Preview: Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. D
Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. D
Recent articles in Physical Review D
Published: 2017-01-13T16:08:10-05:00
Pomeron-Odderon interactions in a Reggeon field theory
2017-01-13T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Jochen Bartels, Carlos Contreras, and Gian Paolo Vacca
In this paper we extend our recent nonperturbative functional renormalization group analysis of Reggeon field theory to the interactions of Pomeron and Odderon fields. We establish the existence of a fixed point and its universal properties, which exhibits a novel symmetry structure in the space of …
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 014013] Published Fri Jan 13, 2017
Medium-induced gluon radiation in hard forward parton scattering in the saturation formalism
2017-01-13T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Stéphane Munier, Stéphane Peigné, and Elena Petreska
We derive the medium-induced, fully coherent soft gluon radiation spectrum associated with the hard forward scattering of an energetic parton off a nucleus, in the saturation formalism within the Gaussian approximation for the relevant correlators of Wilson lines and for finite number of colors. The…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 014014] Published Fri Jan 13, 2017
Exploring detection of nuclearites in a large liquid scintillator neutrino detector
2017-01-13T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Wan-Lei Guo, Cheng-Jun Xia, Tao Lin, and Zhi-Min Wang
We take the JUNO experiment as an example to explore nuclearites in the future large liquid scintillator detector. Comparing to the previous calculations, the visible energy of nuclearites across the liquid scintillator will be reestimated for the liquid scintillator based detector. Then the JUNO se…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 015010] Published Fri Jan 13, 2017
Self-similar scalar field collapse
2017-01-13T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Narayan Banerjee and Soumya Chakrabarti
A spherically symmetric collapsing scalar field model is discussed with a dissipative fluid which includes a heat flux. This vastly general matter distribution is analyzed at the expense of a high degree of symmetry in the space-time, that of conformal flatness and self-similarity. Indeed collapsing…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 024015] Published Fri Jan 13, 2017
Constraints on the symmetry noninheriting scalar black hole hair
2017-01-13T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Ivica Smolić
Any recipe to grow black hole hair has to circumvent no-hair theorems by violating some of their assumptions. Recently discovered hairy black hole solutions exist due to the fact that their scalar fields don’t inherit the symmetries of the spacetime metric. We present here a general analysis of the …
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 024016] Published Fri Jan 13, 2017
1/c expansion of nonminimally coupled curvature-matter gravity models and constraints from planetary precession
2017-01-13T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Riccardo March, Jorge Páramos, Orfeu Bertolami, and Simone Dell’Agnello
The effects of a nonminimally coupled curvature-matter model of gravity on a perturbed Minkowski metric are presented. The action functional of the model involves two functions f^{1}(R) and f^{2}(R) of the Ricci scalar curvature R. This work expands upon previous results, extending the framework dev…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 024017] Published Fri Jan 13, 2017
Supersymmetric Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev models
2017-01-13T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Wenbo Fu, Davide Gaiotto, Juan Maldacena, and Subir Sachdev
We discuss a supersymmetric generalization of the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev (SYK) model. These are quantum mechanical models involving N Majorana fermions. The supercharge is given by a polynomial expression in terms of the Majorana fermions with random coefficients. The Hamiltonian is the square of the sup…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 026009] Published Fri Jan 13, 2017
Knot invariants and M-theory: Hitchin equations, Chern-Simons actions, and surface operators
2017-01-13T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Keshav Dasgupta, Verónica Errasti Díez, P. Ramadevi, and Radu Tatar
Recently Witten introduced a type IIB brane construction with certain boundary conditions to study knot invariants and Khovanov homology. The essential ingredients used in his work are the topologically twisted N=4 Yang-Mills theory, localization equations and surface operators. In this paper we ext…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 026010] Published Fri Jan 13, 2017
Tomographic image of the proton
2017-01-12T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): R. Dupré, M. Guidal, and M. Vanderhaeghen
We have carried out a phenomenological analysis of the latest deep virtual Compton scattering experimental data based on the generalized parton distribution formalism. This allows us to extract the dependence of the spatial size of the proton on the quark’s longitudinal momentum. This results in the…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 011501(R)] Published Thu Jan 12, 2017
Cosmological relaxation and high scale inflation
2017-01-12T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Tetsutaro Higaki, Naoyuki Takeda, and Yusuke Yamada
The relaxion mechanism elegantly solves the Higgs hierarchy problem, but it requires that the early Universe experiences a long inflation phase with a small energy scale since the settle down of the relaxion needs to take place during inflation. In this paper, unlike the original one, we consider an…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 015009] Published Thu Jan 12, 2017
Improved constraints on the dark energy equation of state using Gaussian processes
2017-01-12T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Deng Wang and Xin-He Meng
We perform a comprehensive study of the dark energy equation of state (EoS) utilizing the model-independent Gaussian processes (GP). Using a combination of the Union 2.1 data set, the 30 newly added H(z) cosmic chronometer data points and Planck’s shift parameter, we modify the usual GaPP code and p…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 023508] Published Thu Jan 12, 2017
Do spikes persist in a quantum treatment of spacetime singularities?
