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Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. D

Recent articles in Physical Review D

Published: 2017-11-23T09:02:48+00:00


Strong decays of exotic and nonexotic heavy baryons in the chiral quark-soliton model


Author(s): Hyun-Chul Kim, Maxim V. Polyakov, Michał Praszałowicz, and Ghil-Seok Yang

In the large ${N}_{c}$ limit both heavy and light baryons are described by the universal mean field, which allows us to relate the properties of heavy baryons to light ones. With the only input from the decays of light octet baryons (due to the universality of the chiral mean field), excellent descr...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 094021] Published Wed Nov 22, 2017

Inflation in a closed universe


Author(s): Bharat Ratra

To derive a power spectrum for energy density inhomogeneities in a closed universe, we study a spatially-closed inflation-modified hot big bang model whose evolutionary history is divided into three epochs: an early slowly-rolling scalar field inflation epoch and the usual radiation and nonrelativis...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 103534] Published Wed Nov 22, 2017

Gravitational spin-orbit coupling in binary systems, post-Minkowskian approximation, and effective one-body theory


Author(s): Donato Bini and Thibault Damour

A novel approach for extracting gauge-invariant information about spin-orbit coupling in gravitationally interacting binary systems is introduced. This approach is based on the “scattering holonomy”, i.e. the integration (from the infinite past to the infinite future) of the differential spin evolut...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 104038] Published Wed Nov 22, 2017

Massive graviton dark matter with environment dependent mass: A natural explanation of the dark matter-baryon ratio


Author(s): Katsuki Aoki and Shinji Mukohyama

We propose a scenario that can naturally explain the observed dark matter-baryon ratio in the context of bimetric theory with a chameleon field. We introduce two additional gravitational degrees of freedom, the massive graviton and the chameleon field, corresponding to dark matter and dark energy, r...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 104039] Published Wed Nov 22, 2017

Lensing and dynamics of ultracompact bosonic stars


Author(s): Pedro V. P. Cunha, José A. Font, Carlos Herdeiro, Eugen Radu, Nicolas Sanchis-Gual, and Miguel Zilhão

Spherically symmetric bosonic stars are one of the few examples of gravitating solitons that are known to form dynamically, via a classical process of (incomplete) gravitational collapse. As stationary solutions of the Einstein–Klein-Gordon or the Einstein–Proca theory, bosonic stars may also become...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 104040] Published Wed Nov 22, 2017

Parameter estimation method that directly compares gravitational wave observations to numerical relativity


Author(s): J. Lange et al.

We present and assess a Bayesian method to interpret gravitational wave signals from binary black holes. Our method directly compares gravitational wave data to numerical relativity (NR) simulations. In this study, we present a detailed investigation of the systematic and statistical parameter estim...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 104041] Published Wed Nov 22, 2017

Thermodynamics of quantum spacetime histories


Author(s): Lee Smolin

We show that the simplicity constraints, which define the dynamics of spin foam models, imply, and are implied by, the first law of thermodynamics, when the latter is applied to causal diamonds in the quantum spacetime. This result reveals an intimate connection between the holographic nature of gra...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 104042] Published Wed Nov 22, 2017

World sheets of spinning particles


Author(s): D. S. Kaparulin and S. L. Lyakhovich

The classical spinning particles are considered such that quantization of classical model leads to an irreducible massive representation of the Poincaré group. The class of gauge equivalent classical particle world lines is shown to form a $[(d+1)/2]$-dimensional world sheet in $d$-dimensional Minko...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 105014] Published Wed Nov 22, 2017

Infrared fixed point physics in $\mathrm{SO}({N}_{c})$ and $\mathrm{Sp}({N}_{c})$ gauge theories


Author(s): Thomas A. Ryttov and Robert Shrock

We study properties of asymptotically free vectorial gauge theories with gauge groups $G=\mathrm{SO}({N}_{c})$ and $G=\mathrm{Sp}({N}_{c})$ and ${N}_{f}$ fermions in a representation $R$ of $G$, at an infrared (IR) zero of the beta function, ${α}_{\mathrm{IR}}$, in the non-Abelian Coulomb phase. The...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 105015] Published Wed Nov 22, 2017

Ground state for a massive scalar field in the BTZ spacetime with Robin boundary conditions


Author(s): Francesco Bussola, Claudio Dappiaggi, Hugo R. C. Ferreira, and Igor Khavkine

We consider a real, massive scalar field in Bañados-Teitelboim-Zanelli spacetime, a $2+1$-dimensional black hole solution of Einstein’s field equations with a negative cosmological constant. First, we analyze the space of classical solutions in a mode decomposition, and we characterize the collectio...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 105016] Published Wed Nov 22, 2017

Ghost-spin chains, entanglement, and $bc$-ghost CFTs


Author(s): Dileep P. Jatkar and K. Narayan

We study one-dimensional chains of ghost-spins with nearest neighbor interactions amongst them, developing further the study of ghost-spins in previous work, defined as 2-state spin variables with indefinite norm. First we study finite ghost-spin chains with Ising-like nearest neighbor interactions:...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 106015] Published Wed Nov 22, 2017

Measurement of neutrino and antineutrino oscillations by the T2K experiment including a new additional sample of ${ν}_{e}$ interactions at the far detector


Author(s): K. Abe et al. (The T2K Collaboration)

The T2K experiment reports an updated analysis of neutrino and antineutrino oscillations in appearance and disappearance channels. A sample of electron neutrino candidates at Super-Kamiokande in which a pion decay has been tagged is added to the four single-ring samples used in previous T2K oscillat...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 092006] Published Tue Nov 21, 2017

Systematic study of octet-baryon electromagnetic form factors in covariant chiral perturbation theory


Author(s): A. N. Hiller Blin

We perform a complete and systematic calculation of the octet-baryon form factors within the fully covariant approach of $SU(3)$ chiral perturbation theory at $\mathcal{O}({p}^{3})$. We use the extended on-mass shell renormalization scheme and include explicitly the vector mesons and the spin-$3/2$ ...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 093008] Published Tue Nov 21, 2017

