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Preview: Neurology / Neuroscience News From Medical News Today

Neurology / Neuroscience News From Medical News Today

Neuroscience describes the scientific study of the mechanics of the central nervous system such as its structure, function, genetics and physiology as well as how this can be applied to understand diseases of the nervous system. Neurology is a specialized

Copyright: Copyright 2017 Medical News Today

Talk therapy strengthens brain connections to treat psychosis

Sun, 22 Jan 2017 00:00:00 PST

A new study suggests that cognitive behavior therapy can strengthen brain connections in a way that leads to long-term recovery from psychosis.

Estrogen regulates the brain's fear response, protecting against PTSD

Sun, 22 Jan 2017 00:00:00 PST

A new study examines how the sex hormone estrogen affects gene regulation in the brain, affecting the formation of fear memories and PTSD.

Heavy alcohol use in adolescence alters brain electrical activity

Fri, 20 Jan 2017 06:00:00 PST

Long-term heavy use of alcohol in adolescence alters cortical excitability and functional connectivity in the brain, according to a new study from the University of Eastern Finland and Kuopio...

Protein released by injured neurons predicts brain recovery following out-of-hospital heart attack

Fri, 20 Jan 2017 06:00:00 PST

The biomarker neuron-specific enolase is a strong predictor of brain recovery in heart attack patients who are unconscious for three or more days, according to a study published in the journal PLOS...

Modafinil found to improve memory in people recovering from depression

Fri, 20 Jan 2017 06:00:00 PST

A new study funded by the Medical Research Council (MRC) and Wellcome, and published in the journal Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging, has found that the...

Rabies viruses reveal wiring in transparent brains

Fri, 20 Jan 2017 00:00:00 PST

Scientists under the leadership of the University of Bonn have harnessed rabies viruses for assessing the connectivity of nerve cell transplants: coupled with a green fluorescent protein, the...

Alzheimer's protein buildup disrupts the brain's navigation center

Thu, 19 Jan 2017 09:00:00 PST

New research suggests that a buildup of tau - a hallmark of Alzheimer's - interferes with the brain's GPS, explaining why some Alzheimer's patients wander.

Types of Multiple Sclerosis: Differences in Symptoms and Outlook

Thu, 19 Jan 2017 06:00:00 PST

How do the symptoms differ with different types of multiple sclerosis? Learn about how MS is diagnosed and how treatments differ between these types.

Researchers discover severe side effects of approved multiple sclerosis medication

Thu, 19 Jan 2017 06:00:00 PST

The multiple sclerosis (MS) therapy alemtuzumab can trigger severe, unpredictable side effects.

Brain imaging and causal assessment of impairments reveals metamemory regions

Thu, 19 Jan 2017 00:00:00 PST

Juntendo University researchers identify areas of the brain responsible for metacognitive memory evaluation in macaque monkeys.

UK health system not fit for people with dementia and other chronic conditions

Thu, 19 Jan 2017 00:00:00 PST

The UK's current health and social care system isn't fit for purpose when it comes to caring for people living with dementia (PLWD) who also have other illnesses and chronic conditions.

Malaria drug successfully treats 26-year-old brain cancer patient

Thu, 19 Jan 2017 00:00:00 PST

After her brain cancer became resistant to chemotherapy and then to targeted treatments, 26-year-old Lisa Rosendahl's doctors gave her only a few months to live.

Brain mapping premature babies can help to predict childhood disability

Thu, 19 Jan 2017 00:00:00 PST

New research suggests that early brain mapping of white matter injury may help to predict later disability in prematurely born infants.

Key signaling protein associated with addiction controls the actions of oxycodone on pain

Thu, 19 Jan 2017 00:00:00 PST

RGS9-2, a key signaling protein in the brain known to play a critical role in the development of addiction-related behaviors, acts as a positive modulator of oxycodone reward in both pain-free and...

Ancient and healthy: The science of laughter

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 08:00:00 PST

We all do it, we know it feels good, but why do we laugh? And, most importantly, is it good for our health? In this article, we mull over mirth.

Adoptees advantaged by birth language memory

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 06:00:00 PST

Language learning very early on in life can be subconsciously retained even when no conscious knowledge of the early experience remains.

New way of repurposing drugs could lead to better Parkinson's treatments

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 06:00:00 PST

By bringing together cutting-edge stem cell technologies and computational biology, researchers at Oxford University have developed a unique way to identify existing drugs that could potentially be...

Multiregional brain on a chip

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 00:00:00 PST

Harvard University researchers have developed a multiregional brain-on-a-chip that models the connectivity between three distinct regions of the brain.

New insight into role of cell protein in learning ability and AIDS-related dementia

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 00:00:00 PST

Researchers from the University of California (UCLA) and Cardiff University have made a breakthrough in the understanding of AIDS-related dementia, discovering the role of a neuron protein which...

New guidelines could help improve research into vascular cognitive impairment

Wed, 18 Jan 2017 00:00:00 PST

New guidelines have been developed that it is hoped will help to progress research into vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) following a study led by academics at the University of Bristol that...

Late-onset hypertension may lower dementia risk, study finds

Tue, 17 Jan 2017 08:00:00 PST

For the first time, a study investigates the link between high blood pressure later in life and the risk of dementia and cognitive decline.

Parkinson's could be treated with shark compound, study suggests

Tue, 17 Jan 2017 00:00:00 PST

Researchers have found that squalamine - a compound found in the tissue of dogfish sharks - may help prevent the buildup of a Parkinson's-related protein.

Common epilepsies share genetic overlap with rare types

Tue, 17 Jan 2017 00:00:00 PST

An international study led by Columbia University Medical Center (CUMC) and NewYork-Presbyterian researchers has found that several genes previously implicated only in rare, severe forms of...

Sensory stimuli control dopamine in the brain

Tue, 17 Jan 2017 00:00:00 PST

Regardless of whether we are sitting in a loud aeroplane or walking through a quiet forest clearing, how humans perceive their environment depends on the stimuli.

Older, fitter adults experience greater brain activity while learning

Tue, 17 Jan 2017 00:00:00 PST

Older adults who experience good cardiac fitness may be also keeping their brains in good shape as well.