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MedWorm: Infectious Diseases News



MedWorm.com provides a medical RSS filtering service. Thousands of medical RSS feeds are combined and output via different filters. This feed contains the latest news in Infectious Diseases



Last Build Date: Tue, 21 Nov 2017 07:31:19 +0100

 



Angola:Moxico - Most Deaths in General Hospital Caused By Malaria

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 14:34:24 +0100

[ANGOP] Luena -Malaria was the main cause of death in the last seven days in the General Hospital of the eastern Moxico Province, the head of the institution?s Casualty ward, J úlio Pedro Mendes, has informed. (Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria)

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Assessing Zika Risk in International Travelers Assessing Zika Risk in International Travelers

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 13:23:19 +0100

Travelers need to be educated about their risks and decide which they are willing to accept.CDC Expert Commentary (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)



Rwanda:Mass Non-Surgical Circumcision 'Prepex' Curbing HIV Transmission in Rwanda

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 13:15:37 +0100

[New Times] Kamanzi Alex is one of thousands of Rwanda men who have finally decided to have the cut - get circumcised. He has come for his second and last immunization jab against tetanus prior the procedure at Rwamagana hospital. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)



Nigeria:How Severe Malaria Is Ravaging States

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 10:28:39 +0100

[Daily Trust] Abuja, Kano, Birnin Kebbi -Reports from the North Western states of Kano, Kaduna, Katsina, Kebbi and Sokoto as well as the Federal Capital, Abuja indicated a resurgence of malaria in these areas. (Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria)



Evaluation of Five Commercial Zika Virus Immunoassays Evaluation of Five Commercial Zika Virus Immunoassays

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 06:14:39 +0100

The authors compare the sensitivity and specificity of several diagnostic immunoassays for Zika virus. How do they measure up?Emerging Infectious Diseases (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)



Zika-related nerve damage caused by immune response to the virus

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(Yale University) The immune system's response to the Zika virus, rather than the virus itself, may be responsible for nerve-related complications of infection, according to a Yale study. This insight could lead to new ways of treating patients with Zika-related complications, such as Guillain-Barr é syndrome, the researchers said. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)

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Cholesterol helps flu virus escape through host cell's membrane

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(Massachusetts Institute of Technology) An MIT study provides the clearest picture yet of how viral buds filled with flu virus are pinched off from a host cell membrane before breaking free to infect again. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)



Brain cell advance brings fresh hope for CJD therapies

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(University of Edinburgh) Scientists at the University of Edinburgh have developed a new system to study Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in the laboratory, paving the way for research to find treatments for the fatal brain disorder. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)



Sea sponges ‘can save us from superbugs'

Sun, 19 Nov 2017 00:01:00 +0100

SCIENTISTS are harvesting bacteria-eating compounds from sea sponges that could be used to kill drug-resistant infections. (Source: Daily Express - Health)



'It's not possible to eradicate plague', scientists warn

Fri, 17 Nov 2017 15:07:24 +0100

Professor Allen Cheng, an infectious disease expert at Monash University, warned this year's outbreak in Madagascar has been 'unusual' - because of it being airborne. (Source: the Mail online | Health)



Lab Screening of Kids Entering Foster Care May Have Low Yield Lab Screening of Kids Entering Foster Care May Have Low Yield

Fri, 17 Nov 2017 14:04:41 +0100

Laboratory screening for infectious diseases in children entering foster care yields few results that are clinically meaningful, researchers report.Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)

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How Severe Dengue Infection Causes Vascular Leakage How Severe Dengue Infection Causes Vascular Leakage

Fri, 17 Nov 2017 14:01:22 +0100

Dengue virus causes vascular leak through its nonstructural protein 1 (NS1)-mediated disruption of endothelial glycocalyx components, researchers report.Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape Pathology Headlines)



Clinic on Dynamical Approaches to Infectious Disease Data

Fri, 17 Nov 2017 13:45:32 +0100

December 10-16, 2017; Jacksonville& Yulee, FL.(International Clinics on Infectious Disease Dynamics and Data Program) (Source: PHPartners.org)



Malawi:Group to Build LGBTI Inclusiveness Among Faith Community

Fri, 17 Nov 2017 10:27:41 +0100

[Nyasa Times] One of Malawi's faith based organisations Malawi Network of Religious Leaders Living with or Personally Affected with HIV and Aids (MANERELA) has embarked on a new project under the theme 'Building LGBTI Inclusive Faith Communities in Malawi'. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)



