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Preview: WFP Hunger Hotspots

WFP Hunger Hotspots





 



Yemen

Fri, 20 Nov 2009 12:10:10 +0000

Lack of funding has kept the CP on hold since June; under the HFP EMOP, 40 percent of mothers and children will not receive nutrition assistance for six of the 12 planned months. Overall, limited and late funding will leave 1.4 of nearly 1.7 million beneficiaries of the CP without assistance in November. Following a three-week blockade of supply routes to Sa’ada town in October, WFP has been able to re-supply. Planned distribution to 55,500 IDPs in the town and camps is expected to begin 17 November. Implementation of SFP for Sa’ada is still on hold due to the delayed arrival of commodities and required training. In the meantime, WFP is providing HEB to provide increased micronutrient value to children. The South remains volatile, with clashes and demonstrations reported. The influx of refugees from the Horn is growing and the proportion of families staying in the camp is higher than in the past. As a result, the number of camp residents and of children benefiting from school meals in the camp is on the rise and surpassing planning figures. WFP is preparing to dispatch food rations for the November round of supplementary feeding; in addition to ongoing blanket feeding for PLW and children under 2, November will mark the first month of targeted feeding for moderately acute malnourished children under 5 (previously on hold pending the arrival of supplementary plumpy). GFD for the 4th and 5th months is complete; there is no funding for the 6th, final month. 



Sudan

Fri, 20 Nov 2009 12:09:10 +0000

SOUTHERN SUDAN: Emergency Hunger Gap Response: Airdrops commenced Thursday 29 October 2009 with WFP delivering emergency food assistance to vulnerable populations in prioritized locations in three states: Warrap, Jonglei and Upper Nile. As of 16 November, 1,130 mt of food have been delivered through airdrops. The plan is to deliver over 4,300 mt through airdrops to 22 drop zones in the three states to assist some 158,000 people affected by the extended hunger gap through December 2009. This is WFP’s first airdrop in Southern Sudan since 2007. WFP commenced its fifth boat convoy from Malakal to Akobo in Upper Nile State. The convoy departed Malakal on 16 November and will transport 763 mt of food along the Sobat corridor with the bulk of commodities destined for Akobo. The convoy comes in the wake of WFP’s concerns regarding the decreasing water level of the Sobat River which may result in halting boat deliveries. Number of DDR Beneficiaries Increasing: The Southern Sudan Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Commission (SSDDRC) in Rumbek reported an increasing number of ex-combatants registering for demobilization and reintegration in Lakes State. The beneficiaries have increased from some 350 planned in 2009 to almost 4,000 as of November, requiring additional WFP assistance in support of the reintegration exercise. 



Somalia

Fri, 20 Nov 2009 12:07:44 +0000

Buaale WFP office launched boat operations along Juba River after the roads became inaccessible due to the current heavy rains that have also increased the risk of excessive flooding along the river basin. During the reporting period two WFP boats were deployed for the team on nutrition screening missions in Sakow and Salagle. The boats are scheduled to transport 60 mt of food to five final distribution points in the Juba regions from Buaale. 



Kenya

Fri, 20 Nov 2009 12:07:05 +0000

The Government of Kenya has decided that the Agricultural Sector Development Strategy (ASDS), which will be signed in the coming weeks, will constitute the Kenya version of the CAADP. The Code of Conduct which WFP is a signatory to will formalize the process. Alongside the relief brought by rain, there are fears of massive flooding, particularly in north eastern and coast regions. It is estimated that 1.4 million people soon may be cut off from relief supplies due to impassable roads, including 200,000 people who may be forced to flee their homes as flood waters rise. WFP has prepositioned food for two months in the most flood-prone areas to minimize disruptions and to prevent/reduce the need for expensive air operations. In addition, three month supplies of food for about 338,000 refugees have been prepositioned at Dadaab Refugee Camp.  



Ethiopia

Fri, 20 Nov 2009 11:50:44 +0000

In his capacity as a WFP Ambassador Against Hunger, the former President of Ghana John Kufuor is in Ethiopia (16-18 November). The Ambassador will visit two WFP/Government projects – MERET and food for education in Oromiya region – and meet with the Government and AU. MERET (disaster reduction programme) will showcase climate change adaptation. Planning for round seven of relief food distribution was finalized by WFP, DRMFSS, and JEOP (Joint Emergency Operation), targeting 6.2 million beneficiaries. Food allocations are being prepared. Meanwhile, dispatches for round six are ongoing. 



