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Last Build Date: Tue, 21 Nov 2017 23:20:10 GMT

Copyright: Copyright 2017 The New York Times Company
 



Six Years After Fukushima, Robots Finally Find Reactors’ Melted Uranium Fuel

Sun, 19 Nov 2017 12:02:07 GMT

Daisuke Hirose, a Tepco spokesman, inside the Unit 5 reactor at the Fukushima nuclear power plant. Tepco used underwater robots that finally found the melted uranium fuel inside Unit 3, another reactor that was destroyed.The Japanese government and companies used radiation-hardened machines to search for the fuel that escaped the plant’s ruined reactors.


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ScienceTake: Tricky Cockatoos Match Shapes Better Than Primates

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 08:30:21 GMT

Goffin’s cockatoos, known for their inventiveness, showed a great talent for fitting even complicated shapes into matching holes.



A Helping of Science With Your Thanksgiving Dinner

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 18:53:39 GMT

Biology. Chemistry. Physics. It’s all there on your plate. Take a moment to appreciate it before you dig in.


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Trilobites: The Scuba Diving Flies of California’s Mono Lake

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 18:16:30 GMT

Alkali flies of salty Mono Lake in California have hairier, waxier bodies than other insects, which helps them dive underwater in a protective bubble.For most insects, water is a death trap. These alkali flies cover themselves with a bubble of air to dip into a salty lake.


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Trilobites: Rock Carvings of Ancient Dogs Getting Taught New Tricks

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 13:32:34 GMT

A prehistoric scene, enhanced with digital tracings, top, is etched into rock in the Saudi desert showing what may be the earliest depictions of human-dog companionship. The engravings are 8,000 to 9,000 years old.Engravings in the Saudi desert may be the earliest depictions of human-canine companionship.


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A Close-Up on Mysteries Made of Stone in Saudi Arabia’s Desert

Sat, 18 Nov 2017 05:55:17 GMT

A group of 19 "keyholes" at Al Wadi, in the Saudi Arabian desert, observed by archaeologist David Kennedy from a helicopter. Dr. Kennedy took more than 6,000 aerial photographs of these mysterious, ancient structures.Structures that may have been created by ancient tribes could only be studied using Google Earth. Saudi officials finally invited an archaeologist to observe them via helicopter.


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Trilobites: A Population of Billions May Have Contributed to This Bird’s Extinction

Thu, 16 Nov 2017 19:31:25 GMT

Passenger pigeons were once so plentiful in North America that flocks blotted out the sun. They went extinct in the early 20th century, victims in part of extremely efficient natural selection, according to a new study.A new study suggests passenger pigeons were hyper-adapted to living in a large, stable population, leaving them unable to cope when humans hunted them en masse.


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Matter: ‘Gene Drives’ Are Too Risky for Field Trials, Scientists Say

Fri, 17 Nov 2017 00:32:35 GMT

The short-tailed weasel, or stoat, decimated native bird populations after it was introduced to New Zealand. Altering the genes of invasive animals might save threatened species, scientists said, but could also have devastating consequences.New research casts doubt on a gene-editing strategy that scientists had hoped to use against invasive species and epidemic diseases.


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A Nearby Earth-Size Planet May Have Conditions for Life

Thu, 16 Nov 2017 01:32:45 GMT

An artist’s impression of a newly discovered planet and its red dwarf star, Ross 128. The planet, 11 light-years away, is roughly the size of Earth but closer to Ross 128 than our planet, or even Mercury, is to our sun.Astronomers have found a planet circling Ross 128, a quiet red star in our own galactic neighborhood.


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Russia, in Reversal, Confirms Radiation Spike

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 19:51:56 GMT

A map provided by the French Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety showed levels of ruthenium 106 across Europe.The state weather service in Moscow acknowledged “extremely high pollution” in a region close to a sprawling Soviet-era nuclear plant.


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Cockatoos Rival Children in Shape Recognition

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 08:30:19 GMT

Cockatoos prove adept at shape manipulation, outperforming most animals and even toddlers.



