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Preview: Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. D

Recent Articles in Phys. Rev. D

Recent articles in Physical Review D

Published: 2018-02-21T01:03:13+00:00


Measurement of the ${e}^{+}{e}^{−}→{K}_{S}{K}_{L}{π}^{0}$ cross section in the energy range $\sqrt{s}=1.3–2.0\text{ }\text{ }\mathrm{GeV}$


Author(s): M. N. Achasov et al.

The ${e}^{+}{e}^{−}→{K}_{S}{K}_{L}{π}^{0}$ cross section is measured in the center-of-mass energy range $\sqrt{s}=1.3–2.0\text{ }\text{ }\mathrm{GeV}$. The analysis is based on the data sample with an integrated luminosity of $33.5\text{ }\text{ }{\mathrm{pb}}^{−1}$ collected with the SND detector a...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 032011] Published Tue Feb 20, 2018

Single-top production at linear ${e}^{−}{e}^{+}$ colliders


Author(s): Angel Escamilla, Antonio O. Bouzas, and F. Larios

We study single-top production at linear lepton colliders with $\sqrt{s}=0.5$, 1, and 3 TeV. A preliminary analysis shows that despite the large $t\overline{t}$ background at $\sqrt{s}=0.5$ and 1 TeV it is possible to obtain a good sensitivity to the $tbW$ vertex, even more so at 3 TeV when single t...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 033004] Published Tue Feb 20, 2018

Ghost-gluon vertex in the presence of the Gribov horizon


Author(s): B. W. Mintz, L. F. Palhares, S. P. Sorella, and A. D. Pereira

We consider Yang-Mills theories quantized in the Landau gauge in the presence of the Gribov horizon via the refined Gribov-Zwanziger (RGZ) framework. As the restriction of the gauge path integral to the Gribov region is taken into account, the resulting gauge field propagators display a nontrivial i...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 034020] Published Tue Feb 20, 2018

NLO QCD predictions for $Wb\overline{b}$ production in association with up to three light jets at the LHC


Author(s): F. R. Anger, F. Febres Cordero, H. Ita, and V. Sotnikov

In this article we present the next-to-leading order QCD predictions for $Wb\overline{b}+n\text{−}\mathrm{jet}$ ($n=0$, 1, 2, 3) production at the Large Hadron Collider with $\sqrt{s}=13\text{ }\text{ }\mathrm{TeV}$. We work in the four-flavor number scheme with a nonvanishing bottom-quark mass and ...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 036018] Published Tue Feb 20, 2018

UV conformal window for asymptotic safety


Author(s): Andrew D. Bond, Daniel F. Litim, Gustavo Medina Vazquez, and Tom Steudtner

Interacting fixed points in four-dimensional gauge theories coupled to matter are investigated using perturbation theory up to three loop order. It is shown how fixed points, scaling exponents, and anomalous dimensions are obtained as a systematic power series in a small parameter. The underlying or...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 036019] Published Tue Feb 20, 2018

Higgs-dilaton cosmology: An inflation–dark-energy connection and forecasts for future galaxy surveys


Author(s): Santiago Casas, Martin Pauly, and Javier Rubio

The Higgs-dilaton model is a scale-invariant extension of the Standard Model nonminimally coupled to gravity and containing just one additional degree of freedom on top of the Standard Model particle content. This minimalistic scenario predicts a set of measurable consistency relations between the i...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 043520] Published Tue Feb 20, 2018

Small-scale modification to the lensing kernel


Author(s): Boryana Hadzhiyska, David Spergel, and Joanna Dunkley

Calculations of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) lensing power implemented into the standard cosmological codes such as camb and class usually treat the surface of last scatter as an infinitely thin screen. However, since the CMB anisotropies are smoothed out on scales smaller than the diffusio...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 043521] Published Tue Feb 20, 2018

No evidence for dust $B$-mode decorrelation in Planck data


Author(s): Christopher Sheehy and Anže Slosar

Constraints on inflationary $B$ modes using cosmic microwave background polarization data commonly rely on either template cleaning or cross-spectra between maps at different frequencies to disentangle Galactic foregrounds from the cosmological signal. Assumptions about how the foregrounds scale wit...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 043522] Published Tue Feb 20, 2018

Time-dependent mass of cosmological perturbations in the hybrid and dressed metric approaches to loop quantum cosmology


Author(s): Beatriz Elizaga Navascués, Daniel Martín de Blas, and Guillermo A. Mena Marugán

Loop quantum cosmology has recently been applied in order to extend the analysis of primordial perturbations to the Planck era and discuss the possible effects of quantum geometry on the cosmic microwave background. Two approaches to loop quantum cosmology with admissible ultraviolet behavior leadin...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 043523] Published Tue Feb 20, 2018

Ambiguity-free completion of the equations of motion of compact binary systems at the fourth post-Newtonian order


Author(s): Tanguy Marchand, Laura Bernard, Luc Blanchet, and Guillaume Faye

We present the first complete (i.e., ambiguity-free) derivation of the equations of motion of two nonspinning compact objects up to the 4PN (post-Newtonian) order, based on the Fokker action of point particles in harmonic coordinates. The last ambiguity parameter is determined from first principle, ...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 044023] Published Tue Feb 20, 2018

Brane world models with bulk perfect fluid and broken 4D Poincaré invariance


Author(s): Özgür Akarsu, Alexey Chopovsky, Maxim Eingorn, Seyed Hossein Fakhr, and Alexander Zhuk

We consider 5D brane world models with broken global 4D Poincaré invariance (4D part of the spacetime metric is not conformal to the Minkowski spacetime). The bulk is filled with the negative cosmological constant and may contain a perfect fluid. In the case of empty bulk (the perfect fluid is absen...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 044024] Published Tue Feb 20, 2018

