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Leading the Web to its Full Potential



Updated: 2017-01-18T17:20:51Z

 



Proposed Recommendations published for Web Annotation

2017-01-18T17:20:51Z

The Web Annotation Working Group has published a Proposed Recommendation for three documents: Web Annotation Data Model: This specification describes a structured model and format, in JSON, to enable annotations to be shared and reused across different hardware and software platforms. Common use cases can be modeled in a manner that is simple and convenient, […](image)

The Web Annotation Working Group has published a Proposed Recommendation for three documents:

  • Web Annotation Data Model: This specification describes a structured model and format, in JSON, to enable annotations to be shared and reused across different hardware and software platforms. Common use cases can be modeled in a manner that is simple and convenient, while at the same time enabling more complex requirements, including linking arbitrary content to a particular data point or to segments of timed multimedia resources.
  • Web Annotation Vocabulary specifies the set of RDF classes, predicates and named entities that are used by the Web Annotation Data Model. It also lists recommended terms from other ontologies that are used in the model, and provides the JSON-LD Context and profile definitions needed to use the Web Annotation JSON serialization in a Linked Data context.
  • Web Annotation Protocol: This specification describes the transport mechanisms for creating and managing annotations in a method that is consistent with the Web Architecture and REST best practices.

Comments are welcome through 14 February 2017.

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Proposed Recommendations published for XQuery WG and XSLT WG

2017-01-18T16:41:31Z

The XML Query Working Group and XSLT Working Group have published a Proposed Recommendation for four documents: XQuery and XPath Data Model 3.1: This document defines the XQuery and XPath Data Model 3.1, which is the data model of XML Path Language (XPath) 3.1, XSL Transformations (XSLT) Version 3.0, and XQuery 3.1: An XML Query […](image)

The XML Query Working Group and XSLT Working Group have published a Proposed Recommendation for four documents:

  • XQuery and XPath Data Model 3.1: This document defines the XQuery and XPath Data Model 3.1, which is the data model of XML Path Language (XPath) 3.1, XSL Transformations (XSLT) Version 3.0, and XQuery 3.1: An XML Query Language. The XQuery and XPath Data Model 3.1 (henceforth “data model”) serves two purposes. First, it defines the information contained in the input to an XSLT or XQuery processor. Second, it defines all permissible values of expressions in the XSLT, XQuery, and XPath languages.
  • XPath and XQuery Functions and Operators 3.1: The purpose of this document is to catalog the functions and operators required for XPath 3.1, XQuery 3.1, and XSLT 3.0. It defines constructor functions, operators, and functions on the datatypes defined in XML Schema Part 2: Datatypes Second Edition and the datatypes defined in XQuery and XPath Data Model (XDM) 3.1. It also defines functions and operators on nodes and node sequences as defined in the XQuery and XPath Data Model (XDM) 3.1.
  • XML Path Language (XPath) 3.1: XPath 3.1 is an expression language that allows the processing of values conforming to the data model defined in XQuery and XPath Data Model (XDM) 3.1. The name of the language derives from its most distinctive feature, the path expression, which provides a means of hierarchic addressing of the nodes in an XML tree. As well as modeling the tree structure of XML, the data model also includes atomic values, function items, and sequences.
  • XSLT and XQuery Serialization 3.1: This document defines serialization of an instance of the data model as defined in XQuery and XPath Data Model (XDM) 3.1 into a sequence of octets. Serialization is designed to be a component that can be used by other specifications such as XSL Transformations (XSLT) Version 3.0 or XQuery 3.1: An XML Query Language.

Comments are welcome through 28 February 2017.

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Proposed Recommendations published for XQuery WG

2017-01-18T16:42:06Z

The XML Query Working Group has published a Proposed Recommendation for two documents: XQuery 3.1: An XML Query Language: XML is a versatile markup language, capable of labeling the information content of diverse data sources including structured and semi-structured documents, relational databases, and object repositories. A query language that uses the structure of XML intelligently […](image)

The XML Query Working Group has published a Proposed Recommendation for two documents:

  • XQuery 3.1: An XML Query Language: XML is a versatile markup language, capable of labeling the information content of diverse data sources including structured and semi-structured documents, relational databases, and object repositories. A query language that uses the structure of XML intelligently can express queries across all these kinds of data, whether physically stored in XML or viewed as XML via middleware. This specification describes a query language called XQuery, which is designed to be broadly applicable across many types of XML data sources.
  • XQueryX 3.1: XQueryX is an XML representation of an XQuery. It was created by mapping the productions of the XQuery grammar into XML productions. The result is not particularly convenient for humans to read and write, but it is easy for programs to parse, and because XQueryX is represented in XML, standard XML tools can be used to create, interpret, or modify queries.

