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pubmed: Kovanen PT[Author]



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Effects of orlistat on blood pressure: a systematic review and meta-analysis of 27 randomized controlled clinical trials.
Related Articles

Effects of orlistat on blood pressure: a systematic review and meta-analysis of 27 randomized controlled clinical trials.

J Am Soc Hypertens. 2017 Dec 14;:

Authors: Sahebkar A, Simental-Mendía LE, Kovanen PT, Pedone C, Simental-Mendía M, Cicero AFG

Abstract
Obesity and high blood pressure (BP) are strongly related and weight loss is mightily associated with a significant BP decrease. The aim of the present meta-analysis was to evaluate and quantify the BP decrease associated with orlistat use in randomized controlled trials. The search included PubMed-Medline, Scopus, Web of Science and Google Scholar databases by up to June 05, 2017, to identify randomized controlled trials investigating the impact of orlistat on blood pressure. Quantitative data synthesis was performed using a random-effects model, with weighed mean difference and 95% confidence interval as summary statistics. Meta-regression and leave-one-out sensitivity analyses were performed to assess the modifiers of treatment response. Our meta-analysis included 27 randomized controlled clinical trials which comprehended overall 8150 subjects (4419 in the orlistat group and 3731 in the control one). We observed a statistically significant decreasing effect of orlistat on both systolic BP (-1.15 mmHg [-2.11, -0.19]) and diastolic BP (-1.07 mmHg [-1.69, -0.45]), regardless of its dosage. Significant associations were found between changes in systolic BP and diastolic BP with treatment duration but not with corresponding baseline BP values. In conclusion, Orlistat use contributes weight loss associated decrease in BP in overweight and obese subjects.

PMID: 29275922 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]