Malawi:Story Workshop Takes TB Awareness to Nsanje Prison Inmates

Fri, 17 Nov 2017 07:51:03 +0100

[Malawi News Agency] Nsanje -Story Workshop has advised Nsanje inmates to undergo Tuberculosis (TB) testing since they are vulnerable to such diseases. (Source: AllAfrica News: Tuberculosis)



Postflooding Leptospirosis -- Louisiana, 2016 Postflooding Leptospirosis -- Louisiana, 2016

Fri, 17 Nov 2017 05:14:40 +0100

This report highlights the potential for infection due to floodwater exposure.Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)

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UN-led ministerial conference in Moscow agrees universal commitment to end tuberculosis

Fri, 17 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

On Friday, 75 ministers announced a landmark agreement to take urgent action to end tuberculosis (TB) by 2030 at the conclusion of a World Health Organization (WHO) conference in Moscow, Russia, on eradicating the world's deadliest infectious disease. (Source: UN News Centre - Health, Poverty, Food Security)



Flu vaccine prevents hospitalization in children

Fri, 17 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(Public Health Ontario) Children vaccinated against influenza are significantly less likely to experience serious complications from the virus that could land them in hospital, new research from Public Health Ontario (PHO) and the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences (ICES) has found. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)



Ending TB means investing in R & D

Fri, 17 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(Burness) This week, as health ministers, diplomats and other representatives meet to discuss tuberculosis (TB) at the World Health Organization (WHO) Ministerial Conference in Moscow, millions of people are suffering from the disease. The governments around the world can and must end this suffering through a major and sustained investment in TB research and development (R&D).   (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)



Anti-malaria drug shows promise as Zika virus treatment

Fri, 17 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(Sanford-Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute) California researchers have discovered that a medication used to prevent and treat malaria may also be effective for Zika virus. The drug, called chloroquine, has a long history of safe use during pregnancy, and is relatively inexpensive. The research was published today in Scientific Reports. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)



Could Giant Rats Help Fight Tuberculosis in Major Cities? Could Giant Rats Help Fight Tuberculosis in Major Cities?

Thu, 16 Nov 2017 21:06:50 +0100

Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)

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Angola:Angola Participates in WHO Conference

Thu, 16 Nov 2017 14:48:17 +0100

[ANGOP] Luanda -Angola is participating on Thursday and Friday in the first Ministerial Conference of the World Health Organization (WHO) on Tuberculosis, which is taking place in Moscow, Russia. (Source: AllAfrica News: Tuberculosis)



Nigeria:Why We Use Mosquito Net to Protect Plants - Farmers

Thu, 16 Nov 2017 11:38:49 +0100

[Daily Trust] Sokoto -Mosquito net is used for protection against the malarial vector's bite and killer infection in human beings but some peasant farmers in Sokoto have extended its use to also protect their plant nurseries. (Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria)



Botswana:Couple Wins Maiden Pregnancy Pageant

Thu, 16 Nov 2017 11:24:14 +0100

[Botswana Daily News] Francistown -Kesalopa Folae and her partner Juit Tshetlhana walked away with the Best Pregnant Couple crown over the weekend after battling it out with nine other contestants. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)



Nigeria:CRS Distributes 2.4 Million Free LLIN to Fight Malaria in Ondo

Thu, 16 Nov 2017 11:03:17 +0100

[Guardian] Akure -Catholic Relief Services (CRS) has declared that a total of 2,444,036 Long Lasting Insecticidal Nets (LLIN) were distributed to residents of Ondo State. (Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria)



Africa:New Breath Examination for Malaria

Thu, 16 Nov 2017 06:40:31 +0100

[East African] People with malaria exhale a distinctive "breathprint," insights scientists have used to develop a new breath test for diagnosing the killer disease in a group of African children, according to a new study published in the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. (Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria)

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High Volume of Lyme Disease Reported in a Low-Incidence State High Volume of Lyme Disease Reported in a Low-Incidence State

Thu, 16 Nov 2017 05:14:44 +0100

An unusual increase in suspected Lyme disease cases in Arkansas underscores the importance of Lyme disease surveillance in this and other states which have been considered low-risk.Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)



Multiple STI POC Tests With a'Sample First' Approach Multiple STI POC Tests With a'Sample First' Approach