Torsion in gauge theory


Author(s): H. T. Nieh

The potential conflict between torsion and gauge symmetry in the Riemann-Cartan curved spacetime was noted by Kibble in his 1961 pioneering paper and has since been discussed by many authors. Kibble suggested that, to preserve gauge symmetry, one should forgo the covariant derivative in favor of the...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 044027] Published Tue Feb 20, 2018

Quantum heating as an alternative of reheating


Author(s): Emil T. Akhmedov and Francesco Bascone

To model a realistic situation for the beginning we consider massive real scalar ${ϕ}^{4}$ theory in a ($1+1$)-dimensional asymptotically static Minkowski spacetime with an intermediate stage of expansion. To have an analytic headway we assume that scalars have a big mass. At past and future infinit...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 045013] Published Tue Feb 20, 2018

Erratum: Twisted self-duality for higher spin gauge fields and prepotentials [Phys. Rev. D 94, 105027 (2016)]


Author(s): Marc Henneaux, Sergio Hörtner, and Amaury Leonard
[Phys. Rev. D 97, 049901] Published Tue Feb 20, 2018

Publisher’s Note: Hořava-Lifshitz bouncing Bianchi IX universes: A dynamical system analysis [Phys. Rev. D 96, 103532 (2017)]


Author(s): Rodrigo Maier and Ivano Damião Soares
[Phys. Rev. D 97, 049902] Published Tue Feb 20, 2018

Erratum: Efficiency of the cross-correlation statistic for gravitational wave stochastic background signals with non-Gaussian noise and heterogeneous detector sensitivities [Phys. Rev. D 92, 104025 (2015)]


Author(s): Lionel Martellini and Tania Regimbau

We present an erratum with respect to the paper. The results presented are based on an incorrect expression for the standard detection statistic, which does not include the correction to the cross-correlation term that is required when the detector sensitivities are assumed to be known. We are grate...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 049903] Published Tue Feb 20, 2018

Search for weakly decaying $b$-flavored pentaquarks


Author(s): R. Aaij et al. (LHCb Collaboration)

Investigations of the existence of pentaquark states containing a single $b$ (anti)quark decaying weakly into four specific final states $J/ψ{K}^{+}{π}^{−}p$, $J/ψ{K}^{−}{π}^{−}p$, $J/ψ{K}^{−}{π}^{+}p$, and $J/ψϕ(1020)p$ are reported. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of $3.0\t...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 032010] Published Fri Feb 16, 2018

Elastic proton-proton scattering at 13 TeV


Author(s): V. A. Khoze, A. D. Martin, and M. G. Ryskin

The predictions of a model which was tuned in 2013 to describe the elastic and diffractive $pp$- and/or $p\overline{p}$-data at collider energies up to 7 TeV are compared with the new 13 TeV TOTEM results. The possibility of the presence of an odd-signature Odderon exchange contribution is discussed...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 034019] Published Fri Feb 16, 2018

Dual representation of lattice QCD with worldlines and worldsheets of Abelian color fluxes


Author(s): Carlotta Marchis and Christof Gattringer

We present a new dual representation for lattice QCD in terms of wordlines and worldsheets. The exact reformulation is carried out using the recently developed Abelian color flux method where the action is decomposed into commuting minimal terms that connect different colors on neighboring sites. Ex...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 034508] Published Fri Feb 16, 2018

Light scalar mesons and two-kaon correlation functions


Author(s): N. N. Achasov and A. V. Kiselev

It is shown that the recent data on the ${K}_{S}^{0}{K}^{+}$ correlation in Pb-Pb interactions agree with the data on the $γγ→η{π}^{0}$ and $ϕ→η{π}^{0}γ$ reactions and support the four-quark model of the ${a}_{0}(980)$ meson. It is shown that the data does not contradict the validity of the Gaussian...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 036015] Published Fri Feb 16, 2018

Searching for possible ${\mathrm{Ω}}_{c}$-like molecular states from meson-baryon interaction


Author(s): Rui Chen, Atsushi Hosaka, and Xiang Liu

Stimulated by the recent observation of ${\mathrm{Ω}}_{c}$ as well as past observations of ${P}_{c}(4380)$ and ${P}_{c}(4450)$, we perform a coupled-channel analysis of ${\mathrm{Ξ}}_{c}^{*}\overline{K}/{\mathrm{Ω}}_{c}η/{\mathrm{Ω}}_{c}^{*}η/{\mathrm{Ξ}}_{c}{\overline{K}}^{*}/{\mathrm{Ξ}}_{c}^{′}{\...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 036016] Published Fri Feb 16, 2018

Spectral methods for coupled channels with a mass gap


Author(s): H. Weigel, M. Quandt, and N. Graham

We develop a method to compute the vacuum polarization energy for coupled scalar fields with different masses scattering off a background potential in one space dimension. As an example we consider the vacuum polarization energy of a kinklike soliton built from two real scalar fields with different ...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 036017] Published Fri Feb 16, 2018

Vacuum fluctuations in an ancestor vacuum: A possible dark energy candidate


Author(s): Hajime Aoki, Satoshi Iso, Da-Shin Lee, Yasuhiro Sekino, and Chen-Pin Yeh

We consider an open universe created by bubble nucleation, and study possible effects of our “ancestor vacuum,” a de Sitter space in which bubble nucleation occurred, on the present universe. We compute vacuum expectation values of the energy-momentum tensor for a minimally coupled scalar field, car...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 043517] Published Fri Feb 16, 2018

Parametrizing growth in dark energy and modified gravity models


Author(s): Miguel Aparicio Resco and Antonio L. Maroto

It is well known that an extremely accurate parametrization of the growth function of matter density perturbations in $\mathrm{Λ}\mathrm{CDM}$ cosmology, with errors below 0.25%, is given by $f(a)={\mathrm{Ω}}_{m}^{γ}(a)$ with $γ≃0.55$. In this work, we show that a simple modification of this expres...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 043518] Published Fri Feb 16, 2018

Large-scale structure phenomenology of viable Horndeski theories


Author(s): Simone Peirone, Kazuya Koyama, Levon Pogosian, Marco Raveri, and Alessandra Silvestri

