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Preview: Transplants / Organ Donations News From Medical News Today

Transplants / Organ Donations News From Medical News Today

Transplants involve the donation of organs from one person to another and are the best possible treatment for most people with organ failure. Kidney transplants are the most commonly performed. Transplants of the heart, liver and lungs are also regularly

Copyright: Copyright 2017 Medical News Today

Dr. Olga Jonasson: Competency defeats gender bias

Fri, 17 Feb 2017 08:00:00 PST

We look at how Dr. Olga Jonasson - America's first woman to head a surgical department - helped shape leadership opportunities for today's female surgeons.

Critically ill children can still undergo liver transplantation and survive

Thu, 09 Feb 2017 00:00:00 PST

Advancements in critical care make it possible for even the sickest children to successfully undergo liver transplantation.

Brain Tumor: Types, Symptoms, and Treatment

Sun, 05 Feb 2017 00:00:00 PST

In this article, learn about the different types of brain tumor and associated risk factors. What different treatment options are available?

Type 1 diabetes: Interspecies transplantation may be a viable treatment

Thu, 26 Jan 2017 09:00:00 PST

Researchers have grown pancreases in rats using mouse stem cells. Transplanting the organs in mice with type 1 diabetes was found to reverse the disease.

3-D bioprinter produces functional human skin 'suitable for transplant'

Wed, 25 Jan 2017 07:00:00 PST

Scientists have developed a 3-D bioprinter capable of producing totally functional human skin either from cell lines or from patient-derived cells.

How Spain achieved a remarkably high rate of deceased organ donation

Wed, 11 Jan 2017 00:00:00 PST

Spain is leading the world in deceased organ donation. A new article published in the American Journal of Transplantation contains important information that can help other countries learn from the...

Palliative care has beneficial effect on quality of life following stem cell transplantation

Thu, 24 Nov 2016 00:00:00 PST

Among patients with hematologic malignancies undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, the use of inpatient palliative care compared with standard transplant care resulted in a smaller...

Scientists get closer to developing bioartificial kidney

Tue, 22 Nov 2016 00:00:00 PST

Investigators are getting closer to creating a functional bioartificial kidney, with advances presented at ASN Kidney Week 2016 November 15-20 at McCormick Place in Chicago, IL.

Donor lungs could be kept alive for substantially longer with new lung preservation technique

Mon, 21 Nov 2016 03:00:00 PST

Extending transplant time could reduce geographical limitations on donors and recipients and allow more time for organ assessment and repair.

Five weird and wonderful surgical procedures

Wed, 09 Nov 2016 08:00:00 PST

From using an ankle as a knee to the world's first human head transplant, we take a look at five of the strangest, yet amazing surgical procedures to date.

Many young children with liver failure die while waiting for a transplant or soon after receiving one

Tue, 01 Nov 2016 00:00:00 PST

A new analysis reveals unacceptable mortality rates in young US children with chronic liver disease while they are on transplant waiting lists as well as after transplantation.

Nose cells could help repair damaged knee cartilage

Fri, 21 Oct 2016 07:00:00 PST

Doctors report - 2 years post-transplantation - improvements in most of 10 patients with damaged knees repaired with cartilage grown from their nose cells.

Cell softness predicts corneal transplant success

Thu, 20 Oct 2016 00:00:00 PST

Stem cell transplantation is a promising strategy for restoring eyesight resulting from corneal damage, but tissue grafts must contain a high percentage of stem cells for clinical success.

New non-invasive assay may improve surveillance of heart and other solid-organ transplants

Wed, 12 Oct 2016 05:00:00 PST

Targeted, next-generation sequencing assay detects rejection by measuring donor-derived cell-free DNA levels in recipient's plasma, reports The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics.

Many liver transplant candidates have deficits in physical activity that are missed by clinicians

Wed, 05 Oct 2016 00:00:00 PST

A new study found that patients waiting for a liver transplant tend to be highly sedentary.

New computational tool could help match kidney donors to recipients

Thu, 29 Sep 2016 11:00:00 PST

DNA-based scoring system uses many genes to predict long-term success of transplantation.

Skin cancer a risk for nonwhite recipients of organ transplants

Thu, 22 Sep 2016 00:00:00 PST

A total-body skin examination should be part of posttransplant care for all organ recipients because they have a higher risk of skin cancer, including nonwhite patients, according to a study...

Immune-matched stem cells prevent rejection of retinal transplants in animals

Mon, 19 Sep 2016 06:00:00 PST

Stem cell-based transplantation approaches hold great potential for treating a wide range of eye diseases, but progress has been limited by concerns about cost, safety, and effectiveness.

These 3 criteria quickly identify cardiac arrest patients with zero chance of survival who could be referred for organ donation

Wed, 14 Sep 2016 06:00:00 PST

Three objective criteria can be used to quickly identify patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) who have zero chance of survival and can therefore be considered for organ donation.

3-D graphene has promise for bio applications

Tue, 06 Sep 2016 00:00:00 PST

Flakes of graphene welded together into solid materials may be suitable for bone implants, according to a study led by Rice University scientists.

Researchers identify possible pathway to reboot immune system after bone-marrow transplants

Mon, 29 Aug 2016 00:00:00 PST

New research has shown how a cell surface molecule, Lymphotoxin β receptor, controls entry of T-cells into the thymus; and as such presents an opportunity to understanding why cancer patients who...

Artificial retinas: Promising leads towards clearer vision

Fri, 26 Aug 2016 00:00:00 PST

A major therapeutic challenge, the retinal prostheses that have been under development during the past ten years can enable some blind subjects to perceive light signals, but the image thus...

Discovery could provide new prevention, treatment option for organ transplant rejection

Thu, 25 Aug 2016 00:00:00 PST

An international team led by researchers from the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine found that targeting certain donor cells lowered the risk of organ rejection in mice that underwent...

Modulating dendritic cell movement in spleen could prevent life-threatening immune response in transfusion patients

Wed, 24 Aug 2016 05:00:00 PST

The spleen's mechanisms for responding to blood-borne antigens mirror those in immune responses in other sites of the body, and could potentially be harnessed to prevent life-threatening immune...

Fecal transplantation seems highly curative for recurrent C. diff, but questions remain

Tue, 23 Aug 2016 05:00:00 PST

In a randomized, controlled, double-blind clinical trial, fecal microbiota transplantation using donor stool seemed to be safe and was more efficacious than transplantation using the patient's own...