2017-01-12T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Ewa Czuchry, David Garfinkle, John R. Klauder, and Włodzimierz Piechocki
The classical approach to spacetime singularities leads to a simplified dynamics in which spatial derivatives become unimportant compared to time derivatives, and thus each spatial point essentially becomes uncoupled from its neighbors. This uncoupled dynamics leads to sharp features (called “spikes…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 024014] Published Thu Jan 12, 2017
Amplitude analysis of B^{+} →J/ψϕK^{+} decays
2017-01-11T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): R. Aaij
et al. (LHCb Collaboration)
The LHCb collaboration has identified four new structures in B+ decays that are likely to be tetraquark states. These tetraquark systems contain neither of the light $u$ and $d$ quarks.
(image)
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 012002] Published Wed Jan 11, 2017
Meson-baryon effective chiral Lagrangians at order p^{4}
2017-01-11T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Shao-Zhou Jiang, Qing-Sen Chen, and Yan-Rui Liu
We construct the three-flavor Lorentz-invariant meson-baryon chiral Lagrangians at the order p^{4}, with which a full one-loop investigation may be performed. One obtains 540 independent terms. The processes with the minimal number of mesons and photons to which this order of Lagrangians may contrib…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 014012] Published Wed Jan 11, 2017
Diphoton signal via Chern-Simons interaction in a warped geometry scenario
2017-01-11T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Nabarun Chakrabarty, Biswarup Mukhopadhyaya, and Soumitra SenGupta
The Kalb-Ramond field, identifiable with bulk torsion in a five-dimensional Randall Sundrum (RS) scenario, has Chern-Simons interactions with gauge bosons, from the requirement of gauge anomaly cancellation. Its lowest Kaluza Klein (KK) mode on the visible 3-brane can be identified with a spin-0 CP-…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 015007] Published Wed Jan 11, 2017
Protophobic light vector boson as a mediator to the dark sector
2017-01-11T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Teppei Kitahara and Yasuhiro Yamamoto
The observation of a protophobic 16.7 MeV vector boson has been reported by a ^{8}Be nuclear transition experiment. Such a new particle could mediate between the Standard Model and a dark sector, which includes the dark matter. In this paper, we show some simple models of the dark matter which satis…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 015008] Published Wed Jan 11, 2017
Remarks on asymptotic symmetries and the subleading soft photon theorem
2017-01-11T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Eduardo Conde and Pujian Mao
A deep connection has been recently established between soft theorems and symmetries at null infinity in gravity and gauge theories, recasting the former as Ward identities of the latter. In particular, different orders (in the frequency of the soft particle) in the soft theorems are believed to be …
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 021701(R)] Published Wed Jan 11, 2017
Pulsar timing can constrain primordial black holes in the LIGO mass window
2017-01-11T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Katelin Schutz and Adrian Liu
The recent discovery of gravitational waves from merging black holes has generated interest in primordial black holes as a possible component of dark matter. In this paper, we show that pulsar timing may soon have sufficient data to constrain 1–1000 M_{⊙} primordial black holes (PBHs) via the nonde…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 023002] Published Wed Jan 11, 2017
Asteroseismic constraints on asymmetric dark matter: Light particles with an effective spin-dependent coupling
2017-01-11T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): André Martins, Ilídio Lopes, and Jordi Casanellas
So far, direct detection searches have come up empty handed in their quest for dark matter (DM). Meanwhile, asteroseismology arises as a complementary tool to study DM, as its accumulation in a star can enhance energy transport by providing a conduction mechanism, producing significant changes in th…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 023507] Published Wed Jan 11, 2017
Self-accelerating universe in modified gravity with dynamical torsion
2017-01-11T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): V. Nikiforova, S. Randjbar-Daemi, and V. Rubakov
We consider a model belonging to the class of gravities with dynamical torsion. The model is free of ghosts and gradient instabilities about Minkowski and torsionless Einstein backgrounds. We find that at zero cosmological constant, the model admits a self-accelerating solution with a non-Riemannian…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 024013] Published Wed Jan 11, 2017
Spatially modulated instabilities for scaling solutions at finite charge density
2017-01-11T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Sera Cremonini
We consider finite charge density geometries which interpolate between AdS_{2}×R^{2} in the infrared and AdS_{4} in the ultraviolet, while traversing an intermediate regime of anisotropic Lifshitz scaling and hyperscaling violation. We work with Einstein-Maxwell-dilaton models and only turn on a bac…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 026007] Published Wed Jan 11, 2017
One-loop tests of the supersymmetric higher spin AdS_{4} /CFT_{3} correspondence
2017-01-11T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Yi Pang, Ergin Sezgin, and Yaodong Zhu
We compute one-loop free energy for D=4 Vasiliev higher spin gravities based on Konstein-Vasiliev algebras hu(m;n|4), ho(m;n|4), or husp(m;n|4) and subject to higher spin-preserving boundary conditions, which are conjectured to be dual to the U(N), O(N) or USp(N) singlet sectors, respectively, of fr…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 026008] Published Wed Jan 11, 2017
Observation of the decay B_{s}^{0} →ϕπ^{+} π^{−} and evidence for B^{0} →ϕπ^{+} π^{−}
2017-01-10T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): R. Aaij
et al. (LHCb Collaboration)