Phenomenological functions $\mathrm{Σ}$ and $μ$, also known as ${G}_{\text{light}}/G$ and ${G}_{\text{matter}}/G$, are commonly used to parametrize modifications of the growth of large-scale structure in alternative theories of gravity. We study the values these functions can take in Horndeski theor...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 043519] Published Fri Feb 16, 2018

General theories of linear gravitational perturbations to a Schwarzschild black hole


Author(s): Oliver J. Tattersall, Pedro G. Ferreira, and Macarena Lagos

We use the covariant formulation proposed by Tattersall, Lagos, and Ferreira [Phys. Rev. D 96, 064011 (2017)] to analyze the structure of linear perturbations about a spherically symmetric background in different families of gravity theories, and hence study how quasinormal modes of perturbed black ...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 044021] Published Fri Feb 16, 2018

Search for top squarks and dark matter particles in opposite-charge dilepton final states at $\sqrt{s}=13\text{ }\text{ }\mathrm{TeV}$


Author(s): A. M. Sirunyan et al. (CMS Collaboration)

A search for new physics is presented in final states with two oppositely charged leptons (electrons or muons), jets identified as originating from $b$ quarks, and missing transverse momentum (${p}_{\mathrm{T}}^{\mathrm{miss}}$). The search uses proton-proton collision data at $\sqrt{s}=13\text{ }\t...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 032009] Published Thu Feb 15, 2018

COHERENT constraints to conventional and exotic neutrino physics


Author(s): D. K. Papoulias and T. S. Kosmas

The process of neutral-current coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus scattering, consistent with the Standard Model (SM) expectation, has been recently measured by the COHERENT experiment at the Spallation Neutron Source. On the basis of the observed signal and our nuclear calculations for the relevant ...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 033003] Published Thu Feb 15, 2018

Structure of the nucleon’s low-lying excitations


Author(s): Chen Chen, Bruno El-Bennich, Craig D. Roberts, Sebastian M. Schmidt, Jorge Segovia, and Shaolong Wan

A continuum approach to the three valence-quark bound-state problem in quantum field theory is used to perform a comparative study of the four lightest $(I=1/2,{J}^{P}=1/{2}^{±})$ baryon isospin doublets in order to elucidate their structural similarities and differences. Such analyses predict the p...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 034016] Published Thu Feb 15, 2018

Plasmon mass scale in two-dimensional classical nonequilibrium gauge theory


Author(s): T. Lappi and J. Peuron

We study the plasmon mass scale in classical gluodynamics in a two-dimensional configuration that mimics the boost-invariant initial color fields in a heavy-ion collision. We numerically measure the plasmon mass scale using three different methods: a hard thermal loop (HTL) expression involving the ...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 034017] Published Thu Feb 15, 2018

Suggested search for doubly charmed baryons of ${J}^{P}=3/{2}^{+}$ via their electromagnetic transitions


Author(s): Er-Liang Cui, Hua-Xing Chen, Wei Chen, Xiang Liu, and Shi-Lin Zhu

We use the method of light-cone sum rules to study the electromagnetic transition of the ${\mathrm{Ξ}}_{cc}^{*++}$ into ${\mathrm{Ξ}}_{cc}^{++}γ$, whose decay width is estimated to be ${13.7}_{−7.9}^{+17.7}\text{ }\text{ }\mathrm{keV}$. This value is large enough for the ${\mathrm{Ξ}}_{cc}^{*++}$ to...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 034018] Published Thu Feb 15, 2018

Variance reduction and cluster decomposition


Author(s): Keh-Fei Liu, Jian Liang, and Yi-Bo Yang

It is a common problem in lattice QCD calculation of the mass of the hadron with an annihilation channel that the signal falls off in time while the noise remains constant. In addition, the disconnected insertion calculation of the three-point function and the calculation of the neutron electric dip...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 034507] Published Thu Feb 15, 2018

Anatomy of the inert two-Higgs-doublet model in the light of the LHC and non-LHC dark matter searches


Author(s): Alexander Belyaev, Giacomo Cacciapaglia, Igor P. Ivanov, Felipe Rojas-Abatte, and Marc Thomas

The inert two-Higgs-doublet model (i2HDM) is a theoretically well-motivated example of a minimal consistent dark matter (DM) model which provides monojet, mono-$Z$, mono-Higgs, and vector-boson-$\mathrm{fusion}+{\mathbit{E}}_{\mathrm{T}}^{\mathrm{miss}}$ signatures at the LHC, complemented by signal...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 035011] Published Thu Feb 15, 2018

Finite-temperature phase transitions of third and higher order in gauge theories at large $N$


Author(s): Hiromichi Nishimura, Robert D. Pisarski, and Vladimir V. Skokov

We study phase transitions in $SU(∞)$ gauge theories at nonzero temperature using matrix models. Our basic assumption is that the effective potential is dominated by double trace terms for the Polyakov loops. As a function of the various parameters, related to terms linear, quadratic, and quartic in...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 036014] Published Thu Feb 15, 2018

Integrated Sachs-Wolfe map reconstruction in the presence of systematic errors


Author(s): Noah Weaverdyck, Jessica Muir, and Dragan Huterer

The decay of gravitational potentials in the presence of dark energy leads to an additional, late-time contribution to anisotropies in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) at large angular scales. The imprint of this so-called integrated Sachs-Wolfe (ISW) effect to the CMB angular power spectrum ha...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 043515] Published Thu Feb 15, 2018

Hybrid inflation in quasiminimal supergravity with monotonic inflationary potential


Author(s): C. Panagiotakopoulos

We show how supersymmetric hybrid inflation with scalar spectral index ${n}_{\mathrm{s}}≃0.96–0.97$ is realized in the context of quasiminimal supergravity if we insist that the inflationary potential not exhibit any local extrema. We also address the problem of the initial conditions for both monot...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 043516] Published Thu Feb 15, 2018

