians – the Catalan newt – in an attempt to save it from extinction.The zoo is the first organisation outside Catalonia to become involved in the breeding project for the newt, the rarest amphibian in Europe.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)



A moment that changed me: seeing my first moth fish | Fiona Gell

Fri, 17 Nov 2017 10:33:00 +0100

I was 22 and fascinated by fish behaviour. But when scientist Amanda Vincent showed me this strange creature I became convinced that my future lay in conservation — not in the labLike many of the most important occasions in my life, the moment that changed me involved fish. Holding the desiccated carcass of a sea moth while talking to my heroine, the fish biologist and conservationistDr Amanda Vincent, altered the course of my life.I was 22, and had just finished my biology degree. For my dissertation research I had spent a couple of months following butterflyfish in the Ras Mohammed national park in the Egyptian Red Sea. I had grown to recognise them by their individual markings and, by snorkelling at a discreet distance, I had mapped their territories and recorded their daily routine.C...

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Parent-to-parent: Tips for Home Parenteral Nutrition families

Tue, 07 Nov 2017 13:00:12 +0100

Four-year-old Thomas Onorato is a young zoologist at heart. Often seen with binoculars in hand, the adventurous preschooler is particularly drawn to bird watching. He enjoys talking about his feathery friends and studying their beauty and habitat. Thomas’ love of animals runs so deep that he says he wants to be a veterinarian when he grows up. “Thomas is obsessed with animals. It’s his love,” says his mother, Melissa. Beyond his quest to care for animals, Thomas has two other important missions — to manage the rare condition, microvillus inclusion disease (MVID) and receive the lifesaving parenteral nutrition (PN) support he needs to grow and thrive. Microvillus inclusion disease is a genetic condition of the intestines that causes severe diarrhea and the inability to abso...



What Darwin ’s theories tell us about the shape alien life will take

Fri, 03 Nov 2017 13:09:50 +0100

All aliens must evolve, says a new study from scientists at the University of Oxford – and that gives us something to look for“It’s life, Jim, but not as we know it.” How many times did we hear Mr Spock say this back in the day when classic Star Trek ruled the airwaves?* What always interested me back then was how did he know that it was life if it was so barely recognisable by Earthly (or Vulcan) standards?Turns out a group of scientists from the zoology department at the University of Oxford may have the answer. Don ’t look for faces, eyes, limbs or any of the large-scale things that are so familiar to life on Earth. Don’t look at the chemistry either. Instead, look for the hallmarks of natural selection.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)



New species of orangutan discovered in Sumatra – and is already endangered

Thu, 02 Nov 2017 16:00:01 +0100

Scientists identify new species of great ape,Pongo tapanuliensis or Tapanuli orangutan, but fear its survival is already in doubt as habitat under threatA new species of great ape has been discovered, according to scientists studying a small population of orangutans in northern Sumatra.Among the great apes – a group that also includes humans, gorillas, chimpanzees and bonobos – orangutans are our most distant relative. Since 2001, two distinct species have been recognised: the Bornean (Pongo pygmaeus) and Sumatran (Pongo abelii) orangutans. Now, it seems, there is a third.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)



Why insects can develop from unfertilized egg cells

Thu, 26 Oct 2017 04:00:00 +0100

(Lomonosov Moscow State University) A scientist from the Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Biology, has, together with his Russian colleague, explained frequent occurrence of parthenogenesis -- development of organisms from unfertilized egg cells -- in insects. Studying this phenomenon is needed to successfully control species that cause damage to agriculture. The results were published in the Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)



Dreaming of a cure: the battle to beat narcolepsy

Sun, 22 Oct 2017 07:00:45 +0100

A global struggle to find the cause of the rare condition that causes uncontrollable sleepiness has a long and strange history, but there ’s hope of a cure at handOne of my first jobs was to keep a lookout for lions. There are some occupations that are not suitable for someone with untreated narcolepsy and this is probably one of them. I was 22, a recent zoology graduate studying meerkats in the Kalahari desert in South Africa. We worked in pairs, one of us on foot, walking with meerkats, the other in the jeep scanning the horizon for danger. On many occasions, I awoke with the imprint of the steering wheel on my forehead, realising that meerkats and colleague had wandered out of sight. I would look for signs of life and, as the panic grew, signs of death. I can tell this story now only ...