The first observation of the rare decay B_{s}^{0}→ϕπ^{+}π^{−} and evidence for B^{0}→ϕπ^{+}π^{−} are reported, using pp collision data recorded by the LHCb detector at center-of-mass energies sqrt[s]=7 and 8 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3 fb^{−1}. The branching fractions in the…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 012006] Published Tue Jan 10, 2017
Single spin asymmetry in forward pA collisions. II. Fragmentation contribution
2017-01-10T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Yoshitaka Hatta, Bo-Wen Xiao, Shinsuke Yoshida, and Feng Yuan
We compute the twist-three fragmentation contribution to the transverse single spin asymmetry (SSA) in light hadron production p^{↑}p→hX and p^{↑}A→hX including the gluon saturation effect in the unpolarized nucleon/nucleus. Together with the results in our previous paper, this completes the full ev…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 014008] Published Tue Jan 10, 2017
Structure of pentaquarks P_{c}^{+} in the chiral quark model
2017-01-10T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Gang Yang, Jialun Ping, and Fan Wang
The recent experimental results of the LHCb Collaboration suggested the existence of pentaquark states with a charmonium. To understand the structure of the states, a dynamical calculation of 5-quark systems with quantum numbers IJ^{P}=1/2(1/2)^{±}, 1/2(3/2)^{±} and 1/2(5/2)^{±} is performed in the …
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 014010] Published Tue Jan 10, 2017
Analysis of nucleon electromagnetic form factors from light-front holographic QCD: The spacelike region
2017-01-10T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Raza Sabbir Sufian, Guy F. de Téramond, Stanley J. Brodsky, Alexandre Deur, and Hans Günter Dosch
We present a comprehensive analysis of the spacelike nucleon electromagnetic form factors and their flavor decomposition within the framework of light-front (LF) holographic QCD (LFHQCD) We show that the inclusion of the higher Fock components |qqqqq[over ¯]⟩ has a significant effect on the spin-fli…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 014011] Published Tue Jan 10, 2017
In-medium dispersion relations of charmonia studied by the maximum entropy method
2017-01-10T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Atsuro Ikeda, Masayuki Asakawa, and Masakiyo Kitazawa
We study in-medium spectral properties of charmonia in the vector and pseudoscalar channels at nonzero momenta on quenched lattices, especially focusing on their dispersion relation and the weight of the peak. We measure the lattice Euclidean correlation functions with nonzero momenta on the anisotr…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 014504] Published Tue Jan 10, 2017
Sphalerons in composite and nonstandard Higgs models
2017-01-10T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Michael Spannowsky and Carlos Tamarit
After the discovery of the Higgs boson and the rather precise measurement of all electroweak boson’s masses the local structure of the electroweak symmetry breaking potential is already quite well established. However, despite being a key ingredient to a fundamental understanding of the underlying m…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 015006] Published Tue Jan 10, 2017
The holographic supersymmetric Casimir energy
2017-01-10T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Pietro Benetti Genolini, Davide Cassani, Dario Martelli, and James Sparks
The Casimir effect is a measure of the vacuum energy of a quantum field theory. For a certain class of supersymmetric superconformal field theories in four dimensions, the authors compute the holographic Casimir energy using gravity solutions, and show that it matches the field theory calculations, which is in accord to the AdS/CFT correspondence.
(image)
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 021902(R)] Published Tue Jan 10, 2017
Audio-band coating thermal noise measurement for Advanced LIGO with a multimode optical resonator
2017-01-10T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): S. Gras, H. Yu, W. Yam, D. Martynov, and M. Evans
In modern high precision optical instruments, such as in gravitational wave detectors or frequency references, thermally induced fluctuations in the reflective coatings can be a limiting noise source. This noise, known as coating thermal noise, can be reduced by choosing materials with low mechanica…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 022001] Published Tue Jan 10, 2017
Constraints on a scale-dependent bias from galaxy clustering
2017-01-10T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): L. Amendola, E. Menegoni, C. Di Porto, M. Corsi, and E. Branchini
We forecast the future constraints on scale-dependent parametrizations of galaxy bias and their impact on the estimate of cosmological parameters from the power spectrum of galaxies measured in a spectroscopic redshift survey. For the latter we assume a wide survey at relatively large redshifts, sim…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 023505] Published Tue Jan 10, 2017
Inflation and cyclotron motion
2017-01-10T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Jeff Greensite
We consider, in the context of a braneworld cosmology, the motion of the Universe coupled to a four-form gauge field, with constant field strength, defined in higher dimensions. It is found, under rather general initial conditions, that in this situation there is a period of exponential inflation co…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 023506] Published Tue Jan 10, 2017
Natural broadening in the quantum emission spectra of higher-dimensional Schwarzschild black holes
2017-01-10T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Shahar Hod
Following an intriguing heuristic argument of Bekenstein, many researches have suggested during the last four decades that quantized black holes may be characterized by discrete radiation spectra. Bekenstein and Mukhanov (BM) have further argued that the emission spectra of quantized (3+1)-dimension…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 024012] Published Tue Jan 10, 2017
Renormalized stress-energy tensor for stationary black holes
2017-01-10T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Adam Levi
