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Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. E

Recent articles in Physical Review E

Published: 2017-10-18T00:02:49+00:00


Phase transitions in systems with aggregation and shattering


Author(s): P. L. Krapivsky, W. Otieno, and N. V. Brilliantov

This paper presents a model of aggregation in which collisions between the particles and clusters can lead to shattering of the clusters with a certain probability. The authors obtain the phase diagram of this process, observe a phase transition depending on the shattering probability, and show how, in one of the regimes, the initial conditions of the system crucially affect its evolution.

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042138] Published Tue Oct 17, 2017

Stochastic maps, continuous approximation, and stable distribution


Author(s): David A. Kessler and Stanislav Burov

A continuous approximation framework for general nonlinear stochastic as well as deterministic discrete maps is developed. For the stochastic map with uncorelated Gaussian noise, by successively applying the Itô lemma, we obtain a Langevin type of equation. Specifically, we show how nonlinear maps g...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042139] Published Tue Oct 17, 2017

Quantum fidelity approach to the ground-state properties of the one-dimensional axial next-nearest-neighbor Ising model in a transverse field


Author(s): O. F. de Alcantara Bonfim, B. Boechat, and J. Florencio

In this work we analyze the ground-state properties of the $s=1/2$ one-dimensional axial next-nearest-neighbor Ising model in a transverse field using the quantum fidelity approach. We numerically determined the fidelity susceptibility as a function of the transverse field ${B}_{x}$ and the strength...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042140] Published Tue Oct 17, 2017

Noise-induced drift in two-dimensional anisotropic systems


Author(s): Oded Farago

We study the isothermal Brownian dynamics of a particle in a system with spatially varying diffusivity. Due to the heterogeneity of the system, the particle's mean displacement does not vanish even if it does not experience any physical force. This phenomenon has been termed “noise-induced drift,” a...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042141] Published Tue Oct 17, 2017

Multiscale permutation entropy analysis of laser beam wandering in isotropic turbulence


Author(s): Felipe Olivares, Luciano Zunino, Damián Gulich, Darío G. Pérez, and Osvaldo A. Rosso

We have experimentally quantified the temporal structural diversity from the coordinate fluctuations of a laser beam propagating through isotropic optical turbulence. The main focus here is on the characterization of the long-range correlations in the wandering of a thin Gaussian laser beam over a s...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042207] Published Tue Oct 17, 2017

Synchronization scenarios in the Winfree model of coupled oscillators


Author(s): Rafael Gallego, Ernest Montbrió, and Diego Pazó

Fifty years ago Arthur Winfree proposed a deeply influential mean-field model for the collective synchronization of large populations of phase oscillators. Here we provide a detailed analysis of the model for some special, analytically tractable cases. Adopting the thermodynamic limit, we derive an ...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042208] Published Tue Oct 17, 2017

Mapping and discrimination of networks in the complexity-entropy plane


Author(s): Marc Wiedermann, Jonathan F. Donges, Jürgen Kurths, and Reik V. Donner

Complex networks are usually characterized in terms of their topological, spatial, or information-theoretic properties and combinations of the associated metrics are used to discriminate networks into different classes or categories. However, even with the present variety of characteristics at hand ...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042304] Published Tue Oct 17, 2017

Irreversible thermodynamics of curved lipid membranes


Author(s): Amaresh Sahu, Roger A. Sauer, and Kranthi K. Mandadapu

The theory of irreversible thermodynamics for arbitrarily curved lipid membranes is presented here. The coupling between elastic bending and irreversible processes such as intramembrane lipid flow, intramembrane phase transitions, and protein binding and diffusion is studied. The forms of the entrop...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042409] Published Tue Oct 17, 2017

Ordering kinetics in the random-bond $XY$ model


Author(s): M. Kumar, S. Chatterjee, R. Paul, and S. Puri

We present a comprehensive Monte Carlo study of domain growth in the random-bond $XY$ model with nonconserved kinetics. The presence of quenched disorder slows down domain growth in $d=2,3$. In $d=2$, we observe power-law growth with a disorder-dependent exponent on the time scales of our simulation...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042127] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

Local-stability analysis of a low-dissipation heat engine working at maximum power output


Author(s): I. Reyes-Ramírez, J. Gonzalez-Ayala, A. Calvo Hernández, and M. Santillán

In this paper we address the stability of a low-dissipation (LD) heat engine (HE) under maximum power conditions. The LD system dynamics are analyzed in terms of the contact times between the engine and the external heat reservoirs, which determine the amount of heat exchanged by the system. We stud...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042128] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

Stochastic thermodynamics of interacting degrees of freedom: Fluctuation theorems for detached path probabilities


Author(s): Jannik Ehrich and Andreas Engel

Systems with interacting degrees of freedom play a prominent role in stochastic thermodynamics. Our aim is to use the concept of detached path probabilities and detached entropy production for bipartite Markov processes and elaborate on a series of special cases including measurement-feedback system...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042129] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

Stochastic efficiency of an isothermal work-to-work converter engine


Author(s): Deepak Gupta and Sanjib Sabhapandit

We investigate the efficiency of an isothermal Brownian work-to-work converter engine, composed of a Brownian particle coupled to a heat bath at a constant temperature. The system is maintained out of equilibrium by using two external time-dependent stochastic Gaussian forces, where one is called lo...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042130] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

Finite-size effects in canonical and grand-canonical quantum Monte Carlo simulations for fermions