Slowly damped quasinormal modes of the massive Dirac field in $d$-dimensional Tangherlini spacetime


Author(s): Jose Luis Blázquez-Salcedo and Christian Knoll

We consider quasinormal modes of the massive Dirac field in the background of a Schwarzschild-Tangherlini black hole. Different dimensions of the spacetime are considered, from $d=4$ to $d=9$. The quasinormal modes are calculated using two independent methods: WKB and continued fraction. We obtain t...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 044020] Published Thu Feb 15, 2018

Role of pressure anisotropy on relativistic compact stars


Author(s): S. K. Maurya, Ayan Banerjee, and Sudan Hansraj

We investigate a compact spherically symmetric relativistic body with anisotropic particle pressure profiles. The distribution possesses characteristics relevant to modeling compact stars within the framework of general relativity. For this purpose, we consider a spatial metric potential of Korkina ...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 044022] Published Thu Feb 15, 2018

Perturbations against a Q-ball: Charge, energy, and additivity property


Author(s): Mikhail N. Smolyakov

In the present paper, perturbations against a Q-ball solution are considered. It is shown that if we calculate the U(1) charge and the energy of the modes, which are solutions to linearized equations of motion, up to the second order in perturbations, we will get incorrect results. In particular, fo...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 045011] Published Thu Feb 15, 2018

Rotating superfluids and spinning charged operators in conformal field theory


Author(s): Gabriel Cuomo, Anton de la Fuente, Alexander Monin, David Pirtskhalava, and Riccardo Rattazzi

We compute the scaling dimensions of operators with large global charge and spin in $2+1$ dimensional conformal field theories. By the state-operator correspondence, these operators correspond to superfluids with vortices and can be systematically studied using effective field theory. As the spin in...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 045012] Published Thu Feb 15, 2018

Modified dispersion relations, inflation, and scale invariance


Author(s): Stefano Bianco, Victor Nicolai Friedhoff, and Edward Wilson-Ewing

For a certain type of modified dispersion relations, the vacuum quantum state for very short wavelength cosmological perturbations is scale-invariant and it has been suggested that this may be the source of the scale-invariance observed in the temperature anisotropies in the cosmic microwave backgro...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 046006] Published Thu Feb 15, 2018

Curvature dependence of quantum gravity


Author(s): Nicolai Christiansen, Kevin Falls, Jan M. Pawlowski, and Manuel Reichert

We investigate the phase diagram of quantum gravity with a vertex expansion about constantly-curved backgrounds. The graviton two- and three-point function are evaluated with a spectral sum on a sphere. We obtain, for the first time, curvature-dependent UV fixed point functions of the dynamical fluc...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 046007] Published Thu Feb 15, 2018

Introducing quantum Ricci curvature


Author(s): N. Klitgaard and R. Loll

Motivated by the search for geometric observables in nonperturbative quantum gravity, we define a notion of coarse-grained Ricci curvature. It is based on a particular way of extracting the local Ricci curvature of a smooth Riemannian manifold by comparing the distance between pairs of spheres with ...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 046008] Published Thu Feb 15, 2018

Distinct Minkowski spaces from Bondi-Metzner-Sachs supertranslations


Author(s): Friedrich Schöller

This work provides a smooth and everywhere well-defined extension of Bondi-Metzner-Sachs (BMS) supertranslations into the bulk of Minkowski space. The supertranslations lead to physically distinct spacetimes, all isometric to Minkowski space. This construction is in contrast to the often used, nonsm...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 046009] Published Thu Feb 15, 2018

Electrons in an eccentric background field


Author(s): Martin Lavelle and David McMullan

We present a description of electrons propagating in an elliptically polarized, plane wave background which includes circular and linear polarizations as special cases. We calculate, to all orders in the background field, the two point function and relate it to various expressions found in the liter...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 036013] Published Wed Feb 14, 2018

Dissipative dark matter halos: The steady state solution


Author(s): R. Foot

Dissipative dark matter, where dark matter particle properties closely resemble familiar baryonic matter, is considered. Mirror dark matter, which arises from an isomorphic hidden sector, is a specific and theoretically constrained scenario. Other possibilities include models with more generic hidde...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 043012] Published Wed Feb 14, 2018

Double inflation as a single origin of primordial black holes for all dark matter and LIGO observations


Author(s): Keisuke Inomata, Masahiro Kawasaki, Kyohei Mukaida, and Tsutomu T. Yanagida

A primordial black hole (PBH) is one of the leading nonparticle candidates for dark matter (DM). Although several observations severely constrain the amount of PBHs, it was recently pointed out that there is an uncertainty on the microlensing constraints below $∼{10}^{−10}\text{ }\text{ }{M}_{⊙}$, w...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 043514] Published Wed Feb 14, 2018

Is the Kerr black hole a super accelerator?


Author(s): S. Krasnikov and M. V. Skvortsova

A number of long-standing puzzles, such as the origin of extreme-energy cosmic rays, could perhaps be solved if we found a mechanism for effectively transferring energy from black holes to particles and, correspondingly, accelerating the latter to (unboundedly, as long as we neglect the back reactio...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 044019] Published Wed Feb 14, 2018

Locating the QCD critical endpoint through finite-size scaling


Author(s): N. G. Antoniou, F. K. Diakonos, X. N. Maintas, and C. E. Tsagkarakis

Considering the 3D Ising universality class of the QCD critical endpoint, we use a universal effective action for the description of the baryon-number density fluctuations around the critical region. Calculating the baryon-number multiplicity moments and determining their scaling with system’s size,...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 034015] Published Tue Feb 13, 2018

Production of $HHH$ and $HHV(V=γ,Z)$ at the hadron colliders


Author(s): Pankaj Agrawal, Debashis Saha, and Ambresh Shivaji

We consider the production of two Higgs bosons in association with a gauge boson or another Higgs boson at the hadron colliders. We compute the cross sections and distributions for the processes $pp→HHH$ and $HHZ$ within the standard model. In particular, we compute the gluon-gluon fusion one-loop c...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 036006] Published Tue Feb 13, 2018