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Not so nasty: dinosaurs liked to snuggle up and socialise

Sat, 21 Oct 2017 23:05:36 +0100

Fossil discovered after 70 million years shows Jurassic group sleeping peacefully togetherThe three young dinosaurs had snuggled together to sleep when disaster struck. A thick layer of ash or soil, probably from a volcanic eruption or sand storm, poured over them and the animals, each the size of a large dog, died within minutes.For 70 million years they lay entombed, cradled beside each other within a slab of rock, until US scientists uncovered their remains earlier this year. Subsequent analysis of the fossilised bones – which come from the Gobi desert – reveal the first known example of roosting among dinosaurs.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)



Warning of 'ecological Armageddon' after dramatic plunge in insect numbers

Wed, 18 Oct 2017 18:00:01 +0100

Three-quarters of flying insects in nature reserves across Germany have vanished in 25 years, with serious implications for all life on Earth, scientists sayThe abundance of flying insects has plunged by three-quarters over the past 25 years, according to a new study that has shocked scientists.Insects are an integral part of life on Earth as both pollinators and prey for other wildlife and it was known that some speciessuch as butterflies were declining. But the newly revealed scale of the losses to all insects has prompted warnings that the world is “on course for ecological Armageddon”, with profound impacts on human society.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)



What sound do pandas make? You asked Google – here’s the answer | Jules Howard

Wed, 11 Oct 2017 07:00:05 +0100

Every day millions of internet users ask Google life ’s most difficult questions, big and small. Our writers answer some of the commonest queriesA great frustration for those who study natural history is that the sounds made by almost every extinct creature that ever lived will never be heard by human ears. The best we know of the call of thedodo, for instance, is that, perhaps, its name was an onomatopoeic allusion to a two-noted pigeon-like “cooo”. Likewise, the best we know of thegreat auk, a flightless penguin-like bird of the northern hemisphere, is that it may or may not have made a “gurgling noise when anxious”. My favourite of these extinct sounds is that of theHuia, a charming long-billed New Zealand bird which, although last seen in 1907, managed to stow its song into m...



Duck egg blue and oviraptor green: study reconstructs colour of dinosaur eggs

Wed, 11 Oct 2017 05:00:03 +0100

A new study of oviraptor eggshell fragments shows remarkable similarities between the reproductive biology of dinosaurs and birdsBird eggs come in a variety of colours. From the creamy and chalky whites in doves and pigeons to spotted yellow lapwing eggs and brown chicken eggs, to the blues of blackbirds and American robins. The striking colours and patterns have inspired artists, scientists and home decor makers fromAristotle tohigh-end jewellers. Thanks to palaeontology, we can now add oviraptor blue-green to the spectrum.Remarkably, only two chemical compounds bring about the whole spectrum of bird egg coloration and patterning: reddish-brown protoporphyrin IX and green-blue biliverdin. Both pigments have distinctly different chemical properties, and whereas biliverdin is distributed th...



Keeping moving -- flat worms shed light on role of migrating stem cells in cancer

Tue, 03 Oct 2017 04:00:00 +0100

(University of Oxford) A new study carried out by the University of Oxford has used flat worms to look at the role of migrating stem cells in cancer.Researchers from the Aboobaker lab in the Department of Zoology used the worms (planarians) which are known for their ability to regenerate their tissues and organs repeatedly. By understanding how stem cells are programmed to move, what activates them and how they follow a correct path, researchers may be able to design new treatments for cancer. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)

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Meet the New Spider Species Named After Bernie Sanders

Tue, 26 Sep 2017 15:40:28 +0100

What do Bernie Sanders, Barack Obama Michelle Obama, Leonardo DiCaprio and David Bowie have in common? Thanks to researchers at the University of Vermont, they all have a new species of spider named after them. Researchers gave the celebrity names to a group of tiny yellow spiders originally thought to be the same species. The Spintharus berniesandersi, for instance, is a tiny spider found in Cuba that measures just a millimeter long. Courtesy of Ingi Agnarsson/Agnarsson Lab Professor Ingi Agnarsson, who led the research project, explained to Sci-News why they gave the eight-legged creatures such recognizable names: “The students and I wanted to honor people who stood up for both human rights and warned about climate change — leaders and artists who promoted sensible approache...



Caribbean spiders named for Barack Obama, Bernie Sanders David Bowie, and others

Tue, 26 Sep 2017 04:00:00 +0100

(Oxford University Press USA) A new paper published in the Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society has identified and named 15 new species of spider in the Caribbean. Given the vernacular names 'smiley faced' spiders due to the distinctive markings on their backs, the new species have been given names including S. davidattenboroughi, S. barackobamai, and S.leonardodicaprioi. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)



The Naked Ape at 50: ‘Its central claim has surely stood the test of time ‘

Sun, 24 Sep 2017 06:30:38 +0100

In October 1967, Desmond Morris published his landmark study of human behaviour and evolution. Here four experts assess what he got right – and wrongProfessor of evolutionary psychology at the University of OxfordContinue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)



Scientists discover unique Brazilian frogs deaf to their own mating calls

Fri, 22 Sep 2017 11:15:56 +0100

Pumpkin toadlet frogs are only known case of an animal that continues to make a communication signal even after the target audience has lost the ability to hear itHumans trying to chat each other up in a noisy nightclub may find verbal communication futile. But it appears even more pointless forpumpkin toadlets after scientists discovered that females have lost the ability to hear the sound of male mating calls.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)



