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Leading the Web to its Full Potential



Updated: 2017-05-23T21:34:13Z

 



Micropub is a W3C Recommendation

2017-05-23T21:34:13Z

The Social Web Working Group has published a W3C Recommendation of Micropub. Micropub is a client-to-server protocol used to create, update and delete social networking content. Web and native apps can use Micropub to post notes, photos, events, and many others to servers that support the protocol. Users can choose to create content in a […](image)

The Social Web Working Group has published a W3C Recommendation of Micropub. Micropub is a client-to-server protocol used to create, update and delete social networking content. Web and native apps can use Micropub to post notes, photos, events, and many others to servers that support the protocol. Users can choose to create content in a variety of client posting interfaces, while maintaining control of where the data is stored.

Prior to being adopted by the W3C Social Web Working Group for standardization, Micropub already had over a dozen independent implementations in the IndieWeb community. There are now over a dozen independent client and server implementations across a wide variety of languages and platforms.

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ActivityStreams 2.0 is now a W3C Recommendation

2017-05-23T19:40:56Z

The Social Web Working Group has published ActivityStreams 2.0 as a Recommendation. AS2 provides a JSON data model and vocabulary for representing common online social objects, activities, and the relationships between them. AS2 is anticipated to become the de-facto standard for sharing social data between disparate (perhaps decentralized) Social Web applications, and builds on the […](image)

(image) The Social Web Working Group has published ActivityStreams 2.0 as a Recommendation. AS2 provides a JSON data model and vocabulary for representing common online social objects, activities, and the relationships between them. AS2 is anticipated to become the de-facto standard for sharing social data between disparate (perhaps decentralized) Social Web applications, and builds on the well-used ActivityStreams 1.0. The AS2 Vocabularly provides a core set of terms, which are extensible using JSON-LD, and extensions may be made stable by means of the Social Web Incubator Community Group. AS2 may be used as part of any protocol, but the Social Web Working Group is developing ActivityPub specifically for AS2-based client-to-server and server-to-server interactions.

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First Public Working Draft: CSS Logical Properties and Values Level 1

2017-05-19T06:59:44Z

The CSS Working Group has published a First Public Working Draft of CSS Logical Properties and Values Level 1. This module introduces logical properties and values that provide the author with the ability to control layout through logical, rather than physical, direction and dimension mappings. The module defines logical properties and values for the features […](image)

The CSS Working Group has published a First Public Working Draft of CSS Logical Properties and Values Level 1. This module introduces logical properties and values that provide the author with the ability to control layout through logical, rather than physical, direction and dimension mappings. The module defines logical properties and values for the features defined in CSS21. These properties are writing-mode relative equivalents of their corresponding physical properties.

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First Public Working Draft: Payment Handler API

2017-05-18T13:54:02Z

The Web Payments Working Group has published a First Public Working Draft of Payment Handler API. The Working Group has previously published Payment Request API, which provides a standard way to initiate payment requests from Web pages and applications. User agents implementing that API prompt the user to select a way to handle the payment […](image)

The Web Payments Working Group has published a First Public Working Draft of Payment Handler API. The Working Group has previously published Payment Request API, which provides a standard way to initiate payment requests from Web pages and applications. User agents implementing that API prompt the user to select a way to handle the payment request, after which the user agent returns a payment response to the originating site. The new Payment Handler API defines capabilities that enable Web applications to handle payment requests, helping to streamline payments on the Web.

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Motion Sensors Explainer Note Published

2017-05-18T13:55:05Z

The Device and Sensors Working Group has published a Group Note of Motion Sensors Explainer. This explainer is an introduction to low-level and high-level motion sensors, their relationship, inner workings and common use-cases. Common cases of event filtering and sensor fusion are introduced with examples, showing how to apply that on sensors following the Generic […](image)

The Device and Sensors Working Group has published a Group Note of Motion Sensors Explainer. This explainer is an introduction to low-level and high-level motion sensors, their relationship, inner workings and common use-cases. Common cases of event filtering and sensor fusion are introduced with examples, showing how to apply that on sensors following the Generic Sensor API specification.