Analytical calculation for the gluon fragmentation into spin-triplet $S$-wave quarkonium


Author(s): Peng Zhang, Yan-Qing Ma, Qian Chen, and Kuang-Ta Chao

Fragmentation is the dominant mechanism for hadron production with high transverse momentum. For spin-triplet $S$-wave heavy quarkonium production, contribution of gluon fragmenting to color-singlet channel has been numerically calculated since 1993. However, there is still no analytic expression av...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 094016] Published Tue Nov 21, 2017

Role of QCD compositeness in the production of scalar and tensor mesons through single-photon annihilation ${e}^{+}{e}^{−}→{γ}^{*}→γS(T)$


Author(s): Alexandr G. Chumakov, Thomas Gutsche, Valery E. Lyubovitskij, and Ivan Schmidt

We study the exclusive production of scalar $S={0}^{++}$ and tensor $T={2}^{++}$ mesons through single-photon annihilation ${e}^{+}{e}^{−}→{γ}^{*}→γS(T)$. Using QCD compositeness of the involved hadrons considered as quark-antiquark systems, the prediction for the scaling of the differential cross s...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 094018] Published Tue Nov 21, 2017

Renormalizability of quasiparton distribution functions


Author(s): Tomomi Ishikawa, Yan-Qing Ma, Jian-Wei Qiu, and Shinsuke Yoshida

Quasiparton distribution functions have received a lot of attention in both the perturbative QCD and lattice QCD communities in recent years because they not only carry good information on the parton distribution functions but also could be evaluated by lattice QCD simulations. However, unlike the p...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 094019] Published Tue Nov 21, 2017

Probing the sea quark content of the proton with one-particle-inclusive processes


Author(s): Ignacio Borsa, Rodolfo Sassot, and Marco Stratmann

We investigate the feasibility of constraining parton distribution functions in the proton through a comparison with data on semi-inclusive deep-inelastic lepton-nucleon scattering. Specifically, we reweight replicas of these distributions according to how well they reproduce recent, very precise ch...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 094020] Published Tue Nov 21, 2017

Nucleon transverse momentum-dependent parton distributions in lattice QCD: Renormalization patterns and discretization effects


Author(s): Boram Yoon, Michael Engelhardt, Rajan Gupta, Tanmoy Bhattacharya, Jeremy R. Green, Bernhard U. Musch, John W. Negele, Andrew V. Pochinsky, Andreas Schäfer, and Sergey N. Syritsyn

Lattice QCD calculations of transverse momentum-dependent parton distribution functions (TMDs) in nucleons are presented, based on the evaluation of nucleon matrix elements of quark bilocal operators with a staple-shaped gauge connection. Both time-reversal odd effects, namely, the generalized Siver...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 094508] Published Tue Nov 21, 2017

Topological defects in quantum field theory with matrix product states


Author(s): Edward Gillman and Arttu Rajantie

The authors use matrix product states to study kinks in a ϕ4 theory in 1+1 dimensions. Matrix product states are a way of using variational methods in a field theory, and undoubtedly of utility in a wide variety of other problems.

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 094509] Published Tue Nov 21, 2017

Inert two-Higgs-doublet model strongly coupled to a non-Abelian vector resonance


Author(s): Felipe Rojas-Abatte, Maria Luisa Mora, Jose Urbina, and Alfonso R. Zerwekh

We study the possibility of a dark matter candidate having its origin in an extended Higgs sector which, at least partially, is related to a new strongly interacting sector. More concretely, we consider an i2HDM (i.e., a Type-I two Higgs doublet model supplemented with a ${Z}_{2}$ under which the no...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 095025] Published Tue Nov 21, 2017

Spontaneous spin polarization due to tensor self-energies in quark matter


Author(s): Tomoyuki Maruyama and Toshitaka Tatsumi

We study the magnetic properties of quark matter in the Nambu–Jona-Lasinio model with the tensor interaction. The spin-polarized phase given by the tensor interaction survives even when the quark mass is zero, while that given by the axial-vector interaction disappears. There are two kinds of spin-p...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 096016] Published Tue Nov 21, 2017

Dual conformal symmetry, integration-by-parts reduction, differential equations, and the nonplanar sector


Author(s): Zvi Bern, Michael Enciso, Harald Ita, and Mao Zeng

We show that dual conformal symmetry, mainly studied in planar $\mathcal{N}=4$ super-Yang-Mills theory, has interesting consequences for Feynman integrals in nonsupersymmetric theories such as QCD, including the nonplanar sector. A simple observation is that dual conformal transformations preserve u...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 096017] Published Tue Nov 21, 2017

$B\overline{B}$ angular correlations at the LHC in the parton Reggeization approach merged with higher-order matrix elements


Author(s): A. V. Karpishkov, M. A. Nefedov, and V. A. Saleev

We calculate the angular distribution spectra between beauty ($B$) and antibeauty ($\overline{B}$) mesons in proton-proton collisions in the leading order approximation of the parton Reggeization approach consistently merged with the next-to-leading order corrections from the emission of an addition...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 096019] Published Tue Nov 21, 2017

Particle scattering and vacuum instability by exponential steps


Author(s): S. P. Gavrilov, D. M. Gitman, and A. A. Shishmarev

Particle scattering and vacuum instability in a constant inhomogeneous electric field of particular peak configuration that consists of two (exponentially increasing and exponentially decreasing) independent parts are studied. It presents a new kind of external field where exact solutions of the Dir...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 096020] Published Tue Nov 21, 2017

Hidden Markov model tracking of continuous gravitational waves from a binary neutron star with wandering spin. II. Binary orbital phase tracking


Author(s): S. Suvorova, P. Clearwater, A. Melatos, L. Sun, W. Moran, and R. J. Evans