Vegetarian dinosaurs sometimes strayed for a shellfish snack – study

Fri, 22 Sep 2017 02:33:36 +0100

Analysis of fossilised dinosaur dung suggests some herbivorous dinosaurs may have also eaten crustaceansSome dinosaurs may not have been the strict vegetarians that palaeontologists thought they were.New analysis of fossilised dinosaur dung suggests some herbivorous dinosaurs may have also eaten crustaceans, according to a new study published Thursday in the Nature journal Scientific Reports.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)

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Scientists discover unique Brazilian frogs that are deaf to their own mating calls

Thu, 21 Sep 2017 09:07:14 +0100

Pumpkin toadlet frogs are only known case of an animal that continues to make a communication signal even after the target audience has lost the ability to hear itHumans trying to chat each other up in a noisy nightclub may find verbal communication futile. But it appears even more pointless forpumpkin toadlets after scientists discovered that females have lost the ability to hear the sound of male mating calls.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)



Fish may use different behaviors to protect against parasites

Wed, 20 Sep 2017 04:00:00 +0100

(Wiley) New research indicates that fish may adapt their behavior to defend against parasite infection. The findings are published in the Journal of Zoology. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)



Welfare of zoo animals set to improve

Mon, 18 Sep 2017 04:00:00 +0100

(University of Surrey) The wellbeing of zoological animals is set to improve following the successful trial of a new welfare assessment grid, a new study in the journal Veterinary Record reports. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)



Fathers can influence the sex of their offspring, scientists show

Mon, 11 Sep 2017 04:00:00 +0100

(University of Oxford) It has traditionally been thought that in mammals only mothers are able to influence the sex of their offspring.But a new study in wild mice led by Dr Aurelio Malo of Oxford University's Department of Zoology has shown that fathers can, in fact, influence sex ratios. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)



Hope for improving protection of the reticulated python

Wed, 30 Aug 2017 04:00:00 +0100

(Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ) Trading in skins of the reticulated python is such a lucrative business that illegal exports are rising sharply and existing trade restrictions are being circumvented on a large scale. This is endangering the stability of populations. Therefore, researchers from the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research and the Royal Zoological Society Scotland are developing genetic methods for tracking down individual origins and potential trade routes of the skins. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)

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Chilesaurus is the dinosaur discovery of the century | Brian Switek

Thu, 17 Aug 2017 09:36:01 +0100

This herbivorous creature could be the missing link in the dinosaur family tree, changing everything we think we know about their evolutionChilesaurus doesn ’t look like the kind of dinosaur that would kick up much of a fuss. The Jurassic saurian – named for the country, not the tasty peppers – was a small, bipedal herbivore that munched on plants over 150m years ago. It didn’t have nasty teeth, crazy horns, or the immense body size that typical ly launch the careers of Mesozoic celebrities. The creature’s secret is more subtle, and plays into a controversial reshuffling of the dinosaur family tree.Related:'Most bizarre dinosaur ever found' is missing evolutionary link – studyContinue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)



Monster mash: does the Frankenstein dinosaur solve the mystery of the Jurassic family tree?

Wed, 16 Aug 2017 14:57:05 +0100

Chilesaurus diegosuarezi, named after the seven-year-old who discovered it, changes everything we thought we knew about dino evolution …Name: Chilesaurus diegosuarezi.Nickname: The Frankenstein dinosaur.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)



Fish confusing plastic debris in ocean for food, study finds

Wed, 16 Aug 2017 05:30:31 +0100

Behavioural evidence suggests marine organisms are not just ingesting microplastics by accident but actively seeking them out as foodFish may be actively seeking out plastic debris in the oceans as the tiny pieces appear to smell similar to their natural prey, new research suggests.The fish confuse plastic for an edible substance because microplastics in the oceans pick up a covering of biological material, such as algae, that mimics the smell of food, according to thestudy published on Wednesdayin the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)



Fish mistaking plastic debris in ocean for food, study finds

Wed, 16 Aug 2017 05:30:31 +0100

Behavioural evidence suggests marine organisms are not just ingesting microplastics by accident but actively seeking them out as foodFish may be actively seeking out plastic debris in the oceans as the tiny pieces appear to smell similar to their natural prey, new research suggests.The fish confuse plastic for an edible substance because microplastics in the oceans pick up a covering of biological material, such as algae, that mimics the smell of food, according to thestudy published on Wednesdayin the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)



Sir Patrick Bateson obituary

Mon, 14 Aug 2017 12:07:19 +0100

Leading scientist who focused on the biological origins of animal behaviourSir Patrick Bateson, who has died aged 79, was a scientist whose work advanced the understanding of the biological origins of behaviour. He will also be remembered as a man of immense warmth and kindness, whose success as a leader, teacher and administrator of science owed much to his collaborative spirit, generosity and good humour.He was a key figure in ethology – the biological study of animal behaviour. As well as being a conceptual thinker who revelled in painting the big theoretical picture, he was an accomplished experimental scientist. He published extensively, with more than 300 journal papers and several books to his name.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)

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Scientists discover unknown virus in 'throwaway' DNA

Fri, 04 Aug 2017 04:00:00 +0100

(University of Oxford) A chance discovery has opened up a new method of finding unknown viruses.In research published in the journal Virus Evolution, scientists from Oxford University's Department of Zoology have revealed that Next-Generation Sequencing and its associated online DNA databases could be used in the field of viral discovery. They have developed algorithms that detect DNA from viruses that happen to be in fish blood or tissue samples, and could be used to identify viruses in a range of different species. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)



Wildlife royalties -- a future for conservation?