Comments are welcome through 28 February 2017.

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Webmention is a W3C Recommendation

2017-01-13T07:36:14Z

The Social Web Working Group has published a W3C Recommendation of Webmention. A Webmention is a notification that one URL links to another and is a simple way to notify any URL when you mention it on your site. From the receiver’s perspective, it’s a way to request notifications when other sites mention it.(image)

The Social Web Working Group has published a W3C Recommendation of Webmention. A Webmention is a notification that one URL links to another and is a simple way to notify any URL when you mention it on your site. From the receiver’s perspective, it’s a way to request notifications when other sites mention it.

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Network Service Discovery Note Published

2017-01-12T18:38:49Z

The Device and Sensors Working Group has published a Group Note of Network Service Discovery. This specification defines a mechanism for an HTML document to discover and subsequently communicate with HTTP-based services advertised via common discovery protocols within the current network.(image)

The Device and Sensors Working Group has published a Group Note of Network Service Discovery. This specification defines a mechanism for an HTML document to discover and subsequently communicate with HTTP-based services advertised via common discovery protocols within the current network.

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W3C and OGC put more Spatial (and space-born) Data on the Web

2017-01-05T13:00:56Z

The Spatial Data on the Web Working Group, a collaboration between W3C and the Open Geospatial Consortium, has published 4 documents today. QB4ST adds extensions to the RDF Data Cube for spatio-temporal components. These are designed to make it easier to share and manipulate data such as Earth Observations with linkable slices through time and […](image)

The Spatial Data on the Web Working Group, a collaboration between W3C and the Open Geospatial Consortium, has published 4 documents today. QB4ST adds extensions to the RDF Data Cube for spatio-temporal components. These are designed to make it easier to share and manipulate data such as Earth Observations with linkable slices through time and space. The QB4ST extensions are used in another of today’s publications, Publishing and Using Earth Observation Data with the RDF Data Cube and the Discrete Global Grid System, which shows how SPARQL queries can be served through OGC’s developing Discrete Global Grid System for observations, coupled with a triple store for observational metadata. The approach makes use of the power of Linked Data on the Web without requiring all data points to be encoded as RDF triples.

The latest Working Draft of the Semantic Sensor Network Ontology sets out a modular approach that allows alignment with related vocabularies. The modular architecture supports the judicious use of “just enough” semantics for diverse applications, including satellite imagery, large scale scientific monitoring, industrial and household infrastructure, citizen observers, and the Web of Things. Finally, the Working Group is pleased to publish an update to its Spatial Data on the Web Best Practices document that advises on best practices related to the publication and usage of spatial data on the Web; the use of Web technologies as they may be applied to location.

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Updated Resources: Planning and Managing Web Accessibility

2016-12-22T11:36:34Z

The Education and Outreach Working Group (EOWG) has updated three resources. Planning and Managing Web Accessibility helps you integrate accessibility throughout the Web production process. It applies to individual projects and at the organizational level. Developing Organizational Policies on Web Accessibility helps you develop a simple or comprehensive Web accessibility policy for an organization. Web […](image)

The Education and Outreach Working Group (EOWG) has updated three resources. Planning and Managing Web Accessibility helps you integrate accessibility throughout the Web production process. It applies to individual projects and at the organizational level. Developing Organizational Policies on Web Accessibility helps you develop a simple or comprehensive Web accessibility policy for an organization. Web Accessibility First Aid: Approaches for Interim Repairs is intended to help with the situation: "I need to make my website accessible and I don’t even know where to start!" It provides guidance on addressing short-term accessibility fixes. Read more about the Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI).

