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Returning Control to the Programmer: SIMD Intrinsics for Virtual Machines

Thu, 24 Feb 2011 20:31:26 GMT

Server and workstation hardware architecture is continually improving, yet interpreted languages have failed to keep pace with the proper utilization of modern processors. SIMD (single instruction, multiple data) units are available in nearly every current desktop and server processor and are greatly underutilized, especially with interpreted languages. If multicore processors continue their current growth pattern, interpreted-language performance will begin to fall behind, since current native compilers and languages offer better automated SIMD optimization and direct SIMD mapping support. As each core in commercial x86 multicore processors includes a dedicated SIMD unit, the performance disparity will grow exponentially as long as the available SIMD units remain underutilized in interpreted-language environments.



A Conversation with James Gosling

Tue, 31 Aug 2004 14:02:47 GMT

A Conversation with James Gosling

James Gosling talks about virtual machines, security, and of course, Java.

As a teenager, James Gosling came up with an idea for a little interpreter to solve a problem in a data analysis project he was working on at the time. Through the years, as a grad student and at Sun as creator of Java and the Java Virtual Machine, he has used several variations on that solution. “I came up with one answer once, and I have just been repeating it over and over again for a frightening number of years,” he says.

Those years included earning a B.Sc. from the University of Calgary, Canada, and a Ph.D. in computer science from Carnegie Mellon University, before joining Sun Microsystems in 1984. At Sun he is best known for creating the original design of Java and implementing its original compiler and virtual machine. Over the years he also wrote the original Unix Emacs, and was the lead engineer of NeWS (network-extensible window system).




Toolkit: Samba Does Windows-to-Linux Dance

Tue, 31 Aug 2004 14:01:23 GMT

Samba Does Windows-to-Linux Dance

Mounting remote Linux drives under Windows is easier than you think.

Alexander Wolfe, Science Writer

 

With heterogeneous networked environments becoming the rule rather than the exception, there’s more need than ever for Windows and Linux to work and play well together. Enter Samba, the print- and file-sharing tool that enables files residing on Linux hosts to interact with Windows-based desktops.




Simulators: Virtual Machines of the Past (and Future)

Tue, 31 Aug 2004 13:52:00 GMT

Simulators: Virtual Machines of the Past (and Future)

Has the time come to kiss that old iron goodbye?

Bob Supnik, Sun Microsystems

 

Simulators are a form of “virtual machine” intended to address a simple problem: the absence of real hardware. Simulators for past systems address the loss of real hardware and preserve the usability of software after real hardware has vanished. Simulators for future systems address the variability of future hardware designs and facilitate the development of software before real hardware exists.




Building Systems to Be Shared, Securely

Tue, 31 Aug 2004 13:50:44 GMT

Building Systems to be Shared Securely

Want to securely partition VMs? One option is to put 'em in Jail.

By Poul-Henning Kamoe, FreeBSD Developer, and Robert Watson, McAfee Research

The history of computing has been characterized by continuous transformation resulting from the dramatic increases in performance and drops in price described by Moore’s law. Computing “power” has migrated from centralized mainframes/servers to distributed systems and the commodity desktop. Despite these changes, system sharing remains an important tool for computing. From the multitasking, file-sharing, and virtual machines of the desktop environment to the large-scale sharing of server-class ISP hardware in collocation centers, safely sharing hardware between mutually untrusting parties requires addressing critical concerns of accidental and malicious damage.

There has been a strong continuing interest in access control and separation technologies to support safe yet efficient sharing of computing systems. Although the degree of sharing taking place has increased because of similarly dramatic changes in networking, there has not been a marked change in the nature of security concerns. Costs of adapting software, identifying policy goals, and minimizing administrative complexity remain a balancing act. The fundamental security primitives for separation have not changed, but our experience in attempting to apply them is substantially greater.




The Reincarnation of Virtual Machines

Tue, 31 Aug 2004 13:49:33 GMT

The Reincarnation of Virtual Machines

Mendel Rosenblum, Standford University and VMWare

Virtualization makes a comeback.


The term virtual machine initially described a 1960s operating system concept: a software abstraction with the looks of a computer system's hardware (real machine). Forty years later, the term encompasses a large range of abstractions—for example, Java virtual machines that don't match an existing real machine. Despite the variations, in all definitions the virtual machine is a target for a programmer or compilation system. In other words, software is written to run on the virtual machine.

A CROSS-SECTION VIEW

One way to view the different virtual machine abstractions is as “slices” of the hardware/software stack. A modern computer system is composed of layers, beginning with the hardware and including layers of an operating system and application programs running on top of the operating system (see figure 1). Virtualization software abstracts virtual machines by interposing a layer at various places in the system. Three examples of these virtualization layers include hardware-level virtualization, operating system–level virtualization, and high-level language virtual machines.