We continue the presentation of the pragmatic mode-sum regularization (PMR) method for computing the renormalized stress-energy tensor (RSET). We show in detail how to employ the t-splitting variant of the method, which was first presented for ⟨ϕ^{2}⟩_{ren}, to compute the RSET in a stationary, asym…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 025007] Published Tue Jan 10, 2017
Standard model vacuum decay with gravity
2017-01-10T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Arttu Rajantie and Stephen Stopyra
We present a calculation of the decay rate of the electroweak vacuum, fully including all gravitational effects and a possible nonminimal Higgs-curvature coupling ξ, and using the three-loop Standard Model effective potential. Without a nonminimal coupling, we find that the effect of the gravitation…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 025008] Published Tue Jan 10, 2017
Saturating the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy bound with initial data sets for gravitational collapse
2017-01-10T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Sina Bahrami
It is possible to find initial states for gravitational collapse whose entropy approximately saturates the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy of the final black hole. The prototypical example of such a state is that envisaged by Zurek and Thorne, and also by Susskind: for a black hole of mass M, a number ∼M…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 026006] Published Tue Jan 10, 2017
Measurement of top quark polarization in tt [over ¯] lepton+jets final states
2017-01-09T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): V. M. Abazov
et al. (D0 Collaboration)
We present a measurement of top quark polarization in tt[over ¯] pair production in pp[over ¯] collisions at sqrt[s]=1.96 TeV using data corresponding to 9.7 fb^{−1} of integrated luminosity recorded with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. We consider final states containing a lept…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 011101(R)] Published Mon Jan 09, 2017
Search for flavor-changing nonstandard neutrino interactions using ν_{e} appearance in MINOS
2017-01-09T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): P. Adamson
et al. (MINOS Collaboration)
We report new constraints on flavor-changing nonstandard neutrino interactions from the MINOS long-baseline experiment using ν_{e} and ν[over ¯]_{e} appearance candidate events from predominantly ν_{μ} and ν[over ¯]_{μ} beams. We used a statistical selection algorithm to separate ν_{e} candidates fr…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 012005] Published Mon Jan 09, 2017
Scaling violation and the magnetic equation of state in chiral models
2017-01-09T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Gábor András Almási, Wojciech Tarnowski, Bengt Friman, and Krzysztof Redlich
The scaling behavior of the order parameter at the chiral phase transition, the so-called magnetic equation of state, of strongly interacting matter is studied within effective models. We explore universal and nonuniversal structures near the critical point. These include the scaling functions, the …
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 014007] Published Mon Jan 09, 2017
Gribov horizon and Gribov copies effect in lattice Coulomb gauge
2017-01-09T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Giuseppe Burgio, Markus Quandt, Hugo Reinhardt, and Hannes Vogt
Following a recent proposal by Cooper and Zwanziger, we investigate via SU(2) lattice simulations the effect on the Coulomb gauge propagators and on the Gribov-Zwanziger confinement mechanism of selecting the Gribov copy with the smallest nontrivial eigenvalue of the Faddeev-Popov operator, i.e., th…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 014503] Published Mon Jan 09, 2017
Supersymmetric models on magnetized orbifolds with flux-induced Fayet-Iliopoulos terms
2017-01-09T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Hiroyuki Abe, Tatsuo Kobayashi, Keigo Sumita, and Yoshiyuki Tatsuta
We study supersymmetric (SUSY) models derived from the ten-dimensional SUSY Yang-Mills theory compactified on magnetized orbifolds, with nonvanishing Fayet-Iliopoulos (FI) terms induced by magnetic fluxes in extra dimensions. Allowing the presence of FI-terms relaxes a constraint on flux configurati…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 015005] Published Mon Jan 09, 2017
Consistency relations for large-scale structures with primordial non-Gaussianities
2017-01-09T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Patrick Valageas, Atsushi Taruya, and Takahiro Nishimichi
We investigate how the consistency relations of large-scale structures are modified when the initial density field is not Gaussian. We consider both scenarios where the primordial density field can be written as a nonlinear functional of a Gaussian field and more general scenarios where the probabil…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 023504] Published Mon Jan 09, 2017
Loop quantum gravity, exact holographic mapping, and holographic entanglement entropy
2017-01-09T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Muxin Han and Ling-Yan Hung
The relation between loop quantum gravity (LQG) and tensor networks is explored from the perspectives of the bulk-boundary duality and holographic entanglement entropy. We find that the LQG spin-network states in a space Σ with boundary ∂Σ is an exact holographic mapping similar to the proposal in […
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 024011] Published Mon Jan 09, 2017
Inclusive search for supersymmetry using razor variables in pp collisions at sqrt[s] =13 TeV
2017-01-06T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): V. Khachatryan
et al. (CMS Collaboration)
An inclusive search for supersymmetry using razor variables is performed in events with four or more jets and no more than one lepton. The results are based on a sample of proton-proton collisions corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 2.3 fb^{−1} collected with the CMS experiment at a center…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 012003] Published Fri Jan 06, 2017
Higgs bosons at high p_{T}