A hidden Markov model (HMM) scheme for tracking continuous-wave gravitational radiation from neutron stars in low-mass x-ray binaries (LMXBs) with wandering spin is extended by introducing a frequency-domain matched filter, called the $\mathcal{J}$-statistic, which sums the signal power in orbital s...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 102006] Published Tue Nov 21, 2017

Using HAWC to discover invisible pulsars


Author(s): Tim Linden, Katie Auchettl, Joseph Bramante, Ilias Cholis, Ke Fang, Dan Hooper, Tanvi Karwal, and Shirley Weishi Li

Observations by HAWC and Milagro have detected bright and spatially extended TeV $γ$-ray sources surrounding the Geminga and Monogem pulsars. We argue that these observations, along with a substantial population of other extended TeV sources coincident with pulsar wind nebulae, constitute a new morp...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 103016] Published Tue Nov 21, 2017

Spin-flavor oscillations of ultrahigh-energy cosmic neutrinos in interstellar space: The role of neutrino magnetic moments


Author(s): Podist Kurashvili, Konstantin A. Kouzakov, Levan Chotorlishvili, and Alexander I. Studenikin

A theoretical analysis of possible influence of neutrino magnetic moments on the propagation of ultrahigh-energy cosmic neutrinos in the interstellar space is carried out under the assumption of two-neutrino mixing. The exact solution of the effective equation for neutrino evolution in the presence ...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 103017] Published Tue Nov 21, 2017

A unified approach to ${χ}^{2}$ discriminators for searches of gravitational waves from compact binary coalescences


Author(s): Sanjeev Dhurandhar, Anuradha Gupta, Bhooshan Gadre, and Sukanta Bose

We describe a general mathematical framework for ${χ}^{2}$ discriminators in the context of the compact binary coalescence (CBC) search. We show that with any ${χ}^{2}$ is associated a vector bundle over the signal manifold, that is, the manifold traced out by the signal waveforms in the function sp...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 103018] Published Tue Nov 21, 2017

Hybrid loop quantum cosmology and predictions for the cosmic microwave background


Author(s): Laura Castelló Gomar, Guillermo A. Mena Marugán, Daniel Martín de Blas, and Javier Olmedo

We investigate the consequences of the hybrid quantization approach for primordial perturbations in loop quantum cosmology, obtaining predictions for the cosmic microwave background and comparing them with data collected by the Planck mission. In this work, we complete previous studies about the sca...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 103528] Published Tue Nov 21, 2017

Hořava-Lifshitz bouncing Bianchi IX universes: A dynamical system analysis


Author(s): Rodrigo Maier and Ivano Damião Soares

We examine the Hamiltonian dynamics of bouncing Bianchi IX cosmologies with three scale factors in Hořava-Lifshitz (HL) gravity. We assume a positive cosmological constant plus noninteracting dust and radiation as the matter content of the models. In this framework the modified field equations conta...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 103532] Published Tue Nov 21, 2017

Primordial perturbations from inflation with a hyperbolic field-space


Author(s): Shuntaro Mizuno and Shinji Mukohyama

We study primordial perturbations from hyperinflation, proposed recently and based on a hyperbolic field-space. In the previous work, it was shown that the field-space angular momentum supported by the negative curvature modifies the background dynamics and enhances fluctuations of the scalar fields...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 103533] Published Tue Nov 21, 2017

Bounce universe and black holes from critical Einsteinian cubic gravity


Author(s): Xing-Hui Feng, Hyat Huang, Zhan-Feng Mai, and Hong Lü

We show that there exists a critical point for the coupling constants in Einsteinian cubic gravity in which the linearized equations on the maximally symmetric vacuum vanish identically. We construct an exact isotropic bounce universe in the critical theory in four dimensions. The comoving time runs...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 104034] Published Tue Nov 21, 2017

Dirac perturbations on Schwarzschild–anti–de Sitter spacetimes: Generic boundary conditions and new quasinormal modes


Author(s): Mengjie Wang (王梦杰), Carlos Herdeiro, and Jiliang Jing (荆继良)

We study Dirac quasinormal modes of Schwarzschild–anti–de Sitter (Schwarzschild-AdS) black holes, following the generic principle for allowed boundary conditions proposed in [M. Wang, C. Herdeiro, and M. O. P. Sampaio, Phys. Rev. D 92, 124006 (2015).]. After deriving the equations of motion for Dira...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 104035] Published Tue Nov 21, 2017

Horndeski extension of the minimal theory of quasidilaton massive gravity


Author(s): Antonio De Felice, Shinji Mukohyama, and Michele Oliosi

The minimal theory of quasidilaton massive gravity allows for a stable self-accelerating de Sitter solution in a wide range of parameters. On the other hand, in order for the theory to be compatible with local gravity tests, the fifth force due to the quasidilaton scalar needs to be screened at loca...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 104036] Published Tue Nov 21, 2017

Gravitomagnetic bending angle of light with finite-distance corrections in stationary axisymmetric spacetimes


Author(s): Toshiaki Ono, Asahi Ishihara, and Hideki Asada

By using the Gauss-Bonnet theorem, the bending angle of light in a static, spherically symmetric and asymptotically flat spacetime has been recently discussed, especially by taking account of the finite distance from a lens object to a light source and a receiver [Ishihara, Suzuki, Ono, Asada, Phys....

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 104037] Published Tue Nov 21, 2017

Bosonic tensor models at large $N$ and small $ε$


Author(s): Simone Giombi, Igor R. Klebanov, and Grigory Tarnopolsky

We study the spectrum of the large $N$ quantum field theory of bosonic rank-3 tensors, the quartic interactions of which are such that the perturbative expansion is dominated by the melonic diagrams. We use the Schwinger-Dyson equations to determine the scaling dimensions of the bilinear operators o...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 106014] Published Tue Nov 21, 2017

Search for neutron-antineutron oscillations at the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory


Author(s): B. Aharmim et al. (SNO Collaboration)

Neutron-antineutron oscillations in nature would violate baryon number and indicate a potential underlying mechanism for the observed matter-antimatter asymmetry. Sudbury Neutrino Observatory reports limits on neutron-antineutron oscillations for the first time in deuteron. These limits establish important constraints on beyond-the-Standard-Model scenarios that involve baryon-number violation.