Thu, 16 Nov 2017 05:14:16 +0100

What benefits might a'sample first'clinical pathway offer in the diagnosis and treatment of STIs?Sexually Transmitted Infections (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)



Unlocking the secrets of Ebola

Thu, 16 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory) Scientists have identified a set of biomarkers that indicate which patients infected with the Ebola virus are most at risk of dying from the disease. The results come from one of the most in-depth studies ever of blood samples from patients with Ebola. Researchers found 11 biomarkers that distinguish fatal infections from non-fatal ones and two that, when screened for early upon symptom onset, accurately predict which patients are likely to die. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)



One health researchers identify hot spots of tick-borne diseases in Mongolia

Thu, 16 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(George Mason University) Given the critical role livestock play in Mongolia, transmission of tick-borne diseases can have very real health and economic implications for livestock and herders. George Mason University's Dr. Michael von Fricken and colleagues explored the interaction between nomadic herders, the livestock they own, and the tick-borne diseases they are exposed to. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)



Study raises possibility of naturally acquired immunity against Zika virus

Thu, 16 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center) Birth defects in babies born infected with Zika virus remain a major health concern. Now, scientists suggest the possibility that some women in high-risk Zika regions may already be protected and not know it. New research in PLOS Pathogens on Nov. 16, performed in mice, shows women who develop symptom-free Zika infections may be able to acquire immunity that would protect them from future infections and their offspring in a future pregnancy. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)

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In the heart of devastating outbreak, research team unlocks secrets of Ebola

Thu, 16 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(University of Wisconsin-Madison) In a comprehensive and complex molecular study of blood samples from Ebola patients in Sierra Leone, published today (Nov. 16, 2017) in Cell Host and Microbe, a scientific team led by the University of Wisconsin-Madison has identified signatures of Ebola virus disease that may aid in future treatment efforts. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)



Progression from infection to pulmonary tuberculosis follows distinct timeline

Thu, 16 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(PLOS) Researchers have uncovered a sequence of biological processes that occur in humans infected with the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis as the infection progresses to pulmonary tuberculosis, according to new research published in PLOS Pathogens. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)



Prior asymptomatic zika infection protects against reinfection in pregnant mice

Thu, 16 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(PLOS) Protective antibodies from prior asymptomatic Zika infection defend against reinfection during pregnancy in mice, according to new research published in PLOS Pathogens. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)



Veni vidi vici: How natural killer cells conquer the superbug Klebsiella

Thu, 16 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(University of Vienna) Multidrug resistance of microbes poses a serious global threat to human health. Resistant strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae significantly reduce therapeutic options for the treatment of potentially fatal pneumonia or sepsis. Pavel Kovarik and his team now report new insights into how immune cells communicate at the site of infection and join forces in the fight against Klebsiella infections. Their results might be used for the development of alternatives to ineffective anti-microbial drugs. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)



'The Brazilian Zika outbreak could end soon'

Thu, 16 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(German Center for Infection Research) Scientists have elucidated the Zika burden in a Brazilian metropolis. Their data indicate: the outbreak may be coming to an end and further outbreaks in the region seem unlikely. The study has also provided new evidence supporting the link between Zika infection during pregnancy and malformations in newborns. A third finding is important with regard to intervention measures: Zika virus infection predominantly affects poor regions. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)

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A structural clue to attacking malaria's 'Achilles heel'

Thu, 16 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(Scripps Research Institute) New research could boost the development of a more potent vaccine against the global killer. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)



Fears Mount Over Superbugs, but Simple Steps on Farms Can Help Fears Mount Over Superbugs, but Simple Steps on Farms Can Help

Wed, 15 Nov 2017 18:38:23 +0100

Imagine a world where a small cut on your finger or a routine hip replacement surgery could prove fatal. This is the future humanity is facing unless the use and abuse of antibiotics is curbed in both humans and animals, experts have warned.Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape Infectious Diseases Headlines)



Tell Health Leaders to #StepUpForTB

Wed, 15 Nov 2017 15:08:55 +0100

Take action today to help prevent, treat, and cure TB. Tell health ministers in TB-affected countries to step up their fight against the world ’s deadliest infectious disease.Language English (Source: MSF News)



Nigeria:HIV/Aids - Nigerians to Get Tools to Do Self-Tests At Home - Minister

Wed, 15 Nov 2017 11:16:24 +0100

[Premium Times] Nigerians will soon have more access to HIV self-test kits, which will allow them know their HIV status from the comfort of their homes, the minister of health, Isaac Adewole, has said. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)

