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Loading Dock Compliance Considerations with New OSHA Rule 29 CFR 1910.26

Tue, 09 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMT

In January 2017, a series of rules and regulations promulgated by the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) pertaining to walking-working surfaces and fall protection standards were enacted. The rule affects a wide range of workers, including warehouse workers. Specific to warehouse workers, new rules pertaining to loading dock equipment were enacted. The new rule specific to loading dock equipment is outlined in 29 CFR 1910,26, “Dockboards.” The new rules impose new requirements on employers who operate loading docks to either equip dockboards with run-off guards or to demonstrate that there is no hazard of transfer vehicles from running off the dockboard edge. This document summarizes how an employer could apply American National Standards pertaining to loading dock equipment to demonstrate that hazards pertaining to run-off are adequately addressed.

A Lesson in Standards and Physics Applied to Pallet Lifting

Tue, 15 Nov 2016 00:00:00 GMT

Small pallets create an opportunity for retailers, but they are not without their challenges, including safe load handling, for those in material handling. Half and quarter pallets present a challenge because they can only be moved with a single forklift tine, but physics and ANSI standards provide the answers to safe small pallet handling.

The effects of operator position, pallet orientation, and palletizing condition on low back loads in manual bag palletizing operations

Thu, 01 Oct 2015 00:00:00 GMT

Many mining commodities are packaged and shipped using bags. Small bags are typically loaded onto pallets for transport and require a significant amount of manual handling by workers. This specific task of manual bag handling has been associated with the development of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), especially low back disorders. This study evaluates the biomechanical demands of different work layouts when performing manual palletizing of small bags, and evaluates the biomechanical stresses associated with different stacking techniques. Results indicate that peak forward bending moments as well as spinal compression and shear forces are higher when the pallet is situated at the side of the conveyor as opposed to the end of the conveyor. At low levels of the pallet, controlled bag placement results in higher peak forward bending moments than stacking at higher levels and when dropping the bag to lower levels. The results of this study will be used to inform the development of an audit tool for bagging operations in the mining industry.

Ergonomic Solutions for Retailers

Mon, 01 Dec 2014 00:00:00 GMT

Designed for retailers and safety experts, this NIOSH booklet has a goal to prevent MMH (manual material handling) injuries in grocery stores. MMH injuries, also called overexertion injuries, account for 60% of the injuries and lost work in select retail businesses. This 23-page booklet has 13 unique illustrations showing employees in a grocery store using various mechanical assist devices. This booklet was inspired by the Ergonomic Guidelines for Manual Material Handling. 

Reduction of Spinal Loads Through Adjustable Interventions at the Origin and Destination of Palletizing Tasks

Tue, 07 Oct 2014 00:00:00 GMT

From Human Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. This article evaluates the effectiveness of two interventions: a self-leveling pallet carousel designed to position the loads vertically and horizontally at origin, and an adjustable cart designed to raise loads vertically at destination to reduce spine loads. Low back disorders among workers in manual material handling industries are very prevalent and have been linked to manual palletizing operations. Evidence into the effectiveness of ergonomic interventions is limited, with no research that investigates interventions with adjustable load location.

In Plant Trucks and Trailers Designed with Ergonomics in Mind

Tue, 27 May 2014 00:00:00 GMT

This presentation illustrates all the basics of good design for this industrial trucks and trailers.

Overview of the EASE Council

Fri, 09 May 2014 00:00:00 GMT

This presentation will describe the essential elements of Worker-Centric  Design —  psychology, management, operations engineering, ergonomics, and architecture — and how they work together to enhance productivity and shape worker experience.  The goal of ongoing research is to establish design principles for commercial facilities that lead to efficient, highly-productive and worker-centric places to work.

The Effects on MH Equipment Design with an Aging & Obese Workforce

Tue, 15 Apr 2014 00:00:00 GMT

The changes on the working population has an effect on how material handling equipment is designed. This presentation discussed what these changes should consider.

OSHA and Ergonomics: Trends for the Future

Thu, 20 Feb 2014 00:00:00 GMT

This presentation offers many detailed pointers on the how the workplace will be affected in the future. 

What You Always Wanted to Know About Vehicle Restraints

Mon, 22 Apr 2013 00:00:00 GMT

What You Always Wanted to Know About Vehicle Restraints But Were Afraid to Ask.

Threshold Limit Values (TLV) for Lifting

Sun, 10 Mar 2013 00:00:00 GMT

The American Conference of Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) offers this handy tool to evaluate limits for lifting and otherwise handling objects.

Designing a Worker Centric Facility

Fri, 04 Jan 2013 00:00:00 GMT

The goal of DC, warehouse and backroom design has long been to meet operational requirements at minimum cost. A natural consequence of this “bottom line” approach has been facilities and operations ill-suited to employee experience and well-being.