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 092005] Published Mon Nov 20, 2017

New ${\mathrm{Ω}}_{c}^{0}$ baryons discovered by LHCb as the members of $1P$ and $2S$ states


Author(s): Bing Chen and Xiang Liu

Inspired by the recently observed ${\mathrm{Ω}}_{c}^{0}$ states at LHCb, we decode their properties by performing an analysis of their mass spectrum and decay behavior. Our studies show that the five narrow states, i.e., ${\mathrm{Ω}}_{c}(3000{)}^{0}$, ${\mathrm{Ω}}_{c}(3050{)}^{0}$, ${\mathrm{Ω}}_{...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 094015] Published Mon Nov 20, 2017

Deep inelastic scattering in the dipole picture at next-to-leading order


Author(s): B. Ducloué, H. Hänninen, T. Lappi, and Y. Zhu

We study quantitatively the importance of the recently derived next-to-leading-order corrections to the deep inelastic scattering structure functions at small $x$ in the dipole formalism. We show that these corrections can be significant and depend on the factorization scheme used to resum large log...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 094017] Published Mon Nov 20, 2017

Dark matter repulsion could thwart direct detection


Author(s): Hooman Davoudiasl

We consider a feeble repulsive interaction between ordinary matter and dark matter, with a range similar to or larger than the size of the Earth. Dark matter can thus be repelled from the Earth, leading to null results in direct detection experiments, regardless of the strength of the short-distance...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 095019] Published Mon Nov 20, 2017

Probing the pseudoscalar portal to dark matter via $\overline{b}bZ(→ℓℓ)+{\overline{)E}}_{T}$: From the LHC to the Galactic Center excess


Author(s): Patrick Tunney, Jose Miguel No, and Malcolm Fairbairn

We propose a new search for dark matter at the LHC, characteristic of scenarios beyond the Standard Model with a pseudoscalar portal between the visible and dark sectors. This search, leading to a $\overline{b}bZ(→ℓℓ)+{\overline{)E}}_{T}$ final state, reaches large regions of parameter space not pro...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 095020] Published Mon Nov 20, 2017

Reactor and atmospheric neutrino mixing angles’ correlation as a probe for new physics


Author(s): Pedro Pasquini

We perform a simulation on the DUNE experiment to probe the capability of future neutrino long-baseline experiments to constrain the parameter space of high-energy models by using the correlation between the atmospheric and reactor mixing angles. As an example, we analyze the tetrahedral flavor symm...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 095021] Published Mon Nov 20, 2017

Impact of a resonance on thermal targets for invisible dark photon searches


Author(s): Jonathan L. Feng and Jordan Smolinsky

Dark photons in the MeV to GeV mass range are important targets for experimental searches. We consider the case where dark photons ${A}^{′}$ decay invisibly to hidden dark matter $X$ through ${A}^{′}→XX$. For generic masses, proposed accelerator searches are projected to probe the thermal target reg...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 095022] Published Mon Nov 20, 2017

${L}_{μ}−{L}_{τ}$ gauge-boson production from lepton flavor violating $τ$ decays at Belle II


Author(s): Chuan-Hung Chen and Takaaki Nomura

${L}_{μ}−{L}_{τ}$ gauge boson (${Z}^{′}$) with a mass in the MeV to GeV region can resolve not only the muon $g−2$ excess, but also the gap in the high-energy cosmic neutrino spectrum at IceCube. It was recently proposed that such a light gauge boson can be detected during the Belle II experiment wi...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 095023] Published Mon Nov 20, 2017

Neutrino mass without lepton number violation, dark matter; and a strongly first-order phase transition


Author(s): Shinya Kanemura, Kodai Sakurai, and Hiroaki Sugiyama

We propose a model to explain the tiny masses of neutrinos with lepton number conservation, where neither too heavy particles beyond the TeV-scale nor tiny coupling constants are required. Assignments of conserving lepton numbers to new fields result in an unbroken ${Z}_{2}$ symmetry that stabilizes...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 095024] Published Mon Nov 20, 2017

Field theoretic perspectives of the Wigner function formulation of the chiral magnetic effect


Author(s): Yan Wu, De-fu Hou, and Hai-cang Ren

We assess the applicability of the Wigner function formulation in its present form to the chiral magnetic effect and note some issues regarding the conservation and the consistency of the electric current in the presence of an inhomogeneous and time-dependent axial chemical potential. The problems a...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 096015] Published Mon Nov 20, 2017

New method of computing the contributions of graphs without lepton loops to the electron anomalous magnetic moment in QED


Author(s): Sergey Volkov

This paper presents a new method of numerical computation of the mass-independent QED contributions to the electron anomalous magnetic moment which arise from Feynman graphs without closed electron loops. The method is based on a forestlike subtraction formula that removes all ultraviolet and infrar...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 096018] Published Mon Nov 20, 2017

Comment on “Lattice gluon and ghost propagators and the strong coupling in pure $SU(3)$ Yang-Mills theory: Finite lattice spacing and volume effects”


Author(s): Ph. Boucaud, F. De Soto, J. Rodríguez-Quintero, and S. Zafeiropoulos

The authors of [Phys. Rev. D 94, 014502 (2016)] reported about a careful analysis of the impact of lattice artifacts on the $SU(3)$ gauge-field propagators. In particular, they found that the low-momentum behavior of the renormalized propagators depends on the lattice bare coupling and interpreted t...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 098501] Published Mon Nov 20, 2017

Reply to “Comment on ‘Lattice gluon and ghost propagators and the strong coupling in pure $SU(3)$ Yang-Mills theory: Finite lattice spacing and volume effects’ ”