2017-01-06T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Tobias Neumann and Ciaran Williams
We present a calculation of H+j at next-to-leading order including the effect of a finite top mass. Where possible we include the complete dependence on m_{t}. This includes the leading order amplitude, the infrared poles of the two-loop amplitude and the real radiation amplitude. The remaining fini…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 014004] Published Fri Jan 06, 2017
ϕϕ and J/ψϕ mass spectra in decay B_{s}^{0} →J/ψϕϕ
2017-01-06T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): A. A. Kozhevnikov
The mass spectra of the ϕϕ and J/ψϕ states in the decay B_{s}^{0}→J/ψϕϕ recently observed by LHCb are calculated in the model which takes into account the J^{P}=0^{+},0^{−},2^{+} intermediate resonances R_{1}, R_{2} in the ϕϕ channel and the J^{P}=1^{+} ones, X_{1}, X_{2}, in the J/ψϕ channel. When …
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 014005] Published Fri Jan 06, 2017
J/ψN interactions revisited and Λ_{b}^{0} →J/ψK^{−} (π^{−} )p decays
2017-01-06T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): C. W. Xiao
Recently LHCb experiments confirmed the findings of the two P_{c} states in the Λ_{b}^{0}→J/ψpπ^{−} decays. In the present work, we investigate both the Λ_{b}^{0}→J/ψK^{−}p and the Λ_{b}^{0}→J/ψpπ^{−} decays, continuing the investigations of our former works on the interactions of J/ψN with its coup…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 014006] Published Fri Jan 06, 2017
Singlet model interference effects with high scale UV physics
2017-01-06T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): S. Dawson and I. M. Lewis
One of the simplest extensions of the Standard Model (SM) is the addition of a scalar gauge singlet, S. If S is not forbidden by a symmetry from mixing with the Standard Model Higgs boson, the mixing will generate non-SM rates for Higgs production and decays. In general, there could also be unknown …
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 015004] Published Fri Jan 06, 2017
Cosmic rays in a galactic breeze
2017-01-06T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Andrew M. Taylor and Gwenael Giacinti
Motivated by the discovery of the nonthermal Fermi bubble features both below and above the Galactic plane, we investigate a scenario in which these bubbles are formed through galacto-centric outflow. Cosmic rays (CR) both diffusing and advecting within a galactic breeze outflow, interacting with th…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 023001] Published Fri Jan 06, 2017
Effects of electrically charged dark matter on cosmic microwave background anisotropies
2017-01-06T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Ayuki Kamada, Kazunori Kohri, Tomo Takahashi, and Naoki Yoshida
We examine the possibility that dark matter consists of charged massive particles (CHAMPs) in view of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) anisotropies. The evolution of cosmological perturbations of CHAMPs with other components is followed in a self-consistent manner, without assuming that CHAMPs …
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 023502] Published Fri Jan 06, 2017
Bump in the blue axion isocurvature spectrum
2017-01-06T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Daniel J. H. Chung and Amol Upadhye
Blue axion isocurvature perturbations are both theoretically well motivated and interesting from a detectability perspective. These power spectra generically have a break from the blue region to a flat region. Previous investigations of the power spectra were analytic, which left a gap in the predic…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 023503] Published Fri Jan 06, 2017
Cost of seven-brane gauge symmetry in a quadrillion F-theory compactifications
2017-01-06T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): James Halverson and Jiahua Tian
We study seven-branes in O(10^{15}) four-dimensional F-theory compactifications where seven-brane moduli must be tuned in order to achieve non-Abelian gauge symmetry. The associated compact spaces B are the set of all smooth weak Fano toric threefolds. By a study of fine-star-regular triangulations …
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 026005] Published Fri Jan 06, 2017
γ^{*} N→N^{*} (1520) form factors in the timelike regime
2017-01-05T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): G. Ramalho and M. T. Peña
The covariant spectator quark model, tested before in a variety of electromagnetic baryon excitations, is applied here to the γ^{*}N→N^{*}(1520) reaction in the timelike regime. The transition form factors are first parametrized in the spacelike region in terms of a valence quark core model together…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 014003] Published Thu Jan 05, 2017
Monte Carlo calculations of the finite density Thirring model
2017-01-05T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Andrei Alexandru, Gökçe Başar, Paulo F. Bedaque, Gregory W. Ridgway, and Neill C. Warrington
We present results of the numerical simulation of the two-dimensional Thirring model at finite density and temperature. The severe sign problem is dealt with by deforming the domain of integration into complex field space. This is the first example where a fermionic sign problem is solved in a quant…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 014502] Published Thu Jan 05, 2017
Missing particle associated with two bottom quarks at the LHC: Mono-b versus 2b with razor variables
2017-01-05T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Ning Chen, Zhaofeng Kang, and Jinmian Li
The extended Higgs sector, such as by a second Higgs doublet of type II, provides portals to the dark sector which contain missing particles at the LHC, e.g., dark matter particles. In this paper, working in the simplified model and taking into consideration the wide decay-width effect of the mediat…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 015003] Published Thu Jan 05, 2017
Foliation dependence of black hole apparent horizons in spherical symmetry
2017-01-05T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Valerio Faraoni, George F. R. Ellis, Javad T. Firouzjaee, Alexis Helou, and Ilia Musco