Fri, 04 Aug 2017 04:00:00 +0100

(University of Oxford) Should people who profit from the cultural representation of wildlife pay towards conservation?That is the question asked in new research conducted by zoologists from Oxford University's Wildlife Conservation Research Unit. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)



Paleoart: the strange history of dinosaurs in art – in pictures

Wed, 19 Jul 2017 06:00:12 +0100

Since the early 19th century, artists have depicted colourful – if sometimes fictional – dinosaurs and prehistoric environments, mingling science with unbridled fantasy. This art is the subject of a new book: PaleoartContinue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)



Too many bats are being killed for research

Wed, 19 Jul 2017 04:00:00 +0100

(Wiley) The work of zoologists worldwide is often an important asset for biodiversity protection, but a new article notes that scientists kill many bats -- even of threatened species -- to study them. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)



Scientists unlock planthoppers' potential to control future crop disease outbreaks

Tue, 18 Jul 2017 04:00:00 +0100

(eLife) Researchers from the Chinese Academy of Sciences' Institute of Zoology have discovered how a severe rice virus reproduces inside the small brown planthopper, a major carrier of the virus. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)

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Strong performance in Journal Citation Reports reaffirms Wiley as leading society publishing partner

Mon, 17 Jul 2017 14:04:12 +0100

Wiley’s performance in the 2017 release of Clarivate Analytics’ Journal Citation Reports (JCR) remains strong, maintaining its position as #3 in terms of the number of titles indexed, articles published and citations received. Overall, 1,214 Wiley journals were included in the reports (+9 from last year), of which 57% were society publications – strengthening Wiley’s position as the world’s leading society publishing partner. Wiley journals were ranked #1 in 26 subject categories, and achieved 363 top-10 category rankings. Particular success stories include the continued high performance of CA-A Cancer Journal for Clinicians (retaining its #1 spot across the entire JCR with an Impact Factor of 187.04), and the successful separation of the American Geophysical Union’s Journal of...



Tardigrades: Earth ’s unlikely beacon of life that can survive a cosmic cataclysm

Fri, 14 Jul 2017 15:23:27 +0100

Microscopic creatures reassure scientists complete eradication of life on the planet is extremely unlikelyWhether it is a supernova or an asteroid impact, should a cosmic calamity strike, it seems there will be at least one form of life left: a tubby, microscopic animal with the appearance of a crumpled hoover bag.The creatures, known as tardigrades, are staggeringly hardy animals, a millimetre or less in size, with species living in wet conditions that range from mountain tops to chilly ocean waters to moss and lichen on land.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)



'Truly unique': lioness adopts and nurses leopard cub

Fri, 14 Jul 2017 11:22:29 +0100

No wild cat has ever been observed nursing a cub from another species – the event may be the result of the Tanzanian lioness having lost her own litterA lioness has been spotted nursing a tiny leopard cub in Tanzania, the first time a wild cat is known to have adopted a cub from another species.The five-year old lioness, called Nosikitok is closely monitored by conservationists in the Ngorongoro conservation area and is known to have had a litter of her own in mid to late June.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)



So long, Dippy: museum's blue whale seeks to inspire love of living world

Wed, 12 Jul 2017 16:10:50 +0100

Natural History Museum in London signals urgency of wildlife crisis by replacing dinosaur centrepiece with species alive todayIn the hot summer of 1976, when Richard Sabin was 10, he went on a trip with his Birmingham primary school to theNatural History Museum in London. Blown away by the scale of what he was seeing, the wide-eyed schoolboy was told by an attendant that if he wanted to see something really big he should make his way to the mammal hall, where the skeletons of a number of whales, including an enormous blue whale, were displayed.“Another gallery attendant went past, and I stopped her and said, ‘Are these real?’” recalls Sabin. “And she said, ‘Yes they are. They’re the real skeletons of animals that still live in our oceans today.’ That was the sentence that r...