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Africa:Research Shows HIV Remission Is Possible

Wed, 15 Nov 2017 11:02:20 +0100

[CSJNews] The cure for HIV and AIDS may not be found this year or next year but there is hope as research shows HIV remission is possible, writes CAROLINE TIEMESSEN (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)



Malawi:Prisoners Urged to Go for Early TB Screening

Wed, 15 Nov 2017 09:15:45 +0100

[Malawi News Agency] Chikwawa -The Story Workshop, a Media Non Governmental Organization (NGO) that aims at promoting social change is conducting sensitization activities in prisons meant to assist inmates observe signs of Tuberculosis so that they seek early treatment. (Source: AllAfrica News: Tuberculosis)



Angola:Over 40,000 Cases of Malaria Recorded in Saurimo

Wed, 15 Nov 2017 07:02:35 +0100

[ANGOP] Saurimo -At least 43,604 cases of malaria have been recorded in the last 10 months, against the 55,243 cases in the same period of last year in the municipality of Saurimo, northeastern Lunda Sul province. (Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria)



Investor group warns U.S. farm antibiotic policy lagging

Wed, 15 Nov 2017 05:07:14 +0100

LOS ANGELES (Reuters) - The United States is falling behind Europe in the fight to curb the overuse and misuse of antibiotics in meat production and experts are warning of the possibility of dangerous drug-resistant "superbug" infections as a result, according to a new report on Tuesday. (Source: Reuters: Health)



Stopping the dengue threat

Wed, 15 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(Queensland University of Technology) Improved disease surveillance at Australian ports and borders could prevent the growing threat of dengue infection spreading across the country. A new QUT study has identified potential risk factors linked to dengue outbreaks beyond climatic conditions, including social factors, interstate and overseas travellers, rainwater tanks and economic status. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)

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Winners of the 2017 AAAS Kavli Science Journalism Awards

Wed, 15 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(American Association for the Advancement of Science) Stories on the social value of aging female killer whales, a frantic meteor hunt in the Australian Outback and the unusual brain of the world's greatest solo climber are among the winners of the 2017 AAAS Kavli Science Journalism Awards. Judges also honored 'Boomtown, Flood Town,' an ambitious online report by ProPublica and The Texas Tribune, and a Reuters series on inadequate tracking of 'superbug' infections. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)



Infectious diseases experts train frontline clinicians to research effective antibiotic use

Wed, 15 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America) Today, healthcare professionals from across the US are gathering to further national and hospital-based research to improve the use and effectiveness of antibiotics. The Antimicrobial Stewardship Research Workshop will prepare healthcare professionals to design, deploy, and evaluate antibiotic stewardship interventions that seek to stem drug resistant bacteria and improve patient care. The two-day meeting is hosted by the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA) with the support of an unrestricted grant from Merck. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)



New study examines value of routine laboratory screenings for children entering foster care

Wed, 15 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center) Routine laboratory screening recommended for children entering foster care carries high costs and questionable medical benefits. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)



Combined resistance to multiple antibiotics: A growing problem in the EU

Wed, 15 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC)) On the occasion of the 10th European Antibiotic Awareness Day, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) is releasing its latest EU-wide data on antibiotic resistance, as well as its guidance on prevention and control of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE). In 2016, combined resistance to several antibiotic groups continued to increase for Escherichia coli and Acinetobacter species. This situation is of great concern as patients infected with these multidrug-resistant bacteria have very limited treatment options. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)



Marburg virus disease – Uganda and Kenya

Wed, 15 Nov 2017 01:41:00 +0100

Disease Outbreak News Uganda Kenya Marburg virus disease (Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks)

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Plague – Madagascar

Wed, 15 Nov 2017 01:16:00 +0100

Plague Madagascar DON (Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks)



Vaccine Shortage Complicates Efforts to Quell Hepatitis A Outbreaks Vaccine Shortage Complicates Efforts to Quell Hepatitis A Outbreaks

Tue, 14 Nov 2017 20:13:36 +0100

San Diego County, battling a deadly outbreak of hepatitis A, is postponing an outreach campaign to provide the second of two inoculations against the contagious liver disease until a national shortage of the vaccine is resolved.Kaiser Health News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)



Resistome Tracker

Tue, 14 Nov 2017 17:26:58 +0100

Tool provides visually informative displays of antibiotic resistance genes in bacteria. It is designed mainly for public health officials, academics and researchers who are using new genomics technologies to track and treat infectious diseases. (Source: PHPartners.org)



UK researchers report breakthrough in fighting killer superbug

Tue, 14 Nov 2017 17:10:00 +0100

Treatment for the antibiotic resistant bacteria Klebsiella pneumoniae could lie within the bodies ’ natural defences, according to researchers from the UK and Austria. (Source: Nursing Times)



Medical News Today: What causes antibiotic resistance?