Numerical studies of gravitational collapse to black holes make use of apparent horizons, which are intrinsically foliation dependent. We expose the problem and discuss possible solutions using the Hawking-Hayward quasilocal mass. In spherical symmetry, we present a physically sensible approach to t…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 024008] Published Thu Jan 05, 2017
Gravitational waves from bubble collisions: An analytic derivation
2017-01-05T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Ryusuke Jinno and Masahiro Takimoto
We consider gravitational wave production by bubble collisions during a cosmological first-order phase transition. In the literature, such spectra have been estimated by simulating the bubble dynamics, under so-called thin-wall and envelope approximations in a flat background metric. However, we sho…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 024009] Published Thu Jan 05, 2017
Validating the effective-one-body model of spinning, precessing binary black holes against numerical relativity
2017-01-05T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Stanislav Babak, Andrea Taracchini, and Alessandra Buonanno
In Abbott et al. [Phys. Rev. X 6, 041014 (2016)], the properties of the first gravitational wave detected by LIGO, GW150914, were measured by employing an effective-one-body (EOB) model of precessing binary black holes whose underlying dynamics and waveforms were calibrated to numerical-relativity (…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 024010] Published Thu Jan 05, 2017
a-function for N=2 supersymmetric gauge theories in three dimensions
2017-01-05T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): J. A. Gracey, I. Jack, C. Poole, and Y. Schröder
Recently, the existence of a candidate a-function for renormalizable theories in three dimensions was demonstrated for a general theory at leading order and for a scalar-fermion theory at next-to-leading order. Here we extend this work by constructing the a-function at next-to-leading order for an N…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 025005] Published Thu Jan 05, 2017
Bimetric QED
2017-01-05T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): I. T. Drummond
We study, as a model of Lorentz symmetry breaking, the quantization and renormalization of an extension of QED in a flat spacetime where the photons and electrons propagate differently and do not share the same lightcone. We will refer to this model as bimetric QED (BIMQED). As a preliminary we disc…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 025006] Published Thu Jan 05, 2017
Chern-Simons couplings at order O(α^{′2} )
2017-01-05T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Komeil Babaei Velni and Ali Jalali
Using the explicit string scattering calculation and the linear T-dual ward identity, we evaluate the string theory disc amplitude of one Ramond-Ramond field C^{(p+1)} and two Neveu-Schwarz B-fields in the presence of a single D_{p}-brane in type IIB string theory. From this amplitude we extract the…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 026004] Published Thu Jan 05, 2017
Search for the 0^{−−} glueball in ϒ(1S) and ϒ(2S) decays
2017-01-04T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): S. Jia
et al. (Belle Collaboration)
We report the first search for the J^{PC}=0^{−−} glueball in ϒ(1S) and ϒ(2S) decays with data samples of (102±2)×10^{6} and (158±4)×10^{6} events, respectively, collected with the Belle detector. No significant signals are observed in any of the proposed production modes, and the 90% credibility lev…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 012001] Published Wed Jan 04, 2017
Effective field theory for large logarithms in radiative corrections to electron proton scattering
2017-01-04T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Richard J. Hill
Radiative corrections to elastic electron proton scattering are analyzed in effective field theory. A new factorization formula identifies all sources of large logarithms in the limit of large momentum transfer, Q^{2}≫m_{e}^{2}. Explicit matching calculations are performed through two-loop order. A …
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 013001] Published Wed Jan 04, 2017
Fluctuations of the multiplicity of produced particles in onium-nucleus collisions
2017-01-04T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Tseh Liou, A. H. Mueller, and S. Munier
We address the general features of event-by-event fluctuations of the multiplicity of gluons produced in the scattering of a dilute hadron off a large nucleus at high energy in the fragmentation region of the dilute hadron. We relate these fluctuations to the stochasticity of the number of quanta co…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 014001] Published Wed Jan 04, 2017
Comparative analysis of analytical solutions for F_{2}^{P} (x,t) in the DGLAP approach
2017-01-04T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): D. K. Choudhury and Neelakshi N. K. Borah
Coupled Dokshitzer-Gribov-Lipatov-Altarelli-Parisi equations involving singlet quark and gluon distributions are explored by a Taylor expansion at small x as two first-order partial differential equations in two variables: Bjorken x and t (t=lnQ^{2}/Λ^{2}). The system of equations are then solved by…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 014002] Published Wed Jan 04, 2017
Predicting the singlet vector channel in a partially broken gauge-Higgs theory
2017-01-04T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): A. Maas and P. Törek
We study a toy version of a grand-unified theory on the lattice: An SU(3) gauge theory, which experiences a Brout-Englert-Higgs effect due to a single Higgs field in the fundamental representation. This yields a perturbative breaking pattern SU(3)→SU(2). We investigate the singlet vector channel, fi…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 014501] Published Wed Jan 04, 2017
q-deformed statistics and the role of light fermionic dark matter in SN1987A cooling
2017-01-04T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Atanu Guha, Selvaganapathy J, and Prasanta Kumar Das
The light dark matter (≃1–30 MeV) particles pair produced in electron-positron annihilation e^{−}e^{+}→[over γ]χχ[over ¯] inside the supernova core can take away the energy released in the supernova SN1987A explosion. Working within the formalism of q-deformed statistics [with the average value of …