DRC

Fri, 20 Nov 2009 11:50:01 +0000

Prime Minister Muzito launched on Friday, 6 November the fund for the government plan for stabilization and reconstruction of areas emerging from armed conflict (STAREC). The initial amount of the stabilization fund is US$20 million provided by the United Nations peace-building fund. The first bilateral contributions of US$2.7 million and €6 million had been announced by the Netherlands and Belgium respectively. A river convoy of 500 metres long, 16 metres wide, with a total power of 1,580 horsepower left Kinshasa on 3 November headed for Kisangani in Orientale province. Seven and two pushers are carrying 2,500 mt of various goods. Among them are inter-agency logistics services (ILS) cargoes: 14 containers for MONUC and 6,736 cartons of school books (81 mt) for 4 educational districts in the Orientale Province. The latter is part of the four million books distribution project implemented for the Ministry of Education. The first boat built by WFP partner Caritas to transport food and NFIs for the humanitarian community (including WFP) in different isolated areas of Equateur province has started its first voyage on 30 October 2009, with 29 mt of food for a cooperating partner in Bolomba, north east of Mbandaka. Caritas will manage the river transport service and will invoice the users, including WFP, on a cost recovery basis.



Chad

Fri, 20 Nov 2009 11:49:07 +0000

First trucks carrying sugar for school meals for Kanem (in the west of the country) and Guéra (central Chad) arrived in N’Djamena last week and all is being done to get food positioned in these regions by 15 November. The convoy of 24 trucks carrying 720 mt of sorghum that left Benghazi (Libya) last week is expected in Abéché in the first week of December. This is the first lot of the 17,320 mt that were received in Benghazi early last month for EMOP 10559.1.



Afghanistan

Fri, 20 Nov 2009 11:48:23 +0000

 WFP winter pre-positioning of nearly 33,000 mt of food continues. Thus far 27,400 mt (83 percent) of the total planned food has been dispatched to 18 provinces. The pre-positioning is for WFP normal activities to ensure a continued food supply to vulnerable communities in remote areas which become inaccessible during the harsh winter. The first snow fall of the winter in the mountains areas has already occurred. Swine flue cases have been reported at nearly 800 to date. The GoA has declared an emergency situation and closed down all schools and educational institutions for three weeks. WFP has set up a Task Force to review the contingency plan. Tamiflu and equipments have been sent to all the Area Offices. The construction of 25 girl schools boundary walls is being completed in Faryab province. The aim was to create girl friendly learning space and provide food insecure people with food assistance through WFP FFW activities. Royal Norwegian Embassy in Afghanistan provided the resources for the construction of these boundary walls. The pertinent community development council, parents and teachers committee also provided conducive support and contributions wherever necessary. The completion report on the project is being finalized.



Ethiopia

Mon, 12 Oct 2009 11:49:59 +0000

The United Nations Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS), run by WFP, is facing a serious funding shortfall. The UN agencies working in the Somali region are presently looking at making contributions to keep this service afloat for one more month. UNHAS provides a vital service to areas not served by the Ethiopian Airlines. Reduction or closure of services will have a serious implication in the management and monitoring of operations in Somali region. 



Sri Lanka

Thu, 17 Sep 2009 13:35:46 +0000

WFP will begin facilitating individual cooking in zones II and VI of the largest IDP camp at Menic Farm, as NGO’s have exhausted their funds to continue with communal cooking arrangements. WFP plans to distribute dry food rations to some 55,000 displaced persons in zone II alone. Local Government counterparts are attempting to procure complimentary food items to distribute with the general food rations for now. WFP continues to feed the estimated 270,000 IDPs in temporary transit camps, and is currently dispatching approximately 900 mt of food commodities each week to the IDP population. The Government of Sri Lanka has recently announced that it plans to resettle an estimated 100,000 IDPs to the north and east of the country in the next few weeks, and before the monsoon rains set in.