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First Public Working Draft: Orientation Sensor

2017-05-11T20:18:49Z

The Device and Sensors Working Group has published a Working Draft of Orientation Sensor. This specification defines a base orientation sensor interface and concrete sensor subclasses to monitor the device’s physical orientation in relation to a stationary three dimensional Cartesian coordinate system.(image)

The Device and Sensors Working Group has published a Working Draft of Orientation Sensor. This specification defines a base orientation sensor interface and concrete sensor subclasses to monitor the device’s physical orientation in relation to a stationary three dimensional Cartesian coordinate system.

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Spatial Data on the Web Best Practices Note Published

2017-05-18T13:54:38Z

The Spatial Data on the Web Working Group has published a Group Note of Spatial Data on the Web Best Practices. This document advises on best practices related to the publication of spatial data on the Web and the use of Web technologies as they may be applied to location. The best practices presented here […](image)

The Spatial Data on the Web Working Group has published a Group Note of Spatial Data on the Web Best Practices. This document advises on best practices related to the publication of spatial data on the Web and the use of Web technologies as they may be applied to location. The best practices presented here are intended for practitioners, including Web developers and geospatial experts, and are compiled based on evidence of real-world application. These best practices suggest a significant change of emphasis from traditional Spatial Data Infrastructures by adopting an approach based on general Web standards. As location is often the common factor across multiple datasets, spatial data is an especially useful addition to the Web of data.

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W3C Invites Implementations of ActivityPub

2017-05-09T21:05:49Z

The Social Web Working Group invites implementation of a revised Candidate Recommendation of ActivityPub. ActivityPub allows websites a direct social connection to user software, including Follow, Like, Share, and Comment, without an intermediate social network provider. It is built on the ActivityStreams 2.0 data format, and iterates on the design of OStatus, which last month […](image)

The Social Web Working Group invites implementation of a revised Candidate Recommendation of ActivityPub. ActivityPub allows websites a direct social connection to user software, including Follow, Like, Share, and Comment, without an intermediate social network provider. It is built on the ActivityStreams 2.0 data format, and iterates on the design of OStatus, which last month saw a wave of mainstream interest with Mastodon. It provides a client to server API for creating, updating and deleting content, as well as a federated server to server API for delivering notifications and subscribing to content.

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W3C Invites Implementations of CSS Grid Layout Module Level 1

2017-05-09T21:48:20Z

The CSS Working Group invites implementation of the Candidate Recommendation of CSS Grid Layout Module Level 1. This CSS module defines a two-dimensional grid-based layout system, optimized for user interface design. In the grid layout model, the children of a grid container can be positioned into arbitrary slots in a predefined flexible or fixed-size layout […](image)

The CSS Working Group invites implementation of the Candidate Recommendation of CSS Grid Layout Module Level 1. This CSS module defines a two-dimensional grid-based layout system, optimized for user interface design. In the grid layout model, the children of a grid container can be positioned into arbitrary slots in a predefined flexible or fixed-size layout grid. CSS is a language for describing the rendering of structured documents (such as HTML and XML) on screen, on paper, in speech, etc.

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First Public Working Draft: HTML Microdata

2017-05-11T20:14:08Z

The Web Platform Working Group has published a First Public Working Draft of HTML Microdata. This specification defines the HTML microdata mechanism. This mechanism allows machine-readable data to be embedded in HTML documents with an unambiguous parsing model. It is compatible with JSON, and can be written in a style which is convertible to RDF.(image)

The Web Platform Working Group has published a First Public Working Draft of HTML Microdata. This specification defines the HTML microdata mechanism. This mechanism allows machine-readable data to be embedded in HTML documents with an unambiguous parsing model. It is compatible with JSON, and can be written in a style which is convertible to RDF.