Amplitude analysis of the anomalous decay ${η}^{′}→{π}^{+}{π}^{−}γ$


Author(s): Ling-Yun Dai, Xian-Wei Kang, Ulf-G. Meißner, Xin-Ying Song, and De-Liang Yao

In this paper we perform an amplitude analysis of ${η}^{′}→{π}^{+}{π}^{−}γ$ and confront it with the latest BESIII data. Based on the final-state interaction theorem, we represent the amplitude in terms of an Omnés function multiplied by a form factor that corresponds to the contributions from left-...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 036012] Published Tue Feb 13, 2018

GW170817 falsifies dark matter emulators


Author(s): S. Boran, S. Desai, E. O. Kahya, and R. P. Woodard

On August 17, 2017 the LIGO interferometers detected the gravitational wave (GW) signal (GW170817) from the coalescence of binary neutron stars. This signal was also simultaneously seen throughout the electromagnetic (EM) spectrum from radio waves to gamma rays. We point out that this simultaneous d...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 041501(R)] Published Tue Feb 13, 2018

Cosmological axion and a quark nugget dark matter model


Author(s): Shuailiang Ge, Xunyu Liang, and Ariel Zhitnitsky

We study a dark matter (DM) model offering a very natural explanation of two (naively unrelated) problems in cosmology: the observed relation ${\mathrm{Ω}}_{\mathrm{DM}}∼{\mathrm{Ω}}_{\text{visible}}$ and the observed asymmetry between matter and antimatter in the Universe, known as the “baryogenesi...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 043008] Published Tue Feb 13, 2018

Dark sequential $Z′$ portal: Collider and direct detection experiments


Author(s): Giorgio Arcadi, Miguel D. Campos, Manfred Lindner, Antonio Masiero, and Farinaldo S. Queiroz

We revisit the status of a Majorana fermion as a dark matter candidate when a sequential ${Z}^{′}$ gauge boson dictates the dark matter phenomenology. Direct dark matter detection signatures rise from dark matter-nucleus scatterings at bubble chamber and liquid xenon detectors, and from the flux of ...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 043009] Published Tue Feb 13, 2018

Nonstandard neutrino self-interactions in a supernova and fast flavor conversions


Author(s): Amol Dighe and Manibrata Sen

We study the effects of nonstandard self-interactions (NSSI) of neutrinos streaming out of a core-collapse supernova. We show that with NSSI, the standard linear stability analysis gives rise to linearly as well as exponentially growing solutions. For a two-box spectrum, we demonstrate analytically ...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 043011] Published Tue Feb 13, 2018

Field theories and fluids for an interacting dark sector


Author(s): Mariana Carrillo González and Mark Trodden

We consider the relationship between fluid models of an interacting dark sector and the field theoretical models that underlie such descriptions. This question is particularly important in light of suggestions that such interactions may help alleviate a number of current tensions between different c...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 043508] Published Tue Feb 13, 2018

Comparing fully general relativistic and Newtonian calculations of structure formation


Author(s): William E. East, Radosław Wojtak, and Tom Abel

In the standard approach to studying cosmological structure formation, the overall expansion of the Universe is assumed to be homogeneous, with the gravitational effect of inhomogeneities encoded entirely in a Newtonian potential. A topic of ongoing debate is to what degree this fully captures the d...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 043509] Published Tue Feb 13, 2018

Neutrino mass priors for cosmology from random matrices


Author(s): Andrew J. Long, Marco Raveri, Wayne Hu, and Scott Dodelson

Cosmological measurements of structure are placing increasingly strong constraints on the sum of the neutrino masses, $\mathrm{Σ}{m}_{ν}$, through Bayesian inference. Because these constraints depend on the choice for the prior probability $π(\mathrm{Σ}{m}_{ν})$, we argue that this prior should be m...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 043510] Published Tue Feb 13, 2018

Reducing the ${H}_{0}$ and ${σ}_{8}$ tensions with dark matter-neutrino interactions


Author(s): Eleonora Di Valentino, Céline Bœhm, Eric Hivon, and François R. Bouchet

The introduction of dark matter-neutrino interactions modifies the cosmic microwave background (CMB) angular power spectrum at all scales, thus affecting the reconstruction of the cosmological parameters. Such interactions can lead to a slight increase of the value of ${H}_{0}$ and a slight decrease...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 043513] Published Tue Feb 13, 2018

Dark-matter-like solutions to Einstein’s unified field equations


Author(s): J. R. van Meter

Einstein originally proposed a nonsymmetric tensor field, with its symmetric part associated with the spacetime metric and its antisymmetric part associated with the electromagnetic field, as an approach to a unified field theory. Here we interpret it more modestly as an alternative to Einstein-Maxw...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 044018] Published Tue Feb 13, 2018

Complete $D=11$ embedding of SO(8) supergravity


Author(s): Oscar Varela

The truncation formulas of $D=11$ supergravity on ${S}^{7}$ to $D=4$ $\mathcal{N}=8$ SO(8)-gauged supergravity are completed to include the full nonlinear dependence of the $D=11$ three-form potential ${\stackrel{^}{A}}_{(3)}$ on the $D=4$ fields, and their consistency is shown. The full embedding i...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 045010] Published Tue Feb 13, 2018

Observation of ${e}^{+}{e}^{−}→ϕ{χ}_{c1}$ and $ϕ{χ}_{c2}$ at $\sqrt{s}=4.600\text{ }\text{ }\mathrm{GeV}$


Author(s): M. Ablikim et al. (BESIII Collaboration)

Using a data sample collected with the BESIII detector operating at the BEPCII storage ring at a center-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s}=4.600\text{ }\text{ }\mathrm{GeV}$, we search for the production of ${e}^{+}{e}^{−}→ϕ{χ}_{c0,1,2}$. A search is also performed for the charmonium-like state $X(4140)$ i...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 032008] Published Mon Feb 12, 2018