Somalia

Thu, 17 Sep 2009 13:34:34 +0000

In light of the precarious pipeline and as part of the ongoing strategic review, WFP has started to phase out the support for Maternal and Child Health Nutrition Programme from seven centres in Lower Shabelle  and five others in Bay/Bakool  in order to prioritize life-saving intervention such as targeted supplementary feeding programme (TSFP), in coordination with UNICEF and nutrition cluster partners. In central Somalia, WFP is completing distributions for Blanket Supplementary Feeding Programme (BSFP) as initially planned before switching to TSFP. WFP is currently working with Food Security and Nutrition Analysis Unit to design an evaluation of the impact of BSFP as part of the October nutrition survey. The transition to TSFP is likely to be delayed due to the current security and pipeline situation.



Kenya

Thu, 17 Sep 2009 13:33:43 +0000

Results from recent nutrition surveys in various districts have been released. They indicate that global acute malnutrition (GAM) rates are above emergency threshold in the arid districts. The rates are also considerably higher than the norm for semi arid districts. The deteriorating situation is confirmed by surveillance information, which is showing a worsening situation in most drought affected areas. WFP shortfalls for PRRO 106660 over the next six months (October 2009 – March 2010) are 315,000 mt of food or US$278 million, to provide emergency food assistance to millions of Kenyans affected by deepening drought and continued high food prices, as per the findings of the just-concluded long rains assessments. This includes the US$31 million from advanced financing. WFP is expanding its school meals programme by 100,000 to reach nearly 1.2 million children across the worst affected areas. The Government of Kenya is also providing school meals to about half a million more children under their own school meals programme. Some of the worst affected Kenyans have been pushed to the edge and are struggling to survive. Many have reduced the number of meals per day, eat cheaper and less nutritious foods, migrated to urban centres and taken on massive debt.



Ethiopia

Thu, 17 Sep 2009 13:32:45 +0000

The approved Interim Risk Finance for Productive Safety-Net Programme (PSNP) for 2009, which plans extended assistance to 6.47 million PSNP beneficiaries living in hotspot areas drought/emergency affected areas is ongoing. The assistance consists of one month food assistance for priority one areas and cash for another two months. Delivery of assistance has started already. Revalidation exercise of Sudanese refugees in camps in west Ethiopia is ongoing with support from WFP.



Chad

Thu, 17 Sep 2009 13:31:38 +0000

The Special Operation (SO 10560) is currently experiencing a severe shortfall. The available funding can only keep the service running until 20 September. Meanwhile, a B1900 aircraft based in N’Djamena will be removed by 30 September 2009 as a cost saving measure.



Afghanistan

Thu, 17 Sep 2009 13:30:52 +0000

On 20 August, the Afghan people voted in the Presidential and Provincial elections. The preliminarily results have been announced, while at present it is unclear when the final results will be announced. On the Election Day significant numbers of security incidents and allegations of fraud were reported. WFP has begun the implementation of a pilot Cash Voucher programme in Kabul. Under this programme WFP plans to target 10,000 vulnerable families (about 60,000 individuals) in Kabul City. WFP has begun pre-positioning of nearly 33,000 tons of food for its normal activities to ensure a continued supply to vulnerable communities in remote areas inaccessible during the harsh winter. Thus far 11,000 tons (34 percent) of the total planned food has been dispatched.



Sudan

Thu, 03 Sep 2009 07:49:23 +0000

Darfur: Food distributions are continuing to more than 3.6 million beneficiaries in Darfur, including some 1.1 million beneficiaries in areas affected by the NGO expulsions. The overall number of people requiring food assistance has increased as the lean season deepens. Negotiations are ongoing with new and existing NGO partners to cover gap areas that exist in Darfur. Short-term agreements have been signed with the Sudanese Red Crescent and Catholic Relief Services to cover some of the gap in West Darfur, and with Africa Humanitarian Action for North Darfur. This leaves nearly 60 percent under WFP direct management. WFP will continue to do joint distributions with partners while assessing and augmenting their capacities. Southern Sudan: Poor rainfall, continued high levels of insecurity and high cereal and low livestock prices have combined in Southern Sudan to create an urgent food security situation. The recently released Annual Needs and Livelihood Assessment (ANLA) Mid-Year Review for Southern Sudan estimates 1.5 million people face severe food insecurity. WFP must provide an additional 22,000 mt of food to reach an additional 300,000 people facing severe food insecurity in six of the most vulnerable states in Southern Sudan from August to December 2009. This is on top of WFP’s original plan to provide 80,000 mt for 1 million people, bringing the plan for WFP total assistance to 102,000 mt and 1.3 million people this year in Southern Sudan. More than half of the additional 22,000 mt will go to conflict-affected and displaced people in Jonglei and Upper Nile States where food deliveries have been complicated by insecurity and poor road access. CETA: The situation in the region remains calm and WFP continues to monitor Abyei, following the 22 July ruling of the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) on the Abyei boundary issue. The PCA redefined its eastern and western boundaries, but left the northern border intact. WFP food assistance programmes are proceeding according to plan.