Tue, 14 Nov 2017 16:00:00 +0100

Resistance to antibiotics kills more than 20,000 people in the U.S. each year. But how do bugs become resistant to drugs that once worked so well? (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)

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Three decades of responding to infectious disease outbreaks

Tue, 14 Nov 2017 15:30:00 +0100

NIAID director Anthony S. Fauci, M.D., highlights lessons from AIDS to Zika. (Source: National Institutes of Health (NIH) News Releases)



Nigeria:Global Fund Gets Chevron's N2 Billion to Reduce HIV Infections, Boost Treatment

Tue, 14 Nov 2017 13:44:53 +0100

[Guardian] Determined to reduce estimated 220,000 new Human Immuno-deficiency Virus (HIV) infections, 160, 000 Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)-related deaths, 37,000 Mother-To-Child Transmission (MTCT) of the virus as well as improve access to treatment for people living with the disease, Chevron Nigeria Limited, (CNL), an affiliate of Chevron Corporation (Chevron), has announced the disbursement of US$5 million (N2 billion) to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (Global Fund). (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)



Jeremy Hunt: Good infection control is a touchstone issue for the public

Tue, 14 Nov 2017 11:38:00 +0100

In an exclusive opinion piece for Nursing Times to coincide with  World Antibiotic Awareness Week, health secretary Jeremy Hunt sets out progress so far in the new war on superbugs announced by the government last year. (Source: Nursing Times)



Kenya:How to Increase Access to Cancer Treatment in Kenya

Tue, 14 Nov 2017 10:01:58 +0100

[The Conversation Africa] Cancer is the third most common cause of death in Kenya, after infectious diseases and heart conditions and accounts for 7% of all deaths in the country. Due to the lack of a national registry, it's estimated that there are between 22,000 and 41,000 new cancer cases each year. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)



Kenya:Lies, Love and HIV - City Wife Hid Her HIV Status for 10 Years

Tue, 14 Nov 2017 06:07:11 +0100

[Nairobi News] Whichever way she looked at it, Renny Mbori knew the plan she had in mind was the epitome of desperation, but she had to go ahead with it. Ten years of playing hide-and-seek with her husband had taken a toll on her conscience, and today she had to let the secret out. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)

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Rabies Prophylaxis After Eating Salad Containing a Bat Carcass Rabies Prophylaxis After Eating Salad Containing a Bat Carcass

Tue, 14 Nov 2017 05:14:51 +0100

In this bizarre case, two people unknowingly consumed a salad found to be contaminated with the remains of a bat. How great was the risk of rabies transmission?Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)



Nigeria:Govt Plans N1 Billion Support to Fight HIV and Aids Through NHIs

Tue, 14 Nov 2017 05:10:22 +0100

[Guardian] The Federal Government said on Monday that it would support the fight against HIV and AIDS programmes through the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) in 2018. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)



Three decades of responding to infectious disease outbreaks

Tue, 14 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases) In 1984, Anthony S. Fauci, M.D., director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, testified before Congress showing a world map annotated with a single emerging infectious disease threat, HIV/AIDS. Since then, numerous diseases and pathogens were added, providing a powerful visual reminder of infectious diseases around the globe. In an essay in Annals of Internal Medicine, Dr. Fauci reflects on the efforts to address infectious disease outbreaks of the past three decades. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)



Queen's researchers make killer superbug breakthrough

Tue, 14 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(Queen's University Belfast) Researchers at Queen's University Belfast together with the University of Vienna have discovered that treatment for the antibiotic resistant bacteria Klebsiella pneumoniae could lie within our bodies' natural defences. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)



Comprehensive health study in India finds rise of non-communicable diseases

Tue, 14 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation) A new state-by-state health analysis in India finds that over two decades heart- and lung-related conditions, as well as other non-communicable diseases (NCDs), have surpassed infectious diseases, such as diarrhea and tuberculosis, as the nation's leading killers. The extent of this difference, however, varies significantly among the nation's 29 states and seven union territories. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)

