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Preview: Transplants / Organ Donations News From Medical News Today

Transplants / Organ Donations News From Medical News Today

Transplants involve the donation of organs from one person to another and are the best possible treatment for most people with organ failure. Kidney transplants are the most commonly performed. Transplants of the heart, liver and lungs are also regularly

Copyright: Copyright 2016 Medical News Today

Nose cells could help repair damaged knee cartilage

Fri, 21 Oct 2016 07:00:00 PDT

Doctors report - 2 years post-transplantation - improvements in most of 10 patients with damaged knees repaired with cartilage grown from their nose cells.

Cell softness predicts corneal transplant success

Thu, 20 Oct 2016 00:00:00 PDT

Stem cell transplantation is a promising strategy for restoring eyesight resulting from corneal damage, but tissue grafts must contain a high percentage of stem cells for clinical success.

New non-invasive assay may improve surveillance of heart and other solid-organ transplants

Wed, 12 Oct 2016 05:00:00 PDT

Targeted, next-generation sequencing assay detects rejection by measuring donor-derived cell-free DNA levels in recipient's plasma, reports The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics.

Many liver transplant candidates have deficits in physical activity that are missed by clinicians

Wed, 05 Oct 2016 00:00:00 PDT

A new study found that patients waiting for a liver transplant tend to be highly sedentary.

New computational tool could help match kidney donors to recipients

Thu, 29 Sep 2016 11:00:00 PDT

DNA-based scoring system uses many genes to predict long-term success of transplantation.

Skin cancer a risk for nonwhite recipients of organ transplants

Thu, 22 Sep 2016 00:00:00 PDT

A total-body skin examination should be part of posttransplant care for all organ recipients because they have a higher risk of skin cancer, including nonwhite patients, according to a study...

Immune-matched stem cells prevent rejection of retinal transplants in animals

Mon, 19 Sep 2016 06:00:00 PDT

Stem cell-based transplantation approaches hold great potential for treating a wide range of eye diseases, but progress has been limited by concerns about cost, safety, and effectiveness.

These 3 criteria quickly identify cardiac arrest patients with zero chance of survival who could be referred for organ donation

Wed, 14 Sep 2016 06:00:00 PDT

Three objective criteria can be used to quickly identify patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) who have zero chance of survival and can therefore be considered for organ donation.

3-D graphene has promise for bio applications

Tue, 06 Sep 2016 00:00:00 PDT

Flakes of graphene welded together into solid materials may be suitable for bone implants, according to a study led by Rice University scientists.

Researchers identify possible pathway to reboot immune system after bone-marrow transplants

Mon, 29 Aug 2016 00:00:00 PDT

New research has shown how a cell surface molecule, Lymphotoxin β receptor, controls entry of T-cells into the thymus; and as such presents an opportunity to understanding why cancer patients who...

Artificial retinas: Promising leads towards clearer vision

Fri, 26 Aug 2016 00:00:00 PDT

A major therapeutic challenge, the retinal prostheses that have been under development during the past ten years can enable some blind subjects to perceive light signals, but the image thus...

Discovery could provide new prevention, treatment option for organ transplant rejection

Thu, 25 Aug 2016 00:00:00 PDT

An international team led by researchers from the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine found that targeting certain donor cells lowered the risk of organ rejection in mice that underwent...

Modulating dendritic cell movement in spleen could prevent life-threatening immune response in transfusion patients

Wed, 24 Aug 2016 05:00:00 PDT

The spleen's mechanisms for responding to blood-borne antigens mirror those in immune responses in other sites of the body, and could potentially be harnessed to prevent life-threatening immune...

Fecal transplantation seems highly curative for recurrent C. diff, but questions remain

Tue, 23 Aug 2016 05:00:00 PDT

In a randomized, controlled, double-blind clinical trial, fecal microbiota transplantation using donor stool seemed to be safe and was more efficacious than transplantation using the patient's own...

Post-transplant anxiety linked to complex instructions, caregiver empathy

Fri, 19 Aug 2016 05:00:00 PDT

Some anxiety is perfectly normal for kidney transplant patients, but new research suggests that medical staff can help patients feel more at ease when they leave the hospital and that could...

Researchers develop new strategy to limit side effects of stem cell transplants

Tue, 16 Aug 2016 09:00:00 PDT

Scientists in Germany have developed a new approach that may prevent leukemia and lymphoma patients from developing graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) after therapeutic bone marrow transplants.

Tufts Medical Center researchers find new functions of blood cell protein in transplantation

Thu, 11 Aug 2016 09:00:00 PDT

Tufts Medical Center and Tufts University scientists have found exciting, new functions of the protein angiogenin (ANG) that play a significant role in the regulation of blood cell formation...

Ethnicity could impact health of kidney transplant patients

Mon, 01 Aug 2016 00:00:00 PDT

People's ethnicity impacts their physical activity following a kidney transplant, according to research carried out by the University of Leicester.

UL Research finds that dialysis patients who smoke are less likely get a kidney transplant and die earlier

Mon, 01 Aug 2016 00:00:00 PDT

Dialysis patients who smoke are much less likely to receive a life-saving kidney transplant and much more likely to die sooner according to researchers from the Health Research Institute (HRI) at...

Cord blood outperforms matched, unrelated donor in bone marrow transplant

Thu, 28 Jul 2016 02:00:00 PDT

A University of Colorado Cancer Center study compared outcomes of leukemia patients receiving bone marrow transplants from 2009-2014, finding that three years post transplant, the incidence of...

Medicaid expansion increased Medicaid enrollment among liver transplant recipients

Wed, 27 Jul 2016 05:00:00 PDT

Researchers have found that Medicaid expansion increased Medicaid enrollment among people who received liver transplants funded by commercial insurance.

Reopening avenues for attacking ALS

Mon, 18 Jul 2016 03:00:00 PDT

Known gene operates at a crossroad between disease and autoimmunity.Harvard Stem Cell Institute (HSCI) researchers at Harvard University and the Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT have found...

Corneal transplants, men and women don't see eye to eye

Thu, 14 Jul 2016 05:00:00 PDT

A new study of patients undergoing corneal transplants indicates that subtle differences between men and women may lead to poorer outcomes for a woman who has received a cornea from a male donor.

Relapse of leukemia after bone marrow transplantation: Cytomegalovirus infection has no protective effect

Tue, 28 Jun 2016 07:00:00 PDT

Recent studies on a small number of patients with leukemia treated with bone marrow transplantation have suggested that the presence of the common cytomegalovirus (CMV) in patients or their donors...

Donor blood test may be holding back heart transplantation

Wed, 22 Jun 2016 00:00:00 PDT

Donor hearts may be unnecessarily rejected as a result of a blood test used to determine their eligibility for transplantation, according to researchers.