Meet with Your Lawmakers This Summer and Help Inform Science Policy

Tue, 11 Jul 2017 00:02:27 +0100

Registration is now open for the 2017 Biological Sciences Congressional District Visits event. This national initiative, organized by the American Institute of Biological Sciences, is an opportunity for biologists across the country to meet with their federal or state elected officials to showcase the people, facilities, and equipment that are required to support and conduct scientific research. Now in its ninth year, the event enables scientists, graduate students, representatives of research facilities, and people affiliated with scientific collections to meet with their federal or state elected officials without traveling to Washington, DC. Participants may either invite their elected officials to visit their research facility or can meet at the policymaker’s local office. AIBS...

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When very hungry caterpillars turn into cannibals

Mon, 10 Jul 2017 15:00:29 +0100

Research shows that defensive chemicals emitted by plants cause armyworms to turn on each otherCaterpillars turn into cannibals and eat each other when plants deploy defensive chemicals to make their foliage less appetising, research has revealed.While it was already known that caterpillars of many species munch on each other, and that plants have a range of defence mechanisms, it was not clear whether the two were linked.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)



Thought Leader: Quick Queries with Dr. Carl Clark, Mental Health Center of Denver (Video)

Thu, 06 Jul 2017 20:45:00 +0100

Carl Clark never planned to be the CEO of anything, but today he ’s the president and CEO of the Mental Health Center of Denver. As a young man, Clark was interested in anything that got him outdoors, so he studied zoology in college. It wasn’t until he had decided to pursue psychology instead that he found out about his dad’s bipolar disorder. “I feel like we got lucky, my family, that my dad got access to [mental health] services, because not a lot of people do,” Clark said. “In fact,… (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care News Headlines)



Feathered dinosaurs from China visit the UK | Susannah Lydon

Wed, 05 Jul 2017 15:21:21 +0100

An exhibition including iconic – and infamous – feathered dinosaur specimens comes to Europe for the first timeFeathered dinosaurs are rarely out of the news and area regular topic for our blog. For those in the UK, there ’s a rare opportunity to see some of the original feathered dinosaur specimens this summer in Nottingham.The exhibition – Dinosaurs of China: Ground Shakers to Feathered Flyers – opened on 1 July at Wollaton Hall, home of theNottingham Natural History Museum. The ground-shaking sauropodMamenchisaurus, mounted 13.5m tall in a rearing pose, is a spectacular centrepiece. But, from a scientific perspective, it ’s the much smaller dinosaur specimens, from the 125-million-year-old Jehol biota, that are the real stars of the show.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian...



Bone to pick: volunteers invited to rebuild 157-year-old whale skeleton

Wed, 05 Jul 2017 06:00:06 +0100

Whale Weekender at Grant Zoology Museum calls on public to clean then reassemble bones of 8-metre mammalThe public is invited to help reassemble a giant jigsaw in a London museum, 157 years after two Somerset fishermen went out to catch a “great fish” and brought back a northern bottlenosed whale more than eight metres (26ft) long.Their catch was a local sensation: the carcass went on a west country tour then the skeleton was displayed for years hanging from the ceiling of the museum in Weston-super-Mare.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)

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Dinosaur skeleton discovered under Surrey brick factory

Tue, 04 Jul 2017 22:04:35 +0100

Near-complete fossilised skeleton of 132m-year-old creature, believed to be an Iguanodon, has been taken to special laboratory for further investigationThe near-complete fossilised skeleton of a dinosaur, thought to have lived about 132m years ago, has been unearthed at a brick factory in Surrey.Paleontologists say they discovered the bones during a routine visit to the site of the Wienerberger quarry in February. The first clues came when the team looked at rock that had been turned up by a bulldozer at the site and discovered a couple of tail vertebrae.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)



Rare dinosaur remains discovered under Surrey brick factory

Tue, 04 Jul 2017 12:10:00 +0100

Near-complete fossilised skeleton of 132m-year-old creature, believed to be an Iguanodon, has been taken to special laboratory for further investigationThe near-complete fossilised skeleton of a dinosaur, thought to have lived about 132m years ago, has been unearthed at a brick factory in Surrey.Paleontologists say they discovered the bones during a routine visit to the site of the Wienerberger quarry in February. The first clues came when the team looked at rock that had been turned up by a bulldozer at the site and discovered a couple of tail vertebrae.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)



Pesticides damage survival of bee colonies, landmark study shows

Thu, 29 Jun 2017 18:00:17 +0100

The world ’s largest ever field trial demonstrates widely used insecticides harm both honeybees and wild bees, increasing calls for a banWidely used insecticides damage the survival of honeybee colonies, the world ’s largest ever field trial has shown for the first time, as well as harming wild bees.The farm-based research, along with a second new study, also suggests widespread contamination of entire landscapes and a toxic “cocktail effect” from multiple pesticides.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)



Dinosaurs ’ sensitive snouts enabled courtship ‘face stroking’, study suggests

Mon, 26 Jun 2017 23:01:14 +0100

Fossilised skull scans reveal neurovascular canal that might have enabled precision-feeding, and face-biting ‘to make a point’Dinosaurs ’ faces might have been much more sensitive than previously thought and may have helped them feed more carefully or woo potential mates, according to new research.Experts from the University of Southampton used advanced X-ray and 3D-imaging techniques to look inside the fossilised skull ofNeovenator salerii– a large carnivorous land-based dinosaur found on the Isle of Wight, and found evidence that it possessed an extremely sensitive snout of a kind previously only associated with aquatic feeders.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)