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New study compares sexual practices among older and younger HIV-infected women

Tue, 14 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News) A new study that compared HIV-positive women over 50 years of age with their younger HIV-infected cohorts found that while the older women were less likely to be sexually active and to report condomless sex with a male partner, those who were sexually active were not as likely to undergo screening for gonorrhea, chlamydia, or syphilis than their younger counterparts. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)



Too Many HIV-Positive Youth in U.S. Do Not Notify Past Partners Too Many HIV-Positive Youth in U.S. Do Not Notify Past Partners

Tue, 14 Nov 2017 03:33:00 +0100

Nearly one in four youth living with HIV in the U.S. don ’ t notify sex or drug-use partners about potential HIV exposure - despite medical professionals and others urging them to do so, a study of teens and young adults suggests.Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape Hiv-Aids Headlines)



Myocarditis Caused by Human Parechovirus in an Adult Myocarditis Caused by Human Parechovirus in an Adult

Mon, 13 Nov 2017 06:14:41 +0100

This case highlights the importance of considering human parechovirus as the infectious cause of myocarditis.Emerging Infectious Diseases (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)



Physical impairment common in middle age and often progresses to further decline or death

Mon, 13 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(American College of Physicians) A study of middle-aged adults found that functional impairment, or difficulty performing basic daily activities, was common among the cohort and often progressed to further physical decline or death over 10 years' follow up. These findings challenge the notion that functional impairment is temporary in middle age and suggest a need for early intervention. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)



Researchers identify hormone for treating sepsis

Mon, 13 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(University of California - Riverside) A research team led by a biomedical scientist at UC Riverside has discovered that the human protein resistin could be used to treat sepsis, the body's extreme and uncontrolled immune response to an infection. Without timely treatment, this medical emergency can rapidly damage tissue, leading to organ failure. The researchers found that mice expressing resistin had a 100 percent survival rate from a sepsis-like infection when compared to wild-type mice with the same infection. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)

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INCITE grants of 5.95 billion hours awarded to 55 computational research projects

Mon, 13 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory) The US Department of Energy's Office of Science announced 55 projects with high potential for accelerating discovery through its Innovative and Novel Computational Impact on Theory and Experiment (INCITE) program. The projects will share 5.95 billion core-hours on three of America's most powerful supercomputers dedicated to capability-limited open science and support a broad range of large-scale research campaigns from infectious disease treatment to next-generation materials development. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)



Annual influenza vaccination does not prevent natural immunity

Mon, 13 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(The University of Bergen) Earlier studies have suggested that having repeated annual influenza vaccination can prevent natural immunity to the virus, and potentially increase the susceptibility to influenza illness in the event of a pandemic, or when the vaccine does not 'match' the virus circulating in the community.But now, researchers at the Influenza Center in Bergen have published a study, which concludes that annual influenza vaccination does not increase susceptibility to influenza infection in years of vaccine mismatch. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)



Cholera: The link between the world's major outbreaks leads to better control strategies

Mon, 13 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(Institut Pasteur) Researchers at the Institut Pasteur and the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, in collaboration with international institutions, recently published two studies tracing the history of cholera outbreaks from the last 60 years. The results show that the latest cholera pandemic originated in Asia, and that the majority of antibiotic resistant strains come from this continent. These findings help to improve understanding of how the cholera bacterium circulates, and to anticipate the risk of new outbreaks emerging. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)



Single Dose of Azithromycin Effective for Latent Yaws Single Dose of Azithromycin Effective for Latent Yaws

Sun, 12 Nov 2017 00:12:58 +0100

Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape Infectious Diseases Headlines)



HIV Vaccine Boost Induces Significant Antibody Response HIV Vaccine Boost Induces Significant Antibody Response

Sun, 12 Nov 2017 00:06:45 +0100

An additional dose of HIV vaccine MVA-B four years after the last immunization induces significant immune responses in healthy volunteers, researchers from Spain report.Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape Hiv-Aids Headlines)

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First-Mile Family Planning Can Help More Women Avoid Unintended Pregnancies

Fri, 10 Nov 2017 20:02:46 +0100

November 10, 2017In the global health community, we often talk about reaching the “last mile”—generally those who live in the hardest-to-reach places of the world, farthest from the health services they need. But from the point of view of those families, the last mile is in fact the first mile.The global information and communications technology community seems to understand this more than we do in health. Studies  such as this look directly at first-mile issues—that is, “how connectivity looks, feels, and behaves from the subscriber's perspective. ” And researchers have done some work to shed light on how a true first-mile approach during an infectious disease outbreak like Ebola must take into account not only local resources, but also the importance of local know-how and...