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Updated: Easy Checks, A First Review of Web Accessibility

2017-01-17T20:56:32Z

The Education and Outreach Working Group (EOWG) has updated Easy Checks – A First Review of Web Accessibility. This resource helps you start to assess the accessibility of a Web page. With these simple steps, you can get an idea whether or not accessibility is addressed in even the most basic way. These checks cover […](image)

The Education and Outreach Working Group (EOWG) has updated Easy Checks – A First Review of Web Accessibility. This resource helps you start to assess the accessibility of a Web page. With these simple steps, you can get an idea whether or not accessibility is addressed in even the most basic way. These checks cover just a few accessibility issues and are designed to be quick and easy, rather than definitive. This update includes a new check on Moving, Flashing, or Blinking Content and instructions for the Web Developer Toolbar for multiple browsers. Read more about the Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI).

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Open Web Platform year-end Highlights 2016

2017-01-13T07:36:22Z

W3C published today Open Web Platform year-end Highlights 2016. We invite you to read how we are moving the Web ahead by continuously enhancing Web technology in particular in areas such as Virtual Reality, Web Payments, Web security and authentication, media playback, Web and Automotive, and by strengthening the core of the Web, HTML. Celebrate […](image)

(image) W3C published today Open Web Platform year-end Highlights 2016. We invite you to read how we are moving the Web ahead by continuously enhancing Web technology in particular in areas such as Virtual Reality, Web Payments, Web security and authentication, media playback, Web and Automotive, and by strengthening the core of the Web, HTML. Celebrate with us the 20th anniversary of CSS starting 17 December and throughout the coming year. Lastly, learn how the Web impacts your industry by meeting Members of the W3C Team at CES on 5-8 January 2017, Las Vegas, NV, USA. Come meet and discuss – we will be in Suite #313 at the Westgate Hotel.

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Call for Review: Data on the Web Best Practices

2017-01-05T11:53:01Z

The W3C Data on the Web Best Practices is now a Proposed Recommendation. Complemented by the Dataset Usage and Data Quality vocabularies (both published today as stable Notes), the Best Practices set out how publishers can share data on the Web with maximum benefit by harnessing the Network Effect. Areas like licensing, provenance, access APIs, […](image)

The W3C Data on the Web Best Practices is now a Proposed Recommendation. Complemented by the Dataset Usage and Data Quality vocabularies (both published today as stable Notes), the Best Practices set out how publishers can share data on the Web with maximum benefit by harnessing the Network Effect. Areas like licensing, provenance, access APIs, identifiers for and within datasets, feedback, enrichment and preservation are all covered in this comprehensive work.

The Data on the Web Best Practices Working Group has compiled a substantial implementation report that demonstrates that the Best Practices are followed across many domains including government, scientific research and cultural heritage. The three documents are designed to further develop a dynamic ecosystem in which data can be discovered, understood, evaluated and reused, and that reuse recognized. Comments are welcome through 15 January 2017.

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Call for Review: Web Cryptography API Proposed Recommendation Published

2017-01-05T11:52:54Z

The W3C Web Cryptography is now a Proposed Recommendation. This specification describes a JavaScript API for performing basic cryptographic operations in web applications, such as hashing, signature generation and verification, and encryption and decryption. Additionally, it describes an API for applications to generate and/or manage the keying material necessary to perform these operations. Uses for […](image)

The W3C Web Cryptography is now a Proposed Recommendation. This specification describes a JavaScript API for performing basic cryptographic operations in web applications, such as hashing, signature generation and verification, and encryption and decryption. Additionally, it describes an API for applications to generate and/or manage the keying material necessary to perform these operations. Uses for this API range from user or service authentication, document or code signing, and the confidentiality and integrity of communications. Comments are welcome through 15 January 2017.

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W3C Invites Implementations of Activity Streams 2.0 and Activity Vocabulary

2017-01-17T20:56:19Z

The Social Web Working Group invites implementation of two Candidate Recommendations: Activity Streams 2.0: This specification details a model for representing potential and completed activities using the JSON format. In the most basic sense, an “Activity” is a semantic description of an action. It is the goal of this specification to provide a JSON-based syntax […](image)

The Social Web Working Group invites implementation of two Candidate Recommendations:

  • Activity Streams 2.0: This specification details a model for representing potential and completed activities using the JSON format. In the most basic sense, an “Activity” is a semantic description of an action. It is the goal of this specification to provide a JSON-based syntax that is sufficient to express metadata about activities in a rich, human-friendly but machine-processable and extensible manner.
  • Activity Vocabulary: This specification describes the Activity vocabulary. The Activity Streams 2.0 Vocabulary defines a set of abstract types and properties that describe past, present and future Activities.
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Digital Publishing WAI-ARIA Module 1.0 is a Candidate Recommendation

2017-01-12T18:11:10Z

Digital Publishing WAI-ARIA Module 1.0 has been published as a Candidate Recommendation and is now undergoing implementation finalization and testing. DPub-ARIA defines a WAI-ARIA module encompassing an ontology of roles, states and properties specific to the digital publishing industry. This allows an author to convey user interface behaviors and structural information to assistive technologies and […](image)

Digital Publishing WAI-ARIA Module 1.0 has been published as a Candidate Recommendation and is now undergoing implementation finalization and testing. DPub-ARIA defines a WAI-ARIA module encompassing an ontology of roles, states and properties specific to the digital publishing industry. This allows an author to convey user interface behaviors and structural information to assistive technologies and to enable semantic navigation, styling and interactive features used by readers. More information about this publication is available in the blog DPUB-ARIA 1.0 is Released as a Candidate Recommendation. The draft implementation report shows the progress of testing. Please send implementation information or comments by 27 January 2017. Read about the Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI).

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Content Security Policy Level 2 is a W3C Recommendation

2017-01-12T18:10:11Z

The Web Application Security Working Group has published a W3C Recommendation of Content Security Policy Level 2. This document defines a policy language used to declare a set of content restrictions for a web resource, and a mechanism for transmitting the policy from a server to a client where the policy is enforced.(image)

The Web Application Security Working Group has published a W3C Recommendation of Content Security Policy Level 2. This document defines a policy language used to declare a set of content restrictions for a web resource, and a mechanism for transmitting the policy from a server to a client where the policy is enforced.

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WebIDL Level 1 is a W3C Recommendation

2017-01-12T17:59:45Z

The Web Platform Working Group has published a W3C Recommendation of WebIDL Level 1. This document defines an interface definition language, Web IDL, that can be used to describe interfaces that are intended to be implemented in web browsers. Web IDL is an IDL variant with a number of features that allow the behavior of […](image)

The Web Platform Working Group has published a W3C Recommendation of WebIDL Level 1. This document defines an interface definition language, Web IDL, that can be used to describe interfaces that are intended to be implemented in web browsers. Web IDL is an IDL variant with a number of features that allow the behavior of common script objects in the web platform to be specified more readily. How interfaces described with Web IDL correspond to constructs within ECMAScript execution environments is also detailed in this document. It is expected that newly published specifications reference this document to ensure conforming implementations of interfaces are interoperable.

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W3C Invites Implementations of XQuery 3.1, XQueryX 3.1, XPath 3.1 and supporting documents

2016-12-20T14:55:52Z

The XML Query Working Group has republished Candidate Recommendations of XQuery 3.1: An XML Query Language, XQueryX 3.1, and, jointly with the XSLT Working Group, XML Path Language (XPath) 3.1, XQuery and XPath Data Model 3.1, XQuery and XPath Functions and Operators 3.1, and XSLT and XQuery Serialization 3.1. The republications reflect small but substantive […](image)

The XML Query Working Group has republished Candidate Recommendations of XQuery 3.1: An XML Query Language, XQueryX 3.1, and, jointly with the XSLT Working Group, XML Path Language (XPath) 3.1, XQuery and XPath Data Model 3.1, XQuery and XPath Functions and Operators 3.1, and XSLT and XQuery Serialization 3.1. The republications reflect small but substantive changes since the previous publication; the Working Groups hope to move these specifications to Proposed Recommendation in January.

The XML Query Working Group also updated the XQuery 3.1 Requirements and Use Cases note.

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W3C Invites Implementations of Performance Timeline Level 2

2016-12-15T19:47:03Z

The Web Performance Working Group invites implementation of the Candidate Recommendation of Performance Timeline Level 2. This specification extends the High Resolution Time specification by providing methods to store and retrieve high resolution performance metric data. Accurately measuring performance characteristics of web applications is an important aspect of making web applications faster. This specification defines […](image)

The Web Performance Working Group invites implementation of the Candidate Recommendation of Performance Timeline Level 2. This specification extends the High Resolution Time specification by providing methods to store and retrieve high resolution performance metric data. Accurately measuring performance characteristics of web applications is an important aspect of making web applications faster. This specification defines the necessary Performance Timeline primitives that enable web developers to access, instrument, and retrieve various performance metrics from the full lifecycle of a web application.