Meet with Your Lawmakers This Summer and Help Inform Science Policy

Mon, 26 Jun 2017 22:05:23 +0100

Registration is now open for the 2017 Biological Sciences Congressional District Visits event. This national initiative, organized by the American Institute of Biological Sciences, is an opportunity for biologists across the country to meet with their federal or state elected officials to showcase the people, facilities, and equipment that are required to support and conduct scientific research. Now in its ninth year, the event enables scientists, graduate students, representatives of research facilities, and people affiliated with scientific collections to meet with their federal or state elected officials without traveling to Washington, DC. Participants may either invite their elected officials to visit their research facility or can meet at the policymaker’s local office. AIBS...

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The week in wildlife – in pictures

Fri, 23 Jun 2017 13:22:40 +0100

Bison, bluebells, bumble bees and beavers are among this week ’s pick of images from the natural worldContinue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)



Life won't find a way: how an ostrich fossil halted plans for a real-life Jurassic Park | Elsa Panciroli

Wed, 21 Jun 2017 07:00:24 +0100

Despite dinosaurs having met extinction long ago, our dreams of reviving them refuse to die. Recent events imply we may have to settle for resurrecting poultryThere are some ideas that just won ’t die. Like the villain in a movie, even when they’ve been shot with the bullets of refutation, scalded by heated discourse, and pushed off into the pool of disproven theories, these ideas still claw their way back, bedraggled and screaming, to attack us one more time.If there is one idea in palaeontology that typifies this tiresome cycle, it is the resurrection of the dinosaurs. “Can we ever bring them back?” it is so often asked. Despite scientists repeatedly saying no, the question lives on. This is due in part to the rehashing of a handful of studies that seemed for a moment to offer pr...



What if dinosaurs were still alive? You asked Google – here’s the answer | Brian Switek

Wed, 21 Jun 2017 07:00:24 +0100

Every day millions of internet users ask Google life ’s most difficult questions, big and small. Our writers answer some of the commonest queriesDinosaurs dominated terrestrial life on this planet for over 130m years. If it hadn ’t been for a wayward asteroid, the reign of Tyrannosaurus rex and its ilk could have lasted for at least another 66m. In fact, let’s presume for a moment that thecosmic boulder that ended the Cretaceous period totally missed Earth and allowed dinosaurs to survive to the present. What would life be like now?Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)



'We're her sort of mum': behind the scenes at Taronga zoo | photo-essay

Sun, 18 Jun 2017 19:00:15 +0100

We join the keepers at Sydney ’s Taronga zoo as they nurture and train their newest arrivals, including Maiya the red panda and Kamini the pygmy hippo. A photo-essay by Jonny WeeksLily and Blossom are about to be toilet trained at Taronga zoo. The two young sugar gliders are curled up together inside a wooden box within a staff bathroom while trainer Suzie Lemon is trying to coax them out with the promise of a sugary, sap-like treat. Lily eventually emerges and promptly pees all over the floor but Lemon doesn ’t seem to mind. After all, they’re not here for that kind of toilet training.“We’re training them to glide over to us on cue to demonstrate their natural gliding behaviour,” Lemon explains. “We needed an enclosed space, somewhere with four solid walls, because in future...



'We're sort of her mum': behind the scenes at Taronga zoo | photo-essay

Sun, 18 Jun 2017 19:00:15 +0100

We join the keepers at Sydney ’s Taronga zoo as they nurture and train their newest arrivals, including Maiya the red panda and Kamini the pygmy hippo. A photo-essay by Jonny WeeksLily and Blossom are about to be toilet trained at Taronga zoo. The two young sugar gliders are curled up together inside a wooden box within a staff bathroom while trainer Suzie Lemon is trying to coax them out with the promise of a sugary, sap-like treat. Lily eventually emerges and promptly pees all over the floor but Lemon doesn ’t seem to mind. After all, they’re not here for that kind of toilet training.“We’re training them to glide over to us on cue to demonstrate their natural gliding behaviour,” Lemon explains. “We needed an enclosed space, somewhere with four solid walls, because in future...

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Taylor & Francis partners with The Conversation Africa to boost engagement with African research

Tue, 13 Jun 2017 15:00:07 +0100

Taylor & Francis and The Conversation Africa announce a new partnership to facilitate African researchers increasing public engagement with their work and expertise. By acting as Funding Partner, Taylor & Francis will work with The Conversation Africa to highlight essential African research and offer T&F authors, journal editors, and publishing partners closer links with the African news website. The Conversation is an international network of news websites, addressing the news agenda from an academic perspective. TC-Africa was established in 2015, joining Conversation websites in Australia, the UK, France and the US into a global newsroom dedicated to transforming knowledge from universities and research institutions into concise, readable articles. After just two years, TC-Af...