Wake Up and Smell the Traffic? London Tries Coffee to Power Buses

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 04:57:13 GMT

The first batch of coffee-based oil added to the fuel for London’s buses would be enough to run one of the vehicles for about a year.In an effort to curb toxic diesel fumes, oil from used grounds has been added to the fuel for the British capital’s iconic red double-deckers.


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New Gene Treatment Effective for Some Leukemia Patients

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 22:32:43 GMT

A color-enhanced image of a disease-fighting T-cell, reddish, attacking a leukemia cell. A new experimental treatment that genetically engineers a patient’s T-cells to better target and fight cancer cells shows promise.By genetically altering a patient’s T-cells to attack more than one site on cancer cells, researchers hope to devise better treatments.


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Skin Cancers Rise, Along With Questionable Treatments

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 06:24:51 GMT

John Dalman was told he would need surgery on at least a half-dozen nonlethal cancerous lesions, as well as radiation for several weeks.Dermatology is booming, with private equity investments and an influx of physician assistants doing the work of doctors. Are patients being well served?


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Retro Report: Questioning Evolution: The Push to Change Science Class

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 01:19:48 GMT

Legislation and lawsuits that reject scientific consensus on issues like evolution and climate change are changing the way science is taught in some schools.



News Analysis: At Bonn Climate Talks, Stakes Get Higher in Gamble on Planet’s Future

Sat, 18 Nov 2017 14:33:10 GMT

Leaders from the United Nations, France, Fiji and Germany at the climate change conference in Bonn, Germany.This year’s United Nations climate talks have wrapped up, and there were few signs that countries are inclined to take urgent action.


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What Happened (and Didn’t) at the Bonn Climate Talks

Mon, 20 Nov 2017 17:09:54 GMT

President Frank-Walter Steinmeier of Germany, left, with Timothy Naulusala, 12, and Prime Minister Frank Bainimarama, both of Fiji.The 23rd United Nations climate talks ended early Saturday, kicking most big issues down the road until 2018.


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Treaty to Phase Out ‘Greenhouse Gases on Steroids’ to Enter Force

Sat, 18 Nov 2017 14:53:18 GMT

Supporters of the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol celebrated its adoption in October 2016.A global treaty to eliminate hydrofluorocarbons, a category of extremely potent planet-warming gases, has cleared a key threshold and will enter into force.


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Q&A: The Chemical Reaction That Cleans Everything

Fri, 17 Nov 2017 20:55:11 GMT

Bleach may be common, but the molecular dance that makes it work is an intricate wonder.


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Trilobites: Same Oceans, Similar Prey, Two Very Different Necks

Fri, 17 Nov 2017 19:22:24 GMT

Though Magellanic penguins, left, and Imperial cormorants both hunt fish, biologists were stumped as to why they evolved to have such different necks.Biologists studied cormorants and penguins that hunt fish in frigid seas and found that cormorants save energy by only moving their necks when seizing prey.


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Trilobites: How Snapdragons Beckon Bees With More Than One Color

Tue, 21 Nov 2017 15:59:04 GMT

Bees follow colored patterns on snapdragon flowers to find the nectar.Subspecies of the flowers share most of their genes, but differ in a handful that lead to some being yellow on magenta and others being magenta on yellow.


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Island Nations, With No Time to Lose, Take Climate Response Into Their Own Hands

Fri, 17 Nov 2017 19:02:21 GMT

A backlit photo at the United Nations climate talks in Bonn, Germany. The official host of the conference is Fiji.Island states that are least responsible for global emissions but most vulnerable to storms and rising seas are looking outside the United Nations process for aid.


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Science Is Dry, Obscure, Complex? Well, It Makes for Great Comedy

Fri, 17 Nov 2017 15:49:29 GMT

At a live taping of the podcast “You’re the Expert” this month, from left, Jackie Faherty, Chris Duffy, Aparna Nancherla, Zhubin Parang and Ashley Brooke Roberts.In podcasts and live shows, comedians are extracting the funny from astronomy, climate change and even the physics behind urinal cakes.


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Modern Love: 17 Million Frozen Sperm Await the Perfect Moment

Fri, 17 Nov 2017 05:00:01 GMT

A woman trying to get pregnant on her own finds connection and hope during a total solar eclipse.