Probing the $P$-wave charmonium decays of ${B}_{c}$ meson


Author(s): Zhou Rui

Motivated by the large number of ${B}_{c}$ meson decay modes observed recently by several detectors at the LHC, we present a detailed analysis of the ${B}_{c}$ meson decaying to the $P$-wave charmonium states and a light pseudoscalar ($P$) or vector ($V$) meson within the framework of perturbative Q...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 033001] Published Mon Feb 12, 2018

Measuring $|{V}_{td}|$ at the LHC


Author(s): Ezequiel Alvarez, Leandro Da Rold, Mariel Estevez, and Jernej F. Kamenik

We propose a direct measurement of the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa element ${V}_{td}$ at the LHC. Making use of the imbalance between $d$ and $\overline{d}$ quark content in the proton, we show that a nonzero ${V}_{td}$ induces a charge asymmetry in the $tW$ associated production. The main backgrounds...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 033002] Published Mon Feb 12, 2018

Masses and sigma terms of doubly charmed baryons up to $\mathcal{O}({p}^{4})$ in manifestly Lorentz-invariant baryon chiral perturbation theory


Author(s): De-Liang Yao

We calculate the masses and sigma terms of the doubly charmed baryons up to next-to-next-to-next-to-leading order [i.e., $\mathcal{O}({p}^{4})$] in a covariant baryon chiral perturbation theory by using the extended-on-mass-shell renormalization scheme. Their expressions both in infinite and finite ...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 034012] Published Mon Feb 12, 2018

Nonequilibrium quark production in the expanding QCD plasma


Author(s): Naoto Tanji and Jürgen Berges

We perform real-time lattice simulations of nonequilibrium quark production in the longitudinally expanding QCD plasma. Starting from a highly occupied gluonic state with vacuum quark sector, we extract the time evolution of quark and gluon number densities per unit transverse area and rapidity. The...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 034013] Published Mon Feb 12, 2018

Competition between magnetic catalysis effect and chiral rotation effect


Author(s): Lingxiao Wang and Gaoqing Cao

In this work, we explore the competition between magnetic catalysis effect and chiral rotation effect in a general parallel electromagnetic field within the effective Nambu–Jona-Lasinio model. For a given electric field $E$ at zero temperature, the mass gap shows three different features with respec...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 034014] Published Mon Feb 12, 2018

Meson masses in electromagnetic fields with Wilson fermions


Author(s): G. S. Bali, B. B. Brandt, G. Endrődi, and B. Gläßle

We determine the light meson spectrum in QCD in the presence of background magnetic fields using quenched Wilson fermions. Our continuum extrapolated results indicate a monotonous reduction of the connected neutral pion mass as the magnetic field grows. The vector meson mass is found to remain nonze...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 034505] Published Mon Feb 12, 2018

Lattice QCD investigation of the structure of the ${a}_{0}(980)$ meson


Author(s): Constantia Alexandrou, Joshua Berlin, Mattia Dalla Brida, Jacob Finkenrath, Theodoros Leontiou, and Marc Wagner

We investigate the quark content of the low-lying states in the $I({J}^{P})=1({0}^{+})$ sector, which are the quantum numbers of the ${a}_{0}(980)$ meson, using lattice QCD. To this end, we consider correlation functions of six different two- and four-quark interpolating fields. We evaluate all diag...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 034506] Published Mon Feb 12, 2018

Accelerator and reactor complementarity in coherent neutrino-nucleus scattering


Author(s): James B. Dent, Bhaskar Dutta, Shu Liao, Jayden L. Newstead, Louis E. Strigari, and Joel W. Walker

We study the complementarity between accelerator and reactor coherent elastic neutrino-nucleus elastic scattering ($\mathrm{CE}ν\mathrm{NS}$) experiments for constraining new physics in the form of nonstandard neutrino interactions (NSI). First, considering just data from the recent observation by t...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 035009] Published Mon Feb 12, 2018

Renormalization group evolution of Higgs effective field theory


Author(s): Rodrigo Alonso, Kirill Kanshin, and Sara Saa

The one-loop renormalization of the action for a set of Dirac fermions and a set of scalars spanning an arbitrary manifold coupled via Yukawa-like and gauge interactions is presented. The computation is performed with functional methods and in a geometric formulation that preserves at all stages the...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 035010] Published Mon Feb 12, 2018

Early Universe synthesis of asymmetric dark matter nuggets


Author(s): Moira I. Gresham, Hou Keong Lou, and Kathryn M. Zurek

We compute the mass function of bound states of asymmetric dark matter—nuggets—synthesized in the early Universe. We apply our results for the nugget density and binding energy computed from a nuclear model to obtain analytic estimates of the typical nugget size exiting synthesis. We numerically sol...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 036003] Published Mon Feb 12, 2018

Quantum computation of scattering amplitudes in scalar quantum electrodynamics


Author(s): Kübra Yeter-Aydeniz and George Siopsis

We present a quantum algorithm for the calculation of scattering amplitudes of massive charged scalar particles in scalar quantum electrodynamics. Our algorithm is based on continuous-variable quantum computing architecture resulting in exponential speedup over classical methods. We derive a simple ...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 036004] Published Mon Feb 12, 2018

2PI effective theory at next-to-leading order using the functional renormalization group


Author(s): M. E. Carrington, S. A. Friesen, B. A. Meggison, C. D. Phillips, D. Pickering, and K. Sohrabi

We consider a symmetric scalar theory with quartic coupling in four dimensions. We show that the four-loop 2PI calculation can be done using a renormalization group method. The calculation involves one bare coupling constant which is introduced at the level of the Lagrangian and is therefore concept...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 036005] Published Mon Feb 12, 2018

Nucleon electromagnetic form factors with a nonlocal chiral effective Lagrangian


Author(s): Fangcheng He and P. Wang

The relativistic version of finite-range regularization is proposed. The covariant regulator is generated from the nonlocal Lagrangian. This nonlocal interaction is gauge invariant and is applied to study the nucleon electromagnetic form factors at momentum transfer up to $2\text{ }\text{ }{\mathrm{...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 036007] Published Mon Feb 12, 2018

Caustic formation upon shift symmetry breaking


Author(s): Klaountia Pasmatsiou

We examine how the breaking of shift symmetry affects the formation of caustics for the standard canonical kinetic theory as well as for the DBI theory. We show, in this case, that the standard canonical kinetic theory is caustic free but the same does not always apply for the DBI model. We make sim...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 036008] Published Mon Feb 12, 2018

Crystalline phases by an improved gradient expansion technique


Author(s): S. Carignano, M. Mannarelli, F. Anzuini, and O. Benhar

The authors develop a novel expansion for theories near a Lifshitz point, where a spatially inhomogeneous phase develops.