Author(s): Zhenjiu Wang, Fakher F. Assaad, and Francesco Parisen Toldin

We introduce a quantum Monte Carlo method at finite temperature for interacting fermionic models in the canonical ensemble, where the conservation of the particle number is enforced. Although general thermodynamic arguments ensure the equivalence of the canonical and the grand-canonical ensembles in...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042131] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

Space-time-modulated stochastic processes


Author(s): Massimiliano Giona

Starting from the physical problem associated with the Lorentzian transformation of a Poisson-Kac process in inertial frames, the concept of space-time-modulated stochastic processes is introduced for processes possessing finite propagation velocity. This class of stochastic processes provides a two...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042132] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

Relativistic analysis of stochastic kinematics


Author(s): Massimiliano Giona

The relativistic analysis of stochastic kinematics is developed in order to determine the transformation of the effective diffusivity tensor in inertial frames. Poisson-Kac stochastic processes are initially considered. For one-dimensional spatial models, the effective diffusion coefficient measured...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042133] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

Environmental rocking ratchet: Environmental rectification by a harmonically driven avoided crossing


Author(s): P. Nalbach, N. Klinkenberg, T. Palm, and N. Müller

We propose a rocking ratchet designed as a symmetric quantum two-state system driven by a single periodic harmonic force and influenced symmetrically by thermal fluctuations. We show that the necessary broken symmetry can dynamically be achieved by a thermal environment that couples to the energy di...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042134] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

Inverse problem for multispecies ferromagneticlike mean-field models in phase space with many states


Author(s): Micaela Fedele and Cecilia Vernia

In this paper we solve the inverse problem for the Curie-Weiss model and its multispecies version when multiple thermodynamic states are present as in the low temperature phase where the phase space is clustered. The inverse problem consists of reconstructing the model parameters starting from confi...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042135] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

Strong diffusion formulation of Markov chain ensembles and its optimal weaker reductions


Author(s): Marifi Güler

Two self-contained diffusion formulations, in the form of coupled stochastic differential equations, are developed for the temporal evolution of state densities over an ensemble of Markov chains evolving independently under a common transition rate matrix. Our first formulation derives from Kurtz's ...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042136] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

Classifying Potts critical lines


Author(s): Gesualdo Delfino and Elena Tartaglia

We use scale invariant scattering theory to exactly determine the lines of renormalization group fixed points invariant under the permutational symmetry ${S}_{q}$ in two dimensions, and we show how one of these scattering solutions describes the ferromagnetic and square lattice antiferromagnetic cri...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042137] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

Semiclassical catastrophe theory of simple bifurcations


Author(s): A. G. Magner and K. Arita

The Fedoriuk-Maslov catastrophe theory of caustics and turning points is extended to solve the bifurcation problems by the improved stationary phase method (ISPM). The trace formulas for the radial power-law (RPL) potentials are presented by the ISPM based on the second- and third-order expansion of...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042206] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

Spectral estimation of the percolation transition in clustered networks


Author(s): Pan Zhang

There have been several spectral bounds for the percolation transition in networks, using spectrum of matrices associated with the network such as the adjacency matrix and the nonbacktracking matrix. However, they are far from being tight when the network is sparse and displays clustering or transit...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042303] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

Elucidating fluctuating diffusivity in center-of-mass motion of polymer models with time-averaged mean-square-displacement tensor


Author(s): Tomoshige Miyaguchi

There have been increasing reports that the diffusion coefficient of macromolecules depends on time and fluctuates randomly. Here a method is developed to elucidate this fluctuating diffusivity from trajectory data. Time-averaged mean-square displacement (MSD), a common tool in single-particle-track...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042501] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

Force fluctuations on a wall in interaction with a granular lid-driven cavity flow


Author(s): François Kneib, Thierry Faug, Gilles Nicolet, Nicolas Eckert, Mohamed Naaim, and Frédéric Dufour

The force fluctuations experienced by a boundary wall subjected to a lid-driven cavity flow are investigated by means of numerical simulations based on the discrete-element method. The time-averaged dynamics inside the cavity volume and the resulting steady force on the wall are governed by the boun...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042906] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

Broadening of cyclotron resonance conditions in the relativistic interaction of an intense laser with overdense plasmas


Author(s): Takayoshi Sano, Yuki Tanaka, Natsumi Iwata, Masayasu Hata, Kunioki Mima, Masakatsu Murakami, and Yasuhiko Sentoku

The interaction of dense plasmas with an intense laser under a strong external magnetic field has been investigated. When the cyclotron frequency for the ambient magnetic field is higher than the laser frequency, the laser's electromagnetic field is converted to the whistler mode that propagates alo...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 043209] Published Mon Oct 16, 2017

Similarity of ensembles of trajectories of reversible and irreversible growth processes


Author(s): Katherine Klymko, Juan P. Garrahan, and Stephen Whitelam

Models of bacterial growth tend to be “irreversible,” allowing for the number of bacteria in a colony to increase but not to decrease. By contrast, models of molecular self-assembly are usually “reversible,” allowing for the addition and removal of particles to a structure. Such processes differ in ...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042126] Published Fri Oct 13, 2017

Synchronized rotation in swarms of magnetotactic bacteria


Author(s): M. Belovs, R. Livanovičs, and A. Cēbers

Self-organizing behavior has been widely reported in both natural and artificial systems, typically distinguishing between temporal organization (synchronization) and spatial organization (swarming). Swarming has been experimentally observed in systems of magnetotactic bacteria under the action of e...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042408] Published Fri Oct 13, 2017

