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Preview: HIV / AIDS News From Medical News Today

HIV / AIDS News From Medical News Today



Human immunodeficiency virus or HIV, is the virus that causes AIDS. AIDS is the final stage of HIV infection, when your body can no longer fight life-threatening infections. HIV attacks the immune system and weakens your ability to fight infections and di



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West African HIV-2 prevalence associated with lower historical male circumcision rates

Thu, 08 Dec 2016 06:00:00 PST

Cities with substantial uncircumcised populations in 1950 tended to have higher HIV-2 prevalence from 1985.



'Shock and kill' strategy for curing HIV may endanger patients' brains

Wed, 07 Dec 2016 00:00:00 PST

Combination drug treatments have become successful at long-term control of HIV infection, but the goal of totally wiping out the virus and curing patients has so far been stymied by HIV's ability...



HIV transmission from mother-to-child at all time low in UK and Ireland

Mon, 05 Dec 2016 00:00:00 PST

The number of mothers passing the HIV virus to their babies has fallen to a new record low in the UK and Ireland thanks to the very high take-up of antenatal HIV screening and treatment which...



13,500 people living with an undiagnosed HIV infection in the UK

Fri, 02 Dec 2016 00:00:00 PST

According to new figures released on World AIDS Day (WAD) by PHE, an estimated 101,200 people are living with HIV in the UK. Of these more than 13,500 are living with an undiagnosed infection.



RCGP response to NICE guidelines on HIV testing

Thu, 01 Dec 2016 06:00:00 PST

Dr Philippa Matthews, Clinical Lead for HIV, sexual and reproductive health for the Royal College of GPs, said: "Treatments for HIV now ensure that it is possible to live a long and healthy life...



UNAIDS presents UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon with leadership award for his commitment to the response to HIV

Thu, 01 Dec 2016 06:00:00 PST

UNAIDS has honoured the United Nations Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon, for his unfaltering commitment to ending the AIDS epidemic and for acting as a voice for the voiceless to ensure access to HIV...



Use of syringe services programs increases, but access must improve for greater HIV prevention

Wed, 30 Nov 2016 06:00:00 PST

Use of syringe services programs (SSPs) has increased substantially during the past decade, but most people who inject drugs still don't always use sterile needles, according to a new CDC Vital...



UNAIDS announces 18.2 million people on antiretroviral therapy, but warns that 15

Tue, 22 Nov 2016 09:00:00 PST

A new report by UNAIDS shows that countries are getting on the Fast-Track, with an additional one million people accessing treatment in just six months (January to June 2016).



New therapeutic vaccine approach in non-human primates shows potential as functional cure for HIV-1

Tue, 15 Nov 2016 06:00:00 PST

Janssen Vaccines & Prevention B.V., one of the Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson, has announced results of a new study published in Nature which points to a potential new...



Patients with HIV now live about as long as their uninfected peers

Tue, 15 Nov 2016 00:00:00 PST

Patients receiving optimal care for HIV infection can expect to live about as long as those who are uninfected, according to an updated analysis being published in Annals of Internal Medicine.



HIV test performed on USB stick

Fri, 11 Nov 2016 03:00:00 PST

Scientists have developed a type of HIV test on a USB stick.The device, created by scientists at Imperial College London and DNA Electronics, uses a drop of blood to detect HIV, and then...



Classroom-based sex education programmes largely ineffectual, but incentives to stay at school can help

Thu, 10 Nov 2016 00:00:00 PST

A global review of school-based interventions for preventing HIV, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and pregnancy in adolescents shows sex education programmes have no impact in lowering...



Giving women HIV self-tests promotes male partner testing

Tue, 08 Nov 2016 11:00:00 PST

Providing pregnant and postpartum women in sub-Saharan Africa with multiple HIV self-tests can make it more likely their male partners will be tested for HIV compared to a standard approach of...



Sexual transmission of HIV and the law: Caution advised

Mon, 07 Nov 2016 06:00:00 PST

The criminal justice system should exercise caution in prosecuting for the transmission of HIV by considering the rapidly evolving science of the virus, say a number of leading clinicians and...



Smoking more hazardous for HIV patients than the virus itself

Thu, 03 Nov 2016 08:00:00 PST

Smoking may reduce life expectancy for HIV patients more than the HIV itself does. Researchers call for new strategies to help people with HIV to quit.



Research reveals accidental making of 'Patient Zero' myth during 1980s AIDS crisis

Thu, 27 Oct 2016 00:00:00 PST

A combination of historical and genetic research reveals the error and hype that led to the coining of the term 'Patient Zero' and the blaming of one man for the spread of HIV across North America.



New nanomedicine approach aims to improve HIV drug therapies

Mon, 24 Oct 2016 06:00:00 PST

New research led by the University of Liverpool aims to improve the administration and availability of drug therapies to HIV patients through the use of nanotechnology.



Modified HIV-1 virus can integrate into genome of parasitic flatworm

Fri, 21 Oct 2016 00:00:00 PST

Genetic manipulation of parasite that causes schistosomiasis could pave road to new treatments.



Women report vaginal ring for preventing HIV had little effect on sexual intercourse

Thu, 20 Oct 2016 00:00:00 PST

Most women who used an experimental vaginal ring for HIV prevention report that the physical act of sex was largely unaffected by using the product, which is inserted monthly for continuous wear.



Tuberculosis and HIV co-infection

Wed, 19 Oct 2016 06:00:00 PST

The HIV virus increases the potency of the tuberculosis bacterium (Mtb) by affecting a central function of the immune system.



Having HIV and chronic HBV/HCV coinfection may increase cancer risk

Tue, 18 Oct 2016 06:00:00 PST

In HIV-infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART), chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) coinfection is associated with an increased risk for non-Hodgkin's...



International 15-year study shows most dominant HIV subtype is also 'wimpiest'

Tue, 18 Oct 2016 00:00:00 PST

An international study 15 years in the making has shown that it's 'survival of the wimpiest' among subtypes and strains when it comes to understanding the spread of HIV/AIDS around the world, a...



New antibody therapy permanently blocks SIV infection

Mon, 17 Oct 2016 00:00:00 PST

An international research team has developed an effective treatment strategy against the HIV-like Simian Immunodeficiency Virus (SIV) in rhesus macaquesAccording to the WHO, around 36 million...



Cells infected by HIV defend themselves, research at Ghent University shows

Wed, 05 Oct 2016 05:00:00 PST

T cells, important in the immune system, defend themselves when infected by HIV (human immunodeficiency virus).



Retroviral diseases: Children who keep HIV in check

Wed, 05 Oct 2016 00:00:00 PST

Some HIV-infected - and untreated - children do not develop AIDS. A new study shows that they control the virus in a different way from the few infected adults who remain disease-free, and sheds...