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Preview: Biology / Biochemistry News From Medical News Today

Biology / Biochemistry News From Medical News Today

Biology and biochemistry refer to the scientific study of life and living organisms in all forms and processes - including the study of chemical processes relating to living organisms. MNT covers news on cellular, molecular and physical discoveries, nanot

Copyright: Copyright 2016 Medical News Today

New study identifies possible predictor for women's longevity

Fri, 09 Dec 2016 00:00:00 PST

Death and taxes have long been said to be the only two things guaranteed in life. Exactly when someone will die, in most instances, remains a mystery.

How a high-fat diet enhances the spread of cancer

Thu, 08 Dec 2016 08:00:00 PST

As well as discovering a protein that is key to cancer metastasis, researchers have found that dietary fat works with this protein to worsen cancer spread.

Controlling gene activity in human development

Thu, 08 Dec 2016 00:00:00 PST

Researchers at the Babraham Institute have revealed a new understanding of the molecular switches that control gene activity in human embryonic stem cells.

Key regulator of bone development identified

Wed, 07 Dec 2016 06:00:00 PST

Loss of a key protein leads to defects in skeletal development including reduced bone density and a shortening of the fingers and toes - a condition known as brachydactyly.

Researchers uncover protein-based 'cancer signature'

Wed, 07 Dec 2016 00:00:00 PST

A research team at the University of Basel's Biozentrum has investigated the expression of ribosomal proteins in a wide range of human tissues including tumors and discovered a cancer type specific...

VIB scientists show NLRP2 protein's role in maintaining fertility later in life

Wed, 07 Dec 2016 00:00:00 PST

Led by Prof. Mohamed Lamkanfi (VIB-Ghent University), researchers have demonstrated in animal models that a protein called NLRP2 plays an important role in early embryogenesis, the process of cell...

Chemotherapy drug may trigger new egg production in women

Tue, 06 Dec 2016 07:00:00 PST

Small study finds more young eggs in ovaries of women receiving drugs for treating Hodgkin's lymphoma, compared with differently treated or healthy women.

Map of drugs reveals uncharted waters in search for new treatments

Tue, 06 Dec 2016 00:00:00 PST

Scientists have created a map of all 1,578 licensed drugs and their mechanisms of action - as a means of identifying 'uncharted waters' in the search for future treatments.

Uncovering a 'smoking gun' in age-related disease

Tue, 06 Dec 2016 00:00:00 PST

Aging is a key risk factor for a variety of devastating, chronic diseases, yet the biological factors that influence when and how rapidly cells deteriorate over time remain largely unknown.

Cancer: Molecular insights into anti-tumor effects of diabetes drug

Mon, 05 Dec 2016 07:00:00 PST

Study sheds new light at molecular level on how widely prescribed diabetes drug metformin protects epithelial barriers against stress and prevents tumors.

Bone loss may be linked to Alzheimer's disease

Fri, 02 Dec 2016 07:00:00 PST

A study in a mouse model of Alzheimer's finds a potential link between early bone loss and degeneration in an area of the brain that makes serotonin.

Enzyme research provides a new picture of depression

Thu, 01 Dec 2016 00:00:00 PST

Despite the fact that more than four percent of the world's population suffer from depression, and even though approximately 1,500 individuals commit suicide each year in Sweden, the understanding...

Huntington's disease affects muscle as well as brain

Wed, 30 Nov 2016 07:00:00 PST

After studying cell processes in mice, researchers suggest Huntington’s disease involves defects in muscle maturation as well as death of brain cells.

Our closest worm kin regrow body parts, raising hopes of regeneration in humans

Wed, 30 Nov 2016 00:00:00 PST

What if humans could regrow an amputated arm or leg, or completely restore nervous system function after a spinal cord injury?

Researchers discover a new regulator of mitochondria in invasive cancer growth

Mon, 28 Nov 2016 06:00:00 PST

Cancer cells' ability to invade and spread is what makes them deadly. In a recent study published in the journal Current Biology, Texas A&M College of Medicine researchers demonstrate that...

Self-deliverable GapmeR gene silencers designed to hit molecular targets in human cells

Mon, 28 Nov 2016 06:00:00 PST

A team of researchers led by Assistant Professor Navin Kumar Verma at Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (LKCMedicine) has developed a new method of gene...

Tissue damage is key for cell reprogramming

Mon, 28 Nov 2016 00:00:00 PST

Cell reprogramming does not happen exactly as we thought. In the pages of the journal Science, a team from the Spanish National Cancer Research Centre (CNIO) has shown that tissue damage is a...

Gut microbes switch host genes on and off under influence of diet

Fri, 25 Nov 2016 07:00:00 PST

New study of mice shows gut microbes alter gene expression - depending on diet - with a Western diet preventing many of the changes of a plant-rich one.

Changes in the diet affect epigenetics via the microbiota

Thu, 24 Nov 2016 06:00:00 PST

You are what you eat, the old saying goes, but why is that so? Researchers have known for some time that diet affects the balance of microbes in our bodies, but how that translates into an effect...

Cancer cells 'talk' to their environment, and it talks back

Thu, 24 Nov 2016 00:00:00 PST

Interactions between an animal cell and its environment, a fibrous network called the extracellular matrix, play a critical role in cell function, including growth and migration.

Missed connections: As people age, memory-related brain activity loses cohesion

Thu, 24 Nov 2016 00:00:00 PST

Groups of brain regions that synchronize their activity during memory tasks become smaller and more numerous as people age, according to a study published in PLOS Computational Biology.

Macular degeneration: Study sheds light on Alzheimer's proteins in retina

Wed, 23 Nov 2016 07:00:00 PST

Study reveals new insights into the molecular mechanisms of beta-amyloid buildup - a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease - in the retina of people with AMD.

Greater efforts are needed to encourage patients to report adverse drug reactions

Wed, 23 Nov 2016 06:00:00 PST

In a review of published studies addressing patients' perceptions and factors influencing their reporting of adverse drug reactions, most patients were not aware of reporting systems and others...

Mechanism of protective protein identified in fight against harmful bacteria

Tue, 22 Nov 2016 00:00:00 PST

Research from the University of Southampton, in collaboration with colleagues at A*STAR in Singapore, has provided new understanding of a protein which plays an important role in protecting...

Protein points cells in the right direction for migrations in developing tissues

Mon, 21 Nov 2016 09:00:00 PST

The stretching and growth of skin tissue during embryonic development in animals requires a novel signaling pathway involving CDC-42 GTPase to direct the movement of cells during migrations, report...