Glassy swirls of active dumbbells


Author(s): Rituparno Mandal, Pranab Jyoti Bhuyan, Pinaki Chaudhuri, Madan Rao, and Chandan Dasgupta

Is an active glass different from a conventional passive glass? To address this, we study the dynamics of a dense binary mixture of soft dumbbells, each subject to an active propulsion force and thermal fluctuations. This dense assembly shows dynamical arrest, first to a translational and then to a ...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042605] Published Fri Oct 13, 2017

Compliant contact versus rigid contact: A comparison in the context of granular dynamics


Author(s): Arman Pazouki, Michał Kwarta, Kyle Williams, William Likos, Radu Serban, Paramsothy Jayakumar, and Dan Negrut

We summarize and numerically compare two approaches for modeling and simulating the dynamics of dry granular matter. The first one, the discrete-element method via penalty (DEM-P), is commonly used in the soft matter physics and geomechanics communities; it can be traced back to the work of Cundall ...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042905] Published Fri Oct 13, 2017

Dynamics of a thermally driven film climbing the outside of a vertical cylinder


Author(s): Linda B. Smolka

The dynamics of a film climbing the outside of a vertical cylinder under the competing effects of a thermally driven surface tension gradient and gravity is examined through numerical simulations of a thin-film model for the film height. The model, including boundary conditions, depends on three par...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 043107] Published Fri Oct 13, 2017

Collisional damping rates for electron plasma waves reassessed


Author(s): J. W. Banks, S. Brunner, R. L. Berger, W. J. Arrighi, and T. M. Tran

Collisional damping of electron plasma waves, the primary damping for high phase velocity waves, is proportional to the electron-ion collision rate, ${ν}_{\mathrm{ei},\mathrm{th}}$. Here, it is shown that the damping rate normalized to ${ν}_{\mathrm{ei},\mathrm{th}}$ depends on the charge state, $Z$...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 043208] Published Fri Oct 13, 2017

Liquidlike sloshing dynamics of monodisperse granulate


Author(s): Kerstin Avila, Laura Steub, and Thorsten Pöschel

Analogies between fluid flows and granular flows are useful because they pave the way for continuum treatments of granular media. However, in practice it is impossible to predict under what experimental conditions the dynamics of fluids and granulates are qualitatively similar. In the case of unstea...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 040901(R)] Published Thu Oct 12, 2017

Forward, backward, and weighted stochastic bridges


Author(s): Peter D. Drummond

We define stochastic bridges as conditional distributions of stochastic paths that leave a specified point in phase-space in the past and arrive at another one in the future. These can be defined relative to either forward or backward stochastic differential equations and with the inclusion of arbit...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042123] Published Thu Oct 12, 2017

Roles of energy eigenstates and eigenvalues in equilibration of isolated quantum systems


Author(s): Shaoqi Zhu (朱少奇) and Biao Wu (吴飙)

We show that eigenenergies and energy eigenstates play different roles in the equilibration process of an isolated quantum system. Their roles are revealed numerically by exchanging the eigenenergies between an integrable model and a nonintegrable model. We find that the structure of eigenenergies o...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042124] Published Thu Oct 12, 2017

Kinetic approach to condensation: Diatomic gases with dipolar molecules


Author(s): E. S. Benilov and M. S. Benilov

We derive a kinetic equation for rarefied diatomic gases whose molecules have a permanent dipole moment. Estimating typical parameters of such gases, we show that quantum effects cannot be neglected when describing the rotation of molecules, which we thus approximate by quantum rotators. The intermo...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042125] Published Thu Oct 12, 2017

Erosion and deposition processes in surface granular flows


Author(s): T. Trinh, P. Boltenhagen, R. Delannay, and A. Valance

We report on experiments aiming at characterizing erosion and deposition processes on a tilted granular bed. We investigate the existence of the neutral angle, that is, the critical angle at which erosion exactly balances accretion after the passage of a granular avalanche of a finite mass. Experime...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042904] Published Thu Oct 12, 2017

Electrostatic fluctuations in collisional plasmas


Author(s): W. Rozmus, A. Brantov, C. Fortmann-Grote, V. Yu. Bychenkov, and S. Glenzer

We present a theory of electrostatic fluctuations in two-component plasmas where electrons and ions are described by Maxwellian distribution functions at unequal temperatures. Based on the exact solution of the Landau kinetic equation, that includes electron-electron, electron-ion, and ion-ion colli...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 043207] Published Thu Oct 12, 2017

Publisher's Note: Spreading law of non-Newtonian power-law liquids on a spherical substrate by an energy-balance approach [Phys. Rev. E 96, 012803 (2017)]


Author(s): Masao Iwamatsu

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 049902] Published Thu Oct 12, 2017

Energy transport in the presence of long-range interactions


Author(s): Debarshee Bagchi

We study energy transport in the paradigmatic Hamiltonian mean-field (HMF) model and other related long-range interacting models using molecular dynamics simulations. We show that energy diffusion in the HMF model is subdiffusive in nature, which confirms a recently obtained intriguing result that, ...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042121] Published Wed Oct 11, 2017

Analysis of crackling noise using the maximum-likelihood method: Power-law mixing and exponential damping


