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Preview: Biology / Biochemistry News From Medical News Today

Biology / Biochemistry News From Medical News Today

Biology and biochemistry refer to the scientific study of life and living organisms in all forms and processes - including the study of chemical processes relating to living organisms. MNT covers news on cellular, molecular and physical discoveries, nanot

Copyright: Copyright 2016 Medical News Today

Inflammation turns mitochondria into toxic factories

Sun, 25 Sep 2016 00:00:00 PDT

Researchers discover how macrophages stop mitochondria from producing energy and coerce them into producing harmful products during inflammation.

Existence of exercise-induced muscle memory challenged

Fri, 23 Sep 2016 00:00:00 PDT

While there are many differences in gene expression after regular exercise training, researchers have found no evidence of training-induced muscle memory.

Cancer: Shutting down fat synthesis in cancer cells stunts tumor growth

Thu, 22 Sep 2016 07:00:00 PDT

Using an enzyme-blocking molecule that shuts down fat synthesis in cancer cells, researchers stunt tumor growth in transplanted cells and animal models.

Multiple sclerosis: Progression-reduction drug in the pipeline

Thu, 22 Sep 2016 00:00:00 PDT

Research has found that experimental drug, laquinimod, could potentially reduce the progression and may even prevent the development of multiple sclerosis.

Scavenger cells repair muscle fibers

Thu, 22 Sep 2016 00:00:00 PDT

Everybody knows the burning sensation in the legs when climbing down a steep slope for a long time. It is caused by microruptures in the cell membrane of our muscle fibers.

Alzheimer's protein changes shape to enter brain cells

Wed, 21 Sep 2016 07:00:00 PDT

A new study finds that amyloid beta - a protein involved in Alzheimer's disease - changes into a long, flat sheet before it enters brain cells.

Genes essential to life are enriched for human disease genes, large-scale mouse phenotyping study shows

Wed, 21 Sep 2016 00:00:00 PDT

Roughly a third of all genes in the mammalian genome are essential for life.

Asthma diagnosis from saliva test looks promising

Mon, 19 Sep 2016 07:00:00 PDT

Metabolic profiling of saliva using mass spectrometry has potential as a test for presence and severity of asthma, new study suggests.

"Moneyball" approach may help predict new drug toxicity in humans

Mon, 19 Sep 2016 06:00:00 PDT

Winning sports teams have long inspired business leaders, but now their strategies are influencing pharmaceutical researchers.

Gut pathogens thrive on body's tissue-repair mechanism

Mon, 19 Sep 2016 06:00:00 PDT

Why do some foodborne bacteria make us sick? A paper published in the journal Science has found that pathogens in the intestinal tract cause harm because they benefit from immune system responses...

Walking style may indicate aggressive personality

Sat, 17 Sep 2016 00:00:00 PDT

Researchers have identified that the way people walk can determine how aggressive they are. More exaggerated body rotation indicates more aggression.

Cold plasma will heal non-healing wounds

Fri, 16 Sep 2016 07:00:00 PDT

Russian scientists at the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT), the Joint Institute for High Temperatures of the Russian Academy of Sciences (JIHT RAS), and Gamaleya Research Centre of...

Cancer: Four-stranded DNA could help develop targeted treatments

Thu, 15 Sep 2016 07:00:00 PDT

By discovering how quadruple-helix DNA may help cancer progress, researchers come up with a possible new way to target cancer cells selectively.

Human kidney progenitors isolated, offering new clues to cell renewal

Wed, 14 Sep 2016 00:00:00 PDT

In a first-of-its-kind look at human kidney development, researchers at The Saban Research Institute of Children's Hospital Los Angeles have isolated human nephron progenitor (NP) cells.

Diabetes: Key to faster-acting insulin found in snail venom

Tue, 13 Sep 2016 07:00:00 PDT

A study of the 3-D composition of snail venom yields clues on how to alter insulin molecule to speed up cell signalling and make it act much faster.

Research examines how beardedness affects women's attraction to men

Tue, 13 Sep 2016 05:00:00 PDT

New research suggests that women tend to find beardedness attractive when judging long-term relationships, perhaps as a signal of formidability among males and the potential to provide direct...

The '5-second rule' is disproved in new study

Mon, 12 Sep 2016 07:00:00 PDT

Should you pick up that piece of food that just fell on the floor? Belief in the 5-second rule would say yes, but researchers tell a different tale.

Melanoma may be stoppable with drug that halts cancer cell proliferation

Mon, 12 Sep 2016 00:00:00 PDT

Study shows revonedistat, a drug already in testing, blocks a protein that melanoma and other types of cancer cells rely on to replicate at great speed.

Epilepsy drugs work by 'wedging themselves' into receptors

Fri, 09 Sep 2016 00:00:00 PDT

Examining the nature of epilepsy drug interactions promises to help improve treatment. There are still many molecular mysteries to be solved.

Tooth enamel structure and composition revealed in 3-D nanoscale maps

Thu, 08 Sep 2016 07:00:00 PDT

Using atom probe tomography, researchers produce first ever 3-D nanoscale maps of composition and structure of mature human dental enamel.

Fungi contribute to delayed healing of chronic wounds

Wed, 07 Sep 2016 00:00:00 PDT

Researchers in Pennsylvania and Iowa have discovered that fungal communities found in chronic wounds can form mixed bacterial-fungal biofilms and can be associated with poor outcomes and longer...

New research uncovers the first steps of how human organs and tissues develop

Thu, 01 Sep 2016 05:00:00 PDT

For the first time, the precise way individual human organs and tissue develop has been mapped - providing new insight into how genetic disorders can occur during the crucial early phase of...

Coffee intake depends on gene variation, study suggests

Sat, 27 Aug 2016 00:00:00 PDT

The amount of coffee a person drinks each day could be down to a particular genetic variant that affects caffeine metabolism, new research finds.

Face shape is in the genes

Fri, 26 Aug 2016 05:00:00 PDT

Genome-wide association study identifies genetic variants that contribute to healthy facial traits.

Could fish oil reverse negative effects of a fatty diet?

Thu, 25 Aug 2016 09:00:00 PDT

Breaking research into fish oil supplements shows that they may be able to stave off a number of metabolic changes associated with a high-fat diet.