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HTML Media Capture is a Candidate Recommendation

2017-05-23T21:30:42Z

The Device and Sensors Working Group has published a Candidate Recommendation of HTML Media Capture. The HTML Media Capture specification defines an HTML form extension that facilitates user access to a device’s media capture mechanism, such as a camera, or microphone, from within a file upload control.(image)

The Device and Sensors Working Group has published a Candidate Recommendation of HTML Media Capture. The HTML Media Capture specification defines an HTML form extension that facilitates user access to a device’s media capture mechanism, such as a camera, or microphone, from within a file upload control.

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Web Accessibility Tutorials Updated

2017-05-11T20:13:50Z

Updated Web Accessibility Tutorials on Menus, Page Structure, Forms, Images, Tables, and Carousels were published by the Education and Outreach Working Group. Updates are listed in the changelog. These tutorials show you how to create web content that is accessible to people with disabilities and that improves the user experience for all users. They include […](image)

(image) Updated Web Accessibility Tutorials on Menus, Page Structure, Forms, Images, Tables, and Carousels were published by the Education and Outreach Working Group.

Updates are listed in the changelog. These tutorials show you how to create web content that is accessible to people with disabilities and that improves the user experience for all users. They include general guidance, and specific examples for HTML5 and WAI-ARIA.

Learn more about the Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI).

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Two Notes Published by the Digital Publishing Interest Group

2017-05-11T20:13:28Z

The Digital Publishing Interest Group has published two Interest Group Notes, documenting the outcomes of a long standing work exploring the possibilities of Publishing on the Web. The two notes are: Web Publications Use Cases and Requirements collects the use cases and the requirements users and publishers face when publishing documents like electronic books, scholarly […](image)

The Digital Publishing Interest Group has published two Interest Group Notes, documenting the outcomes of a long standing work exploring the possibilities of Publishing on the Web. The two notes are:

  • Web Publications Use Cases and Requirements collects the use cases and the requirements users and publishers face when publishing documents like electronic books, scholarly journal articles, corporate memos and newsletter, or magazine articles in a digital, Web environment. The document includes 25 different requirements spread over a large number of use cases. The technical considerations related to these requirements are further analyzed in the companion document published also as an Interest Group Note.
  • Web Publications for the Open Web Platform: Vision And Technical Challenges collects a number of technical issues and outlines a number of possible technical approaches to respond to the requirements listed in the companion UCR document. This document introduces Web Publications, a vision for the future of digital publishing based on a fully native representation of documents within the Open Web Platform. Web publications can be packaged and they can be portable. Web publications work online or offline. Web publications can be accessible, linkable, and annotatable.

These two documents serve as input, alongside other sources and further deliberations, to a proposed, draft Working Group Charter for a Publishing Working Group.

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Recommendation to enable decentralised notifications on the Web

2017-05-18T19:00:44Z

The Social Web Working Group has published Linked Data Notifications (LDN) as a W3C Recommendation today. LDN provides a mechanism for passing notifications around between clients and servers. Notifications can contain any data, and are expressed in RDF. The contents may be used internally by the receiving system, or exposed to a user through a […](image)

The Social Web Working Group has published Linked Data Notifications (LDN) as a W3C Recommendation today.

LDN provides a mechanism for passing notifications around between clients and servers. Notifications can contain any data, and are expressed in RDF. The contents may be used internally by the receiving system, or exposed to a user through a consuming client application. Any resource can advertise a receiving endpoint (Inbox). This is a core building block for interoperable decentralized systems, as it enables servers (which may be personal datastores) to expose endpoints for receiving notifications from both client applications (like social network sites) and other servers (like nodes in a federated social network). Furthermore, the notifications are uniquely identifiable and reusable by other applications, so the data can serve multiple purposes, and people are not locked into using the application which originally generated a notification.

LDN is already demonstrated to work well with several other existing W3C standards, including the Web Annotations Protocol and Vocabulary, and Linked Data Platform servers can serve as LDN receivers out of the box.