Author(s): Ekhard K. H. Salje, Antoni Planes, and Eduard Vives

Crackling noise can be initiated by competing or coexisting mechanisms. These mechanisms can combine to generate an approximate scale invariant distribution that contains two or more contributions. The overall distribution function can be analyzed, to a good approximation, using maximum-likelihood m...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042122] Published Wed Oct 11, 2017

Avoided level crossings in an elliptic billiard


Author(s): Ji-Hwan Kim, Jaewon Kim, Chang-Hwan Yi, Hyeon-Hye Yu, Ji-Won Lee, and Chil-Min Kim

In an elliptic billiard, we find avoided level crossings taking place over wide ranges, which are of a Demkov type for generations of eigenfunctions localized on an islands chain and its pair unstable periodic orbit. For a proof of the existence of avoided level crossings, first, we show that the qu...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042205] Published Wed Oct 11, 2017

Micromechanical model for protein materials: From macromolecules to macroscopic fibers


Author(s): G. Puglisi, D. De Tommasi, M. F. Pantano, N. M. Pugno, and G. Saccomandi

We propose a model for the mechanical behavior of protein materials. Based on a limited number of experimental macromolecular parameters (persistence and contour length) we obtain the macroscopic behavior of keratin fibers (human, cow, and rabbit hair), taking into account the damage and residual st...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042407] Published Wed Oct 11, 2017

Diffusivity of E. coli-like microswimmers in confined geometries: The role of the tumbling rate


Author(s): Giorgia Guccione, Daniela Pimponi, Paolo Gualtieri, and Mauro Chinappi

We analyzed the effect of confinement on the effective diffusion of a run-and-tumble E. coli-like flagellated microswimmer. We used a simulation protocol where the run phases are obtained via a fully resolved swimming problem, i.e., Stokes equations for the fluid coupled with rigid-body dynamics for...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042603] Published Wed Oct 11, 2017

Test of the diffusing-diffusivity mechanism using near-wall colloidal dynamics


Author(s): Mpumelelo Matse, Mykyta V. Chubynsky, and John Bechhoefer

The mechanism of diffusing diffusivity predicts that, in environments where the diffusivity changes gradually, the displacement distribution becomes non-Gaussian, even though the mean-square displacement grows linearly with time. Here, we report single-particle tracking measurements of the diffusion...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042604] Published Wed Oct 11, 2017

Theory of nanobubble formation and induced force in nanochannels


Author(s): Noriyoshi Arai, Takahiro Koishi, and Toshikazu Ebisuzaki

This paper presents a fundamental theory of nanobubble formation and induced force in confined nanochannels. It is shown that nanobubble formation between hydrophobic plates can be predicted from their surface tension and geometry, with estimated values for the surface free energy and the force acti...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042802] Published Wed Oct 11, 2017

Kinetic theory of shear thickening for a moderately dense gas-solid suspension: From discontinuous thickening to continuous thickening


Author(s): Hisao Hayakawa, Satoshi Takada, and Vicente Garzó

The Enskog kinetic theory for moderately dense gas-solid suspensions under simple shear flow is considered as a model to analyze the rheological properties of the system. The influence of the environmental fluid on solid particles is modeled via a viscous drag force plus a stochastic Langevin-like t...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042903] Published Wed Oct 11, 2017

Solid $^{4}\mathrm{He}$ and the diffusion Monte Carlo method: A study of their properties


Author(s): E. J. Rugeles, Sebastian Ujevic, and S. A. Vitiello

Properties of helium atoms in the solid phase are investigated using the multiweight diffusion Monte Carlo method. Two different importance function transformations are used in two series of independent calculations. The kinetic energy is estimated for both the solid and liquid phases of $^{4}\mathr...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 043306] Published Wed Oct 11, 2017

Kinetics of lipid-nanoparticle-mediated intracellular mRNA delivery and function


Author(s): Vladimir P. Zhdanov

mRNA delivery into cells forms the basis for one of the new and promising ways to treat various diseases. Among suitable carriers, lipid nanoparticles (LNPs) with a size of about 100 nm are now often employed. Despite high current interest in this area, the understanding of the basic details of LNP-...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042406] Published Tue Oct 10, 2017

Limit regimes of ice formation in turbulent supercooled water


Author(s): Francesca De Santi and Piero Olla

A study of ice formation in stationary turbulent conditions is carried out in various limit regimes of crystal growth, supercooling, and ice entrainment at the water surface. Analytical expressions for the temperature, salinity, and ice concentration mean profiles are provided, and the role of fluct...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 043106] Published Tue Oct 10, 2017

Ion-beam–plasma interaction effects on electrostatic solitary wave propagation in ultradense relativistic quantum plasmas


Author(s): I. S. Elkamash, I. Kourakis, and F. Haas

Understanding the transport properties of charged particle beams is important not only from a fundamental point of view but also due to its relevance in a variety of applications. A theoretical model is established in this article, to model the interaction of a tenuous positively charged ion beam wi...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 043206] Published Tue Oct 10, 2017

Quantum Monte Carlo with variable spins: Fixed-phase and fixed-node approximations


Author(s): Cody A. Melton and Lubos Mitas

We study several aspects of the recently introduced fixed-phase spinor diffusion Monte Carlo method, in particular, its relation to the fixed-node method and its potential use as a general approach for electronic structure calculations. We illustrate constructions of spinor-based wave functions with...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 043305] Published Tue Oct 10, 2017

Tricriticality in crossed Ising chains


Author(s): T. Cary, R. R. P. Singh, and R. T. Scalettar

We explore the phase diagram of Ising spins on one-dimensional chains that criss-cross in two perpendicular directions and that are connected by interchain couplings. This system is of interest as a simpler, classical analog of a quantum Hamiltonian that has been proposed as a model of magnetic beha...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042108] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

Crossover from ballistic to normal heat transport in the ${ϕ}^{4}$ lattice: If nonconservation of momentum is the reason, what is the mechanism?


