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Preview: Biology / Biochemistry News From Medical News Today

Biology / Biochemistry News From Medical News Today

Biology and biochemistry refer to the scientific study of life and living organisms in all forms and processes - including the study of chemical processes relating to living organisms. MNT covers news on cellular, molecular and physical discoveries, nanot

Copyright: Copyright 2017 Medical News Today

Old drug points to promising new direction for treatment of autism

Fri, 26 May 2017 07:00:00 PDT

A trial of 10 boys with autism shows dramatic but transient results with one treatment of a century-old drug, and supports cell danger idea of the disease.

Researchers find piece in inflammatory disease puzzle

Wed, 24 May 2017 09:00:00 PDT

Inflammation is the process by which the body responds to injury or infection but when this process becomes out of control it can cause disease.

Omega-3 fatty acids weaken Listeria, study finds

Tue, 23 May 2017 09:00:00 PDT

Omega-3 fatty acids can neutralize Listeria monocytogenes, making the listeriosis-causing bacterium vulnerable to attack, new research finds.

Himalayan powerhouses: How Sherpas have evolved superhuman energy efficiency

Tue, 23 May 2017 06:00:00 PDT

Sherpas have evolved to become superhuman mountain climbers, extremely efficient at producing the energy to power their bodies even when oxygen is scarce, suggests new research published in the...

Mislocalized calcium channel causes insulin secretion defect in diabetes

Tue, 23 May 2017 00:00:00 PDT

Researchers from Uppsala University have studied beta cells of type-2 diabetic donors, and find that a mislocalized calcium channel contributes to the failed insulin secretion associated with the...

Diagnostic biomarkers in saliva show promise in recognizing early Alzheimer's disease

Mon, 22 May 2017 00:00:00 PDT

Your spit may hold a clue to future brain health. Investigators at the Beaumont Research Institute, part of Beaumont Health in Michigan, are hopeful that their study involving small molecules in...

3-D-printed scaffolds restore ovary function in infertile mice

Tue, 16 May 2017 08:00:00 PDT

Infertile female mice ovulate, mate, give birth to pups, and nurse them, after researchers implant them with bioprosthetic ovaries made using 3-D printing.

Researchers identify nutrient metabolism that drives breast tumor metastasis

Fri, 12 May 2017 00:00:00 PDT

A multinational group of scientists, led by professor Sarah-Maria Fendt (VIB-KU Leuven), have discovered that breast cancer cells that have invaded other organs rely on a different nutrient...

Jogging for 30 minutes per day could slow cellular aging by 9 years

Thu, 11 May 2017 08:00:00 PDT

Get your running shoes on; a new study finds that jogging for 30 to 40 minutes on 5 days per week could reduce biological aging by 9 years.

Osteoarthritis: Preventing key molecule deficiency may delay need for joint replacements

Thu, 11 May 2017 07:00:00 PDT

A study shows for first time that preventing adenosine deficiency sustains cells that make cartilage and prevents osteoarthritis in rats.

The liver increases by half during the day

Mon, 08 May 2017 00:00:00 PDT

In mammals, the liver plays a pivotal role in metabolism and the elimination of toxins, and reaches its maximum efficiency when they are active and feed.

Sperm study reveals testes cells that may offer fertility hope

Mon, 08 May 2017 00:00:00 PDT

Scientists have discovered a tiny group of cells that is critical to repairing damage to the testes.

Molecular study of skin proteins uncovers predisposition to eczema

Fri, 05 May 2017 07:00:00 PDT

Using a model of human skin, a study shows for the first time that loss of a key barrier protein alone leads to molecular changes that trigger eczema.

The science of 'hitting the wall'

Thu, 04 May 2017 00:00:00 PDT

Runners, swimmers, and cyclists are familiar with the phenomenon of "hitting the wall" when the connection between brain and body feels like it's been lost: You know that you're still trying to move...

Fluid flow in the brain unravelled for the first time

Thu, 04 May 2017 00:00:00 PDT

The puzzle of how the brain regulates blood flow to prevent it from being flooded and then starved every time the heart beats has been solved with the help of engineering.

Fatty liver: Diagnosis of advanced fibrosis from stool microbes shows promise

Wed, 03 May 2017 07:00:00 PDT

A new study suggests that advanced fibrosis in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease might be diagnosed from the gut microbiome signature of a stool sample.

Novel gene editing approach to cancer treatment shows promise in mice

Wed, 03 May 2017 06:00:00 PDT

A novel gene therapy using CRISPR genome editing technology effectively targets cancer-causing "fusion genes" and improves survival in mouse models of aggressive liver and prostate cancers...

Inhibiting key enzyme may prevent midlife weight gain

Tue, 02 May 2017 09:00:00 PDT

New study shows that a certain enzyme plays a key role in midlife weight gain. Scientists inhibited the enzyme and lowered the risk of being overweight.

New type of cell that clears waste from the brain discovered

Tue, 02 May 2017 07:00:00 PDT

A study of zebrafish shows that the brain is surrounded by a previously unknown type of lymphatic cell that clears away waste leaked from the bloodstream.

'Volumetric' imaging method reveals chemical content, might lead to systems that eliminate need to draw blood for lab tests

Tue, 02 May 2017 04:00:00 PDT

A "chemical imaging" system that uses a special type of laser beam to penetrate deep into tissue might lead to technologies that eliminate the need to draw blood for analyses including drug testing...

Unravelling the mystery of DNA attacks in cells' powerhouse could pave way for new cancer treatments

Tue, 02 May 2017 00:00:00 PDT

New research has unravelled the mystery of how mitochondria - the energy generators within cells - can withstand attacks on their DNA from rogue molecules.

When students pay attention in class, their brains are in sync

Mon, 01 May 2017 00:00:00 PDT

When people in a group are more engaged with each other and with the world around them, their brainwaves show remarkably similar patterns.

New insights on triggering muscle formation

Fri, 28 Apr 2017 00:00:00 PDT

Researchers at Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute (SBP) have identified a previously unrecognized step in stem cell-mediated muscle regeneration.

Sense of smell is a unique product of genes and experience

Wed, 26 Apr 2017 07:00:00 PDT

Mouse study finds genes may dictate types of smell receptors in nose, but environment alters their number, giving each individual a unique sense of smell.

Tiny 'cages' could keep vaccines safe at high temperatures

Wed, 26 Apr 2017 00:00:00 PDT

Vaccines and antibodies could be transported and stored without refrigeration by capturing them in tiny silica 'cages', a discovery which could make getting vital medicines to remote or dangerous...