Checklist for the Prevention of Manual Handling Risks

Fri, 11 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Manual handling of loads (MHL) includes lifting, holding, putting down, pushing, pulling, carrying and moving a load. It is one of the major causes of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). These are impairments of the bodily structures such as muscles, joints, tendons, ligaments and nerves, or localised blood circulation systems that are caused or aggravated primarily by the performance of work and by the effects of the immediate environment where the work is carried out. MHL should be avoided as much as possible, but sometimes it is impossible to avoid entirely in the workplace.  It is then the responsibility of management to minimise the risks.  This checklist includes questions related to all aspects of manual handling and offers examples of preventive measures that can help to improve handling and therefore reduce risks. The preventive measures follow the general principles of prevention in the Council Directive concerning health and safety at work (89/391/EEC).

Checklist for MMH Us Units

Fri, 11 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Easy to read graphics for lifting limits for women and men. 

Ergonomics Awareness Worksheet

Fri, 11 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

The purpose of the worksheet is to increase basic awareness of potential problems associated with jobs and tasks.  This awareness can help provide clues on how to make effective improvements.

Ergonomic - Best Work Zones

Fri, 11 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Performing work within the best and preferred work zones shown below facilitates productivity and comfort.  Work is safest when lifting and reaching is performed in these zones.  Working outside these work zones results in non-neutral postures that may increase the risk of injury.  It is particularly important to perform heavy lifting tasks within the best work zone.

Ergonomic Checklist for Material Handling

Fri, 11 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

The checklist presented below is from the book Kodak's Ergonomic Design for People at Work.  It helps users to identify any job risk factors that my be present in the job.  This checklist is applicable to jobs requiring the routine handling of objects of 10 pounds or more.

Ergonomic Motion Classifications

Fri, 11 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

This simple chart helps identify ways to move materials for the advantage of the worker.

Ergonomic Principles for Manual Handling Tasks

Fri, 11 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

This handy one page document is an excellent primer to appreciate the basics of good ergonomics and what problems to look for.

Factors Impacting MMH

Fri, 11 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

The ratio of task demands to worker capacity during manual materials handling influences the occurrence of potential undesirable effects such as fatigue, discomfort, injury, productivity & quality.

Factors Important to the Specs of MMH Aids

Fri, 11 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

This checklist offers some handy advice abut how various tasks result in fatigue, discomfort, injury, quality and performance in the workplace.

The Ideal Equipment Selection Process

Fri, 11 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

Manual materials handling (MMH) related injuries (especially musculoskeletal disorders and strains / sprains) continue to plague the Retail, Wholesale, and Warehousing (RWW) industries costing companies millions of dollars per year in workers compensation and process inefficiencies. With rising health care costs, an aging population, and obesity trend, such costs are projected to only increase in the years to come. Despite such a problem, most companies in the RWW sector have yet to change their MMH processes to reduce MSD risk and improve process efficiency. 

Lifting Limit Calculator

Fri, 11 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT


Push Force Graphic

Fri, 11 May 2012 00:00:00 GMT

This handy illustrated graphic shows how mobile devices should be designed.

Ergonomic Guidelines for Retail Grocery Stores

Wed, 07 Dec 2011 00:00:00 GMT

OSHA’s Ergonomics for the Prevention of Musculoskeletal Disorders: Guidelines for Retail Grocery Stores provide practical recommendations to help grocery store employers and employees reduce the number and severity of injuries in their workplaces.

Compendium of Basic Information and Standards for Hoists

Mon, 17 Oct 2011 00:00:00 GMT

This HMI web page has been developed by member companies of the Hoist Manufacturers Institute (“HMI”), a trade association of Hoist Manufacturers, to familiarize potential hoist purchasers and users with the many different types of material handling hoists, hoist terminology, and hoist standards, as applicable in the United States, and in various countries and regions of the world.

Safety Label Brochure for Industrial Scissors Lifts & Tilters

Tue, 31 Aug 2010 00:00:00 GMT

Safety is a prime consideration in the design, manufacture, installation, use and maintenance of industrial scissors lifts and tilt tables. This brochure, prepared by Lift Manufacturers (LIFT), has been created as a service to users, designers, and specifiers of industrial scissors lifts and tilt tables. The purpose of this publication is to provide guidelines for the selection and application for safety labels for use on lifts and tilt tables. Included in the brochure are full color references to 13 Danger or Warning labels specifically designed to comply with ANSI standards Z535 series and ANSI MH29.1 Safety Requirements for Industrial Scissors Lifts and Tilt Tables. Any questions about the brochure, please contact the Lift Manufactures Product Section Group at 704-676-1190.


Mon, 18 Jan 2010 00:00:00 GMT

WHAT YOU ALWAYS WANTED TO KNOW ABOUT DOCK LEVELERS BUT WERE AFRAID TO ASK - A basic primer which answers the most frequently asked questions from entities considering the purchase of a dock leveling device.

A Guide to Industrial Scissor Lifts and Tilters

Fri, 08 Jan 2010 00:00:00 GMT

This document is designed to help individuals, end users, and specifiers in identifying a proper industrial scissor lift for their application.

Testing Guidelines For Pallet Stacking Frames

Fri, 01 Jan 2010 00:00:00 GMT

Developed and published by the Rack Manufactures Institute as a guide to manufacturers and users of pallets stacking frames, this two page brochure begins with a preface explaining its purpose, followed by the definition of pallet stacking frames. The background, or why the design was developed, is next, followed by a description of the test used to determine the standard. The test procedure is discussed and explained. Text concludes with the result of the test.