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W3C Marks Second Anniversary of W3Cx with New Training Offerings for Web Developers

2017-05-09T21:01:26Z

Just two years after launching its first HTML5 course on W3Cx, W3C is expanding its program offerings with an introductory level course in JavaScript development, created in partnership with University Côte d’Azur. Additionally, W3C is launching a “Front-End Web Developer” Professional Certificate on edX.org, which consists of a suite of five W3Cx courses on the […](image)

(image) Just two years after launching its first HTML5 course on W3Cx, W3C is expanding its program offerings with an introductory level course in JavaScript development, created in partnership with University Côte d’Azur. Additionally, W3C is launching a “Front-End Web Developer” Professional Certificate on edX.org, which consists of a suite of five W3Cx courses on the three foundational languages that power the Web: HTML5, CSS and JavaScript. All courses, designed to build or advance critical skills in Front-End Web development, are open for enrollment and will start on May 30. This second anniversary also includes the milestone of exceeding enrollment goals with nearly 400,000 students from every world country. Read more in the press release.

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QB4ST: RDF Data Cube extensions for spatio-temporal components Note Published

2017-05-03T08:39:23Z

The Spatial Data on the Web Working Group has published a Group Note of QB4ST: RDF Data Cube extensions for spatio-temporal components. This document describes an extension to the existing RDF Data Cube ontology to support specification of key metadata required to interpret spatio-temporal data. The RDF Data Cube defines CodedProperties, which relate to a […](image)

The Spatial Data on the Web Working Group has published a Group Note of QB4ST: RDF Data Cube extensions for spatio-temporal components. This document describes an extension to the existing RDF Data Cube ontology to support specification of key metadata required to interpret spatio-temporal data. The RDF Data Cube defines CodedProperties, which relate to a reference system based on a list of terms. QB4ST provides generalized support for numeric and other ordered references systems, particularly Spatial Reference Systems and Temporal Reference Systems.

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Call for Review: XSL Transformations (XSLT) Version 3.0 Proposed Recommendation Published

2017-05-04T23:34:37Z

The XSLT Working Group has published a Proposed Recommendation of XSL Transformations (XSLT) Version 3.0. This specification defines the syntax and semantics of XSLT 3.0, a language designed primarily for transforming XML documents into other XML documents. XSLT 3.0 is a revised version of the XSLT 2.0 Recommendation published on 23 January 2007. The primary […](image)

The XSLT Working Group has published a Proposed Recommendation of XSL Transformations (XSLT) Version 3.0. This specification defines the syntax and semantics of XSLT 3.0, a language designed primarily for transforming XML documents into other XML documents. XSLT 3.0 is a revised version of the XSLT 2.0 Recommendation published on 23 January 2007. The primary purpose of the changes in this version of the language is to enable transformations to be performed in streaming mode, where neither the source document nor the result document is ever held in memory in its entirety. Another important aim is to improve the modularity of large stylesheets, allowing stylesheets to be developed from independently-developed components with a high level of software engineering robustness. Comments are welcome through 19 May.

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W3C Invites Implementations of Encoding

2017-05-03T08:39:13Z

The Internationalization Working Group invites implementation of the Candidate Recommendation of Encoding. The UTF-8 encoding is the most appropriate encoding for interchange of Unicode, the universal coded character set. Therefore for new protocols and formats, as well as existing formats deployed in new contexts, this specification requires (and defines) the UTF-8 encoding.(image)

The Internationalization Working Group invites implementation of the Candidate Recommendation of Encoding. The UTF-8 encoding is the most appropriate encoding for interchange of Unicode, the universal coded character set. Therefore for new protocols and formats, as well as existing formats deployed in new contexts, this specification requires (and defines) the UTF-8 encoding.