Author(s): Anthony G. Duarte, Orlando Oliveira, and Paulo J. Silva

The quenched gluon and ghost propagator data published in [Duarte et al. Phys. Rev. D 94, 014502 (2016).] is reanalyzed following the suggestion of [Boucaud et al. Phys. Rev. D 96, 098501 (2017).] to resolve the differences between the infrared data of the simulations. Our results confirm that the p...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 098502] Published Mon Nov 20, 2017

Condition on Ramond-Ramond fluxes for factorization of worldsheet scattering in anti–de Sitter space


Author(s): Linus Wulff

Factorization of scattering is the hallmark of integrable $1+1$ dimensional quantum field theories. For factorization of scattering to be possible the set of masses and momenta must be conserved in any two-to-two scattering process. We use this fact to constrain the form of the Ramond-Ramond fluxes ...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 101901(R)] Published Mon Nov 20, 2017

Astrophysical haloscopes


Author(s): Günter Sigl

We compute the fluxes of radio photons from conversion of axionlike particle dark matter in cosmic magnetic fields. We find that for axionlike particle masses around ${10}^{−6}\text{ }\text{ }\mathrm{eV}$ and effective coupling constants to photons ${g}_{aγ}≳{10}^{−13}\text{ }\text{ }{\mathrm{GeV}}^...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 103014] Published Mon Nov 20, 2017

Upper-twin-peak quasiperiodic oscillation in x-ray binaries and the energy from tidal circularization of relativistic orbits


Author(s): C. Germanà

High frequency quasiperiodic oscillations (HF QPOs) detected in the power spectra of low mass x-ray binaries (LMXBs) could unveil the fingerprints of gravitation in the strong field regime. Using the energy-momentum relation we calculate the energy a clump of plasma orbiting in the accretion disk re...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 103015] Published Mon Nov 20, 2017

No cosmic rays from curvature oscillations during structure formation in $F(R)$ gravity


Author(s): Dmitry Gorbunov and Anna Tokareva

The Starobinsky model of modified gravity suggested to explain dark energy may also be considered in the astrophysical context. Recently it has been pointed out that in contracting regions curvature oscillations around the general relativity (GR) value may lead to the production of high energy parti...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 103527] Published Mon Nov 20, 2017

Constraining interacting dark energy with CMB and BAO future surveys


Author(s): Larissa Santos, Wen Zhao, Elisa G. M. Ferreira, and Jerome Quintin

In this paper, we perform a forecast analysis to test the capacity of future baryon acoustic oscillation (BAO) and cosmic microwave background (CMB) experiments to constrain phenomenological interacting dark energy models using the Fisher matrix formalism. We consider a Euclid-like experiment, in wh...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 103529] Published Mon Nov 20, 2017

General relativistic corrections to the weak lensing convergence power spectrum


Author(s): John T. Giblin, Jr., James B. Mertens, Glenn D. Starkman, and Andrew R. Zentner

We compute the weak lensing convergence power spectrum, ${C}_{ℓ}^{κκ}$, in a dust-filled universe using fully nonlinear general relativistic simulations. The spectrum is then compared to more standard, approximate calculations by computing the Bardeen (Newtonian) potentials in linearized gravity and...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 103530] Published Mon Nov 20, 2017

Analytic approximation for the primordial spectra of single scalar potential models and its use in their reconstruction


Author(s): D. J. Brooker, N. C. Tsamis, and R. P. Woodard

We give final shape to a recent formalism for deriving the functional forms of the primordial power spectra of single-scalar potential models and theories which are related to them by conformal transformation. An excellent analytic approximation is derived for the nonlocal correction factors which a...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 103531] Published Mon Nov 20, 2017

Spacetime-bridge solutions in vacuum gravity


Author(s): Sandipan Sengupta

Vacuum spacetime solutions, which are representations of a bridgelike geometry, are constructed as purely geometric sources of curvature in gravity theory. These configurations satisfy the first-order equations of motion everywhere. Each of them consists of two identical sheets of asymptotically fla...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 104031] Published Mon Nov 20, 2017

Ghosts in extended quasidilaton theories


Author(s): Alexey Golovnev and Aleksandr Trukhin

We report on our independent investigations of the puzzle of cosmological perturbations in extended quasidilaton. We confirm the claims of presence of the Boulware-Deser ghost. We use both the language of cosmological perturbations with broken diffeomorphisms and the Stückelberg approach.

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 104032] Published Mon Nov 20, 2017

New method for enhanced efficiency in detection of gravitational waves from supernovae using coherent network of detectors


Author(s): S. Mukherjee, L. Salazar, J. Mittelstaedt, and O. Valdez

Supernovae in our universe are potential sources of gravitational waves (GW) that could be detected in a network of GW detectors like LIGO and Virgo. Core-collapse supernovae are rare, but the associated gravitational radiation is likely to carry profuse information about the underlying processes dr...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 104033] Published Mon Nov 20, 2017

Large gauge transformations and little group for soft photons


Author(s): Yuta Hamada, Min-Seok Seo, and Gary Shiu

Recently, large gauge transformation (LGT), the residual gauge symmetry after gauge fixing that survives at null infinity, has drawn much attention concerning soft theorems and the memory effect. We point out that LGT charges in quantum electrodynamics are in fact one of noncompact generators of the...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 105013] Published Mon Nov 20, 2017

Erratum: Black hole perturbation in the most general scalar-tensor theory with second-order field equations: The odd-parity sector [Phys. Rev. D 85, 084025 (2012)]


Author(s): Tsutomu Kobayashi, Hayato Motohashi, and Teruaki Suyama
[Phys. Rev. D 96, 109903] Published Mon Nov 20, 2017

Hyperon form factors and diquark correlations


Author(s): S. Dobbs, Kamal K. Seth, A. Tomaradze, T. Xiao, and G. Bonvicini

Using ${e}^{+}{e}^{−}$ annihilation data taken at the CESR collider with the CLEO-c detector, measurements of hyperon pair production cross sections and elastic and transition electromagnetic form factors have been made at the charmonium resonances: $ψ(2S)$, $\sqrt{s}=3.69\text{ }\text{ }\mathrm{GeV...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 092004] Published Fri Nov 17, 2017