Meet with Your Lawmakers This Summer and Help Inform Science Policy

Mon, 12 Jun 2017 21:08:43 +0100

Registration is now open for the 2017 Biological Sciences Congressional District Visits event. This national initiative, organized by the American Institute of Biological Sciences, is an opportunity for biologists across the country to meet with their federal or state elected officials to showcase the people, facilities, and equipment that are required to support and conduct scientific research. Now in its ninth year, the event enables scientists, graduate students, representatives of research facilities, and people affiliated with scientific collections to meet with their federal or state elected officials without traveling to Washington, DC. Participants may either invite their elected officials to visit their research facility or can meet at the policymaker’s local office. AIBS...



William 'Skip' Baker Joins White River Medical Center (Movers & Shakers)

Mon, 12 Jun 2017 06:23:12 +0100

Dr. William "Skip" Baker has been hired as medical director and Dr. Danyale Wallace has been appointed assistant medical director in the emergency department at White River Medical Center in Batesville. Baker previously was the director of emergency services and trauma and an emergency department physician at NEA Baptist Memorial Hospital in Jonesboro. Baker earned a Bachelor of Science in Agriculture degree from Arkansas State University in Jonesboro and received his medical degree from the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences in Little Rock. He also completed a three-year residency in emergency medicine at UAMS in Little Rock. Wallace was previously the assistant facility medical director at NEA Baptist Memorial Hospital. Wallace completed her undergraduate degree in sociology and...



Epigenetic signaling axis regulates proliferation and self-renewal of neural stem/progenitor cells

Mon, 12 Jun 2017 04:00:00 +0100

(Chinese Academy of Sciences Headquarters) In a recent study published in Stem Cell Reports, a team led by Drs. LIU Changmei and TENG Zhaoqian from the State Key Laboratory of Stem Cell and Reproductive Biology, Institute of Zoology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, found a novel epigenetic signaling axis (composed of PRC1, microRNA, and PRC2) that regulates self-renewal and proliferation of NSPCs. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)



How the Galapagos cormorant lost its ability to fly

Thu, 01 Jun 2017 19:30:00 +0100

The flightless Galapagos cormorant is one of a diverse array of animals that live on the Galapagos Islands, which piqued Charles Darwin ’s scientific curiosity in the 1830s. He hypothesized that altered evolutionary pressures may have contributed to the loss of the ability to fly in birds like the Galapagos cormorant.In a new study unraveling the cormorant ’s DNA, UCLA scientists discovered genetic changes that transpired during the past 2 million years and contributed to the bird’s inability to fly. Interestingly, when these same genes go awry in humans, they cause bone-development disorders called skeletalciliopathies.Published today in the journal Science, the findings shed light on the genetic mechanisms underlying the evolution of limb size and could eventually lead to new treat...

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An Endangered Lizard From Indonesia May Hold The Key To Treating Superbugs

Tue, 30 May 2017 19:33:52 +0100

Komodo dragons, the 10-foot, 300-pound lizards found in Indonesia, do not bite humans unless attacked, but when they do, it can prove deadly. Not only is the venom in their teeth potentially fatal, they may also harbor bacteria in their mouths that is dangerous to their prey (typically, deer and pigs). The question of whether Komodo dragons deliver fatal bacterial infections to their prey when they bite has been somewhat controversial: A 2013 study, refuting previously accepted common wisdom, swabbed the mouths of 16 captive Komodo dragons and found they had less bacteria than other predators, such as lions.  Nonetheless, Komodo dragons in the wild eat carrion and live in environments rich in bacteria yet rarely become infected, though local prey such as water buffalo do. And one reas...



An Imperiled Indonesian Lizard May Hold The Key To Fighting Superbugs

Tue, 30 May 2017 19:33:52 +0100

Komodo dragons, the 10-foot, 300-pound lizards found in Indonesia, do not bite humans unless attacked, but when they do, it can prove deadly. Not only is the venom in their teeth potentially fatal, they may also harbor bacteria in their mouths that is dangerous to their prey (typically, deer and pigs). The question of whether Komodo dragons deliver fatal bacterial infections to their prey when they bite has been somewhat controversial: A 2013 study, refuting previously accepted common wisdom, swabbed the mouths of 16 captive Komodo dragons and found they had less bacteria than other predators, such as lions.  Nonetheless, Komodo dragons in the wild eat carrion and live in environments rich in bacteria yet rarely become infected, though local prey such as water buffalo do. And one reas...