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 036009] Published Mon Feb 12, 2018

Resonance suppression from color reconnection


Author(s): R. Acconcia, D. D. Chinellato, R. Derradi de Souza, J. Takahashi, G. Torrieri, and C. Markert

We present studies that show how multi-parton interaction and color reconnection affect the hadro-chemistry in proton-proton (pp) collisions with special focus on the production of resonances using the pythia8 event generator. We find that color reconnection suppresses the relative production of mes...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 036010] Published Mon Feb 12, 2018

Net-baryon number fluctuations in the hybrid quark-meson-nucleon model at finite density


Author(s): Michał Marczenko and Chihiro Sasaki

We study the mean-field thermodynamics and the characteristics of the net-baryon number fluctuations at the phase boundaries for the chiral and deconfinement transitions in the hybrid quark-meson-nucleon model. The chiral dynamics is described in the linear sigma model, whereas the quark confinement...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 036011] Published Mon Feb 12, 2018

Erratum: Strong decays of exotic and nonexotic heavy baryons in the chiral quark-soliton model [Phys. Rev. D 96, 094021 (2017)]


Author(s): Hyun-Chul Kim, Maxim V. Polyakov, Michał Praszałowicz, and Ghil-Seok Yang

We present a corrected calculation of the decay widths of the putative exotic heavy ${\mathrm{Ω}}_{c}^{0}$ states to the ground state ${\mathrm{SU}(3)}_{\text{flavor}}$ sextets of heavy baryons. In the article we have used formulas summed over the final spin $1/2$ and $3/2$ sextets. These states, ho...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 039901] Published Mon Feb 12, 2018

Multicritical scalar theories with higher-derivative kinetic terms: A perturbative RG approach with the $ε$-expansion


Author(s): M. Safari and G. P. Vacca

We employ perturbative renormalization group and $ε$-expansion to study multicritical single-scalar field theories with higher derivative kinetic terms of the form $ϕ(−□{)}^{k}ϕ$. We focus on those with a ${\mathbb{Z}}_{2}$-symmetric critical point which are characterized by an upper critical dimens...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 041701(R)] Published Mon Feb 12, 2018

Collisionless magnetic reconnection in curved spacetime and the effect of black hole rotation


Author(s): Luca Comisso and Felipe A. Asenjo

Magnetic reconnection in curved spacetime is studied by adopting a general-relativistic magnetohydrodynamic model that retains collisionless effects for both electron-ion and pair plasmas. A simple generalization of the standard Sweet-Parker model allows us to obtain the first-order effects of the g...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 043007] Published Mon Feb 12, 2018

New test of Lorentz symmetry using ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays


Author(s): Luis A. Anchordoqui and Jorge F. Soriano

We propose an innovative test of Lorentz symmetry by observing pairs of simultaneous parallel extensive air showers produced by the fragments of ultrahigh-energy cosmic ray nuclei which disintegrated in collisions with solar photons. We show that the search for a cross-correlation of showers in arri...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 043010] Published Mon Feb 12, 2018

Loop corrections to primordial non-Gaussianity


Author(s): Sibel Boran and E. O. Kahya

We discuss quantum gravitational loop effects to observable quantities such as curvature power spectrum and primordial non-Gaussianity of cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation. We first review the previously shown case where one gets a time dependence for zeta-zeta correlator due to loop corre...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 043507] Published Mon Feb 12, 2018

Gravitational leptogenesis, reheating, and models of neutrino mass


Author(s): Peter Adshead, Andrew J. Long, and Evangelos I. Sfakianakis

Gravitational leptogenesis refers to a class of baryogenesis models in which the matter-antimatter asymmetry of the Universe arises through the standard model lepton-number gravitational anomaly. In these models chiral gravitational waves source a lepton asymmetry in standard model neutrinos during ...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 043511] Published Mon Feb 12, 2018

Solving the flatness problem with an anisotropic instanton in Hořava-Lifshitz gravity


Author(s): Sebastian F. Bramberger, Andrew Coates, João Magueijo, Shinji Mukohyama, Ryo Namba, and Yota Watanabe

In Hořava-Lifshitz gravity a scaling isotropic in space but anisotropic in spacetime, often called “anisotropic scaling,” with the dynamical critical exponent $z=3$, lies at the base of its renormalizability. This scaling also leads to a novel mechanism of generating scale-invariant cosmological per...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 043512] Published Mon Feb 12, 2018

Universality of the Unruh effect


Author(s): Leonardo Modesto, Yun Soo Myung, and Sang-Heon Yi

In this paper we prove the universal nature of the Unruh effect in a general class of weakly nonlocal field theories. At the same time we solve the tension between two conflicting claims published in literature. Our universality statement is based on two independent computations based on the canonic...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 044016] Published Mon Feb 12, 2018

Resampling to accelerate cross-correlation searches for continuous gravitational waves from binary systems


Author(s): Grant David Meadors, Badri Krishnan, Maria Alessandra Papa, John T. Whelan, and Yuanhao Zhang

Continuous-wave (CW) gravitational waves (GWs) call for computationally-intensive methods. Low signal-to-noise ratio signals need templated searches with long coherent integration times and thus fine parameter-space resolution. Longer integration increases sensitivity. Low-mass x-ray binaries (LMXBs...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 044017] Published Mon Feb 12, 2018

Can a charged decaying particle serve as an ideal clock in the presence of a magnetic field?