Precision measurement of the $W$-boson mass: Theoretical contributions and uncertainties


Author(s): Carlo Michel Carloni Calame, Mauro Chiesa, Homero Martinez, Guido Montagna, Oreste Nicrosini, Fulvio Piccinini, and Alessandro Vicini

We perform a comprehensive analysis of electroweak, QED, and mixed QCD-electroweak corrections underlying the precise measurement of the $W$-boson mass ${M}_{W}$ at hadron colliders. By applying a template fitting technique, we detail the impact on ${M}_{W}$ of next-to-leading order electroweak and ...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 093005] Published Fri Nov 17, 2017

Towards the discovery of new physics with lepton-universality ratios of $b→sℓℓ$ decays


Author(s): Li-Sheng Geng, Benjamín Grinstein, Sebastian Jäger, Jorge Martin Camalich, Xiu-Lei Ren, and Rui-Xiang Shi

Tests of lepton-universality as rate ratios in $b→sℓℓ$ transitions can be predicted very accurately in the Standard Model. The deficits with respect to expectations reported by the LHCb experiment in muon-to-electron ratios of the $B→{K}^{(*)}ℓℓ$ decay rates thus point to genuine manifestations of l...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 093006] Published Fri Nov 17, 2017

Neutral weak form factors of proton and neutron


Author(s): Raza Sabbir Sufian

We determine the nucleon neutral weak electromagnetic form factors ${G}_{E,M}^{Z,p(n)}$ by combining results from light-front holographic QCD and lattice QCD calculations. We deduce nucleon electromagnetic form factors from light-front holographic QCD which provides a good parametrization of the exp...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 093007] Published Fri Nov 17, 2017

Nuclear modification of forward Drell-Yan production at the LHC


Author(s): B. Ducloué

Forward Drell-Yan production at high energy can provide important constraints on gluon densities at small $x$, in the saturation regime. In this work, we focus on the nuclear modification of this process, which could be measured at the LHC in the near future. For this, we employ the color dipole app...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 094014] Published Fri Nov 17, 2017

Casimir effect and deconfinement phase transition


Author(s): M. N. Chernodub, V. A. Goy, and A. V. Molochkov

We show that the Casimir effect may lead to a deconfinement phase transition induced by the presence of boundaries in confining gauge theories. Using first-principle numerical simulations we demonstrate this phenomenon in the simplest case of the compact lattice electrodynamics in two spatial dimens...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 094507] Published Fri Nov 17, 2017

Phenomenological analysis of an ${\mathrm{E}}_{6}$-inspired seesaw model


Author(s): Joshua P. Ellis and Raymond R. Volkas

We analyze the phenomenology of a model of neutrino masses inspired by unification in ${\mathrm{E}}_{6}$ in which the exotic neutrinos can be present at low scales. The model introduces vector-like isosinglet down-type quarks, vector-like isodoublet leptons, neutrino singlets and two ${Z}^{′}$ boson...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 095016] Published Fri Nov 17, 2017

Neutrino mass with large $SU(2{)}_{L}$ multiplet fields


Author(s): Takaaki Nomura and Hiroshi Okada

We propose an extension of the standard model introducing large $SU(2{)}_{L}$ multiplet fields which are quartet and septet scalars and quintet Majorana fermions. These multiplets can induce the neutrino masses via interactions with the $SU(2)$ doublet leptons. We then find the neutrino masses are s...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 095017] Published Fri Nov 17, 2017

Neutrino versus antineutrino oscillation parameters at DUNE and Hyper-Kamiokande experiments


Author(s): André de Gouvêa and Kevin J. Kelly

Testing, in a nontrivial, model-independent way, the hypothesis that the three-massive-neutrinos paradigm properly describes nature is among the main goals of the current and the next generation of neutrino oscillation experiments. In the coming decade, the DUNE and Hyper-Kamiokande experiments will...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 095018] Published Fri Nov 17, 2017

Edge states and thermodynamics of rotating relativistic fermions under magnetic field


Author(s): M. N. Chernodub and Shinya Gongyo

We discuss free Dirac fermions rotating uniformly inside a cylindrical cavity in the presence of background magnetic field parallel to the cylinder axis. We show that, in addition to the known bulk states, the system contains massive edge states with the masses inversely proportional to the radius o...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 096014] Published Fri Nov 17, 2017

HAWC observations strongly favor pulsar interpretations of the cosmic-ray positron excess


Author(s): Dan Hooper, Ilias Cholis, Tim Linden, and Ke Fang

Recent measurements of the Geminga and $\mathrm{B}0656+14$ pulsars by the gamma-ray telescope HAWC (along with earlier measurements by Milagro) indicate that these objects generate significant fluxes of very high-energy electrons. In this paper, we use the very high-energy gamma-ray intensity and sp...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 103013] Published Fri Nov 17, 2017

Second-order cosmological perturbations. I. Produced by scalar-scalar coupling in synchronous gauge


Author(s): Bo Wang and Yang Zhang

We present a systematic study of the 2nd-order scalar, vector, and tensor metric perturbations in the Einstein-de Sitter Universe in synchronous coordinates. For the scalar-scalar coupling between 1st-order perturbations, we decompose the 2nd-order perturbed Einstein equation into the respective fie...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 103522] Published Fri Nov 17, 2017

Second-order cosmological perturbations. II. Produced by scalar-tensor and tensor-tensor couplings


Author(s): Yang Zhang, Fei Qin, and Bo Wang

We study the second-order perturbations in the Einstein-de Sitter Universe in synchronous coordinates. We solve the second-order perturbed Einstein equation with scalar-tensor and tensor-tensor couplings between 1st-order perturbations, and obtain, for each coupling, the solutions of scalar, vector,...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 103523] Published Fri Nov 17, 2017