Author(s): Daxing Xiong, Danial Saadatmand, and Sergey V. Dmitriev

Anomalous (non-Fourier) heat transport is no longer just a theoretical issue since it has been observed experimentally in a number of low-dimensional nanomaterials, such as SiGe nanowires, carbon nanotubes, and others. To understand these anomalous behaviors, exploring the microscopic origin of norm...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042109] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

Non-Poisson renewal events and memory


Author(s): Rohisha Tuladhar, Mauro Bologna, and Paolo Grigolini

We study two different forms of fluctuation-dissipation processes generating anomalous relaxations to equilibrium of an initial out-of-equilibrium condition, the former being based on a stationary although very slow correlation function and the latter characterized by the occurrence of crucial event...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042112] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

Perturbative dynamics of open quantum systems by renormalization group method


Author(s): Shingo Kukita

We analyze perturbative dynamics of a composite system consisting of a quantum mechanical system and an environment by the renormalization group (RG) method. The solution obtained from the RG method has no secular terms and approximates the exact solution for a long time interval. Moreover, the RG m...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042113] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

Noisy independent component analysis of autocorrelated components


Author(s): Jakob Knollmüller and Torsten A. Enßlin

We present a method for the separation of superimposed, independent, autocorrelated components from noisy multichannel measurement. The presented method simultaneously reconstructs and separates the components, taking all channels into account, and thereby increases the effective signal-to-noise rat...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042114] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

Bak-Tang-Wiesenfeld model in the upper critical dimension: Induced criticality in lower-dimensional subsystems


Author(s): H. Dashti-Naserabadi and M. N. Najafi

We present extensive numerical simulations of Bak-Tang-Wiesenfeld (BTW) sandpile model on the hypercubic lattice in the upper critical dimension ${D}_{u}=4$. After re-extracting the critical exponents of avalanches, we concentrate on the three- and two-dimensional (2D) cross sections seeking for the...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042115] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

Percolation thresholds in hyperbolic lattices


Author(s): Stephan Mertens and Cristopher Moore

We use invasion percolation to compute numerical values for bond and site percolation thresholds ${p}_{c}$ (existence of an infinite cluster) and ${p}_{u}$ (uniqueness of the infinite cluster) of tesselations ${P,Q}$ of the hyperbolic plane, where $Q$ faces meet at each vertex and each face is a $P$...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042116] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

Boltzmann kinetic equation for a strongly confined gas of hard spheres


Author(s): J. Javier Brey, M. I. García de Soria, and P. Maynar

A Boltzmann-like kinetic equation for a quasi-two-dimensional gas of hard spheres is derived. The system is confined between two parallel hard plates separated a distance between one and two particle diameters. An entropy Lyapunov function for the equation is identified. In addition to the usual Bol...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042117] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

Underdamped stochastic harmonic oscillator driven by Lévy noise


Author(s): Bartłomiej Dybiec, Ewa Gudowska-Nowak, and Igor M. Sokolov

We investigate the distribution of potential and kinetic energy in stationary states of the linearly damped stochastic oscillator driven by Lévy noises. In the long time limit distributions of kinetic and potential energies of the oscillator follow the power-law asymptotics and do not fulfill the eq...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042118] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

Quantum work fluctuations in connection with the Jarzynski equality


Author(s): Juan D. Jaramillo, Jiawen Deng, and Jiangbin Gong

A result of great theoretical and experimental interest, the Jarzynski equality predicts a free energy change $\mathrm{Δ}F$ of a system at inverse temperature $β$ from an ensemble average of nonequilibrium exponential work, i.e., $〈{e}^{−βW}〉={e}^{−β\mathrm{Δ}F}$. The number of experimental work val...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042119] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

Multichain models of conserved lattice gas


Author(s): Arijit Chatterjee and P. K. Mohanty

Conserved lattice-gas models in one dimension exhibit absorbing state phase transition (APT) with simple integer exponents $β=1=ν=η$, whereas the same on a ladder belong to directed percolation (DP) universality. We conjecture that additional stochasticity in particle transfer is a relevant perturba...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042120] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

Increased persistence via asynchrony in oscillating ecological populations with long-range interaction


Author(s): Anubhav Gupta, Tanmoy Banerjee, and Partha Sharathi Dutta

Understanding the influence of the structure of a dispersal network on the species persistence and modeling a realistic species dispersal in nature are two central issues in spatial ecology. A realistic dispersal structure which favors the persistence of interacting ecological systems was studied [M...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042202] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

Estimation of the degree of dynamical instability from the information entropy of symbolic dynamics


Author(s): Takaya Miyano and Hiroshi Gotoda

A positive Lyapunov exponent is the most convincing signature of chaos. However, existing methods for estimating the Lyapunov exponent from a time series often give unreliable estimates because they trace the time evolution of the distance between a pair of initially neighboring trajectories in phas...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042203] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

Intermittency and emergence of coherent structures in wave turbulence of a vibrating plate