Meet with Your Lawmakers This Summer and Help Inform Science Policy

Tue, 30 May 2017 17:08:21 +0100

Registration is now open for the 2017 Biological Sciences Congressional District Visits event. This national initiative, organized by the American Institute of Biological Sciences, is an opportunity for biologists across the country to meet with their federal or state elected officials to showcase the people, facilities, and equipment that are required to support and conduct scientific research. Now in its ninth year, the event enables scientists, graduate students, representatives of research facilities, and people affiliated with scientific collections to meet with their federal or state elected officials without traveling to Washington, DC. Participants may either invite their elected officials to visit their research facility or can meet at the policymaker’s local office. AIBS...



The week in wildlife – in pictures

Fri, 26 May 2017 13:00:12 +0100

Herons in flight, an inquisitive marmot and a blue whale are among this week ’s pick of images from the natural worldContinue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)

MedWorm Message: If you are looking to buy something in the January Sales please visit TheJanuarySales.com for a directory of all the best sales in the UK. Any income gained via affiliate links keeps MedWorm running.




Here be dragons: the million-year journey of the Komodo dragon | Hanneke Meijer

Wed, 17 May 2017 11:09:54 +0100

Far from being the special result of insular evolution, Komodo dragons are the last survivors of a group of huge lizards that ranged over much of AustralasiaIn 1910, Lieutenant Jacques Karel Henri van Steyn van Hensbroek was stationed onFloresIsland in eastern Indonesia within the Dutch colonial administration, when he received word of a “land crocodile” of unusually large size living on the nearby island ofKomodo. Intrigued, he set out to Komodo to investigate for himself. He returned with a photo and the skin of the animal, which he sent to Pieter Ouwens, then director of the Java Zoological Museum and Botanical Gardens in Buitenzorg (now Bogor). The animal was not a crocodile of any sort, but a large monitor lizard. Ouwens realised that this animal was new to science and published t...



Alberta museum unveils world's best-preserved armoured dinosaur

Mon, 15 May 2017 18:12:42 +0100

Fossil of 18ft nodosaur found in 2011 in Alberta ’s tar sands goes on display after 7,000 hours of reconstruction workIt has been compared to a dinosaur mummy, a lifelike sculpture and even a dragon from Game of Thrones.Now, 110 million years after it died, the 18ft-long nodosaur – hailed as the best-preserved armoured dinosaur in the world – has been unveiled at a Canadian museum.Continue reading... (Source: Guardian Unlimited Science)



Dental Hygiene KOL Patti DiGangi, RDH Publishes the ROMA* Manual on Dentistry

Mon, 15 May 2017 17:30:00 +0100

Part of the DentalCodeology Series, the New Book is a Light Hearted,Yet Deadly Serious Look at the Dental ProfessionAddison, IL – May 09, 2017 – Patti DiGangi, RDH, BS, a prominent dental hygiene thought leader, took a totally different approach when writing the latest book in her DentalCodeology Series.She and co-author Dr. Benson Baty took a humorous approach in examining some of the observations, insights and urban legends associated with patient communications, dental team interactions and clinical practice.“You can’t make this stuff up,” says DiGangi. “I think everyone who has worked a few years in a dental office has a ROMA book in them!” If you think ROMA stands forResultsOrientedManagement andAccountability, think again.Those with a military background may recognize t...



Meet with Your Lawmakers This Summer and Help Inform Science Policy

Mon, 15 May 2017 16:06:10 +0100

Registration is now open for the 2017 Biological Sciences Congressional District Visits event. This national initiative, organized by the American Institute of Biological Sciences, is an opportunity for biologists across the country to meet with their federal or state elected officials to showcase the people, facilities, and equipment that are required to support and conduct scientific research. Now in its ninth year, the event enables scientists, graduate students, representatives of research facilities, and people affiliated with scientific collections to meet with their federal or state elected officials without traveling to Washington, DC. Participants may either invite their elected officials to visit their research facility or can meet at the policymaker’s local office. AIBS...



New butterfly species discovered in Israel for the first time in 109 years

Fri, 05 May 2017 04:00:00 +0100

(Pensoft Publishers) Little does a scientist expect to discover a new species of easy-to-see and well-studied animal, especially if it inhabits thoroughly explored areas. However, Vladimir Lukhtanov, a biologist at the Zoological Institute in St. Petersburg, Russia, made a startling discovery: a new, beautiful butterfly named Acentria's fritillary, which was spotted as it flew over the slopes of the popular Mount Hermon ski resort in northern Israel. It is described in the open access journal Comparative Cytogenetics. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)

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Feeding strategies in competing hummingbird species observed in a small area in Brazil

Tue, 02 May 2017 04:00:00 +0100

(Pensoft Publishers) Being the vertebrates with the highest metabolic rate thanks to their rapid wing flaps, the hummingbirds have evolved various feeding behaviors. While they tend to go for food high in energy, strong competition affects greatly their preferences and behavior towards either dominance, obedience, traplining or a strategy named hide-and-wait, conclude Brazilian scientists after observing several species of hummingbirds over the span of six months. Their conclusions are published in the open access journal Zoologia. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)