Natural inflation from polymer quantization


Author(s): Masooma Ali and Sanjeev S. Seahra

We study the polymer quantization of a homogeneous massive scalar field in the early Universe using a prescription inequivalent to those previously appearing in the literature. Specifically, we assume a Hilbert space for which the scalar field momentum is well defined but its amplitude is not. This ...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 103524] Published Fri Nov 17, 2017

Fundamental physics from future weak-lensing calibrated Sunyaev-Zel’dovich galaxy cluster counts


Author(s): Mathew S. Madhavacheril, Nicholas Battaglia, and Hironao Miyatake

Future high-resolution measurements of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) will produce catalogs of tens of thousands of galaxy clusters through the thermal Sunyaev-Zel’dovich (tSZ) effect. We forecast how well different configurations of a CMB Stage-4 experiment can constrain cosmological paramet...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 103525] Published Fri Nov 17, 2017

Gauged Q-ball decay rates into fermions


Author(s): Jeong-Pyong Hong and Masahiro Kawasaki

We derive the decay rate of a gauged Q-ball into fermions, applying the leading semiclassical approximation. We find that more particles come out from the surface of a gauged Q-ball, compared to the case of a global Q-ball, due to the electric repulsion. We show, however, that the decay rate of a ga...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 103526] Published Fri Nov 17, 2017

Post-Newtonian parameters $γ$ and $β$ of scalar-tensor gravity for a homogeneous gravitating sphere


Author(s): Manuel Hohmann and Andreas Schärer

We calculate the parameters $γ$ and $β$ in the parametrized post-Newtonian (PPN) formalism for scalar-tensor gravity (STG) with an arbitrary potential, under the assumption that the source matter is given by a nonrotating sphere of constant density, pressure, and internal energy. For our calculation...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 104026] Published Fri Nov 17, 2017

Projected constraints on the dispersion of gravitational waves using advanced ground- and space-based interferometers


Author(s): Anuradha Samajdar and K. G. Arun

Certain alternative theories of gravity predict that gravitational waves will disperse as they travel from the source to the observer. The recent binary black hole observations by Advanced-LIGO have set limits on a modified dispersion relation from the constraints on their effects on gravitational-w...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 104027] Published Fri Nov 17, 2017

Nonsingular black holes, wormholes, and de Sitter cores from anisotropic fluids


Author(s): Cintia C. Menchon, Gonzalo J. Olmo, and Diego Rubiera-Garcia

We study Born-Infeld gravity coupled to an anisotropic fluid in a static, spherically symmetric background. The free function characterizing the fluid is selected on the following grounds: i) recovery of the Reissner-Nordström solution of General Relativity at large distances, ii) fulfillment of cla...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 104028] Published Fri Nov 17, 2017

Deducing cosmological observables from the $S$ matrix


Author(s): S. P. Miao, T. Prokopec, and R. P. Woodard

We study one loop quantum gravitational corrections to the long range force induced by the exchange of a massless scalar between two massive scalars. The various diagrams contributing to the flat space $S$ matrix are evaluated in a general covariant gauge, and we show that dependence on the gauge pa...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 104029] Published Fri Nov 17, 2017

General relativistic observable for gravitational astrometry in the context of the Gaia mission and beyond


Author(s): Mariateresa Crosta, Andrea Geralico, Mario G. Lattanzi, and Alberto Vecchiato

With the launch of the Gaia mission, general relativity (GR) is now at the very core of astrometry. Given the high level of accuracy of the measurements, the development of a suitable relativistic model for carrying out the correct data processing and analysis has become a critical necessity; its pr...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 104030] Published Fri Nov 17, 2017

Density response and collective modes of semiholographic non-Fermi liquids


Author(s): Benoit Douçot, Christian Ecker, Ayan Mukhopadhyay, and Giuseppe Policastro

Semiholographic models of non-Fermi liquids have been shown to have generically stable generalized quasiparticles on the Fermi surface. Although these excitations are broad and exhibit particle-hole asymmetry, they were argued to be stable from interactions at the Fermi surface. In this work, we use...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 106011] Published Fri Nov 17, 2017

Butterfly effect in 3D gravity


Author(s): Mohammad M. Qaemmaqami

We study the butterfly effect by considering shock wave solutions near the horizon of the anti–de Sitter black hole in some three-dimensional gravity models including 3D Einstein gravity, minimal massive 3D gravity, new massive gravity, generalized massive gravity, Born-Infeld 3D gravity, and new bi...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 106012] Published Fri Nov 17, 2017

Exponential suppression of the cosmological constant in nonsupersymmetric string vacua at two loops and beyond


Author(s): Steven Abel and Richard J. Stewart

Two independent criteria are presented that together guarantee exponential suppression of the two-loop cosmological constant in nonsupersymmetric heterotic strings. They are derived by performing calculations in both the full string theory and in its effective field theory, and come respectively fro...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 106013] Published Fri Nov 17, 2017

Measurement of the inclusive-isolated prompt-photon cross section in $p\overline{p}$ collisions using the full CDF data set


Author(s): T. Aaltonen et al. (The CDF Collaboration)

A measurement of the inclusive production cross section of isolated prompt photons in proton-antiproton collisions at center-of-mass energy $\sqrt{s}=1.96\text{ }\text{ }\mathrm{TeV}$ is presented. The results are obtained using the full Run II data sample collected with the Collider Detector at the...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 092003] Published Thu Nov 16, 2017

Color dipole picture at low-$x$ DIS: The mass range of active photon fluctuations


Author(s): Masaaki Kuroda and Dieter Schildknecht

We investigate the mass range of the quark-antiquark fluctuations of the photon that are active in producing the total photoabsorption cross section in the color dipole picture, emphasizing the notions of color transparency and saturation. We consider the implications of measurements at future exten...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 094013] Published Thu Nov 16, 2017

Surmounting the sign problem in nonrelativistic calculations: A case study with mass-imbalanced fermions