Medical News Today: Best essential oils for treating cold sores

Fri, 10 Nov 2017 17:00:00 +0100

This article also looks at the possible risks and other home remedies to treat this (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)



Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Oman

Fri, 10 Nov 2017 01:00:00 +0100

Disease Outbreak News for Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus in Oman (Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks)



Breaking down barriers to develop new anticancer drugs

Fri, 10 Nov 2017 00:00:00 +0100

Infectious diseases and cancer are the focus of the EU-funded project INPACT, which combines the expertise of both academic and industrial partners in protein engineering to develop new drug leads. (Source: EUROPA - Research Information Centre)



Early Antiretroviral Therapy May Limit High-risk Cervical Lesions Early Antiretroviral Therapy May Limit High-risk Cervical Lesions

Thu, 09 Nov 2017 20:40:20 +0100

Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape Hiv-Aids Headlines)

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Tanzania:Malaria Deaths Drop From 560 to Record 59 People in Musoma

Thu, 09 Nov 2017 07:21:12 +0100

[Citizen] Musoma -Deaths caused by malaria have dropped from 560 in 2014 to a record 59 people this year (by September) in Musoma Municipal Council, authorities say. (Source: AllAfrica News: Malaria)



Nigeria:Group Raises Alarm On Rise of HIV Infection in Adolescent Girls

Thu, 09 Nov 2017 06:22:18 +0100

[Guardian] Love International, a non-governmental organisation has raised concern over the rise of the new Human Immuno-deficiency Virus (HIV), among adolescent girls and young women in Nigeria. (Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs)



Metagenomic analysis software reveals new causes of superbug emergence

Thu, 09 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(ITMO University) Researchers from ITMO University and Center of Physical and Chemical Medicine developed an algorithm capable of tracking the spread of antibiotic resistance genes in gut microbiota DNA and revealed additional evidence of resistance genes transfer between different bacterial species. The method can not only contribute to the development of effective therapy schemes, but also curb the spread of superbugs. The results of the research were published in 'Bioinformatics' journal. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)



HPV vaccine also prevents uncommon childhood respiratory disease, study suggests

Thu, 09 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(Infectious Diseases Society of America) The vaccine that protects against cancer-causing types of human papillomavirus (HPV) also prevents an uncommon but incurable childhood respiratory disease, according to a new study published in The Journal of Infectious Diseases. (Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer)



Experts Concerned About Effectiveness Of This Year ’ s Flu Vaccine

Wed, 08 Nov 2017 20:15:05 +0100

(CNN) — Last year’s seasonal flu vaccine effectiveness was just 42%, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimated. Even if vaccinated, people had inadequate protection against the flu. This limited effectiveness was due to a mutation that occurred in the influenza A (H3N2) vaccine strain, according to a study published Monday in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. This vaccine mutation resulted from an egg-based manufacturing process commonly used today. This year’s flu vaccine may also be imperfect, said Scott Hensley, author of the new study and an associate professor at the University of Pennsylvania. Add to that, he said, “this could end up being a pretty bad flu season.” Still, he said, “our best protection...

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HIV and AIDS Data through December 2015 Provided for the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program, for Fiscal Year 2017

Wed, 08 Nov 2017 15:45:00 +0100

The report displays data used as part of the formula to allocate funding for grant recipients under the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program, for Fiscal Year 2017. Such data allow national stakeholder groups to understand the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program funding awards and assist them in estimating and planning for future funding allocations for jurisdictions. (Source: CDC HIV/AIDS Prevention)



HIV and AIDS Data through December 2015 Provided for the Ryan WhiteHIV/AIDS Program, for Fiscal Year 2017

Wed, 08 Nov 2017 14:45:00 +0100

The report displays data used as part of the formula to allocate funding for grant recipients under the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program, for Fiscal Year 2017. Such data allow national stakeholder groups to understand the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program funding awards and assist them in estimating and planning for future funding allocations for jurisdictions. (Source: CDC HIV/AIDS Prevention)