Author(s): Nicolas Mordant and Benjamin Miquel

We report numerical investigations of wave turbulence in a vibrating plate. The possibility to implement advanced measurement techniques and long-time numerical simulations makes this system extremely valuable for wave turbulence studies. The purely 2D character of dynamics of the elastic plate make...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042204] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

Opposing effects of cationic antimicrobial peptides and divalent cations on bacterial lipopolysaccharides


Author(s): Matthew Smart, Aruna Rajagopal, Wing-Ki Liu, and Bae-Yeun Ha

The permeability of the bacterial outer membrane, enclosing Gram-negative bacteria, depends on the interactions of the outer, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) layer, with surrounding ions and molecules. We present a coarse-grained model for describing how cationic amphiphilic molecules (e.g., antimicrobial ...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042405] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

Strongly nonlinear theory of rapid solidification near absolute stability


Author(s): Katarzyna N. Kowal, Anthony L. Altieri, and Stephen H. Davis

We investigate the nonlinear evolution of the morphological deformation of a solid-liquid interface of a binary melt under rapid solidification conditions near two absolute stability limits. The first of these involves the complete stabilization of the system to cellular instabilities as a result of...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042801] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

Acoustic manipulation: Bessel beams and active carriers


Author(s): Majid Rajabi and Alireza Mojahed

In this paper, we address the interaction of zero-order acoustic Bessel beams as an acoustic manipulation tool, with an active spherical shell, as a carrier in drug, agent, or material delivery systems, in order to investigate the controllability of exerted acoustic radiation force as the driver. Th...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 043001] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

Langevin equation elucidates the mechanism of the Rayleigh-Bénard instability by coupling molecular motions and macroscopic fluctuations


Author(s): Jun Zhang and Thomas Önskog

It is well known that Brownian motion can be described using Langevin equation. In this paper we extend the application of the Langevin equation to the Rayleigh-Bénard (RB) flow, assuming that each molecule in the system is a Brownian particle colliding with its surrounding molecules. The phenomenon...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 043104] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

Origin of the inertial deviation from Darcy's law: An investigation from a microscopic flow analysis on two-dimensional model structures


Author(s): Mehrez Agnaou, Didier Lasseux, and Azita Ahmadi

Inertial flow in porous media occurs in many situations of practical relevance among which one can cite flows in column reactors, in filters, in aquifers, or near wells for hydrocarbon recovery. It is characterized by a deviation from Darcy's law that leads to a nonlinear relationship between the pr...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 043105] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

Modeling of the interaction of an x-ray free-electron laser with large finite samples


Author(s): O. Peyrusse, J.-M. André, P. Jonnard, and J. Gaudin

We describe a model for the study of the interaction of short x-ray free-electron laser (XFEL) pulses with large finite samples. Hydrodynamics is solved in one-dimensional planar geometry with consideration of the electron-ion energy exchange and of the possible elastoplastic behavior. From a time-d...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 043205] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

Hypernetted-chain-like closure of Ornstein-Zernike equation in multibody dissipative particle dynamics


Author(s): Chao-jie Mo, Li-zi Qin, and Li-jun Yang

We have derived a hypernetted-chain-like (HNC-like) approximate closure of the Ornstein-Zernike equation for multibody dissipative particle dynamics (MDPD) system in which the classic closures are not directly practicable. We first point out that the Percus's method is applicable to MDPD system in w...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 043303] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

Reconstruction of a digital core containing clay minerals based on a clustering algorithm


Author(s): Yanlong He, Chunsheng Pu, Cheng Jing, Xiaoyu Gu, Qingdong Chen, Hongzhi Liu, Nasir Khan, and Qiaoling Dong

It is difficult to obtain a core sample and information for digital core reconstruction of mature sandstone reservoirs around the world, especially for an unconsolidated sandstone reservoir. Meanwhile, reconstruction and division of clay minerals play a vital role in the reconstruction of the digita...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 043304] Published Mon Oct 09, 2017

Transient anomalous diffusion regimes in reversible adsorbing systems


Author(s): Guillaume Dumazer, Eirik Flekkøy, François Renard, and Luiza Angheluta

A solvable, minimal model of diffusion in the presence of a reversible adsorption site is investigated. We show that the diffusive particles are influenced by the adsorbing site on transient times when they have anomalous subdiffusive behavior. However, the particle dispersion law crosses over to th...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042106] Published Fri Oct 06, 2017

Dual lattice functional renormalization group for the Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless transition: Irrelevance of amplitude and out-of-plane fluctuations


Author(s): Jan Krieg and Peter Kopietz

We develop a functional renormalization group (FRG) approach for the two-dimensional $XY$ model by combining the lattice FRG proposed by Machado and Dupuis [Phys. Rev. E 82, 041128 (2010)] with a duality transformation that explicitly introduces vortices via an integer-valued field. We show that the...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042107] Published Fri Oct 06, 2017

Suppression of crystalline fluctuations by competing structures in a supercooled liquid


Author(s): Pierre Ronceray and Peter Harrowell

We propose a geometrical characterization of amorphous liquid structures that suppress crystallization by competing locally with crystalline order. We introduce for this purpose the crystal affinity of a liquid, a simple measure of its propensity to accumulate local crystalline structures on cooling...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042602] Published Fri Oct 06, 2017

Topological defects in an unconfined nematic fluid induced by single and double spherical colloidal particles