Author(s): Lukas Rammelmüller, William J. Porter, Joaquín E. Drut, and Jens Braun

The calculation of the ground state and thermodynamics of mass-imbalanced Fermi systems is a challenging many-body problem. Even in one spatial dimension, analytic solutions are limited to special configurations and numerical progress with standard Monte Carlo approaches is hindered by the sign prob...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 094506] Published Thu Nov 16, 2017

Demystifying the compressed top squark region with kinematic variables


Author(s): Partha Konar, Tanmoy Mondal, and Abhaya Kumar Swain

The ongoing perplexing scenario with no hints of new physics at the Large Hadron Collider can be elucidated amicably if the exotic particle spectrum in many of the well-motivated theoretical models possesses degenerate mass. We investigate the usefulness of different kinematic variables sensitive to...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 095011] Published Thu Nov 16, 2017

Partially composite Goldstone Higgs boson


Author(s): Tommi Alanne, Diogo Buarque Franzosi, and Mads T. Frandsen

We consider a model of dynamical electroweak symmetry breaking with a partially composite Goldstone Higgs boson. The model is based on a strongly interacting fermionic sector coupled to a fundamental scalar sector via Yukawa interactions. The $\mathrm{SU}(4)×\mathrm{SU}(4)$ global symmetry of these ...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 095012] Published Thu Nov 16, 2017

Six-Higgs-doublet model for dark matter


Author(s): Mohammad Alakhras, Nidal Chamoun, Xue-Lei Chen, Chao-Shang Huang, and Chun Liu

We consider an extension of the Higgs sector in the standard model with six Higgs doublets. The gauge couplings are unified without supersymmetry in this model. The lightest of the extra Higgs particles, being stabilized by a discrete symmetry imposed from the outset, presents a plausible candidate ...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 095013] Published Thu Nov 16, 2017

Neutrinos in large extra dimensions and short-baseline ${ν}_{e}$ appearance


Author(s): Marcela Carena, Ying-Ying Li, Camila S. Machado, Pedro A. N. Machado, and Carlos E. M. Wagner

We show that, in the presence of bulk masses, sterile neutrinos propagating in large extra dimensions (LED) can induce electron-neutrino appearance effects. This is in contrast to what happens in the standard LED scenario, and hence LED models with explicit bulk masses have the potential to address ...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 095014] Published Thu Nov 16, 2017

Neutrino mass generation and leptogenesis via pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone Higgs portal


Author(s): Tommi Alanne, Aurora Meroni, and Kimmo Tuominen

We consider an extension of the Standard Model with the global symmetry-breaking pattern $\mathrm{SO}(5)/\mathrm{SO}(4)$, where the Higgs boson arises as a pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone boson. The scalar content of the theory consists of a Standard-Model-like Higgs field and an extra real scalar field. The...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 095015] Published Thu Nov 16, 2017

Nuclear structure of bound states of asymmetric dark matter


Author(s): Moira I. Gresham, Hou Keong Lou, and Kathryn M. Zurek

Models of asymmetric dark matter (ADM) with a sufficiently attractive and long-range force give rise to stable bound objects, analogous to nuclei in the Standard Model, called nuggets. We study the properties of these nuggets and compute their profiles and binding energies. Our approach, applicable ...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 096012] Published Thu Nov 16, 2017

Modification of the masses of the lightest neutral mesons in a hadronic medium under an external magnetic field


Author(s): R. M. Aguirre

The effective masses of the neutral mesons in a hadronic medium and under an external magnetic field are evaluated as functions of the baryonic density and the field intensity. For this purpose, the meson polarization is evaluated in the one-loop approximation using a quantum hadrodynamics model whi...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 096013] Published Thu Nov 16, 2017

Erratum: Understanding $X(3862)$, $X(3872)$, and $X(3930)$ in a Friedrichs-model-like scheme [Phys. Rev. D 96, 054031 (2017)]


Author(s): Zhi-Yong Zhou and Zhiguang Xiao
[Phys. Rev. D 96, 099905] Published Thu Nov 16, 2017

Averaged energy conditions and bouncing universes


Author(s): Massimo Giovannini

The dynamics of bouncing universes is characterized by violating certain coordinate-invariant restrictions on the total energy-momentum tensor, customarily referred to as energy conditions. Although there could be epochs in which the null energy condition is locally violated, it may perhaps be enfor...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 101302(R)] Published Thu Nov 16, 2017

Measurement of Hubble constant with stellar-mass binary black holes


Author(s): Atsushi Nishizawa

The direct detections of gravitational waves (GW) from merging binary black holes (BBH) by aLIGO have brought us a new opportunity to utilize BBH for a measurement of the Hubble constant. In this paper, we point out that there exists a small number of BBH that gives significantly small sky localizat...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 101303(R)] Published Thu Nov 16, 2017

Curved Witten-Dijkgraaf-Verlinde-Verlinde equation and $\mathcal{N}=4$ mechanics


Author(s): Nikolay Kozyrev, Sergey Krivonos, Olaf Lechtenfeld, Armen Nersessian, and Anton Sutulin

We propose a generalization of the Witten-Dijkgraaf-Verlinde-Verlinde (WDVV) equation from ${\mathbb{R}}^{n}$ to an arbitrary Riemannian manifold. Its form is obtained by extending the relation of the WDVV equation with $\mathcal{N}=4$ supersymmetric $n$-dimensional mechanics from flat to curved spa...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 101702(R)] Published Thu Nov 16, 2017

Quantum time: Experimental multitime correlations


Author(s): Ekaterina Moreva, Marco Gramegna, Giorgio Brida, Lorenzo Maccone, and Marco Genovese

In this paper we provide an experimental illustration of Page and Wootters’ quantum time mechanism that is able to describe two-time quantum correlation functions. This allows us to test a Leggett-Garg inequality, showing a violation from the “internal” observer point of view. The “external” observe...

[Phys. Rev. D 96, 102005] Published Thu Nov 16, 2017