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 015001] Published Wed Jan 04, 2017
Loop suppressed electroweak symmetry breaking and naturally heavy superpartners
2017-01-04T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Radovan Dermíšek
A model is presented in which O(10 TeV) stop masses, typically required by the Higgs boson mass in supersymmetric models, do not originate from soft supersymmetry breaking terms that would drive the Higgs mass squared parameter to large negative values but rather from the mixing with vectorlike par…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 015002] Published Wed Jan 04, 2017
Hamilton-Jacobi formalism to warm inflationary scenario
2017-01-04T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): K. Sayar, A. Mohammadi, L. Akhtari, and Kh. Saaidi
The Hamilton-Jacobi formalism as a powerful method is being utilized to reconsider the warm inflationary scenario, where the scalar field as the main component driving inflation interacts with other fields. Separating the context into strong and weak dissipative regimes, the goal is followed for two…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 023501] Published Wed Jan 04, 2017
Relativistic effects in atom gravimeters
2017-01-04T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Yu-Jie Tan, Cheng-Gang Shao, and Zhong-Kun Hu
Atom interferometry is currently developing rapidly, which is now reaching sufficient precision to motivate laboratory tests of general relativity. Thus, it is extremely significant to develop a general relativistic model for atom interferometers. In this paper, we mainly present an analytical deriv…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 024002] Published Wed Jan 04, 2017
Interior solution for the Kerr metric
2017-01-04T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): J. L. Hernandez-Pastora and L. Herrera
A recently presented general procedure to find static and axially symmetric, interior solutions to the Einstein equations is extended to the stationary case, and applied to find an interior solution for the Kerr metric. The solution, which is generated by an anisotropic fluid, verifies the energy co…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 024003] Published Wed Jan 04, 2017
Exact gravitational lensing in conformal gravity and Schwarzschild–de Sitter spacetime
2017-01-04T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Yen-Kheng Lim and Qing-hai Wang
An exact solution is obtained for the gravitational bending of light in static, spherically symmetric metrics which includes the Schwarzschild–de Sitter spacetime and also the Mannheim-Kazanas metric of conformal Weyl gravity. From the exact solution, we obtain a small-bending-angle approximation fo…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 024004] Published Wed Jan 04, 2017
Charged rotating AdS black holes with Chern-Simons coupling
2017-01-04T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Mozhgan Mir and Robert B. Mann
We obtain a perturbative solution for rotating charged black holes in five-dimensional Einstein-Maxwell-Chern-Simons theory with a negative cosmological constant. We start from a small undeformed Kerr-AdS solution and use the electric charge as a perturbative parameter to build up black holes with e…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 024005] Published Wed Jan 04, 2017
Hints of quantum gravity from the horizon fluid
2017-01-04T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Bethan Cropp, Swastik Bhattacharya, and S. Shankaranarayanan
For many years, researchers have tried to glean hints about quantum gravity from black hole thermodynamics. However, black hole thermodynamics suffers from the problem of universality—at leading order, several approaches with different microscopic degrees of freedom lead to Bekenstein-Hawking entrop…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 024006] Published Wed Jan 04, 2017
Universality in chaos of particle motion near black hole horizon
2017-01-04T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Koji Hashimoto and Norihiro Tanahashi
The motion of a particle near a horizon of a spherically symmetric static black hole is shown to possess a universal Lyapunov exponent of chaos bounded by its surface gravity. To probe the horizon, we introduce an electromagnetic or scalar force to the particle so that it does not fall into the hori…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 024007] Published Wed Jan 04, 2017
Scattering in a three-dimensional fuzzy space
2017-01-04T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): J. N. Kriel, H. W. Groenewald, and F. G. Scholtz
We develop scattering theory in a noncommutative space defined by an su(2) coordinate algebra. By introducing a positive operator valued measure as a replacement for strong position measurements, we are able to derive explicit expressions for the probability current, differential and total cross sec…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 025003] Published Wed Jan 04, 2017
Surface operators from M-strings
2017-01-04T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Hironori Mori and Yuji Sugimoto
It has been found that surface operators have a significant role in Alday-Gaiotto-Tachikawa (AGT) relation. This duality is an outstanding consequence of M-theory, but it is actually encoded into the brane web for which the topological string can work. From this viewpoint, the surface defect in AGT …
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 026001] Published Wed Jan 04, 2017
Timelike twisted geometries
2017-01-04T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Julian Rennert
Within the twistorial parametrization of loop quantum gravity, we investigate the consequences of choosing a spacelike normal vector in the linear simplicity constraints. The amplitudes for the SU(2) boundary states of loop quantum gravity, given by most of the current spin foam models, are construc…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 026002] Published Wed Jan 04, 2017
Fermions on the antibrane: Higher order interactions and spontaneously broken supersymmetry