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Call for Review: 3 Proposed Recommendations published for Social Web Working Group

2017-04-18T17:49:24Z

The Social Web Working Group has published a Proposed Recommendation for three documents: Micropub: The Micropub protocol is used to create, update and delete posts on one’s own domain using third-party clients. Web apps and native apps (e.g., iPhone, Android) can use Micropub to post and edit articles, short notes, comments, likes, photos, events or […](image)

The Social Web Working Group has published a Proposed Recommendation for three documents:

  • Micropub: The Micropub protocol is used to create, update and delete posts on one’s own domain using third-party clients. Web apps and native apps (e.g., iPhone, Android) can use Micropub to post and edit articles, short notes, comments, likes, photos, events or other kinds of posts on your own website.
  • Activity Streams 2.0: This specification details a model for representing potential and completed activities using the JSON format.
  • Activity Vocabulary: The Activity Streams 2.0 Core Syntax defines the JSON syntax for Activity Streams and a set of abstract types and properties that describe past, present and future Activities. This document defines the vocabulary properties.

Comments are welcome through 15 May 2017.

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W3C Invites Implementations of ActivityPub

2017-05-03T00:01:38Z

The Social Web Working Group invites implementation of the Candidate Recommendation of ActivityPub. The ActivityPub protocol is a decentralized social networking protocol based upon the ActivityStreams 2.0 data format. It provides a client to server API for creating, updating and deleting content, as well as a federated server to server API for delivering notifications and […](image)

The Social Web Working Group invites implementation of the Candidate Recommendation of ActivityPub. The ActivityPub protocol is a decentralized social networking protocol based upon the ActivityStreams 2.0 data format. It provides a client to server API for creating, updating and deleting content, as well as a federated server to server API for delivering notifications and subscribing to content.

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First Public Working Draft: CSS Fill and Stroke Module Level 3

2017-05-03T00:51:37Z

The Cascading Style Sheets Working Group has published a First Public Working Draft of CSS Fill and Stroke Module Level 3. This specification describes how text and SVG graphical elements are filled and stroked by defining a number of properties that control the appearance and shape of an element’s fill and stroke. The module contains […](image)

The Cascading Style Sheets Working Group has published a First Public Working Draft of CSS Fill and Stroke Module Level 3. This specification describes how text and SVG graphical elements are filled and stroked by defining a number of properties that control the appearance and shape of an element’s fill and stroke. The module contains the features of CSS relating to filling and stroking text and SVG shapes.

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W3C Invites Implementations of Beacon

2017-04-18T17:49:10Z

The Web Performance Working Group invites implementation of the Candidate Recommendation of Beacon. This specification defines an interface that web developers can use to schedule asynchronous and non-blocking delivery of data that minimizes resource contention with other time-critical operations, while ensuring that such requests are still processed and delivered to destination.(image)

The Web Performance Working Group invites implementation of the Candidate Recommendation of Beacon. This specification defines an interface that web developers can use to schedule asynchronous and non-blocking delivery of data that minimizes resource contention with other time-critical operations, while ensuring that such requests are still processed and delivered to destination.

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W3C responds to UNESCO concerns about Encrypted Media Extensions