Author(s): Yiwei Wang, Pingwen Zhang, and Jeff Z. Y. Chen

We present numerical solutions to the Landau-de Gennes free-energy model under the one-constant approximation for systems of single and double spherical colloidal particles immersed in an otherwise uniformly aligned nematic liquid crystal. A perfect homeotropic surface anchoring of liquid-crystal mo...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042702] Published Fri Oct 06, 2017

Transport regimes spanning magnetization-coupling phase space


Author(s): Scott D. Baalrud and Jérôme Daligault

The manner in which transport properties vary over the entire parameter-space of coupling and magnetization strength is explored. Four regimes are identified based on the relative size of the gyroradius compared to other fundamental length scales: the collision mean free path, Debye length, distance...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 043202] Published Fri Oct 06, 2017

Momentum transport and nonlocality in heat-flux-driven magnetic reconnection in high-energy-density plasmas


Author(s): Chang Liu, William Fox, Amitava Bhattacharjee, Alexander G. R. Thomas, and Archis S. Joglekar

Recent theory has demonstrated a novel physics regime for magnetic reconnection in high-energy-density plasmas where the magnetic field is advected by heat flux via the Nernst effect. Here we elucidate the physics of the electron dissipation layer in this regime. Through fully kinetic simulation and...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 043203] Published Fri Oct 06, 2017

Dust coupling parameter of radio-frequency-discharge complex plasma under microgravity conditions


Author(s): D. I. Zhukhovitskii, V. N. Naumkin, A. I. Khusnulgatin, V. I. Molotkov, and A. M. Lipaev

Oscillation of particles in a dust crystal formed in a low-pressure radio-frequency gas discharge under microgravity conditions is studied. Analysis of experimental data obtained in our previous study shows that the oscillations are highly isotropic and nearly homogeneous in the bulk of a dust cryst...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 043204] Published Fri Oct 06, 2017

Static and dynamic properties of two-dimensional Coulomb clusters


Author(s): Biswarup Ash, J. Chakrabarti, and Amit Ghosal

We study the temperature dependence of static and dynamic responses of Coulomb interacting particles in two-dimensional confinements across the crossover from solid- to liquid-like behaviors. While static correlations that investigate the translational and bond orientational order in the confinement...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042105] Published Thu Oct 05, 2017

Impact-induced solidlike behavior and elasticity in concentrated colloidal suspensions


Author(s): Baojin Chu and David R. Salem

Modified drop weight impact tests were performed on $\mathrm{Si}{\mathrm{O}}_{2}$–ethylene glycol concentrated suspensions. Counterintuitive impact-induced solidlike behavior and elasticity, causing significant deceleration and rebound of the impactor, were observed. We provide evidence that the obs...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042601] Published Thu Oct 05, 2017

Energy decay in a tapped granular column: Can a one-dimensional toy model provide insight into fully three-dimensional systems?


Author(s): C. R. K. Windows-Yule, D. L. Blackmore, and A. D. Rosato

The decay of energy within particulate media subjected to an impulse is an issue of significant scientific interest, but also one with numerous important practical applications. In this paper, we study the dynamics of a granular system exposed to energetic impulses in the form of discrete taps from ...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042902] Published Thu Oct 05, 2017

Diversity of charge orderings in correlated systems


Author(s): Konrad Jerzy Kapcia, Jan Barański, and Andrzej Ptok

The phenomenon associated with inhomogeneous distribution of electron density is known as a charge ordering. In this work, we study the zero-bandwidth limit of the extended Hubbard model, which can be considered as a simple effective model of charge ordered insulators. It consists of the on-site int...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042104] Published Wed Oct 04, 2017

Diffusion dynamics and synchronizability of hierarchical products of networks


Author(s): Per Sebastian Skardal

The hierarchical product of networks represents a natural tool for building large networks out of two smaller subnetworks: a primary subnetwork and a secondary subnetwork. Here we study the dynamics of diffusion and synchronization processes on hierarchical products. We apply techniques previously u...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042302] Published Wed Oct 04, 2017

Network patterns in exponentially growing two-dimensional biofilms


Author(s): Cameron Zachreson, Xinhui Yap, Erin S. Gloag, Raz Shimoni, Cynthia B. Whitchurch, and Milos Toth

Anisotropic collective patterns occur frequently in the morphogenesis of two-dimensional biofilms. These patterns are often attributed to growth regulation mechanisms and differentiation based on gradients of diffusing nutrients and signaling molecules. Here, we employ a model of bacterial growth dy...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042401] Published Wed Oct 04, 2017

Model of chromosomal loci dynamics in bacteria as fractional diffusion with intermittent transport


Author(s): Marco Gherardi, Ludovico Calabrese, Mikhail Tamm, and Marco Cosentino Lagomarsino

The short-time dynamics of bacterial chromosomal loci is a mixture of subdiffusive and active motion, in the form of rapid relocations with near-ballistic dynamics. While previous work has shown that such rapid motions are ubiquitous, we still have little grasp on their physical nature, and no posit...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042402] Published Wed Oct 04, 2017

Iterated function systems for DNA replication


Author(s): Pierre Gaspard

The kinetic equations of DNA replication are shown to be exactly solved in terms of iterated function systems, running along the template sequence and giving the statistical properties of the copy sequences, as well as the kinetic and thermodynamic properties of the replication process. With this me...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042403] Published Wed Oct 04, 2017

Biological cell as a soft magnetoelectric material: Elucidating the physical mechanisms underpinning the detection of magnetic fields by animals


