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Preview: Journal of Ethnicity in Criminal Justice

Journal of Ethnicity in Criminal Justice



Volume 4, Issue 4, 2006



Published: Fri, 16 Feb 2007 14:16:17 EST

 



About the Contributors

Fri, 16 Feb 2007 14:16:17 EST

Volume 4, Issue 4, 2006 p.xi



Crime Salience, Perceived Racial Bias, and Blacks' Punitive Attitudes

Fri, 16 Feb 2007 14:16:17 EST

Volume 4, Issue 4, 2006 p.1-18
When it comes to criminal justice policy, black Americans face an important dilemma. On the one hand, black communities benefit from criminal penalties that remove offenders from their neighborhoods; on the other, punitive policies draw many blacks into a criminal justice system they view as racially discriminatory. Using data from the 2001 Race, Crime, and Public Opinion study, this paper examines how the competing concerns of crime salience and perceived racial bias in the criminal justice system affect blacks' support for harsh criminal justice policies. The effects of causal attributions for crime, political ideology, exposure to incarceration, and demographic factors are also addressed. The results indicate that fear of crime and individualistic attributions for criminal behavior have a signifïcant and positive effect on their punitive attitudes, while perceived racial bias and vicarious exposure tu incarceration decrease blacks' support for harsh punishments.



Slavery's Enduring Legacy: Executions in Modern America

Fri, 16 Feb 2007 14:16:17 EST

Volume 4, Issue 4, 2006



Margaret Vandiver, David Giacopassi and William Lofquist

Fri, 16 Feb 2007 14:16:17 EST

Volume 4, Issue 4, 2006 p.19-36
Using data on post-Gregg executions and death sentences, we explore the previously observed, but not well understood, relationship between slavery and the death penalty. We classify modern states into categories focused on their jurisdictional law and practice of slavery circa 1860. Our analyses reveal that the relationship between slavery and modern executions is stronger even than previously recognized, with 90.6% of post-Gregg executions occurring in states that supported the practice of slavery, whether or not they were in the Confederacy or inside the traditional boundaries of the South. We conclude that capital punishment is one of the enduring legacies of American slavery.



Predicting Pre-Adjudicatory Detention Decisions: An Investigation of Legal and Extralegal Factors

Fri, 16 Feb 2007 14:16:17 EST

Volume 4, Issue 4, 2006 p.37-50
Findings from studies examining the impact of legal and extralegal characteristics in determining pre-adjudicatory detention within the juvenile justice system have been inconsistent. Logistic regression was used to examine the independent, and interaction, effects of certain legal and extralegal factors in the decision to detain juveniles in counties in two Northeastern states. The results suggest race continues to exert a significant effect on detention decisions when controlling for various legal and extralegal/nonlegal factors.KEYWORDS. Pre-trial detention. pre-adjudicatory detention, legal factors, extra-legal factors. minority status, race.



COMMENTARY

Fri, 16 Feb 2007 14:16:17 EST

Volume 4, Issue 4, 2006



Bowden v. Caldor: A Case Study of the Intersection of Racial Animus and Private Security Misconduct

Fri, 16 Feb 2007 14:16:17 EST

Volume 4, Issue 4, 2006 p.51-64
Using the facts of the Bowden v. Caldor lawsuit in which Bowden alleges the intentional infliction of emotional distress, defamation, false imprisonment, malicious prosecution, and wrongful discharge against his employer, this paper explores the mistreatment at the hands of private security officers and store personnel. This exploration is important because it discusses several issues such as: (1) the racially influenced misconduct of private security officers; (2) the damage awards often awarded to victims of private security misconduct; (3) the effect deceptive practices can have on false confessions. especially those of juveniles; and (4) the abuse of juveniles by private security officers. To curtail abusive practices, the authors recommend that store owners establish more stringent store policies pertaining to handling employees during theft investigations.



BOOK REVIEWS

Fri, 16 Feb 2007 14:16:17 EST

Volume 4, Issue 4, 2006



Guns, Violence, and Identity Among African-American and Latino Youth, by Deanna Wilkinson

Fri, 16 Feb 2007 14:16:17 EST

Volume 4, Issue 4, 2006 p.65-69



Racial Profiling: From Rhetoric to Reason, by Brian L. Withrow

Fri, 16 Feb 2007 14:16:17 EST

Volume 4, Issue 4, 2006 p.70-74



FROM THE FIELD

Fri, 16 Feb 2007 14:16:17 EST

Volume 4, Issue 4, 2006



In Memoriam

Fri, 16 Feb 2007 14:16:17 EST

Volume 4, Issue 4, 2006 p.75