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Preview: Biology / Biochemistry News From Medical News Today

Biology / Biochemistry News From Medical News Today

Biology and biochemistry refer to the scientific study of life and living organisms in all forms and processes - including the study of chemical processes relating to living organisms. MNT covers news on cellular, molecular and physical discoveries, nanot

Copyright: Copyright 2017 Medical News Today

Type 1 diabetes: Could modified blood stem cells lead to a cure?

Fri, 17 Nov 2017 07:00:00 PST

Researchers found that modifying blood stem cells to raise their levels of a T cell-blocking protein called PD-L1 reversed hyperglycemia in diabetic mice.

What is the immune system?

Fri, 17 Nov 2017 00:00:00 PST

The immune system defends our body against "foreign" invaders. Here, we explain how it works, and the cells, organs, and tissues that are involved.

There is such a thing as 'fault-free obesity,' after all

Wed, 15 Nov 2017 00:00:00 PST

New research shows how a genetic mutation may lead to obesity by increasing the size of the body's fat cells and making them absorb glucose faster.

Deadly brain tumors halted by blocking telomere protein

Mon, 13 Nov 2017 09:00:00 PST

By blocking TRF1, a protein involved in the protection of telomeres, researchers were able to halt the growth of glioblastoma tumors in mice.

Chronic fatigue syndrome: Changes in brain chemistry found

Mon, 13 Nov 2017 08:00:00 PST

A new study identifies brain chemistry changes in people with chronic fatigue syndrome and Gulf War illness, making the two conditions easier to diagnose.

Bugs in the basement? Here's why

Fri, 10 Nov 2017 07:00:00 PST

A new study of arthropods in 50 U.S. homes suggests that their diversity is influenced more by access to the outdoors than the behavior of human residents.

Study says daytime wounds heal faster, but do the data support the claim?

Fri, 10 Nov 2017 02:00:00 PST

Researchers say that burn wounds heal faster when they occur during the day, but others argue there are not enough data to draw conclusions.

How type 2 diabetes can be reversed with a low-calorie diet

Fri, 10 Nov 2017 00:00:00 PST

New research unveils the mechanism by which a diet very low in calories reverses type 2 diabetes in rodents. The findings may soon be confirmed in humans.

Got the night munchies? Beware diabetes and heart disease

Wed, 08 Nov 2017 00:00:00 PST

Emerging research suggests that eating late in the evening can increase susceptibility to heart disease and diabetes, putting 'night owls' at risk.

Cellular stress 'resets lifespan profoundly'

Wed, 08 Nov 2017 00:00:00 PST

In the quest to understand the mechanisms behind aging, scientists uncover a surprise: stressing out mitochondria reverses the aging process.

How does digestion work?

Wed, 08 Nov 2017 00:00:00 PST

In this introductory article, we explain what the digestive system does and how it works. We also cover the various chemicals and organs involved.

Cancer cells destroyed in just 3 days with new technique

Tue, 07 Nov 2017 10:00:00 PST

Researchers reveal how altering the structure of chromatin in cancer cells could make them vulnerable to chemotherapy and other treatments.

Alzheimer's: Preserving neurons may prevent depression, cognitive decline

Tue, 07 Nov 2017 07:00:00 PST

A study in rats finds that drugs that stop brain cell death may offer a new way to treat those with Alzheimer's who have depression with cognitive decline.

Aspiring astronauts: Beware of the health risks of space travel

Fri, 03 Nov 2017 08:00:00 PST

Trips to distant planets may soon be reality. But space travel takes its toll on the human body. How will our intrepid explorers stay safe?

Clogged arteries may be down to bacteria, not diet

Fri, 03 Nov 2017 07:00:00 PST

An analysis of the chemical signatures of fatty deposits in clogged arteries found that they matched lipids produced by mouth and gut bacteria.

Alzheimer's: Protein from outside the brain may be involved

Tue, 31 Oct 2017 07:00:00 PST

A new study in mice finds that amyloid beta from outside the brain can cause brain plaques, neuron damage, and other hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease.

Why do we get hungry?

Tue, 31 Oct 2017 02:00:00 PST

Find out how our stomachs and brains know that it's time for our next meal, and why we might reach for a tasty-looking snack even if we are not hungry.

Diabetes: Synthetic beta cells could lead to skin patch treatment

Mon, 30 Oct 2017 09:00:00 PST

Artificial beta cells that release insulin when blood sugar levels rise above normal show promise as a future treatment for diabetes.

What is vellus hair?

Mon, 30 Oct 2017 07:00:00 PST

Can vellus hair become terminal hair? How much vellus hair is normal? What is the link between vellus hair and baldness? Find out in this article.

'Self-regulating nanoparticles' can be made just hot enough to kill cancer

Wed, 25 Oct 2017 07:00:00 PST

Self-regulating nanoparticles could overcome a major hurdle in the use of hyperthermia for the treatment of cancer: controlling the target temperature.

Scientists uncover mutations needed for cancer to emerge

Mon, 23 Oct 2017 00:00:00 PST

Scientists have estimated the number of mutations involved in driving cancer. The mutations have been found to vary depending on the type of cancer.

How nerves fuel prostate cancer growth

Fri, 20 Oct 2017 00:00:00 PST

Researchers from the Albert Einstein College of Medicine have pinpointed how certain nerves drive the growth of prostate cancer using a metabolic 'switch.'

What is DNA?

Fri, 20 Oct 2017 00:00:00 PST

DNA is perhaps the most famous molecule on earth. Here we explain what it is, what it does, its double helix structure, and why it is so important to life.

Are migraines a self-defense mechanism?

Thu, 19 Oct 2017 07:00:00 PST

Migraines can severely impact daily functioning and productivity, but could they actually be a mark of the brain's self-protective mechanism?

Colorectal cancer: New, less toxic drug target uncovered

Wed, 18 Oct 2017 00:00:00 PST

New research uncovers a novel, less toxic drug target for treating colorectal cancer, which currently affects approximately 135,000 people in the U.S.