2017-01-04T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Keshav Dasgupta, Maxim Emelin, and Evan McDonough
It has been recently argued that inserting a probe D3[over ¯]-brane in a flux background breaks supersymmetry spontaneously instead of explicitly, as previously thought. In this paper we argue that such spontaneous breaking of supersymmetry persists even when the probe D3[over ¯]-brane is kept in a …
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 026003] Published Wed Jan 04, 2017
Van der Waals like behavior of topological AdS black holes in massive gravity
2017-01-03T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): S. H. Hendi, R. B. Mann, S. Panahiyan, and B. Eslam Panah
Motivated by recent developments in black hole thermodynamics, we investigate van der Waals phase transitions of charged black holes in massive gravity. We find that massive gravity theories can exhibit strikingly different thermodynamic behavior compared to that of Einstein gravity, and that the ma…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 021501(R)] Published Tue Jan 03, 2017
Boundary fluctuations and a reduction entropy
2017-01-03T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Christopher Herzog and Kuo-Wei Huang
The boundary Weyl anomalies live on a codimension-1 boundary, ∂M. The entanglement entropy originates from infinite correlations on both sides of a codimension-2 surface, Σ. Motivated to have a further understanding of the boundary effects, we introduce a notion of reduction entropy, which, guided b…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 021901(R)] Published Tue Jan 03, 2017
Network gravity
2017-01-03T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): John Lombard
We introduce the construction of a new framework for probing discrete emergent geometry and boundary-boundary observables based on a fundamentally a-dimensional underlying network structure. Using a gravitationally motivated action with Forman weighted combinatorial curvatures and simplicial volumes…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 024001] Published Tue Jan 03, 2017
Exploring center strings in SU(2) and SU(3) relativistic Yang-Mills-Higgs models
2017-01-03T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): L. E. Oxman and D. Vercauteren
We develop numerical tools and apply them to solve the relativistic Yang-Mills-Higgs equations in a model where the SU(N) symmetry is spontaneously broken to its center. In SU(2) and SU(3), we obtain the different field profiles for infinite and finite center strings, with end points at external mon…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 025001] Published Tue Jan 03, 2017
Information carrying capacity of a cosmological constant
2017-01-03T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Petar Simidzija and Eduardo Martín-Martínez
We analyze the exchange of information in different cosmological backgrounds when sender and receiver are timelike separated and communicate through massless fields (without the exchange of light signals). Remarkably, we show that the dominance of a cosmological constant makes the amount of recovera…
[Phys. Rev. D 95, 025002] Published Tue Jan 03, 2017
Next-to-next-to-leading-order QCD corrections to χ_{c0,2} →γγ
2016-12-30T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Wen-Long Sang, Feng Feng, Yu Jia, and Shuang-Ran Liang
We calculate the next-to-next-to-leading-order perturbative corrections to P-wave quarkonia annihilation decay to two photons, in the framework of nonrelativistic QCD factorization. The order-α_{s}^{2} short-distance coefficients associated with each helicity amplitude are presented in a semianalyti…
[Phys. Rev. D 94, 111501(R)] Published Fri Dec 30, 2016
Radiative-Z_{2} -breaking twin Higgs model
2016-12-30T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Jiang-Hao Yu
In the twin Higgs model, the Higgs boson mass is protected by a Z_{2} symmetry. The Z_{2} symmetry needs to be broken either explicitly or spontaneously to obtain misalignment between electroweak and new physics vacua. We propose a novel Z_{2} breaking mechanism, in which the Z_{2} is spontaneously …
[Phys. Rev. D 94, 111704(R)] Published Fri Dec 30, 2016
Hadronic production of D(2550), D^{*} (2600), D(2750), D_{1}^{*} (2760), and D_{3}^{*} (2760)
2016-12-30T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Ze Zhao, Yu Tian, and Ailin Zhang
Hadronic decays of radially excited 2D D(2^{3}D_{1}), D(2^{3}D_{3}), D(2D_{2}), and D(2D_{2}^{′}) have been studied in a ^{3}P_{0} model. All Okubo-Zweig-Iizuka–allowed decay channels of these 2D D resonances have been given, and relevant decay widths have been calculated. D(2550), D^{*}(2600), D(27…
[Phys. Rev. D 94, 114035] Published Fri Dec 30, 2016
Analytic structure of QCD propagators in Minkowski space
2016-12-30T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Fabio Siringo
Analytical functions for the propagators of QCD, including a set of chiral quarks, are derived by a one-loop massive expansion in the Landau gauge, deep in the infrared. By analytic continuation, the spectral functions are studied in Minkowski space, yielding a direct proof of positivity violation a…
[Phys. Rev. D 94, 114036] Published Fri Dec 30, 2016
Charm quark and meson production in association with single-jet at the LHC
2016-12-30T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): Rafał Maciuła and Antoni Szczurek
We discuss charm quark/antiquark and charmed meson production in association with one extra jet (gluon, quark, antiquark) at the LHC. The calculations are performed both in collinear and k_{T}-factorization approaches. Different unintegrated gluon distribution functions are used in the k_{T}-factori…
[Phys. Rev. D 94, 114037] Published Fri Dec 30, 2016
Isospin asymmetry of quark distributions and implications for single top-quark production at the LHC
2016-12-30T10:00:00-05:00
Author(s): S. Alekhin, J. Blümlein, S. Moch, and R. Plačakytė
We present an improved determination of the up- and down-quark distributions in the proton using recent data on charged lepton asymmetries from W^{±} gauge-boson production at the LHC and Tevatron. The analysis is performed in the framework of a global fit of parton distribution functions. The fit r…
[Phys. Rev. D 94, 114038] Published Fri Dec 30, 2016