2017-05-03T00:01:28Z

UNESCO recently published a letter and an article about Encrypted Media Extensions. Since we didn’t have an opportunity to set the record straight with them, we are responding here. The spirit of the letter is anchored in UNESCO’s values and the concept of Internet Universality. We agree on the concept of Internet Universality. We even […]UNESCO recently published a letter and an article about Encrypted Media Extensions. Since we didn’t have an opportunity to set the record straight with them, we are responding here. The spirit of the letter is anchored in UNESCO’s values and the concept of Internet Universality. We agree on the concept of Internet Universality. We even believe that those who are trying to restrict movies from the Internet are violating the concept of universality by preventing certain content from being on the Web. We note that EME does in fact provide improvements in privacy, security and accessibility over the alternatives. The alternative to EME allowing interaction with copyrighted content in Web browser plugins is abandoning the Web. Without in-browser decryption ability, content providers would use their own native application, which will have much more leeway to spy on the user, and possibly infect their machine. With EME, the browser can protect the user from the worst effects of the DRM system, by putting it in a processing “sandbox”, such that access to network, user’s data or machine is only permitted as allowed by the sandbox, thus offering protection against things like the root kit problems and privacy breaches we have had in the past. Regarding accessibility, analysis and testing confirmed that the specification’s approach to captions, transcripts and audio description does not block access to this accessibility information. Moreover, since EME recommends that accessibility information is transmitted without any encryption, it is particularly suited (EME and accessibility) for accessible and legal fair use where accessibility is concerned – including accessibility adaptations to the video stream itself. When UNESCO suggests that laws such as DMCA are against UN principles, we note that their colleagues at WIPO have been a motivating force behind such laws. We would urge UNESCO to use its own weight to insist that Member States’ laws on the Internet are always reasonable and proportionate and respectful of human rights. We are a technical standards organization but litigating the laws of a single country or many nations (like the WIPO treaty) is the role of legal advocates such as the EFF or UNESCO. EFF has, as a member of the Consortium, initiated a move to get the members of the working group developing EME to agree to a covenant that they would not sue under the DMCA, but the proposal was rejected by the Members. Following that, the Consortium is considering a strawman broader Best Practices document W3C Security Disclosures and Privacy Best Practices to protect Security researchers and others from the overreach of the law. We invite the public, experts, W3C Members and interested parties to advocate and get consensus on any changes needed to better help support researchers in security and privacy. We intend to continue to address the public discourse with an update to our March 2016 Information about W3C and Encrypted Media Extensions. [...]



First Public Working Draft: Accessibility Conformance Testing (ACT) Rules Format 1.0

2017-04-14T04:49:22Z

Accessibility Conformance Testing (ACT) Rules Format 1.0 has been published as a First Public Working Draft. It specifies a common format for accessibility test rules, and how to write test procedures for quality assurance. It facilitates harmonization of accessibility testing approaches, and helps organizations to better document and share their testing methods. Please comment by […](image)

Accessibility Conformance Testing (ACT) Rules Format 1.0 has been published as a First Public Working Draft. It specifies a common format for accessibility test rules, and how to write test procedures for quality assurance. It facilitates harmonization of accessibility testing approaches, and helps organizations to better document and share their testing methods. Please comment by filing GitHub issues in the WCAG ACT repository or, if this is not feasible, by email to public-wcag-act-comments@w3.org, by 5 May 2017. More information is in the blog post WCAG Accessibility Conformance Testing (ACT); Read about the Accessibility Guidelines Working Group and the Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI).

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Sir Tim Berners-Lee named recipient of the ACM A.M. Turing Award

2017-05-23T15:44:48Z

Today, Tuesday 4 April, the ACM, the Association for Computing Machinery, named Sir Tim Berners-Lee, inventor of the Web and Director of the World Wide Web Consortium, as the recipient of the 2016 ACM A.M. Turing Award. The Turing award is recognized as the highest distinction in Computer Science and is sometimes referred to as […](image)

(image) (image) Today, Tuesday 4 April, the ACM, the Association for Computing Machinery, named Sir Tim Berners-Lee, inventor of the Web and Director of the World Wide Web Consortium, as the recipient of the 2016 ACM A.M. Turing Award.

The Turing award is recognized as the highest distinction in Computer Science and is sometimes referred to as the “Nobel Prize of Computing.” Sir Tim is being given this award for inventing the World Wide Web, the first web browser, and the fundamental protocols and algorithms allowing the Web to scale. The Web is considered one of the most influential computing innovations in history.

Sir Tim’s development and guardianship of the building blocks of the Web, the standards upon which it is built upon, continues at W3C. Jeff Jaffe, CEO of W3C, stated: “The Web has had an immense impact on the world; transforming every part of society: how we communicate, how we learn, how we acquire information, and how we engage in commerce. Tim’s soaring vision of what was possible in the world is anchored on breakthrough contributions to computing – which is what is recognized by the Turing Award.”

For more information on the award, Sir Tim, and the W3C, see the W3C press release.

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