Subscribe: The Copyright Cog
Added By: Feedage Forager Feedage Grade C rated
Language: English
commons licences  commons  creative commons  digital  institutions  ipr  jisc  licences  project  report  repositories  rights  session 
Rate this Feed
Rate this feedRate this feedRate this feedRate this feedRate this feed
Rate this feed 1 starRate this feed 2 starRate this feed 3 starRate this feed 4 starRate this feed 5 star

Comments (0)

Feed Details and Statistics Feed Statistics
Preview: The Copyright Cog

The Copyright Cog

Updated: 2014-10-02T21:00:38.434-07:00


JISC Digital Repositories Conference: Dealing with the Digital Deluge


JISC Digital Repositories Conference: Dealing with the Digital DelugeOn the 5-6th June, 2007, I gave a couple of small presentations at the JISC Digital Repositories, end-of-programme Confere,ce. Overall the conference was stimulating and provided much information to take away and think about.In addition to the four plenary sessions there were seven different strands spanning repositories and preservation, research data, e-theses, Images, Sharing digital material for e-learning, research papers. I spent most of the conference in the 'Repositories in a legal context' strand session, which I will now report on.Day OneLegal lessons learnedThe aim of the session was for projects to report on the main lessons that we had learned throughout the project lifetime. I spoke about our Rights and Rewards Project.In short our lessons learned in relation to IPR were;•We should not assume that stakeholders of repositories know about copyright issues (depositors, end users & senior managers) – we need to tell them!• Not everyone is willing to share their teaching materials externally - licences may be required for internal sharing.• Avoiding complex workflows associated in assigning licences to materials reduces barriers.• Despite the number of identified barriers - many have altruistic views with regards to the sharing of teaching materials.• Cultural barriers are very difficult to overcome.Unfortunately I had to leave the session at this point to speak at the Sharing digital material for e-learning session, so I missed the other speakers. John Casey (Trust Dr), Mike Dodds (Jorum) and Michael Ross (CHERRI) gave their accounts.The second session which I attended was names User Requirements into IPR.The session started with an presentation from Charles Duncan who spoke about the Intrallect Six Stage Model;Recognition of rightsRecognising the rights that we want to express. Some people may be unsure as to what they want others to do with their materials. Assertion of rights Asserting rights in relation to the shared works.Expression of rights Legal framework - copyright is automatic. A variety of licencesDissemination of rights Statements, DREL.Exposure of rights Dissemination, searchable and making licecne information available in repositories.Enforcement of rights Taking protective measures and authenitcation/authorisationInterestingly, Charles also mentioned recognising rights andthat common or familiar licences are a good way in which people can familairise themselves with licences. Creative Commons are a good example of this.John Casey also spoke about the six stage model but in relation to the TrustDR project that John is involved with. John outlined that Digital Rights Management is not just a technical problem. John borke this down into three different areas;Digital: Technology and UseRights: Legal and SocialManagement: Policy and CultureJohn went to to talk about the Trust DR development pack which is currently being produced. This is something to look out for as it will inform those implementing repositories within institution all they need to know about IPR. This should be available in September 2007.Charles Oppenheim finished the session with an overview of the newly funded two-year JISC Licence Registry Project. They are in the early stages and currently organising a number of focus groups to inform the design of the registry. Please contact if you would like to participate. They are being held in June & July 2007 in London and Manchester.The project aims to design, implement and evaluate a licence registry containing a vareity of licence agreements suitable for different data types. Rightscom ( is working in collaboration with Loughborough Universtiy in this project.The final session of the day focused on international developments saw three great presentations. Rachel Bruce kicked the session off with developments relating to the joint work between JISC and Surf. The 2003 JISC/SURF Partnering on Copyright Project created a Copyright Toolbox which is soon to be house[...]

HEFCE IPR in E-Learning report 2006/20 - Will it have an impact?


The Higher Education Funding Council for England have published a report on IPR in e-learning programmes aimed at senior managers within HE and FE. The report focuses on HEI ownership rights and the importance of making staff, students and third parties aware of their rights whilst being respectful to such groups. It highlights many common situations that can occur amongst these stakeholders and ways around such situations and ways of reducing the risk of disputes occurring between such parties.

Despite the report being informative and useful for institutions, it is unclear whether the recommendations of the report will be implemented within an institutional environment. In the past, the majority of senior managers have been uninterested in IPR and it is unknown whether the report will get digested and have an impact within institutions.

The report highlights a number of legal frameworks and the relationships of institutions, employed staff, students and collaborative third parties. For a long time now a set of clear guidelines for staff, students, other institutions and third parties has been needed to ensure that each stakeholder is aware of the IPR issues and legal situation. The report states that "Every HEI needs to establish a clear, preferably plain English, IPR policy and disseminate it widely across the organisation, including IT guidelines and codes of practice for staff and students" and I agree. This is becoming increasingly important due to the increase in e-learning usage and the increased need to share research and teaching material through systems such as Institutional Repositories and social networking/software sites.

The report also highlights the assistance that is available to institutions in order to combat the problem of rights unawareness and in order to distinguish a clear and plain english IPR policy, including JISC Legal. I'm not convinced whether institutions make use of this support or whether they follow some of the recommendations highlighted in the document. It could be another case where important issues get brushed under the carpet and don't get dealt with because of the lack of knowledge. This report aims to bridge the unawareness gap and to educate managers and other staff about a range of rights issues.

The full report can be found at: and is 81 pages long, however, the first 31 pages is the written report and the latter 50 is in Annex's of model licence agreements that could be used within institutions.

The popularity and truths of Creative Commons Licences


There has been much talk in recent years about the use of Creative Commons licences, their suitability for use and their pros and cons.

Korn and Oppenheim (2006) explore the these licences and the consideration of using such licences for their works or within an institutional setting. They state that such licences are " driven by those who believe in free and open exchange of digital content"

The full article can be found at: and is well worth a read.

From researching into Creative Commons licences , some key points have been discovered;

- They cannot be used in a restrictive environment and therefore promote Open Access. I.e. they could used within an Institutional Repository that restricted access to items.
- They cannot be modified in anyway and then be used with a work.
- The majority of the Creative Commons licences require derivative works (works that are modified) to be distributed under an exact licence that the original work was published.
- They cater for many different countries, and use the relevent jurisdictions for each.

Creative Commons licences are being more widely used and recognised by a variety of people throughout the world of HE and FE and it looks likely that this will continue.

Welcome to the Copyright Cog!


Welcome to the Copyright Cog - keeping you up to date with copyright issues related to digital repositories in Higher and Further Education.

Links to articles, websites and information surrounding copyright and related issues will be posted. Thoughts, opinions and interests will also appear here!