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F.D.A. Speeds Review of Gene Therapies, Vowing to Target Rogue Clinics

Fri, 17 Nov 2017 00:35:19 GMT

Scott Gottlieb, the commissioner of the Food and Drug Administration, at a Senate hearing earlier this year. The F.D.A. issued new guidelines that will expedite treatments involving human cells and tissues.The agency plans to speed approval of treatments to get them to the market faster, signaling the quickened pace of advancements in this field.


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Keystone Pipeline Leaks 210,000 Gallons of Oil in South Dakota

Fri, 17 Nov 2017 01:38:56 GMT

The spill in South Dakota comes just days before Nebraska regulators will decide on a permit needed for the proposed Keystone XL pipeline



Downing North Korean Missiles Is Hard. So the U.S. Is Experimenting.

Thu, 16 Nov 2017 22:34:27 GMT

A long-range ground-based interceptor missile test at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California. These missiles, designed to strike incoming nuclear weapons, are not foolproof, so the Defense Department is looking to other approaches like cyberattacks and drone strikes.Buried in an emergency funding request to Congress lie hints of new ways to confront Pyongyang, like cyberweapons and armed drones.


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A More Conciliatory Tone on Climate from the U.S. at Global Talks

Thu, 16 Nov 2017 20:25:45 GMT

The United States offered a seemingly contradictory message at the United Nations climate conference in Bonn, promising to engage in further talks while also vowing to exit the Paris accord.In a brief address at the United Nations climate conference in Bonn, a State Department official mentions climate change and not coal, drawing (polite) applause.


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New Quay Journal: A Cliff-Edge Town Visited by Poets, Dolphins — and Octopuses

Fri, 17 Nov 2017 13:00:31 GMT

Rowhouses overlooking Cardigan Bay in New Quay, Wales.Octopuses and giant barrel jellyfish come and go in a town where Wales’s best-known alcoholic drank. The dolphins seem to be staying, so far.


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U.N. Climate Projects, Aimed at the Poorest, Raise Red Flags

Thu, 16 Nov 2017 16:22:07 GMT

Tidal flooding on South Tarawa, one of the atolls that makes up Kiribati.The Green Climate Fund was meant to help developing countries tackle climate change, but many of the most vulnerable nations have not seen any grants.


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Trilobites: Chimps Tailor Alarms to What Other Chimps Know

Wed, 15 Nov 2017 23:53:06 GMT

Experiments show that the animals change their communications depending on how much their audience knows.



At U.N. Climate Conference, Treading Lightly Around the Americans

Wed, 15 Nov 2017 20:08:16 GMT

President Emmanuel Macron of France and Chancellor Angela Merkel of Germany at the United Nations climate change conference in Bonn, Germany, on Wednesday.Delegates at climate talks in Bonn are keeping their opinions to themselves about President Trump’s vow to withdraw from the Paris climate accord.


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How to Lower Your Blood Pressure

Thu, 16 Nov 2017 21:17:49 GMT

A patient gets her blood pressure checked in Vermont. New guidelines released by the American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology lower the threshold for high blood pressure.Medical guidelines have changed, and now about half of Americans may qualify for the diagnosis of hypertension. Here’s what to do about it.


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A Radioactive Cloud Wafts Over Europe, With Russia as Chief Suspect

Wed, 15 Nov 2017 14:02:01 GMT

A map showing levels of ruthenium 106, provided by the French Institute for Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety. Many experts say they suspect Russia to be the origin of the substance’s release.High levels of a substance called ruthenium 106 detected over the Continent have prompted concern about a possible cover-up by Moscow.


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Why China Wants to Lead on Climate, but Clings to Coal (for Now)

Wed, 15 Nov 2017 01:40:05 GMT

Above, workers at a coal mine in Datong, China. The country’s carbon emissions are forecast to rise this year.Emissions are rising in China. Still, it’s on track to meet the commitments it made under the Paris climate accord.


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Study Finds Competing Opioid Treatments Have Similar Outcomes

Wed, 15 Nov 2017 13:24:11 GMT

Left, a dose of Vivitrol before being administered. Right, a pharmacist filling a prescription for Suboxone.The manufacturers of the two drugs to treat opioid addiction are competing fiercely for market share and drawing scrutiny from lawmakers and prosecutors.


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