Somalia

Thu, 03 Sep 2009 07:47:57 +0000

Somalia faces its worst humanitarian crisis in 18 years amid an escalating civil war that threatens to push the country into further deteriorations in food security and nutrition status of the people. Results of a country-wide comprehensive inter-agency assessment, led by FAO Food Security Nutrition Analysis Unit (FSNU) with the participation of WFP, confirms that the humanitarian crisis in Somalia is widespread and severe with half of the population in humanitarian crisis. Seventy five percent of them are concentrated in south and central Somalia, where the fighting is greatest and which are most inaccessible to humanitarian operations. One in five Somali children is acutely malnourished and one in twenty is severely malnourished. The number of internally displaced people has increased by more than 40 percent since January 2009.  Whereas WFP efforts to sustain food assistance interventions for 3.5 million vulnerable Somalis are critically jeopardized by funding shortfall of US$189 million from September 2009hrough March 2010.



oPt

Thu, 03 Sep 2009 07:46:45 +0000

Between 23 and 30 August, 1,435 mt of food were distributed to 54,278 beneficiaries in Gaza in collaboration with Oxfam GB, Common Humanitarian Fund (CHF) and bakeries. The start of the school year in Gaza coincides with the start of Ramadan. Due to the destruction of many schools during Operation Cast Lead, the number of pupils per classroom has doubled. WFP delivered eight trucks (284 mt) of food commodities to the West Bank during the reporting period, and distributed over 628 mt of food to 33,955 beneficiaries in cooperation with the Ministry of Social Affairs (MoSA) and Catholic Relief Services (CRS).



Kenya

Thu, 03 Sep 2009 07:45:43 +0000

WFP shortfalls over the next six months (September 2009 – February 2010) are 260,000 mt of food or US$230 million, to provide emergency food assistance to millions of Kenyans affected by deepening drought and continued high food prices, as per the findings of the just-concluded long rains assessments. This includes needs based on the assessment findings as well as funds still owed to advance finance mechanisms. This will be an increase from the 2.6 million drought-affected Kenyans currently assisted through general food distributions/food-for-assets. The Kenyan government will support the new caseload of 1.2 million people until the end of October, when WFP will take over the entire caseload. WFP will also expand its school meals programme by 100,000 to reach nearly 1.2 million children across the worst affected areas. The Government of Kenya is also providing school meals to about half a million more children under their own school meals programme. Some of the worst affected Kenyans have been pushed to the edge and are struggling to survive. Many have reduced the number of meals per day, eat cheaper and less nutritious foods, migrated to urban centres and taken on massive debt. Cattle are dying, and acute malnutrition rates among children under 5 are over 20 percent in some areas – well above the 15 percent emergency threshold. With the influx into the Dadaab camp, the refugee operation urgently requires US$6.2 million to procure a three-month buffer stock before the end of September and anticipated flooding associated with El Nino weather conditions. In addition, the operation still owes US$9.5 million to the Immediate Response Account. 



Syria

Thu, 03 Sep 2009 07:44:25 +0000

The fourth bi-monthly distribution cycle of 2009 (July/August) inside and outside Damascus was concluded on 10 August, with about 90 percent show-up rate. The food ration consisted of 25 kg of rice, 5 kg of pulses and 3.67 kg of oil (four-month ration for oil only). The fifth bi-monthly distribution cycle of 2009 (September/October) will start after the month of Ramadan ends, approximately during the last week of September. The first shipment of 1,867 mt of rice out of 7,226 mt purchased internationally has been used for the fourth bi-monthly distribution cycle. The second shipment of 2,501 mt of rice arrived in Lattakia port on 18 August 2009.