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W3C Advisory Committee Elects Technical Architecture Group

2016-12-15T19:46:35Z

The W3C Advisory Committee has elected the following people to the W3C Technical Architecture Group (TAG): Travis Leithead (Microsoft), Sangwhan Moon (Odd Concepts) and Alex Russell (Google), who all begin 2-year terms on 1 February 2017. The number of nominees being equal to the number of available seats, the nominees were thereby elected. There remains […](image)

The W3C Advisory Committee has elected the following people to the W3C Technical Architecture Group (TAG): Travis Leithead (Microsoft), Sangwhan Moon (Odd Concepts) and Alex Russell (Google), who all begin 2-year terms on 1 February 2017. The number of nominees being equal to the number of available seats, the nominees were thereby elected. There remains one seat for appointment by the Director. Travis, Sangwhan and Alex join co-Chair Tim Berners-Lee and continuing participants David Baron (Mozilla Foundation), Andrew Betts (Financial Times / Nikkei), Daniel Appelquist (W3C Invited Expert; co-Chair) and Peter Linss (HP; co-Chair). Yves Lafon continues as staff contact. W3C thanks Mark Nottingham (Akamai) whose term ends at the end of January 2017, for his contributions.

The mission of the TAG is to build consensus around principles of Web architecture and to interpret and clarify these principles when necessary, to resolve issues involving general Web architecture brought to the TAG, and to help coordinate cross-technology architecture developments inside and outside W3C. Learn more about the TAG.

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Web Annotation Data Model and Vocabulary are W3C Candidate Recommendations

2016-12-15T19:46:21Z

The Web Annotation Working Group has published a Candidate Recommendation for two documents: Web Annotation Data Model: This specification describes a structured model and format, in JSON, to enable annotations to be shared and reused across different hardware and software platforms. Common use cases can be modeled in a manner that is simple and convenient, […]The Web Annotation Working Group has published a Candidate Recommendation for two documents: Web Annotation Data Model: This specification describes a structured model and format, in JSON, to enable annotations to be shared and reused across different hardware and software platforms. Common use cases can be modeled in a manner that is simple and convenient, while at the same time enabling more complex requirements, including linking arbitrary content to a particular data point or to segments of timed multimedia resources. Web Annotation Vocabulary: This specifies the set of RDF classes, predicates and named entities that are used by the Web Annotation Data Model. It also lists recommended terms from other ontologies that are used in the model, and provides the JSON-LD Context and profile definitions needed to use the Web Annotation JSON serialization in a Linked Data context. This is a re-publication, without substantial change, of the Candidate Recommendation published on the 6th of September. The only significant change (beyond minor editorial clarifications and editorial changes) is that some features that are not expected to receive enough implementations to fulfill the exit criteria, have been moved into an informative appendix. No new features have been added and no normative features have been changed. Candidate Recommendation means that the Working Group considers the technical design to be complete, and is seeking implementation feedbacks on the documents. There is a separate document how to use them and report on implementation results. The group is keen to get comments and implementation experiences on these specifications, either as issues on the Group’s GitHub repository or by posting to public-annotation@w3.org. The group expects to satisfy the implementation goals (i.e., at least two, independent implementation for each of the test cases) by December 30, 2016. [...]



First Public Working Draft: Pointer Lock 2.0

2016-12-15T19:46:13Z

The Web Platform Working Group has published a First Public Working Draft of Pointer Lock 2.0. This specification defines an API that provides scripted access to raw mouse movement data while locking the target of mouse events to a single element and removing the cursor from view. This is an essential input mode for certain […](image)

The Web Platform Working Group has published a First Public Working Draft of Pointer Lock 2.0. This specification defines an API that provides scripted access to raw mouse movement data while locking the target of mouse events to a single element and removing the cursor from view. This is an essential input mode for certain classes of applications, especially first person perspective 3D applications and 3D modeling software. The new version of the specification introduces a few Shadow DOM accommodating changes.