Author(s): Roberto Pierini, Krzysztof Turzyński, and Andrzej Dragan

We investigate a model of a supposedly ideal clock based on the decay rate of a charged particle in circular motion in a constant magnetic field. We show that the time measured by an ideal clock depends on the acceleration. However, the effect becomes visible at an order of magnitude of $1{0}^{28}\t...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 045006] Published Mon Feb 12, 2018

Boundarylike behaviors of the resonance interatomic energy in a cosmic string spacetime


Author(s): Wenting Zhou and Hongwei Yu

By generalizing the formalism proposed by Dalibard, Dupont-Roc and Cohen Tannoudji, we study the resonance interatomic energy of two identical atoms coupled to quantum massless scalar fields in a symmetric/antisymmetric entangled state in the Minkowski and cosmic string spacetimes. We find that in b...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 045007] Published Mon Feb 12, 2018

Canceling the Weyl anomaly from a position-dependent coupling


Author(s): Yu Nakayama

Once we put a quantum field theory on a curved manifold, it is natural to further assume that coupling constants are position-dependent. The position-dependent coupling constants then provide an extra contribution to the Weyl anomaly so that we may attempt to cancel the entire Weyl anomaly on the cu...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 045008] Published Mon Feb 12, 2018

CFT data and spontaneously broken conformal invariance


Author(s): Georgios K. Karananas and Mikhail Shaposhnikov

We derive consistency conditions for the CFT data, which systems with exact but spontaneously broken conformal invariance must satisfy.

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 045009] Published Mon Feb 12, 2018

de Sitter space from dilatino condensates in massive IIA supergravity


Author(s): Bertrand Souères and Dimitrios Tsimpis

We use the superspace formulation of (massive) IIA supergravity to obtain the explicit form of the dilatino terms, and we find that the quartic-dilatino term is positive. The theory admits a ten-dimensional de Sitter solution, obtained by assuming a nonvanishing quartic-dilatino condensate which gen...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 046005] Published Mon Feb 12, 2018

Comprehending isospin breaking effects of $X(3872)$ in a Friedrichs-model-like scheme


Author(s): Zhi-Yong Zhou and Zhiguang Xiao

Recently, we have shown that the $X(3872)$ state can be naturally generated as a bound state by incorporating the hadron interactions into the Godfrey-Isgur quark model using a Friedrichs-like model combined with the quark pair creation model, in which the wave function for the $X(3872)$ as a combin...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 034011] Published Fri Feb 09, 2018

Computing the nucleon charge and axial radii directly at ${Q}^{2}=0$ in lattice QCD


Author(s): Nesreen Hasan, Jeremy Green, Stefan Meinel, Michael Engelhardt, Stefan Krieg, John Negele, Andrew Pochinsky, and Sergey Syritsyn

We describe a procedure for extracting momentum derivatives of nucleon matrix elements on the lattice directly at ${Q}^{2}=0$. This is based on the Rome method for computing momentum derivatives of quark propagators. We apply this procedure to extract the nucleon isovector magnetic moment and charge...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 034504] Published Fri Feb 09, 2018

Quasifixed points from scalar sequestering and the little hierarchy problem in supersymmetry


Author(s): Stephen P. Martin

In supersymmetric models with scalar sequestering, superconformal strong dynamics in the hidden sector suppresses the low-energy couplings of mass dimension 2, compared to the squares of the dimension-1 parameters. Taking into account restrictions on the anomalous dimensions in superconformal theori...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 035006] Published Fri Feb 09, 2018

Probing new physics through ${B}_{s}^{*}→{μ}^{+}{μ}^{−}$ decay


Author(s): Dinesh Kumar, Jyoti Saini, Shireen Gangal, and Sanjeeda Bharati Das

We perform a model independent analysis of new physics in ${B}_{s}^{*}→{μ}^{+}{μ}^{−}$ decay. We intend to identify new physics operator(s) which can provide large enhancement in the branching ratio of ${B}_{s}^{*}→{μ}^{+}{μ}^{−}$ above its standard model prediction. For this, we consider new physic...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 035007] Published Fri Feb 09, 2018

Large $h→bs$ in generic two-Higgs-doublet models


Author(s): Andreas Crivellin, Julian Heeck, and Dario Müller

We investigate the possible size of $h→bs$ in two-Higgs-doublet models with generic Yukawa couplings. Even though the corresponding rates are in general expected to be small due to the indirect constraints from ${B}_{s}→{μ}^{+}{μ}^{−}$ and ${B}_{s}–{\overline{B}}_{s}$ mixing, we find regions in para...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 035008] Published Fri Feb 09, 2018

BPS sectors of the Skyrme model and their non-BPS extensions


Author(s): C. Adam, D. Foster, S. Krusch, and A. Wereszczynski

Two recently found coupled Bogomol’nyi-Prasad-Sommerfield (BPS) submodels of the Skyrme model are further analyzed. First, we provide a geometrical formulation of the submodels in terms of the eigenvalues of the strain tensor. Second, we study their thermodynamical properties and show that the mean-...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 036002] Published Fri Feb 09, 2018

Effects of sterile neutrinos and an extra dimension on big bang nucleosynthesis


Author(s): Dukjae Jang, Motohiko Kusakabe, and Myung-Ki Cheoun

By assuming the existence of extra-dimensional sterile neutrinos in the big bang nucleosynthesis (BBN) epoch, we investigate the sterile neutrino (${ν}_{\mathrm{s}}$) effects on the BBN and constrain some parameters associated with the ${ν}_{\mathrm{s}}$ properties. First, for the cosmic expansion r...

[Phys. Rev. D 97, 043005] Published Fri Feb 09, 2018