Zimbabwe:City Steps Up War On Typhoid

Wed, 08 Nov 2017 07:34:14 +0100

[The Herald] Harare City Council is supplying Mbare with running water on a daily basis as well repairing all the burst sewer pipes to contain the typhoid outbreak in the oldest suburb, Acting Town Clerk Mrs Josephine Ncube has said. As of yesterday, 15 people were still admitted at Beatrice Road Infectious Diseases Hospital after the setting up of a 24-hour clinic to manage the typhoid outbreak. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)



Cell phone-based microscope leads to possible strategy for treating river blindness

Wed, 08 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases) River blindness, or onchocerciasis, is a disease caused by a parasitic worm (Onchocerca volvulus) found primarily in Africa. Ivermectin is used to treat onchocerciasis. This treatment can be fatal when a person has high blood levels of another worm, Loa loa. In a paper published in NEJM, scientists describe how a cell phone-based videomicroscope can provide fast, effective testing for L. loa parasites, allowing these individuals to be protected from the adverse effects of ivermectin. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)



Researchers discover new mechanism for battling influenza

Wed, 08 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(University of Colorado at Boulder) Just as flu season swings into full gear, researchers from the University of Colorado Boulder and University of Texas at Austin have uncovered a previously unknown mechanism by which the human immune system tries to battle the influenza A virus. The discovery sheds new light on how the virus -- which kills 12,000 to 56,000 people in the United States annually -- often wins, and it could ultimately lead to new treatments. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)

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Microbial murder mystery solved

Wed, 08 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(Boston Children's Hospital) Their findings, published in the journal Cell, reveal that killer cells act methodically, shooting deadly enzymes into bacteria to 'program' a complete internal breakdown and cell death. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)



Stop using antibiotics in healthy farm animals, WHO warns

Tue, 07 Nov 2017 22:44:18 +0100

The World Health Organization is urging farmers to stop using antibiotics to promote growth and prevent disease in healthy animals because the practice fuels dangerous drug-resistant superbug infections in people. (Source: CBC | Health)



WHO Urges End To Routine Antibiotic Use In Farm Animals To Stem Rise Of Superbugs

Tue, 07 Nov 2017 20:51:38 +0100

The WHO director-general called the declining efficacy of antibiotics a "security threat." (Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post)



Stop using antibiotics in healthy animals, WHO urges farmers

Tue, 07 Nov 2017 14:15:14 +0100

LONDON (Reuters) - The World Health Organization urged farmers on Tuesday to stop using antibiotics to promote growth and prevent disease in healthy animals because the practice fuels dangerous drug-resistant superbug infections in people. (Source: Reuters: Health)



Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) – Saudi Arabia

Tue, 07 Nov 2017 11:07:00 +0100

Update on MERS CoV in Saudi Arabia, 7 November 2017 (Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks)

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Marburg virus disease – Uganda and Kenya

Tue, 07 Nov 2017 09:41:00 +0100

Update on Marburg virus disease outbreak in Uganda and Kenya, 7 November 2017 (Source: WHO Disease Outbreaks)



After repeated C. diff infections, people change their behaviors

Tue, 07 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(Loyola University Health System) After suffering repeated bouts of debilitating Clostridium difficile infections, many patients significantly change their behaviors, but some precautions may do little to prevent future infections, according to a first-of-its-kind study. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)



MRIs of West Nile virus victims -- even symptom-free -- show evidence of long-term neurological damage

Tue, 07 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(Burness) Brain images of people who developed neurological complications from West Nile virus found that many of them -- including those who had experienced mild symptoms or none all -- showed evidence of brain damage years after the original infection, according to a new study presented today at the 66th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene (ASTMH). (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)



HIV patients at greater risk of both heart and kidney disease

Tue, 07 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(University of Adelaide) HIV patients and their doctors are urged to be more aware of the additional health risks associated with treated HIV infection. This follows new research that shows HIV patients at high risk for a heart attack or stroke are also at substantially greater risk for chronic kidney disease and vice versa. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)



Study outlines 'perfect storm' that led to Colombia's antibiotic resistance epidemic

Tue, 07 Nov 2017 05:00:00 +0100

(University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston) The nearly simultaneous emergence of a gene responsible for producing carbapenemases -- enzymes that kill the most powerful antibiotics used against life-threatening, multidrug-resistant bacterial infections -- coupled with the introduction of a bacterial clone that spread between patients created the 'perfect storm' that led to today's antibiotic resistance epidemic in Colombia. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)

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