Author(s): S. Krichen, L. Liu, and P. Sharma

Sharks, birds, bats, turtles, and many other animals can detect magnetic fields. Aside from using this remarkable ability to exploit the terrestrial magnetic field map to sense direction, a subset is also able to implement a version of the so-called geophysical positioning system. How do these anima...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042404] Published Wed Oct 04, 2017

Guidance of microswimmers by wall and flow: Thigmotaxis and rheotaxis of unsteady squirmers in two and three dimensions


Author(s): Kenta Ishimoto

The motions of an unsteady circular-disk squirmer and a spherical squirmer have been investigated in the presence of a no-slip infinite wall and a background shear flow in order to clarify the similarities and differences between two- and three-dimensional motions. Despite the similar bifurcation st...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 043103] Published Wed Oct 04, 2017

Refined energy-conserving dissipative particle dynamics model with temperature-dependent properties and its application in solidification problem


Author(s): K. C. Ng and T. W. H. Sheu

It has been observed previously that the physical behaviors of Schmidt number (Sc) and Prandtl number (Pr) of an energy-conserving dissipative particle dynamics (eDPD) fluid can be reproduced by the temperature-dependent weight function appearing in the dissipative force term. In this paper, we prop...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 043302] Published Wed Oct 04, 2017

Random Euclidean matching problems in one dimension


Author(s): Sergio Caracciolo, Matteo D'Achille, and Gabriele Sicuro

We discuss the optimal matching solution for both the assignment problem and the matching problem in one dimension for a large class of convex cost functions. We consider the problem in a compact set with the topology both of the interval and of the circumference. Afterwards, we assume the points' p...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042102] Published Tue Oct 03, 2017

Exponential bound in the quest for absolute zero


Author(s): Dionisis Stefanatos

In most studies for the quantification of the third law of thermodynamics, the minimum temperature which can be achieved with a long but finite-time process scales as a negative power of the process duration. In this article, we use our recent complete solution for the optimal control problem of the...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042103] Published Tue Oct 03, 2017

Design and investigation of de Vries liquid crystals based on 5-phenyl-pyrimidine and (R,R)-2,3-epoxyhexoxy backbone


Author(s): S. P. Sreenilayam, D. Rodriguez-Lojo, V. P. Panov, V. Swaminathan, J. K. Vij, Yu. P. Panarin, E. Gorecka, A. Panov, and P. J. Stevenson

Calamitic liquid crystals based on 5-phenyl-pyrimidine derivatives have been designed, synthesized, and characterized. The 5-phenyl pyrimidine core was functionalized with a chiral (R,R)-2,3-epoxyhexoxy chain on one side and either siloxane or perfluoro terminated chains on the opposite side. The on...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042701] Published Tue Oct 03, 2017

Force percolation transition of jammed granular systems


Author(s): Sudhir N. Pathak, Valentina Esposito, Antonio Coniglio, and Massimo Pica Ciamarra

The mechanical and transport properties of jammed materials originate from an underlying percolating network of contact forces between the grains. Using extensive simulations we investigate the force-percolation transition of this network, where two particles are considered as linked if their interp...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042901] Published Tue Oct 03, 2017

Universality of oscillating boiling in Leidenfrost transition


Author(s): Mohammad Khavari and Tuan Tran

The Leidenfrost transition leads a boiling system to the boiling crisis, a state in which the liquid loses contact with the heated surface due to excessive vapor generation. Here, using experiments of liquid droplets boiling on a heated surface, we report a phenomenon, termed oscillating boiling, at...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 043102] Published Tue Oct 03, 2017

Scaling of the surface vasculature on the human placenta


Author(s): A. S. Leonard, J. Lee, D. Schubert, L. A. Croen, M. D. Fallin, C. J. Newschaffer, C. K. Walker, C. M. Salafia, S. P. Morgan, and D. D. Vvedensky

The networks of veins and arteries on the chorionic plate of the human placenta are analyzed in terms of Voronoi cells derived from these networks. Two groups of placentas from the United States are studied: a population cohort with no prescreening, and a cohort from newborns with an elevated risk o...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 040401(R)] Published Mon Oct 02, 2017

Evolutionary games combining two or three pair coordinations on a square lattice


Author(s): Balázs Király and György Szabó

We study multiagent logit-rule-driven evolutionary games on a square lattice whose pair interactions are composed of a maximal number of nonoverlapping elementary coordination games describing Ising-type interactions between just two of the available strategies. Using Monte Carlo simulations we inve...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042101] Published Mon Oct 02, 2017

Effect of high-order dispersion on three-soliton interactions for the variable-coefficients Hirota equation


Author(s): Wenjun Liu, Chunyu Yang, Mengli Liu, Weitian Yu, Yujia Zhang, and Ming Lei

The interactions of multiple solitons show different properties with two-soliton interactions. For the difficulty of deriving multiple soliton solutions, it is rare to study multiple soliton interactions analytically. In this paper, three-soliton interactions in inhomogeneous optical fibers, which a...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042201] Published Mon Oct 02, 2017

Impact of environmental colored noise in single-species population dynamics


Author(s): Tommaso Spanio, Jorge Hidalgo, and Miguel A. Muñoz

Variability on external conditions has important consequences for the dynamics and the organization of biological systems. In many cases, the characteristic timescale of environmental changes as well as their correlations play a fundamental role in the way living systems adapt and respond to it. A p...

[Phys. Rev. E 96, 042301] Published Mon Oct 02, 2017