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W3C Invites Implementations of Page Visibility Level 2

2016-12-15T19:46:05Z

The Web Performance Working Group invites implementation of the Candidate Recommendation of Page Visibility Level 2. The Page Visibility API defines a means to programmatically determine the visibility state of a top level browsing context, and to be notified if the visibility state changes. This specification defines a means to programmatically determine the visibility state […](image)

The Web Performance Working Group invites implementation of the Candidate Recommendation of Page Visibility Level 2. The Page Visibility API defines a means to programmatically determine the visibility state of a top level browsing context, and to be notified if the visibility state changes. This specification defines a means to programmatically determine the visibility state of a document. This can aid in the development of resource efficient web applications.

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Media Source Extensions™ is a W3C Recommendation

2016-12-22T11:28:50Z

The HTML Media Extensions Working Group has published a W3C Recommendation for Media Source Extensions™. This specification fulfills a vital part of putting video on the Web by extending the HTML5 video capabilities and facilitating a variety of use cases like adaptive streaming, time shifting and video editing, as well as 360° video players. Flexible […](image)

(image) The HTML Media Extensions Working Group has published a W3C Recommendation for Media Source Extensions™. This specification fulfills a vital part of putting video on the Web by extending the HTML5 video capabilities and facilitating a variety of use cases like adaptive streaming, time shifting and video editing, as well as 360° video players. Flexible and powerful, Media Source Extensions™ provides commercial quality IP streaming video for Web applications, across different platforms and between unrelated companies, and is already deployed in major browsers and video services, such as Youtube.

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W3C invites implementations of ActivityPub

2016-12-13T20:17:54Z

The W3C Social Web Working Group is calling for implementations of ActivityPub, which is now a Candidate Recommendation. The ActivityPub protocol is a decentralized social networking protocol based upon the ActivityStreams 2.0 data format. It provides a client to server API for creating, updating and deleting content, as well as a federated server to server […](image)

The W3C Social Web Working Group is calling for implementations of ActivityPub, which is now a Candidate Recommendation. The ActivityPub protocol is a decentralized social networking protocol based upon the ActivityStreams 2.0 data format. It provides a client to server API for creating, updating and deleting content, as well as a federated server to server API for delivering notifications and subscribing to content. The protocol design iterates significantly on the earlier pump.io protocol, and implementors of pump.io clients and servers are particularly encouraged to update.

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W3C Workshop Report: Web & Virtual Reality

2016-12-08T14:37:07Z

W3C published today the report of the W3C Workshop on Web & Virtual Reality held on October 19-20 2016 in San Jose, California, USA. During the workshop, 120 participants representing browser vendors, headset and hardware manufacturers, VR content providers, designers and distributors analyzed the opportunities provided by making the Web a full-fledged platform for VR […](image)

W3C published today the report of the W3C Workshop on Web & Virtual Reality held on October 19-20 2016 in San Jose, California, USA. During the workshop, 120 participants representing browser vendors, headset and hardware manufacturers, VR content providers, designers and distributors analyzed the opportunities provided by making the Web a full-fledged platform for VR experiences.

They recognized the strong prospects already opened by existing and in-development Web APIs, in particular the WebVR API that was highlighted as an important target for near-term standardization, as well as the high priority of making the Web a primary platform for distributing 360° videos. They also identified new opportunities that would be brought by enabling traditional Web pages to be enhanceable as immersive spaces, and in the longer term, by making 3D content a basic brick available to Web developers and content aggregators.

You may read more in our media advisory.

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W3C Invites Implementations of Encoding

2016-12-08T14:36:49Z

The Internationalization Working Group has updated the Candidate Recommendation of Encoding. For new protocols and formats, as well as existing formats deployed in new contexts, this specification requires the utf-8 encoding. It also defines a limited set of other legacy encodings so that user agents can convert to and from utf-8 in a standardized and […](image)

The Internationalization Working Group has updated the Candidate Recommendation of Encoding. For new protocols and formats, as well as existing formats deployed in new contexts, this specification requires the utf-8 encoding. It also defines a limited set of other legacy encodings so that user agents can convert to and from utf-8 in a standardized and therefore interoperable way.

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